The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham: Volume 3, Stockton and Darlington Wards. Originally published by Nichols and Son, London, 1823.
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PARISH OF GRINDON.
The Parish of Grindon is bounded by Sedgefield on the North and West, by Bishopton and Redmarshall on the South-west and South, by Norton and the Chapelry of Wolviston on the East, and by Elwick on the North-east.
Has been constantly held by the Lords of Fulthorpe. In 1337 Roger Fulthorpe held a third of the vill by 8d. rent (fn. 1). In 1406 Alan Fulthorpe held ten tofts and eighty acres, by 2s. rent, or one sparrow-hawke (fn. 2).
Stands in an open field, with only the parsonage and one farmhold adjoining (there is no village). The structure (fn. 3) consists of a nave and chancel, without tower or aisles. The Fulthorpe porch opens from the nave on the South (fn. 4). Near the centre of the floor are two blue slabs laid closely together. The one has a sword suspended from a cross, and just above the hilt the cross moline of Fulthorpe; the other stone has only a cross (fn. 5). A stone coffin, of the usual form, lies in the church-yard, on which Hutchinson read the name of Roger de Fulthorpe.
Hic Requiescit Quod Mortale Fuit
Hujusce Ecclesiæ Vicarii,
In Expectatione Diei Resurrectionis:
Ille Dies Indicabit.
Obiit ximo Die Novembr 1760, ætat 47.
Succession of Vicars.
Grindon Vicarage, a discharged living in the Deanery of Stockton.&The Master of Sherburn Hospital, Patron.&Dedication to St. Thomas à Becket.&Crewe's Augment. 10l. per ann.; King's Books, 4l. 11s. 5 1/2d.; Tenths, 9s. 1 3/4d.; Proc. Episc. 2s. 6d.; Proc. Archid. 2s.
- Gamel, occurs 1194.
- William Baty.
- Richard de Aukeland, 1358.
- William Boteler, 1379.
- Henry Flinton, 1390.
- John de Hexham, 1402.
- John Drawlesse, 1421.
- Thomas Wall.
- Robert Hochonson, 1560.
- George Gibson, 1579.
- Francis Greene, 1599.
- James Wallace (fn. 6), A. M. 1618.
- Ralph Bowes, A. M. Eman. Coll. Cambr. 1653, elected by consent of the whole parish, and by the appointment of the Commissioners of the county of Durham, constituted Vicar of Grindon, Par. Reg. June 1653.
- William Alder, A. M. 1668.
- William Thompson, 1678.
- Thomas Nicholson, 1699.
- Christopher Haggarth, 1706, p. res. Nicholson.
- Robert Pigot, A. M. 1723, p. m. Haggarth.
- Joseph Nicholson, 1748, p. res. Pigot.
- Thomas Rotheram (fn. 7), A. M. 1760, p. m. Nicholson.
- Joseph Middleton (fn. 8), 1769, p. res. Rotheram.
- William Terrott (fn. 9), A. M. Trin. Coll. Cambr. p. res. Middleton.
The Master of Sherburn has the great tithes, and tithe of wool and lamb. The Vicar is generally entitled to hay-tithe, and all other small tithes throughout the parish, excepting that no tithe of hay is paid for Whitton, nor for Spittle-meadow, in Thorp.
The glebe consists of two closes, one in front of the parsonage, the other adjoining it on the West; in all, with the church-yard, about fourteen acres; and of a farm at Mordon-moor-house, in the parish of Sedgefield, purchased with Queen Anne's Bounty, containing about 65 acres.
The earliest escheat in which the estate is mentioned is in 1337, when Roger Fulthorpe held only half the manor by the twelfth part of a knight's service (fn. 10). In the subsequent Inquests the whole manor is stated to be held by the same service. Sir Roger Fulthorpe (fn. 11), a Judge of the Common Pleas, (and under Hatfield, Chief Justice of the Palatinate,) was one of the weak or corrupt Judges who signed the obnoxious articles at Nottingham. On the triumph of the Confederated Nobles he was arrested on the Bench in Westminster Hall, impeached by the Commons, and with the other “false Judges,” condemned and attainted as a traitor (fn. 12). The intercession, as it is said, of the Bench of Bishops, saved the lives of the condemned Judges, and their sentence was commuted for that of perpetual exile into Ireland. In the following year King Richard granted the family estates to the son of his disgraced favourite: the manors of Tunstall, Thorpthewles, and Hurthworth, and lands in Hertillpole, Thorp Bulmer, Norton, Wolviston, Bruntoft, Layton, Whitton, and Frosterle, Bekhaugh and Thirkilby in Yorkshire; to hold during the life of his father Roger Fulthorpe (fn. 13). Fulthorp is not named, but certainly reverted to the family, and was held by them to a late period. Their ancient seat, however, was, from this date at least, deserted for Tunstall, in the parish of Stranton; or for their Yorkshire possessions. The estate was at length alienated about the reign of Elizabeth. In 1596 Thomas Blakiston acquired the manor of Fulthorpe from George Wandisford, Esq. (fn. 14); and in 1616 the same Sir Thomas Blakiston, Bart. granted his manor, farmhold, or capital messuage of Fulthorpe to Arthur and Humphrey Robinson (fn. 15). The Robinsons conveyed to the Davisons of Blakiston; and Fulthorpe was alienated, I presume, by their descendant Thomas Davison Bland, of Kippax, Esq. (together with Blakiston) to William Russell, Esq.
“Sir Hugh Capell, Knight, the eldest owner and true possessor of the manner of Winyard, who lyved in the tyme of King Edward the First, by Johane his wyfe had fyve daughters; that is to say, Cecily, married to Richard Daldene; Laderancia, married to Peter Wykes; Orfranca, Elizabeth, and Amyce, which were his heires. After whose decease Johane his wyfe toke to husband John, the sonne of Peter de Denthorpe, who had the wardshipp of two of the sayd daughters, and procured unto himselfe dyvers landes in the manner of Wynyard, which he gave to Sir Henry Lisle, Knight, by his dede, dated at Wynyarde, in Anno Domini 1283; and Peter Wykes, who had to wyfe Laderance, solde his wyfe's part of the said manner of Winyard to Sir John Lisle, Knight, who gave the same to Alane of Langton and Katharine his wyf, that was his daughter (fn. 16).
“Roger Fulthorpe and Alice his wyfe gave unto this Henry Langton and Margery his wyf the fourth part of the manner of Wynyard, as may appeere by their deed, &c. Ao 1316; which fourth part the said Roger and Alice had of the gifte of Phillippe de Cuylly.
“Thomas Langton, of Wynyard, was Chamberlayn and Chief Officer with Henry Percy Erle of Northumberland and Lord of Cockermouth, A. D. 1417, Anno quinto Henrici q'nto, and he did augment the manner-house of Wynyard, with new edifices and buildings, as appereth by indentures made betwixt him and the artificers, dated in Anno 2do of King Henry the Fifth.
“This Thomas Langton and Sibill his wyfe, lyeth buried in the porche of the parish church of Redmershill, under a tombe of alabastre, having both their portraictures ingraven very sumptuously.” (fn. 17)
The subsequent descent of the estate through Langton, Conyers, and Claxton, is sufficiently explained by the annexed Pedigree. The tenure of the estate is uniformly stated to be homage, fealty, suit of Court, and the service of half a knight's fee (fn. 18). In 1344 Henry and William Langton had a grant of free-warren in their manors of Wynyard and Redmarshall (fn. 19).
William Claxton, Esq. the third of his line who was owner of Wynyard (fn. 20), left his large estates to three coheirs; his daughters, Alice, wife of Sir William Blakiston; Anne, wife of William Jennison, Esq.; and Cassandra, daughter and heir of Elizabeth Lambert, his eldest daughter, deceased.
The estates were, it seems, offered to sale by these coheirs; for the following valuation occurs amongst the Trapps papers at Nidd (fn. 21).
|The mannor of Fulthorp, 160l. per annnũ 15 years' purchase||£2,400|
|The landes in Winyard, 140l. per annũ||2,100|
|The landes in Thorpthules, 60l. per annũ||900|
|Woods at Fulthorp, well worth to be sold at this present||400|
These severall mannors and landes of Fulthorp, Winyard, and Thorpthules, doe lye very comodiously, all joyning one to another, fruitfull of soile, and pleasant of situation, and so bewtified and adorned with woodes and groves, as noe landes in that parte of the contrie comparable unto them. Note also, that for the howses and buildings belonging thes landes, together with orchard, garden, dovecote, and the precincte, these are not valued with the landes in this particular, and are esteemed to be well worth 500l. Lastly, the yearlie rente, as above specified, will be upholden with good securitie, by sufficient able tennants, for twenty-one or a hundred years, as shall best like the owner to dispose.
In 1609, 22 Mar. 7 Jac. Francis Morley, Esq. and Cassandra his wife, sold their third part of the manor of Wynyard to William Jennison, Esq. (fn. 22)
29 Sept. 1627, Sir Thomas Ridell, Knt. Anthony Metcalfe, Gent. and Henry Liddell, Gent. took a third of the manor of William and Henry Jennison, Esquires, on trust for Liddell, who married Elizabeth, daughter of William Jennison, and of Anne Claxton (fn. 23).
15 July, 1629, William and Henry Jennison granted a third of the manor to Alexander Davison, merchant. In the same year Davison acquired another third from Sir Thomas Blakiston, Bart. (son of Sir William Blakiston and of Alice Claxton), Dame Mary his wife, and Ralph Blakiston, Gent. (fn. 24); and in 1683 the remaining third was also purchased by Davison from Henry Liddell, of Farnacres, Elizabeth his wife (formerly Jennison), and Thomas their son and heir (fn. 25).
The whole estate was thus re-united in Sir Alexander Davison, of Blakiston (fn. 26); but was separated from the last named estate, and became the property of Alexander Davison, Esq. (brother of John Davison, of Blakiston, Esq.) who died in 1702 (fn. 26), and left a son, another Alexander, who conveyed the estate to Thomas Rudd, Esq. Counsellor-at-law. Mr. Rudd again sold to John Tempest the elder, Esq. whose son, John Tempest, Esq. M. P. (after the death of his only son John Wharton Tempest,) devised to his nephew Sir Henry Vane, Bart. (fn. 27) In 1818 Lady Emily-Frances Vane, only daughter of Sir Henry and of Anne-Catharine, Countess of Antrim, intermarried with Charles Lord Stewart (fn. 28), in her right of Wynyard.
The house of Wynyard, one of the most handsome and convenient mansions in the district, stands without much advantage of prospect (fn. 29), surrounded by a country of deep clay; a fine piece of water stretches along the valley, edged with wood and lawn; there are some pleasing sheltered wood-walks; a handsome bridge crosses the head of the water, and forms the chief approach.
*** Raphe Claxton, of Wynyard, Esq. 10 Aug. 1549: “to the Erle of Westmorland my best gelding; to my sone Willyam my signet of goulde and one baye bawsand stoode maire and her foole; to my nephew Rauf Billingham my great gould ring and sylver cup and cover; to his brother Richard Billingham a quye; to Jane Hebborne a quye; to Anthony and Henry Hebborne; to Edward Anderson my bay nag I bought of Cuthbert Claxton; to my brothers Cuthbert and John Claxton; to Peter Riddell; daur Alice Billingham; sister Ellen Hall; to my brother Wm Claxton, one blacke satten dublett; [names several other relatives]. Daughters Alice Billingham, Anne and Elizabeth Claxton, executors; wife Elizabeth to have governance, &c.; brother-in-law Richard Hebborne, son John Billingham, brother Wm Claxton, and cousen Edward Dodsforth, executors. To my mother Ellen Errington. Witness, Sir Thomas Wall, Vicar of Grindon; Leonard Melmerbye, Prieste; Garmane Pawle, Gent. with others moo.”
William Claxton, Esq. leaves “to Lancelot Claxton my signett of goulde and a brod ingraven seale of my armes, and the Pedigree of myne auncesters, drawen in parchment.” [This Pedigree, or a duplicate, is now in the College of Arms, with several notes and extracts of deeds.]
Descent of Langton, Conyers, and Claxton, Lords of Winyard.
Arms: Argent, a lion rampant Sable within a bordure engrailed Gules, Langton; Azure, a maunch Or, charged with a martlet within an annulet for difference, Conyers; Gules, a fesse between three hedgehogs passant Argent, a mullet for difference, Claxton.
Thorpthewles (fn. 30),
This place had its early territorial owners, who assumed the local name (fn. 31). In the return of knights' fees, 1166, “Galfrid de Torp tenet dim. mil.;” and the same tenure of half a knight's fee is attributed to John de Thorp in the later Feodary (vol. I. p. cxxviii). Their descendants are only traced in numerous donations to Finchale Priory.
Omnibus, &c. Johannes fil. Galfridi de Torp. Sciatis me dedisse B. Marie et S. Godrico, et Priori et Monachis de Finchale, duas bovatas in villa mea de Torp, unam quam Ricard. fil. Aaliz tenuit, et aliam quam Wiltus fil. Bonde tenuit. T. Dũo Hemerico Archid. Dunelm., Dũo Henr. de Puteaco, Dũo Phõ Ulekottes, Jordano Escouland, Galfrido de Coigners, Roberto de Amundevill, Roberto fil. Meldredi, Gilberto Hansard, Wilto de Laton, Rogero Daudri, Walt'ro de Musters, Randulfo de Fisseburn, et multis aliis.
Omnibus, &c. Johannes de Thorp. Sciatis me pro salute anime mee et Patris et Matris mee, dedisse, &c. Dno et S. Cuthberto et Beato Goderico et Priori de Finchale, duas bovatas terre in villa de Thorp. T. Roberto filio Milonis de Parco, Wilto et Roberto de Redmershill, Capellanis, Petro de Corneshew, Wilto fil. Joh'is de Thorp, Rogero Clerico de Thurstanton (fn. 32).
Omnibus, &c. Wiltus fil. Joh'is de Thorp. Sciatis me dedisse, &c. Alano de Thorp Clerico, pro homagio et servitio suo, et pro triginta solidis argenti quas me dedit in Gerusamo, octo acras terre mee, vizt illas quas Joh'es de Fulthorp quondam de me tenuit in campo de Thorp. T. Dñis Hug. de Capella, Adã de Fulthorp, Galfrido de Parco, militibus, Elya de Aldacris, Nigello de Thorp, Roberto de ead. Clerico, Rado fil. Hulm. Gilleberto Franceys, Joh'e Belle, Hugon. de Cleveland, Rob. fil. Ade de Wyttone, et aliis (fn. 33).
These charters are followed or preceded by a grant from John de Thorpe to Nigel de Rungeton, of one oxgang “in villa mea de Thorpe,” and Nigel released to the Monks of Finchale. Maude, daughter of Godefrid de Thorpe, married Roger de Stotfaldia; and Stephen de Ellewyk, their grantee, gave to St. Goderic, and Ralph Prior of Finchale, all his lands in Thorpe, bargaining for the maintenance of three poor persons daily, and reserving the service of a pound of cumin to John of Ketton, who afterwards released all right in three oxgangs given by Stephen, and granted two other oxgangs with three cottages and tofts. Galfrid, son of John de Thorpe, ratified all the preceding donations, and gave other lands by charter (fn. 34). Robert de Thorpe confirmed a grant of three oxgangs, given by Robert de Minsterton. Charters also appear from Walter, of Shotton, and his heiress Cecily, of Thorpthewles, and from John Ward, of Thorpthewles (fn. 35). I am not aware of the total extent of lands covered by these various charters, nor into what hands the property fell at the dissolution; but the ancient Lords of Thorp disappear amidst this cloud of religious donations. At a later date the Hotons, Blakistons, and Bulmers held lands here. The property of the last-named family was perhaps considerable. By Ind. 6 May, 13 Hen. VIII. 1521 (fn. 36), Hugh, Prior of Durham, exchanged all the Prior's lands in Thorpthewles, Claxton, and Fishburne, for Sir William and Sir John Bulmer's lands in Durham and Monk-Wearmouth. Yet, in 1500, William, son and heir of Sir Ralph Bulmer, had released to Richard Conyers and Elizabeth his wife, Henry Radcliffe and Elizabeth, Richard Booth and Phillippa, and William Constable and Joan, all his right in Bulmer's lands in Thorpthewles, with warranty against the Abbot of Selby (fn. 37); and 10 July, 8 Eliz. 1566, Francis Constable, of Calthropp, Esq. and William his son and heir, granted their manor of Thorpthewles to John Swinburne, of Chopwell, Esq.
It has been seen, however, (under Wynyard,) that a considerable portion of the vill was vested in the heirs of Claxton; and 10 Feb. 10 Car. 1634, Sir Thomas Blakiston, Bart. granted to Alexander Davison, Alderman of Newcastle, all those lands called Thorpthewles, “and all his lands in Thorpthewles and elsewhere in the county of Durham, and all evidences and writings (fn. 38).” This conveyance seems to have included the last sweepings of the great Blakiston estate.
In 1684 the freeholders within the Constablery were, William Kendall, Gent. of West-hall, near Witton Gilbert; Robert Tweddell, Gent. of Dodgson, in Yorkshire; William Swainston, and John Davison, Esq. of Blakiston.
Pedigree of Kendal, of Thorpthewles.
Pedigree of Sedgwick, of Thorpthewles.
Pedigree of Tweddell, of Thorpthewles, co. Pal. and of Unthank and Threepwood, in Northumberland.
§ To whose memory a pleasing tribute of respect and affection has been paid by his brother, the Rev. Robert Tweddell, “Remains of the late John Tweddell, Fellow of Trin. Coll. Cambridge, being a selection of his letters, &c. together with a republication of his Prolusiones Juveniles,” 4 to. 1815. It shall only therefore be briefly stated, that this accomplished scholar and gentleman was educated at Hartforth, under the Rev. Matthew Raine (father of Dr. Raine, of the Charter-house), and after sometime spent with Dr. Parr, entered of Trinity College, Cambridge, where his classical acquirements, and particularly the elegance of his Greek and Latin compositions, soon opened his path to academical honours. In 1788 he gained the whole of Sir William Browne's prizes; in 1790 the Chancellor's medal; and in 1791 and 1792 the Member's prize for Middle and Senior Bachelors. Mr. Tweddell was elected Fellow of Trinity 1792. He entered of the Middle Temple soon after; but, in 1795, embarked for Hamburgh, and dying at Athens 25 July 1799, was buried in the Theseum. A handsome tribute is paid to his memory in Clarke's Travels, part iii. p. 534. Mr. Tweddell's letters, preserved by his affectionate brother, breath forth the very spirit of the poetical temperament, keen, quick perception and lively imagination, “scattering from her painted urn, thoughts that breath and words that burn,” sobered by that cast of melancholy and almost morbid sensibility, which often throws its dark shadow over the bright brief course of early excellence.
Clarus funere, barbarisque sanctus
Thesei, quicquid id est domo recumbis,
Felix! si tibi forsan inter umbras
Presentiscere fas sit, ossa tecum
Illo marmore quanta conquiescunt,
Tuæ te quoque quod tegant Athenæ.
Before 1240 William de Hamsterley gave a small portion of ground, particulam terræ, near his chief messuage in Wytton (Whitton) to the house of Sherburn (fn. 40), which already possessed here two oxgangs, given for the support of the Chapel in Whitton, and seven oxgangs, purchased from Alberic and Galfrid Fitz Richard (fn. 41).
At this day Sherburn Hospital holds considerable lands in Whitton, and the tithe of lamb and wool. The place seldom occurs in the freehold records. 6 Apr. 30 Hen. VIII. 1539, Robert Ayton, of Fishburne, granted all his lands in Whitton to Thomas Chipchase, of Sedgefield, yeoman, father of Robert Chipchase, 1613 (fn. 42), and grandfather of Thomas, 1674, whose grandson, Thomas Chipchase, died in 1763. John and Anne Metcalf (sister and coheir of Thomas Chipchase), and George, son of Elizabeth Atkinson, another sister, conveyed, in 1764, to Edward Davison, of Durham, whose son, the Rev. Edward Davison, of Elvet, is the present proprietor. In 1759 Edward Davison purchased other lands of William Campion, son and heir of Joseph, who was brother of William Campion.
In 1609 William Watson, of Thorpthewles, and Elizabeth acquired lands from Sir William Gascoigne, three messuages, six cottages and tofts, three gardens, an orchard, forty acres of arable, as many of meadow, as many of moor, and a hundred of pasture, in Whitton, Carleton, Stillington, and Bishopton (fn. 43). Anthony Watson (fn. 44), son of William, was living 1684, and probably derived his baptismal name from Anthony, Bishop of Chichester, son (according to Anthony à Wood) of Edward, and grandson of William Watson, of Thorpthewles. This Anthony was of Christ's College, in Cambridge, Fellow of Bennet's, Chancellor of Wells, Dean of Bristol 1590, and consecrated Bishop of Chichester 1596. He was Almoner to King James, and died and was buried at Cheam, in Surrey, in October 1605x.
Speaking of learned Bishops, this churche (Chichester) may saye their last have bene their best. Doctor Watson your Highnes (fn. 45) can remember his Majestie's Almoner; he was a very good preacher, preferred by the Queene, first to the Deanery of Bristowe, where he was wel beloved; and after to Chichester, where he was more honoured, if not beloved, for the course of his life and cause of his death. I might in some sort compare him to Bishop Vaghan, late of London; he grew somewhat corpulent, and having been sicke, and but newly recovered, adventured to travaile, to wayt in his place, and so by recydivation (fn. 46) he dyed (fn. 47).
The tythe-corne of Whitton belongs to Mr. William Eden, of Whitton, a papist; whereof two parts to be seqrd by Mr. William Watson, Edward Urwin, and Robert Chipchase, 1644. The above two parts are letten to the sd Mr. Eden for twenty nobles, and the seq'ron released.
The family of Hutchinson (fn. 48) have held property in Whitton for some time. The estate has been much improved by the present owner, George Hutchinson, Esq. who has a neat residence here.
*** “4 Nov. 1727, John Chipchase the elder, son and heir of Thomas, who was son and heir of Robert and Agnes, &c. mortgage to Margaret Shipperdson, of Hall Garth, widow. 1751 Mortgage transferred to William Scurfield; 1754 to Elizabeth Davison, spinster.” Johnson's MSS.
||| There are evident remains of entrenchments in a field betwixt Thorpe and Whitton, about half a mile to the Southwest of Thorpe. Mr. Hutchinson found, some years ago, a coin of Alexander Severus, on the right bank of the brook. G. H.