The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Thomas Edmondes.
1605–6, Jan. 1.
Immediately upon receipt of your letter by
Chaffe the post, who arrived here 27 Dec. I imparted it to his
Majesty, who read every word with great attentiveness; my end
being therein both that his Majesty himself might see that in the
matter and form you had not receded from your commission, but
had in all things carried yourself (as much as the circumstances
would give you leave) conformable to his Majesty's own directions;
as also his Majesty being to deal with the Archduke's Ambassador
upon it he might therein be the better informed how all things had
passed in your conferences with the Archduke himself and with
the President Ricardott, and conceive the reason why you had
reserved yourself from enlarging your overtures. According to
all which courses his Majesty has very wisely governed himself in
his conference with the said Baron, still insisting upon the sending
over of Owen into England, as a matter whereon depended many
consequences very considerable to his Majesty both in honour and
reason of state, especially the party being his own subject, and
not only a counsellor of that devilish plot but an animator and
furtherer of it. And although it might happily be said by some
(as the Baron insinuated) that it is beyond example that any
prisoner should be sent over to be tried by the justice of another
country when there is not a more stricter alliance than is between
his Majesty and the Archdukes, which is only of general friendship
and intercourse between each other's subjects, yet it was not
forgotten in the reply that the late example of the delivery of the
prisoner from Calais might be a sufficient instance for the same;
albeit if diligent inquisition should be made in histories there
should not want examples enough to enforce that matter. And
admitting that there were no examples to be found of it, yet it
made no consequence to conclude that therefore it should not be
granted now, seeing Princes are not tied in their government to
examples of others but to reason itself, which is the life of all
things. Besides, the matter whereof Owen stands accused being
so far beyond example as the like never entered into man's conceit,
and therefore merits well enough to make a new precedent, thereby
to leave to posterity a sufficient testimony how much those
horrible attempts ought to be detested of all men. But for the
answer which it pleased the Archduke to return that Owen being
a servant to the King of Spain the Archdukes could not deliver
any resolution of him before they had acquainted the King of
Spain with it and received his directions in that behalf, his
Majesty was to satisfy himself for the present, albeit he found
many inconveniences in so long a delay, which the Baron
endeavoured to excuse, alleging that his Princes could not send
into Spain about it before his Majesty had absolutely declared
himself in his further desires, which was but done now of late;
and if by the first letter it had been demanded to have had him
sent over some such answer might have been by this time returned
from Spain as might have ended the matter. To which it was
answered by way of discourse that we could not doubt but that
the Archdukes out of their own foresight had framed this inference
to themselves, that when their first apprehension was required
the second demand would follow to have them sent over hither,
and so the Archdukes thereby might have prevented the loss of
time which is now to be expected. In all these debates concerning
Owen his Majesty and the Lords (which had the next day speech
about it with both the Ambassadors of Spain and the Archdukes)
have still retained themselves within the same limits which you
observed, without enlarging themselves so far now as that the
prisoner should remain at the Ambassador's house; or that after
his conviction he should be returned again thither to receive
punishment in the Archdukes' own dominions; but only still
protesting as you have done that he should not be drawn in
question or charged with any other matters but only with that of
the Plot of Gunpowder. So as you may therein still reserve
yourself in your future instances from any further enlargement
until their answer come out of Spain and you receive direction
from hence. Concerning Sir William Stanley, Father Baldwin,
and Baily his Majesty has not urged farther but that they may
remain thus forthcoming, and so would have you likewise to
continue your demands.
And for the visiting of the papers, his Majesty wills you to say
that, seeing so many difficulties are made of everything, he has
willed you in no sort to trouble yourself or them. Wherein I
think his Majesty has done like himself, for a man may be sure
that those papers are well visited, and when a man has such
liberty no practice to cover shall be left; and so the King told
the Baron, who replied, that if you had complained to the Archdukes he assured himself you should have had remedy. Thus
you have the principal grounds that have occurred in the handling
of this business, wherein his Majesty thought fit that the Spanish
Ambassador should be likewise acquainted, to the end he might
accordingly represent to the King his master in such sensible form
as the importance of the business requires.
The second part of our conference with the said Ambassadors
was upon divers grievances which our merchants endure in Spain
in their traffic, contrary to the prescript of the treaty; whereunto
when the Spanish Ambassador was to make answer he digressed
from the point and fell presently into a repetition of some injuries
done here in the Narrow Seas and upon the coasts of England;
but it was answered him very plainly his complaints were not
suitable to ours, because the redressing of our complaints merely
consisted in his Majesty's own power, and their complaints were
of that nature as his Majesty could not mediate for the redressing
of them to another State, who having been often solicited thereunto by his Majesty have still returned this answer, that they
were willing to make restitution so as their adverse party would
do the like; and to that purpose they have now authorised their
Minister to put in sufficient caution of honest merchants to restore
all such things as by the justice of our Admiralty shall be judged
to be restored, if the Archduke and King of Spain would do the
like, wherein as yet they are protracting. Of which offer of the
States you may take notice also as occasion shall be offered.
In sum the only fruit of this conference was in delivering each
other's complaints and promising to recommend the same to the
consideration of their Princes with all the zeal and integrity that
may be, for the better strengthening of their peace and amity
and furthering their mutual commerce between their subjects.
And for most of my Lords' desire here, I think the sending over
of that caitiff who can but die will be made such a work of
supererogation, as we shall be pressed hereafter to do unjust
things for this which is but just. If the Baron of Hoboque haply
advertises thither of some sharpness passed in our rencounter
between him and me at the conference, and that notice be taken
of it, you may excuse it that the occasion grew upon his allegation
in the case of Owen that his Majesty received and maintained his
masters' rebels within his kingdoms. Whereunto I made a
round answer that howsoever his Princes in their own respect did
esteem of the Low Countrymen, yet his Majesty held them for
no rebels but his confederates, and therefore that it was too absurd
an allegation to compare them with so vile and so detestable
traitors as Owen and the rest, whom they were so careful to
protect as rather out of a kind of stupidity they hazarded their
own reputation by exposing themselves to some sinister suspicion
which the world would make by their earnest contending in their
The Baron de Tour has been here to congratulate with his
Majesty from the French King for his happy deliverance from
these detestable treasons. He has been used with all the respects
due to the condition of the King his master, his Majesty's ancient
confederate, and to the quality of his own person; being one of
whom his Majesty heretofore had conceived a good opinion. He
has been presented with the value of above 3000 crowns, and is
now dismissed and upon his way homewards.—1 Jan., 1605.
Copy. 4½ pp. (227. p. 159.)
John Arundell to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 1.
The manifold favours received at your
father's hands, and not unknown to Sir Michael Hix and others,
sometimes his lordship's servants, move me to acknowledge my
most humble thanks. In token whereof I have sent you by my
servant William Maurice a few ounces of plate in one whole piece,
in "handsell" of good New Year.—At my lodging at Lambith,
1 Jan., 1605.
Signed: Jo. the son of Roger Arundell. Seal. ½ p. (109.
Sir Richard Walshe to the Same.
1605–6, Jan. 2.
According to the Council's warrant for the
seizing to his Majesty's use all the goods and chattels of Robert
Wynter of Huddington, co. Worcester, lately proclaimed traitor, he
has done his uttermost endeavour, but finds that divers of Winter's
goods have been embezzled by many who now conceal them,
neither will they acknowledge the having thereof, except the
Council direct him and others (whom he shall think fit to assist
him) a warrant to take their examinations upon oath and to
commit the faulty to the common gaol, and bind the better sort
to appear before the Council.—Shellesley, 2 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (190. 26.)
Viscount Byndon to the Privy Council.
1605–6, Jan. 3.
The second of this month I received your
letters for the apprehending of Henry Carey's eldest son. I sent
2 of my servants to Carey's house, 12 miles from me, secretly to
inquire of his being at home, which being made assured to them,
I gave authority for the gathering of such company to beset his
house on all sides as might prevent any escape by any secret
place. Thereupon entry was made in such manner as is declared
in one of the enclosed papers, perused by your lordships together
with the late proclamation I sent, touching both his former and
late undutiful, dangerous words and dealings. One other confession this day taken, in my judgment not fit to be concealed,
I have sent with the other papers also.
Not long since I received your letters, signifying his Majesty's
acceptance of my services, [which] showed more for encouragement unto well doing than for any desert of mine. I acknowledge
my thankfulness.—Byndon, 3 Jan., 1605.
PS.—There are obstinate recusants in Carey's house resident 18,
besides the ordinary resort of recusants and popish priests: vide,
Henry Carey the elder, of long time vehemently suspected to be
a sworn servant to the Pope: Henry Carey the younger: Walter
Illshey: his wife: William Parhame: his wife: Maude Parham:
William Grante: Henry Daw: Henry Wyseman: Geffyrey
Durnford: Peper Bysshop: Martyn Rekes: Elynor Bonner:
Jone Broker: Rebecca Clarke: Mary Tayler: Henry Carey's
wife. The names were sent me from the parson of Carey's parish
church, where he formerly showed his traitorous heart in taking
away the keys of the church door, with many undutiful words
tending to the stirring of others unto rebellion.
Holograph. 1 p. (190. 27.)
[? William Skipwith] to Sir John Greay.
1605–6, Jan. 3.
I hope you have acquainted my Lord of
Salisbury with the letter I wrote to you last, since which time I
have been credibly informed that Sir Henry Hastings, of Brannsonne, is very like to have his finger in the business. It is reported
that he sent for all his people, and shod all his horses, two days
before the villainy should have been effected; and because they
should not be seen in troops about his house, he appointed them
to go by two and two together, some into the pastures, and some
into the woods, and as soon as the news of the discovery came into
the country he dismissed his company. Presently after his
father went to London, whether sent for or of himself we know not,
but Sir Henry having been in displeasure with him long before
then went to him, and rode upon the way with him as far as
Foxsonne, and there the father and the son lighted under a
hedge, and after a long private discourse, they parted with very
passionate embracing and weeping, as though they should never
meet again. All this smoke cannot be without some fire, and this
I hear will be justified by one John Hackett, a rich freeholder,
who then dwelt at Brannsonne, now at Elmestorp, to whom
Sir Henry Hastings sent one of his father's men, and one of his
own, at the first assembling of their company, to borrow 100l. for
a month or three weeks (or rather than fail, for one week); and
when they could not get that sum, they would have had 50l. or
40l. or 20l., and in the end they were importunate for 10l. I pray
you make this known to my Lord of Salisbury, for it will not be
fit for you nor me to conceal these pregnant suspicions; but in
any case take care that my Lord of Worcester do not know from
whence this comes. Hurlestone and Roydon can make this plain
if they list.—3 Jan., 1605.
Holograph but the signature has been scribbled over (? William
Skipwith). 1 p. (214. 54.)
Sir Charles Calthorpe to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 4.
I wrote a former letter to your lordship about
Lent last concurring in effect with this present, which I send
rather by way of protection than for any occasion to trouble you.
It has been accustomed that Irish consultations the week after
Twelfth-tide are resolved upon for the year following. At which
time, if there be any speech to translate me to any other place
than that which I now hold, I beseech you that without my privity
and consent I may not be removed, and that I may be admitted to
speak for myself before any resolution be had for my translating.
There has been and is a plotting by Mr. Solicitor Davies's friends
to prefer him to my place, and that I should be removed to be
some second judge, with an augmentation of my fee, without any
assurance thereof or my consent thereunto. And yet I am so far
contented to hold a correspondency with him for his Majesty's
service as I admit that nothing shall pass without his hand and
mine together, so as he enjoys thereby the half of the perquisites
of my place, which now, by reason of the general peace here, begin
to be of some value, though in the late revolts they have not been
worth 20l. a year for a dozen years together. It is fully 22 years
since my coming into this realm, and so long have I continued as
attorney to her late Majesty. At my late being in England I
preferred a petition to his Majesty, which remains with Sir Roger
Wilbraham, for some portion of a fee farm, wherein I beseech your
favour as occasion shall serve.—Dublin, 4 Jan., 1605.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (109. 99.)
The Earl of Bath to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 5.
This Christmas time I received his Majesty's
letters, by one Mr. Francis Lowman his Majesty's servant, requiring me to admit him to the place of muster-master of this county
of Devon before any other, which it seems his Majesty was then
persuaded to be void. But the truth is that immediately after
the death of the former muster-master, in the beginning of Nov.
last, with the assent of my deputies, by virtue of my patents of
Lieutenancy, I granted the same to an old servant of mine, aptly
qualified for the execution thereof. Present to his Majesty my
letters of answer here enclosed, and satisfy him that I have done
nothing but what was meet and lawful.—Towstocke, 5 Jan., 1605.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (109. 100.)
Sir John Scott to the Same.
1605–6, Jan. 5.
Being importuned by a poor distressed widow,
who has unfortunately (by act of drowning) lost her husband, to
use my best means for the gaining of her son's wardship, I am
bold once again to be an humble petitioner to your lordship. The
person deceased was a mean yeoman, and his estate not above
100l. a year, out of which his wife is to have a third, besides the
maintenance of the heir and the rest of the children, who are five,
and those very young.—5 Jan., 1605.
PS.—The name of the deceased is John Burdett of Odymer in
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (109. 101.)
John Lytler, Mayor of Chester, to the Same.
1605–6, Jan. 5.
The enclosed packet I this day received from
the Earl of Derby, and am by his lordship entreated to dispatch
the same to you with all speed. I have accordingly sent the same
in post, and beseech you to signify the receipt thereof.—Chester,
7 Jan., 1605.
PS.—The former letter and box which you sent me was delivered
speedily according to your commandment.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (109. 102.)
Postal endorsements: "At the citie of Chester of Januarie the
vth at viijth of the clocke at night. At Namptwiche at xij the
same nighte. Stone at iiij in the morning. Litchfeild at viij
in the morninge. Coleshull at xj. Coventrye paste on after
nown the 6th of Januarie. Daventrie at v in the afternone the
same day. Tocester at 8 the same day. Brickhill at xj. Saint
Albons at 4 in ye morning. Barnet past 6 in the morning."
Anthony Chambers to William Stanley.
1605–6, Jan. 5/15.
I have forborne to write, hoping to have good
news to send you concerning your father's affairs in Spain, but
how longer I stay, how more difficulties I find for the satisfying
of your request. Money in Spain is so scant and so hard to
recover, that I know not what to say. Your father has owing
him of the King at least 6,000l. English. If he recovers any part
he will not forget you. In the meantime I trust you will have
patience. For all news in these parts the bearer can better
acquaint you with them than I need write. I thank your good
bedfellow for her kind token. I have sent her a remembrance
by the bearer. With commendations to your mother, yourself,
and your good bedfellow, with your sister and Mrs. Broughton.—
Brussels, 15 Jan., 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (115. 60.)
1605–6, Jan. 5/15.
Passport given by Thomas Arundel, Baron
de Warder, "commandeur de l'infanterie anglois en service de
leurs Altesses serenissimes," to William Standley, "gentilhomme
anglois," of his regiment, to go to England for his personal affairs.
—Brussels, 15 Jan., 1606.
Signed. 1 p. (206. 35.)
Sir Henry Butler to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 6.
Recommending to his service his son John,
who by the death of the Earl of Cumberland is at liberty to serve
either about his person, or at the table, or in other employments.—
Woodhall Lodge, 6 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (109. 104.)
Sir Thomas Roberts to the Same.
[1605–6], Jan. 6.
Having received your letters sent me by
Sir John Leveson, witnessing your desire for the replenishing of
Canterbury park with deer, wherein though the little store I have
answers not to content you in that large measure I desire, yet shall
not this so discourage me as that I should omit to make proffer of
such furtherance herein as my weak fortunes may conveniently
give, which will be to the number of some 20 or 30 deer. Whereof.
if you will be pleased to accept, upon further direction from you or
Sir John Leveson for the time of having them, I will take speedy
order for their delivery.—Glassenbury, 6 Jan., 1604 (sic).
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (103. 99.)
Paul de la Haye to Sir William Cooke.
1605–6, Jan. 6.
I sent a messenger of purpose by night to
Hynan (?) to advertise you of the death of Arnold, as may appear
by the letters enclosed; but the messenger had bad entertainment
there both by your maidservants and men, as offered to be put
in the stocks or to be beaten away with clubs, as my son Jo: in
the end of the next week shall acquaint you at large; and what
I think fit to be done in the matter of Arnold, and who fit to be
commissioners to make means (?) by degrees for the wardship of
Arnold's son Nicholas, who is about 7 years old.—Alterenes in
haste, 6 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (109. 103.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 6.
Reports a late private conference which the
Pope's Nuncio had with a confident friend of his concerning the
late practices in England. He acquainted his friend how much
the Archduke was troubled with his Majesty's demand for the
delivery of the persons of Owen and Baldwin. At first he was
jealous of the truth of the alleged matters but now held it to be a
practice of the devil's working to extirpate wholly the Catholic
religion out of England. Before these accidents fell out he would
be at no rest for the importunities of Baldwin and Owen who daily
represented to him the persecutions used in England against the
Catholics. When he told them that the means of the Pope himself
were not sufficiently powerful to help them and it was not to be
expected that the King of Spain would do anything to the offence
of his Majesty and therefore they should advise him to treat
effectually on their behalf, nothing would content them but the
extremist remedies de feu et de sang. He now received no small
ease to be freed of their former importunities. He [the Nuncio]
said that he found the Spaniards so much tendered the preserving
of their peace with his Majesty that they would be loth to give
him apparent cause of discontentment; that Edmondes had made
against the said persons une instance bien gaillarde and if the
pursuit were continued in the same manner with verification of
the proofs against them it would put their favourers here to a
great plunge. For his own part he would avoid to have anything
to do in the business, though it were sought to interest him in
respect of Baldwin's religious quality.
Since then the Nuncio sent White the priest to Edmondes to
express his master's and his own great detestation of the treason.
He desired to have a meeting which he offered should be at such
place as Edmondes should choose without disputing the point
of precedency with him. Edmondes prayed White to assure the
Nuncio there was no cause to labour further to satisfy the King
concerning both his master and himself but where he conceived
it likely the Nuncio intended to insist on the making of some
favourable motions. on behalf of the Catholies of England he
prayed him to let the Nuncio know that he durst not give ear to
any such overtures; he might assure himself, however, that
though his Majesty would be bound in case of his State and people,
to provide for the preventing of dangerous practices of the
Catholics, the same would not be stretched to any inhumane
proceedings against them.
The next day White returned saying he had charge to offer it
to Edmondes's consideration whether, if the Pope to gratify his
Majesty would yield to call all the Jesuits out of England, his
Majesty would be content to grant any enlargement of favour for
toleration of liberty of conscience to the Catholics. Edmondes
answered that the King reposed his chief confidence in the favour
of God and of his good cause and would employ those ordinary
means which God had given him for his defence as other princes
Of late divers of the books of his Majesty's late speech in the
Parliament have been brought over and translated by the Jesuits,
who are not ashamed to seek to serve their turn by filling men's
ears that it now appeared there was no matter to charge Baldwin,
seeing he was not so much as named in the book. They will also
have Sir Wm. Stanley cleared but it is acknowledged that Owen
is fully charged by Winter's confession but not so directly by
Faux from whom Winter derived his information. They accuse
Edmondes to be passionately affected towards the Hollanders and
pretend that the Jesuits having written into France to the brother
of their Society, le Pere Cotton, to seek to inform himself from his
Majesty's Ambassador there whether he understood that any of
the Jesuits' Order were accused for the late treason, the
Ambassador assured Father Cotton he had not heard that any
mention had been made of them; whereupon the conclusion
must follow that Edmondes had exasperated matters against them
and had had Baily imprisoned without commission. They give
it out that they will have their remedy against him per legem
talionis for the slander their Order receives by the wrongful
accusing of Baldwin. They have importuned the Archduke that
the latter might be permitted to walk at liberty and they would
undertake for his forthcoming, whereupon he has since taken the
liberty to go to Lorraine and now walks again up and down this
town and it is said is shortly to go to St. Omers.
Has lately had speech with Ricardott who denied that it was
promised otherwise to restrain Baldwin than only to answer for
his forthcoming. Salisbury will see to what straits Edmondes is
reduced, Ricardott being only used for the managing of the
business and being overawed by the violence of the Spanish
Council and the irresolution of the Archduke. Whatsoever the
impediments may be, there shall be no failing of any diligence on
his part. Has advertised Sir Charles Cornwallis in Spain how
matters have passed in his negotiations with these Princes so that
he may take opportunity to deal therein for the benefit of his
Majesty's service, seeing the resolutions which depend thereof
are to come from thence.
Many of the English gentlemen which served here are of late
departed remaining ill satisfied of their usage. Captain James
Blount has showed himself exceedingly passionate for the death of
Catesby on whom he depended for his maintenance. He of late
confessed to a friend that he knew nothing of the particulars of
the conspiracy but was acquainted how it was designed to have
the English regiment here into England for the service of the
Edmondes has also been informed that the person that passed
in last time from hence into England in the company of Guy Faux
is one Spiller that went under the name of Bellamy. It is said
that he is brother to Spiller the attorney of the Exchequer.—6 Jan.,
Copy. 7 pp. (227. p. 163.)
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers, Foreign, Flanders, S.]
Charles Della Faille to the Earls of Dorset, Suffolk,
Northampton and Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 7.
On behalf of Mathias de Renzi, merchant
stranger, who by the breaking of other merchant strangers is
forced to break also. He begs that de Renzi may have protection
for 3 years against merchant strangers only; within which time
he can gather in his debts. Protections in the same nature have
been granted to Balbanio and Paulus Lardus, Italians, and
others.—7 Jan., 1606.
Holograph. Endorsed: "7 Jan., 1605." ½ p. (115. 51.)
Sir Thomas Fane to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 8.
Having received the enclosed letter from your
lordship, I have endeavoured to make stay of the party therein
mentioned, if at any time he should offer himself at the sea-side
to be transported. As yet I have not heard anything of him,
unless it be that this day one Mr. William Nuse having your
lordships pass for France (the true copy whereof is here enclosed)
has discovered him; for he has in his company two persons whom
he calls his servants, whereof one is named Edward Wilson, but
whether he be the party intended to be stayed I am uncertain.
I have taken order with the owners of the passage boats at Dover,
that they shall not be transported until Friday next, pretending
some dispatch from myself to Calais to be ready against that
time.—From Dover, 8 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (109. 106.)
The Enclosure: Safe-conduct for Mr. William Nuse to transport himself into France.—From the Court at Whitehall, 1 Jan.,
Copy. ½ p. (109. 105.)
? An Enclosure in the foregoing letter.
Case of — Nuse.
In May 1605 he obtained promise of a company of foot under
the States, provided he levied it in Ireland out of the English
cashiered companies. But Captain Bois had got all the discharged
English, and the Irish would not serve against the King of
Spain; though if he would serve against the States, he had not
only choice of as many men as he desired, but the lords of the
countries would arm them and give them cess till their embarking.
To repair his broken state he took this offer, and chose 200 foot,
who were armed and cessed by the lords at the procurement of
the priests. He sailed with them to Riba de Celos in Asturias,
where he was imprisoned and his company dispersed. He was
examined at Valladolid, Jaques Solevan and all the English and
Irish traitors in Spain giving their opinions that he was a spy
from Lord Carew, or else to do some dangerous exploit; but by
his answers he won credit amongst them, and was held fit to do
service for the Catholics. Solevan wished him to seek revenge
upon the King and State of England for his many years' service
spent without recompense; and said he would frame a good
fortune for him, but he must resolution therein and get someone
to assist him; and for his hazard he should have 30,000l. or
40,000l. Solevan forebore to tell him what the service was, saying
it may fall out there will be no occasion to enter into it.
Incomplete. Endorsed: "Nuse. 1605." 2½ pp. (192. 5.)
Ra: Dobbinson to Levinus Monck.
1605–6, Jan. 8.
I have made a little bill and set down my
desire, hoping to have some allowance from his Majesty for the
keeping of Mr. Carleton and his man, who were with me 11 days.
His lordship told me I should be allowed for it, and I entreat your
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (109. 107.)
Arrest of Robert Winter and Steven Littleton.
1605–6, Jan. 9.
Upon Thursday 9 Jan., 1605, about 9 o'clock
John Finwood, servant and cook to Mr. Lyttleton of Hagley, co.
Worcester, came to Thomas Haselwood, one of Mr. Lyttleton's
chief servants, and told him that Robert Winter and Steven
Lyttleton were within Mr. Lyttleton's house, and that they were
got into the house in the night time after the servants were in bed.
Whereupon instantly Haselwood went to the stable and made
ready his gelding, and rode post into the village adjoining to raise
a few to apprehend them. Meanwhile the constable of Hagley
repaired to Mr. Lyttleton's house, upon which the servants and
tenants to the number of 10 or 12 assembled, and one Humphrey
Lyttleton, commonly called "Red Humphrey" asked them what
they did there, who answered that they were come to apprehend
Winter and Lyttleton. Thereupon he said that they were not
there, and bade them begone, or he would fetch such that should
set them packing. Thereupon the traitors got forth of the house
at a back door, which being known to one David Bate, a servant
in the house, he called to the constable, and he and the servants
beset the house and apprehended Winter and Lyttleton in the
court adjoining. And they were brought to a house in Hagley
where they were in the safe custody of the constable. Upon the
apprehension of the traitors Humphrey Lyttleton got his gelding
and rode away, and being pursued by some of the servants fled to
Prestwood in Staffordshire, where he is apprehended. After the
said traitors had rested and refreshed themselves in the ale-house,
divers of the merchants of some towns of Staffordshire there
assembled would have had the custody of them and have carried
them back from Hagley and fromwards Worcester to Sturbridge
towards Staffordshire, by reason whereof a great tumult arose
amongst them for the conducting of the traitors, and some
persons began to lay hold of the prisoners and to pull them, some
one way and some another, inasmuch as there was likelihood of a
great affray amongst them. Whereupon by the means of William
Childe, esq., his Majesty's feodary of Worcestershire, the prisoners
were drawn into the alehouse again, and Mr. Childe and one Mr.
Pratt causing a proclamation to be made for the peace, the said
tumult was appeased. Whereupon the prisoners were conducted
by the constable of Hagley and the merchants of the adjoining
villages in the direct way towards Worcester. And after they were
past 3 or 4 miles, one Sir Thomas Whorwood, knt., of Staffordshire, overtook them with a good company of men well appointed,
and said he would have the prisoners from them and carry them
into Staffordshire, and gave out that he would raise 1000 men but
he would have them; and laid hold upon the bridle upon one of
the horses whereon one of the prisoners rode. But the Worcestershire men would not yield their prisoners, encouraged by Mr.
Child, and safely brought them to Worcester, where they delivered
them to the under-sheriff.
The names of those that made arrest upon the traitors:—Henry
Toye, constable of Hagley: John Perckes, Thoms. Davids,
servants to Mr. Lyttleton: Willm. Toye, Henr. Olyver, Nicholas
More, Richard Perckes, Thoms. Burford, John Peopall, William
Jebbar, merchants of Hagley.
Unsigned. 3 pp. (109. 108.)
1605–6, Jan. 9.
"An abstract of the special points proved"
against John Ingleby.
By Thomas Atkinson, Robert Skaife and Miles Stubbes.
That about Michaelmas twelvemonth, by practice of Robert
Skaiffe, most of the armour in 4 constabularies was brought to
John Ingilbye's, and by him kept till Michaelmas last or longer,
being never before used to keep any such thing. So much of it
as was new was fetched from Knaresborough Castle. There was
that would have furnished 30 men.
By Thomas Atkinson.
Deposes that a little before Michaelmas last he saw together at
John Ingilbie's, the said John, Richard Yorke, Thomas Yorke, and
as he thinks both the Winters, for he had been formerly with Sir
William Ingilbie in Worcestershire and knew them, and he saw
his brother take one of them by the hand at Clint. Miles
Reynoldes was also with them. It was said they had been at
Sir John Yorke's at Netherdale. From Ingilbie's they went to
Ripley, and the next day to Ripon, and dined at Thomas Daye's
Also that 3 weeks ago Mathew Lewtye told him in secret that
Wheelhouse, John Ingilbie's man, had confessed that all the
recusants of any account in England were contributories to the
gunpowder, and about a week ago did justify the same again:
and that Lewty and Wheelhouse be very inward together, and
confer in the night, and heard Wheelhouse persuade Lewty very
earnestly not to deal against Mr. Ingilbie.
By Mathew Lewty.
Wheelhouse told him he would not have him deal against Mr.
John Ingilbie, for Sir William and he were like to become great
men within this half year. Lewty asked how that should be.
Wheelhouse answered, Didst not thou mind that great assembly
of Catholics that were the other day at the lodge in Ripley Park?
There is great sessment amongst Catholics in hand, for maintaining
poor Catholic prisoners, and for some other use, by which means,
if all things proved well, Sir William Ingilbie is like to be a great
man in these parts. And he saw at the assembly Thomas Yorke,
John Ingilbie, my Lady Anne, and 30 or 40 more, and a great
banquet, and within 3 days he saw Robert Winter at Ripley Hall
gate, who, as Wheelhouse told him, had been with Sir John Yorke,
and John Ingilbie went to meet him at Thomas Dayes, and was
to go meet him also at Sir Edward Plumton's. Also that Peter
Gudgen fetched in John Ingilbie when old Gudgen lay a dying, and
Wheelhouse the tailor came in with him, and a stranger, and they
3 prayed with Gudgen till he died.
By Thomas Atkinson.
Deposes that Leonard Smyth, John Ingilbie's chief man,
persuaded old Gudgen in his sickness that his religion was not
good, and that they be all damned body and soul to the devil
that go to church. Also that Smyth had used the like persuasions
to him (Atkinson), and assured him that the Romish religion was
the true religion. When old Gudgen "drew awayward," John
Ingilbie used speeches and reading on his knees till he died, and
caused many crosses of wax candles to be made and sewed
within the winding sheet. Also that when his father lay a dying,
John Ingilbie came to him with hallowed candles, and water,
and books, and laboured curiously to reconcile him to the Romish
religion, for which his father gave him 10s. and great thanks, and
so died. Also that about Michaelmas last James Ingilbie wished
him earnestly to get Sir William's favour, and said if he went not
to hear a mass, within a little while he would be burnt. About
two days after the Winters were to go out of the country, and
James said he was to go with them.
By Robert Thruscrosse, constable.
Deposes that a year and a half ago he, with John Ingilbie,
received certain armour from Knaresborough Castle. John had
home to his house but one corslet, two muskets, two headpieces
and a sword. When certificate was to be made to the King of
the number of recusants, he acquainted John Ingilbie therewith,
who bid him be sure to set down all. Also deposes to Smith's
By Christopher Joye.
Deposes that he saw no armour carried to John Ingilbie's saving
a musket and a pike.
By Edward Barbor and Leonard Robinson.
Depose to Leonard Smyth's Romish speeches.
By Thomas Burges.
When the late treasons were newly discovered, William Favell
of Larkebeckeyate told him there were some afraid and quaked
that were not yet discovered, for there was a message sent late in
the night from Samwell Thackwrey to Francis Ardington, whereupon the latter and his wife suddenly arose and rode away from
By Thomas Umplebie.
Gives details of the armour received from and returned to John
By William Markingfield, servant to John Ingilbie.
He heard his mistress say the Winters in hay time last once
called at his master's and drank there, but did not light.
By Jane Smythe, servant to John Ingilbie.
Deposes as to the armour, and Robert Winter's calling on her
master, who did not see him then, but after met him at Thomas
Daye's at Ripon or at Ripley, and James Ingilbie stayed for
Robert Winter to ride with him to the Bath.
By Leonard Smith, servant to John Ingilbie.
In the latter end of summer Robert Winter was in the country
to buy horses, and he was once at his master's and stayed an hour.
About a week after Michaelmas there was a meeting of friends at
the upper lodge, and there were my Lady Anne, his master and
mistress, Thomas Yorke and his wife, and William Cundall and
John Atkinson, servants to the Lady Anne, and he and Alexander
Vavasor and divers other Catholics, in number about 30, but
neither of the Winters that he knew of. They met to make merry,
and had no speeches that were hurtful to his knowledge, but of
matter concerning their conscience. They had some other such
meetings there in summer.
By William Wheelhouse, of Windesley Garthe.
About a week before Michaelmas last there was a great assembly
of Catholics at Plumton Hall, and one Williamson, a roper of
Spofforth, saw them go. William Wheelhouse the tailor works
to all the great recusants, and can make vestments. He was
brought up with Samuel Thackwrey and Robert Suttill, great
recusants. John Saunders, my Lady Anne's man, is a contriver
of caves, and Edward Ledger a carrier of messages, and these 4
are very dangerous and do much hurt.
By William Wheelhouse, tailor.
He knows neither of the Winters, but heard one of them was at
John Ingilbie's but stayed not. He heard there was some meeting
at the lodge of friends, but heard not of any meeting at Plumton.
He was at Gudgeon's death, with his master, and Alexander
Vavasor of Spaldington: they did only kneel down and prayed by
him, as the country fashion is, and knows not whether he died a
papist or a protestant. Confesses he advised Lewty not to
meddle against his master, for he could do no good in it.—9 Jan.,
Endorsed: "An abstract against Mr. John Ingleby." 3 pp.
Sir Edward Coke, Attorney General, to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 10.
This day have we obtained the commission
under the Great Seal, ingrossed the indictment against Sir Everard
Digby, and set down a form of such precepts as shall be requisite,
lest upon a sudden the Commissioners should be to seek. It were
good to accompany the commission with letters to the Commissioners for expedition, and that Justice Yelverton bring up that
commission with him. Mr. Corbet had made to be gone to-morrow
morning. I have sent the commission herewith that the letters
may be directed aright to the Commissioners. I have the
examinations ready for this purpose against Mr. Corbet come to
me. If you knew what pains have been taken, you would pity
the old attorney.—10 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (109. 111.)
William Massam to the Same.
1605–6, Jan. 11.
By my petition to your lordship I showed
that there are at St. Lucar arrested 451 pieces of calicoes, being
parcel of the carrack goods which I bought of his Majesty's
Commissioners, and paid for them. I have received letters from
St. Lucar of Dec. 17 importing that they have sentenced those
calicoes to be confiscate, whereupon my factor has appealed to
the King of Spain; but withal he advertises there is no hope that
they will ever be restored, for he has already there produced
3 witnesses that the goods were bought of his Majesty, which have
nothing prevailed. I shipped a small parcel first for which they
received the custom and made no question of them, and I shipped
another parcel 2 months past, afore I heard that these were
arrested, which I fear are likewise come in trouble. Send to the
Spanish Ambassador that I may have his letter to the Duke of
Medina for the release of those 451 pieces, and for the free disposing
of all other calicoes which I have sent or shall send, with due
certificate that they are the very same goods bought of the King;
and if they have sold or disposed of my calicoes, that I may have
restitution in money for them after the rate that my servant sold
others of the same kind.—11 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (109. 112.)
Hugh Hamersley to the Earls of Suffolk
1605–6, Jan. 11.
It pleased your lordships to appoint me
unto the managing of the farm of the impost of currants
("corinthes"), and therein by the space of 16 months I have
employed myself. My employment being in the servile part
thereof by reason of my experience in duly examining and rightly
perfecting the bills of entries and attending the weighing of the
currants, without which you would have been greatly wronged
by unjust entries and counterfeit invoices, which could not be
performed without hindrance to my private affairs by which I live,
and has drawn upon me a general envy, especially of those that
use the trade of currants, for that by my knowledge of that
business they are prevented of their practices in doing wrong to
the benefit of your Honours' farm; challenging me as a false
brother and terming me Judas Apostata. for discovering of the
mysteries of this trade, wherein merchants were wont to help
themselves. And that my desire to do your service appear not
altogether to consist in painstaking, I have withdrawn my own
affairs from other employment and designed them solely to bring
in currants, and daily expect for myself and partner a ship laden
therewith, which will bring into your farm well near 1000l. being
laden from the islands of Zante and Zefalonia, contrary to the
decree of the state of Venice, not without danger both to ship and
goods. Forasmuch as by your providence the trade of the Levant
is confirmed unto a company able and sufficient to manage the
same, and thereby the main objection of the Levant merchants
against the impost of currants in affirming that both trade and
impost cannot stand together, is removed: there is no doubt
but you shall be solicited to set the same to farm, whereunto if
you assent, I entreat that I may be partaker in the said farm for
a reasonable part thereof; for having been neglected in the farm
of his Majesty's customs by reason of my employment in the
currants, if I should not be remembered in partaking in the farm
of currants, it would redound to my great disgrace. But if you
retain the farm in your own power, and are not better provided
of one more sufficient than myself to direct the same, I tender my
service.—London, 11 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. 2 pp. (109. 113.)
William Whorwood, Sheriff of Worcestershire,
to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 11.
Upon my coming down into the country from
your Honour, both Lyttleton and [Robert] Winter had forsaken
their former and usual abodes upon the apprehension of Smart and
Hollihedd, who had formerly entertained them, and in regard of
divers private searches, intelligence thereof as it seems unto them
being given. So that they were forced to leave our country and
flee into Worcestershire, being their last refuge, where they were
entertained by one Humphrey Lyttleton at Hagley, being one
Mrs. Lyttleton's house; this Humphrey being an alliance to
Stephen Lyttleton, a man very much suspected to be very forward
in these traitorous actions. At whose house Lyttleton and
Winter were apprehended, whereupon Humphrey Lyttleton with
one Charnocke conveyed themselves away, which Charnocke as
yet is very much suspected to be an agent in the same action.
But by means of myself, Sir Tho. Whorwood and our followers
they were taken and committed to Stafford gaol, where they
remain until I know your pleasure. Further, I am to entreat
you, that whereas there is a suit depending in her Majesty's
court very much concerning myself, and especially a great number
of poor men depending upon my answer to the said court, which
I shall not have time to answer so fittingly as the equity of our
cause shall require, that you would give order unto her Majesty's
Chancellor that the matter be stayed until the term next following.—From my house at Sandewell this 11 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (109. 114.)
The Justices of Worcestershire to the Privy Council.
1605–6, Jan. 13.
Upon the apprehension of Robert Winter
and Stephen Lyttleton, we having intelligence that they were
harboured by the persons whose examinations we send you,
caused the said persons to be apprehended, and have committed
them to Worcester gaol, there to remain until your pleasure shall
be further understood.—Worcester, 13 Jan., 1605.
Signed: Walter Jones: Jo. Fleett. Seal. ½ p. (109. 115.)
The Earl of Dorset to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 14.
His Majesty was heretofore pleased (at the
suit of Mr. Edmund Lascells) to bestow upon him the escheat of
one John Harmon of Stony Middleton, co. Oxon, lately committed for sheep stealing, if he should be condemned for the same.
Sir Henry Goodiere, knt., having made known to his Majesty
how deeply he stands engaged for the debt of Mr. Lascells, his
Highness has joined Sir Henry Goodyere with Mr. Lascells in the
gift of the escheat, that he may be the better able to satisfy such
debts as he has undertaken.—From Dorset House, 14 Jan., 1605.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (109. 117.)
Sir Thomas Snell to the Privy Council.
1605–6, Jan. 15.
Forasmuch as it is unknown to me whether
the Bishop (by Richard Longe mentioned) has acquainted any of
your Honours with the substance of the information herein
enclosed, I have thought it my duty to acquaint you therewith.—
From my house at Kingston [Kington], 15 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. ½ p. (109. 118.)
The Enclosure: Information of Richard Long, gent, of Lineham,
Wilts, taken 14 Jan., 1605, by Sir Thomas Snell, of Kington in
the same county, knt., a J.P. in the said county.
Shortly after the feast of St. James the Apostle last he and
Henry Coxwell of Cirencester, co. Gloucester, gentleman, travelled
to St. Lucar in Spain to buy merchandise, in whose company went
Anthony Uze of Box, co. Gloucester, gent., Thomas Fox, whom
examinate takes to be a Worcestershire gentleman, Thomas
Dedham late dwelling in the house of one Ballard in Wales at a
place called Urchenfeild, and divers mariners. Dedham at his
coming to St. Lucar took a house and there dwells, keeping
victualling. And examinate being in Dedham's house about
Michaelmas last there came to the house one Thomas whose
surname he knows not, who was cook to one Father Martin a
priest there, an Englishman; which cook reported that at his
master's house there were at that present certain English gentlemen to the number of 9 or 10, one of which was named Percy,
which were new come over out of England and had reported that
there was in England treason intended against the King going to
the Parliament House, and that a great nobleman was the
principal doer thereof, and that the same was revealed and the
said nobleman imprisoned in the Tower; and that thereupon
there was such strict course taken in England against the papists
that they, the said gentlemen, were driven to forsake their
country and therefore were come thither. And examinate
further says that he does not know any of their names but the
name of Percy as aforesaid. He also says that the next day the
report aforesaid was commonly talked of by many Englishmen
which were there buying merchandise, but did not hear any
Spaniard talk thereof. And examinate going in the street about
his business saw the said gentlemen standing at the said priest's
door, whence as he heard they went to the city of Seville to the
English college there to study and afterwards to take orders
and become either priests or friars. Lastly he says he came from
thence and landed at Chepstow in Wales about a month before
Christmas last, and together with Anthony Uze gave information
of the report aforesaid to the Bishop of Llandaff in Wales.
Signed by Snell and Long. 1 p. (110. 12.)
Brief abstract of the above.
18th century. 1 p. (249. 1.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 15.
His Majesty this morning commanded me
to signify to your lordship, that although he rest very well satisfied
with your answer touching the Spanish Ambassador's complaint
about the prize taken from an English pirate by an English
merchant, yet would he have my Lord Admiral inform you or
adventure his Majesty, what upon examination the true state
thereof falls out to be, and likewise of the other complaint; that
if the Ambassador renew his speech any more to his Majesty,
he may be furnished how to reply to him, thinking for his own
judgment that if the case be as the Ambassador informs, the
merchant that brought in the pirate should not only not have
punishment or trouble, but reward.—From Enfield, 15 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (109. 119.)
Sir Arthur Capell to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 15.
Upon the 13th of this month I received the
King's letters of privy seal dated Oct. 20, wherein his Majesty's
pleasure is I should give him such reasonable number of deer as
my grounds may afford for the replenishing of the park and chase
at Somersham, to be delivered to such persons as Sir John Cutts,
keeper of the said park, shall appoint. My two grounds being
both of them small and in truth not sufficient to discharge mine
own use, I have had within the space of two years great death of
deer in them, so as at this time they are much decayed. I beseech
you that I may be freed from this demand, which if I should be
forced into I shall not in many years reap the benefit of mine own
grounds, for mine own use, or the pleasure of my friends.—From
my poor house at Haddham, 15 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (109. 120.)
Sir Henry Bromley to the Same.
1605–6, Jan. 15.
I am persuaded I cannot proceed to the
search before Monday morning, for that I must call unto me some
justices of peace and resolve of the search of three or four houses
at one instant, which must be done by several persons, and therefore will ask a time to dispose of the course and accommodate
people for the purpose. Meantime I will have good espial over
the houses suspected. It remains that you will be pleased to send
me the description and names of the parties, and if possible one
that knows them, as also the proclamation, and your pleasure
what I shall do with Mr. Abington, if these parties be not there,
if he shall refuse to confess them, considering your lordship is
so well assured they have been there. I desire that your messenger
may very quietly ride through Worcester without making it known
that he is a messenger sent to me.—Wickeham, 15 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (109. 121.)
The Bishop of Durham to the Same.
1605–6, Jan. 15.
I entreat your best furtherance of Mr. William
Saxey of Lincoln's Inn, a dear friend and countyman of mine,
a right honest gentleman, and an ancient counsellor at law of
above 46 years continuance, who, before he was employed in
public service as Chief Justice of Munster, lived well by the
practice of his profession here (the private study whereof he has
always and still does continue), but by his service there about
12 years together, he has sustained great loss, yet never relieved
by any collateral regard, as others employed in like places have
been rewarded. And moreover by that service in Ireland his
practice of the common law is in a manner discontinued, to the
great decay of his estate, while many of the judges of this realm
deceased, and divers yet remaining of his continuance, and all
the serjeants now living short of his standing, who quietly attending their own commodity at home have been and are daily
enriched by their private practice and by their profession
raised to further preferments, where foreign service has hitherto
interrupted my good friend's advancement. Who, depending
upon hopes of such like reward, has not only failed thereof, but
also that public service by him diligently performed is like to grow
to his decay, unless by his Majesty's favour he may be bestowed
in some like judicial place and his former practice continued,
which can only be effected if he may be placed in the room of one
of the Council of the Marches of Wales; whereby he may be
continued in that quality of service, wherein he has been so long
experienced, and remitted to his former mean of maintenance.—
At Duresme House, 15 Jan., 1605.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (109. 122.)
Sir Christopher Parkins to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605–6, Jan. 15.
I send you the bearer my servant Joachim
Rytt, born at Wistmer, bred in Denmark, and about nine years
since committed to me by some gentleman of that Court. In the
Queen's time he was once in Denmark with her Majesty's letters
for Duke Charles of Sweden, and this last summer again with the
King's letters for a private cause; and otherwise I have such proof
of him that I am fully persuaded he will faithfully deliver letters
committed to him, solicit and return an answer with convenient
speed. I send him that your lordship may see him and give him
your order, that whiles the dispatch is making ready he may seek
shipping to be the more forward for the service.—15 Jan., 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (109. 123.)