Cecil Papers: October 1601

Pages 185-189

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 14, Addenda. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1923.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.


October 1601

George Kendall to Sir Robert Cecil.
[Probably after 3 Oct., 1601.] Prisoner in the Marshalsea. For admittance to Cecil, to satisfy him touching his conference with any doubted or suspected person in his last being in France.—Undated.
½ p. (1336.)
Sir Robert Cecil to [the Master of Gray ?]
1601, Oct. 7. Sir, Having now received at one instant divers letters from you of the 13, 17 and 18 of September, they have taken me out of that anxiety wherein your former letters left me; at the writing whereof I saw you were in some hard terms, whereof I now perceive there is some alteration to the better, which I wish may not stay, till it come to the best that can be desired by an honest servant and subject. For the devices used to intimidate you, with the discovery of any letters of yours to me, it shewed as well your confidence in me, as in your own innocency to set at naught such fond inventions: for although I should quickly have cut off the thread of your correspondency whensoever I should have seen that you would have made me an object of any unworthy practice, yet should I never have made myself so base as to have betrayed my friend, where my allegiance had not been in balance. So as if you be of that composition which I am, I would suffer them to dwell in their own schism. For Mowbray at a word, I never gave him but one £100, wherein he objected to me some breach of promise in my father and Mr. Walsingham: neither did I ever promise him other recompence than an annual pension, as long as he would live in Spain. And for the Irish matter, it is true that he brought his cousin Philip to offer the attempt upon Tyrone, which I refused not, he being already proscribed by the Queen's own proclamation. I hear that they have booted him and vexed him, and I think the man hath moved suspicion by his own ventosity. But of the letter which Locke should shew him (although I use Locke but in particular trusts, of which I make to divers men particular distribution, as I find each person proper and capable) I dare assume no letter that ever came to him would ever serve for his condemnation; so as I leave him to be tried as they shall please. Only I am sorry that there should be a conceit that any man should perish by addressing himself to me, whereby others may impute that to my weakness which merely proceedeth from their own original sin. As for the Duke of Leneux, my satisfaction hath no other dependency but upon yours, and therefore in that point you may assure yourself he shall (out of that reputation which their state affordeth all strangers, especially being persons of so eminent quality) find no cause of mislike, and shall understand that you have made him more acceptable (by your commendations) of his good disposition to this State. And so much for answer to your letter of the 13. For the contents of the 17, first I am glad to find that those two persons, especially one of them Sir George Hume, of whose credit with the King I hear so much, is not only your friend but a well wisher to this estate, for thereby the obligation which you shall give them for their help in your introduction shall no way hinder the constant devotion you profess to her Majesty's service. For the news which were sent of the Duke of Leneux out of France, especially that wherein there was a conceit that in the Duke's negotiation the Queen had interposed herself to hinder either the reputation or effect of the same, I pray you take this from me upon the conscience of truth, that she nor any minister of hers had so much as a thought to meddle in it, or to hinder it. No Sir, it is but the poorness of those mendicant intelligences, which would still give themselves credit by vain untruths, much like to the supposition which was bruited that the Marshal Byron was employed hither to negotiate about succession. Where first (God of heaven doth know) the Queen will as soon give ear to her mortuary as ever to admit any such negotiation, either to set up or pull down any title or competition. And next (I speak it to you freely) this Marshal had only matter of compliment, the King being at Calais, and some accidental discourse to deliver why the King did no more to relieve the siege of Ostend than he did. I was very sorry that the King was so distracted by the trash which proceeded from pedants and that old doting bishop, as to put off the access of so good a servant as I think you would be to him. You must bear with me that have retarded some few days from giving you answer, for the landing of the Spaniards in Ireland hath given me some cause of interruption from all private, seeing the public was in question. Their army is 4,000. They landed in Munster in a good haven, but near a paltry town called Kinsale, within there were not above 60 men. They summoned it for the King of Spain, whereupon they yielded. The President Sir George Carew was at Kilkenny with the deputy some 40 miles off at the Earl of Ormond's house, but immediately upon the arrival of them he posted to Cork, which is some ten miles off from their descent, where he drew to head some 3 or 4,000 men; the Deputy following after with all speed with more forces. To conclude, I think the Queen's army that may be drawn together in that province from the other parts of the kingdom (which are apt to revolt and may not be abandoned) may amount to 1,000 heads, which her Majesty reinforceth from hence with 1,000 more, which being arrived I make account (the Northern rebels being kept from joining) that those Spanish conquerors will come out like "Baylives errant," with white sticks in their hands. In the meantime you see we are not asleep, nor all the conditions agreed on for the peace, between the King of Spain and the Queen, nor we that are pensioners to the Infanta (according to the excellent Scottish intelligence) so faithful to him yet, but that we keep him from Ostend and mean to pull him by the ears out of Ireland. The Archduke lieth still before Ostend, watching for opportunities either by some corruption to win the town, or to serve himself of some advantage if the sea should break in, or rather is loth to quit the siege for loss of his reputation, but make still a show to block it up and so contain the Spaniolized Provinces from mutiny against his ill success and the burden of their own expenses. In the town Sir Francis Vere commands with 8,000 soldiers, all necessaries being royally put into the place. So as when I consider who is there with such a garrison, and how gallant a Deputy and a President we have in Munster, with a good army, I hope this year will not prove his jubilee, if it prosper no better than it beginneth; for he hath lost Berke, he hath failed of Ostend, his army failed before Algier, and I hope the like shall follow in sequence in Ireland. And thus having now wearied you with a long letter, I commit you to God.—From the Court at Richmond this 7th of October, 1601. Your very loving friend Ro. Cecyll.
In hand of Cecil's secretary Levinus Munck.
Signed, with a few corrections by Cecil.
pp. (213. 116.)
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir Robert Cecil.
1601, Oct. 24. Your letters comes hither as welcome as if I dwelt twenty miles beyond Shoreditch, for more than I hear from you I hear nothing worth hearing. Of Thursday last at night I met with a fit of an ague that held me in a cold shaking conference almost four hours together, but the heat after was nothing so painful, although I was not in any reasonable good temper of many hours after. But this day I have been very well and yet shall be glad to take benefit of the longest day that I can to settle my poor body in, before I put on the red robes of a Senator. I wonder that you hear so seldom from Ireland; God grant all good when it comes.
[P.S.]—Unless I write that I have done your commandment to my wife and that she requites you with wishing all happiness unto you that your own heart can think, I must not have leave to lap up this letter.
Holograph. Endorsed: "24 Oct., 1601, The E. of Shrewsbury to my Master."
1 p. (96. 7.)
Robert Johnson to Sir Robert Cecil.
1601, Oct. 24. Two years past he offered that which he has now paid, 700l. His offer being revived last Easter, the Queen remembered Mr. Brett's endeavour: but after deliberation gave order to the Lord Treasurer to accept his (Johnson's) offer. His book was then subscribed by the Attorney General, and his fine of 700l. paid for the Queen's use. To provide it, he sold the only certainty he had in England for his wife and children to retire to "upon the end of my estate in that prebend": and took up 500l. at interest. He hopes Mr. Brett's allegations are largely and sufficiently answered. If, against all this, he must submit to be undone by confidence, he begs that an end may be made thereof, so that he may be freed from a troubled mind. 24 Oct., 1601.
Holograph. 1 p. (107. 79.)
Sir Thomas Posthumus Hoby.
[? 1601, Oct. 29.] State of the cause of Sir Thomas Posthumus Hoby, against William Ewre son and heir of Lord Ewre and others. The complaint is that the defendants "maliced" him for executing equal justice; came to his house, and created profane disturbances and committed assaults.
2 pp. (141. 357.) [Possibly the enclosure referred to in Hoby's letter to Cecil of 29 Oct., 1601. See C.P. Part xi., p. 456.]