The Bailiffs of Maldon to the Council.
1605, Oct. 16.
We received your letters, wherein you
recommended unto election for a burgess for Parliament my
Lord of Walden, for which care of our poor township we hold
ourselves very deeply engaged. There being some 8 days past
since Sir Edward Lewkner's death, divers have made means
for the place, and there being a gentleman within 3 miles of our
town, one Sir John Sames, a man well esteemed of, had procured
many voices for his electing, and in all appearance was like
to have the place; whereat upon receipt of your letters, we
were driven to some hard exigent, and sent for the knight and
acquainted him with your letters, desiring him to forbear
opposition. Unto which he yielded, as not willing to oppose
himself against so worthy a man as my Lord of Walden. There
is an oath of a freeman to be taken by my Lord of Walden before
he is eligible by our grant. And the presence of the nobleman
with us on the election day (by cause of an ancient use) will be
expected. But if otherwise his affairs cannot give him time,
we desire to know whether we may send our officer to take the
oath and then proceed to election.—Maldon, 16 Oct. 1605.
Signed: Willm. Burt; John Soan. 1 p. (112. 120.)
Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to the Lord Treasurer.
1605, Oct. 16.
I have received the enclosed from my Lord
of Salisbury. The time of meeting you see is 2 in the afternoon
to-morrow; the place the Council Chamber at the Whitehall.—
16 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (191. 55.)
Paul de la Hay to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 16.
I received letters from Sir William Wade
touching the apprehending of Cadwalladar and Edwards, two
seminary priests, by means of the recusant John Smith. Smith
upon his coming home procured a letter from Edwards, which
he delivered to me, by which I understood Edwards was lodged
in the house of one Staney in Monmouthshire, where with the
privity of the Bishop of Hereford I caused search to be made.
Though he was then in the house, yet by reason of certain secret
vaults our directions took not our desired effect. Since then
we can gain no understanding of either Edwards's or Cadwalladar's residence, but think this country for a while is quite
purged of their society. The Bishop asked my assistance in
examining witnesses against Rice Griffs [Griffiths] a seminary
priest; I enclose the breviat of our proceedings. The Bishop's
service in Griffiths's apprehension, and his forwardness against
recusants, has been the occasion of the reformation of many
in these parts, who before relied on Griffiths's false alarms of
toleration in their Popish error; so that since his apprehension,
of above 1,000 recusants in this county, the tenth part of them
are now scarce left for the Pope, and most part of them women.
Smith for his pains is so wellbeloved amongst them, that he is
like to remain awhile unabsolved of any his ghostly fathers.
This is the second time he has been unkind to his brothers, for
in '88 he apprehended one of their chief apostles, one Silvester,
that was executed as a traitor.—Alterenes, 16 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (191. 56.)
The Enclosure:—Brief of the examinations taken against
Rice Griffiths, alias Williams, a seminary priest. Evidence is
given by numerous witnesses, named, that Griffiths said mass,
administered the sacrament, heard confessions and gave
absolution, and solemnised marriages. He used slanderous
words against the King, and published false rumours of toleration
for liberty of conscience, by Thomas Price, his massing clerk.
He seduced the King's subjects from the religion established.
He carried Watson the traitor about this country to recusants'
houses, immediately before his apprehension. He was greatly
familiar with Roger Cadwallader, the priest. He practised to
bring into Herefordshire more seminary priests, as John
Scudamor. Having access to the Archbishop of Canterbury
and the Bishop of Hereford, what he heard from them he
disclosed to priests and recusants, enabling them to escape
arrest, as in the cases of Cadwallader, Elizabeth Bromwich,
North a priest, and Rice ap Rice. He assured seditious
recusants, who had made riots about Hereford, that the Archbishop had persuaded the King the riots were but a matter of
a broken head or two. He acquainted John Smith with the
contents of all letters passing between the Bishop of Hereford
and Sir Charles Morgan for the apprehension of priests. Smith
sent word ten months past to the Bishop of Griffiths's doubleness. He told Smith that he would be revenged on Sir Edmund
Ashfielde for calling him a lewd priest, and said he would reserve
it for a trick to stop the Archbishop's mouth, if ever he came
into any question. He harboured a sorcerer in secret, and
practised enchantments upon some of good sort.
Signed: Paul de la Hay. Endorsed: "Breviat of examinations taken by the Bishop of Hereford and Paul de la Hay."
3 pp. (191. 57.)
George Southaick to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 17.
Asking to be released from imprisonment,
for the purpose of delivering up a priest named White, and
laying information as to others coming from abroad.—The
Marshalsea, 17 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. 2 pp. (112. 121.)
King James to the Same.
[1605, Oct. 18].
My little beagle; that I have been so
long in writing to you, ye may only impute it to lack of matter,
for I daily hear of so great diligence and carefulness in all the
Council and of you so continual consultations upon all my
affairs as I protest I was never so void of care for all my great
turns; but on the other part I cannot but be sensible of that
needless and unseasonable profusion of expenses whereof ye
wrote in your last to Lake. Ye best know both my part and
mind in all the unnecessary waste that comes that way. That
anent the Spanish Ambassador I never heard it nor can yet
understand it; as for the other he is such an unsatiable epitome
of avarice as I doubt not he hath found out a new art of begging,
whereupon he may add a book to the bibliotheke of his countryman Rabelais. But when I consider the extremity of my state
at this time my only hap and hope that upholds me is in my
good servants, that will sweat and labour for my relief, upon
such grounds as I laid at my parting; otherwise I could rather
have wished with Job never to have been than that the glorious
sunshine of my entry here should be so soon overcasten with
the dark clouds of irreparable misery. I have promised and
I will perform it that there shall be no default in me; my only
comfort will be to know it is mendable; for my apprehension
of this strait (however I disguise it outwardly) hath done me
more harm already than ye would be glad of. As I can not
but highly commend the Council's care in all their consultations,
so can I not forbear to express my good liking in special of that
letter written by them to the judges anent the reformation of
abuses in and about London, the execution whereof will produce
many great good effects. The Duke of Lennox importunes me
daily to put an end to his turn, wherein I can say nothing till
I hear your advices that I employ in that errand. I am not
now in humour to write in my former style to you, for except
that thing I write of be helped I can sing no other song but
ad vada Maeandri concinit albus olor and swan-like shall I live
and die both in purity and innocence; only this word of mirth
that I envy your nephew that hath observed that strange
alteration in the Earl of Lincoln that I could not foretell by all
my astrology; but the reason is that now noble lord lives by
the influence of Dis that domines over him and therefore is not
under the climate of Phoebus nor subject to any celestial
influences. And to the purpose of this plutonical subject I
am glad to hear how hath coursed the priest and his devil; and
now ye may see for how many bad purposes this counterfeit
devilry would serve for, if it were not prevented; but ask of
3 [Earl of Northampton] how he thinkes a priest can both make
and eat a god, and lodge both god and the devil within him
simul et semel, but sure I am that 3 loves dearly his old 30
[the King] as he spares not to conjure both priests and devils
for his master's service. And thus with my kindest commendations to him and Suffolk and Worcester and all the rest of your
honest society I bid you heartily farewell.—James R.
Holograph. Endorsed by Salisbury: "18 October 1605.
His Majesty to me." Seal on red silk. 2½ pp. (134. 72.)
Sir Daniel Dun to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 18.
Hereinclosed I send the French copy I last
received of your lordship, with such answers as Mr. Smith
and Mr. Harrison, French merchants, and Mr. Gibson, one of
the Custom House, with whom I have severally conferred,
affirm to be agreeable to the truth. I find the same differ not
much from answers made by commissioners heretofore unto
like propositions.—From the Doctors' Commons, 18 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (112. 122.)
The Bishop of St. Davids to the Same.
1605, Oct. 18.
Sickness makes him unable to travel from
St. Davids to London, wherefore he prays for leave to be absent
from the next session of Parliament.—18 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. Signed: Anth. Meneven'. ½ p. (191. 59.)
Jo. Poulett and Dudley Carleton to the Same.
1605, Oct. 18.
They have now good assurance of Lord
Norreys's recovery. They describe the course of his illness.—
Paris, 18 Oct. 1605, stilo. vet.
Signed. 1 p. (191. 60.)
Lord Sheffield to the Same.
1605, Oct. 19.
Expresses the regret which the death of
Sir Thomas Hesketh has given them all in those parts, and the
maim they have received by the loss of a counsellor of so great
worthiness. Begs that his Majesty will respite to bestow the
place till he sees him, he being within two days of taking his
journey to that end. Before that time he will have care to
think upon some man of best trust, fit for the execution of his
Majesty's service under this his government.—Normanby, 19
Signed. 1 p. (191. 77.)
Henry FitzWilliam to the Same.
1605, Oct. 20.
Pardon my boldness in renewing my suit
made to you at Apethorpe, when the King was there, touching
that outrageous fact committed upon me in the highway near
Fotheringhay to the great peril of my life, as in my petition to
my Lord Chief Justice may appear; and for that by his letters
to Sir Robert Wynfeild and others my petition is proved true
upon examination, that you will join with my Lord Treasurer
on my behalf, requiring his Honour to proceed to the due
punishment of the actors of my spoil by shedding of my blood
in such abundance at my mouth, nose, and ear, as I am grown
to divers imperfections, to the great loss and discomfort of
myself, my wife and eleven poor children.—From London, 20
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 123.)
Thomas Bywater to the Earl of Salisbury.
[? 1605], Oct. 20.
Has been imprisoned above a year
and a half, and is now entered upon a new imprisonment.
Begs Salisbury to consider the lack of his ministry, the hindrance
of his study, the want of his friends' and the Church's society,
and the danger to his health, and to favour his enlargement.—
"This 20 of October, 10 weeks prisoner in the Clink."
Petition. 1 p. (196. 105.)
The Earl of Salisbury to King James.
[1605, Oct. 21].
The letter in which Sir Thomas Lake
delivered me your pleasure concerning the parks at Grafton
and the stewardship bearing date 20 Oct. came to my hands
to-day at 4 o'clock and not before by reason my servants
were loth to wake me sooner, having not rested all night in
respect of some physic which I took over night for pain in my
head coming late from Hampton Court.
I have been with my Lord of Cumberland ever since five o'clock
this morning whom I found in opinion of all the physicians like
to leave this life ere many hours, whereof I will forbear to make
any judgment seeing they speak in their own element; only
this I know will greatly content your Majesty which I can as
truly report as another, that he has made to Mr. Dr. Andrews
a religious and penitent confession in a faith constantly and
clearly condemning all Popish and corrupt opinions. He hath
received the communion, forgiven all the world lovingly, and
discreetly reconciled all dryness between him and my Lady,
dutifully and affectionately professed both his obligation and
his honest heart to your Majesty and hath of his worldly estate
bestowed all things with care and conscience, committing to
his brother, to my Lord Wooton and myself the executorship
of his last will. Wherein the world hath been witness of such
an extraordinary confidence in myself, as by God's grace it shall
never lie upon my conscience to betray the trust of an ancient
nobleman, my friend, ever well affected to your Majesty, and so
confirming his own particular precedent affection as he hath done
now in the time of so perfect a memory and so pure intention
as, if my Christian duty did not impose care upon me, moral
honesty would challenge me for the least neglect or error. Of
which I confess I write with grief, and yet do conclude that
such a death God send both me and my friends. For, if ever
any, I may say of him, Death is to him a vantage. And so
much for the present state wherein I left him, being newly
come back to return your Majesty mine answer.
I have particularly examined my commission, and as well as
my discretion would serve me delivered your pleasure; wherein
as I have only been curious to concur with your own affections
as I conceive them, so I do hope your Majesty will in no case
suffer my interpretation of your answer to be converted to my
prejudice, seeing I have racked my spirits to speak in yours,
and yet "mought" have been doubtful in what sense to deliver
it, seeing the bearer of your letter and others gave out before
I had opened it that they had brought a grant, which was far
otherwise in the letter; and yet I believe so much in your
favour to me as I should not have been disavowed if I would
have out of artifice engaged you as mistaking you, especially
to a nobleman so far onward to his end. When I came to him
I suffered all things to run on which were fit for him to do in
best strength and quiet lest any alteration in him might be
suspected to grow by your message; which being dispatched
he began himself to ask me what your Majesty had answered
upon his letter. Whereunto I replied that I had received from
you a commandment to visit him, and to recommend your
Majesty's gracious care of him, whose weak estate of body
greatly grieved you, because your Majesty had not only tried
his faith, when there was time for him to show it, but particularly loved his person, valued his blood and sufficiency,
and took particular contentment to have him near you in
regard of his own inclination to follow you in your princely and
manly sports and exercises. And for this particular of Grafton
had commanded me to say thus much, that howsoever now his
own brotherly affection made him press for his brother, that
your Majesty would appeal to his own judgment whether in
that place where you meant to make residence only for delight,
and whereof no profit could be made without dishonour, it were
not something cross to any prince's nature to be drawn by
importunity from bestowing that where the person should not
concur in these circumstances, which might make him capable
of those familiarities and commandments for which his lordship's
brother must needs be improper considering he is a stranger to
your Majesty in conversation and nature, in respect of himself
and many others long bred with you, although you hold him
an honest and a faithful gentleman worthy of that which nature
should have cast upon him.
Secondly, your Majesty even in reason of state did well
consider how necessary it was for you to be served with ancient
noblemen in those parts where they are best able, so as your
Majesty had no reason to be author of their diversion from their
residence in those parts. To which in this particular you
had commanded me to add this one impediment, that the Duke
of Lennox had long since obtained of your Majesty a promise
to be placed in the first office of this kind which should fall in
England. Of all which reasons I concluded thus, that there
might many other things present themselves, wherein your
Majesty might favour his brother, in which you had commanded
me to assure his lordship that for his sake you would be good
unto him, and so desired him from you to be of good comfort,
even for your own sake who wished his recovery. After he
had heard this patiently without the least note of any alteration,
he said your Majesty's message was very gracious and for
yourself your reasons judicious, in which consideration he would
forget nature before love and loyalty. Only he was grieved to
leave a brother so weak in his estate by his own lack of
providence, as he had grounded his desire upon that which
dissuaded your Majesty. For he desired it for his brother's
retreat until he had made his fortune fit for the place where
your Majesty desired to use him. But seeing this suit had
these exceptions, it should be sufficient comfort to him, if I
would give him comfort of your favour towards his brother
in a debt that hung upon his estate for a sea prize, wherein her
Majesty was to have a share, in respect of a ship she lent him
for his voyage; as also that your Majesty would perform your
word for that land beyond Esk which he was to hire of you at
a rent improved, the dispatch whereof was only put off to this
term. Then was I at a stand being loth to engage myself in
any thing, and yet being so well acquainted with your heroical
spirit as I am I did not only promise before them all to speak,
but presume to give some good hope, rather than by any dry
answer to so well born a subject full of softer affection than
many others that serve you to have left it disputable whether
more comfort from you might not have done him good; first
because the matter of the land is just, secondly the debt is not
above 2000l., and due in that kind wherein you shall do very
justly to do him favour. For which I have no way bound your
Majesty in particular, neither shall you now need to put yourself
any further than to say you will be gracious unto him in both
these kinds. For he will either be past your Majesty's further
comfort before you can or else there will be here some such
comfort of his recovery as may keep these things from question.
Which I wish with all my heart because I loved him living and
now admire him dying.—Undated.
Draft corrected by Salisbury. Endorsed: "21st Oct. 1605.
To his Majesty." 6 pp. (134. 81.)
Thomas Provis to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 21.
At the beginning of the late sessions I
was against my will by the Corporation of Penrin borough
chosen one of the burgesses for the town, which accordingly
all the said sessions I attended, albeit to my great hindrance
and loss. Now, as my trade and adventure require myself in
person, and knowing no matter of importance there for the said
town to be moved, and that I think some man fitter may by
your means supply my place, my suit is that I may be excused
for my attendance in that service this sessions now following,
and that you would appoint some other more sufficient in my
room. I have entreated my friend Sir John Parker, knight,
to solicit this my suit and if I may not be dispensed withal do
purpose upon intelligence from my friend with all convenient
speed to yield my attendance.—Penrin, 21 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 124.)
The Vice-Chancellor and Heads of Houses in Cambridge
to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 21.
Our University through a wrong intended
unto us and our printers by the printers of London is forthwith
likely to receive great prejudice, except by your favour it may
be prevented. For whereas heretofore, for the determining of
divers controversies between us and them, it was covenanted
under hand and seal of both sides, that Thomas's dictionary,
begun and perfected here by the industry of him and divers
other our learned men, should remain as a several copy unto us
for the better maintenance of our press, certain of them have
of late attempted in the end of another work of that kind
subtly to insert the said dictionary and by that means hazard
the overthrow of our printers and print, which we justly hold
to be an ornament of ours not lightly to be esteemed. We for
our part have held ourselves strictly to the agreement, and
whereas by our charter we may print omnes et omnimodos libros
per procancellarium et tres doctores approbatos, we have since that
time forborne to print any copies in the said concord reserved
unto them, and dealt only with such books as might be printed
by us without their prejudice. Wherefore we beseech you that
these men by your means may be stopped in this their injurious
attempt and we maintained in our own right.—21 Oct. 1605.
Signed: Jo. Cornell, Roger Goade, Robert Soame, Tho:
Nevile, Jo. Duport, Laur. Chaderton. Seal. 1 p. (136.
Tho. Brudenell to Sir Griffin Markham.
1605, Oct. 21.
I have received yours of October 5 and 17,
both to little purpose, unless you suspected my honesty,
which has not been spotted. Your mother has given me no
assurance, but delays; and you both know it has almost ruined
you all. If I perform what I said, I shall do as much for myself
as you have done for each other. If I deal with the land, I
will do that I promised, having that time after my assurance
which at your departure you allotted me. It scarce can ever
be in my power to redeem Gamston, because my aunt Lucy
Brudenell distraining upon Kirkly for her annuity, your brother
Sheldon says he must of force extend Gamston for his security.
Fear not my just dealing, but remember your promise stands
engaged to save me unindamnified by these bonds of yours,
as deeply as mine was to you concerning all royal dealing in
this business of Weston Favell. You have broken yours, but
I have not stained mine; but only desire to keep you in mind
of yours, and where you are too loose to tie you to what you
said you would perform. What was done before your going
is only done: and no more.
Your letters were too naked, both of news and directions how
I may address letters to you; only I remember the scrivener's
in Paul's Church Yard that you told me of. I would be glad
of your good fortunes; therefore bar not your friends of these
small comforts which you may give them.
Our nation affords no news, only Lord Saye's practice holds
hotter and more violent than ever. Taxis, our late Spanish
Ambassador, is not clear of folly therein, nor accessory of any
good that may befall us. I have gotten a wife, but have lost
her father, for Sir Tho. Tresam died a month past: our loss is
great, either public or private in my judgment, for divers
dependencies that were noble in their ends. Farewell, good
knight, distrust me not, for I protest were I as "friche" and
potent as I can and will be honest and true to my trusting
friends, I would not suffer in seeing my friends suffer so deeply
as they do divers of them, and divers ways. If I may receive
letters and have means to write to you, I will monthly visit you.
—Deene, 21 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. Endorsed by Salisbury: "Winter being asked
of this gentleman, cleareth him from ever being privy to any
disloyal purpose." 1½ pp. (191. 61.)
Proposed economies in the Royal Household.
1605, Oct. 22.
The proceedings of the Lords of the Privy
Council in household causes:—First to know his Majesty's
pleasure whether the diet issued to himself and the Queen shall
continue in as ample manner for number of dishes. And if the
same continue, then what abatements may be made in spice,
napery, wood, coals, etc.
Item, to know his Majesty's pleasure touching the "voydey"
daily issued to himself and the Queen, yearly standing his
Majesty in the sum—1000l.
Item, that the Prince's house should be dissolved, and he
to remain in his Majesty's house by means whereof there will
be yearly saved.—2000l.
Item, that the Duke of Lennox's diet be reduced to a diet of
10 dishes, being as much as is served to the Lord Chamberlain
or Earl of Worcester.—350l.
Item, that the two messes of meat of 7 dishes now served
daily to the Queen's presence chamber shall be henceforth
served but upon warning to be given by the gentleman ushers
signifying the intent of ladies in Court to dine or sup at the
Item, that a mess of meat of five dishes now daily served to
the board end of the maids'-of-honour table shall be discontinued
Item, that a diet of 7 dishes now served to Mrs. Dromond
shall be reduced to a chamber mess of two, being as much as
is issued to any lady in Court.—250l.
Item, that the apothecaries of the King and Queen shall have
allowance only of one mess of meat of 3 dishes betwixt them,
at such times as the King and Queen shall be resident in one
Item, that a diet of 4 dishes of meat now served to Mrs.
Hartside shall be reduced to a chamber mess of 2 dishes.—50l.
Item, that 6 chief messes of meat of 10 dishes shall receive
board wages in lieu thereof.—1286l. 12s. 6d.
Item, that 7 messes of meat of 7 dishes shall be put to board
wages.—1247l. 19s. 4d.
Item, that 3 messes of meat of 6 dishes shall be put to board
Item, that 7 messes of meat of 5 dishes shall be put to board
Item, that 2 messes of meat of 4 dishes shall be put to board
Item, that 24 messes of meat of 3 dishes shall be put to board
wages.—1146l. 14s. 6d.
Item, that 8 messes of meat of 2 dishes shall be put to board
Item, to move his Majesty touching allowance given in the
charge of household to 15 livery pages belonging to himself and
Item, that the diet now daily issued to Sir Peter Young
should at all times cease in his absence from Court.
Summa—[9635l. 16s. 4d.]
The abatement of ministers and officers of household, which
may be spared, will in time hereafter save his Majesty per
The like course in the chamber and stable will yearly save.—
The benefit of his Majesty's pastures which by this occasion
may be spared.—500l.
Ready money to make provisions at the best rate will yearly
Unsigned. 3 pp. (112. 125.)
Viscount Butler to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 22.
Being arrived here and intending presently
to ride towards the Court to do my duty unto his Majesty,
I was troubled with the heat of the liver (a disease that
has followed me long), and having taken the advice of a
physician, he wished me to repair to the Bath, where he doubted
not I shall have some ease. Upon which I resolved to go
presently thither, and there to stay for 3 or 4 days. In the
meantime I have dispatched the bearer hereof, Mr. Robert
Roth, toward the Court, to let you understand both of my
coming over, and of this cause why I went not presently forward
thither.—From Bristol, 22 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 127.)
The Bailiffs and others of Colchester to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 22.
We have by this bearer sent you up your
Honour's fee, and entreat your letters in our behalf to the
Lord Chancellor of England, to tax and assess the same fine
upon the confirmation of our charter, that was in the first year
of our late Queen, viz. 12l., and that the same may be confirmed
under the great seal, with the charter of King Henry VI added,
as it is already ingrossed, perused and examined by Sir John
Tyndall himself, who thought it very fit that the said charter
should be put in.—From Colchester, 22 Oct. 1605.
Signed: Henry Osborne, Nicolas Clere, bailiffs; Ralphe
Worthaye, Tho. Haselwood, Thomas Heckford, John Bird,
Richard Symnell, Robt. Wade, Marten Sessell. 1 p. (112.
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Same.
1605, Oct. 23.
I am bold to cover this with a direction for
his Majesty's service, for that herewith I send the certificate
of the view of the men, horse and furniture of the trained-bands
in Derbyshire. We hope (my wife and myself) to see you about
the end of this month.—At Worksop, 23 Oct. 1605.
PS.—I trust your lordship has spoken a good word to my
Lord Chamberlain for a lodging for me at Whitehall.
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 129.)
The Earl of Southampton to the Same.
, Oct. 23.
One Capt. Gifford, who is a servant and
has been employed by the Duke of Florence, as I am informed,
has been in England proclaimed a pirate. There is of late come
into Dartmouth a ship laden with goods belonging to this man.
Let me know whether he has his pardon or not, or if you think
fit it should be winked at, for otherwise the ordinary course in
such cases is to be taken and a seizure made of the goods. I
intend next week to see you at London.—Tichfield, 23 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 130.)
Postal endorsements: "Rec. at Estmene ye xxiij Octtob. at
ix of the clok at night. Rec. att Allton 23 Octobr. at xj of the
clocke at night. Receved at Harfort Brige at fif being Thoursday
in the morning. Rec. att xj of the cloke Staines."
Sir Robert Cross to the Same.
, Oct. 24.
I sent your lordship a poor present of
"melecatons," doubting of their goodness, it was so long ere
they were ripe, but that must not make me forgetful to signify
the love I have and ever will have to you.—From Marten Abbey,
PS.—I would entreat you if you have any spare places to
bestow, to make me a member of the Parliament. I have no
other friend to depend of, neither do I seek for any.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 131.)
Sir Edward Caryll to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 24.
I have received knowledge from my servant
of your desire for the having of some few red deer of me out
of a ground which I have in Cambridgeshire called Thorney,
which I most willingly grant. For the number I refer to your
own pleasure. The ground is very wide and wild, therefore
I much fear how you will come by them. My servant that has
the keeping of the ground will be at London about the last of
this Oct. at which time he shall attend you, and then if you
will send down some servant of yours, he shall have the best
entertainment that I can give him.—Hartyng, 24 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 132.)
Sir Henry Townsend to the Same.
, Oct. 24.
It has pleased the King to send down
his commission under the great seal to levy his "mises" due
in the county of Chester, a course against the prerogative, for
now knowing the King's pleasure those commissions are to
be granted under the broad seal out of the Exchequer in the
county palatine of Chester, according to the usual precedents;
by which appears that his Majesty is in consideration thereof
to grant a pardon and confirmation of the liberties. My Lord
of Derby promised me to write to you herein, and Mr. Thomas
Irland to solicit for a recall of the said commission. Of late
I have been in Cheshire, where I determined fourscore causes
at hearing, besides the rules at the bar, where I find great
encroachments offered to that jurisdiction by the courts in
Westminster Hall; and now, which was never seen or heard
of in Cheshire, prohibitions come down to the Chamberlain of
Chester out of the Common Pleas, but concerning those matters
I have given Mr. Glacier instructions to inform you therein.
If his Majesty would give leave to have a conference between
the King's Bench and some of this Council, and reason might be
yielded to upon both sides, these matters would be reconciled.—
From Ludlow Castle, 24 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (112. 133.)
Ro[bert] Wintour to —.
1605, Oct. 24.
Good cousin, I must entreat you to look
into my book and accordingly draw a deed from my father [-inlaw] Tabott [Talbot], whereby I shall be licensed to sell 12 of
the 24 therein comprised, and to set the other 12 from
Christmas next for 21 years, reserving 40l. yearly and 40 strikes
of real salt. I must take no denial but that this deed must
be ready to be sealed on Saturday next, on which day I will
come over unto you betimes. If you doubt of anything let me
know it by this bearer.—24 Oct. 1605.
PS.—To: will be here upon the 10th Nov. and then will bring
answer of your lease.
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 134.)
John Murray to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 25.
I have received your letter together with
the grapes and peaches, which I delivered to his Majesty. He
was well pleased and bade me give you hearty thanks for the
same.—At Royston, 25 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. 3 seals. ½ p. (112. 135.)
Lord Say and Sele to the Same.
1605, Oct. 25.
This afternoon I am to attend you and the
commissioners for renewing of a lease of some 20 acres of
ground or thereabouts, lying under Banbury Castle, the repair
whereof has cost me (since the recusants were first delivered
thither) above 200l.; as also the charge in maintaining a bailly
to preserve his Majesty's royalties, the which he has commanded
me between that and Woodstock to have especial care to
preserve, yearly costs me 20 marks above any profit I receive.
May it please you in respect I have nothing but a bare decayed
house of the castle, except only these few acres under it, being
already in respect it is so near the tower at a very great rent,
to afford me such favour in the fine, especially in provision, the
old lease being yet 19 years to come, as may make me the more
able to do his Majesty's service when he vouchsafes to come
to my poor house, as also to attend his Majesty when he shall
come into that country; which is likely and I hope will be to
Woodstock every year.—25 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (112. 136.)
The Earl of Salisbury to [Sir Edward Coke],
[1605, Oct. 25].
Now we must recommend unto you the
dispatch of a patent agreed on by all parties with a general
applause for setting the trade of the Levant at liberty, which
was before the King's coming contracted into a few men's hands;
who fearing their monopoly would be overthrown, with the
rest gave over their patent and thereby put the King in danger
to lose a rent, which they had answered the Queen two whole
years together of 4000l. a year for that patent. By which
course the trade being left out of all order either for maintenance
of the Ambassador or sending the presents to the Grand Signior,
it was wholly like to perish, and with it much of the great
shipping of the realm, besides the rent of 4000l. to the crown.
All is now in a course to be rectified for they have now assented
to freedom for all the subjects of England and to pay the
imposition at which they had hitherto spurned: and in respect
of the great debt wherein the Company is cast, since the trade
had no government, they have all subscribed upon a general
assembly of merchants, that now at first coming, and never
after any more, 25l. shall be paid, which shall be converted to
discharge the trade of the debts already past: by the benefit
whereof as it grows due upon an even consulage (for all the
goods that shall go outward and homeward) all future charges
for support of that trade shall be borne. It is now above a
year since I farmed this imposition at 5000l. a year, which when
I obtained it should have been given to Sir Robert Melvyn
only for a debt of 4000l. This course was first thought upon
by my Lord Chief Justice and yourself, but then because the
first sum was 50l. and should not have served for freedom to
themselves and their posterity, they staggered at it, shooting
still to overthrow the imposition, where contrariwise every man
is now so greedy to come in, as we believe you will be troubled
while you are drawing the patent with daily taking in those
that will importune you. Whereupon, the trade being like to
be kept up, by which the impositions only are maintained, that
rent of 5000l. is gained to the crown. Of all which generally
now that we have informed you, we send unto you this bearer
whom we pray you to hear but half an hour, because he can
tell you some particular circumstances, to which when you add
that which seems fit to your judgment we assure ourselves both
speedily and soundly, our only desire is that the book may be
dispatched before the Parliament. These premises considered
we know will be sufficient motives for you to take care of this
business; and yet because it is a matter wherein I and the
Lord Chamberlain have particular interest, I do besides my
public duty desire you to take some more care of it in my respect.
Draft corrected by Salisbury. Endorsed: "25 Oct. 1605."
1½ pp. (112. 138.)
Richard Croft to Mr. Richardes, once Chaplain to
Sir Richard Lea.
, Oct. 25.
Thanks him for his favours, expressed at
the request of Captain Smith. Smith is with Sir Richard Lea,
who is very ill affected in the state of his body. Begs him to
favour the bearer Captain Dersie.—Oct. 25.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (113. 157.)
The Earl of Devonshire to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Oct. 25.
Out of the experience you have of so many
languages I hope you will understand this. If you think
good, I conceive it were not unfit that Lisagh stayed with the
men at Dunstable, and that Darcy were presently sent for.
If he or the Spanish Ambassador will undertake to convey these
men, they may; if not, order may be given for their transportation back. It were good Preston were sent for and
commanded to give order that none of his men land in any
part of England. I am now in London and will wait on you
if there be occasion.—25 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (113. 164.)
Lewis Pykeringe to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Oct. 25.
Salisbury's latest public favour to him has
ended all his apprehended fears. He prays for access to his
Majesty, and protests his devotion to Salisbury.—25 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (191. 62.)
The Bailiffs of Maldon to the Earls of Northampton
1605, Oct. 26.
We received your letters, and in performance
of the same one of us with our town clerk will be ready at
London on Thursday at night next to attend my Lord of
Walden at his lodging on Friday, for the taking of the oath
and other rights required to be on his part done by our grant;
which done we will proceed to a full election of his lordship.—
26 Oct. 1605.
Signed: Willm. Burly, John Soan, bailiffs. ½ p. (112.
The Dean and Chapter of Wells to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 26.
We have received your letters in particular
recommendation of Dr. Wright, to be elected a residentiary
of our church, upon the death of Dr. Cottington. We crave
pardon for forbearing to make present election of any person
at this time, partly for that Dr. Cottington, though dead, is to
have this next year's whole benefit of our church, as if he were
alive; and partly in respect of our statute and foundation,
which require neither greater nor so great a number as now
we have. Therefore, no place being void, and the charges of
our church having been very great of late, which we are not
so well able as heretofore to sustain, we are in the better hope
that out of your accustomed favour you will take in good part
our most necessary forbearance of election at this time.—From
our Chapter House in Wells, 26 Oct. 1605.
Signed: Benjamin Heydon; Fr. Landauey; Philipp Bisse;
Willm. Powell; James Bisse; Jo. Bowrne. Seal. 1 p. (112.
George Southaick to the Same.
1605, Oct. 27.
According to your pleasure I entreated
Mr. Levinus to p[ray] your opinion touching the speedy apprehension of Whi[te] and the other priests; but upon better
consideration of the we[ight] of the business, I think that more
scope of time would make the service of much more worth.
For they are now determined to ride from shire to shire to
insinuate with such gentlemen as are to be acquainted with
their plot, by means whereof you shall have knowledge of all
such as are interested in the same, and of the end of their whole
purpose, and withal be certain of their meeting here in London,
where I [have] no doubt but to apprehend 40 priests with many
ge[ntlemen] of name at mass in good speed of their ill intent.
I received by your direction 10l. from Mr. Levinus, whereof
there was presently disbursed for the charge of my imprisonment
2l. 15s., and for my ch[arge] to the party that brought me from
Dover and for ho[rse] hire 2l. 18s., so that of your bounty there
remains only to me 4l. 15s., which is far from enabling me to
prosecute the service. I lie at continual charges for horse hire.
To-morrow we begin our journey, and if you would command
some old horse to be lent me, I should use him with respect and
safely deliver him.—From London, 27 Oct. 1605.
Holograph. 3 seals. 1 p. (112. 141.)
The Earl of Bath to the Council.
1605, Oct. 28.
Excusing a delay in holding a view of
the trained bands in the county, and giving reasons for the
defects in the service.—From Taustocke, 28 Oct. 1605.
Signed. 2 pp. (112. 142.)
John Murray to the [Earl of Salisbury].
1605, Oct. 28.
I received your packet this morning
betwixt 7 and 8 o'clock, when his Majesty was at breakfast,
and immediately after I delivered it, so soon as his Majesty
had read the letter he directed Mr. Lindsay to my Lord's
Grace of Canterbury with the answer. I asked of his Majesty
if he had any further directions to your Honour. He answered
nothing but his hearty commendation to yourself and the rest
of your society. Your grapes have served his Majesty well,
for they were the best he gat this year.—At Royston, 28 Oct.
PS.—His Majesty was up this morning at 5 o'clock that he
may get his fill of hunting, because he rides to-morrow.
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 143.)
The Same to the Same.
1605, Oct. 28.
His Majesty has commanded to direct
this letter to you with all speed. If it come not in time you
may cause take best order with the posts. As for occurrences
there is ne'er here but of hunting and hawking, whereof his
Majesty has gotten good sport this day.—At Royston, 28 Oct.
PS.—Your Honour will cause deliver this letter to the Earl
Holograph. ½ p. (112. 144.)
Sir Henry Neville and Sir Francis Knollys
to the Council.
1605, Oct. 30.
Giving an account of the defects in the
trained bands of the county of Berkshire, and promising a
speedy amendment thereof.—Reading, 30 Oct. 1605.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (112. 145.)
[Lord Saye and Sele] to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, Oct. 30.
I desire least to make complaint, if
reasonable offers might suffice, yet since once before my last
attendance I entreated Mr. Auditor Neale's man, whose name
is Page and not Pigeon, that whereas he had given me a
particular of certain lands in the Isle of Grein, late the Lord
Cobham's lands in Kent, for the writing of which I had already
fully paid him, and yet if it had been my good hap to have
procured a lease must have given him 24l. more in respect he
helped me to the knowledge thereof; nevertheless, being inhibited
by your means from proceeding therein, I desired him to deliver
my bond, which when he answered he would not do without
the money I offered him 20s., but under 12l. he would not
deliver it, saying I might have passed it as well as Sir John
Luson, who since had sold it for 150l., which Sir John confesses
but to the use of payment of my Lord Cobham's debts. This
in no sort notwithstanding wishing your displeasure towards
him, so that without further charge he will deliver me my
bond.—30 Oct. 1605.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "L. Saye to my Lord." 1 p. (112.
B[ridget], Lady Norreys, to the Same.
, Oct. 30.
Nothing in this world should be more
welcome unto me than this good news of my husband's recovery,
which you write of, for I have been much grieved to hear of his
sickness. I have sent one a purpose 10 days ago to him, and
have written another letter, if please your lordship to send it.
I do not know whether my Lord's absence from Parliament
without licence from his Majesty may be finable, though the
occasion be his sickness. If you think it fit acquaint his Majesty
therewith, and entreat whom you will for his proxy.—From
Rycote, 30 Oct.
Holograph, signed: B. Norris. Seal. Endorsed: "1605."
1 p. (112. 147.)
Dr. Richard Neile to the Same.
1605, Oct. 30.
Your letters signifying his Majesty's
pleasure for Anne Gunter's attending him this night at Ware
came to Mr. Harsnet's hands about one o'clock this Wednesday;
at what time we were in the midst of our examinations and no
way fit for his Majesty. Besides we had there neither coach
nor any other provision fit for her conveying thither.
I have therefore sent my man to Ware with letters that
his Majesty may be the better satisfied for her not coming,
desiring him to let her attend him at Whitehall or some other
convenient place hereafter. Whatsoever she has formerly
confessed voluntarily, she has now confessed upon her oath.
I sent your letters enclosed, that his Majesty may see there was
no slackness in you to fulfil his pleasure herein. My fellowchaplain commends himself very kindly to you.—Shenfeild,
Wednesday, Oct. 30, hora 2da pomeridiana, 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 148.)
Captain Matthew Bredgate to the
Earl of Salisbury.
[1605, ? Oct.]
Thanks Salisbury for his kind words to
his wife. Begs for enlargement out of this chargeable place,
where he has been 7 weeks, especially for that on Saturday
there will come upon him an execution of 200l. He promises
not to go down to his house at Dover without the King's leave.
Speaks of his 25 years' service to the State.—The Fleet.—
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605," and the following:
"Captains at sea: Bredgat, May, Cross, Gyfford, Wayman,
Troughton, Sommer, Kemish, Pepnell, Plessington, Preston,
Leigh, Perker, Tomkins, Norton, Fenner, Button." 1 p.
The Same to the Same.
[1605, ? Oct.]
Prays that he may not be kept close
prisoner, which will cost him his life. If the Council take pity
on him he hopes to recover the King's and their favour again.
To-morrow he will possess Salisbury with that which shall move
him to give him liberty, and to put off his Majesty's displeasure.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (113. 133.)
The Same to the Same.
[1605, ? Oct.]
I entreat you to peruse this, by which I
possess you with the manner of Lord Arundel's passage over
in the Adventure, his Majesty's ship which I had charge of;
but now by the Lord Admiral is put into another's charge, and
myself sent for under guard as though I were a traitor. I am
a true subject, and so will live and die. The day before the
late Spanish Ambassador embarked, there came to me one
Mr. Thetcher, a kinsman of the Lord Treasurer's, who dealt
with me for his own passage and Sir Edward Parham's, and
5 or 6 other gentlemen. I told him I could not give them
passage without the Council's warrant. He afterwards told
me they had promise to go all over in the Admiral, as they did.
He said to me "I understand you are shortly to go over to
Flushing: do a kindness for me: give passage over with you
to a follower and kinsman of Viscount Lisle's, the Governor of
Flushing: and suffer him to land when you come to Gravlen
[Gravelines] and to come aboard with you again: he will go
disguised and keep himself from being known unto them of
Gravelen, or any of the Ambassador's followers." Whereupon
I granted him passage, and bid him go aboard, but he desired
not to go aboard before I went myself, or that I would send him
by some token unto the gunner, that he might be there secret
in the gunner room, for fear of being discovered unto any of
the Spaniards. So at his going aboard he went in at the port
of the gunner room, and kept himself private until his going
ashore at Gravelen. At the gate there he met with Mr. La
Mence a merchant of Antwerp, who knowing him told me
first of him; and I fearing what has now come to pass, desired
to have satisfaction of his lordship, whereupon he wrote to you,
to Lord Northampton and Lord Southampton, to assure you
of my innocency in his passage. I desire you to stand good to
me, and that I may not receive the King's displeasure.—
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 2 pp. (113. 134.)
The King to the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.
Of the shameful abuse of Enfield Chace,
through the neglect of the officers, whereby not only "one of
our most pleasant grounds, hard under our ordinary residence"
is like to be utterly spoiled and deforced; but also those poor
persons who might have relief by keeping cattle and sheep,
are, by new tenants and encroachers of the Chace, eaten out
and brought to misery. The Master of the Game pretends he
has no power to reform; but this answer is not admitted;
and if between one officer and another the matter falls to the
ground, the King will make it appear where the fault lies, and
show himself sensible of these gross negligencies. If the
Chancellor be absent through infirmity, the King expects from
his Attorney not only more care, but better execution, and
will judge hereafter the effects, and not the promises, of the
Draft, in hand of Salisbury's secretary. Endorsed: "Minute
to the Chancellor of the Duchy, about Enfield Chace. Oct.
1605." 2½ pp. (191. 63.)
Archbishoprics of St. Andrews and Glasgow.
[1605, ? Oct.]
(1) The Duke of Lenox by his Majesty's command has
resigned in favour of the present titlers.
The 2 Archbishops of St. Andrews and Glasgow, together with
the temporalities and spiritualities thereof.
The entries [side note, "fines"] of 17 baronies of lands.
The patronages of 8 great churches, annexed to the said
The fees and rights hereditable.
The wards and marriages of a great number of the said tenants,
and other casualties.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1605. Notes of S. Andrewes and Glasgow."
½ p. (115. 26.)
(2) Rental of the Archbishopric of St. Andrews. 1605.
Signed by Lord Blantyre and another. 3 pp. (140. 185.)
(3) Rental of the Archbishopric of Glasgow. 1605. Signed
by Lord Blantyre and another. 2 pp. (140. 187.)
[Possibly enclosures in Lord Dunfermline's letter to Salisbury
of October 7. See Cal. S.P. Dom., 1603–1610, p. 235.]
The Earl of Nottingham, Lord Admiral, to the
Earl of Suffolk.
[1605, ? Oct.]
It was late before her Majesty returned
to Hampton Court. Then my Lord of Worcester and I
acquainted her with my cousin's having the smallpox. She
commanded me presently to go to the Prince, and that this
morning I should bring him to her. When I came to Richmond
I found the Prince in his bedchamber in his nightgown, out of
temper, and with much hoarseness in his throat, so as the
Doctor stands in doubt that it may turn to the smallpox; and
we all think it might breed danger to remove him, and that he
may be here very safe whatever should happen. This morning
I mean to acquaint the Queen herewith and know her pleasure,
and so return to Richmond, when I will acquaint you with it.
My cousin was very well yesternight, and there is not above 8
or 9 come out; and his schoolmaster and servants have carried
themselves very discreetly, with a special care of the Prince's
person, for they keep in, and all things are brought to them
that they lack. This morning I will see how his Highness doth,
and what temper he is in, and then go to Hampton Court. He
makes no account if [he] should have them, and says, better
now than when he should be elder. He has showed a wonderful
good nature in the care he has had of my cousin.—Friday.
PS.—My cousin has taken good rest this night. I do not
think the Prince will now have them, but that his hoarseness
is rather a rheum.
Holograph. Endorsed: "I pray you acquaint my Lord of
Salisbury with this letter." "1605." 1 p. (192. 4.)