Diary of Thomas Burton Esq: Volume 1, July 1653 - April 1657. Originally published by H Colburn, London, 1828.
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Wednesday, December 3, 1656.
Mr. Pedley and Mr. Robinson. (fn. 1) For form's sake, it should be committed. By the common law, the Patron, Vicar, and Ordinary, joining, may let leases ut supra; but per statute, 13 Eliz., they are restrained. It alters the law, and so by the orders it ought to be committed, to hear what any body can say to it.
Major-General Kekey, Mr. Fowell, and Mr. Bond. There is no need to commit it, for none can except against it, seeing there is no power given by the bill to take fines, &c. but to let at a rack-rent, which (if that were observed in all corporations) it were no injury to grant such a liberty to all corporations in general.
An Act to enable Richard Carter, Esq. son and heir of John Carter, Esq. deceased, to sell lands for payment of the debts of the said John Carter the father, and Richard his son. Read the first time. His father's debts, three thousand pounds, wherein the son stands engaged per bond.
Colonel Rouse. He is sued. Judgments, executions, and ousters, against him; and in daily danger to be laid in prison. His rents of assize are one hundred pounds per annum; demesnes, four hundred pounds per annum. He desires this may be settled upon him, in fee for payment of debts, ut supra.
Mr. — (fn. 2) Scotch. It being appointed to be read another day, and it being now adjourned sine die, it ought not to be read without a new order to that purpose; so I would not have it read now.
An Act for settling Henry Whalley and Erasmus Smith in certain lands fallen to them by lots, upon the adventures in Ireland: acres, Irish measure, 11,750; formerly of the Lords of Ardes (fn. 3) and Glainboise.
They pretend that one may compound, per the Lord Protector's ordinance; and that the other has articles of war, (viz. Lord of Ardes.) It was desired that these lots, being cast in first, might, notwithstanding these claims, be settled upon them.
Sir John Reynolds and Colonel Markham. Would have some expedient found upon committing of the bill, to satisfy JudgeAdvocate Whalley some other way, for Lord Glainboise has compounded for these lands, according to the ordinance of his Highness. You ought to be tender, likewise, in the articles which Lord Ardes pretends to; hope you will use mercy rather than rigour.
Mr. Robinson. These adventurers ought to be specially respected; for they were the first that trusted you, as that gentleman told you. If you be not steady, who will trust you? I would rather violate the other claims, than those which were grounded upon so much trust and confidence in your cause, when it was but in its infancy. I speak it not for Judge-Advocate Whalley, nor for Mr. Smith. I know him not: but I speak for the justice and credit of your old cause. I would not have that trust violated, of all trusts whatsoever. The good old interest ought to be borne up.
Lord Lambert. Lord Glainboise did compound, and was to pay 10,000l., which was as much, if not more, than the estate were worth if it were to be sold. Lord Ardes, by the articles, was to enjoy his estate till the Parliament took further notice. Now the Parliament has taken further notice by the declaration, whereby time was given for such persons, with their estates, to be gone.
All parties have been heard, too and again, in this last case, both before the Committee of Articles (who thought they had power to hear, but not to determine,) and before his Highness and his council, who thought they had not power in it, so they were transferred into Ireland, to be relieved according to the orders and ordinances of Parliament.
I would have this committed, and if you find a clear right in these Lords, or either of them, to their estates, it may be provided some other way for the adventurers; for it may be other men's cases as well as theirs. But I would have you specially tender in performing your trusts and credits. I know that Judge-Advocate Whalley and Mr. Smith have taken a great deal of pains in the business.
The Master of the Rolls. If this adventure be taken from them, which they have assigned them by lot, they can never resort again; so by this means they lose the whole. I care not, so it be not totally lost. It was your first faith, and it may be well called an adventure; for Ireland was almost all lost when they adventured.
"The King made himself merry," said Luke Robinson, "by saying of these adventurers, that 'you carved the lion's skin before he was dead.'" I desire that it may be committed for the relief of the adventurers.
Major Waring. I am against the committing of this bill, for there are other trusts and faiths to be performed, and other members concerned. I desire that you would not take one and leave another, but consider all together. There are faiths of greater concernment unsatisfied.
Sir William Strickland and Major-General Kelsey. These adventurers should be satisfied out of the composition monies, (fn. 4) for you ought to take care of them that, out of mere conscience, trusted you, and to respect the justice of the Parliament and the army too.
Major Morgan. Lord Ardes' articles have been twice affirmed. Lord Glainboise hath done you more service than disservice. I would have them repaired; but, rather, that their estates might be assigned them in some other part of the nation; for in the North, (fn. 5) the Scotch keep up an interest distinct in garb and all formalities, and are able to raise forty thousand fighting men at any time, which they may easily convey over into the Highlands, upon any occasion; and you have not so much interest in them as you have in the inhabitants of the Scotch nation. I would have the adventurers have the lands fallen to them by lot; and the other claimers provided for elsewhere.
Resolved, That this Bill be committed in the Duchy Chamber (fn. 6) to-morrow.
Sir Gilbert Pickering and Mr. Highland. Against any such distinction of members. It is an ill precedent, and looks not like an union. Desire that they may be all named, and name as many as you will; but let them not be exclusively added.
Mr. Pedley brought in the bill for the relief of prisoners and creditors, (fn. 7) read the first time. Appointed to be read the second time on Tuesday next.
Mr. Speaker. It is time that I should leave the chair upon the business of the Scotch Union. (fn. 8)
Major-General Disbrowe. I would not hinder the bill for the Scotch Union, so desire another day for the bill for trial of actions in their proper counties. We have but a short time. (fn. 9)
Mr. Speaker. There was such a bill indeed, that no actions should be tried at the bar (fn. 10) but such as the justices appointed.
Sir Thomas Wroth, I shall not undertake to determine how long or how short a time we shall sit, so I would have you read the bill for recusants, (fn. 11) and go on to dispatch other business in order.
I would not have it solely left to the discretion of any persons to judge who are suspected to be recusants. This is too large a liberty. I would have rules in it. There are other things to which I could except, which I shall do at the committee.
2. Against the clause for marrying a Papist wife. The believing husband shall convert the unbelieving wife. (fn. 12)
Mr. Downing. That clause for marrying a papist wife is the best part of it. It is against the Scripture. Solomon cxccpts against it. (fn. 13) It was that which the late king lost not only two-thirds for, (fn. 14) but all; by marrying of a Popish woman.
Sir Gilbert Pickering. If a man shall renounce the supremacy of the Pope, and haply, in his own private opinion, may hold purgatory or some other thing in the oath, it is hard that for this he should be sequestered. I would have no man suffer for his bare opinion.
Mr. Picketing. The end is not to punish any for their opinions, but to reduce them to the obedience of the government. Great sums go out of this nation from the Papists, and great sums come from beyond seas for relief of poor Papists.
Resolved, on the motion of Mr. Croke, That the report concerning registers (fn. 15) be made on Friday.
Resolved, on the motion of Colonel Cox, That the Committee for Norwich stuffs do fill up the blanks. (fn. 16)
Drugo Wright, (fn. 17) brought to the bar. Confesseth he directed the subpœna to be served upon Colonel Wilton, which his attorney told him he might do. He is sorry for his fault.
Sir John Hobart. You will accept of his submission. He is an ignorant young fellow, and hearing that a messenger was gone down into Norfolk for him, he appeared gratis, and rendered himself to the Serjeant. I desire also, that: the order out, to apprehend the attorney, may be withdrawn.
Mr. Robinson. If you have such privileges I would have you to assert them, lest those without think you dare not own them. I doubt it is out of design to put these affronts upon you. I fear it makes others presume. You have had more complaints of this nature in this Parliament than in many years before. I would have you commit him till he petition to be discharged; and begin with him, to make examples.
Colonel Cox. A subpœna ought to be an extenuation of the offence. We are to judge by what things are, and not by what the offence will be. I would not have this gentleman strictlier dealt withall than others.
In the Painted Chamber sat James Noyler's (fn. 18) Committee. Nayler was called to answer to a new charge touching some unseemly communications between him and Martha, (fn. 19) his fellow prisoner. She stroked his head, and sat breast to breast, and desired him to go with her. He answered, he was not free, and several other particulars.
The Committee was ready to rise till Mr. Carey and Mr. Lister came in, and desired that Nayler might be asked something, as to the substance of the whole charge against him. The sense of the Committee was against asking him any more questions, lest it should intricate the report; yet, for their satisfaction, that all might be clear, he was admitted to speak; and being asked if he had any more to say, he told us that he doubted some had a design to entangle his innocency, and instanced in something that one said, the other day, at the Committee, (it was Mr. Downing,) We have gotten enough out of him. Nayler said, this hath stuck upon his spiritever since.
Yet, by good providence, the gentlemen that doubted, were more confirmed by his second answer; and acknowledged he said more, materially, in these last words, than in all the other times of his examination. The words were thus: —" I do abhor that any honour due to God should be given to me, as I am a creature. But it pleased the Lord to set me up as a sign of the coming of the Righteous One, and what has been done as I passed through these towns, I was commanded by the Lord to suffer such things to be done by me, as to the outward, as a sign, not as I am a creature."