Cecil Papers: October 1600, 16-31

Pages 353-371

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 10, 1600. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.

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October 1600, 16–31

Ro. Brerewood, Mayor of Chester, to the Council.
1600, Oct. 18. On receipt of theirs of the 10th, he called before him the masters and mariners of the ships in this port laden and to be laden with provisions for Ireland, and delivered to them the gracious regard her Majesty had to their quiet passage by causing some of her ships to ply down into those parts. He then charged them to put to sea, which they did this morning, being two barques.—Chester, 18 October, 1600.
Holograph. 1 p. (250. 58.)
W. Waad to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 19. Sends the bearer, Henry Gilliot, of whose honesty he has had 20 years' experience. He will perform any service Cecil commits to him with care and secrecy.—19 Oct., 1600.
Holograph. ½ p. (250. 21.)
Jo. Evelyn to William Temple.
1600, Oct. 20. Is much beholden to Temple for his advertisement, and the occasion thereby offered him to clear the suspicion which might be conceived of want of duty and affection on his part towards “his Lordship” [Essex]. Protests his devotion to his Lordship's service, of which at all times he has given testimony.
Finds it true that his brother sent his servant to Mr. Crompton, requesting Crompton to move his Lordship for payment of an old debt; and the servant upon an unkind answer from Crompton did, out of his foolish and choleric humour, utter some such speech as Crompton reports; but it is untrue that it was done with his brother's privity.—Chancery Lane, 20 Oct., 1600.
Signed. 1 p. (82. 8.)
The Privy Council to the High Sheriff of Worcester.
1600, Oct. 20. Whereas you have received letters from us for the taking of sufficient bail of William Coles of Hallo, Worcestershire, gent., being convicted and condemned of recusancy, to appear before us, we find you have neither performed what we required nor vouchsafed us any account of your proceedings; only we have heard a thing reported that the prisoner should remain in execution, where on the other side we are credibly informed that you have received no such writ of execution out of any of her Majesty's Courts of Record. We require you either to satisfy without delay the contents of our former letter, or that you give us good satisfaction why you do it not, and what is the cause you have not all this time made answer to our letters, as had becomed you in such a case.—Court at Richmond, 20 Oct., 1600.
Signed, T. Buckhurst, G. Hunsdon, W. Knollys, Ro. Cecyll. 1 p. (82. 9.)
Jno. Hopkenes, Mayor of Bristol, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 20. Acknowledges Cecil's letter of the 17th inst. for the President of Munster, which he despatched for Cork by Andro Diver on the 18th.—Bristol, 20 October, 1600.
Signed. ½ p. (250. 53.
Henry Lok to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 20. I was requested to come this day to you to Court with another gentleman from the Earl of Argyle, about some business of his, for his despatch before the Parliament, which he earnestly affects, as well to strengthen Mar and his friends as to prevent Hontley. But it being late before he resolved, and hearing that M. de Rohan and the Barbarian were both or one expected at Court to-day, which might much interrupt your leisure, I thought good to dissuade his sending until you came hither, which I suppose may be within a day. But that you may have a taste of his message, I thought good to prepare you notice and induction to effect his desire, if you so like, by these lines. The scope consists especially in a grateful acknowledgment of her Majesty's extraordinary favour, and insinuation into your love, a petition of a placket for some horse for his own use to be had into Scotland, and a pass for his trunks by sea, and posthorse for his company by land. The Lord of Weames likewise commends, by these enclosed lines, his particular to your consideration, with promise of service in Scotland presently, and in Prance perpetually; and to give further taste of his ability, he makes me an overture, by one of his, long married at Bruges and serving the Spaniard, who shall attend on the Spanish affairs, and advertise wisely and honestly, having articulated with the Lord at St. Valeris two good errands to remain at Court in Spain, and on the frontiers there, and to return hither and thither as occasion may serve. There is farther by J. Mowbray a course taken here with a sufficient person, who, if conditions answer expectation, will effect the Northern Irish purpose : of which to dilate I omit till you repair hither, only making the generals known, in respect it may be you shall hold meet to acquaint her Majesty with some part before your coming hither. Thus by the Earl being requested to crave a certain time of your coming hither, that if it be delayed we may attend you at Court, I humbly commend my service to you.—Strand, 20 October, 1600.
Holograph. 2 pp. (250. 62.)
The Enclosure :
James Colvill, of Ostrennes, to Sir Robert Cecil. I send this bearer that by you I may know her Majesty's will towards me, as also to signify some other particular, if it may be agreeable.—London.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“Lord Wemmes.” ½ p. (250. 61.)
The Master of Gray to Cardinal Borghese.
1600, Oct. 21. After my departure from Home, as I remained in no certain place, I had no opportunity of writing to your Reverence, but now, being in London on my way to Scotland, I send these lines to the Nuncio with the Archduke of Brabant who may send them to you. There are no new occurrences which are not almost better known at Rome. The war of the King of France against the Duke of Savoy sufficiently appears to have originated from Spain, but whether the war shall be prolonged or peace be suddenly made, next winter will make clear. Peace is being treated of between the Queen of England and the King of Spain, but nothing concluded. The King of France strove to the best of his ability against any agreement, but cautiously and as doing something. I think the King of Spain is opposed to peace; at any rate the Archduke is, who nevertheless in Flanders this past summer has carried on the war with ill-fortune. But (as he says) he perceives no profit from an English peace without a Dutch one also. Here in England is nothing new : in Ireland, the war continues more numidico. In Scotland, all things are in an uproar, and the ministers sufficiently favour Calvinism. The King does his utmost to oppose, not for religion's sake but on account of the offence to his own majesty and authority. What things were done on the King's behalf at Rome during the past winter are well known to the Queen. I think the King truly favours the Catholics, since they have undertaken nothing hitherto against his will. The Earl of Gowrie and his brother have been beheaded, the King himself being present. What a certain Aulicus has written to me, here receive, and for interpreter use James Scavens, the Scot. I shall return to Belgium in two months, when I will write all things exactly.—London, 12 Calends of November, 1600.
[Postscript.]—Whereas I have represented what was done in the King's name in Home to be better known to the Queen than to me, I have now gathered that it was revealed by the King himself to her. What Crichton and Dromond have asserted as to the King's religion is most false, for within a few days the King has dedicated a little book to his son, by which he conjures him towards Calvinism. Therefore what money has been or shall be sent to Scotland is seed cast on the sand. I grieve to have suffered at Home from the injuries of rogues.
Endorsed :—“Copy of the Master of Gray his letter to the Cardinal Borgesse.”
Latin. 2 pp. (82. 22.)
Sale of Jewels.
1600, Oct. 22. Old jewels “praised” by Hugh Kayle, goldsmith, and Jan. Spillman, jeweller, taken out of the Tower of London by her Majesty's commandment, 17 and 22 Oct., 1600 :
639 small diamonds, 700l., includes 60 small rock diamonds uncut, 35 cut, 4 bigger, 540 very small, with collettes and without. 650 rubies, 250l., includes 20 rock rubies of the bigger sort, 100 of a lesser, 530 very small, whereof some are in collettes. 110 ballaces, 120l., includes 2 table ballaces, foul, and 108 ballaces very foul. 70 sapphires, very foul and ill coloured, 20l. 258 “emroddes” very foul, only fit for apothecaries, 53s. 4d. Divers Dutch agates and other counterfeit stones, 280 oz., 26l. 13s. 4d.
One bunch of 53 gold rings set with sapphires, 85l. 12s. 6d. Bunch of gold rings set with rubies, garnets and spynnelles, 167l. Rings of gold set with “turkases,” 56l. 17s. 6d. Bunch of gold rings set with “emroddes,” 33l. 15s. 2 bunches of gold rings set with camewes, cornelions and other counterfeit stones, 68l. 15s. [Margin :—For the Court.] 20 buttons of gold set with 4 pearls apiece and “trulue” [?true-love] knots, 100l. [Margin :—For the Court.] 250 orient pearl taken from the gowne, 206l. Round pearl, 21l. Meaner pearl taken from the same gown, 40l. White “raged” pearl, 32l. Great “raged” pearl, 5l. “Raged” pearl, 18l. Six bunches of pearl threaded, 80l. 5 bags of small seed pearl, 250l.
Chains of gold : 1 set with small pearl, 35l.; 1 with 6 pearl, 10l.; 1 with 20 pearl, 20l.; 1 with 15. diamonds and 14 rubies, 60l.; 1 set with diamonds, rubies and 6 pearl in a knot, 30l.; 1 set with “turkases” and a bottle hanging at it, 12l.; 1 set with sparks of rubies and a bottle hanging at it, 15l.
One chain of iron set with small rubies and pearl, and garnished with gold, 12l. Girdle of gold set with pearl, 9l. Whistle of gold set with 5 diamonds, 5 rubies, and 1 small “anker” of gold with an anker of diamond, 100l. One book of gold set with mean diamonds, rubies and sapphires, 30l. One dial of gold set with sparks and rubies, diamonds and 1 pearl pendant, 8l. 1 George of gold set with diamonds, 20l. 1 bottle of agate gar[nished] with gold, 20s. 1 crucifix of gold with a “kamewe,” 50s. 1 “bruche” of gold with a “kamew,” 13s. 4d. 1 jewel of gold set with 2 counterfeit stones, 20s. 1 casting bottle of silver and iron, garnished with gold, small diamonds, rubies and “emroddes,” 8l. 1 crucifix of gold garnished with “purslyn” and garnets, 15l. 1 knife with a sheath of gold, garnished with rubies and “turkases,” 10l. 2 small clocks of crystal, garnished with gold, 5l. 13 cases of “calsedon” with pictures in them, garnished with gold, 9l. 2 clocks of gold, 5l. 1 sundial of gold with a sapphire in the top, 30s. 1 pillar of “purslyn,” garnished with gold, 10s. 36 “brunches” of gold set with counterfeit stones, 36l. 2 round bracelets of gold set with 8 small diamonds and 8 small rubies, 10l. 6 small bracelets of gold set with slight stones, 6l. 13s. 4d.
6 pair of beads of agate : some counterfeit stone and some beads of gold, 10l. 6 pair of beads of “Lapis Lazarus” and some gold amongst them, 6l. 7 pair of beads of blue glasses, with some gold amongst them, 5l. 7 pair of beads of “calsedon,” with some gold amongst them, 6l. 10 pair of beads of crystal and “amates,” not orient, with some gold and silver amongst them, 12l. 5 pair of beads of “jacent,” some counterfeit amongst them and some gold, 40s. 2 pair of beads of “raged” pearl and gold, button fashion, 3l. 14 pr. of beads of coral, with some gold and silver amongst them, 10l. 13 pair of beads of fish eyes, fish bones, black “amell” wood, and some gold amongst them; 12 pair of beads of green glasses, counterfeit stones, “cornelion,” jet, arid “amell,” with some gold amongst them; and 1 pair of beads of musk and gold, 10l. [Margin :—For the Tower.] 1 purse of black velvet wherein are antiquities weighing 15¾ oz.
22 October, 1600.—Jewels [ap] praised by Jan. Spillman and Leonard Bushe, jewellers.
A dagger with a handle of palfrey and a sheath of gold garnished with diamonds, rubies and “emroddes,” 240l. 46 small pendant pearl taken from the tassel of the dagger, 7l. Mean pearl taken from the tassel of the dagger, 21l. 25 sparks of diamonds and 2 small roses of diamonds set in gold, 12l. 2 small rock rubies and 30 sparks of rubies, 8l. A rich garter set with diamonds, pearl and rubies, 489l. George of gold set with diamonds, 66l. 13s. 4d. 4 small Georges, 15l. 6s. 4d. A small chain of gold with a small George of gold, 13l. 2s. Od. 8 rings of gold set with 8 fair diamonds, 400l. 12 rings of gold set with 12 lesser diamonds, 200l. 24 rings of gold set with mean diamonds and counterfeit diamonds, 188l. 8 buttons of gold set with 8 diamonds, 220l. 8 buttons of gold set with small diamonds, one counterfeit, 108l. 3 buttons of gold set with 3 “emroddes,” 5l. 10s.. 19 buttons of gold set with 2 pearl apiece, 25l. An upper “billyment” containing 9 pieces of gold set with 9 great pearl, and another “billyment” of gold containing 9 pieces of gold set with 2 pearl apiece, 33l. 9 buttons of gold set with 5 small diamonds apiece, 47l. George of gold set with diamonds, 22l. 7 “brouches” of gold enamelled and set with diamonds, 165l. 10s. Part of a “billyment” of gold containing 8 pieces of gold set with great half pearl, 19l. A chain of gold set with small diamonds and rubies, 22l. 12s. 6d. A small wire chain with a jewel like a ship set with diamonds and a great “raged” pearl pendant, 93l. 2 small carcanetts con taining 18 pieces of gold set with pearl or diamonds, 48l. 5s. 9 buttons of gold set with 9 small diamonds, 30l. 3 buttons of gold set with 2 rubies and one “ponted” diamond, 23l. 2 buttons of gold set with 2 table diamonds, 16l. 3 buttons of gold set with pearl, 5l. 1 small carcanet of gold containing 35 pieces of gold, 18 set with pearl, 9 with diamonds and 8 with rubies, 24l. A defaced carcanet set with 12 pearl, 16l. 21 rings of gold set with rubies, 105l. 5 rings of gold set with sapphires, 20l. The handle of an old fan of gold garnished with small stones, 117l. 1 circle of gold enamelled, 10l. 12s. 6d. 1 small circle of gold set with small rubies and “emroddes,” 14l. 1 small circle of gold set with small diamonds and rubies, 27l. 8oz. of gold, 20l. Sum total, 7,261l. 17s. 10d.
Jewels brought by Mr. Sackford. [Margin :—For the Court.] 1 great sapphire unset and a great “amateste” set in gold, 50l. 28 “collettes” of gold set with sapphires and an “emrodde” set in gold, 150l. 1 carcanet of gold containing 20 knots of pearl and 20 pieces of gold like crosses set with garnets and “emroddes,” 15l. 2 casting bottles, the one of gold the other of steel, set with 2 agates, small rubies and diamonds, 26l. 13s. 4d. 1 bunch of gold rings, set with small diamonds, 50l. 64 rings of gold set with “ballaces,” “amates,” topazes and garnets, and one of them a great ring with a doublet in it, 50l. Divers “amates,” garnets and other counterfeit stones, 40s. Sum, 343l. 13s. 4d.
7 clocks garnished with silver, 3 set with “course” stone and pearl, 10l. 2 small “tuche” boxes of jet garnished with silver, 5s. 2 small flasks of mother of pearl, 5s. 1 sundial within a crystal, with a small chain of silver and gilt, 5s. 2 green glasses, 1 garnished with silver and gilt, 20s. 40 counters of silver gilt, 20s. Sum total, 3,176l. 13s. 8d.
In gold, from jewels defaced, 468¼oz. at 50s. an oz., 1,170l. 12s. 6d. (sic; should be 1,670. 12s. 6d.).
In broken silver, 110oz. at 4s. an oz., 18l. (sic; query, error for 90oz.)
Sum total, 4,365l. 6s. 2d.
Endorsed by Cecil :—“Concerning sale of jewels.” 12 pp. (82. 2.)
Julius Caesar and Roger Wilbraham to [Sir Robert Cecil].
1600, Oct. 22. They have heard the controversy between Gregory Cyampantie and William Conradus, touching certain tenements in London. Details of their proceedings with the parties, whom they have been unable to persuade to an agreement.—22 Oct., 1600.
Signed as above. Endorsed :—“The Masters of the Requests.” ½ p. (82. 10.)
Frances, Lady Burgh to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1600, Oct. 22.] She has perused “their” letters to the Queen, but finds in them no further cause for their detaining her right than they wrote formerly : which was then thought idle by Sir Jeffry Fenton and others of experience. They say they have now sent over a person instructed to attend such trial of the cause as her Majesty shall appoint. It rests with Cecil to signify her Majesty's pleasure in the matter, and she will attend the hearing. She hopes by Cecil's means Mr. Lester shall be bound to stand to such order as shall be made.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“The La : Burgh. 22 Oct., 1600.” 1 p. (250. 56.)
Munitions of War.
1600, Oct. 23. Note of such things as were adjudged and set down to be munitions or provisions of war, by the Council's orders of 27 Feb., 1589 and 16 Jan., 1591, and by a Commissioners' order of 18 Sept., 1597.
Endorsed :—“23 Oct., 1600.” 2 pp. (82. 11.)
Patrick Arthur to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 23. After many cross fortunes God sent us a merry passage. The next day after we arrived at the harbour I landed the men and brought them to the town, where the day following they were mustered by Mr. Johnes, the muster master, who dealt somewhat hardly with me, in regard he would take no notice of those whom I could not bring to the field that were sick after the sea and drunk in the town, so as by poll he found of the number I brought with me but 377. The next day after I arrived the ship of Milford arrived at Kinsale, and brought with her but few men, so as there did appear to the muster master but 25. The master of the ship and their conductor were examined, and they leave the blame upon the Mayor of Harford, who would in no sort assist them with watch, and suffered of them that were left to run away before his face, and would in no sort guard them to the ship. He received the company strong to Harford, as by the indenture here enclosed you may understand, and how they were gone. So soon as my Lord President heard of my arrival, he sent me direction to arm the company and march with them to him, and having received 400 arms by his warrant, I armed 400 of the company and marched with them to him, leaving behind me of those that hid themselves armed, some few, part of which are found out by the Mayor of Cork, and those that I had no arms for, the muster master took order for them. Some few fell sick in their march, who were kept here. How these companies are disposed of, I doubt not but you shall be advertised of. If any report be made of the insufficiency or strength of them, I desire you not to impute the fault in me, but in the cross fortune we had from time to time at sea, which brake many of the soldiers' hearts, although they are something recovered. The number that was in the ship of Milford when I embarked them was stronger than I received them of the country.—Moyallo, 23 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1600.” 1 p. (82. 14.)
The Enclosure :
This indenture witnesseth that Thomas Harryes of Broughton, Hampshire, and Thomas Musgrove of Bristol, deputy conductors under Captain Patrick Arthur, came to the town of Haverfordwest on 2nd of Oct. with 188 soldiers, where they lodged and dieted, and remained altogether for 4 days, and then 4 ran away, and 30 on Tuesday night, 13 on Wednesday night, 50 on Thursday night, and afterwards 25, so as there went away in all 122, who were pursued to the parishes next to the said town by the constables and burgesses with hue and cry, with the commandment that the hue and cry should be followed till these soldiers should be brought back. The rest, 66, have remained here till the 13th, 11½ days at 8d. a piece, which, with all other charges amounting to [blank], has been paid by Thomas Powell, Mayor of Haverfordwest, and also 40s. to Harryes and Musgrove.
Undated. Signed by Powell. 1 p. (82. 13.)
W. [Chaderton], Bishop of Lincoln, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 23. Again recommends Dr. Parker for the Deanery of Lincoln : or if Cecil cannot prevail therein, then Dr. Clayton, Master of St. John's College, Cambridge, one of his Grace of Canterbury's chaplains, or Dr. Reniger, one of the residentiaries there. Reasons for not appointing a stranger. The last Dean sought by all means he could devise to infringe, not only the statutes and decrees, but also all the ancient orders, privileges and customs of that Church.
Touching the Ecclesiastical Commission for the diocese, he refers it to Cecil's wisdom. He does not greatly desire it himself, yet for the good of the Church and the subjects he thinks it most needful. For want thereof both the Ecclesiastical laws and persons, and the ordinary jurisdiction, are grown into such contempt and disorder as without that they cannot be reformed, and hardly with it.—Haliwell, 23-October, 1600.
Signed. 1 p. (250. 52.)
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 24. Recommends Mr. Vadrey, a gentleman of Cheshire, of an ancient house and a convenient living, who desires to serve Cecil.—Sheffield, 24 Oct., 1600.
Signed. ½ p. (82. 15.)
W. Monoux to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 24. It much dismayed me when I found that your Honour misconceived of my endeavours, but more am I discouraged when I must be forced to justify myself, while in the mean time the course purposed will be apparent, myself left disgraced, and yet the service not performed. If you be offended in anything, if I be called and heard, I can purge myself; but I beseech you carry an indifferent opinion till the end which of force must discover me, and then I shall prove (and would yesterday also if your Honour had been so favourably patient) that I have done nothing but what was necessary inductions to the service, considering the parties I am to deal withal. There must be a trust reposed and somewhat to my discretion referred, and in this business of necessity protraction used. Therefore I beseech you I be yet further trusted, and if you find me not in the whole course to have sincerely demeaned myself, I am content to forfeit my liberty during life.
I am not of so daring a discretion to tamper with a personage of your rank, nor of so desperate a hope to ruin my family by quitting my country. Wherefore again I entreat you, let me be referred to some one of judgment with whom I may negociate, for to attend your Honour will engender a mistrust; besides, my using to the woman must not be interrupted by Okey nor herself molested. By some bond taken of me for appearance, I may seem to he discharged. And whereas heretofore I was loth to have a warrant dormant, I beseech you that I may now have one granted me very forcible and powerful, for I will apprehend him in my own person when or wheresoever I see him.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1600, 24 Oct. Captain Monox.” 1 p. (181. 32.)
Thomas Honiman to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 24. I have moved privately to Semple the Scotsman the charges your Honours have been at with the Lion's Whelp in keeping her men aboard to guard them, which otherwise should have been long before discharged. I told him of the charges of unlading them, with the just cause you had to do it, and to confiscate their goods, being merely provisions of much importance to the enemy, and as such Dr. Cæsar would sentence them as confiscate, and when you would free them to be here sold, it were great favour. Notwithstanding this, if they Would be bound to go for Genoa, and not into Spain, with these provisions, paying the charges you have been at, I would labour their release for Genoa : whereupon Semple offered his bill for 80l. towards paying the charges, and the other two masters 20l. More than this I could not have of them. The pipe staves that are here worth 40s. per 1,000 are often sold in Spain for 7l. and 8l. the 1,000 : so in no wise can they endure to hear they shall be tied to sell them here.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“1600, Oct. 24.” 1 p. (250. 3.)
Sir J. Popham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 24. If you had been here I had delivered these enclosed to you myself. I doubt not, when you have perused them, you will find that good may grow of the well handling of it, wherein your direction shall be followed. It is the same man that discovered the matter of the Tower, which I informed you of. I thought good, before I acquainted my Lords here with it, to acquaint you with the matter, as in my opinion fit to pass fewest hands, and these such as best know how to deal and direct in matters of this nature and secrecy.—Star Chamber, Friday, 24 October, 1600.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Lord Chief Justice.” 1 p. (250. 57.)
Hughe Armynge, Mayor, and Aldermen of Hull to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 25. They beg his furtherance in behalf of those of Kingston-upon-Hull who have suffered grievous losses by the King of Denmark, and who now renew their complaints. They send by the bearer, their solicitor in the cause, the small yearly tribute due to Cecil. They have shipped the red deer from Lord Sheffield, and beg Cecil to accept from them the charges of the freight. There is overdue to them 600l. upon a Privy Seal, and they ask his advice as to the course to be taken to recover it.—Hull, 25 October, 1600.
Signed as above. Endorsed :—“Mayor and Aldermen of Hull.” 1 p. (250. 9.)
Mons. de la Fontaine to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 25. His son in law Abraham Harderet has been obliged to take in payment a good quantity of wine from French merchants. The vintners will in no wise buy it, nor allow it to be distributed within the liberties of London. Having obtained licence from Sir Walter Ralegh, and a house in St. Martin's where to sell it, he prays Cecil's recommendation to the head-borough and other officers of St. Martin's to allow a free sale thereof.
Holograph. Undated. French. Endorsed :—“25 October, 1600.” 1 p. (250. 40.)
Edw. Darcy to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 25. I entreat your furtherance to the Council for signing my letters of assistance. They are, according to my Lord Keeper's appointment, drawn by Mr. Attorney, save only that authority is given to a pursuivant to bring up offenders, which my Lord Keeper appointed to be set down. I am bold to trouble you herein, for I protest I shall be a great loser this year, and forced to pay her Majesty's rent on my own charges if expedition be not taken. Mr. Waade and Mr. Smith have the original to present with the rest.—Dartford, 25 October, 1600.
Holograph. 1 p. (250. 55.)
Sir Robert Cecil to Nicolson.
1600, Oct. 27. Because I have, since the arrival of Sir Harry Broncard, used too long silence, I will now acquaint you with such things as are fit for you to know. To the charge which he had received from her Majesty to deal with the King, concerning his proceeding towards Rome and other places in enmity with her Majesty, he hath brought back a verbal satisfaction besides his particular letter, wherein he doth deny many things which they have done to be any way done with his privity. Her Majesty hath very lately spoken with Mr. Ham : who dealt with her lately concerning amity, which her Majesty hath not denied, but only put off, commanding me to let fall unto him of myself divers particulars which are lately come to her Majesty's knowledge, which is, that the King hath written with his own hand to Criton, that he hath written to the Pope to believe him, subscribed humilissimus filius, and that he hath received a letter from the Duke of Florence very lately, who did write unto him to advertise him that in his opinion he did not choose the best means for such purposes. Criton and Dromont are despatched, and have been at Paris, and though it may be that the King will think this matter discovered only by the Master of Gray or such like, yet the King is deceived if he do not conclude that all Italy rings of it, for I protest to you bona fide that nothing is so common as that the King will follow the French King's example—of all which I write, not as believing that the King hath done all this, but that you may know that these lewd persons whom he hath employed do either counterfeit his hand or else this is a truth, for it is certainly delivered even by divers cardinals at Rome that the King hath promised to hear disputation for the Pope's satisfaction, so as he may have money to maintain a guard about him. Besides, we know that Ballandyne, who resides with the Bishop of Glasco, is gone to Rome, and the Bishop of Verona who dwelt at Avignon, a Scottishman, is come from Rome, and is at Avignon in France, with whom Criton and Dromond have been, and there are now divers points in negotiation toward the erecting of a commonwealth for Popish causes at Paris, where the Bishop of Paris and the Scots Ambassador must have sufficient authority to manage all business concerning the reduction of Scotland to popery, which shall be most to the benefit of the cause, which receiveth much detriment by the slowness of the negotiations which pass between Rome and Scotland. These men have direction to make remonstrance to the Pope, to deal with him concerning spiritual livings in Scotland, and to have some provision for 400 footmen and 200 horse, and all for a guard for him, and all upon suggestions that the King is willing to convert, but doubteth insurrections in his own country. These and twenty such things are broached by these fellows, that would lick their fingers if they could finger money, and I am afraid that some about the King are negotiators concerning these things for their own particular benefit; and this is certain, that in the Court of France nothing is so rife as these discourses, where, in my conscience (howsoever the King may be persuaded of such fast friendship) all is not gold that glistereth, neither will I ever believe that the Court of France, although it could be contented that the King should still give jealousy to England, would ever wish those two crowns united. I doubt not but the King will have heard of the Master of Gray's coming hither, and of his going down towards Scotland. For the first, I can say no more than this, that I find him very witty, of good discourse, and to speak freely to you, he keepeth no secret that he hath reason to be very doubtful of the King's favour, so as I perceive he dare not venture into Scotland before he have made his peace. He is now upon the Border, and, as I hear, hath a meaning to send for his wife to some English gentleman's house where he is acquainted, whereof he doth not want divers, having been, as you know, so many times employed in England, and so well friended in this Court. He was with Preston, the King's Ambassador, before he departed, and they say both wrote and spake plainly to the King what he heard in Italy, whereof I would be glad to know what you have heard in Scotland. I do use Hamilton here with a form, as he may not complain that he is neglected, for then peradventure you should be the worse used; to tell you plain truth, seeing the man is religious, I think it were not amiss to let him remain as he doth, for we may have a worse. Here hath been with me L. Archingross, with whom I had made some contract for some company of Scots, but I have received letters even since his departure from Loughfoyle, whereby I understand that more Irish are come to him, so as for winter Mr. Archingross shall not need to trouble himself with that point, for her Majesty's mind is changed, and she will suspend the service of any Scots until the Spring, at which time I will be glad to have Archingross his opinion and help, because I know him silent and discreet. I pray you let him know this much, because he may not engage himself in any charge. I did give him 20l. for his journey. I pray you commend me to [blank in MS.] and tell him that, seeing I understand that he findeth such inconvenience to live about the Court, as he would not do it in any respect of his own, but only in respect of holding correspondency with me, that I will in no case impose upon him any such condition, but will remain thankful for the good offices I have found him disposed to perform, being sorry at my heart that he enjoyeth not the best place in that Court about the King, seeing he carrieth a mind so disposed and resolved to do good offices between both princes, of which kind I assure you I find very few of that country. You know, seeing yourself did write, that but in respect of his desire to do good offices he had no meaning to live about the Court, that it were a folly for me to make a gentleman change the whole course of his life for such a matter as I could bestow on him out of my poor private purse. The other gentleman whom you recommended unto me hath carried himself like a man indeed that would do service, for he would never be seen to come at me but once even now at his parting in the company of [blank in MS.] I gave him now 100l., and have promised him 200l. by the year, whereof this is one, in case I find that he do give either you or me true and unpartial advertisements, whereupon I may make true judgment, for I protest unto you, although I am sorry to have so good proof and cause to believe so much as I do, yet I do believe that many things are made worse than they are, for in my conscience there was some purpose in Gowry to have made a welter in that kingdom. Concerning yourself, I can write no certainty, but I have moved her Majesty for some lease for you, who hath promised that she will be good unto you, and that shortly, but it is true that her Majesty's sale of her lands being not yet at an end (which will be between this and the next term) she is resolved to stop all such grant until then, because leases in reversion make her lands worse sold, and she hath any time this quarter of this year denied all her servants upon that ground, which if she should break now at the present, a hundred needy persons would set them upon her. The Earl of Argile hath been with the Q., who seemeth to be a gentleman of small discourse. The Q. used him very well in public form; other audience she gave him none. And having now advertised you of all things that have passed, I commit you to God.
Because there is now another secretary, and that in my absence letters may come, I pray you from henceforth direct your letters in such form that the ordinary advertisements be in one letter and the private in another, for which purpose direct your letters thus as is enclosed.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endorsed :—“Minute to Nicholson, Oct. 27, 1600.” 12 pp. (82. 15/2.)
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 27. Acknowledges Cecil's letters of the 12th and 22nd inst. Is suffering from sickness. Expresses his entire approbation of Cecil's wise and most affectionate counsels; yet trusts Cecil is not distasted with him for not making so sudden a divorce as was advised from his philosophical resolution, as Cecil terms it. Cecil thanks him for certain red deer, and says that he (Shrewsbury) shows his greatness amongst the beasts of the field. Confesses he now places his ambition that way, because he would be good for something in the few days he has yet to come, having spent already 48 years most idly. Perceives his dear good mother-in-law means quite to overthrow him in the late purchase he made, wherein he is resolved to stand, so far as he may justify in honour, conscience, and law. Begs Cecil to suspend his judgment thereon till he sends the particulars. Cecil's letter gave them the first notice of the great match in Chancery. They poor countrymen hold the actions of all the great magistrates of the state in such reverence, as though they sometimes admire them, they dare never censure. His wife presents her commendations.—Sheffield, 27 Oct., 1600.
Holograph. 1 p. (250. 8.)
J. Savile and Jo. Broograve to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 27. As to a suit respecting a lease before them in the Duchy Court, between Goddard and John Lyster, one of Cecil's servants, in whose behalf they received Cecil's letters. On examination they could find no just cause to confirm Lyster's lease, and ordered the same against him.—Westminster, 27 October, 1600.
Signed as above. 1 p. (250. 51.)
Francis Bacon to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct., 28. Because time is material, and I doubt my Lord Keeper and you will not meet so soon as importeth, I send you the draft of a letter which it might please you to reform and sign, and then my Lord Keeper, whom I moved and found willing to join with you, but yet referred me to a conference with you, may despatch it before you are like to meet.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“28 Oct., 1600.” 1 p. (250. 4.)
Elizabeth, Lady St. Leger to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 28. Prays to have the benefit of the law against her malicious slanderer. Has lost three husbands in the Queen's service. Doubts not that the Lord President has resolved the Council of her innocence : notwithstanding which he enjoins her not to prosecute the matter against Denham for the slander. Prays that she may take such course against her accuser as the law permits.—Cork, 28 Oct., 1600.
Holograph. 1 p. (82. 16.)
J. Herbert to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 28. On receipt of your letter I willed Mr. Windebank to draw a safe conduct for the Viscount of Rohan and M. de Subise his brother. He fears he can hardly despatch it in time this night, yet I mean to tarry as late as I can, and bring it with me in the morning. I will attend the Council to-morrow.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“1600, October 28. Mr. Secretary Herbert.” 1 p. (250. 49.)
G., Lord Hunsdon to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 28. Of his illness. He did not desire Cecil to move her Majesty that he might be one at the hearing of the Muskovite, nor does he intend to be there. For her marvelling that he would leave her without a Councillor, his over great attendance has bred that confidence of his too servile subjection, which shall never be as it has been, for in 16 week she has not been six days from the Court. His health is as dear to him, and his occasions as urgent, as any other Councillor's, and until Saturday he means not to return. Suggests arrangements for meeting the Muskovite.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“28 Oct., 1600.” 1 p. (250. 50.)
Edw. Coke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 30. Sir John Touneshend was sent for by the Lords when he was disposing of his country business, and yet presently repaired hither as he was commanded, and has remained here this fortnight. I have moved my Lord Keeper and some other of my Lords that he might have leave to go down for eight or nine days for setting in order such things as he cannot despatch by any other without great prejudice. If any question be made whether he would infringe the command which has been given him, I will be bound in all I am worth that he shall obey it.—30 Oct., 1600.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Mr. Attorney General.” 1 p. (250. 2.)
Lucie, Lady Marquess of Winchester to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 30. In furtherance of the suit of Sir Richard and Lady Poulet, “my Lord's near kinsman,” for the guardianship of Jarvice, her Majesty's ward, who is in great liking with Sir Richard's daughter, she likewise affecting him.—Basinge, 30 Oct., 1600. “Your very loving niece.”
Holograph. 1 p. (250. 6.)
Gabriel Goodman, Dean of Westminster, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 30. I have received the most comfortablest message from her Majesty of her great care of me and of this her College, that I think myself most happy. It was by reason of the petition of John Heathman, now one of her Majesty's Chapel, and sometimes a singingman of Westminster, who would remain in Westminster Church, being sworn her Majesty's servant of her Chapel. If I should admit this precedent, there are three more in this college which are like to be of her Majesty's Chapel, and look to have the like. Encloses reasons against granting the petition.—Westminster College, 30 October, 1600.
Signed, 1 p. (250. 47.)
The Enclosure :
Reasons why Mr. Dean of Westminster desires to be pardoned concerning the Queen's desire for retaining John Heathman in the room of a singingman in the Collegiate Church at Westminster. 1 p. (250. 48.)
Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 30. Acknowledges Cecil's favours, and offers services. Begs Cecil to remember his poor estate, which has forced him now to send up his wife (whose estate he has spent) to pass his accounts for such monies as he has received of her Majesty, and to show what is due to him. Begs Cecil to further him to the Queen for some relief, and the satisfying of his creditors.—Plymouth, 30 October, 1600.
Holograph, 1 p. (250. 65.)
— to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 31. On Wednesday last I brought this bearer and the other you sent down into the presence of Mr. M., and another priest his familiar, with whom he always rides, and by whom, if good hap had served, he might have been taken : but this bearer laying hold of him and delivering him to his fellow to be kept, he very negligently, while this bearer was in pursuit of Mr. M., let him escape, and so all their labour is frustrate. Notwithstanding I came to Coventry, and told this bearer that if I might be supplied with 20l. I would yet undertake to perform the service, by means of the gentlewoman who is in my house. But he had no such commission, nor the money, and the other was gone before I came, and so for want thereof I am forced to hazard all upon this main. Next week I purpose to come up, and if you think me worthy to be supplied, and made able to go through with that I undertake, I will effectually perform it.—Coventry, last Oct., 1600.
Signature torn off. 1 p. (81. 89.)
Ralph Gray to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 31. I received your letter of the 13 October not until the 23 of the same, touching the Master of Gray. The contents thereof I shall effect according to your direction with such secrecy and in such sort as in my humble duty befits. The same night the Master came to my house to Chillingham, where he yet remains, daily expecting the Duke, the Lord Home, Sir Robert Carr, and other of his friends, which as yet he hath not met with. He required me to send his letters by the post to you, alleging I had direction from you so to do, which I declared unto him I had not : so my brother Edward Gray, this bearer, having some private of his own, hastened himself the more for this present service to take post to further the same to you. The Master shews me he shall have present occasion to send unto you immediately after conference had with his friends. I would gladly know, for the conveying, your direction therein.—Chillingham, this last of October, 1600.
Holograph. Seal broken. 1 p. (89. 37.)
Lod. Lloyd to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 31. Begs him to further his application to the Council for a pursuivant : otherwise “they” will neither pay him his money, nor answer the wrongs they do him. Their disobedience may appear by a certificate sent from the Commissioners. It is the nature of lawless men that do nothing but vaticinari somnia et augurari futura to trust to time, and so escape all dangers of laws; for the old Romans were not so addicted to their Sybils, the Egyptians to the priests of Memphis, nor the Frenchmen to their superstitious Druids, as many in his country are given to the prophecies of Merlin, or to the fond fables of Taliessin : for he knows that the 'Jewish Rabbins wrought not so much upon Moses' Pentateuch in their Talmuds, or the Turks upon their sacred book Musaph in their Alcorans, as they which they call “Bardi Brytannorum” wrought of Merlin and Taliessin and others. Were he sheriff this year in Cardigan (partly for the possession of his two bailiwicks, now in suit) he would bring such volumes of prophecies that after reading them Cecil should make better fire of them in London than Duke Ogis made in Athens of all the writing tables of usurers.—Mariton, last of October.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1600.” 1 p. (250. 7.)
Court of Wards.
1600, Oct. 31. Appointment by letters patent of Cuthbert Pepper, the Queen's Attorney in the Northern parts of the realm, to be the Surveyor of the Liveries in the Court of Wards and Liveries, at a salary of one hundreds pounds a year, in succession to Richard Kingeswell, deceased.
Copy certified by Walter Tooke and W. Curll.
Latin. 3 pp. Decayed. (210. 1.)
H. Bouthe to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. 31. Expresses his obligations to Cecil, to acknowledge which he thought to offer to Cecil such personages of his country as were able and willing to serve Cecil. He had the advice of Lord Shrewsbury, who has written to Cecil on behalf of the bearer, who is willing to be employed as shall seem good to Cecil.—Dunham Massie, last of October, 1600.
Holograph. 1 p. (250. 64.)
The Lion's Whelp.
1600, [Oct.] Money account of the voyage of the Lyon's Whelpe, set forth Southward the 3 of June, 1600, victualled till the 11 of October. The cost of the victualling and pay was 341l. 7s.d., and the receipt for “composition of 3 Lubicke ships stayed by her and brought into the port of Portsmouth,” 300l. : showing a loss of 41l. 7s.d. Mr. Stallenge, Mr. Grevill, and Thomas Honyman are mentioned as concerned in the account : also Mr. Haughton [Roger Haughton, Cecil's steward].
Endorsed :—“1600.” 2 pp. (80. 11.)
Anthony Crompton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. Prays for favour in his petition to the Queen, for means to live to serve her : to cease upon the opportunity of employment which may be first offered in Ireland. Refers to his long service in the wars and in Ireland.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“Captain Crompton. October, 1600.” 1 p. (250. 17.)
E., Lady Ralegh to Mr. Secretary [Cecil].
1600, Oct. Of the fire at Durham House. Sir Walter Ralegh is safely landed at Jersey, where he was royally entertained. He writes that he never saw a pleasanter island, but protests that it is not in value the third part that was reported. Her cousin Will is here, and looks well and fat with his bathing.
Undated. Holograph. Endorsed :—“October, 1600.” 1 p. (250. 36.) [Printed in Edwards' “Ralegh,” Vol. II., p. 404.]
D[orothy], Countess of Northumberland to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600, Oct. Hears that her Majesty means to write to “my Lord” about more allowance for her. Entreats Cecil to dissuade her Majesty, for “my Lord,” being apt to conceive hardly of her, will imagine she is willing to lose this living to draw more from him, and yet perhaps will part with none. Details further considerations, and asks Cecil's advice thereon.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“October, 1600. The Countess of Northumberland.” 1 p. (250. 43.)
J. Herbert to [?Sir R. Cecil].
[1600, c. Oct.] The cause of his repair to London was to keep his days with his creditors. If he had suspected any kind of inconstancy in the Barbarian, he would have been with [Cecil], though his presence would little have furthered anything. [Cecil's] favourable speeches in censuring his nephew, Sir Thomas Jones, have confirmed to the, world how much he favours and affects the writer.
Holograph. Undated. 1 p. (250. 59.)
Sir Henry Nevill to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1600, c. Oct.] According to your commandment I have written to Mr. Winwood to continue in his charge till he receive other direction from you. For his entertainment, I have hitherto made him allowance of 30s. a day, as he brought me word himself that you had promised him. For the time to come, it may please you to signify your pleasure to him. I have written unto him likewise by your permission to discharge my family and to send away my stuff. My letter Mr. Lock read over, and saw me take out the papers I used for that purpose; which done, I delivered him the key of my desk. I have sent you the Queen's letters, which I should have carried over with me.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—1600. Seal. 2/3 p. (83. 26.)