Cecil Papers: 1568

Pages 86-94

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 13, Addenda. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1915.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.



The Revenue in Ireland.
1568, May 12. Special commission to Robert Weston, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and other Irish officers, requiring them to collect the arrears of money due to the Crown in Ireland; and detailing the proceedings they are to take. Westminster, 12 May, 1568.
Official contemporary copy. Portion of seal. Parchment. 1 p. (215. 16.)
A Goldsmith's bill.
[1568, May.] Wheler's bill for such things as he has melted for Felton.
Melted 2lb. in gold: also a clock weighing about 6lb.: after he had taken out the silver and copper, the gold weighed but 6 oz. Also a bowl and certain "cassynge bwottells" and other broken gold.
Endorsed by Cecil: "A clock." ½ p. (204. 81.)
Mary, Queen of Scots to the Queen.
[1568, June 13.] Protests against the Queen's refusal to receive her in person. She is here, not to save her life, but to bring her false accusers before the Queen and recover her honour. For love of the Queen she has pardoned those who are now seeking her ruin. Her bastard brother was received by the Queen, when a fugitive from her, but she is refused. Prays that the Queen will either help her or remain neutral and allow her to seek her good elsewhere. She would justify herself before the Queen, but would rather die than enter into legal proceedings with her own subjects. Prays that Lord Herris be sent back to her with assurances of assistance.
Copy. French. Imperfect. 4 pp.
[Labanoff, Lettres de Marie Stuart, II., 96–100, from Cott. MS. Caligula C.I. fo. 94. In extenso.] (133. 41.)
Maximilian [Archduke of Austria] to Queen Elizabeth.
[? 1568,] June 29. May well be sorry at the departure of the earl of Sussex (Suses) because he is so good a person and so gentle (apasible) that he could not vex him, and moreover so discreet in his office that he must be a good servant. Will not weary her with a long letter as Sussex can report all. Vienna, 29 June.
Holograph. p. 1. Spanish. Seal. (147. 42.)
The Queen to the Queen of Scotland.
[1568, Aug. 2.] Pour vous cognoistre si peu estimer l'amitie de cella qui vous faict si adonnee que moy, me faict entrer en telle contraire passion que je resemble bien nayvement du naturel de ceulx qui difficilement prennent querelle, mais luy estant trop plainement donne ne le refusent, ains rarement retournent ilz a leur vieille mode; comme les difficiles a courrosser souvent sont les plus tards a pardonner. Pourtant ne scay je comment vous respondre a une lettre que j'ay receu dernierement qui semble si differente de la phrase de l'aultre qui preceda qu'elle ne me semble escripte de la mesme. Et si ce ne fut que je considere que naturellement nous sommes composees des elements terrestres et gouvernees de par les celestes, et que je ne suis ignorante que noz disposicions sont causees en partie par les signes supernaturelles qui tous les jours changent, je ne pourrois croire qu'en si peu de temps une telle change se pourroit faire. Mais pour ce que les choses rares sont le plus a estimer et que peu de changements se font en meilleur, et pour ce que en pire il ne se pourroit convertir, je suis contente pour ceste fois faire une conqueste la plus grande qui se peult faire—c'est de vaincre moy mesme si avant que n'auray souvenance combien peu vous avez meritee en mon endroict, ains me souviendray comme grand besoing vostre necessité tient du secours de quelque advis. Et pourtant suis deliberee tenir cest ordre qui vous est offert par my Lord Hereys, qui de vray vous a faict tresbonne declaration de toutes les choses que luy donnois en charge pour les vous signifier. Et vous asseure que n' aurez besoing de vous pentir de votre election pour ne voulloir permectre que aulcuns mes deputez vous empaire l'estat ou l'honneur, ains chercheront tous licites moyens pour faire quelque bonne fin de ces troubles. Esperant que de l'aultre coste vous vous monstrerez si raisonable que de ne vouloir chopper a chascune paille, ayant en bonne consideration l'honneur de moy, qui en seray l'instrument, que je ne preigne quelque default. Si vous sceussiez le combat que j'ay eu a me conduyre a vous escripre en ceste mode vous penseriez que je me puis bien gouverner et que je lasche la bride de compassion pour rafyner les raynes de raison.
Mon vice-chamberlan m'a bien au long faict declaration de votre volunté et sera prompt a vous faire service si vous le commandez. C'est temps de finir ceste lettre. Pryant le Createur vous tenir en sa sainte garde.
Endorsed: 2 August, 1568. The Queen's Majesty's letter to the Queen of Scots. Copy. 1 p. (133. 5.)
Walsingham's Report from Franciotti.
1568, Aug. 20. Warning the Queen of possible attempts to poison her. Is so bound to her service that it would be an insult to be offered payment, and would rather serve her unpaid than Philip for any money. Of public matters since the departure of Flaminius the F[rench] Ambassador does not much in public. But privately he and the Ambassador of S[pain] govern all things. Has only discovered one of their plots, which broke their hands.—Undated. Unsigned.
Endorsed by Cecil: 20 August, 1568, report from Franciotto the Italian. Italian. 3½ pp. [The original of the paper calendared from a modern copy in Part I, p. 361, No. 1184.] (202. 59.)
The English and Scottish Commissioners.
1568, Sept. 18. Commission by James, King of Scotland, appointing the Earl of Murray and others to convene with the Queen's Commissioners at York.—Edinburgh, 18 September, 1568.
Contemporary copy. 2 pp. [Cf. Calendar of Scottish Papers, 1563–1569, p. 508, No. 819.] (4. 35.)
The Same.
1568, Oct. 5. Register Book of the whole proceedings in the affairs of Mary Queen of Scots, treated by her Majesty's Commissioners in conference with the Queen's Commissioners of England, begun first at York the "ferd" day of October, 1568, and thereafter treated at Westminster, 25 December, 1568: written by Maister Alexander Leslie, parson of Kincardin. Also all things done by her Majesty's Commissioners to their returning to Tutbury Castle.—9 February, 1568[–9].
Contains only the following:—
Proceedings of the Commissioners at York on Monday the "ferd" day of October, 1568, [4th October, according to the Duke of Norfolk's Entry Book], including copy of the Queen of England's commission to the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Sussex and Sir Ralph Sadler, Commissioners.
Proceedings of the Commissioners on Tuesday, 5 October, 1568. (Notes only the appearance of James Earl of Murray and others, Commissioners for the Prince of Scotland.) 5 pp. (4. 39.)
A Genoese Galleon.
1568, Oct. 20. Contract by which Juan Andrea Piñon, Genoese, going in the Court of His Majesty, for himself and for Nicolao Grimaldo, Costantin Gentil, Lorenço Espinola, Luçian Centurion, and Agostin Espinola, Genoese in the Court, appoints Sancho Galban son of Roderigo Galban, to be commander of the galleon named La Concepcion de Nuestra Señora, at present at Castro de Urdiales, to take the said ship from Santander to Antwerp in Flanders with a cargo of specie, under certain conditions detailed. Made in Castro de Urdiales, 20 October, 1568 (?).
Spanish notarial copy. 7 pp. (139. 237.)
Sale of French Salt and Wine.
1568, Nov. 6. Contract between Arnald a Cavaignes, councillor of the French King, proctor for Lewis Bourbon, prince of Condé, Otho, cardinal of Castille, Gaspar comte de Coligni, admiral of France, Francis de la Rochefocault, comte de la Rochefocault, and the mayor and burgesses of Rochelle and the Queen of England for the sale of so much salt of Rochelle and other neighbouring salt pits, that is to say of l'Isle de Reye, Olleron, Brouaige and Marenes, and wine of Rochelle, Condé and Xaintoigne as would amount to the sum of 20,000l.; and for the due delivery of the same by the end of February next.
Endorsed by Cecil: "Salinæ. Inter reginam et principem condensem." Draft with corrections. Latin. 3 pp. (138. 78.)
Fair copy of the above. (138. 78a.)
1568, Nov. 12. Notarial instrument certifying that Arnold a Cavaignes, proctor of the Mayor and Commonalty of Rochelle, has sold to Peter Osborne and other merchants of London (named) as much Rochelle and other salt and as much wine of Rochelle, Cognac, Aquitain and Bordeaux as amounts to 6,000l. English money, to be delivered to them in the port of Rochelle before the last day of February next.
Covenants relating to the said sale. Both parties bind themselves and all their goods for performance of this contract, under a penalty of 7,000l. for contravening any article. Drawn up in the house of Thomas Smith in Gracechurch Street, London, in the presence of Richard Yonge and others, merchants of London.—12 November, 1568, 10 Eliz.
Latin. Sheet of parchment, damaged. (222. 13.)
1568, Nov. 19. Contract between the said Arnold a Cavaignes and Peter Osborne, William Witeman, Thomas Smyth, Thomas Allen, John Barne and Nicholas Culverwell, citizens and merchants of London, for delivery of the salt and wine on board their ships.
At the house of the said Thomas Smith in Gracechurch Street. Witnesses: Richard Yonge, Simon Horsepole, merchants, of London; Isaac Baudrengien, foreigner.
Latin. 1 m. (138. 80.)
1568, Nov. 19. Declaration of the parties to the above contract that the same shall be cancelled whenever one party requires of the other that it be so.
Latin. (138. 81.)
Draft of Articles to be agreed between the queen and prince [of Condé] touching the purchase of the salt.
The like between the queen and the contractors for the salt.
Endorsed by Cecil: Sir N. Throkmorton. Opinion for the bringing of the salt. 2 pp. (138. 82.)
Note of arrangements required in this country by the bringing of the salt.
Headed: To be considered in the salt matter. 3 pp. (138. 83.)
Writ of aid for the contractors for the salt in the following ports; Milford, Plymouth, Exeter and Apsham, Southampton, Ipswich, Lynn, Bristol, Dartmouth, Poole, Harwich, Yarmouth, Hull. 1 p. (138. 86.)
Lord Hunsdon to Sir William Cecil.
1568, Nov. 20. In reply to Cecil's letter of Nov. 12 details transactions with regard to the sale of a certain office by him to one Adams. There is an information made to Cecil against John a Selby, his deputy warden, for holding certain lands without a title. Selby would have waited upon Cecil, but he cannot spare him, and therefore sends copy of the lease. He has heard nothing yet of Carr. He has sent Cecil a packet to be delivered to the Regent.—Berwick, 20 November.
Endorsed: 20 November, 1568. 3 pp. (202. 64.)
The Portuguese Ambassador to [Sir William Cecil].
1568, Dec. 5. For the release of certain ships stayed by Mr. Winter.
Latin. Signed: Emanuel. Undated. Endorsed: 5 December, 1568. 1 p. (4. 65.)
La Mothe Fenelon to [? Sir William Cecil].
1568, Dec. 7. Endorsed: "7 December, 1568. French amb. to my Mr. with a letter to the Q. Matie."
(A strip only remains of this letter.) (213. 44.)
The Portuguese Ambassador to the Secretary.
1568, Dec. Asking for a passport for himself, and for licence to take out of the realm four horses and the gold and silver which he had brought with him.
Signed: Emanuel. ½ p. Latin. Endorsed with date. (202. 68.)
[The Lord Keeper, Earl of Leicester, Mr. Secretary, and Sir William Mildmay to Peter Osborn, Thomas Smith, Customer of London, and Thomas Allen.]
[1568.] Requiring them to send into the Low Countries, or otherwise eastward, to hire 24 hulks to bring salt from Burwage, Alrond and St. Martin's in France to England; to send Nicholas Culverwell to load the salt; and persons to find stowage for it in England.—Undated.
Endorsed as above. Draft with corrections by Cecil. 1 p. (4. 68.)
Remembrance for Guernsey. (fn. 1)
[? c. 1568.] It may please your honour to remember the finishing of the Queen's new erected grammar school in Guernsey, with room convenient for the schoolmaster and his family. It is supposed that one hundred marks, or pounds sterling, will supply for the finishing of it. The schoolmaster is a suitor that he may receive those four score quarters of wheat allotted to him for his entertainment, at the Queen's receiver's hands, and that he may not be driven to go to the law for his entertainment. Item that order be taken how the Queen's new accrued revenue may be yearly gathered by her receiver there, or by some other which may have authority and some reward for his pains.—Undated.
Endorsed by Cecil: Mr. Carew. (98. 107.)
The Queen to Mary, Queen of Scots.
[1568?] The representation that this gentleman hath made of your desire to be sure of my true amity, together with the trust that you mean bestow upon me, I have heard and for answer this may suffice you that, if not for you, yet for your honorable King that fathered you, I shall think all well employed that for his daughter I may do. And only one request I make you that the bells of no cordes ring too fast after the Mortory — lest the ringer precede the wished heraut. And so with assurance that no good thoughts of me shall overrun my desert mistrust no double dealing but such sincerity as fits a King to give you.
Endorsed: The queen's letter to the Scotch Queen. Copy in Sir Robert Cecil's handwriting. Undated. ½ p. (133. 43.)
Passages from the Old Testament.
1568. Selections from the Book of Psalms and other passages of the Old Testament expressive of trust in the Almighty.
Endorsed: 1568. Collections of certain verses and other sentences out of the psalms &c. Latin. 8 pp. (138. 74.)
Channel Islands—Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.
[? 1568.] A note of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction pretended to be had in the Isle of Jersey by the Bishop of "Coustance" in Normandy.
First, the Bishop hath a yearly pension in peace time of 20 francs or thereabouts paid yearly out of the Isle of Jersey for all ordinary duties there appertaining to him, by the hands of the Dean of the same, who being from time to time of the Captain's nomination and appointment by the Prince's authority is and hath been always taken and reputed for the said Bishop's Vicegerent or Vicar General for all ecclesiastical causes and matters of orders rising in the isle. And every three years there is a visitation made by the Dean throughout all the parishes, whereat the Dean receiveth of every curate or vicar 6s. 8d. amounting in the whole to the sum of 4l. of English money for the which, as it is supposed, the said Dean standeth answerable to the Bishop. Also the Bishop hath the institution of all the benefices of the isle and the ordinary accustomed benefit in money appertaining to the same. Also the Bishop hath all appeals of ecclesiastical causes rising in controversy within the isle to his jurisdiction, insomuch as all men may appeal from the Dean's Court unto his Court at Coustance, and the same is to be pursued and answered accordingly in all times of peace between England and France. Which may be said to be as much and as great a jurisdiction as any Bishop of Coustance hath used or taken upon him to exercise within the isle within time of prescription, viz. 40 years and upwards, saving that in some time in the reign of Hen. VIII, before the time of the expulsion of the authority of the Bishop of Rome out of this realm, there came a profit to the said Bishop and his ministers of the cream (otherwise then called holy oil) sent yearly out of Normandy to all the parishes of the isle, and likewise all those of the isle which were to be made priests did set their orders (as they term it) always at Coustance: so did also the confirmation of children pass the hands of the said Bishop or of his "Sufferingham," which "Suffryngham" did repair at times into the isle of purpose for the confirmation of children, and at that time the isle was privileged by bulls from the Bishop of Rome, "patised" and confirmed by the French Kings, that none upon pain of the Bishop of Rome's excommunication (and other pains limited by the French King to his subjects) should attempt or molest the isles or their inhabitants or in their traffics by sea or land, but that as well in time of war as peace they might trade into any part of France and return again from thence into the isle in good surety of their persons, vessels and goods against all men and specially the French, their friends and allies. Item the like jurisdictions in effect are pretended by the said Bishop of Coustance for and upon the isles of Guernsey and Alderney.
Unsigned. Undated. 2½ pp. (139. 223.)
The Channel Islands.
[? 1568.] Articles to be considered by the Queen's Privy Council [presented by certain "Suitors" not specified].
The isles of Jersey and Guernsey are part of the duchy of Normandy, governed by the laws spiritual and temporal of the same duchy, and so long as the Queen holdeth the said isles, governed as aforesaid, her Highness is not out of possession of the said duchy, but may by the laws, usage and customs of Normandy maintain just claim and title to the duchy, the ancient inheritance to the Crown of this realm.
The spiritual government in Normandy, namely in the diocese of Coustances, is reformed, and therefore it is to be considered whether that order of reformation may, with the reformed orders of this realm, be tolerated in the said isles, parcel of the said diocese, which reformation of Coustances differeth nothing in doctrine from this realm and agreeth best in rites and ceremonies with the reformation of life, manners and language of the isles.
The temporal government of Guernsey having of long time been abused, is by good and grave advice to be reformed and reduced to the ancient laws, usages and customs of Normandy, and the justiciers, abusers thereof by erroneous judgments, privy conspiracies, &c., punished by fine, or otherwise to replace them by such as will in the fear of God minister justice, &c.
Touching the arrearages of obits, fraternities, lamps, lights, &c. grown to the Queen's Majesty in Guernsey, the Jurats have received the same for many years past, with other great sums exacted of the Commons, which they have consumed in maintenance of contentions, and is now to be considered what they have to answer thereof by fine or otherwise towards the reparation of the castle or the Queen's School lately erected there.
That henceforth no money be levied upon the Commons of Guernsey without public assembly of the States of the isle consenting together and the Captain agreeing thereto, nor that no procurations pass in the said isles for the public affairs of the same but by like assembly, consent and agreement.
That no Norman shall enjoy any house or land in the isle where the inborn subject will desire to have the same for his money at such reasonable order as shall be agreed before the Captain or his lieutenant in open court.
That the Bishop of Winchester may have the superintendence of the spiritual "regiment" in Jersey and Guernsey, saving always to the Bishop of Coustances such rights and duties as by any payments appertaineth to that see, or at the least such rights and duties as the reformed churches in the diocese of Coustances yield there for the consequence that dependeth thereof.
That the Queen's rents lately grown in Guernsey, and not sold or reserved, may be levied by "commune garnettiers" as the ancient rents of Guernsey have been accustomed and so employed about the fortification of the castle.
Unsigned. Undated. 4 pp. (139. 225.)
Lord Cobham.
1568. List of debts owing by Lord Cobham to the Crown.
pp. (145. 178.)
Hatfield Regis Rectory.
1568. Pleadings on behalf of Fulk Onslowe before Thomas Yale, LL.D., against one John Snowe, regarding the rectory of Hatfield Regis.
Draft or Copy. 7 pp. Latin. Endorsed: with date, title, and the word: Thethwood. (Estate Papers.)
Predictions for Scotland.
[1568.] Prophecies relative to the Queen, the infant King and the Regent. The Queen shall die unhappily within a short time of attaining prosperity. Serious illness and bad treatment is predicted for the King. The Regent shall be thrice victorious in battle but let him beware of a fourth victory. The country shall at length have peace after a drought [? massacre: sicatio] lasting three months and ten days, which no house or castle, save three only, shall be able to resist. A treasure shall be found at Pentland, near the water called Newgrithbarne on the east side of a certain old house, which shall bring destruction to its finder.
Endorsed: 'A prophecy.' ½ p. Latin. (98. 178.)
George Younge.
[1568 or later.] Note as to concealed lands which the Queen should have had with the wardship of George Younge, son and heir of Thomas Younge, sometime Archbishop of York.—Undated.
1 p. (696.)


  • 1. Cf. p. 63.