Diary of Thomas Burton Esq: Volume 1, July 1653 - April 1657. Originally published by H Colburn, London, 1828.
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Tuesday, January 13, 1656–7.
This day the House sat again in a Grand Committee upon the Bill for the Excise, and proceeded till one.
Resolved, that the Parliament shall name commissioners for the excise, as it seems it always was in the customs, tonnage, and poundage.
Mr. Robinson said, this was subsidium, an aid, a tax upon the people, wherein the Protector had no negative.
The House divided. The Yeas 37. The Noes 29. Colonel White, Teller.
In the Speaker's chamber sat the Committee for high-ways, where the Surveyor-general, an old minister, (fn. 1) was examined as to all his mysteries in draining and mending highways, for which it seems he has a patent from his Highness: suspended to do any thing in it, a Parliament being so near to be called. The gentleman seems to deny himself much in it, and that he respects not gain, but for the common good. He would gratis discover his art, which, it seems, is experienced upon Sir — Penruddock's highways in the way to HamptonCourt.
In the middle room sat the Committee for the borders. (fn. 2) Mr. Fenwick in the chair; we dispatched it, and ordered Mr. Downing to report it.
In the duchy chamber sat the Committee of trade, where (if possible) Mr. Lloyd and Sir Christopher Pack would have had unvoted what was voted the 6th of January (fn. 3) for a free trade, and seemed to dispute the power of that Committee to present a Bill to the House in a matter of that consequence; till they first acquainted them with the vote that passed.
With much ado, it was resolved, that a Committee be appointed to bring in a Bill for a free trade, &c.
The business of Aulnegers, came into examination, and their mala-administration at Colchester, upon a petition thence. Council was there, but I could not stay the result.
In the Exchequer chamber sat the Committee for fens, Mr. Pedley.
(Whitehall, January 13.)
This day James Nayler was conveyed from Newgate to Bristol, there to receive the remainder of his sentence. (fn. 4)