The Earl of Southampton to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Sept. 16.
I thank you for your letter, which I wish
I could answer with any change worth your reading, but the
barrenness of this place affords nothing to discourse of but heat
in summer and storms in winter, which is now with us begun.
My Lord of Devon was I imagine with you before I received
your letter, being no longer able to stay from his pleasures at
Wanstead in the desolate parts of the New Forest. I wish
myself also often at the Court to enjoy the presence of your
lordship and the rest of my friends, though otherwise I am
enough pleased with the quiet life I lead here; yet do I intend
'ere long to be with you.—Carsbroke Castell, 16 Sept.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 66.)
The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Edward Coke,
[1605, Sept. 17].
Although I shall not need to use many
arguments to persuade you that I am no persuader of those
things which are of that nature which lotteries are, because I
know them to be deceits coloured with fair shows of lawful
adventure; yet because you are no such stranger in Israel as
not to know that when somewhat is resolved to be done wherein
there is inconvenience, he does best that takes the least by
comparison; I have thought good to inform you that whereas
divers private men, encouraged by example of one or two
erected since the King's coming to their use, have been suitors
for authority (towards repair of their estates) to set up lotteries
in divers parts, and so were like to have proceeded; I have
thought better to take hold of an offer of this nature which
follows, than by little and little to make them ordinary, wherein
the true scope is to suffer this with this condition, that where
many poor men shall be deceived, there may arise thereof some
benefit to some charitable uses. What those uses shall be, I
shall be as glad to hear your advice as anybody's. But the
sum shall be 2,000l. yearly, paid by 500l. quarterly. That it
may not be brought in fiscum I could wish some other place
public in the City appointed where it should be payable; and
think it likewise convenient that these circumstances be
expressed in the grant. For which purpose I now have sent
you the party that best understands it, and caused him to
make some rough draft according to his own sense for the
performance of the condition; only forasmuch as belonged to
the narrative, in what sort the King likes of it, it was by my
direction, which he partly observed but not so perfectly as may
be upon better perusal. Therefore I pray you confer with
him, who can answer you to all purposes, and so help the matter
with your direction for the narrative, as by some words it may
appear that this 2,000l. is not intended, nor shall be converted,
to any private use, which will give good satisfaction to the
Draft, corrected by Salisbury. Endorsed: "1605 Sept. 17,
Minute to Mr. Attorney from my Lord." 2 pp. (191. 45.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1605, before Sept. 19].
Since his last le Terrail has proceeded
in the renewing of his enterprise against Bergen op Zoone,
saying that nothing would hinder his taking the town but the
four elements. The Jesuits, the handmaids of all glorious
enterprises, failed not to attend both the first and second time
with their ornaments to have the honour to sing triumphant
mass there, but are returned full laden with repentance. Du
Terrail was seconded by two other colonels of Walloons, Chalon
and La Biche, their number being in all 5,000 men. Those
of the town not only bordered their walls full of men but
further made a strong barricado within the town before the
gate where du Terrail's company were entered. It is said the
loss received in the enterprise was not less than 300 or 400 men.
Four chosen English companies were also employed therein,
who have likewise partaken of the knocks, namely Capt. Dyer,
Capt. John Blount and Capt. Throgmorton, who are all hurt.
Du Terrail at his return met with the news out of France of the
death of his wife, which serves to cover the shame and grief
of his other misfortune.
It is said La Biche who is governor of Hulst went forthwith
to execute another enterprise upon Breda.
The two armies in Freezland continue near neighbours. one
fortifying Linghen, the other Coverden and other places. Count
Maurice has sought to stop the coming of victuals out of
Westphalia to Spinola's army by threatening to spoil the
country but it has nothing prevailed with them. The passages
are so stopped between the Rhine and Linghen by his forces
that the Archduke has very hard means to send or hear from
thence and divers of his packets have been intercepted. It is
said Spinola has prohibited the writing of any letters out of the
camp unless they were first visited by persons authorised by
The Duke of Cleves, finding the fort built by the Marquis in
his territory upon the Rhine near Keiserwert a great annoyance
to his subjects, has by himself and other princes, especially the
Duke of Lorraine, laboured towards the Archduke for its removal.
The Duke of Lorraine made it known that if right were not done
to his son-in-law he would order that no more of the forces of
Spain should pass through his country. The Archduke has
resolved to make a new fort lower down upon the Rhine and to
demolish the other. As the Duke of Cleves is not willing to
suffer the Marquis's army to winter in his country, it is thought
he can hardly continue to lodge it in Freezland.
President Ricardott has been careful to excuse to the French
Ambassador in Brussels that his masters have had no part in
the practices said to have been lately entertained by Spain and
France, but the Ambassador answered plainly that his master
made no distinction between the affections or interests of Spain
and the Netherlands.
The Count of Villa Mediana and Lord Arundell arrived here
two days since. Yesterday his lordship was presented by the
Count to the Archdukes who used him with kindness and
promised to give him honourable satisfaction touching his
conditions. The Duke of Aumale and Monsr. de Barbanson
accompanied him to the Court and brought him back to his
lodging and the Pope's Nuncio without giving foreknowledge
came to visit him.
Before his coming there was a general mutiny among the
soldiers in the English regiment and great discontentment by
all the captains against the sergeant-major, Sir Thomas Studder.
The general complaint is that his charge has put great arrogance
into him and that he passionately depends upon the Jesuits.
Many who are affected as he is think there is no such ready way
to value themselves as by practising insinuations. Edmondes
hopes that the presence and temper of Lord Arundell will stay
the proceedings of such busy persons.
Has been to compliment the Archdukes since their return
from their pilgrimage where they performed nine days of painful
devotion for the obtaining of issue. Next week they intend to
make a journey to spend some days at Bains near Mons.
Sends a note of the last advertisements out of Germany.—
Copy. 5½ pp. (227. p. 98.)
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers, Foreign, Flanders, where
it is dated "Bruxelles,—Sept. 1605," and endorsed "rec. 19
Sir Thomas Egerton, Lord Chancellor, to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 19.
I have sent you a writ of the Lord Montjoye,
to be used as you shall think fittest for the present. I have not
yet spoken with any of the clerks of the Chancery that can
inform me what was done in the Earl of Sussex's time, and I
doubt there is little to be learned from them, for they are either
too young or too careless and forgetful. Wherefore I cannot
see a better course than that which you moved when we
conferred of it. If at my coming to London I can understand
any more, I will advertise you of it.—At Harfeilde, 19 Sept.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (112. 67.)
Richard Percival to the Same.
1605, Sept. 20.
I have sent to seek Mr. Bingley, and as
touching your building I have delivered to every man in writing
what they have to do within the house, with charge that it
be first done. These fellows shall be agreed with forthwith,
for I have spoken with Dobbinson to hasten it. But you must
of necessity have Vincent's house, which is next the Cutlers',
else the way will not range directly with Durham wall, but will
come upon the wall which now cants out, where the outhouses
and houses of office are. This house you may have, Sir John
Spilman offering to place Vincent in a house of his near him;
and I am well assured, if you saw how it lies, you would not
refuse it and if now you do I know you will have it hereafter,
when perhaps it will be more chargeable unto you.—From your
lordship's house, 20 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (112. 68.)
John Atkinson to the Same.
, Sept. 21.
Coming this night weary and lame to
London, between Kengenton [? Kensington] and Charing Cross I
met Sir Walter Cope, who in general terms told me he heard that
my actions in Sp[ain] were not agreeable to the expectation that
honest men had of me before, and that he was very sorry to hear
thereof. My assured confidence is that you will not condemn me
unheard. As for those reports whereby I receive prejudice I hold
them of no value, neither I hope will your lordship when you hear
me answer for myself.—London, 21 Sept.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 69.)
Sir Richard Hawkins to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 21.
According to your command I have procured
the best satisfaction for the Lord Ambassador which my power
would reach unto, and assure myself will be to his liking. I
have ever done my best to accomplish duty and excuse complaints, for that I see ambassadors apt thereunto, and more
in our country than in any the kingdoms of Christendom, yet
have my hard hap and sinister information drawn me into
suspicion causeless, to my great cost and charges. In this of
the French I only undertook with others to be sureties for
payment of 600l. at a day agreed upon, for which 12 tons of
wood was delivered and sold by the Flemings, which wood the
Ambassador has sought to gain into his possession and to leave
us liable for the debt, and obtained a sentence in the Admiral
Court to that effect; but a replevin was brought out of
Chancery, whereby the goods being delivered to the Ambassador
were by the sheriff taken and re-delivered to me, to the uses
described in the replevin. You can best judge if I deserve
blame in refusing to deliver the wood to the Ambassador.—
Exon, 21 Sept. 1605.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (112. 70.)
Sir William Selby to the Same.
1605, Sept. 21.
A commission came lately out of the
Exchequer to Mr. Edward Talbot, myself, and divers others
for seizing the lands and goods of recusants according to the
statute in this county, which we have well-nigh fully executed.
In that part where my service fell 15 recusants, some gentlemen
and gentlewomen, the rest of meaner sort, were content to
submit and conform themselves, who by the appointment of
the Commissioners came on Sunday last the 15th inst. to my
parish church, heard prayers and sermon with due reverence,
and made submission according to law. The meetings for the
execution of this commission are many, and much travail and
time is spent in the seizures being rightly made, which do so
distract me from the other service for which I was sent into
these parts that I am forced to slack it more than I should.
Wherefore I beseech you to spare me hereafter from other
commissions, so many matters daily occurring in this broken
country that are more than sufficient to use my whole travails.
Myself and other justices of the peace in this division have had
a six weeks' meeting according to certain orders set down by
your lordships, the first meeting of that kind that ever was
held in this county, where we have appointed high constables,
petty constables, and other inferior officers, names and officers
not heretofore known among us. We have reduced in this
division 105 alehouses to 15, given strait charges for punishing
rogues and idlers. Our service would be much advanced if
the gentlemen on the Scottish side had the like orders by his
Highness's direction, for now when lewd persons have lost their
places of harbour here, they need but pass over the March and
find plenty there for lack of the like law.
And whereas the statute appoints night-watches to be kept
in all towns and villages throughout England between Ascension
Day and Michaelmas, we of this division, knowing by experience
that stealing in this county is much more frequent between
Lammas and New Year's Day, for that cattle and sheep are
then fat, the only purchase besides horses that thieves get here,
we have with consent of the people ordained the watches to be
kept betwixt Lammas and Christmas; to which course we intend
to move the rest of the justices in their divisions. If besides
the orders aforesaid we had a competent number of sleuthhounds ("slowdhowndes") to be laid in fit parts of the country
(dogs that will follow most assuredly the foot of any man, horse
or beast), these would shortly be banished, the charge of keeping
which dogs by our calculation will be levied in this division for
the imposition of 12d. upon every plough, in the whole year. I
am here alone in a remote corner of Northumberland 30 miles
from the nearest of the English Commissioners, which makes
me bold sometimes as the service gives cause alone to write to
your lordship.—Baremore, 21 Sept. 1605.
Signed. Seal. 2 pp. (112. 71.)
Presents to the Grand Signior.
1605, Sept. 21.
A note of the present sent to the Grand
Signior in the year 1594. Copied out of the Company's books
The particulars of the present sent by the merchants trading
the Levant and Turkey to the Grand Signior at Constantinople
in April 1598.
Charges disbursed at Constantinople at the delivery of the
present in the month of June 1599.—"The 21 of September,
anno 1605 per Benishe."
5½ pp. (139. 101.)
Sir Robert Wingfield to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 22.
You may think me very careless of you in
that you have not heard of me concerning your fisher and fowler,
which you desire should serve you, though your letters came to
my house upon Sunday was a seven-night: yet by reason of
my absence from home until Saturday, they came not to my
view. My care shall be to provide you of such a man as you
desire, both for his person and qualities, for about the fen
countries there is good choice.—22 Sept. 1605.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (112. 72.)
Enno, Count of East Friesland, to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 22.
Was touched with incredible gladness when
he heard that his Excellency's zeal and industry had resulted
in the King of Great Britain directing Ralph (Rudolphum)
Winwood, his councillor and orator with the United Provinces
(ordines Belgicos confederatos) to compose the dissensions
aroused by the machinations of certain of his seditious subjects.
Winwood's fidelity, industry and prudence are such that of
himself he would soon have removed the causes of dissension
and restored peace and tranquillity had not the pertinacity of
the rebellion prevailed and the King's sound proposals upset,
so that the legate had to leave without effecting his object.
He trusts that his own innocence and the wickedness and malice
of his adversaries will be proved both by the legate's testimony
and the evidence of the public acts. Earnestly prays his
Excellency that by setting forth his defence before his Majesty
and most fully reporting to him all that his legate has written
about it prompt assistance may be forthcoming and the King
willing to promote his most just cause. Is the more hopeful
of Salisbury's doing this because of the former sincere intimacy
and friendship between his parent and the Earl's own father of
happy memory.—"Scripta Auricæ x kal. Octobr. anni quincti
seculi sexcentesimi supra millesimum."
Latin. Signed. Seal. 1½ pp. (147. 160.)
Bevis Bulmer to the Same.
1605, Sept. 23.
Since my letter to your lordship of 17 July
I have received order by my Lord President of the Council
here, that I should work in Wonlock Water, where Mr. Bowes
had wrought. I entered to work there 5 Aug. with 26 men,
and so continue following such trains of gold as I have found,
until I come to the place whence the scattered gold doth
proceed. I wrote in my last letters so largely of the manner of
my working, that I cannot as yet write any other news thereof,
but do still refer the reports thereof to the Earl of Marre and
my Lord President, who have both been here and seen the works
of old times and now. But although these men be of great
wisdom, yet because they have not been practised in minerals,
my humble suit is that some tinners of skill, as namely Sir
Francis Godolphin, Sir William Godolphin, his son, or Sir
Hannibal Vivean, or some such skilful workmen tinners such
as are searchers for veins of tin called "shodders" may in the
next spring (for that winter is now approaching here) be sent
to survey and see whether there be not as likely trains and
"shoders" of gold as they have of their tin, and as possible in
time to be found, that his Majesty may be either encouraged to go
forward in the search as a matter of great importance, or utterly
to lease his charge. It is hoped his Majesty will be here the
next spring, and then I trust you will come with him. It was
his Majesty's pleasure I should proceed in search this year as
I did the last, as by warrant to the Lord Treasurer for my
supply, and I should have received 200l. the first of August for
two months, and had given my bills of exchange to Sir Ralph
Gray of Gillingham, who after receipt thereof should have
paid it me here; but my Lord would give no order for the
payment until the 20th of this Sept., and whether it be paid
or not I know not. I beseech you to move my Lord Treasurer,
so long as his Majesty commands me to employ his people to
work, that I may be supplied with money. If this 200l. be
paid, then I have received since 10 Dec. last 800l. and I have
sent my acquittance for 200l. more to furnish the works this
winter. Since you admitted me to your favour I have had
your assistance concerning my lead works at Myndepe, and now
the lewd fellow has confessed my right. I beseech your assistance to Sir Patrick Murray for my possession. I have sent to
his Majesty 14 several pieces of gold the most of them having
the rock-spar growing in them, which I beseech you crave the
keeping of them, or else they will be lost. I have other small
gold, but I detain it because the last I sent was wasted. I have
one suit, that seeing this action is so much suspected to be but
my deceit, and that the great learned men can hardly be brought
to believe it is possible for gold to be found here, the gold I left
be made into a cup and have engraved upon it that it was
bred in Scotland. I beseech that the two greatest pieces may
be fastened to the cup, the flat piece between the bottom and
the foot thereof, and the round piece on the top, to prevent all
cavils of time, for although the cup be gold, yet it may be said
that it was fined forth of copper or other base metals, but the
natural gold will agree with the fineness of the body.—His
Majesty's gold mines, 23 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "From Crawford Moor." 3 pp.
The Master of Gray to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 23.
At my Lord of Dumbar's return I wrote
what both in my little suit and in all things else should touch
me he had promised. So now my Lord of Skone repairing to
Court, I thought meet to show you that he has hitherto only
made excuse for a warrant, which the Earl of Dumbar has
promised to procure immediately after his arrival. This much
in respect they be both now at Court, and where they may
perform, I having necessarily to do at this term, known to my
Lord of Skone.
My meaning was to have sent my son with his uncle the
Master of Orkney, but neither was his errand ripe, nor I as yet
in readiness for it.—Dundie, 23 Sept. 1605.
PS. I doubt not my Lord of Dumbar has conferred with you
anent this voyage of my Lord Home's, for I was plain with him
how far the voice of people touched him in that matter.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 75.)
Dr. John Rainolds to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 23.
Expresses his thanks for Salisbury's reported
favour to him. As much is done as he in reason could desire,
and the lack of more is occasioned by his own want. Hopes
Salisbury will excuse his not coming to Court, because since he
received commandment from the King to take pains about
their translation of the Bible, all other business set apart, he
thought it his duty that no public causes should stay him from
it, much less private. Their company, meeting thereupon at
conference three days weekly, is through divers hindrances
brought to such paucity that, if he were absent, there would
not be a major part to prosecute it, without which they proceed
Touching the imputation whereof I understand first by my
Lord Treasurer's letter to our Vice-Chancellor, that I had
promised the King at Hampton Court to subscribe, and thence
offended, now refusing it; I assure myself that, since I had
no private speech there with his Highness, but am said to
have promised it in the conference publicly, his wise discerning
of the difference between subscription and conformity, this
latter only then urged, as sundry of that audience too can
testify, (to omit that the note which, upon his royal commandment, I exhibited of errors in the Apocrypha, did mention them
as just cause why to forbear subscription, yea, the same
approved by some correction of the book therein afterward)
will suffice to acquit me from it. Else, unless the matter were
apparently known, perhaps even to you, whose favour in
justifying there my speech of the promiscuous and offensive
sale of Popish traitorous books I am much beholding for, and
conceive accordingly of your attent observing all the rest that
passed; I would call the searcher of the reins and hearts to
witness of the wrong I suffer by that report, with David's
protestation, "O Lord, my God if I have done this thing;
if this iniquity be in my hands; let the enemy pursue my soul
and overtake it, yea, let him tread down my life upon the
earth, and lay mine honour in the dust." With thanks for your
speaking also to my Lord of Canterbury, whom I endeavoured
before by letter to satisfy, and would have done further by
my presence, had not the aforesaid cause detained me at home.—
Oxford, 23 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (191. 46.)
The Earl of Salisbury to Sir John Ogle.
[? 1605], Sept. 24.
Although I know that wolves do often
walk under sheep's clothing and how usual it is for buffoons
to be used as spies, yet because I hold it a weakness in wise
men to believe that all sheep are wolves, or to be so transported
with jealousies as not to distinguish between necessary caution
and other endless apprehensions; and because the nature of
my place ties me to hold all terms of civil courtesy with the
subjects of foreign princes, I am now forced to be a dealer in a
matter to which I have small inclination, as fearing to be
misjudged by those that are not well-informed of all particular
circumstances. When the Lord Admiral returned out of
Spain, there came in the company of the Spanish Ambassador
a Spanish jester, in whom the King and Queen of Spain take
great delight, the rather because he is of such a humour of
ranging abroad as he becomes delightful at his return to those
that hear his foolish discourses of his adventures; wherein he
hath one great quality that is predominant, which is, to be one
of the fearfullest creatures of the earth. Now this fool hath
a great desire to see those Provinces by the favour of his
Majesty's protection, and in this divers great subjects of Spain
have sent unto me to take some care under his Majesty that
he may be so recommended as not to miscarry by any
violent injury. In which, although I know that all men of
judgment and discretion will hold it contemptible to dream of
any his practice in his journey, yet upon his Majesty's desire
to Mons. Caron that such a request might not be refused, I
thought it convenient to advise his Majesty to prepare the
way by Mons. Caron to his Excellency, that he (knowing the
nature of the man) might use it as seemed best to his wisdom.
Of whom this is all I will say, although there be wit enough in
his forehead to observe the places where he comes, yet for any
humour he hath of railing or scoffing, I do assure you that in
all his carriage here these 2 or 3 months never man had cause
to complain of him, but rather he hath not forborne to flatter
us, with censuring his own Court and country with the greatest
freedom in the world, and plainly told the King's own
Ambassador to his teeth that he had rather see Count
Maurice than all the princes in the world. When the
Constable of Castile commanded in France, he got passport
to come to the French King, who then took great pleasure in
him. Of all these circumstances I pray you take some opportunity to inform his Excellency, and if upon your suit from me
he would give the more careful order that in his passage there
may be no violence, I shall take it for a great favour. For the
rest I entreat you, while this poor fool is there, to cause some
of yours that have discretion, to have some eye over him for
his lodging and diet, for he is sickly, and so to further him to
see the Prince Maurice and his camp, as it may serve him
hereafter to talk of his usage, and yet not to bring him within
shot or danger. That done (for which 3 or 4 days' stay may
serve), the sooner you shall send him away the better, seeing
he is presently to return from hence into Spain. I hope you
will so carry this matter as I may not be thought a fool for
undertaking for another.—From the Court at Hampton Court,
PS. I have received many letters from you, which give me
very much satisfaction, for I find a great difference between
the advertisements from the Hage and those from the Place.
Your last was of the 3 Sept., whereof I shall be glad to hear
some good issue.
Copy. Endorsed (in a late hand): "1605." 2½ pp. (112.
Sir Thomas Smythe to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 24.
Being returned out of Russia, I could not
omit the first opportunity to present my service as the best
acknowledgment I can make for your favours; and to entreat
your directions concerning my coming to the Court to attend
the King, with an account of my service, for a conclusion of
this employment.—24 Sept. 1605.
Signed. ½ p. (191. 47.)
Lord Lumley to the Same.
1605, Sept. 24.
I account myself much beholden to your
lordship for your late favour towards me and my wife in this
matter of the King's assent for our recompense touching the
great park at Nonsuch. Mr. Attorney has drawn a docket
for the King to assign for the receiving of my annuity out of
the Exchequer, and an acknowledgment for me to sign before
a Master of the Chancery the surrender which I have of my
interest in that park, which is to be done by me after the docket
be had from the king.—From my house at Tower Hill, 24 Sept.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (112. 85.)
The Lord Treasurer to the Same.
1605, Sept. 25.
Enclosing a bill engrossed of a grant of an
annuity to Lord and Lady Lumley, in consideration of his
surrender of his interest in the great park of Nonsuch and a
rent reserved upon the said estate heretofore granted at his
suit unto Richard Mathew.—Dorset House, 25 Sept. 1605.
Signed. ½ p. (112. 87.)
William Farrar to his uncle, Edward Nostin.
1605, Sept. 25.
I have given you twice or thrice to understand by writing how all things have gone with me since my
coming over, but as yet I have not received any answer, neither
do I know whether my letters have been delivered. Therefore
to be more certain of the matter, I think it not amiss to repeat
in brief part of that which they contained. After Mr. Browne
could not get me placed at St. Omers, he went about his own
business another way, and so left me with a merchant, one of
his acquaintance, to be placed at Doway, who when I came
hither so handled the matter for me that the president of the
college said flatly that he would not receive me under 15l. a
a year, because the president and he bear no great will the
one to the other. But presently he took order for me to be
tabled in the town at an Englishman's house, where also 3 or
4 other scholars lie at their own charges, with whom I should
diet, and so he said I should fare better than if I were in the
college, both for the wholesomeness of my meat and also my
lodging; which I know to be most certain by the report of
many which are of college. If I table myself here I cannot be
under 16l. at the least for my diet, books, apparel, and other
necessary things. I have only 20l. here, for Mr. Browne kept
the other 3l. and odd money for the bearing of my charges
hither. If you like not that I should be here after this manner,
and can procure the archpriest's letter to the president of this
college, that I may be there for 10l. or 12l. a year, I doubt not
but that I shall be admitted. Entreat my father to send over
some cloth to make a gown, and some clothes against this
winter, for those which I now have be almost worn forth. You
shall hear of one Henry Keene at London, if you enquire of any
pr[iest] thereabout for him, who uses to bring over youths to
this and other colleges, who comes to and fro most commonly
every month, by whom you may send unto me. I pray you
write by the name subscribed, for I go by that name here, to
the end I may avoid all danger, which otherwise might happen
to you and my father.—Doway, 25 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 86.)
The Earl of Devonshire to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Sept. 25.
Do me the favour to let me know when
the King goes from Hampton Court, and how long you think
he will stay at Rouston [Royston]. I would be at the Court
from 2 or 3 days before.—Wansteed, 25 Sept.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 88.)
The Archbishop of Canterbury to the Same.
1605, Sept. 25.
Mr. Montforte, a layman, is come again
yesternight to me. I would have sent him this morning to
you but I knew not your business. If I hear from you that
so is your pleasure, I will send him to-morrow. I perceive he
is very well allied, and he seems to be a moderate and discreet
gentleman, so as there is no doubt he will be always ready to
attend, were it not for his charges.—Lambeth, 25 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (191. 48.)
Richard Percival to the Same.
1605, Sept. 26.
These parties are now agreed with after much
ado with Spencer, who stood very peremptorily with Ralph
Dobbinson to have 200l. for his interest. This day, Mr.
Houghton being there, we have concluded in the end with
Langton the cutler, that has the rooms toward the street, for
110l. which he receives this day, with Spencer for 170l. which
he must receive on Wednesday next, so as this bargain is 20l.
dearer than it should have been if you had gone through with
it before; and if we had not taken them now and pressed them
very hard, it would have been dearer.
Langton has 3 weeks' liberty to remove and Spencer a month.
Houghton, not being able to write himself, by reason of a pain
in his hand, requested me to signify to you that he has provided
such money as you willed him by your last letter. Your
building goes forward with the best haste it can, yet not without
some interruption, sometimes by want of timber, sometimes
of stone, sometimes of workmen. We press to have the work
within finished, and the carpenter protests he does all he can.—
From your lordship's house, 26 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 89.)
George Belgrave to [Richard] Percival.
1605, Sept. 26.
I wrote and entreated you that no lease
might pass concerning my brother Randell's lands, which my
Lord your master vouchsafed at the President of Wales's
request, unless you might see a letter of attorney under my
hand, and my letter therewith to yourself. So it is there is an
offer forward by Mr. George Curzon of Croxall, to whom I have
granted my right therein. I entreat you to further him in
obtaining the lease with what expedition you can.—26 Sept.
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 90.)
The Archbishop of Canterbury to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. .
Yesternight one Monford, a Norfolk man,
came unto me and said he was the party that first informed
Barnby the priest of Watson's traitorous designments; that
now he was to acquaint me with a matter tending to the same
purpose. The people of Norfolk and such as adjoined to the
seas, which now are ordered to be drained, are all of them
desperately bent, and cast out very broad speeches against
the intendment, and all whom they hear to be undertaken
in that affair. Some of them went into the most parts of
England exclaiming amongst the baser sort against the work,
as tending to the utter undoing of them, their wives and children,
and affirming that this course of taking away of their commons
without their consent was but a beginning to deprive all the
poor of the realm of theirs; that these beginnings must be
withstood [lest] the inhabitants in the parts near the se[a]
lose their lives, men, women and childr[en if] they suffer them
to be drained; that if [the Chief] Justice come into those parts
any more abou[t that] business, he shall be met with; that
su[ndry] of them meant to make a supplication to his Ma[jesty
showing] him reasons against that purpose. He [was] earnestly
moved to deliver the said supplications and reasons, but refused
so to do, because he thought it to be dangerous to himself.
Notwithstanding he yielded unto them to deliver their
supplication to some eminent man in the State, who would
acquaint his Majesty with them; thereupon following Mr.
Barnabie's example in the former treason, he was come to
acquaint me with the premises. After this relation he delivered
to me the supplication. I demanded certain questions of him
as who they are that go abroad in that sort in the upland
countries, whom he heard threaten the Lord Chief Justice,
who primed the supplication and urged him to deliver it. To
all which he answered that he hoped I would not seek to bring
him into any trouble, and deal as friendly with him as I had
with Mr. Barneby, the priest who first informed me of Watson's
treasons. Perceiving that he expected some favour I asked
him what he meant thereby, whereunto quoth he, I am a
recusant and if I might obtain from his Majesty a protection
that hereafter I might not be troubled for my conscience, I
should hold myself sufficiently rewarded. By this time it drew
towards night, and then he said he would leave me for that
time and come to me in the morning again. I thought with
myself, this fellow coming to me of his own accord, I shall not
need to stay him now, but departed with him very kindly.
But as yet he is not come to me, it being almost 9 o'clock. If
he come to-day or to-morrow I will send him to you: if he do
not I will send one into Norfolk with an attachment to bring
him unto me. I am much troubled that I suffered him to
depart out of safe custody, but it shall be a warning unto me.—
At Lambeth, this — of September 1605.
Holograph. Endorsed: "27 Sept." 2 pp. (112. 94.)
Viscount Lisle to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605. Sept. 27.
You and my Lord Treasurer signed a warrant
like this enclosed. By reason that Mr. Gawber, to whom it
was directed, died suddenly before the business could be performed, I pray a new warrant, whereunto the Lord Treasurer
has already put his hand. I beseech you put yours as you
did to the other.—27 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (191. 49.)
The Lord Treasurer to the Same.
1605, Sept. 28.
Sir Vincent Skinner and I are setting down
these estimates, among which I must know your mind, what
the yearly profit of the Wards shall be set at besides the inward
allowances. I mean the clear towards answering the Household, the Wardrobe, or any other payment that the King shall
have cause to assign out of that revenue. I estimated it last
by your counsel at 20,000l. Now let me know what sum I shall
set down.—28 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 93.)
Captain William Bowyer to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Sept. 28.
I have directed this bearer, my son and
lieutenant, to attend you about the matter of the ordnance
disposedly lying in divers forts of Northumberland, that if it
please you to have them stored at Berwick or elsewhere (for as
now they lie buried in the earth, to the great hurt thereof), he
may be ready to receive your instructions.—From Barwick,
28 Sept. 1605.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (112. 95.)
Capt. Windebank to [the Same].
1605, Sept. 29.
Here arrived this evening the ordinary post
of Andwarpe with express business from Callis, and reports for
certain that the Marquis Spinola is come near Sluce, and has
taken 2 or 3 forts or sconces and besieged Edenborowe; and
that yesterday there was drawn out of every company at
Dunkerk a certain number to send to the siege. This is all I
can yet understand.—Dover, 29 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (101. 148.)
Alexander Hay to the Same.
, Sept. 30.
The necessity of my hasty departure upon
the small time of absence granted, and sudden return, enforced
me to depart before the kissing of your lordship's hand, whereof
I entreat your pardon.—Westminster, last Sept.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 96.)
The Deputy Lieutenants of Hertfordshire
to the Same.
1605, Sept. 30.
They have entered into the execution of
his Majesty's commission of lieutenancy for Hertfordshire and
found many defects therein both of the trained soldiers and
the armour. They have fully supplied very able and personable
men, but find the armour so hard a matter to supply, as they
entreat Salisbury's favour in procuring an abatement of the
too heavy burden of 1,500 trained footmen, 20 lances, and 60
light horses, which always with very great grudging and mislike
they could hardly get performed. The shire, being very small
and barren, was at the first too heavily taxed, wherefore their
suit is that they may be rated at 1,200 foot, 20 lances, and 50
light horses. Two of the 5 foot-bands are at present without
captains, one by the departure of Mr. John Colt out of the
shire, the other in respect that Sir Rowland Lytton is one of
Salisbury's deputy-lieutenants, and for the supply thereof some
of them will shortly wait upon his Honour. Whereas the whole
number of 1,500 soldiers had new coats bought in 1599, which
stood the shire in 750l. the most part of them by negligent
keeping are so moth-eaten, as they are very unserviceable,
which may well be spared as long as it shall please God to
continue this most happy peace.—From Hartford, 30 Sept.
Signed: He. Cocke, Phi. Boteler, R. Lytton, Arthure Capell.
1½ pp. (112. 97.)
Rowland Stanley to William Stanley.
[? 1605], Sept. 30.
Asks him to send Tom with his (the
writer's) father's hawks as soon as they be well flying. As to
a tarsell Tom Paulton promised his (the writer's) father.
Desires to be excused to his sister Stanley.—From our camp near
Rour, last of September.
Holograph. 1 p. (99. 18.)
The Same to Sir Peter Leigh.
, Sept. 30.
Good Knight, my cousin Norris leaving
our camp and being desirous to travel into France, I could not
let him pass without the adventure of a letter desiring thereby
to manifest my love, being destitute of better means. Sir,
you may imagine me partial in relating unto you some part
of our summer's travail, but I protest I have ever hated a liar
in my heart. The first enterprise the enemy attempted was to
cut the dyke close adjoining to Antwerp, and by that means
thought to have drowned a great part of the country and
gained the town. I doubt not but you heard how they
prospered. After which he went to a chastel of ours called
Woue [? Wouda] which they lay before 3 days in which time
he compounded with the Walloons to betray it after they
thought to have set foot in Flanders, thinking to gain two
forts of ours, the one called Patience and the other called Sase,
which if he had done he had brought the country into contribution to the very gates of Gunnte [Ghent], all which places
we rel[iev]ed and forced him out of Flanders. We left behind
us in Flanders 6,000 men to force him keep his trenches, and
marched with the rest of our army in Frise, where in all our
journey the enemy never encountered us. We besieged two
towns. The one was a town of great importance and the very
key of the country called Linge [Linghen] and brought a great
part of the country into contribution. In all which time the
enemy lay within 3 or 4 leagues and never interrupted us, lying
no way entrenched more than the commodity of the ground did
afford us. We remained there 20 days to fortify the town and
victual it and to leave it furnished with all provision for the war:
in all which time he durst not approach so near as to adventure
the cutting off of any of our convoys. In these two towns we
left behind us four thousand men to man them, and marched
before we came to any succour of ours a hundred and twenty
English miles, in all which time he never attempted us neither
on the "wanne" [van] nor rear. If I may not justly condemn
this for a cowardly enemy, I refer me to your judgment. True
it is he is politic but he wanteth Sir Francis Vere's valour.
Thus with my most humble duty to my lady and yourself I
commit you [to] God.—From our camp at Rour near the river
of Rhine I cease this last of September.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (99. 19.)
[The Earl of Salisbury] to [Ulric], Duke of Holstein.
[1605, Sept.] [A page cut out here].
Your Highness has
showed so much love to the King and the Isle of Britain in all
your carriage at home and abroad, and knows me to be so
true an Englishman (notwithstanding all our last year's
Spanish and French presents), as I am bold still when I write
to you to choose my mother-tongue, the better to express my
mind. Where your Highness lately honoured me with your
letters by Sir Andrew Keyth, as well expressing the continuance
of your favour towards me, as the recommendation of the
cause concerning Mr. Gunterott, for the latter I refer myself
to the relation of the gentleman himself, who shall not lack
the best of my small power to deliver him out of his extremities.
Seeing he has offered confidently to abide the trial of those
crimes which are most aggravated against him, and were indeed
worthy of such severity, I cannot forbear to say that the denial
to pardon him for the slaughter only (which is an ordinary
fortune amongst valiant men) confirms to all men of indifferent
judgment that there are some powerful enemies which hinder
the Emperor's mercy; for remedy whereof some course is now
taking to possess the Emperor's own ears with truth, whereof
I wish the success. It remains now only for me to give you
some account of his Majesty, how all things stand. After a
pleasant and healthful progress his Majesty, with the Queen,
is come to Hampton Court, and now preparing to hold the
Parliament in November. As for the realm of Scotland, whereof
we have heard that bruits have flown abroad as if some tumults
were towards, you may confidently know that all is as quiet
as in the city of London. Only upon a course begun by his
Majesty to adorn the church there with episcopal authority,
as here it is and must be in all monarchies, howsoever another
form of equality may fit a petty state or private city, some
dozen or twenty of the rash puritan ministry sought to oppose
the same, hoping to become famous by this singularity; which
is a thing, as your Highness knows, that draws after it all those
that have beggarly fortunes. In which course they continued
some few days, assembling many of the ignorant people together
at conventicles holden by them, whereof so soon as the Council
were informed, they committed all the principals without the
contradiction of any man of note or quality. In France there
have been some private gentlemen, most of them soldats de
fortune, who have committed outrages in the parts of Languedoc,
some of them being allied to Marshal Byron, who had been
dealt withal by some frontier Spanish governors about Bearne
to betray some of their towns. Hereupon the French King
began to suspect every comer, Spain on this side, the Protestant
party in France on the other side, because some of the followers
of the Marshal Buillon in those parts had likewise joined with
them. But all is suppressed, divers of the actors punished,
and for the Marshal Buillon's part herein, no man has showed
greater innocency than himself, having sent order to all that
depended upon him to join with other his Majesty's servants in
the prosecution of these rebels; a matter whereof I am very
glad, because I have long known him as a lover of true religion
and a constant opposite against all Romish and Spanish
practices. Nevertheless the French King, to confirm obedience
in those remote places by his presence, as also to make the
world perceive he is yet in his own person an active prince,
has begun a journey into those quarters. . . . [A page cut
out here]. . . . Concerning this summer's wars between the
Archdukes and the United Provinces, this is all that I can say,
that notwithstanding the first brave attempt of Count Maurice's
army upon Antwerp in the spring, and the great glory with
which Spinola since began in Friesland, this summer's wars
will breed no great alterations saving the town of Lyngen in
Friesland, which is scarce worth the charge of the Archdukes'
army; little more is like to follow, considering the near approach
of the winter. Lastly, seeing I have played the nouvellard in
some of these matters, I think it my part to acquaint you that
Monsr. Ramelius has been here from the King your brother to
be installed for his Majesty at Wynsore, where (the Prince being
lieutenant) it was performed with all due ceremonies. The
rest of his business consisted of two parts; the one, that the
merchants adventurers of England would change their residence
from Stoade to Hamborrough; the other to understand how
his Majesty was satisfied with those answers which the King
his master had sent back some 6 months afore upon the complaints exhibited by his Majesty's subjects for divers grievous
impositions daily innovated upon them, as well in the passage
through the Sound, as in their trade of fishing; adding notwithstanding that he had only authority in this particular to
receive replies, but no commission to conclude. By which, to
deal freely with your H[ighness], it well appears that the King
your brother can be contented to spend as much time as we
will in writing and sending to and fro, as long as he may receive
the great commodities rising by our trade. Wherein it may
be said that it is not usual to take so great tolls pro solo transitu,
except our merchants did buy and sell in his countries, yet I
am not so simple to expect that his Majesty should part with
these reasonable profits, which he has used to receive, but only
am sorry that the world should see any unreasonable burdens
continued and increased, which in respect of the strait alliance
were fit to be reasonably qualified, as I doubt not but it shall
be when this gentleman has related truly and indifferently those
grievances, because it is very probable that his Majesty is not
well-informed, but rather otherwise persuaded by some about
him that have some private benefit in the managing of those
things which are incident to his tolls and customs. As for
that point concerning Hamborough, his Majesty has commanded his subjects to confer and advise of the proposition
made by that town; whereupon if they find it profitable for
them, his Majesty has required them to accept the same as a
matter which he much affects in respect of his great desire to
satisfy the King. But if they shall upon examination find it
dangerous unto their trade which is their living, his Majesty is
so just a King as he will not constrain his subjects to take those
courses whereupon the undoing of them and theirs depends.
This day he has been feasted and fairly presented at Hampton
Court, where your health has not been forgotten. He was by
the King lodged and defrayed in Somerset House, and so
respected in all things, as he seems to go away with very great
Draft corrected by Salisbury. 6 pp. (112. 78.)
The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Lewis Lewkenor.
[1605, ? Sept.]
I received your letter of August, with which
I acquainted his Majesty because he might see your care and
diligence, for which he has willed me to return you his gracious
acceptation. For the passage of the Lord Arundell in this fashion
and at this time, he has fully answered the Ambassador that he
cannot be driven from his former grounds mentioned in your
letter; in which respect we are commanded to require you to
let my Lord Arundel know that his Majesty is pleased, by virtue
hereof, to forbid him to present himself at this time, either to
embark in his Majesty's ships or any other vessels of his subjects
that are to receive any protection at this time of his convoy over.
For better notice whereof you may show him this letter subscribed by us.—Undated.
Draft. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (114. 126.)
Sir Edward Coke, Attorney General, to the
Earl of Salisbury.
[1605, ? Sept.]
I received letters from the Council concerning
a proclamation to be drawn for the better furtherance of the
execution of letters patents lately granted to the Duke of
Lennox of the office of the Alnager, etc.; the rather for that you
were informed of a precedent example in that kind. This
matter I have had as great consideration of as I could, and find
it to be both inconvenient and against law to publish any
proclamation in this case; first, for proclamations ought to
accompany matters for the public, and not for any man's
private. 2. For that the patent so to be proclaimed is in part
directly against law and so resolved by all the judges. Con
cerning the precedent mentioned in your letters, there is none
such, but the patentee, because he would not be at the charge
of duplicates for the deputies, got his letters patents to be
printed, so as there was never any proclamation in any such
case that ever the eye of the law saw, as now is desired. But
I find a proclamation against monopolies and unlawful grants,
wherein these letters patents now sought to be graced are condemned. Besides, the former patentee sued in the Exchequer
Chamber since I was Attorney, and there was rejected, and
now has abused this nobleman to revive a senseless and dead
patent. I think it a great offence both to the King, and an
injury to the Lord Chancellor, for any printer to print letters
patents without warrant, for thereof great wrong may ensue
to the Great Seal, and no small prejudice to the commonwealth.
Though I know this manner of plain dealing to be obnoxious
to danger, yet I dare not but inform you of the truth, and so
will ever do.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (113. 152.)
[See Calendar of S.P. Dom. 1603–1610, p. 233.]
Captain Bredgate to the Earl of Salisbury.
I crave pardon in that I was so bold to write
and speak to your Honour in excuse of my poor self. I was
willed so to do by the Lord Arundell in regard of his letter to
you and my Lord of Northampton, but chiefly for my own
security; for surely it will cost me my life at one time or another,
if the men-of-war of Holland and Zeland should know that I
did willingly or wittingly carry the Lord Ardell [Arundel] over.
Therefore I wish they may never know that he went over with
me otherwise than I have excused the said passage of his.
But if the King will give me leave and the State employ me
in one of their men-of-war, I will venture my best blood to be
revenged of these disgraces that I have received by the Lord
Arundell's means. He assured me upon his honour that to
carry him over secretly and safely would get me credit and
thanks of many honourable friends of his. Further, said he,
you well know that my horses, my bag and baggage with my
followers is all shipped to be conveyed by the Admiral and you
in this passage. Also Sir E. Parham with divers others, captains
and gentlemen, goes over in the Admiral, and I protest I knew
not to the contrary, but that he might go over, so that he could
get over in safety from the fury of the Holland and Zeland
men-of-war, who had notice of his coming and had vowed his
death, if they could take him. I was the more willing to do
his service, because he said he would cause his friends to give
me thanks, naming your lordship, my Lord Treasurer, the
Earls of North[ampton] and Southampton, which put such joy
into me as I assured myself that I should either be continued
in service, or, if [not ?] after 27 years I did hope to have some
pension to live by in my old days, for if my employment be
taken from me, it will be my utter overthrow. Be now good
unto me and give me my liberty, for surely to be thus kept close
prisoner will shortly be my death. I have some things to
reveal to your lordship, which I will not do to anyone else.—
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "Sept. 1605." 1 p. (112. 98.)
[The Council] to [the Lieutenant of the Tower
(? Sir William Waad)].
[? 1605, Sept.]
Forasmuch as we perceive that you are
desirous to receive some warrant and direction particularly,
as well as your predecessor had, for ordering the matter of
access to the prisoners committed to your charge, towards
whom his Majesty has been contented to exceed any former
precedents in that degree, as well as in great things concerning
them more than in point of liberty; we have thought good to
let you know that seeing the catalogue which was made of all
such per[sons] as were thought fit to have access to the late
Lord Cobham, Lord Grey and Sir Walter Ralegh, remained
with the late Lieutenant, warranted with a general letter of
my Lords of the Council, both which are come to your hands,
we think good to refer you to that for the present, containing
the names of so many as we could then think of, or the prisoners
themselves could name unto us, either for physic, or any business
incident to their private state, or for the particular comfort of
visitation by their wives or nearest friends, amounting in the
whole, as appears by the list, to above 30 persons. And yet
because it may be that they will desire to change some of their
attendants and put others in their places, or desire that some
of their friends might come to speak with them upon some
extraordinary occasion, we have thought good, considering the
experience you have given of honesty and discretion, at any
such time as they shall give you any probable reason what
their business is with them, to give you sufficient warrant
hereby to use your discretion herein, as long as you perceive
it to extend no further than to some private gentleman or such
like person, without encroaching so much upon his Majesty's
favour as to convert that place of imprisonment to a place of
ordinary compliment and visitation. By which authority
given you, as you may better judge what is fit for you to do
when it is left to yourself, so doth his Majesty give you the
liberty, the rather because your prisoners may both know that
you are their keeper, and understand withal that his Majesty
will chiefly make judgment of their disposition as you shall
report of their carriage and behaviour from time to time.—
Draft, largely corrected by Salisbury. 2½ pp. (187. 147.)
The Enclosure (?):
Persons permitted to have access.
To Lord Cobham: The Countess his wife and her woman.
Sir John Leveson. Dr. Langhton, Dr. Poe, or any of the
physicians with the privity of the Lieutenant. Laneham and
Morgan, these 2 are to remain in the Tower with him. Wood,
Penn, Jackson, Morris, his cook and apothecary: to repair to
him at times convenient.
To Lord Grey: his mother or sisters when they are in town.
Mr. Hewes and his 2 men in ordinary, to remain in the Tower
with him. Parker, Benson and his barber, to repair to him at
To Sir Walter Ralegh: his Lady and his son and her waiting
maid. John Talbot, Peter Deane and John Talbot a boy:
these to remain in the Tower with him. Gilbert Hawthorne
a preacher, Dr. Turner, Dr. John a surgeon, John Shelbury,
Thomas Herryot and his steward of Sherborne: to repair to
him at convenient times.—Undated.
1 p. (115. 21.)
(1) Ground plan of a house.—Sept. 1605.
1 sheet. (Maps 2. 17.)
(2) Ground plan of a quadrangular house.—Sept. 1605.
1 sheet. (236. 26.)
(3) Plan of a quadrangular house.—Undated.
1 sheet. (236. 10.)
[Apparently by the same hand as the foregoing plan.]
[? 1605, c. Sept.]
House plan, containing King's gallery,
King's presence [chamber], Queen's gallery, Queen's presence
[chamber] and Queen's closet.—Undated.
Endorsed: "For Amptell." 2 sheets. (211. 1.)
[See Calendar of S.P. Dom. 1603–1610, p. 234.]
The Earl of Tyrconnell to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1605, after Sept.]
I have written you touching Lyffer
[Lifford], which was taken up, as it was pretended, for his
Majesty's use, on the information of such persons as sucked
all the wealth of that land which his Highness bestowed on
me this three years passed to themselves. As the Lyffer was
the only jewel I had for my maintenance, they worked the best
means with the Lord Deputy and Council to take it from me,
alleging such reasons as they thought to be most acceptable
to the State. If this be a good consideration for all his Majesty
has been pleased to exempt out of my letters patents of that
living my ancestors have had, I refer to you, as also all other
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (115. 2.)
[See Calendar of S.P. Ireland, 1603–6, p. 324.]