Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 15, 1603. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1930.
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|The King to the Privy Council.|
Having understood to our great grief the certainty
of the death of our dearest sister the Queen we have thought
it necessary first to gratify you with our heartiest thanks for
your faithful bypast service unto her for the which we intend
to give you such due recompense in the one hand as if it had
been done to ourself; next seeing that we are by the divine
providence of God born her lawful successor and by consequence
having nothing more before our eyes than the safety of the people
from the injuries of all tumultuous uproars and mutinous
practices which commonly falleth forth at such times, together
with an earnest desire we have to follow her footsteps in continuing the happy quietness of the former government without
any alteration of laws or customs as her lawful and natural heir
we have sent unto you by this bearer our commission and warrant
to exercise still your offices and charges of counsellors with power
in our name to direct and command either by privy warrant or
public proclamation all justices of peace, sheriffs, and other
inferior officers whatsoever to go forward in their charges in
doing of justice and all such other things that he or they shall
find necessary or expedient for keeping of the country in the
one ordinary temper and obedience. In doing whereof ye shall
cause the greatest contentment that a King can crave of his best
subjects, and so doubling the value of your bypast merits we
shall be moved to multiply our princely favours to you accordingly in such sort as all the faithful subjects of the land shall be
encouraged by your example to discharge themselves honestly
in all things that may concern their duty to the state.—Undated.
Corrected in places.
Endorsed: "Copy of his Majesty's letter to the Council of England." 1 p. (134. 29.)
|Declaration by King James I.|
The general applause at the King's entry (of all sorts)
to his Majesty's right.
His contentment thereby, and desire to afford favour to all.
His acknowledging God the sole author of his blessings and his thankfulness to men, as the means of all such benefits.
His information of severity in the Queen's time.
His purpose to mitigate pecuniary pains, notwithstanding his constant resolution in conscience.
His opinion that religion is to be planted by the word.
His late grief to observe the priests' practices. His danger: his care of his people: his purpose to give warning of his intention to proceed with them, in case they avoid not: his acknowledgment to the Pope of personal kindness.
His desire for the good of Christendom to have a General Council.
Summary as above followed by corrected draft of the Declaration. 7 pp. (101. 74—77.)
Some notes on the points of similarity and difference
between England and Scotland with reference to the proposed
Endorsed: "1603, Memorial concerning the Union."
Unsigned. 1 p. (103. 70.)
Act of Parliament for establishing commissioners
to treat of the Union.—Undated.
Draft. 4 pp. (214. 50.)
|— to —|
Since my last the estate, of the town of Ostend is
such, as there is no question made of keeping it. The water
hath wrought very good effect, for already it hath made the
enemy forsake all his low works, and hath made a gap of 60 foot
broad, wherein at low water there is a foot and a half water,
so as there is very little appearance that the enemy can stop
it, and then it is not possible for him to come any nearer on that
side. And whereas it was feared that the letting in of the sea
might endanger the town, it doth not appear, that either with
the flood or the ebb it falleth upon the counterscarp, but spreads
itself into the land. The new haven is finished, which serves the
town to very good purpose. Yesterday at noonday there went
in a company in shallops and lost not a man, and in the night
great hoys go freely in and out. Notwithstanding on that side
the enemy hath begun a new work, and layeth his ordnance
lower, the better to hinder the entrance of the ships, which gives
some opinion that he hath no purpose to rise yet. For mine
own part now that the sea hath wrought this good effect I
do not much fear the town, and indeed if the town should be
lost I know not how there might be any hope of keeping any
Unsigned. Endorsed: "From Ostend." 1 p. (205. 1.)
|— to —|
"The pattern for the tomb of the Queen of Scots
I have ready finished, the which you and I will show to the
King. The charge thereof is estimated 2,000l.—Undated.
Unsigned. 1 p. (206. 1.)
|Queen Anne to the King of Denmark.|
Although we must confess that we do daily perceive
so great a continuance (or rather an augmentation) of the King's
Majesty's, our husband's, dearest affection towards us, as there
is nothing fit for us in honour and contentation wherein we shall
need any other means than the merit of our own love and due
observation of his princely and just desires. Yet is our bond
to you no less for the care you have had concerning our jointure
than if there had been cause of mediation. Wherein because
you may be informed how things have proceeded you shall
understand in short that his Majesty hath pleased to pass unto
us, under his seal of this crown, such a jointure as King Henry
the eighth, king of England, gave to Queen Catherine, daughter
of Spain. In which we have not only had our desire to imitate
her that was born a king's daughter, but his Majesty hath
ordered all other things thereunto belonging, so as we are
satisfied in that point of honour to be used according to our rank,
and have many other extraordinary additions for the better
support of our estate in respect that the change of times draws
with it many other alterations. Wherefore, because your Majesty
shall know the further particulars by our letters to your Council,
we will now no further trouble you than to entreat you to take
notice now of the conclusion of it, as well as you were careful
to recommend it in the beginning, which office of yours we will
lay up in memory with the rest of your kindnesses, and so remain
Draft [by Cecil's secretary ?] Endorsed: "Minute from her Majesty to the King of Denmark." ½ p. (97. 12.)
|The jointure of Queen Anne.|
Notes of the jointures of Queen Catherine, daughter of
Spain, wife of Henry VIII, and of the Queen Anne, a daughter
of Denmark, wife to James, King of England, Scotland, France
and Ireland. Sum total of the latter jointure yearly—6,376l.
Also names of officers appointed for managing the Queen's
revenues: with brief notes by Cecil of the amounts of the
jointures of several other Queens of England.
Endorsed: "A note of her Majesty's jointure sent into Denmark." 3½ pp. (102. 113.)
|[Printed in extenso in Lodge, Illustrations of British History, iii, pp. 62–65.]|
|D. Aikinheid to Lord [Cecil ?]|
In February, 1597, Mons de Lussan, governor of
Blaye, took from James Formand and David Aikinheid, Scots
merchants, a ship laden with wine without any cause or reason
but by strong hand. The ship and gear and damage we have
had since that time I esteem to 20,000 crowns, praying you to
recommend the same to his Majesty and his Council.—Undated.
Holograph. ½ p. (102. 168.)
|Patrick Arthur to the Same.|
Purposes presently to depart for Ireland to the Lord
Deputy, to whom he is a mere stranger. Craves Cecil's letter
in his favour. Otherwise fears great delay, both now and when
he shall crave for payment. For his better advancement let
Cecil write to his lordship to appoint him sheriff for the next
year of either of the counties of Cork, Limerick or Kerry and
Desmond.—"This present Sunday."
Holograph. Seal broken. ½ p. (102. 119.)
|William Atkinson to the Same.|
Yourself was the only 'asyle' I first submitted
myself unto when I relinquished the papists' church; yet
there never wanted carping tongues to overbear my wronged
estate by slanderous speeches. Even when I was about the
apprehension of Dr. Hill, a notable archpriest, in the court at
York, word was brought to the Council that I was going again
to the seminaries and was a special instrument in behalf of the
recusants all being forged from the slanderous breast of one
Bird. After I had apprehended Hill it was my good fortune to
intercept one Browne who expressly threatened violence to your
person, affirming there were three who once belonged to [the
Earl of] Essex which had vowed your death, and that they
were maintained by great personages. These villainies once
understood I apprehended Browne, who remains prisoned;
and having received the Bishop of Limerick's letter for you to
the same effect I made speed to Bever [Belvoir] Castle, but you
departed before my coming, and so coming to Stamford had
taken post to London but by chance I met the Bishop of Limerick
who was going to London, who promised to certify you of the
premises. Thinking to have answer from you or the bishop
I remained at York ever since expecting your direction.—
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (102. 120.)
|Elizabeth, Countess of Bath, to Lord Cecil.|
I presume to trouble you for a few lines from you to
my friend and neighbour, Sir John Spence, in a very reasonable
request. If it please you to do me the favour to send your letter
according to the note I send by this my servant, he shall attend
you for it at your direction, and I will acknowledge it a very
courteous part done to me.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (102. 125.)
|Bennett College, Cambridge.|
A short view in tabular form of the controversy
about the Mastership of Bennett College, Cambridge.
The Fellows made two elections.
|The first is void for disobedience to the Queen that then was, because the Mastership was resigned by the Bishop of Norwich a little before his consecration to frustrate the Queen's prerogative, who was to appoint a new Master, so soon as the former Master was bishop, as may appear by sundry precedents. The Kings of England have authority to stay all elections where express oath, according to the intent of the Founder, doth not require the contrary, and therefore the Queen, understanding that she was fraudulently dealt withal, did expressly inhibit the making of any election, till her pleasure was further known, which commandment was most wilfully and headstrongly broken by the Fellows of Bennett College, though there were no necessity of statute or oath that compelled them thereto.|
|It is void for disobedience to the statutes of the College, which the Fellows are sworn to observe in the literal and grammatical sense, for the statute requires that vacatio should be cognita et perspecta before the Fellows be called or time of election assigned, or any such thing done, but in this election the time was assigned even there and then, where and when the Mastership was resigned up, before the vacation could be cognita et perspecta. The statute saith that the Senior should call the Fellows and assign the time of election within three days of the vacation, which importeth a time of pause and deliberation, but here he gave notice ipso instante. The Senior should have summoned all the Fellows in the town, but the Fellows were called by the old Master, nor were all in the town either present or warned to be present. The Senior not doing his duty is by statute to lose his voice and the next Fellow to appoint the time of the election, which was done accordingly, but before the time appointed, the Fellows that favoured Dr. Jegon went away to London, neither did any present himself to make a new election. The statute requireth reverence to God, and conformity to the Senior Fellow at the time of the election, but this election was tumultuous, even with some blows, even in the Chapel, and with contempt of the Senior Fellow, whose authority was utterly rejected. The form of the Master's election is thus set down in statute—volumus seniorem presentem adjungere sibi proxime seniorem qui sua ipsorum suffragia scripta accipiant, but in this case Mr. Watson, being not senior, nor bound any way to execute the statute, and having indeed lost his voice for neglect of duty, did by violence detain from Dr. Charier the statute book which he was to keep as Senior Fellow and did call to him the fourth in seniority, viz.: Mr. Butler, and so went on to an unlawful scrutiny.|
|The whole course of the statute teacheth that the Master's election should be made by free men that have not bound themselves to any one man by promise, writing, or any way else, but this election was made by such as had resolved whom they would choose long before the place was void, as they confess in their letter to my lord's grace of Canterbury, and had consigned it under their hands, as some of them have said and will not upon their oaths deny, and Mr. Watson himself confessed to Mr. Middleton that he looked for consideration if Mr. Jegon were Master.|
|The statute requireth that the election of the Master should be approved by the Chancellor or Vice-Chancellor, but this election was never so approved and confirmed, but disproved and nullified by the Chancellor.|
|The second is lawful according to statute for|
|1. The self same Fellows absolutely gave their consents according to statute.|
|2. They did it of themselves without the knowledge or expectation of Mr. Middleton, till within half an hour before he was chosen.|
|3. They acknowledged Mr. Middleton to be their Master by an Act subscribed with their own hands.|
|4. The Vice-Chancellor most willingly approved it with great words in commendation of Mr. Middleton's sufficiency, as some of themselves that heard him can well testify.|
Upon these reasons and allegations confirmed by hands of the
principal Doctors of the Arches, the Archbishop of Canterbury
and Lord Cecil, Chancellor of the University, did pronounce the
election of Dr. Jegon to be utterly void, and willed the Fellows
of Bennett College to make a new free election of any fit man
whom they would, Dr. Jegon only excepted, which they yielded
unto and so chose Dr. Middleton with one accord and possessed
him fully in the Mastership.
Endorsed: "1603." 2 pp. (136. 119.)
[See letter of June 25, p. 150 supra.]
|The Mayor and Burgesses of the Town of Berwick-uponTweed to the King.|
|[1603.]||The pay of 15,000l. per annum, the greatest part whereof was yearly exchanged in the town, is now withdrawn. The burgesses for the most part applied themselves for entertainment of the soldier. The poor families of the dissolved garrison are remaining still in Berwick to the number of 6,000 or 7.000 persons unprovided of means to live; yet in respect of their birth and residancy there, by the law are there to be provided for. The town shall want their chiefest support by reason the Governors and great officers of the military state shall be absented.|
|They pray:—1. That the state and freedom of the corporation and borough may be established, and their charters reformed or enlarged and confirmed.|
|2. That the corporation may hold in fee farm of the King the borough itself and the site and seignory thereof, and the buildings and storehouses which were lately employed upon the military offices and which are a great yearly charge to his Majesty in reparation; also all other buildings, wastes and grounds within the old and new walls of the town, together with the haven, quay and staith, and all other the grounds and bounds of Berwick, except the Castle and those parcels of ground and other things lately granted therewith by the King.|
3. That certain yearly stipends to the Mayor, preachers and
ministers of the church, schoolmaster, and other necessary
officers of the town, which were granted to them out of the pay
by the establishments, be continued. That a competent part
of the sums the King was inclined to disburse towards the building of a church (a fair spacious church there being pulled down
in the time of King Henry 8 for fortification), for a fort and a
lesser garrison for defence of the town may be employed upon a
stock to set the poor on work and for education of youth
in some of the said houses fit for that purpose. The town of
itself will not only endeavour to build a church without expense
to the King but also to defend itself as Hull and Newcastle and
other towns of fortification, without any expense to his Majesty.
Thereto it will be sufficiently enabled as a great number of the
better sort of the garrison desire to inhabit there and to become
members of the corporation.—Undated.
Petition. 1 p. (102. 121)
|Dr. Thomas Blague, Dean of Rochester, to Lord Cecil.|
[1603.] Is it possible an eagle should still pursue a fly? Have
I so lost my sovereign lady that neither she nor the service to
her can be remembered by some? Had any chaplain of 25
years service a poor pittance? Cannot this be held? O me
miserum! The parsonage of Braxted in Essex of the Earl of
Shrewsbury's patronage is shot at. I have enjoyed it 33 years
quietly: now a lapse is pretended to it. Whoever heard the
like? I held it with another by a lawful dispensation, made 32
years past, before I served her Majesty. A third benefice I
had of you as Master of the Wards, passed under the privy and
broad seal by your only means; which third benefice and more
too the statute allows to the King's and Queen's chaplains, &c.;
For the first I only am now sifted. The Lord Keeper is ready
to give a presentation of it to vex me. Quid feci? profecto
fundus Albanus me perdidit. The good Earl of Shrewsbury
has somewhat stayed it. Noble patron, pity an old preacher;
stop it at the fountain with the Lord Keeper. I am unable any
longer to sustain the fury of his wrath. Look to this speedily,
and let my gray hairs go quietly to the grave.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (102. 130.)
"Your Majesty's letter to the Larde of Johnstone
commanding him to give redress to Sir Robert Cary, not only
for offences done since the Larde's entry to the office, but also
for offences done before, chiefly and especially for the roade
[raid] of Hensey, made about Lammas last, near or about the
time of the Larde's entry, wherein was 40 men taken prisoners,
and all put to ransom as if it had been done in were [war]. And
also to do the like to the L. Scroope, without delaying the same
by seeking to entertain and win him with ineffectual meetings.
As also to stay the daily ridings in great disorder of the Larde's
wardenry in the L. Scroope's, and to make redress for the rodes
made since the Larde's entry, of which this great note to be
showed declares but part. And because the principals of the
roade of Hensey are the L. Maxwell's tenants, that his Majesty
would by letter command and charge the Lord Maxwell to enter
such his tenants as were at that roade (of whose names this
other note to be showed makes mention) to the Lard of Johnston
your warden, that thereby he may enter them, and do justice
to Sir Robert for that proud and contemptuous roade, the like
whereof was never offered or done to your Majesty's subjects.
And that your Majesty will command the warden in your
Majesty's said letter to take knowledge of your Majesty's charge
in these behalfs to our wardens, and send to them to give them
justice and redress accordingly without delay."—Undated.
Endorsed: "Copy of my note for the K's letters to be written in Border causes." 1 p. (82. 99.)
|George Bowes to the Earl of Suffolk and Lord Cecil.|
|. Petitions to be commended to the rest of the Privy Council for the furtherance of the King's service about the royal mines in Crawfordmore, wherein he is presently to be employed; the said lords being present and privy to what his Majesty directed concerning a trial to be made of the mines:—|
|1. That he may be freed of the imputation of seeking employment in these services. His employment solely arose out of the King's care for discovery of such a benefit as might thereby arise to the realm, and was pleased to adventure 300l. in his hands, with which he undertook to discover a vein of gold, or to make an estimate of the charge and time for trying eight other most choice places. Therein he desired not to be alone but to have one or two choice experimented miners of the land to certify concerning the mines, himself defraying their charges.|
|2. That since Mr. Bulmer had letters of commendation to the Council of State in Scotland for this service Bowes may be granted the same.|
|3. As he will sometimes have to travel in the worst trained and most uncivil places of both nations, that he may have letters of commendation to the Earl of Cumberland, Lord Hume and the La[ird] of Johnston for himself and 12 of his servants to travel those parts with pistols and horsemen's pieces for his defence; and that his workmen may have free passage, having his warrant testifying their employment.|
|4. Since he will be forced to break up a great proportion of ground, that the Laird of Closburne to whom it appertains may be dealt with for his consent,|
|5. That with convenient speed a tent or 'hayle' may be sent to Leith of such greatness as will lodge and serve to dress victuals for 70 or 80 persons.|
|6. That as parcel of the former 300l. allowed by his Majesty, he may before his departure have 100l. to be employed in providing bedding and other household furniture for the aforesaid number of workmen, the same being not otherwise to be provided but at London; as also for furnishing iron and other work tools to be sent to Leith and thence by horsecarriage to the mines: and that the 200l. remaining be sent him to the mines in March or April next without any further allowance for portage.|
|7. Since he will have to certify many times of the estate of the mines, that order be given to the posts of Edinburgh and Carlisle for sending away his letters.|
|8. That whereas the four principal matters are by his Majesty's order all allotted three to Mr. Bulmer and one to him, his Majesty's pleasure for avoiding all mistaking between them may be further known as to the working in the other grounds not comprised within the limits of the four waters.|
|9. In working for gold if any vein of lead or copper be discovered, that his Majesty's pleasure may be known whether he shall work it to his use or not. Mr. Thomas Fowles challenges an estate for ten years of the royal and base minerals in Wanlock water where Bowes's allotment is.|
|10. Desires to know where and to whom to deliver to the King's use such gold as shall be got.|
Lastly in his two months attendance with Mr. Bulmer in this
service though his charges were for the most part defrayed by
him out of the 100l. allowed, yet he underwent some other
charges, whereunto he adds this last journey, his continuance
here, and return home.
Endorsed: "1603. Sir George Bowes's particulars." 1 p. (102. 94.)
|Sir William Bowyer to Lord Cecil.|
. By the address of Captain Carvell and the rest from
garrison at Berwick unto his Majesty and your lordships it
seems they have conceived great fear of their discharge from his
Highness's pay, whereby the soldiers with multitudes of their
wives and children look to undergo extreme misery and want.
The bearers therefore in the name of the whole garrison have
drawn me to commend their suit, that either they with their
wives and children may be planted upon the decays and avoidances on the borders, or that his Majesty may permit them to
enjoy their present places and pays for their lives, so as no supply
should be made of their places by death or other discharge.
The former part of this petition myself having heretofore
presented unto his Majesty on the garrison's behalf I found him
assenting unto; whereupon I (being traduced at Berwick as one
seeking their ruin) did deliver as well what I had wished for his
Highness's service as also what I had received from his own
mouth of his goodness intended toward them. I commend this
petition to your favour.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603. Sir William Bowes (sic) to my lord."
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (102. 133.)
|Petition of Captain William Bowyer to the King.|
|1. At the time of the King's entrance to this kingdom was commanded to make head against those rebellious borderers which then overran and cruelly burned the country and murdered loyal subjects: which service he faithfully performed.|
2. Was by the King's special commandment employed in the
lessening his charge of Berwick and many times to the extreme
peril of his life used such diligence as thereby the sum of 10,000l.
yearly is saved. Has this year cut off near 400l. yearly.
In consideration of which and upon surrender of 20l. yearly from his pension prays a grant of 20l. per annum in fee farm.
½ p. (102. 134.)
|Captain Ro. Bridges to Lord Cecil.|
This accident of Lord Gray may give occasion to some
to become suitors for his troop of horse in the Low Countries.
Lord Gray first desired the same of the States only for the good
of Bridges, who hitherto commanding it has not received as
yet any fruit so much as his own entertainment. This being
taken away he will be utterly deprived of his after hopes in the
wars wherein he hath spent his time and whole estate. Entreats
Cecil's letters to the States in his behalf, that he may command
the same troop hereafter as his own.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (102. 137.)
|The Same to the Same.|
. Three days since he desired letters to the States in
his behalf concerning Lord Gray's troop in the Low Countries.
Prays pardon for importuning his answer, but understands
some go about by the King's letters to supplant him, and that
his absence from his command at this time may be prejudicial
to him. Prays Cecil's pass to go to the said command.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (102. 136.)
|Sir Henry Brouncker.|
Warrant letting the farm of the customs and subsidies
of wines imported into Ireland to Sir Henry Bruncker.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (141. 242.)
|Lord Treasurer Buckhurst to Lord Cecil.|
I send you the indenture for the coinage of Irish
moneys, with the schedule, according to the new standard of fine
silver, which is to have his Majesty's hand signed on the top and
then both it and the schedule to be sent by you by a messenger
to the Lord Chancellor to seal; and the Lord Chancellor to be
desired to deliver the same indenture so sealed presently to the
messenger to be forthwith carried to Sir Richard Martin; for
till Sir Richard Martin have this indenture he can coin no Irish
moneys, which as you know requires great haste, and if you
should send it me and I to my Lord Chancellor this would spend
time. I send you also a draft for a privy seal; and then lies
the labour on my hand to provide money whereof God knows
in the Receipt, besides that sum which I will not break, there
is not one penny: but yet I hope to provide for it as far forth
as possibly may be done.—Undated.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (102. 135.)
|Lord Treasurer Buckhurst to Sir William Waad.|
|.||I have signed the warrant for the butter, which send away with all speed.|
Touching the refusal of the apparel by the captains of the
Brill, this as you know has been often done by the captains as
well there as elsewhere, because they would provide the same
themselves, in the late Queen's time; but it was always rejected
as most inconvenient. I am clear that if it be so it will prove
a great disservice, and ill for the soldier. If there be defect in
the apparel it is fit it be examined and the merchants make it
good. I will not take upon me to alter the course but refer
it to the lords in Court. Therefore write to my Lord Cecil
thereof that the rest may be acquainted with it. If the captains
have it in the Brill it were fit to keep all one course both in
Flushing and Ireland; but what loss this will be to the King
you know, and my Lord Cecil can inform his Majesty. It
were good you made a collection what is saved in the whole
number of Ireland, Flushing and Brill.—Undated.
PS. If the Lords send for Sir Francis Vere he can like enough end it without farther proceeding.
On a separate slip: You may send this my letter enclosed in yours to my Lord Cecil.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (102. 138.)
|Frances, Lady Burgh, to Lord Cecil.|
I made bold to send to you yesterday; but after I
understood your pleasure I sent for Sir Walter Cope as you
required, by him to deliver what otherwise I would very gladly
have spoken with you about myself. This morning I have
understood your answer from him, that you are not used to
move any suits, but being moved I shall have your furtherance.
It was not my meaning to importune you in that kind; but
your other offer, to second me when it may come to you from
the King, was that I especially desired. I set down my desire
for the denization of a hundred, which number if you think
too many, I know it is out of your opinion that a fewer number
will yield a sufficient relief to my want and please his Majesty
better. I thank you for your discreet consideration, but I find
myself that the profit of that favour will yield me but 20l.
apiece, and for the generality but 10l. or 5l. apiece. So you
may see how far under my necessity such a suit will yield relief
to my want; unless I might therewith obtain his Majesty's
letters for the making of them freemen also of the city. For
I am indebted 1,500l. at the least, with all my plate and jewels
sold and at pawn. If I may attain this I will never trouble his
Majesty or any friend in the like again.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603," 1 p. (102. 139.)
|Frances, Lady Burgh, to Lord Cecil.|
My former letters have delivered at large the reasonableness of my suit. Now I earnestly beseech you to stand
for me, that the number in my petition be decreased as little as
may be, the value that will arise thereby being likely, for the
most part, to be but a yearly revenue. I hope you will think
me worthy thereof, being no ways hurtful to the King, and my
lord having spent all his estate in the late Queen's services, as
is not unknown to yourself. I am so much unfurnished of means,
as I shall be enforced to adventure the peril of me and mine
in this contagious place, unless I may by your favour have a
speedy dispatch from his Majesty.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (102. 140).
"The commission for the Lieutenancy of Northamptonshire for the Lord Burghley: and a grant of the forest of
Rockingham for the life of the Lord Burghley, Sir William Cecil
and the L. Roos."—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (206. 7.)
|Lord Burghley to his brother, Lord Cecil.|
The alderman of Stamdford [Stamford] has been with
me this morning and acquainted me with a petition that he
presented to his Majesty at his going yesterday to the chapel.
It is in the behalf of such of the town of Stamford as are burdened
with the tax of the fifteenth which lies so heavy upon them being
the poorer sort of people that are liable thereto. Either the
collectors must be constrained to sell their dishes and platters,
or else they have no other means to pay it. Which being known
to his Majesty I doubt not but he will be loth to take from such
miserable poor people. And because I am this morning upon
necessary occasion to go from hence I pray you move the
Master of Requests to move this suit. If need be hereafter I
will upon the next opportunity move his Majesty myself.—
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (102. 141.)
|Viscount Byndon to the Same.|
|.||The apprehension of Mr. Henry Cary was followed to effect the next day after the commandment in letters sent from your honourable table was delivered unto my hands; so I have thought it necessary to send you a true certificate by the two gentlemen employed in this service. I wish the gentleman's disposition were such as I might offer him in his worst pretence my best assistance; but as he is now found to be in the opinion of many loyal hearted men, I wish his liberty might not hazard the lives of many well affected subjects. If these two gentlemen had not been in the country it had been hard for me to have found justices of the peace near that place of like readiness; for, many sundry warrants given formerly for his apprehension notwithstanding, he at no one time was to be taken. At other times he repaired very often to the houses of those of the best sort, and of them he was so tenderly favoured as they suffered him in one of their own houses and in their presence to abuse a justice of peace of good account with many threatening words. Mr. Cary and his forward young son is continually graced in the greater assemblies much more than others much more worthy. When the jealousy I had of his dangerous liberty gave me just cause to deny the importunate suit of the better sort of gentlemen and knights in authority for my licence for travelling beyond the limits whereunto he is tied by law, two of my deputies (as Mr. Cary himself told me, when he brought me your letters touching his son) sent him, without any request of his, a licence from them, themselves by no law authorised to grant any such licence. Lately I received letters directed to the sheriff, and to all the justices in general, for the raising of 450l. towards the making and maintenance of shipping for the defence of our merchants trading across the seas. Not at leisure, in this troublesome time, to travail therein I wrote my letters unto them for their furtherance, as by the copies of them sent by bearer may appear together with their answer. How far it ranges from that required, I refer unto their own answer. The best disposed in this country are doubtful to do any necessary service without particular especial words in their warrants; otherwise they would now have searched Mr. Cary's house where by the great tumbling and noise they heard in the house at their first coming in they supposed there was then to be found many things not justifiable. If you signify the good opinion conceived of these two gentlemen for this late trusty service, it will be a good encouragement for other services, as also a pricking forth of more backward men. There are divers others in this country as much doubted as Mr. Cary is. Notwithstanding as the letters only are for Mr. Cary's apprehension no one of them is restrained. Many horses of the number formerly certified are wanting; many fairly discourage the increase of them, no one in authority gives assistance for a supply. Many foot captains formerly appointed are greatly to be suspected for bearing overmuch favour unto recusants, many being near allied to them, and divers have recusants in their houses with them; yet for sundry respects I have forborne the execution of my bounden duty in removing them. —Undated.|
PS.—As I had ended this Wednesday late in the evening,
seven days after the date of those letters sent from your honourable table, the messenger delivered your letters to me. The
state of this country is in my former lines amongst other
grievances briefly imparted, and the sudden amendment with
such help as I have is very hard. To require captains of horse
and foot to muster their men would breed great suspicion of
that report which already is too general; so to suffer them to
sleep too long may prove very inconvenient. To assemble
ourselves now in the heat of the grievous flying reports would
confirm the opinion of those which are already too confident
in that report. For the present I will forthwith send to my
deputies in every division and to the sheriff and capital towns a
copy of the letters sent me, with such other remembrance as
I shall think fit for prevention of these inconveniences which
we are required to foresee.
PS. 2.—Confined recusants, of the better sort, travel abroad at their pleasure without licence.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 2 pp. (102. 128, 129.)
|[Sir George Carew] to Lord Cecil.|
|.||To be informed what horse and [foot] the undertakers of Munster and Ulster, the gentlemen of the King's and Queen's Counties, and others in that kingdom ought to serve his Majesty withal in times of rebellion, and how long they are so bound to do by their tenures.|
|To consider whether it were not good to compound with the above for victual and money in lieu of those services, towards the maintenance of the necessary forts and wards. This is worth considering, for in the last rebellion neither the undertakers of Munster nor the gentlemen of the King's and Queen's Counties assisted the State with a man, and the like may be hereafter feared.|
The risings out for general postings is to be advised of, what
benefit the State receives thereby, and whether it were better
to continue it as it is or to compound for that service.
To advise what profit may accrue to his Majesty by rents concealed, reviving of tenures, concealed lands, reliefs, &c., &c.
Note at foot: All these particulars were presented to your
lordship in a project. It were not inconvenient in my opinion
that all the project were considered, and the dross may be
Holograph. 1 p. (130. 149.)
|Sir John Cary and Captain Thomas Jackson.|
|.||"The state of the cause in question betwixt Sir John Cary and Capt. Thomas Jackson."|
|My late Lord Hunsdon, moved in conscience to satisfy some wrongs done to my father and eldest brother, was very desirous to advance my fortunes, and sent Sir John Cary to assure me he would give me a company in Berwick, for he could not then procure me a company for Brittany.|
|After this company fell in Berwick my lord had many suitors for it, but he reserved the same for me then being in France, whence he sent for me to take the charge thereof openly affirming that I had better deserved than any they could prefer unto him. Sir John Cary being the deputy governor of Berwick entreated of my lord that he might have the same for a time until he were disposed of, towards the maintenance of his table, having then no fee from her Majesty, as also to satisfy some debt due to the company by his brother which he has not yet paid: whereto I was content to yield and persuaded my lord thereto.|
|Sir John Cary promised the late Lord Treasurer and the Earl of Essex that as soon as he was established Marshal or otherwise disposed of by her Majesty, I should have the company. Whereupon when Lord Willoughby was appointed governor of Berwick he was commanded to enter me into the said company, and Sir Jo. Cary was established Marshal, who by his powerful friends procured letters to Lord Willoughby not to be discharged of any of his places before her Majesty's pleasure further known.|
|Also at the entering of Captain Skinner when I made known to her Majesty my interest to that company, her Majesty commanded I should have it, and that no such places should be sold and bought. Yet Sir Jo. Cary informing her Majesty against me procured that the cause might be heard by some of the Council; which he himself wilfully refused and by his power and cunning defrauded me thereof at that time. Sir Jo. Cary hath not only forced me to forsake Berwick, where I was born, and made me disgraceful there, but also in the Court and to my friends, and forced me to voluntary banishment out of this land, whereof I was prevented.|
I omit divers disgraces he sought to lay upon me; and lastly
at Tyballs he gave me the lie and said he would have thrust his
dagger in me if the place had not privileged me. Whereupon I
was forced by letter to dare him to appoint time, place, weapons,
and the quality of the person that he would bring with him,
and he should find me ready, and so to satisfy each other: which
he refused, but referred me to his Majesty to be righted by him.
His Majesty having referred the state of this cause to your honours I crave to be righted.
First, that I may be restored to that company from which
Sir John Cary has so long detained me that I am brought to
extreme want; and in regard he has possessed it so long and
made so great benefit thereof, that he may repay me 100l. my
lord his father had of me, and what further consideration you
shall think good.
Next, what satisfaction you shall think fit for my disgraces.
Lastly, whereas it is well known that both my father and myself have desired well of this state and that I have been kept back
from all preferment by the power and malice of Sir John Cary,
that you would remember our former services unto his Majesty.
2 pp. Endorsed: "1603." (102. 142.)
|William Cave to Lord Cecil.|
Coming to town and seeing many of meaner rank
than myself to have received the honour of knighthood, I,
your poor kinsman, was encouraged to hope and by these lines
to entreat you to recommend me to his Majesty for the like
honour. My estate I know will equal some of theirs that be
already knighted, and my desert I hope shall rank with theirs
of like degree.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 2/3 p. (102. 143.)
|[Sir Robert or Lord Cecil] to Lord —|
I have received, with the comfortable letter of his
Majesty's welldoing, for which we all praise God, another
letter from you, signifying his Majesty's pleasure that there
should be no more proceedings in the two parks at Brigstock
[Northampton], which shall be straight obeyed, though by her
late Majesty's patent I have the fee farm, and pay a rent to the
Crown for ever, with 300l. per annum to my Lord Chamberlain
for his life, and to my Lady after him, besides a round sum of
money to her Majesty's use. But I write not as if I had a dear
pennyworth, for her Majesty intended it to me both as a reward
for my service, and as an argument of her favour, of which gift
to me, my office excepted, which I have had but 4 years, if ever
all the records of England can show that I hold five pounds of
land or lease to me or mine, I will renounce my sovereign's
favour, which I hold dearer than my life. But the manner of
the complaint only delivered in the name of the poor, though
seconded by the envy of the rich, is remarkable for some things:
one as it has reference to his Majesty's honour, another as it
touches me. If his Majesty will allow that they shall prescribe
him what he shall do with his parks whilst he holds them, or when
they are given, it will be the ready way to have all the parks of
England laid common, as, when I shall wait upon his Majesty,
I shall show him very good reason. For myself, it is an argument,
for which I thank God, that they are able to charge me with no
more capital crimes than the disparking of a couple of parks,
given me in her Majesty's time under the Great Seal, when they
forget so many others. I have therefore sent commandment to
stay all proceedings, and value not so much the profit of the whole
parks as Mr. Montegue, who had them in farm before, did esteem
a 1,000 of those sheep he kept in them, with which no fault
was then found, nor should have been if I had sold them to him
at his own price. Howsoever therefore this may confirm the
triumph of some base enemies, that I am made the first example,
yet considering that his Majesty commands this in respect of
his own recreation, for whose satisfaction my blood should not
be spared, I sent this commandment to my servants, and will
for the present make no other suit, but that his Majesty will
cause some indifferent persons to examine whether I have done
anything contrary to law or justice, or whether I have not used
that charity towards the poor tenants of Brigstock which never
was used before, no, not by those that held these parks only as
keepers, and paid not one penny for them. In which particular
point, before I came to his Majesty, the principal tenants
coming to me, upon suspicion that I would have proceeded as
many others would have done, they went away from me protesting and professing that, howsoever some of their neighbours
had played the fools, they would pray for me, and would be
suitors to his Majesty to take notice thereof to me: for which if
I bring not hands sufficient I will crave no favour. I pray you
let his Majesty know my answer, and how I have proceeded
with my men, who if they have sold a deer or killed a deer and
not turned them into his Majesty's grounds, they have abused
me; for amends whereof I will not fail but to dispark my own
park, out of which I can furnish 500 deer, to be put into his
Majesty's own grounds, whereof I have the keeping within a
mile of my house: where when his Majesty comes he shall find
10,000 sheep in the prettiest ground he has in England, which
might all be prevented, and the people satisfied if men might
take any order with cottagers that encroach in this sort upon
all the parks and chases he has in England.—Undated.
Draft with corrections by Cecil. 8 pp. (132. 38.)
|[Lord Cecil] to the Lord Chief Baron and the other Barons of the Exchequer.|
I am certified by my deputies in my farm of silk
that Henry Southworth and Bevill Mowlsworth, two of his
Majesty's waiters of the port of London, have been much envied
by some of the officers of the port, and often unjustly molested
by others both for their endeavours to serve his Majesty and
their diligence to assist my deputies; which I believe is true
because I have found some cross measure by some of the officers.
I understand also that an English bill is depending before you
in the Court of Exchequer preferred by one William Gerrard
against Moulsworth and Southworth, which I am informed is
but matter of molestation, because the suit is not brought against
them in due form of law by information or original action
according to the Statute 18 Eliz. As I am not willing to entreat
for any favour if they have evil demeaned themselves, so am
I unwilling they should endure unjust molestation for their
employment in my farm, or be hindered from his Majesty's
service to continue the following law of causes. They desire
me to write to you that they may be dismissed with costs as
John Robinson, the searcher of London, late was by judgment
of that court upon a like English bill preferred by one George
Fenner. Nevertheless I knowing well what is fit to be recommended to persons in your place, who are to proceed upon proofs
and not allegations, do only in general show you my desire to
have them favoured as far as is reasonable.—Undated.
Draft, the latter portion in Cecil's hand.
Endorsed: "1603." 1½ pp. (102. 148.)
|[Lord Cecil] to [Lord Norreys].|
I am still moved by Sir Edward Norris and his friends
that the matter to be heard by my Lord Keeper and myself
may be drawn to some resolution; wherein I confess that the
gentleman seems not unwilling to come to any reason. I have
answered that if he would choose some one for him, I would
move you to do the like for yourself, only to hear some one of
your counsel of each side in the matter, by which course the
cause may be so well prepared as their report may enable us to
set down some such opinion as may reduce your controversies
to final conclusions. I desire your answer that I may inform
him who it is you will choose for the same purpose. Whereof
if you be not provided I would think Sir Walter Cope, who is my
niece's kinsman, a very fit man, the rather for that Sir Edward
has named his father-in-law, whose quality and his are equal.
Nevertheless, if your lordship mislike of the course or think
it fit to name some other, I shall readily incline to your own will
and pleasure.—From the Court.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603." Copy of my lord's letter to my lord Norrys." 1 p. (102. 149.)
|[Probably before July 9, vide pp. 177, 178 supra.]|
|[The Same] to [the Lord Chief Justice?].|
Your lordship has so much proof, I hope, of my
religion to God and reverence to you, as the principal Justice of
this kingdom, that I shall not need to use long prefaces to assure
you that I favour no wilful crimes nor ever mean to make any
proposition unworthy of your sincerity. One Thomas Lane is
to receive his trial before [you for] the killing of a man, whose
life I confess I should be very glad to save. I have many
probabilities to suspect that much rancour is used in the prosecution and that the coroner has dealt but indirectly in it. You
will be pleased to use some narrow circumspection into the
circumstances of the carriage of the cause. I would be silent
if I were persuaded that he had a murderous heart in the action,
nor would I write to you if I were not secure that you free me
at all times from having a thought that any mediation can carry
you to the right hand or to the left in matter of justice.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603. Copy to my Lord Chief Baron." 1 p. (102. 150.)
|[Lord Cecil] to the Landgrave of Hesse.|
Your extraordinary goodwill to this estate in
general, besides your particular affection to its Princes both in my
dear Mistress's time and now especially makes it becoming for me
to reverence and honour both your person and virtues. It has
pleased you to honour me in particular with your letters. As
you have, out of an extraordinary love to our nation, laboured
and attained to the perfection of our language, I have resolved
the better to keep you in use and the more naturally to express my
thoughts to return this answer in my own tongue. His Majesty
with very great thankfulness has received your letter, has heard
this gentleman Mr. Segar at large with very good favour, and
has so well conceived your mind towards him in all things as
I doubt not but it will appear both by his Majesty's own letters,
and his relation, that your professions have taken in his mind
a deep impression. I shall always be ready to perform all
services fit for an honest man.—Undated.
Draft with many corrections by Cecil. 1½ pp. (102. 152.)
|The Chandos Estates.|
Requests of Lady Kennedy, wife of Sir John Kennedy,
with respect to terms of settlement between her and Lord
Chandos, as to Sudley, and other possessions.
1 p. (146. 104.)
"Lady Kennedy's reasons to the new values urged by Lord
Chandos." This concerns her claims to Sudley, and the rest
of her inheritance, and proposes terms of settlement.
1 p. (146. 106.)
Demands of Frances, Lady Chandos, with respect to terms of
settlement for the Chandos property.
1 p. (146. 107.)
"The demand and humble desire of Frances, Lady Chandos, in
the cause committed to your lordships by way of arbitrament."
1 sheet. (146. 108.)
Requests of Lord Chandos, with respect to terms of settlement
for the Chandos property.
1½ pp. (146. 109.)
Statement with respect to the Chandos property.
1 sheet. (146. 110.)
|Robert Churchman to Lord Cecil.|
It had been my duty long ere this to have showed
my rejoicing for your great grace and favour with the King,
but extraordinary businesses prevented me, especially the great
pains I have taken to devise some course for Ireland. The case
standing as it does, either the exchange [is] to be currently maintained, or else good silver to be presently instituted. For
maintaining the exchange I have devised a course which I doubt
not will be very beneficial both to the King and subjects: and I
persuade myself if you "patronage" the cause it shall be worth
to you 1,000l. by the year, and yet no indirect dealing toward
any. Thus much I dare presume; it shall be a mean the King
shall so temper either their excess or defect in trade that it shall
be in his power whether they shall be rich or poor, neither shall
they strengthen themselves either with munition for war or
any other extraordinary commodities, but still you shall have
knowledge of it. And whereas the common received opinion
of the Irish is that the principal cause of all the rebellions in
Ireland has been the indirect dealing of the officers in authority
over them, by this means all will be salved; for as no great store
of wealth is to be hoped for there few or none will have any
pleasure to sue for places of authority, but such only as respect
more their honours and good of the commonwealth than their
private. If it be the King's pleasure to have silver there again
there will be a great loss to some, either to the King, or to the
subjects, unless one course be followed, which I will impart to
you. Your kind acceptance of anything heretofore imparted
to you has emboldened me once more to tender this course to
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603. For the alteration of the coin in Ireland, to be digested." 1 p. (102. 151.)
|The Countess of Clanricarde to Lord Cecil.|
Begs his favour with the King for the renewal of her
lease of Casbrooke in the Isle of Wight. Speaks of herself as
"the unfortunate widow of one whom you had no cause to affect
for your particular," and "the wife of one whom I hope you
assure yourself of perfect and absolute interest."—Undated.
Holograph. Signed: Fra. Clanricard. Endorsed: "1603." 1p. (187. 148.)
[Margin:—This was after the apprehension of Copley.] When Sir Griffin Markham suspecting himself guilty of
treason came unto his lordship [Cobham] to desire a pass to
go through the ports beyond the seas, his lordship said he should
have it but would not grant it. Whereupon Markham made
means by Mr. George Brooke that his lordship might grant him
the pass, but he could not obtain it; whereupon Mr. Brooke
expostulating the matter with his brother desired his lordship
to lend him 10l., and after that in talk disclosed to his lordship
that he would convey away Markham with the said 10l., and that
Markham was guilty of some treasonable action. His lordship
before that never knew generally nor specially of any of those
treasonable purposes, nor then consorted or assisted the same
nor did any other act therein but lent the 10l. and disclosed not
the same practice.
What manner of offence this is, is the question.
His lordship is accused that he should utter these words— "It will never be well until the fox and his cubs be shut up," or "so long as the fox and his cubs remain," meaning as the indictment intendeth the King.
|In the accusation it is not set down upon what talk he used these speeches, whether they were an answer to any treasonable communication.|
|This he is accused of by his own brother Mr. George Brooke who is his next heir, and who, as sundry ways shall be proved, hath practised and desired his lordship's death, having overspent himself, who publisheth that although he be in prison for the like offence as Copley, yet hath grant from the King under his seal that he shall lose neither life, lands nor goods but be recompensed for his troubles, because he did but sound and conceal all guilty consciences and gave notice thereof to the King.|
|Markham saith that he asked Mr. George Brooke how my lord was affected with their plot? and he said very well, for my lord said "It would never be well until the fox and his cubs were shut up."|
My lord utterly denieth these words: and note withal they
themselves confess my lord was never acquainted with their
plot until after the 10l. lent Mr. Brooke as aforesaid, at which
time Mr. Brooke voluntarily disclosed the same unto him, and
these words "the fox and his cubs" are pretended to be spoken
before the apprehension of Copley, when Mr. Brooke and Copley
conferred of their treason.
Question. Whether these words of themselves be treason or what offence they be.
Secondly, whether Mr. Brooke be a competent accuser or witness.
Thirdly, whether there must not be two accusers by the provision of the statute of 5 Edw. VI, cap. ii?
|His lordship is also untruly accused by his brother only that he should say to the said Mr. Brooke these words "You and the rest of your company work upon the 'bie' but Sir Walter Ralegh and I work upon the 'mayne'."|
It is not alleged upon what matter his lordship spoke these
words. It is not alleged by Mr. Brooke nor any of his complices
what treason they intended, or that they intended any treason.
Question. What offence these words are to the King?
|His lordship hath confessed that he had conference with Count Aremberg, the Archduke's ambassador, concerning the peace to be concluded between the Archduke and the States; and for effecting that peace for the good of the Archduke Aremberg doth confess that some hundred thousand crowns should have been disbursed.|
|But his lordship confesseth by his own letter to the King that he purposed to have appointed the payment of the said crowns in England, and that he would have travelled into Spain to the intent to have wrought some act to disturb the State here in England; but what or in what manner or with whom he never imagined, and this his vain imagination he never set down in writing for his own remembrance or to impart to any man, saving by the Lord Cecil's intreaty by the letters aforesaid since his imprisonment.|
|Question is, what manner of treason this is, whether it can be any imagination of treason?|
Secondly, whether an uncertain imagination can be treason,
or any imagination can be treason at this day by the Statute
of 25 Edw. III which is not proved by some overt act as the case
in 1 Mary, Brooke trial; and for what cause the statutes of 1
Edw. VI & 1 & 2 Philip and Mary were, that provide that
imagination by word, printing, or ciphering should be loss of
goods and profit of lands for the first and second offence, and
treason for the third offence.
This is the true copy of the case sent me: the original I intend to show unto the Lord Chancellor.
Endorsed by Cecil: "The L. Cobham's questions by Gosnall." 3 pp. (102. 101.)
1603. Accounts of Richard Mellersh, Steward to Sir Henry
Brooke, Lord Cobham, for one year.
19 pp. (145. 90.)
Extracts from Exchequer records relating to the
family of Brooke, Lords Cobham, and their lands in Kent.
Latin. 2 pp. (145. 204.)
|Lord Cobham to the King.|
The truth and bottom of my offences I have delivered
to the Council. More than I have confessed, God is my witness
I cannot. The satisfaction that I can make for my misfortunes
is my hearty and true repentance. I hope they will be witness
for me unto your Majesty that it is not unfeigned, for God is my
record no man can be more sorry for his fault than myself.
How this may move your Majesty, that must be my hearty
prayer to God, who has the guiding of all princes' hearts; but
this I will say, your mercy shall be bestowed on him that will
daily pray for your Majesty and your royal issue, defying the
malice of any that can lay so wicked and false imputations on
me, which my heart abhors to think, much less to speak. God
open your Majesty's heart to mercy and move you to give me
comfort in my afflictions.—Undated.
Contemporary copy. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (187. 149.)
|Attorney General Coke to Lord Cecil.|
|.||1. This attempt for the clerkship of the outlawries concerns my freehold, for it is so inseparable to my place as none can have it but he that is Attorney General. If the King should grant the clerkship of the outlawries when there were no Attorney General, and after make an Attorney General, he should have the clerkship and avoid the grant: à fortiori the grant is void there being an Attorney General.|
|2. The clerkship of the outlawries requires skill and confidence. Therefore the grant being made to a man unlearned in law is void.|
3. These judges of the law cannot allow of any other to be
clerk of the outlawries but the Attorney General. I have
deputed Antrobus to be my substitute and he is allowed by the
Court of Common Pleas. God forbid I should disturb him to his
undoing. I know the Lord Keeper will affirm as much as I have
said, and join with your lordship in my defence herein. I heard
his Majesty say that he had given commandment to my Lord
Keeper and you to stay any grant either unlawful or dishonourable. Any step downward were fatal for me, and death to poor,
honest Antrobus, and therefore I pray you take hold of his
Majesty's commandment and let it sleep perpetually, or let it
stay until my Lord Chief Justice satisfy you herein for law.
I am to attend tomorrow for 2 great causes, one of Mr. Nevill's, the other for Sir Rich. Fynes.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 2 pp. (102. 158.)
|Sir Walter Cope to the Same.|
|.||Upon your other day's motion I have enclosed a few arguments of the three estates of government and something for and against them. I have added three or four opinions in them of monarchy; concerning ancient opinions how kings have esteemed subjects and used them in tumultuous humours.|
[Margin in another hand: "fyt for the present."] If you
please to have any more of these first arguments, you may have
a quire of paper full. But for the matter of wards the less you
oppose against it the better. It is a piece of work so full of
knots as no wit can well work out. Which will be better least
for them to find out than your self. I have taken a mighty
cold but hope to see your Honour shortly.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ¼ p. (188. 3.)
|John Crane and others to the Same.|
|.||Already feeling the want of our late lessened entertainments we and our poor families being many must seek our relief by participating with the townsmen here and intercommoning in the fields belonging to this town. Seeing our lessened estates cannot stand if his Majesty give away from the poor inhabitants any part of that which should minister relief to many thousands of poor people natives of this place, and as the mayor and townsmen are now soliciting your favour for their and our relief in this behalf, afford us your mediation towards his Highness for the continuance of the whole bounds to the common use of the town and the perpetual good of succeeding posterity.—Undated.|
Signed: "John Crane; Robert Carvill for myself and my
late company; John Twyforde for myself and my late company; William Boyer; Peter Mewtys for myself and my late
company; Leonard Morton for myself and my late company
of horsemen; John Shaftow for myself and my late company of
horsemen; Henry Sysson, master gunner, for myself and all the
Endorsed: "1603. Mr. Crane with certain Captains of Berwick to my lord." Seal. 1 p. (102. 123.)
|Sir Herbert Croft's Case.|
|.||The state of Sir Thomas Aeeskin's cause to the King against Sir Herbert Crofte, by the solicitation of some of his adversaries whose names as yet he knows not, but hopes that Sir Thomas Aeeskin, being truly informed, will be pleased to have due consideration in the further prosecution of the cause.|
|Sir Herbert Crofte by his mere industry and very great charges reduced unto the late Queen a title of the tenures of about fiftysix manors in one county, whereof the lands of Humfrey Baskervyle esquire were part; and were by a fraudulent office found in 31 Eliz. withdrawn, by force whereof the tenures of all the rest of the said manors, depending all upon that title, had been likewise utterly lost from the Crown, which is a thing of unknown value; besides the profits of the said Mr. Baskervile's land for fourteen years past, and for above four years yet to come.|
|In effecting this Sir Herbert Crofte has spent a whole year's suit in law and travail, and well nigh 500l. in money out of his purse.|
|In consideration of which, as also of a great fine yet to be paid to his Majesty, the said Sir Herbert has obtained a lease of the said Mr. Baskervile's lands according to the usual course of the Court of Wards; and pays about 80l. rent yearly for the same.|
|The pretence of the said suit by Sir Herbert's adversaries is to have a remission of the arrearages due to his Majesty for the fourteen years past.|
|But by colour thereof, if Sir Herbert be not first provided for, those petitioners are likely to carry from him in covert manner the benefit of what belongs to him by virtue of his lease to his great loss.|
Sir Herbert Crofte does not go about to be an impediment of
his Majesty's bounty in bestowing of what is truly intended
to be procured by the said Sir Thomas Aeeskyn from his Majesty,
nor wishes any burden to be laid upon the young gentleman,
who is his Majesty's ward, but only prays that consideration
may be had in the grant that Sir Herbert be not wronged in
what belongs to him, and to that end may be admitted to the
privity of that grant before it pass, which he hopes Sir Thomas
Aeeskin will think reasonable.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (188. 4.)
Mr. Cromwell humbly desires that whereas before
the marriage of the Lady Palavicina there were divers articles
indented between Thomas, Lord Howard of Walden, and others,
amongst which one was that the said Mr. Cromwell should either
give security or otherwise pay in all such sums of money and
do all other things which should be thought fit by your lordship's
counsel and hers in performing of the true meaning of the last
will and testament of Sir Horatio Palavicina, knight, deceased,
for the better advancement of his children and for the safe
answering of all such things he entered into a statute of 20,000l.
to the said Lord Howard and others, until such times as all things
be perfected. In the meantime he desires your Honour's letters
unto Mr. Doctor Gibson that he may grant administration to the
said Mr. Cromwell and the Lady Palavicina his wife, for the
gathering of such debts as are not yet received; and that the
said administration may be granted upon small and ordinary
bond in respect of the statute of 20,000l. before given in.
Endorsed: "Mr. Oliver Cromwell's request." ½ p. (188. 5.)
|The Earl of Cumberland to Lord Cecil.|
When your letters came to the justices in Hertfordshire
I was a hunting, where most of them were. They entreated
me to be a mean that their men might be lodged for the time they
tarry in this service where there shall be least danger for taking
the infection, which men coming out of fresh air will be very
apt for. If there could be some tents out of the Tower it would
give best contentment to any that shall now be drawn to
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. ½ p. (102. 164.)
|The Same to the Same.|
Without much inconvenience I cannot come to you,
for so far from my thought was this day's extraordinary business
as not being well I took physic. Notwithstanding if you think
I may not without miscensure be spared I will come to you, and
now and ever avow what yesternight at the Board we all
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (124. 23.)
|Edward Curle to Lord Cecil.|
Desires from the King the reversion of his father's
place in the Court of Wards, for which he is qualified by
study and observation. By the example of these times offices
are not likely to be hereditary. This is the furthest of his hopes.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (102. 162.)
|Sir John Davis to the Same.|
According to your direction I wrote you what had
passed from my lord of Southampton, how far he had charged
me, yet was pleased to remove that tax also if my Lord Admiral
and you advertised him that that were Sir Fer. Gorges's true
confession. How much I have sought to obtain his favour his
lordship can best witness. To lose the favour of any noble
gentleman were small discretion in me, considering the strange
practices for my disgrace of late; but only to you have I
ever made particular devotion of my service. So that if my
lord of Southampton be assured to you he cannot make any
doubt but that I must be most faithful to him.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 2/3 p. (102. 170.)
|The Countess of Derby to her cousin, Lord Cecil.|
I understand by my son Chandos that he has moved
the King for the Lieutenancy of Gloucestershire. His answer
was very gracious, that willingly he would grace him with the
place, if Lord Berkeley might be wrought to surcease his suit
for the same ; but if not, his Majesty said they should be joined
in commission together. I entreat you to favour my son
Chandos so much for my sake, as that he be not crossed in this
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Two seals. ½ p. (102. 174.)
|E. Countess of Desmond to Lord Cecil.|
Want doth occasion me to import your Honour rather
with my letter, in that I fear your more serious affairs will not
permit my speedy discharge in my suit preferred to you and the
rest my Lords of the Council. I was bound to your good father
for many favours. I pray continuance thereof by yourself.
My suit is that you will vouchsafe me that favour, as to be the
mean for my speedy discharge. Your lordship knows my wants
will not permit further delay and my demands, all being granted,
will not defray my charges. I have four poor ladies my
daughters to prefer besides to live thereon (in sort) myself.
That yearly pension I have of her late Majesty's bounty is but
275l. yearly during my life, the arrears whereof I crave with
continuance and that small portion of my late unfortunate
husband's lands assured to my use long before his fall, being not
the tenth of his living. I doubt not by your good means to
the rest of the lords, both in regard of my dutiful behaviour,
chargeable and tedious suits these twenty years and upwards,
as also that I am destitute of a place of abode both for me and
mine, but that you will restore me to the same. Let me entreat
to be remitted accordingly, yet, rather than contend or be
delayed, I desire that yearly rent, due by the undertakers, which
I hope they being called, by your direction, will not deny;
but if they do disagree from my just request, then your lordship
to afford me the favour required in my petition.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." 2/3 p. (188. 6.)
|Ambrose Dudley to Lord Cecil.|
|.||My old adversary Sir William Constable has not yet left off to trouble me about the lease of Chopwell, which your father bestowed upon me for my service, and at this instant is earnestly in suit to his Highness to expulse me. Though I doubt not the validity of my lease being confirmed both by her late Majesty and the law, yet knowing not how far Sir William's importunities may work with his Majesty, I am constrained to beseech you to continue your favour towards me, and if it might be to acquaint his Highness with my title, not doubting but he will in his clemency weigh the equity of my cause. My father being now mayor of Newcastle, and his Majesty at his coming thither, taking some more than ordinary notice of his service, commanded me to be sworn one of his household servants.—Undated.|
PS.—Sir William Constable first moved his Majesty herein
at Newcastle, at which time his Highness absolutely denied to
grant his request. Yet he still follows him with great
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 2.)
|The Same to the Same.|
I cannot follow my own businesses, but am constrained
to send this bearer, my poor wife, as a suitor in my behalf. The
cause of my suit is touching a debt of 600l. which I fell into in
her late Majesty's time, by reason of great suits and troubles
which I then had. This debt his Majesty at Newcastle promised
to instal, and at that time also took me to be his sworn servant,
whereupon I followed him hither. Albeit he has since been
favourably inclined towards me, yet my Lord Treasurer carries
so heavy a hand over me as not to suffer his Majesty to instal it,
and sought to lay me in prison, and now has also sequestered me
from my office of Customer of Newcastle. Whereas his Majesty
was pleased to confirm my lease of Chopwell, and therein
signified his pleasure to my Lord Treasurer and Sir George
Howme, who both gave order to Mr. Attorney for drawing of
my lease, his lordship now stays it so that I am bereft of all the
little means I had to pay his Majesty in time. I beseech you
to move my Lord Treasurer to be good to me. Herein either
our happiness or the wreck of me, my wife, and four children
depends upon your lordship's goodness.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 4.)
|The Fellows of Emmanuel College to [Lord Cecil?]|
We have received the King's letters for the choosing of
one Samuel Birde of our College into a fellowship. The like have
in her late Majesty's time been procured, and by your means,
for the reasons then alleged, satisfied. The freedom of election
whereunto we are tied by our statutes and oaths is hindered
and our Founder's good intentions frustrated. Such precedents
would be an occasion that his Majesty should be troubled with
many like suits and the unworthy preferred before the worthy,
whereunto our statutes and oaths presently bind us. The
Church should lastly be hindered, whereof we are to have
special care that such be preferred as are likest to prove able
ministers therein. Our suit is that you will entertain this
cause, not doubting of the like effect from his Majesty.—
Endorsed : "1603." 2/3 p. (136. 118.)
|The Ladies Jane and Ellen FitzGerald to the Same.|
Although the misery of our estate is such as we are
ashamed to make it manifest to the world, yet we are constrained
to acquaint you with our want. We have been humble
petitioners to his Majesty for some living to maintain our distressed estates, having no other means of living in the world
but such as it shall please him to grant us. He graciously
answered the Master of Requests, that he was well pleased to
grant us what living should be thought sufficient by your
Honour and the rest of the Privy Council, to whom he had
referred these causes. Because your lordship ever stood the
best friend that either our brother or selves have had, we beseech
you now to assign us some proportionable living to our estates
Signed: Ja. Gerrald, Ell. Gerrald. Endorsed: "1603. Young ladys of Desmonde to my Lord." ½ p. (188. 7.)
|W. Fowler to the Same.|
I understand that Sir Roger Wilbraham is discontented
I should keep the privy signet or seal, which should be a warrant
to him. Calling to mind your assurance, at my last access,
anent the same, and the orders set down at Winchester by the
Council, signed by the Queen, I am the more secure, and will
forbear to trouble your retiredness, except with these few words
of prayer, to maintain me in the liberties of my office, and also
of the clerkship and register of the Chancery, together with a
fee of 5l. per ann. which one Powell, a very sufficient man,
possesses by her Majesty's consent now of late.—Undated.
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 8.)
|French Ambassador to [Lord Cecil].|
A sentence was given in the Court of Admiralty, and
execution granted against certain victuallers of pirates' ships.
The said victuallers now appeal to the Lord Chancellor, contrary
to his Majesty's express proclamation, denying all appeals in
cases of depredation, until first the sum adjudged be paid, as it
was agreed in her late Majesty's time. The French ambassador
prays you to speak to the Lord Chancellor of England to
forbear to grant letters of appeal. This is a matter he
affectionately follows because it is earnestly recommended
him by his father, besides that it will be of evil example in
like cases here.—Undated.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 9.)
|Lady Elizabeth Gorges to the Same.|
I am enforced to trouble you having so sudden
unlooked for sorrow happened to me as this Mr. Gorges's imprisonment. I know he is not guilty of any disloyalty to his prince or
country, but a true subject for whom I pawn my life and all
mine to be a gage. I crave that he may be a prisoner in his own
house, by reason of this contagious time of infection, and being
not able myself in his absence to govern my household, having
been a long time sick. In pity to me and my poor little ones
grant this my suit.—"Your poore kinswoman."—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603" Two seals over blue silk. 1 p. (102. 103a.)
|The Same to the Same.|
If any of Mr. Gorges's friends or kin, which I hear
are in trouble, be found more disloyal than they should be to
their King and country, let that be no cause of jealousy to his
loyalty. He has not been a favourite of any of their fortunes
and I trust he shall not taste of their disgraces. If he have
offended you any way I beseech you forget and forgive it. I
have heard him often say he was heartily sorry for your disfavour towards him. I should think myself highly bound to
you to be assured of your favour to him. Since I was his wife
his love to you was such as that you might have commanded
him no man more.—This Friday morning.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (102. 103.)
|Lady Elizabeth Gorges to Lord Cecil.|
Most humble thanks for your favourable letter.
My sorrow has been greater out of love to Mr. Gorges than any
cause of fear; for I know he has a free conscience, and [is]
subject to a just prince and an upright state. I crave that either
Mr. Gorges may come to answer to his accusation, or attend
your pleasure a prisoner in his own house.—Kew, this Sunday
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (102. 104.)
|Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Earl of Worcester, the Lord Chamberlain, and Lord Cecil of the Privy Council.|
When I was at Richmond before your honours it
pleased my Lord Chamberlain and my Lord Cecyll to will me to
send for those papers that Sir Richard Monpenson took out of
my study; whereof the greatest part are returned me sealed
with my Lord Chamberlain's seal. I find some wanting, which
now are of small moment, being but needless remembrances of
matters far better ordered since. As they were written in a
time unsettled when the authority of the former age surceased
and all justice and magistracy was to take new life from the
power of a new prince, I hope that my humble endeavours then
dedicated to the service of his Majesty and my country shall not
be taken in ill part. I therefore beseech that those papers as
heretics may be committed to the fire and that I myself be their
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." 2/3 p. (188. 12.)
|Sir Thomas Gorges to the King.|
|.||He served in the Queen's Privy Chamber 31 years, receiving 60l. a year, besides lodging and diet for himself and three servants; and was afterwards advanced to the place of gentleman of her Robes. She also granted to him and three others the new office of making writs of subpoena, which he discovered, the reversion whereof she intended to grant to three of his sons, but this was prevented by her death. The King has disposed of the first of these offices to Sir George Hume; and has given the reversion of the other to Sir Thomas Erskine and Sir Thomas Lake, for which petitioner paid 1,000l. He has also ordered him to destroy all the conies in Gilforde Park. In the whole he has lost 700l. a year. For making the garden and orchard at Richmond he has spent 200l. There is due to him over 200l. for his services in the carrick. The King has also taken into his hands 200 acres for making the Park at Richmond, whereby petitioner is hindered 100l. a year.|
|By the death of the Marquis of Northampton (whose wife petitioner has married) there came to the crown lands of the yearly value of 1,200l., 400l. of which he has as his wife's dower, of which 400l. Sir Francis Walsingham purchased 50l. in reversion, leaving 350l. a year. He begs for a reversion of these lands.—Undated.|
Note at foot by Cecil: "Two hundred pounds yearly during
his life. A lease in reversion of 100 marks yearly for 21 years,
after her decease. No money."
Petition. (196. 136.)
|Another copy of above. (196. 135.)|
|Anne Goring to Lord Cecil.|
I understand by my Lord Souch, that your lordship
is pleased to give end and perfection to that charitable work
of installing the former ordered debt at a lower rate, for which
I hold myself bound, and beseech you now at the conclusion
that the yearly payment may be according to my petition,
which was by five hundred marks the year.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 10.)
|.||On Saturday last, being the 21 day of this present month, I Francis Wandesford, of Preston in Skerne, Durham, came to Kirkby Malside near Rippon to lodge, upon my own private affairs. Alighting at the house of Christopher Mawlam, innkeeper, [I] espied there a young youth. Upon the first sight my mind gave me that that youth was one of the two brothers of the Gowyres contained in his Majesty's proclamation, because about 3 years ago I had seen him at Durham, and to confirm my opinion I purposely fell in talk with him of his country, acquaintance in those parts, and of his occasions. For his country he said he was born at Wutton, Durham, but by the misnaming of the place, and knowing none at all thereabouts, it did confirm my suspicion.|
I further questioning him, and finding many contrarieties
in his answers, besides observing him to be dismayed upon
conference with me, that he could not abstain from weeping.
I was so confident that forthwith I charged the said Mawlam
with his safe custody that night; who most dutifully performed
my charge, and early the next morning acquainted the youth
that I had discovered him, and meant to attach him, but (with
a good honest intent) promised that if he were the party he
would procure his escape, because he was his guest; which the
youth confessed, offering him 20s. for his kindness, which
Mawlam denied and joyed with me privately that I had observed
him so well. Betimes the next morning I sent him for a justice
of peace (being myself a private man) for my better assistance,
who went and acquainted Sir Wm. Ingleby, who presently
repaired and received the charge of the party at my hands.
The carriage the party had about him was a satchel or stroller's
bag, stuffed with some books, and a few pothecary confections,
and to my remembrance the King's proclamation touching the
two Gowryes. And Sir William taking the party to his charge,
I repaired with all speed hither to give his Majesty as timely
information as I could by your honourable means.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 11 (1).)
|The Master of Gray.|
"It. I pray you to bring me a sword and a dager
blak gardes not long.
To bring vithe you ye jouels if thay be redy.
To bring a pannag all blak for a gentlewoman.
To bring sum gould and silver of ye grytest sort for gentlewomen to scheu vithe.
It. to provyd for sum tapisaerie for to hang tua chalmers and at your homco[m]ing all shalbe renbursit.
It. mair to bring vithe you a silver basin and laver the lichtest yt ye can find, gilt only in ye bordis to serve a chalmer.
It. to bring home a hat for my vyf, if it be possible of Venise." —Undated.
Holograph. Signed: "Mr of Gray." ½ p. (103. 11(2).)
|Sir Ralph Gray to Lord Cecil.|
We have to the best of our understanding observed
and effected his Majesty's commission, and as near as possibly
have drawn the rates to the least proportion and charge to his
Highness. I sent a gentleman belonging to your Honour
(who as yet is not returned), with whom my letter to you was
for that favourable acceptance of my humble suit touching this
garrison, in such sort as my desire was to show myself in his
Highness's service, to have that now which you think most fit,
and as shall best please you.
This gentleman, Captain Bower, knows the estate of this place, and how fitting I am for the said service.
For the general acceptance of this service, the King's bounty
is received in most thankful part; some few (being soured by
poverty) were at the first malcontented, yet by persuasion
pacified, and willing to obey the King's direction. Your
Honour's letter I received by this bearer.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 12.)
|Thomas, Lord Grey, to Lord Cecil.|
|.||The message I received by Sir Fra. Darcy was more than welcome, not doubting the continuance of the same favourable advice whereon I so long rested my hopes and comfort.|
I well know the terms I stand on nor will be amused with
vain hopes only I beseech you preserve my poor estate as clear
as you can.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (188. 16.)
|Paul Gwynn to the King.|
Sir Henry Docwra drew him over to Ireland, under
pretence of his advancement, to his utter undoing, and, together
with Thomas Watson, servant to the Treasurer of the late wars
there, has abused his name, to the exhausting of the King's
treasure during the time of the exchanges to the value of 579l.,
as appears by the enclosed declaration. Begs the King to refer
this petition and declaration to the Council: that Watson may
be sent for to answer the abuses: and order taken for petitioner's
contentment; also that the original of the proclamation, wherein
the soldier was limited how much he should exchange for his
expenses in England, may be produced.—Undated.
Petition. 1 p. (196. 141(2).)
|On the same sheet is a copy of his former petition giving further particulars.|
|Sir John Harrington.|
I understand by Sir John Haryngton you sue him
in the King's Bench upon a bond taken in the time of his escape,
what time you procured my warrant to apprehend him. I am
informed he has paid the whole debt and fees belonging to my
officer, and therefore hold it not fit that you should now sue
him upon a bond taken under colour of my warrant. But if
you will refer your matter to the arbitrament of such two as I
shall nominate, I will desire Sir Walter Cope and Sir Michell
Hix to hear the griefs of both sides and make some reasonable
end of the same.—Undated.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 12a.)
|William Hickes to Lord Cecil.|
|.||I thank you for your letters. Your answer touching my money satisfies me, and I shall give satisfaction also I make no doubt to Mr. Billett touching the consideration (but as I remember) he found fault with want of assurance of Hadnam.|
|For B.H. I know I shall give him comfort, when he knows you have suspended your opinion and displeasure. For P.P. [marginal note: Paul Pinder] I thank your lordship you have given him some spark of comfort. And truly the effecting of it would bind him to you. He is exceedingly industrious, of great understanding and experience; he writes well and speaks well; he is secret, and would do you very good service many ways on that side, not only without your charge, but to help to discharge some of your charges in those parts. If he repair to you again, I pray you appoint him a time to speak with him, if it be but half a quarter of an hour. And in the meantime if you give him comfortable words and hope, it will bring my business with him sooner to an end, and I pray you let him know, that when you hear that he has satisfied me, you will the readier do for him. I hear of those you mention in your letter touching their foul and fearful conspiracy, but I hear also of others of like degree, touching whom and all others (being guilty, were they ten thousand), I wish they may have shameful ends according to their deserts. And if mine own brother were one of them, I myself would be his hangman, rather than he should escape. But such be the fruits of such as have a false religion, or no religion. I pray God, save the King, and you, whose life I hear also was appointed to be taken away at an instant with the King, and the Archduke to come over with power for the Infanta.|
|I thank you for the postscript of your letter, and so much the more moving out of your only honourable favour, but since I refused it at Theobalds, when it had come with the greatest grace and credit to me, I can be content to stay at this time. And if it shall happen that the King come into the forest where I dwell, to hunt, and to come to my house, then, if it shall please him to think me worthy, it may be I will accept of it for my wife's sake, whom I think worthy to be a lady, though not myself fit to be a knight, but by way of comparison with a great number, that have been, and may be made.|
Because it pleased you to thank me for the apricots I sent
you, which were the first, now I send you of the last, and but
a few, having lost many with pecking of birds and earwigs. I
have a heart to send you things of value, but you have often
said that it is not the measure of your favour to me. Undated.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 17.)
|Petition of Robert Hitcham.|
Robert Hitcham, of Gray's Inn, counseller, being a
suitor to become her Majesty's attorney, beseecheth that his
life and learning may be reported by the judges, whiles they are
in town, or else by his Majesty's Attorney General, or his
Attorney of the Duchy, or by Sir Roger Wilbraham, or Sir
Francis Bacon, unto whom his abilities, learning, and condition
of life is best known.—Undated.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 18.)
|Sir George Home to [Lord Cecil].|
In my last I wrote to you of his Majesty's pain and
swelling in his knee. Nothing can be more "expectable" to
your lordship not to hear that his Majesty is this day become
very well and has little or no pain, being able to go or ride as
pleases him. At the writing hereof he has shown me that he
longs to hear word from London, but not so much for his own
affairs as to be sure how my Lord Sessell's health is, averring
that if he wanted you, he would not know what to do. His
Majesty has so great a desire to hear from you that this day
before I rose in the morning, he sent for me to know if any
letters were come from you. My humble commendations to
my Lord Suffolk and yourself.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603. Sir George Home from Royston." 1 p. (188. 19.)
|The Crown Jewels.|
A warrant was issued June 8, 1603, to the Commissioners for the survey of the jewels to remove certain of
the jewels of price to the Tower, and to give others into the
charge of Lady Catherine Howard, Countess of Suffolk.
Acknowledgment of the receipt from the Countess of certain
jewels delivered by her to the King, and given to the Queen.
Copy or draft. 2 pp. (141. 360.)
|Gawin Johnston to —|
The occasion in detaining the King's letters sent
unto your Honour was by the means of Mr. James Hambleton
agent for the King, who had the delivery of one letter sent by
the King to her late Majesty and also of the other which is now
extant directed to you. This now serves no other use but to
testify of my service to her late highness.—Undated.
Signed. ½ p. (188. 23.)
|Fran[ces], Countess of Kildare, to Lord Cecil.|
Having so convenient a messenger I could not but
let you know how much I have been took with grief since I saw
you for fear that George Broke thinking you are honourably
affected to my lord give out such doubtful and unworthy
speech of you as my heart aches to hear of. He will not care
what lies he tells to put you from place and opportunity to do
my lord good but for God's sake stand firm to him for I have
no hope but in God and yourself. Set down some course for
me to do my dear lord good and I will follow it. I hear Sir
John Brouke deals underhand for him and delivers letters
privately which will do much wrong to many. I hope my
Lord Chamberlain and my lady will be for me as well as for
base Brouke. They will find my lord and I will be more thankful than that wicked man her husband, for on my soul he doth
wickedly practise against you by such means as it will be my
ruin. The Lord of Heaven send pity into the King's heart to
my dear lord.—Undated.
Holograph. Signed: "Fr. C. K." Endorsed: "My La. Kyldar to my Lo. Cicell." 1 p. (194. 67.)
|Countess of Lennox's Rental.|
Rents due at the Annunciation of our Lady in
Jervaux, Newhouse, Aykebarghe, Hasilldon, Rockewith,
Kyllgramhowe, Hayninges, Lasingby, Upper Newsted, Huton
Hauge, Ryswycke (all in the charge of Thomas Askewith,
bailiff of Est Witton and the Granges), Temple Newsom (in the
charge of Richard Grene), Berkehay, Templehurste (in the charge
of Thomas Canby); Sylkeston (in the charge of Thomas Swyfte);
Settrington (in the charge of Symond Doddesworth); Nafferton Myll, and Wansforth Myll (by Graves).
Total of rents:—295l. 17s. 2d.—Undated.
Endorsed: "Rents of the Lady Lenox." 1 p. (103. 23(4).)
These are and have been demesnes and granges,
things of good value: Temple Newsam, Temple Hurst, Whorleton Park and demesnes, Greno Botton, Riswicke, Aykbargh,
Jervalx, with High Newstead and Low Newstead, and Hammerwood. The grange of Rookwith with Mariforth.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603. Lenox lands." ½ p. (130.152.)
|Edward Lenton to Lord Cecil.|
I am not acquainted with the form of my Lord
Nor[reys's] letters, but for the matter he willed me to certify you,
that howsoever he thought fit to signify what has passed since
your lordship's pains, namely examination and publication of
witnesses, he most willingly inclines to the motion you made,
and so will to whatsover you shall please to order therein.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 6.)
|William Lille to the Same.|
Praying for employment in Cecil's or the King's
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 23(3).)
|Manors of Lyddell and Arthureth, Cumberland.|
Particulars of the descent of the manors. It does not
appear that there have been any rents or other profits answered
for the same to the Crown.
Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (2438.)
|The Isle of Man.|
Paper showing the connexion between the Isle of Man
and the Earls of Derby, proving that it had belonged to the
house of Stanley since the time of Henry IV till the end of
Elizabeth; and that the Earls of Derby had been Chamberlains
of Chester since Henry VII's time. Apparently drawn up in
1603, on the granting of new letters patent at the beginning
of James I's reign.
Endorsed: "1603." 3 pp. (102. 172.)
|Sir Robert Mansfield's Notes.|
Note of such parcels as I can remember to remain
in my cabinet at Alderman Moore's:—
Two boxes with Besa stones of small bigness.
One broken box with two bunches of round pearl strung.
A box with round pearls unpierced.
A small round bag with gold of 24s. the piece.
One bag of seed pearl.
One other bag of great rayd(?) pearl, with one round little ball of garnets.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 24.)
|Mary Queen of Scots.|
A Defence of Mary Queen of Scots. Translation of
a Latin work printed at Cologne by Godfrey Kemps 1587:
which Latin work was a translation from English. The translator says he translates it into English again for the private
use of himself and friends, in regard both the other English
copies were spent and gone, and also many things were in this
added to the defence.
At foot of p. 1: "Anno Domini 1603." 25 pp. (140. 138.)
|Lord Mountjoy to Lord Cecil.|
But that I heard you were abroad I had attended
you yesterday night, to know your resolution, how and when
you would go this morning. If you resolve to go by water, I
will come to you before 9 o'clock, and if you go by land I will
stay for you at the Park corner before 9.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. ½ p. (103. 25.)
|The Earl of Northumberland to the Same.|
I have been a stranger at Court this 4 days beholding
an unpleasing and wearisome spectacle here, I mean cosenage
of receivers, auditors, bailiffs, stewards, and almost all officers
about me, and more it would be, if sometimes they be not
looked to. This evening I shall make an end of these matters,
and I meant to come. If you handle any matters of Council
this day I pray send me word, and I will come presently, for I
would not willingly be absent from the beginning of them.
I have sent my footman, that he may bring me word presently,
whether I shall come this morning or not.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (103. 28.)
|The Same to the Same.|
As you were the begetter of this favour to me, let it
be born in your house, and invite the King to be godfather.
You know how to direct the solemnities of the christening, and
therefore I recommend it to you, I being ready to go, and see
Copthall, for now that I am a builder I must borrow of my
knowledge somewhat out of Tibballs, somewhat out of every
place of mark where curiosities are used.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. ½ p. (103. 29.)
|The Earl of Northumberland to Lord Cecil.|
This gentleman, Sir John Pooly, a man that professes
to honour you much, and loves me, desires some recompense
of his Majesty for his service to him, and the King of Denmark. Out of mine own knowledge I am a witness of his good
parts. The King I take it is very willing to do him any good.
I shall take any favours done to him as to myself, and he desires
some hard reports of him may be driven out of your thoughts,
as the man never deserves your hard conceit.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 30.)
|The Same to the Same.|
Because Syon will be somewhat far off to-morrow
when I shall be sent for and Syon is the place to which I am
limited, I mean early in the morning to come to my house at
London, where you shall have me when the Lords shall call for
me. If you think this not convenient, let me have word from
Signed. Endorsed: "1603." ¼ p. (188. 25.)
|Sir Neale O'Donnell to the Same.|
Upon the landing of her Majesty's forces at Loughfoile
in Tyre Connell about four years past, he with his followers
joined them against the rebels and killed O'Donell's brother
and lost his own and divers other kinsmen and followers. For
this he has been thanked by the Lords of the Council and
advertised of the Queen's gracious intentions towards him.
The Lord Lieutenant in sundry letters has called him O'Donell,
as her Majesty was pleased to entitle him chief of his name in
the custodium of the country of Tyre Connell, which she granted
him under the great seal of Ireland. Upon intelligence of the
death of O'Donell in Spain, the chief inhabitants of Tyre
Connell called him O'Donell, having the best right thereunto
by descent and the custom of the country. He now prays for
the King's letters patent granting him the said country of Tyre
Connell in such manner and under such title of honour in lieu
of the name of O'Donell (if that name be offensive) as his
Majesty shall think fit, yielding such rent therefor as his grandfather did, being the first O'Donell that yielded rent to her
Majesty for his country.—Undated.
Petition. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (188. 26.)
|John Osborne to [Lord Cecil].|
This gentleman Mr. Thomas Bedell and Richard
Mountague, his late tutor in Cambridge, who desire licence to
travel, I know to be both of an honest disposition, and well
affected in religion.—Undated.
Holograph. ¼ p. (103. 36.)
|Lucy, Lady Osborne, to the Same.|
Be a mean to her Majesty for me to be of her bedchamber, and to have the keeping still of such things as are yet
in my charge.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 35.)
|Thomas Packer to the Same.|
I lately made known to you as Keeper of the Seal
my purposed suit for the fourth reversion of a clerk of the Privy
Seal. I beseech your lordship only to speak to Sir Thomas
Lake to prefer my bill unto his Majesty, whereby he may know
your allowance of my suit.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 37.)
The Queen's physician, a German, desired a pass for
these gentlemen:—Herr Johan von Diehren, D. Melchior von
Laswitz, Cristof von Nusitz, D. Balthasar Wilpret.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (205. 100.)
|James Perrott to Lord Cecil.|
Your lordship's honourable report of Sir John
Perrott's innocency joined with your father's usage towards
this deceased unfortunate, as also your favour in procuring the
Queen's hand to my grant, make me in duty bound to render
myself to be at your disposition. The King has referred the
consideration of my petition lately presented concerning what
was left me by Sir John Perrott's conveyance to the Lord
Treasurer of England, your lordship, the Lord Treasurer of
Scotland and the Attorney General. I beseech your furtherance
to deal graciously with the poor posterity of Sir John Perrott. I
have enclosed the true copy of Sir John Perrott's will written with
his own hand in the Tower, for confirmation whereof he received
the sacrament before Sir Michael Blunt then lieutenant of the
Tower and shortly after he died.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 2/3 p. (188. 27.)
|Forest of Pewsham.|
Note as to the Forest of Pewsham, Chipnham, and
Melsham, Wilts, late parcel of the possessions of Sir Thomas
Seymour, attainted. It is 87 miles from London; not near
any of the King's houses; the King is charged 6l. yearly for
fees, and has no rent or profit but 4 bucks and 4 does yearly.
It might please the King to grant it in fee farm at a yearly rent
Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (132. 31.)
|The Privy Chamber.|
Two papers:—(1) Royal warrant, owing to the
press of noblemen and gentlemen who come into the Privy
Chamber, to suffer no one, excepting those of the Privy Council
and the sworn gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, to come into
the Privy Chamber, but those undernamed; always provided,
that if any nobleman or gentleman of quality shall desire at any
time to speak with the King, the King shall be acquainted
therewith by some sworn of his Chamber, and he will thereupon
assign a time for audience.—Undated.
Draft. 1¼ pp. (103. 46.)
(2) A list of names as follows—My Lords of
Rutland, Sussex, Southampton, Pembroke, Effingham, Gray,
and Sheffield. Sir John Peyton, Sir Thomas Gerrard, Sir Thomas
Knyvett, Mr. Foulk Greville, Earl of Murray, Lord Hume.—
Endorsed in Munck's hand: "Privy Chamber." ½ p. (213. 107.)
|The Privy Council to Mr. Secretary Cecil.|
My Lord Thomas having received a letter from Lady
Harford of great importance, by the hands of Captain Duffeld
the bearer, we thought good to send both letter and messenger
Signed: T. Howard; W. Knollys; Ed. Wotton; J. Stanhope.
Endorsed: "Lords of the Council. 1603." ½ p. (187. 142.)
|The Earl of Rutland to Lord Cecil.|
I could not bid you farewell at your departure from
hence. I will never forget your kind favours and still deserve
your love, which I am assured of, if you be not carried to give
way to suspicious conceits, which some that love neither of us
would be glad to possess either withal. Love me still, and when
you have cause to suspect me, call me to account; so shall we
never mistake one another. Your lordship may now assure his
Majesty I am at sea, and if this wind hold, I doubt not to be in
Denmark within these 7 days.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." (103. 51.)
|[?1603].||1 [Eliz.], by indenture between the burgesses and electors of the burgesses for the borough of old Sarum in the county of Wilts, William Ravenscroft and Edward Leache, Esq. were chosen by W. Webb, Edward Hooper, John Myggryge [and] Thomas Eliott.|
|43 Eliz. Robert Turnor and Henry Hide elected by Anthony Parry, and others (as before).|
|30 Eliz. Roger Gifford, doctor of physic, and Henry Baynton elected by Anthony Parry and John Moggriche the younger, free tenants of Old Castle or Old Sarum.|
|39 Eliz. William Blacker of New Sarum and Nicholas Hide of the Middle Temple elected by Anthony Parry and others (as before).|
|28 Eliz. Edward Barkeley and Richard Topcliffe elected by William Moggeridge and John Hampton.|
|1 Mary. Nicholas and John Throckmerton elected by burgesses (not named).|
|26 Eliz. Richard Topcliffe and Roger Gifford, doctor of medicine, elected by burgesses.|
|1 Eliz. John Harrington and Henry Harte elected by John Ogden, bailiff, and the burgesses of Old Sarum.|
|2 & 3 Philip & Mary. John Marsh and William Chambers elected by John Hooper.|
|4 & 5 Philip & Mary. Henry Jones and John Bateman elected by John Hooper and William Moggeridge.|
7 Edw 6. James Brend and William Wekeys elected by
William Farley, bailiff, and the burgesses of Old Sarum.
Endorsed: "Extracts out of the rolls of them that have the election of the burgesses of Old Sarum," and in a later hand: "1603." 2½ pp. (103. 52.)
Paper entitled: "Ane nott of the gowidis and geir
tene ffre Skottis mershandis be ffrence men allsweile off the
Kyngez off ffrance sayd as off theis off the Leige."
Followed by particulars of the actions complained of.
Signed: John Wylliamsonn, George Shathamchin.
Endorsed: "1603. The Scottish merchants complaynts." 3 pp. (103. 75.)
|Lord Sheffield to Lord Cecil.|
|.||I understand that my Lord Bourle [Burghley] has presented the names of them he desires to be of the Council at York, and that they are very many. (fn. 1) Whether it be true or no, I am not assured, for he would never acquaint me who they were, but you know my lord's meaning therein. Although, as I told you at our last speech, I was unwilling to oppose myself in anything against his proceedings, expecting he had desired but the placing of some few of his especial friends, now seeing the contrary, that the number is so great, and some of [them] so unfit, I must commend this my reasonable desire to your consideration that my lord might be this far satisfied, only that my Lord Darse and Mr. Talbot, being two both noble, and to come in by course, and likewise of my lord's choice, that some three other of the knights whom my lord chiefly desires to prefer may likewise be admitted. So shall my lord in reason, as I think, be satisfied, and some rooms left for me, who am to succeed him, to place such in, for whose fidelity I may be able to account.—Undated.|
PS.—I would have come over to your lordship about this
matter, but I have not been well.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 55.)
|.||The information of Jaques Hermishawe against Andrew Smale, and his answers:—|
|1. That Andrew Smale confessed that he was a secular, which Hermishawe conceived to be a priest. Smale sweareth he is neither priest nor secular.|
|2. That Smale said he had four things to do in France that would be heavy unto him, and a fifth in England, which would go nearer unto him than the other four, and the doing of it, he feared, would redound to the shame of him, and all his friends. Directly denied by Smale on his oath.|
|3. That Smale at his embarking in France, delivered Hermishawe a pair of beads, to the end he should carry the same unto his host at the sign of the Pineapple in Calais, and pray her to cause four masses to be said for him, for his good success. Smale answereth, that having a pair of beads in his pocket, and at his going into England thinking it not fit to bring them with him, he asked Hermishawe to deliver them to his host, and pray him to cause 3 masses to be said for him, one to the Holy Ghost, the other to St. Roche, because that Saint especially preserveth from the plague, and the third of charity for the souls of the dead, which he saith is the manner of all Catholics, when they travel, or fear any danger.|
4. That he affirmed the King of England to be an heretic.
Absolutely denied by Smale that he used those words, or any
to that effect.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603." 1½ pp. (103.14.)
[Probably the enclosure in George Fane's letter of Nov. 7, supra p. 279.]
|The Earl of Southampton to Lord Cecil.|
Desires his furtherance of the bearer's suit to the
King which is for his letter to the Dean of Durham for a lease.—
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 2/3 p. (188. 81.)
|Thomas Southwell to Lord Cecil.|
Let the state of me and my poor wife move you to
redress our wrongs. Not alone our estates, but reputations,
are endangered. It was the Queen's letters, that moved my
wife's journey; if we had pretended without such a cause,
there had been the less regard due to us. I will not trouble
your lordship with the recital of every wrong, only that slander
of Fowler's wife may determine of the truth of the other proceedings of our malicious slanderers.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (103. 57.)
|John Spilman to [the Same].|
|.||According to your Honour's appointment, Herrick and I are joined together in the works for his Majesty, and agree like friends. I trust with your favour my bill may pass to the Seal, knowing he will not desire any of his friends now to cross me therein. I beseech you to move Sir George Hume for the delivery of my bill, already signed by his Highness, that it may be dispatched before his Majesty remove from hence.—Undated.|
PS.—I have kept these two buttons apart, and this day will
come about noon to know your pleasure therein. To Sir Thomas
Lake I have promised 10l. and doubt not of his furtherance in
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. ½ p. (103. 58.)
|Michael Stanhope to the Same.|
I received a letter very lately from my Lady Hatton,
wherein she earnestly moved me to intreat your lordship to
procure for her the King's letter to the Queen, that if her Majesty
like of the Lady Hatton's service, he then consent that she
have the place with the Queen to keep her jewels and help
to make her ready, greatly commending her Majesty's wifely
obedience not to do anything without the King's allowance,
with further assurance of the Queen's great good opinion of your
lordship, and her resolute mind to establish you in all honour
and powerfulness. The matter I leave to your wisdom and
private resolution. I am pressed to have return of answer with
all possible expedition.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (103. 59.)
|John Stanley to the Same.|
With the help of my honourable friend, the Earl of
Worcester, who laboured for me, I was upon Tuesday last
enlarged, so poor and weak that I have neither strength nor
maintenance. My Lord Admiral and my Lord Worcester
have promised to be a means for me. Consider the sorrow I
have suffered for my prince and country, and the misery I have
endured in the Tower, where still I stood for your Honour's good
in the time of Essex's trouble. Time may serve I may do you
service. I am both learned and languaged, and yet for my
love to my country from all nations banished, especially where
the Spaniard commands. I am forced to leave my boy in my
lodging for want of money. I beseech you assist me with
something, as you have heretofore done me good. I stand
below to hear your answer, and desire to speak with you.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 60.)
|James Stewart to Lord Cecil.|
Have pity on a poor gentleman, who only trusts in
your most favourable doing for him. I never wronged any man
but myself, nor never was in any way troubled for my carriage
till now. It was the great cruelty and hard dealing of the
Londoners that made me so depart in my doing and not the
disposition of nature that has been my overthrow. Deliver
my letter to his Majesty, that he may grant me his warrant for
relief and safety, whereby I may travel to the Emperor's war,
where I would be for a better use hereafter than to die or
be tormented. Seeing now my only trust is in your Honour,
and the morn Wednesday, as is said, is to be my day afore the
Justice, may you remember him who will ever pray and serve
your lordship wherever ye have ado.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 61.)
|John Stileman to the Same.|
I was a suitor to you before Christmas to have an end
of my accounts, which so long have been delayed, and nothing
as yet done, notwithstanding you gave order for the same. I
beseech you, both for mine own quietness, and for that I am
mortal, give order once again, that there may be an end made.
If it shall appear that I am in your debt, I will answer it to the
uttermost penny, and doubt not but I shall prove myself an
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. ½ p. (103. 62.)
|Thomas Stock to the Same.|
Prays that he may be recommended amongst such
distressed captains as attend his Majesty's relief, intended to
them for want of employment in this time of year. Will not
say he has deserved more than others, but acknowledges himself in the mean, and has altogether relied upon the wars. Has
had some employments by Cecil's means, and entreats a continuance of his favours in his present calamity. Has not wherewith to maintain himself here, or to transport himself that he
may get employment abroad.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." ½ p. (103. 63.)
|Ministers of Sussex.|
|.||Pray the King to case the ministry of the burden of that subscription heretofore imposed otherwise than the laws of the land require, and of those ceremonies which press the conscience of many of God's servants, and hinder the execution of their ministry.|
|Secondly, to establish among them a learned, godly, and resident ministry, with sufficient maintenance.|
|Thirdly, to set up among them that ancient form of the church's censures, as agreeable to his word. The lamentable defect in these things may appear to the King in this brief view which they have faithfully taken.|
The number of churches in their country is about 300, of which
the impropriations are 108. The insufficient maintenances are
many, and of them 23 not above 16l. by the year, and some of
4l. or 5l. Double-beneficed men about 50. Single and yet
non-resident 6. Not-preaching about 100; negligent in
preaching about 60. Of all these many are scandalous for
corrupt life or doctrine.—Undated.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603. Petition of the Sussex Ministers." 1 p. (103. 64.)
|Lord Sydney to Lord Cecil.|
Her Majesty commands me to desire you that the
letters which she is to give to Monsr. de Vitrey in answer of those
which she received from the French King and Queen may be
drawn and sent unto her to sign. For she saith that your
lordship hath those which were brought unto her by him.
Herein it will please your lordship to use some expedition
because it appears that Monsr. de Vitrey makes great instance
for them. Her Majesty is in very good health and will be at
Yatington tomorrow at night.—At Abington this Sunday.—
Holograph. 2/3 p. (188. 32.)
|Captain G. Throckmorton to the Same.|
I am emboldened once again to beseech your favour
for the discharge of that commandment Sir William Wade laid
upon me for not coming to the Court, which is as hard measure
as ever was offered to any, the loyal affection considered which
I have ever born to my Prince, and for which no family in
England has ever endured greater shipwreck or ruin.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. ½ p. (103. 68.)
|Justice Townshend to the Same.|
|.||Let it not be known to any of the Privy Council that I possessed your Honour with the record I delivered you yesterday, for it may breed me harm. I always found your father and yourself fast and plain in your actions to me, which others I found contrary. Therefore upon your Honour I will make bold to rely.|
There is in my Lord Dyer's book in print, folio 94, in anno
primo Marie a notable case, wherein is laid down that King
Ed. the 3rd [was] seised of the county of Cornwall, in the
eleventh year of his reign that he made Edward his eldest son,
then Count [sic] of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, and that the
eldest son of the Kings of England, and those that should be
heads next of this realm should be Dukes of Cornwall, and that
the said County should be always duchy possessions, and this
so established the said year by Act of Parliament, and granted
the same by letters patent. The case is long, good, and worthy
of reading, but to be gathered that the said King created his son
to be Duke of Cornwall and not by descent. You shall do well
to send for a copy of the said record to the Tower. I do not
conceive but all the possessions contained in the record I
delivered you are in the King's mercy, and so are all the crown
lands entailed by King H. 7 by the decease of her Majesty
without issue, that the King now may enter and all sales made
merely void, for they were but tenants in tail, and could not sell
but their own estate, which was but for life, and not like the
estate of a common subject in tail that may sell by fine and
recovery, which the King cannot do. I meant to have informed
you of the premisses and of other things, but I saw time was
precious to you, and I would not be tedious, for I perceive in
short time you and others will be appointed in these actions.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." 1¼ pp. (103. 69 (1).)
|William Trumbull to Lord Cecil.|
Has long served Sir Thomas Edmondes in his
employments beyond the seas and in the Council Chamber
without any recompense. Prays for a grant of the bailiwick
of Northborne, co. Kent.—Undated.
Petition. ⅓ p. (188. 33.)
|Lady Susan Veare to the Same.|
Concerning her going to meet the Queen. Her charges
would be more than ordinary, and Mr. Billet is contented to
furnish her with money, if it may be with Cecil's good liking.
"Your niece ever at your command."—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (206. 6.)
|Council of the Marches of Wales.|
|.||In the first article, line the 9th, after these words Administration of justice to his subjects of those parts, pray that these words of the Instructions of K. Henry 8's time may be inserted, For that it should be greatly to the damage and hurt of the K. loving subjects in the said principality and marches which might find themselves grieved or offended, to repair for making and exhibiting their complaints before the K. most honourable Council, or to pursue their actions or quarrels in the K. ordinary court kept at his palace at Westminster.|
|In the third article, that Sir Henry Bromley, Sir John Pointz, Sir Thomas Coningesbie, John Win of Guider, William Herbert, Richard Broughton, and Mr. Lley, Justice of South Wales, be added to the names of the Council.|
|In the sixth, that the chief justice of Chester and the Secretary only be bound to continual attendance; the other two to be such as the L. President or, in his absence, the vice-president shall call, as in former time it hath been.|
|In the 8th article, that it may be considered where the terms shall be kept in respect there is no woods at Ludlow.|
|In the 31st article, that there may be twenty attorneys placed by the Lord President according to her Majesty's letters since the Instructions last signed.|
|In the 34th article, that authority be given to the Lord President to nominate a Remembrancer, and one to subscribe bills of debt, omitting the recital of former Instructions.|
|Also, the 36th article to be left out, for that the King's Majesty is pleased to dispose otherwise thereof by patent.|
|In the 37th article, that the King's Attorney be not allowed lodging in the house, there being but few lodgings there.|
|To move the King that the 39th article touching dispensation with the Secretary's attendance be omitted, being never put in the Instructions till these last.|
|In the 40th article, that if the Clerk of the Council and his deputy be not of the Council, their diet to be taken at the Council table, but at the pleasure of the L. President.|
|That the 49th article touching allowing riding charges may be explained to extend to every one of the Council that cometh upon letters.|
|In the 55th article, that the absence of the L. President deprive him not of the power allowed to nominate pursuivants and other officers.|
To move that no office be granted by patent and so the service
will be more carefully performed.
Addressed: "To the Right honorable the Lord Cecyll, one of his Highnes private Councell."
Unsigned. Endorsed: "1603. Instructions of Wales." 1 p. (103. 74.)
Brief of the evidences of Henry de Vere, Earl of
Oxford, manifesting his right to the custody and stewardship
of the King's forest of Waltham, Essex, and to the custody of
the King's house and Park of Havering at Bower, Essex.
4 pp. (146. 17.)
|The Watson and Main Plots.|
|.||"Names of persons to be sought for mentioned in my L. Chief Justice's letter."|
John Parry, of Poston, Hereford, son and heir of James
Parry lately deceased in the Fleet. Richard Crofts of the same
county who some 10 years past married the widow of one
Hacklutt. Vaughan, of the said county. Walwad of Berks.
Roe, a Devonshire man. Brookesby, a Leicestershire
Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (2236.)
[See the letter of Chief Justice Popham of July 19 (supra p. 201).]
State of the cause between Lord Cromwell and All
Souls' College: with respect to lands of the manor of Whatborow.
Endorsed: "1603." 2½ pp. (2487.)
|Henry Wright to Sir Thomas Chaloner.|
It grieves me not a little that the last night business
succeeded not according to expectation, which if it had, I had
been with you before this time, but satisfy yourself, I have so
far dealt in it that it shall be done this very day. In the meantime I have fully satisfied the Chief Justice, who this morning
upon very good grounds has altered his late made warrant,
and with his own hand (all of it) has made a new one. I will be
with you as soon as I can, but I am confined to my chamber
for this present day. At my repair unto you (which I hope
will be this night), I shall tell you of great novelties happened
since we parted yesternight.—Undated.
Holograph. Addressed: "At the Prince, his Court, St. James." Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 80.)
|The Council of York.|
(1) The names of such councillors as are of the King's
Council in the North parts. Matthew, Archbishop of York:
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury, and George, Earl of Cumberland,
Knights of the Garter: the Bishops of Durham and Carlisle:
Thomas, Lord Scrope, K.G., and Warden of the West Marches:
Ralph, Lord Eure: Edmund, Lord Sheffield, K.G.: John
Herbert, knight: the two Justices of Assize for the time being:
Francis Clifford esq.: Robert Carey, knight, Warden of the
Middle Marches: John Savile, Baron of the Exchequer: the
Dean of York: William Bowes, Richard Malliverer, Thomas
Fairfax the elder, and Edward Stanhope, knights: the Dean of
Durham: Thomas Hesketh esq., Attorney of the Court of
Wards and Liveries: Charles Hales and Samuel Bevercoates,
esquires: John Gibson and John Bennet, Doctors of Law:
John Ferne, esq.
Endorsed: "1603." 1 p. (103. 81.)
|.||(2) The names of such as are to be presented by me, the President, for councillors in the North:—|
The Lord Darcy: Edward Talbott: Sir Thomas Revesby:
Sir Thomas Lasselles: Sir Henry Slyngesby: Sir Thomas
Mallory: Sir Thomas Ferfax of Walton: Sir Henry Gryffyn:
Sir Thomas Hobby: Sir Christopher Hyllyard: Sir Richard
Wourtley: Cuthbert Pepper: Richard Hutton, serjeant:
Sir Henry Bellassis.
Endorsed: "1603. Note of such as my Lord President would have added unto the Instructions."
In the handwriting of Lord Burghley. Seal. 1 p. (103. 82.)
|Names of Ecclesiastical Commissioners for the Province of York.|
Q. Matthew, lord Archbishop of York, or the Archbishop of York for the time being—q., Thomas, Lord Ellesmere,
Lord Chancellor of England. q., The Lord President for
the time being of the Council established in the North parts.
q., Henry, Earl of Northumberland. q., Gilbert, Earl of
Shrewsbury; q., W[illiam] E[arl] of D[erby]. q., The Bishops
of Durham, Carlisle and Chester for the time being—Thomas,
Lord Scroope, Thomas, Lord Darcie, Ralph, Lord Eure, q., Sir
John Savile, knight, Baron of the Exchequer. q., The Justices
of Assize for the North Parts for the time being. Peter Warberton, knight, Justice of the Common Pleas. The Lord Mayor
of York for the time being. q., The Deans of York, Durham,
Carlisle and Chester for the time being. Sir Thomas Fairfax,
senior, knight, Sir John Savile, knight. q., Sir John Gibson,
Sir John Bennett, knights, chancellors to the Lord Archbishop
of York. Sir Thomas Hesketh, knight, attorney in the Court
of Wards; Sir Cuthbert Pepper, Sir Charles Hales, Sir Richard
Williamson, Sir John Ferne, Sir William Gee, Sir Wilfred
Lawson, Sir Timothy Whittingham, Sir Thomas Strickland,
Sir Richard Tempest, Sir Henry Witherington, Sir Edmund
Trafford, knights. Richard Hutton, serjeant-at-law; Robert
Hutton, Robert Abbott, Robert Soden and John Kinge, doctors
in divinity; q., William Goodwyn, Barnard Robinson, Emanuel
Barnes, doctors in divinity. Matthew Dodsworthe, deputy
chancellor to the Lord Archbishop of York. The High Sheriff
of Durham for the time being, the temporal Chancellor of
Durham for the time being. q., The Chancellor of the Church
of York for the time being. The Chancellors of the Lords
Bishops of Durham, Carlisle and Chester for the time being.
The King's Attorney in the North for the time being. The
Archdeacons of York, the East Riding, Nottingham, Cleveland,
Durham, Carlisle and Chester and Richmond for the time being.
Thomas Burton and John Favor, doctors of law; Henry
Swinborne, commissary of the Exchequer at York; the Mayors
of Chester, Kingston-upon-Hull, and Newcastle; Christopher
Lindley, Griffith Briskin, James Wilford, Thomas Cole, Ralph
Tunstall and Zacchary Styward, prebendaries of York; Francis
Bunny, prebendary of Durham; John Cowper, Robert Grace,
Francis Burgoine, prebendaries of Southwell; Anthony Higgin,
Robert Cooke, Christopher Shutt, William Crosham, bachelors
in divinity; Timothy Hutton, Henry Topham, John Prestley,
Richard Holland, Edmund Hopwood, Thomas Salkeld, Ralph
Ashton, esquires; Edmund Parkinson, Robert Parkinson,
bachelors of law; William Robynson, James Birkby, aldermen
of York; Henry Anderson, Henry Chapman, aldermen of
Newcastle; Robert Cook, Master of Arts; Anthony Walkwood,
Richard Burton, preachers; Ralph Tyrer, vicar of Kendal.
Corrected by Cecil who has given the Earl of Derby precedence over the Earl of Cumberland.
Endorsed: "1602." 2 pp. (97. 133.)
|Lord Zouche to Sir Robert Cecil.|
|[1603, before May 13].||
I have received from the Lords
direction by letters for the dispatch of causes, to which I have
acknowledged the receipt to their lordships. I have also
received a particular letter from yourself, wherein I find myself
much bound to you. Take notice of my continual desire to
hold that place you afford me, and be a means that I may know
my Lords' pleasure concerning that whereof I wrote to them,
as also from yourself, what course I may take for coming up
with convenient speed for the dispatch of my private business.
I presume that upon the opening of justice here all things will
be very quiet. And [let me know] whether it were fitting for
me to meet the King in any place of these things.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1603." Seal. 1 p. (103. 73.)
|— to [Lord Cecil ?]|
Give me leave for 6 or 7 days to go into Buckinghamshire to see if I can furnish myself with some money among
my friends, for at this present my wants are great, although it
grieves me to acquaint you with them. I confess I have had
50l. of you during this 6 or 7 years. I have served your lordship;
but if I may speak it without offence, there is not any that
follows you but has got three times more than I have done.
Unsigned. ½ p. (102. 8.)
It is a matter very questionable, whether instead of
giving remedy to those [th]ings that require reformation, a
great mischief may [not] follow, in the manner of the carriage
by a proclamation. There are divers precedents wherein the
Prince's authority giving liberty to all persons to complain
has been converted to the prejudice of his Majesty's own regal
power and dignity. For if once such a proclamation be published, there is never a court of justice, where one party must
ever be gr[ieved], but some colour shall be found for the complaint, which how innocent he be, will be a blemish to him for
ever after. Secondly, it will not only bring in contempt to all
magistrates and government past, but ever by this example
set o[pen] a gap for the common people to expect the like from
time to time against the government to come. All complaints
in this case must either be general or particular. If general,
the State could not have stood as it has done, but some universal
rebellion would have followed. If particular, there are many
other ways for the griefs of men to be heard and relieved, either
in the Star Chamber, the severe justice whereof gives terror to
all men, or by his Majesty's commission to some grave persons
to whom all petitions in that matter may be directed. Wherefore a king, upon some particular complaints only, to be driven
to proclaim to the world, that upon complaint intended to give
them reformation, will rather throw general scandal upon all
the precedent magistracy, who cannot all be thought fit to be
condemned, rather than that it is necessary, at the first coming
of [a] king to his crown, and by his own just title and succession,
to indent with his people beforehand, considering how under
colour of complaint against courses, wherein it may be they
have received just grievances, they are not unlike to aim at
diminution of the prerogative, which [is] as inseparable from
the Kings of England, as the crown is from the head.
No man ought to be impea[ched] by the laws of England
for any offence but in due process of law, which has been
confirmed [by] above 40 parliaments. Whereupon even in
parlia[ments] themselves, which is a time of liberty, the
ancient order that no bill should be put in before the receivers and tryers thereof have examined the convenience, for
the commonalty have ever abounded so in complaints, as that
course was invented to moderate them, which is to this day
continued in the Upper House, and receivers and tryers of bills
Unsigned. Endorsed (? wrongly): "1602." 2 pp. (103. 44.)
Way of France.
|Counte Palatine, Elector|
|Archbishop of Mayunce, Elect.|
|Duke of Saxony, Admin. Elect.|
|Duke of Wirtemberg|
|Marques of Ansbach|
|Lantsgrave of Hessen, the nephew|
|Lantsgrave of Hessen, the uncle|
|Duke of Bipont|
|Mr. Wotton Way of Low Countries.|
|Erle of Embden|
|Archbiss. of Breame|
|Duke of Meckleburg|
|Duke of Pomeren|
|Marquis of Brandeb. Elect.|
|Duke of Holst|
|Duke of Lunenburgh|
|Count of Harpusch|
|Duke of Brunswick|
|Administrat. of Magdeburg|
Prince of Anhalt.
Endorsed: "Names of Princes." ½ p. (103. 83.)
|[? 1603].||The names of the gentlemen certified by the clerk of the Assizes to the judges were: [co. Gloucester]|
Sir Henry Poole, knight, William Barnes, John Pleddall,
esquires, Sir John Tracy, knight, William Norwood and Paul
The judges of the circuit controlled that bill and took out Mr. Paul Tracy and put in Giles Reade esquire.
|Then my Lord Keeper, my Lord Treasurer and the judges took of the six—Sir Henry Poole and Giles Reade, and added Richard Cotherington, esquire.|
Memorandum on back, clearly written earlier: "Gyles. The
Queen is to have wardship of the one within age and primer
seisin of the other.
But of the heir of the Lord William the Queen is to have only a primer seisin."—Undated.
½ p. (97. 40).
Nicolas Rollino alias Delfino Fleming, Andrew
Ramires alias Delfino whom he met in Noremberg a merchant.
Umbert Ramires of Pycardy brought up in Scotland or served some Scottishman of the King's guard.
The merchant Delfino a great engineer.
A cabinet to be presented at Shrovetide which is now at Noremberg.
A Renard promised of 100,000c. under assurances of great men.
Nycolas should have 10,000 c.
Ramires hath invited Delfino to come into England.
Nicolas hath a red beard, is of mean stature.
Nicola[s] Rollino hath been prisoner in the Tower for burning ships.
Essex his son.—Undated.
1 p. (103. 84.)
The lieutenancy of Essex for the Earl of Sussex.
Northampton is for the Lord Burghley.
Lord Sheffield commission for lieutenancy, oyer and terminer, and a commission to the President and Council.
|Sir Thomas Mildmay.|
|Sir John Peter.|
|Sir H. Maynard.|
|The manor of Sowtham||24l.|
|The manor of the Rye||24l.|
1 p. (103. 85.)
4 lists of names, the first two in the handwriting of
Lord Burghley. One of them is endorsed: "Memorial 1603";
another: "A catalogue of names of Lords."
4 pp. (103. 86.)