The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 1.
As the next day after I wrote to you of the decease
of the old Lady, I received yours by Coke my servant, so the next day
after my last to you did I receive your last by post, for which I infinitely
thank you; but I beseech you, speak no more of courting or complimenting, for I neither take pleasure myself to use it to my dearest
friends, nor take any contentment to find it in any of them towards me.
And now touching that show of rupture in that great treaty whereof you
write, if it be not by this time pieced again I should wonder, remembering how far beyond expectation the first article was consented unto.—
At Sheffield Lodge, 1 March, 1607.
PS. I trust you will assoil my question touching the Monsignior
and thereby satisfy your penance.
Here is my Lady Arbella somewhat ill at ease. We are made strangers
to all my Lord Cavendish's proceedings, and do neither know anything
of the old Lady's will as yet, nor the time when her funerals are intended,
but we hear that she was more publicly buried at Derby than I have
heard of the like, where a solemn funeral was intended after.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (120 112.)
Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 2.
There needs no excuse for breaking the letter
which you sent me. I hope I shall never have such secrets as I would
wish to be concealed from you, in whose love and favour I take more
true comfort than I can express. The letter was from the Lord President
of the Council in the Marches of Wales, and it seems he has written to
you to the same effect, which is to have a letter to the Justices of
Assize in Herefordshire for staying proceedings against one Edmond
Edwards at the next assize, in respect of his discovery of many notorious
thieves in divers shires of South Wales. I conceive the motion to be
reasonable, tending to so good a purpose, and the judges strain their
discretion many times to do the like upon less occasions. Wherefore
if it please you to join with me in such a letter I will be ready; if otherwise, I refer myself to your wisdom, and so pray you to bear with my
scribbling, having neither sound body nor head.—2 March. 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (120 113.)
Edward FitzGerald to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 3.
Whereas I showed you the letter that Captain
Moris FitzGerald sent me out of the Low Countries by his brother Pierce
FitzGerald. Pierce being desirous to return back to bring home his
brother and to forego their employments there, for that they would not
serve in any place that may be offensive to his Majesty, and would
rather serve their own native prince, if there be cause of employment,
than any other prince in the world, as I understand by the letter and
Pierce's protestations; for that they are my kinsmen I wish their
return out of those parts to their own country, and pray you to grant
them a passport.—3 March, 1607.
Signed. Endorsed: "Capt. Garret to my Lord." ⅓ p. (120 115.)
Lord Morley to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 3.
Whereas it has pleased his Majesty to give unto
the Earl of Hertford or to his son 200l land a year, and to my son
Monteagle and the rest of the co-heirs other 200l land a year, out of the
lands sometimes the Duke of Suffolk's, late in controversy betwixt
the said Earl and them (as I take it) either in respect of their rights or
their great charges in law betwixt them; my suit is that you would
think me worthy of some recompense herein, because I first began the
suit in Queen Elizabeth my late sovereign's time, and so proceeded at
his Majesty's first entrance into England and three years since, to my
great charges and the purchasing of many enemies. And for my right
into these lands I hold myself to be tenant by the curtesy of England;
and so if their right be good I shall prove mine to be answerable to the
same before his Majesty's counsel learned.—Holborn, 3 March, 1607.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (120 116.)
[Sir Thomas Parry] to Mustapha Aga
1607–8, March 3.
In reply to yours of 6th February (received the
26th) requesting me to apply to the King of France for a passport for
you to travel from Marseilles to England; I am very sorry to be unable
to accede to your most reasonable request without orders, but I am
writing to England and will let you know the answer.—3 March, 1607.
To Mustapha Aga. Chamberlain of the Turkish Emperor at Marseilles.
Copy. Latin. Endorsed: "1607." (193 80.)
Sir Christopher Perkins to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 4.
I pray you to accept of these my letters written
upon so necessary occasion very much concerning myself. A public
rumour has been lately raised that it is intended to bring another man
into the Requests, and to pretermit me, supposed as old and weak, to be
unwilling to undergo such pains as are incident to one that shall be in
ordinary for audience; whereas the place I now hold has been ever
thought an infallible way to the fee and to the ordinary place of
justice in the Court of Requests. And as I am informed there has never
been any precedent to the contrary, though sometimes for the place of
Audience there has been some alteration, yet very seldom upon consideration. But to remove the forementioned supposition, assuredly
I desire no longer to live than I shall be willing to take pains in any his
Majesty's service allotted to me. Wherefore, it being usual in all honourable governments to insist in courses ever formerly observed, the interrupting whereof in any particular cannot be without some public distemper and private disgrace, if not wrong; my suit to you is that you
will be a hinderer of this my disgrace if need shall be; and that in
consideration of my many good deserts of the State in former times, of
my small rewards and now of my age not like to be long troublesome,
I may at the least take my turn in this small place I hold. And if upon
trial I shall hereafter prove unable by weak age, I may easily without
offence give place to some other.—Lambeth, 4 March, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. ¾ p. (120 117.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 4.
It may please you to receive herewith the two
warrants which came hither this morning, and also two other bills
signed by his Majesty, which came a week since or more in a packet from
you without any mention. They are both for one man and one thing,
and therefore I knew not whether both were to be signed or one. The
one contains only a livery for the keeper of the bridges, and the other a
livery and an allowance of 20s in money. Which of them you will have
to pass you may cause to be sealed, and the other to be suppressed. I
have sent also a letter to my Lord Admiral written by his Majesty's
warrant for the taking of certain deer to be sent to the French King.
I beseech you to cause it to be sealed and sent unto him. Of the matters
contained in your letter, his Majesty willed me to write nothing but
that he was satisfied, only marvels that it should fall out so clear for
Mr Fuller, considering the information had been given him; and yet
speaks not passionately of him.—From the Court at Newmarket,
4 March, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (120 118.)
[Sir Charles Cornwallis] to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8], March 5.
I have written much to my Lord of Northampton, whereof I doubt not your Lordship shall be participant. Such is the
present extremity of sharpness of the weather here, and my greenness of
recovery, as for this present I must entreat your pardon if in this I
Since the recovery of my rheum and ague I have been assaulted with
a fear of an end by a more sudden and violent means, whereof more
particularly you shall understand by my Lord of Northampton, to
whom I have related it in my letter. I thank Almighty God I have
resolved upon the worst, and having God for protector, fear not what
the armies of His enemies can do unto me. If they shorten my days here,
my hope is they shall lengthen them in a more happy place; and in a
better quarrel than the cause of God, my King and country I cannot
adventure them. My comfort is it has pleased God to bless my labours,
all things here in all outward appearance standing in better terms than
ever, neither have I lost time while the humour held them. It begins
now within a few days to show a little change, but as I attribute most
of the late show of warmth of good will to a desire not to be impedimented in the precious peace that they so much affect, so I imagine
that some occupations about that, and late alarms of many sails of
Hollanders being upon these coasts with intention to surprise St Lucar,
have hindered very many of my proceedings in the causes of my countrymen. Within these seven days posts were sent suddenly, all in one night,
to all the port towns of this kingdom, and yesterday went fresh couriers
to Sevill and Lisborne.
In Galicia are building with all speed 12 galleons, and a view taken
of all the foreigners' ships within these harbours, of what quantity,
quality and port they be. Of the embarks (sic) along the coasts of
Biscay I long since advertised; what the purpose is is held very silent,
but some attempt there is in hand, and (as it seems) of great necessities,
for the King's treasury gives no encouragement to works of charge,
being both here and elsewhere, as far as I can understand, never more
empty. His own officers are content to be "acknowne" of the penury.
His preachers this Lent, in presence of the ambassadors of other princes
and states, have been violent in telling him to his face of his extreme
wants, unworthy of a King, and of his consumptions otherwise, in
profuse giving where there has been no merit. The Ambassador of
Venice, who sits where he may take full view of him, tells me he sits like
an image, stricken but not moved. Divers of his guard in his way to his
chapel have in like manner lately affronted him in troop of 6 or 7 at
once, delivering petitions for their wages and accompanying them with
exclamatory words, saying they have not been paid these 15 months, and
are now come to such extremity as with difficulty they defend themselves from starving. The poor King takes their papers and follows his
way; what he feels in his heart, God knows, but those that observe his
countenance assure me that they find no change in it.
The Duke of Lerma is within these two days removing towards
Lerma, and purposes no return till the end of this summer. He being
gone the King will not long tarry after him. The Duke finds the surfeit
and would gladly cure it by retentive diet, but cannot endure evacuation. They rail at him publicly for his engrossing the estate, and now
lately are come to do it so confidently as, adjoining unto it the matter
of this Low Country treaty, they in a sort call him traitor, saying that so
dishonourable prohibitions (sic) of peace (whereof they hold him a
principal contriver) cannot proceed out of other entrails than those of a
traitor and a coward. What will be the end of that nobleman's fortunes,
God knoweth; for my own particular I cannot but wish the best, so
much am I beholden unto him for the respect he has always showed to
myself in particular, and especially for the good affection he ever
demonstrated to my sovereign and what concerns his services.
What and how much my longing is now to hear from you, and of the
happy time of my delivery from hence, I doubt not but you will easily
The Ambassador of Persia departed this week towards his own
country, being to embark at Lisborne in one of the carracks that go
for the East Indies, and at Ormuce to take his way overland. There
was during his abode here exchange of visits between us. He has
promised to "ingreate" my sovereign to the king his master, and that all
subjects of his that for traffic or otherwise should repair unto his king's
dominions shall be well received and used with good respect. The King
gave him for an ayuda de costa 20,000 ducats in money.
Sir John Ferne having so long a time stayed here, expecting payment
of money due to him from the King for which he has many months had
all his papers and furniture in readiness, has not yet been paid one
penny. Myself have now lately put in like preparation debts due unto
some of his Majesty's subjects. Sir John has altogether used Creswell
for his advocate, and the others only me; it is now come to the issue
which shall most prevail, and upon this trial will appear whether a
crown or a corner cap shall be of most force with this people.
Notwithstanding the late provisions made in Parliament to the
contrary, the affected to the Roman religion in England send hither their
sons to be indoctrined in the Jesuits' colleges; amongst others, the son
of one Mr Bacon of Lyne in Norfolk that has been lately transported and
at Lisborne received by that malignant generation.
Copy. Endorsed: "To my Lord of Salisbury of the 5th March. Sent
by the conveyance of the Secretary of Estate here to the Spanish
Ambassador there under cover to Sir William Cornwaleys. 7 March,
1608." 12/3 pp. (125 39.)
Advertisements from Germany
1607–8, March 5/15.
From Prague, 15 March, 1608. The Protestant
Ambassadors at Ratisbon continue firm in their demands, of which I
have heretofore written you, so that the issue of the Diet is more than
ever in doubt, and whether it will be so protracted that the affairs
of the Emperor which require prompt decision will receive any benefit.
He has asked in the Diet of Bohemia, which commenced on Monday,
300,000 thalers payable within a month for his necessities, and no more.
The answer which will be made him will prejudge the question for still
another diet, which he proposes to convoke after Easter in this town,
where he desires the deputies of the dependent Provinces of this Kingdom to assemble. They write from Vienna that the Diet of Austria will
be finished shortly, and that it will appoint an embassy of all the
States to the Emperor, to render account to him of all that has taken
place at Pressburg, and to assure him that it has only been for his
service and to avoid total ruin. I have informed you that the Count
Brune de Mansfeldt has been dispatched by the Archduke Matthias to
his brother Albert. On his way through Ratisbon he was arrested by the
Archduke Ferdinand, who, after seizing his letters and instructions,
sent him back here, whence he has been forbidden to depart without
leave. I do not know how this will be taken where you are.
The Diet of this Kingdom has been finished this morning. The
resolution demanded by the Emperor has been put back to the diet to
be held after Easter.
French. Endorsed: "1608. Advertisements out of Germany." and
in a different handwriting: "22 March." 1 p. (194 128).
Levynus Munck to Roger Houghton
1607–8, March 5.
His Lordship [Salisbury] appoints him to send
to Houghton for 20l to be disbursed here about foreign employment. It
is to be entered as delivered to the use of Sir Thomas Edmondes. who
has delivered so much money at Brussels for his Lordship's service.—
London, 5 March, 1607.
Holograph. ½ p. Receipt at foot by Jer. Whitaker for the above money.
The Earl of Nottingham to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8] March 6.
I will attend at two oclock as appointed by
your letter. I send you two letters which are for the service of the
"Ilse" [Isles] of Scotland; the one to the Lord Deputy, the other to
Sir William St. John, who is specially to be used in that service as he
was the last year, who performed it to his Majesty's good liking. They
are to go away with great speed, therefore send them away by post
with all expedition.—Chelsea, the 6 of Ma[rch.]
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "6 March 1607." ½ p. (120 119.)
Viscount Lisle to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8, March 6]
I did get much in the exchange the last day with
you; for both that which I received from you (and return enclosed)
more perfect than my copy was; and also Spinola's demands added, which
I had not seen before. I thank you for it, and though I know in these
things you are ever better furnished than I am, yet when I have anything I will not fail to acquaint you with it.— Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "6 March 1607." 1 p. (193 81.)
1607–8, March. 6/16.
Letters from Spain. 16 March, 1608.—That the
Hollanders have taken the city of Malacca and the Viceroy prisoner.
Four galleons cast away at Barcelona wherein are drowned a great sort
of gent that were embarked for Italy, amongst whom 'tis said the
Venetian Ambassador that last resided in Spain.
The rest are matters advertised before concerning the fleets and
preparations ready at this time.
Memorandum in the handwriting of a secretary. ½ p. (194 129.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 9.
Distrust of the success of the peace. Jealousies
of the French Commissioners. The President Janin termed the Rabbi
of the States from whom they do derive their chief counsels. A courier
come with order from Spain for the furnishing of 750,000 crowns, the
remainder of the 900,000 crowns, by new banquiers of Genoa. Direction
that such as be entretenidos circa la persona shall monthly have a
third part of their entertainment. The Count of Miranda, the most
sufficient councillor of State in Spain, hath given over the managing of
affairs there, of which judgment is made that they stand in ill terms.
Centurion hath already paid 1000l st. upon bills of exchange from the
Sp[anish] Ambassador in England. He hath likewise made over to him
50,000 crowns from Antwerp; much marvelled to what end these great
sums are sent over, considering the small use the Ambassador hath of
money besides ordinary expense.
Abstract. (227 p. 343.)
Viscount Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 10.
I showed his Majesty your last letter, and he
was well pleased with your resolution touching the party, and likewise
allowed of your several advertisements to Delvin's friends, both by
the Deputy and this other party. His Majesty was very careful that the
warrant for the 300l should be according to the words of your own
letter, which you shall receive here enclosed, and as Sir Thomas Lake
says to me, of the same form you desired. I perceive by your letter
the course of my business, which my Lord of Dunbar had made me
understand, besides a letter I had from Sir James Creichton; and they
both testify your care in that for my good to be more than I can deserve.
Only pardon me to renew once more what I have often said, no man shall
be more ready, nor think himself more happy than myself, if I can do
you any acceptable service.—Newmarket, 10 March, 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (120 121.)
Memorial of George Car to the King of Spain
1607–8, March 11/21. Memorial of George Car. a Scottish gentleman,
presented to the King of Spain and the Council of State.
He was dispatched in A.D. 1592 by the Catholic nobility of Scotland
to the late King with their letters and signatures, arrested on the point
of embarkation, imprisoned and deprived of his estates. After regaining
his liberty he was again sent by the same persons in 1600 on the King
of Spain's business. He has since, much against his will, become involved in a dispute, and requests that Andres de Prada, the King's
secretary, may be ordered to give him a certificate of his services
which he can produce in his defence.
Annexed. Decree of the Council of State.
By order of the Council of State I, Andres de Prada, certify that
George Car was sent by the Catholic nobility of Scotland to the late
King, was captured, escaped, and was again sent to the present King,
with whose answer he departed to Bordeaux, whence he forwarded it
and returned to this Court. His Majesty assigned to him a pension of 70
crowns (escudos), which he subsequently raised to 100. The Council
regards him as a good Catholic and zealous for the King's service.—
Madrid, 21 March, 1608.
Copy made by Pedro de Baela, royal notary (scrivano) at Madrid,
21 March, 1608.
Copy. Spanish. 1 p. (16 58.)
Sir John Ogle to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 11/21.
Since the sending over of the articles by
Sir William Browne, which was ill taken by the Commissioners and so
made known to the Estates, there has been that hand carried in matter
of secrecy as that the trade of interloping intelligence is almost put
down, there coming very little to the common ear to be discoursed of.
A further truce is agreed upon till the end of May. They have not yet
resolved who of the five Commissioners from the Archdukes shall go
into Spain. Each one has presented his service in show of a well willing
to the advancement of the common business, but it is thought that it
will fall to the Friar's lot. The Estates persist in their resolution touching their not abandoning the East Indies. There are certain persuasive
reasons set down in writing to confirm them in that opinion, as also by
themselves why they remain so constant therein; of the latter I have
not yet had sight; when they shall come to my hands, if they be not
too tedious, or that I feared not they would come too late and so out of
season, I would send them you.—Hague, March 21, 1608. novo.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (125 43.)
Lord St John to the Earls of Dorset, Worcester and Salisbury
1607–8, March 11.
Refers to his letter of the 5th inst. with respect
to the proposed purchase by him of his cousin the Earl of Bedford's
manor of Melchbourne. In performance of his promise, he has sent
up Oliver St John, his eldest son, and Thomas Anscell, authorised to
conclude with such as have like warrant from Bedford, for the price
and days of payment. In case of their dissenting, he will confirm
whatever shall be accorded by an umpire chosen by Bedford of the two
noblemen named in his letter. He does not covet the purchase for any
lucre sake, but only for convenience, and to retain a memorial of the
alliance between the noble house of Bedford and this of Bletsoe.—
Bletsoe, 11 March, 1607.
Signed. Oliver Seynt John. 1 p. (193 84.)
Sir Edward Cecil to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8] March 12.
At my coming to the Hague I did think it
strange to find the odds to be on the war's side; but 7 days after it
was turned like a cockpit mark, and continues so much the stronger as
the article of the trade to the Indies is passed, which was all the hope
we soldiers had on our side that it would not have been. For the
greater business here I leave to those that should know them [sic]
better, that are ordained to that end; only I can say that the people
here that are Protestants are so indifferent that these 40 years' war
have horned them, so that they think they should live better in war
than in peace. As for the Papists they desire peace upon their knees,
so that if it prove peace I shall wish myself a Papist to be the better
contented. For our troops the business is not as yet handled, only
they speak of keeping up of their army; but they will cashier many,
and yet hold on their contribution for some 10 years. But if they make
peace, I look for every year they will cashier so many that their army
will not long stand. And as every man begins to seek for his best means,
so I must confess I have none can help me but your Lordship, which I
know is so honourable that if, for those 10 years I have followed the
wars I have deserved anything, you will remember me. If not, I shall
think myself born in an evil hour to have spent my time and all I have
in the world, and to see so many at home without pains profit so much,
I doubt not but your Lordship is sensible of a man of my rank that has
lived like a "Coronell", and must come home and live like a younger
brother that was come from the Inns of Court. If my misfortune be so
bad, it will confirm many men's judgments that thought it safe to stay
at home. I have gone farther than I did think to have done, therefore
I will conclude; and as I have from the beginning only sought to you for
my fortune, so will I till the end.—From the Hague, this 12 of March.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1607." 1½ pp. (120 122.)
John Finet to Thomas Wilson
1607–8, March 12/22.
I made no better of your, or to say better,
my Lord's [Salisbury's] message to his Lordship [Cranborne] than
plainly to prefer it to his own reading; which somewhat moved him, but
rather to repentance than anger, when he saw his faults noted by him
that has such judgment to discern and authority to reform them. Only
he is sorry his merit should prove the worse for his ill fortune, for even
then his own letters of reasonable excuse for his silence could not be
farther from my Lord than Dover. He begins his diligence with this
opportunity of sending by Mr Finch, my Lord's servant, and will continue
it upon every occasion. Your cousin I know not where to find; he
was once with me and told me, but I have forgot his lodging. At my
next sight of him, he shall have your message.
I have sent you herewith three small treatises; one of the claim and
protestation of the Courteneys about their right to be received to be
princes of the blood of France; another an abridgement of the King's
life, avowed by Mr de Souilly (though without his name) to my Lord
Ambassador; and a third to that purpose, said to be Pierre Matthieu's.
One thing I wonder of, how a man of that strength of judgment and
fulness of invention, as is M. de Souilly, should tread so just in another
man's steps (for his is the latter and of the latter impression) without
voluntary or strangely casual larceny. You shall receive also by bearer
a box of something that perhaps may serve your turn better than
nothing, two cleanly candlesticks with silver noses (yet not privileged
from dropping) which may be for your neat use to transport from book
to book in my Lord's library; an ivory box of counters of the same for
your more sweet counting of expenses and receipts about his Lordship's
building; a dog and a cat for your daughter to play with (if she be not
past it), which have these rare properties, never to eat meat, to make
noise, to harbour fleas. Some told me they would die in the sending;
be it as it will, these are all presents of no great charge which I cannot
find here to your purpose. The bearer looks for no better reward than a
kiss of your jewel, and in my conscience you may honestly afford it as he
will honestly take it. He is a gentleman of my old honest acquaintance,
and one that beside his general duty to my young Lord has discovered
particular devotion to his service. There passed between him and young
Mr Litton (a worthy gentleman who is by this time in England) a certain
quarrel lately, wherein I will say neither was in the fault because they
were both made friends by my Lord's interposing. Idle words passed
between them, a challenge was sent, they met; and I came happily to
part them. I tell you this because of my Lord's discretion and upright
proceeding in a matter wherein two were actors to whom he was indifferently interested; to one as his old acquaintance and, I think, kinsman;
to the other as his father's servant and defender of him in his absence
from an indignity offered him in words by an idle gentleman, who, after
receiving from Mr Finch a box on the ear for his saucy speeches and
thereupon challenging him the field, was met by him to be answered;
but ashamed of the cause of his quarrel (which the best way he could
excuse was with confession of drunkenness) he was content the matter
should be there compounded without such sharp trial as they were
ready to put it to. I briefly tell you this because my Lord or some of Mr
Litton's best friends may be possessed with some hard report of Mr
Finch's proceeding as being of a quarrelsome disposition, whereof the
justice of the cause in the first, in the second Mr Litton himself (now
again his good friend) will I doubt not clear him. I have been long about
matters too light, out of I know not what natural inclination I have to
defend everyman, as far as I may, from injury, and to make the best of
everything.—Paris, 22 March, 1608, stilo novo.
PS. There is a gentleman, a friend of mine, here desirous to know if any
shall be sent to condole the death of the Duke of Florence, who it is,
and where he is likely to take his journey, whereof, by your next if you
know, inform me. If one Mr Rookes bring you letters from me, I pray
take notice of him; he is a man of good understanding, whom I have
found faithful and, in his proceeding, most real and honest.
Holograph. 3 pp. (125 45.)
Advertisements from Prague
1607–8, March 12/22.
There has been a rumour these last days in
this Court that the Emperor's affairs are going better at the Diet of
Ratisbon than they did before, and that it is hoped that some contributions will be obtained. Nevertheless, this hope is still very weak, and it
is to be feared that whilst matters are so protracted on that side, those
who are desirous to remove elsewhere will have plenty of leisure to
carry out their plans. Some beginning of it is seen in Moravia, where
several lords are openly declaring their discontent with him who
exercises the office of Grand Captain, the first post in the province, by
commission from the Emperor. We shall see if the Cardinal de Dietristain, who went there Sunday last, and the intimation of the Diet of this
Kingdom to be held after this Easter, to which those of Moravia are
also summoned, as I think I wrote you in my preceding letter of the
15th, will retard the course of this division, the effects of which can
only be very prejudicial to his Imperial Majesty.—From Prague, 22
March, in answer to yours of the 8th, 1608.
French. ½ p. (194 131.)
Sir Frances Vere to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 13.
I received lately from Sir Edward Conway the
writing that goes herewith, being the copy of a letter sent out of Spain
containing an advice of a practice by the Spaniard upon some of the
important ports of Holland or Zeland, and namely, as the writer supposes, the Brill; as you may more particularly understand by the said
writing, which I send untranslated, knowing you to be attended by such
as have better skill therein than myself, being ready upon knowledge
of your pleasure to dispose of my attendance accordingly.—Tilbury,
13 March, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (120 123.)
Dr William Bruce to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 14/24.
I wrote lately to you from Dantsic, at my
passing to this Court, that I understood an ambassador was to be sent
from hence to our King; this King had chosen his Majesty and the
French King to have been arbiters and mediators of all controversies
betwixt him and his factious nobility, and to that effect was to have
directed an ambassador. But the nobility refused such mediators,
alleging them not to be acquainted with their laws and privileges, on
which they ground their insurrection against this King. Therefore that
ambassador did not proceed, as likewise for the death of the King's
child, to whom he was minded to have prayed our King to have been
godfather. Since, he is privately agreed with the heads and chiefest
of his adversaries, resolved by their advice to pursue the common sort
with arms if they make any difficulty to be at quietness after the
peace published with the principal lords, which is to be concluded the
24th of this month of April next following. Then, how all things shall
pass, his Majesty and your Honour shall be duly advertised. The Archduke of Austria Matthias has written to this King declaring himself to
be elected King of Hungary, with the causes wherefore he has accepted
that kingdom against his brother the Emperor's will. The whole country
of Austria with Moravia and one part of Silesia adheres to him, so that
the Emperor, if he be not assisted by the principal Electors of the
Empire, will be in great danger of his whole estate. The report is here
that these princes refuse his Majesty assistance, which I doubt not but
you will know by your advices out of Germany.
There is arrived here sundry messengers out of Muscovy from Demetrius, who was reported two years ago to have been killed by the
"usurpateur" Romanus Sustrye, demanding aid for the recovery of his
estate, and others sent from hence assure that he is the self-same
Demetrius. [I] suppose in this Court for some jealousy of estate he is
holden by many for one "contrefaicte" and false Demetrius; time will
show the verity. He is in the fields accompanied only with 15000 men
evil equipped, and has had sundry victories of Sustry's captains, but
as yet has not "rencontred" with himself, who contains himself with
great forces in the midst of his kingdom near the town of Moscow,
thinking to draw Demetrius so far within the country that he may
easily with his great forces enclose him. The town of Danske with the
Hanse towns uses great practices against the English Company at
Elbing, to which the most part of the citizens of Elbing are consenting,
as weary of their trade there. If you cause not those at London to foresee
such practices, either they will be forced to remove from Elbing with
some disgrace and inconvenience of their trade, or then to dissolve
their company. Beside this King I can obtain any favour necessary
for them, if they would demand it in time. I find him so affectionated
to our King, that for his Majesty's cause he is extraordinarily gracious
to his subjects our countrymen. From this Court at Cracow, this 24
of March, 1608.
Holograph. Endorsed: "24 March, 1607. Dr Bruce to my Lord out
of Poland." 1½ pp. (120 136.)
George Smythe, William Martyn and John Prouse to the
Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 15.
We presume to inform your Lordship that of
late we have been certified (by two of our company who solicit our
suit at the Council table, for the repealing of the new imposition of
three pence on every kersey towards the levying of certain charges by
the Londoners expended at Roan and elsewhere, for the revocation of
an edict published in France concerning English cloth) that it is his
Majesty's intention to unite all the French merchants of this kingdom
into one corporation. The merchants of this city are already incorporated for France by charter from the late Queen of happy memory; and
this our charter is expounded in the last session of Parliament to have
continuance, notwithstanding a former Act made in the same Parliament, whereby all merchants are set at liberty to trade and traffic at
their pleasures into that kingdom, as in the same Act is contained. Our
suit is that if such a corporation shall be made, yet by your assistance
our said charter may be still exempted, for such reasons as our said
solicitors will signify unto you.—Exon. 15 March, 1607.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (120 124.)
Richard Stapers to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 16.
The Doctors have met about the Florentine
cause recommended to them by you and the rest [of the Council]; and
for that they understand, by the report of the Duke's secretary, that he
has delivered you a copy of the process at Florence of the proceeding
and condemning of some of the English ships, they are very desirous
to see the same. Wherefore I make bold to move you for it, and I
will see it safely returned to you again.—London, 16 March, 1607.
Signed. ⅓ p. (120 125.)
The Countess of Oxford to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8] March 16.
It pleased you to dispose the three ladies'
willing consents for the sale of Henningham to their brother, which
favour I acknowledge. Be not displeased with my present request,
proceeding from my disabled estate, and a conceit that the most noble
minds have the most sensible impression of a noble family's ruin.
There have passed in our treaty, by your appointment, demands of your
part and offers of ours. The price I tender, with the aid of a worthy
kinsman to my son, is a great sum, wherein we show our affection, not
thinking it worth to another above 10,000l. The place we purchase has
the face of a fatal desolation, only affected by us as being my son's
ancestors' ancient, native, first foundation. The parks and places of
pleasure are so much defaced as they cannot be repaired; the house and
the necessary provisions thereto so destroyed, as woods, meadows,
waters, which can with no small charge be resupplied. In the translation
thereof to the three ladies there was, by your father's regards, a
remainder left in my son whose example, I hope, may move you to afford
some extraordinary favour towards this second plantation. I have
returned an answer to your particular, containing the usual rates performed by purchasers, wherein I refer to your consideration.—March 16.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (193 85.)
Tomb of the Lady Sophia, daughter of James I
1607–8, March 17.
Privy Seal to the Treasurer and Under-Treasurer
of the Exchequer, to pay to Maximilian Poutrain alias Coult, who has
entered into a contract with the Earl of Salisbury for erecting in St
Peter's, Westminster, a tomb for the Lady Sophia, the King's late
daughter, such sums as the said Earl shall signify unto them, so that
they exceed not the whole sum of 140l. "Given under our privy seal at
our Palace of Westminster, the seventeenth day of March in the fourth
year of our reign." etc.
Copy. ¾ p. (120 126.)
Another copy of the above, 18th century copy. 1 p. (249 249.)
Sir Henry Foulkes to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8] March 18.
I am as loth to offend by importunity as grieved
at the cause urging me thereunto—a languishing body and a distressed
estate. Of late you told my Lord Zouch I should not need to give
attendance for moving my suit any more at the Council table, for that
you would find means otherwise to pass it sub silentio, by which I still
see your honourable disposition to do me good. Howbeit, I thought it
not seasonable nor agreeable with good manners to importune you further
herein until his Majesty's return; and now give me leave to refresh the
memory thereof, wherein as I wholly rely upon your accustomed
goodness, so without your assistance I shall utterly despair of success.—
London, the 18th of March.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (120 127.)
James Boyle and the Company of Merchant Adventurers at
Middelburgh to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 19.
Whereas one Thomas Armitage of London, merchant, sometimes free of our Company of Merchants Adventurers, but
at the instant disfranchised for marrying with a foreign born woman,
has of late obtained of us leave to sue for his Majesty's letters patents
for his readmission into the freedom which he formerly enjoyed; these
are to entreat you to take knowledge of our said consent and to inform
his Majesty thereof as occasion shall be offered.—Middleburgh. 19 March,
Signed. ½ p. (120 128.)
The Bishop of London to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8, March 20]
I had notice yesterday by letter from Sir
William Wade that you were desirous to have this gentleman, Mr Ro.
Spiller, brought before you. I have presumed to send him rather,
because I find him very willing to attend your pleasure. I suppose he
is no priest. He has taken the oath of allegiance, and protested very
deeply his dislike of the Jesuits, as also his readiness to do the State
any service. Only I have taken good bond for his appearance from time
to time, if there shall be cause, upon reasonable warning.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "20 March, 1607." ½ p. (120 129.)
Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 20.
This enclosed I thought fit to send you, that by
it you might perceive what effect your noble favour has wrought that
so worthily endeavoured the liberty of those poor distressed souls
that have this long endured affliction contrary to common reason, but
by their [? the Spaniards'] proceedings it is manifest in how base esteem
they hold our people, being careless what outrages they offer us. But
I wish it might please his Majesty to give his servants leave to use their
best means to right themselves of this their insupportable wrongs,
provided that they violate no article of peace farther than they themselves have done in this. Neither do I see, in my poor understanding,
why his Highness may not make it free by his proclamation for all his
subjects to make the war in the Indies, where he has concluded no peace
nor whither his subjects cannot go but to their loss and ruin. It is
reported that the French King has taken this course, and that his people
are now in preparation to go thither on all hands. But I cease farther to
speak hereof, unless it may be thought I urge more than is fit. As
concerning our plantation, we have found the means to encourage
ourselves anew, and have sent two ships from Tapsome [Topsham] for
the supplies of those that be there with victuals and other necessaries,
having set down the means how we shall be able by May next to send
one more of 200 tons. We frame unto ourselves many reasons of
infinite good that is likely to befall our country if our means fail us not to
accomplish it. But we hope before summer be past to give such satisfaction to the world hereof as none that are lovers of their nation but
will, for one cause or other, be willing to wish it well at the least, what
crosses soever we have received heretofore. Yet I am verily persuaded
that the end will make amends for all; for it is sure it is a very excellent
country, both in respect of the clime as also the multitude of goodly
rivers and harbours it abounds withal, besides the several commodities
that a fertile soil will yield when art and industry shall be used for the
ease of Nature, the which seems to show herself exceeding bountiful
in that place.—Plymouth, March 20, 1607.
Signed. Seal, broken. 1 p. (120 130.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 20.
In favour of Mr Devike, that my Lord would
give him encouragement and countenance in regard of his long abode at
Abstract. (227 p. 344.)
1607–8, March 21.
Articles of direction touching Alehouses.—21
Printed. 11 pp. (223 15.)
Sir John Ouseley to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8, March 21].
Is enforced to acquaint him with the cause of
his writing "only growing from grievous words publicly uttered by you
to my exceeding disgrace." As soon did he think the stars would fall
from the firmament and the sun lose his light, as the hope of his heart's
love should receive a wound of that nature, more felt than can be
expressed. As it has been, or is misreported to have been, in Salisbury
by an undeserved imputation to ground the sorrow of this grief, so
may it rest in his favour to heal it so soundly as to make it ready to
approve his love, which nothing but death shall remove. Prays him
for his comfort to acquaint Lord Carew with the cause if any be, or the
assurance of his contrary opinion.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal, broken. Endorsed: "12 March, 1607." 2/3 p.
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 22.
For the payment of 20l for the second subsidy.—
The Court, 22 March, 1607.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, T. Dorset, E. Worcester, T. Suffolke. 1 p.
Stephen Le Sieur to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 23.
Sir Richard Norton in the county of South[ampton] understanding of this employment of mine into Italy has (in respect
of the alliance between us) entreated me to take his eldest son and heir
in my company, a gentleman of about 24 years of age: who being this
evening with me one Mr Hastings (a gentleman usher or of the horse to
my Lord of Worcester) brought him a letter from one Mr Henry Clare
(a gentleman of my Lord of Montgomery), which contains a challenge for
supposed wrongs done by young Mr Norton to the sister of Mr Clare. I
find my cousin Norton willing not to lose the reputation of a gentleman,
so that if it be not prevented, danger may ensue to either party if not
to both. Knowing this much, I thought good to acquaint you therewith.—This 23 March, 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (120 132.)
Lord Denny to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8, March 23.]
I am earnestly prest by your man and the
rest of the lookers to the game here in the "leavill" [level], to move you
in their behalf, which I am the willinger to do in regard the gates and
bridges are now in some reasonable repair, and the longer they are
continued upon the King's charge the worse will be the repair either for
the King or them. I hear that in other places, where the King has his
pleasures looked unto, that merely for that alone some one has half a
crown a day. This place is both looked unto for that, and the gates,
locks and bridges maintained besides in preservation, being so delivered
unto their hands. The four walkers are worthy upon these conditions
of sixpence a piece daily. For the surveyor of the highways I know not
the extent of his office, wherefore I must leave him, as I do all the rest,
with my recommendation to your pleasure; only if he come in it will
make but half a crown the day, which is no more than, I have by
information from others, is allowed in other places merely for looking to
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "23 March, 1607." 1 p. (120 133.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury
1607–8, March 23.
Touching the great toll of Graveling complained
of by the merchants, whereof suspension made for 3 months till the
right be tried. The peace proceeds slowly. The President Janin
obtains of the Commissioners to write that he is a great furtherer of the
treaty, to avoid jealousies which were conceived of him to the contrary.
One of the house of Salvey arrived from Genoa for the furnishing of the
750,000 crowns which came in specie out of Sp[ain,] by which course the
King of Spain gains 14 in the 100. The Irish colonel gone, some think
after his father to Milan, others into Spain to prepare for his father's
welcome. Shelton, an Irishman, in hand to make an apology for Tyrone,
of which Sir Th. Ed[mondes] complained to the Archduke, who seemed
to dislike it. A new archpriest for England called Kirby of Kilbeck.
Baldwin the Jesuit at St Omers, there to erect a new college for English
Jesuits; more convenient than Louvain for their designs and negotiations for England.
Abstract. (227 p. 344.)
Captain John Seintleger to the Earl of Salisbury
[1607–8, March 24].
I am much displeased with myself that I
should present a petition for the helping of my poor estate, the hurt
of any other; but much more grieved to be so much as suspected to have
wronged you. For if I had been in place where I should have either
heard or seen you abused, I should have maintained your honour with
the hazard of my life, and spoiled the "plaeres" [players'] sports.
Therefore think me free from contriving anything against you, whose
actions my conscience approves the whole kingdom benefited by. Yet
whatsoever you think of me, poor John Scintleger will never forget to
do you all honourable services.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "24 March, 1607." 2/3 p. (120 137.)
Sir Charles Cornwallis to the Privy Council
1608, March 25.
Neither the Court nor the Market Place prophesies
for the present any pleasing event of the Low Country treaty. The
Duke of Lerma has attended the King to the Escurial, where they remain
all this holy week. Measures taken by the King to reduce the intolerable length of suits in his Court Royal. The Condé de Miranda, President
of the Council, has on account of his age and infirmities or, as some say,
desiring to have no part in a falling state, yielded up his office. The
Inquisitor General is to succeed him in the Presidency of Castile. If
the much desired peace succeed, Cornwaleys supposes that their cares
for a season will be either wholly converted to fortify their western
possessions or to turn their forces towards Italy, where they are in their
hearts at pique with the Venetians, and of late become jealous of the
Dukes of Savoy and Mantua. In the West Indies these many years'
distractions, joined with the King of England's approaching to those
parts with the colonies now in planting in Virginia, have of late moved
them to be content upon any reasonable conditions to give over their
claim to the Low Countries, so as to conserve what they have or pretend
in their East or West Indies.
Notwithstanding all the earnestness he has used for obtaining liberty
of the men imprisoned in Seville, Cornwaleys can yet fasten upon nothing
but airy hopes. Of late they have imprisoned in Malaga the factor of
Mr Kellett of his Majesty's Wardrobe, whither he came laden with
negroes and hides from the river of Senega and Puerto Dalia not far
fron Capo Verde, and embargoed his goods upon pretence that his commerce was not lawful being within their jurisdiction. Cornwaleys, upon
complaint of the party, interposed himself in the business and sets out
at great length the argument he held with some of the Council, who
desired him to put it in writing.—Madrid, 25 March. 1608, stilo veteri,
Signed. Endorsed. "Received 22 April." 9¼ pp. (125 58.)
[Printed in extenso in Winwood's Memorials 11, pp. 379–384 from a
copy in the Cottonian Library, where the letter is dated 28 March,
Lord Audley to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 25.
I know that your word in favour of me to his
Majesty was the only motive which wrought his bounty. Wherefore I
thought to crave your Lordship to be a mean for my employment to his
Majesty, if there happen now or hereafter any occasion for service.
—My lodging, Clarkenwell, this 25th of March, 1608.
Holograph. Seal. (194 132.)
A Religious Pamphlet
1608, March 25.
"The fiery trial of God's Saints, and the detestable
ends of Popish Traitors; with the names, numbers, times and places of
both their sufferings." By Francis Burton, stationer. It contains a
catalogue of martyrs in Queen Mary's reign and a beadroll of priests and
Jesuits executed in Elizabeth's reign, and also in James's reign to
April 11, 1608.
39 pp. (245 2.)
Captain Garret Flemyng to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 26.
I offer to your consideration my services anciently
performed in Ireland, my maims therein and the loss of my goods; the
latter I feel in my body and estate, the former I have testimony enough
of from that State, the Lord Lieutenant, Lord Carewe and others, who
have attributed part of the honour of the Kinsale victory to my endeavours. This I mention not as vaunting of what I have done but as
suing for consideration in the reasonable suit I have propounded,
wherein if I be lingered, besides my own loss, haply his Majesty's
service and subjects through my long stay here will be also hindered.
For I have begun a fort in the Breny, called O'Reighley's country, of
great importance for defence of the Pale, and annoyance of the evil
disposed borderers. It has been very chargeable unto me, and in these
doubtful times I fear to be long absent from it. Besides, if I were at
home, I am as like to serve my Lord Deputy's turn in serving his Majesty
as most of my sort, although I have neither pay nor pension, and that
his Lordship knows. Command that my petition may be read and my
suit granted, that I may return to discharge my duty to the State
there.—London, 26 March, 1608.
Signed. ½ p. (125 63.)
Esdras de Landas to the Earl of Salisbury
[1608, March 26.]
The Dukes of Saxe, having heard that your Excellency has been pleased to give order for their maintenance until they
receive news of their father, have sent me to know by whom it is that
you wish to have some money paid to their host. He is at present so
destitute of means and credit that he cannot keep them any longer in
his house unless he receive money. For this reason my Lords beg you
again to oblige them by sending 100l to their host, for he swears, and
I can bear him witness, that he is so much pestered by some of his
creditors, that he can have nothing more for them unless he can get
hold of a little money first. The Dukes beg you to excuse the importunity they are compelled to use.—Undated.
Holograph. French. Endorsed: "26 March, 1608. Esdras de Londas
for money for the young Dukes of Saxon." 1 p. (194 133).
Advertisements from Germany
1608, March 26/April 5—April 9/19.
From Prague, 5 April, in reply
to yours of 22 March, 1608.
We have nothing new of the Diet of Ratisbon since my last of March
29. The Diet of Moravia has not been held, the majority of those who
should attend being excused upon divers pretexts. Some say it is a
bad omen for the Diet of this Kingdom of Bohemia, which is appointed
for the 14th instant. I believe Cardinal de Diestristain should be now
at Vienna upon the business that I have written to you. We shall see
what he will do there. But whilst the time is being taken up in these
parts in consultations, the Archduke Matthias seems to be carrying out
his first plan. He has crossed the Danube with 1500 horse which he has
raised, as is said, for his march by the province of Moravia to the
frontiers of this Kingdom, whereat the most timorous in this town take
alarm. But if the troops do not grow larger on their march, I have no
fear. Monsieur Wischer, one of the Ambassadors of the Archduke
Albert to the Diet of Ratisbon, has come here these last days and already
had an audience, though as yet I know not upon what matter; any more
than I know that of the conference between the Archdukes Maximilian
and Ferdinand in a Carthusian monastery near the town of Ratisbon.
From Prague, 12 April, 1608. As those of the provinces annexed to
this Kingdom have been excused from sending their deputies to the Diet
to be held in this town on Monday next, it is thought that it will be
postponed, and it is said that the Emperor, seeing these difficulties
and those which engage the Imperial Diet, has resolved to declare his
willingness to ratify and keep the treaties of agreement with the
Hungarians and those of peace with the Turks, and that he has charged
Cardinal Dietristain, who returned to Vienna Thursday last, to make
this declaration on his behalf to the Archduke Matthias. But because it
is doubtful whether it will be sufficient to content him and those in
league with him, his Imperial Majesty has commanded the Bohemians
to be ready, following the precedents of their preceding Diets, to defend
their frontiers if attack is threatened, and continues to think of still
further means of protecting himself as necessity shall arise. We are
therefore as uncertain as before between hope of peace and fear of war,
and are near to feeling soon the effects of one or the other.
From Prague, 19 April, 1608. Cardinal de Dietristain has returned
from Vienna with an answer which gives us little hope of any arrangement between the Emperor and the Archduke Matthias, who has declared
his inability and his unwillingness to treat without the Provinces which
are confederated with him. We shall see whether the Pope's Nuntio
and the Spanish Ambassador will interpose with better success the
authority of their respective masters to stop the course of his plans.
They are setting out tomorrow to find him in Moravia, where Cardinal
de Dietristain reported that he must be on the road, Tuesday last, to
be present at a meeting which his adherents in that Province were holding at a place called Eywanzitz. It is rumoured that he is accompanied
by more than 1600 men, the greater number on horse, and that he has a
long train of artillery which he took in the arsenal of Vienna. There
is talk also of sending three chief lords and officers of this Kingdom to
him, to remonstrate with him that there is no occasion for his coming
hither with such a suite. If that does not stay him, I think he will be
seen soon in this town, for up to the present I hear nothing of any forces
about the country near enough to oppose him.
French. Endorsed: "April, 1608. Advertisements out of Germany."
2 pp. (194 146.)
Sir Fulke Grevyll to the Earl of Salisbury
[1608,] March 27.
Some four years past I presumed to move you for
this poor gentlewoman of my blood, as I did the rest of my Lords, and
by your favour and theirs she had an annuity granted of 50l out of the
Exchequer during life in lieu of lands his Majesty gave her, fallen to
the Crown by her father's attainder, John Somervylle; with this clause
further that if she could find out anything more profitable to her and
not prejudicial to the King (resigning this 50l pension), she should be
graciously heard. Since which time she has offered divers suits by my
hands to my Lord Treasurer who has taken exception to the nature
of the things, but still retained his promise in memory. Now she has
found out one which his Lordship is pleased to like, because it is
beneficial to the King and harmful to none but such as wrongfully
withhold the right of the Crown. My suit for her is, not to undergo
trouble in particular, but as it shall come to you by course that you
would proceed according to the sweet liberal measure of your own heart.
What apology I should make for myself in presuming to trouble you,
being now out of Court and ability any way to do you service, I know
not, but only this, that he who is most eminent in worth and place
must be content to suffer most trouble.—From Tottenham, this Easter
Holograph. Seal, broken. Endorsed: "1608." 1½ pp. (125 64.)
Easter Sunday, i.e. 27 March.
Sir Francis Fortescu to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 27.
Cannot excuse himself altogether for not in person
showing himself as he ought, having received many favours heretofore,
and lately by his uncle Parry more good speeches than he deserved.
Has attended often, but his Lordship's occasions and his Majesty's
service, prevented his offering his service. Prays his acceptance of a
poor keeper's present, which bearer is to deliver.—Salden, 27 March,
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (125 65.)
Sir Francis Hastings to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 28.
As it was never my wont to forget duty so much as
to present any lines to you in another's hand, so is it far from any
willingness in me at this time to do the same. But my good God having
denied me ability of sight to perform this duty myself, bear with me in
this default. In these the remembrance of my duty to yourself is my
chief errand; whom I hope you account to have been ever a faithful
servant to my late Queen, and will ever remain a true hearted servant to
my now dear sovereign King James.—28 March, 1608.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (125 67.)
Sir Fulke Grevyll to the Earl of Salisbury
 March 28.
You do rightly conceive that the party for whom
I presumed to write is wife to your servant Mr Warrock; the suit, the
interest and all her own. When the King came in I moved the Lords in
compassion of her blood and estate, and think myself bound to you for
this possibility of giving it a happy conclusion.—From Tottenham,
this Easter Monday.
Holograph. Endorsed: "28 March, 1608." 1 p. (125 66.)
Lady Sidley to the Earl of Salisbury
[1608, March 29].
Hearing that my letter and papers be delivered
to Mr Norton without any mention of your pleasure concerning them, I
once more entreat your good Lordship I may from him or some other
body be advertised thereof.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "29 March, 1608." ½ p. (125 68).
Nevill Davis to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 29/April 8.
In my last of 20 February I certified of the
needful. Since which I have advice from my Lord Ambassador of the
"consults" against Captain Challines and the elder and better sort of
his company being sentenced to the galleys, and the younger to be freed.
His Lordship labours to have the same revoked or, at least, to know the
cause of their proceeding so severely against them, being taken upon the
ocean seas and having neither traded in their Indias nor committed
piracy, but being forced to some of the islands by extremity of weather.
Their touching at the east part of Porto Rico was only to land a Spanish
friar, whose life they saved by taking him from the savages of Dominico.
For this charitable deed they have and are like to taste of a Spanish
reward. The captain absents himself and I am in trouble about Thomas
St Jn°, for whom I was bound, who unhonestly departed with two others
without acquainting me therewith. I hope his Lordship will seek to
relieve me, for here with these officers I am sure to find but small
favour. These my troubles were cause I have not sooner certified you of
the departure of the Terra Ferma fleet, which went from Cadez the 7th
of March. Two days after, here happened such an extreme storm that
lasted five days together, that by report the like has not been seen. In
the Bay of Cadez, Giblatar and at Malaga were cast away many ships
and barks. The Bevys of Hampton was one and all her men perished,
saving three that were in the fore-top and two that were a-land. Four
of the Hollanders, which the galleys took, were lost in Giblatar. Divers
Hollanders, that came out of the Straits, put into Cadez to lade salt, were
by order from the King there well used, which gives great hope to their
desire the peace will be concluded between the Archduke and the States.
It was the providence of God the Terra Ferma fleet departed before
the extremity of the Levanto, otherwise it is adjudged the most of them
would have miscarried, for being so many and divers of them wanting
good ground tackle, they would have spoiled one another. The ten
galleons with four pinnaces to accompany them, prepared to seek the
treasure, are all ready, some in Cadez, the rest in St Lucar. It is thought
the four for Nova Spania shall go first, and the other six for Terra Ferma
shall go fifteen days after them. The Nova Spania fleet is also preparing
with all expedition. There will be many ships of them by reason there
went no fleet the last year. Other preparations here is (sic) not as yet.—
From Sivel, 8 April, 1608, stillo novo.
Holograph. 1 p. (194 138.)
Edward Hext to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 30.
It pleased God in her Majesty's time to bless me
as I discovered the most dangerous designs of that most wicked brood,
the wandering soldiers, with the counterfeiters of their passports, who
counterfeited the hands of all men of place both at home and abroad.
At what time I often wrote unto your father, who accepted of mine
advertisements, and when afterwards in the Parliament, 39 of her
Majesty, I preferred a bill to make them felons, as you gave it furtherance in the Lower House, so your father gave it that countenance with
her Majesty and the Lords, as it was made a law, to the utter extirpation of that viperous generation. I entreat your patronage in all my
honest endeavours, and having now certified the Lords of his Majesty's
Council the names of all the freeholders within this county, have therewith presumed by my letter to advertise them of the prices of all sorts
of grain, which to the intolerable grief of the poor arise daily; that
according to their wonted providence some provision may be made
from foreign parts, and withal have certified to them the cause which I
conceive to be the ground of this dearth, with some other enormities
of our country; to the suppressing whereof, if you would give furtherance, our poor country should be most bounden unto you.—Netherham, 30 of March, 1608.
Holograph. ¾ p. (194 134.)
Simon Willis to the Earl of Salisbury
[1608, March 30].
I make no doubt but before this time Sir Thomas
Lake has been called to testify that, by his means, his Majesty was
moved and was content to dispense with my journey to Rome, and that
Sir Robert Chamberlayne or Sir Edmond Hampden or both (seeing Mr
Corbett demanded me where they were lodged) have been required to
deliver their knowledge of my behaviour there. Having now some liberty
to write, which ever since the relation sent your Lordship of my journey
has been denied me, I make bold to affirm that the imputation laid
upon me to have contracted correspondency with Parsons or any other
of that centre of corruption, is most injurious, and I doubt not but it
will appear in the end that the party that has given the intelligence,
whether he be a voluntary or an entertained instrument, has forged
this untruth against me only to salve his own misdemeanour, which has
been such abroad as he knows deserves reprehension at home. I therefore crave that my Lords in general, and your Lordship in particular, will
be pleased that these sixteen days' close imprisonment may be held
punishment sufficient for my not presenting myself to you at my return
to yield an account of my travels, and that I may receive, if not an
absolute enlargement, yet an enlargement upon caution given by some
of my poor friends to appear before my Lords whensoever I shall be
called for; my conscience being clear that in matter of my allegiance I
have no way swerved.—From the Prison of the Gatehouse this Wednesday.
PS. Upon Sunday next, if it stand with your Lordship's pleasure,
I would present the like suit to my Lords in general, and in the mean
time I shall acknowledge much obligation to you if by your permission
I might impart my mind in some things to Mr Dean of Westminster.
Holograph. Endorsed. "Ultimo Martii 1608."l 1 p. (194 135.)
lMarch 31, 1608 was on a Thursday.
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 30.
The Cordelier come out of Holland from the
States complains of the high terms they stand upon with Sp[ain] comme
de pair en compagnon; he fears to go into Spain because he abused them
there with his credulities. A letter from the Duke of Lorraine concerning the Earl of Tyrone's passage through his country.
Abstract. (227 p. 344.)
Sir Griffin Markham to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 31.
I am extreme loth to be thus troublesome to you,
but my likely ruin presses me beyond good manners to importune. I
have no hope but in your mediation; if that fail me, I despair. I hoped
my petition in my last to you would have received an honourable interpretation, for I vow I intended sincerely by that means to get opportunity to show my grateful disposition to my sovereign, or if occasion
offered, to pay the tribute of my life due unto his Majesty and my
country. For however my fault may breed too justly a jealous interpretation, yet my external actions do and ever shall witness my inward sorrow. Besides, howsoever my private discontent for the instant
blinded me, yet (setting aside the forcible bonds of divinity strong in
that kind) I am not so evil a moralist not so to know my duty to my
country, but that I would readily sacrifice a thousand lives if I had them
rather than see the Crown, under which I was born a subject, suffer any
loss by any base or foreign power. Yea, I should hold my death in that
kind a martyrdom, if I were so fortunate as to die in so just a cause. I
did once think to have adventured thither because in my passport it is
in no kind barred me; but fearing to incur a censure where it is fit for
me to sue for and strive to merit grace, I thought fitter to beseech
your assistance, which by all thankful service I will strive to deserve.—
Brussels, this last of March, 1608.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (125 69.)
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 31.
Let me beseech you to present my suit to his
Majesty to dispense with me for my absence from this next St George's
feast. I have very many businesses in these parts at this time for the
better settling of my estate, and the time of my late mother-in-law's
funeral is appointed so near unto St George's Day (at which I must
necessarily be), as I can hardly with my infirmed body perform so long
a journey, forward and backward, in so short a time without some danger. You will be so many there, I shall not be missed, and I being to do
his Majesty no other service by my coming than so short a march in a
purple robe, I trust his Majesty will grant me this suit, and that you
will procure me a licence under seal.—At Sheffield Lodge, this last
day of March, 1608.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (125 70.)
Sir Charles Cornwallis to the Earl of Salisbury
1608, March 31.
I find amongst these lords much appearance of
contentment with mine abode for a longer time, but withal discover a
persuasion in them little contenting to myself; which is that the King,
my master, purposes to continue me here for three years more.
If so it should be, I protest I should yield under my burthen, being
more than I am able to bear, and should have so great a sense of the
little regard taken of me, as that alone were sufficient to draw me to
my grave with sorrow. My hope is that by your next letters I shall
receive a more confirmation of his Majesty's being pleased at the end
of this fourth year to discharge me, the comfort of the expectation
thereof must enable me to endure it.
In my letter to you all of Council I have written so largely as in this
I will crave pardon though I be short. The causes of my poor countrymen go on here fair and softly according to the pace of Spain. I have
procured payment to Mr Ferrell, the Scotsman, and the most part of
what was due to the merchants of London that have factors at Seville.
For Captain Henderson, the Scotsman, I have drawn in the desperatest
debt (which was some 150l due to him for an old freight of his ship)
payable at Lisbon, and have procured for him beyond his expectation
an ayuda de costa of 200l; but when the money for that and the loss of
his ship, which is not yet returned from the Consulta, will be had in
this necessitous time, I cannot determine, but will hasten it with all
For the ransom money due to Mr Vanloor I travail with all diligence,
but find many difficulties in the business. Many of the debtors are dead,
and the only one of ability that lives I find well friended here and
exceeding active with his tongue, wherewith he lays about him to make
the demand of that money appear unreasonable. He says that after
the general agreement of the sum total, there was a repartition of what
should be paid by every particular; that himself truly paid what was
by that accord laid upon him for his own person, which notwithstanding, very injuriously he was after enforced to give his bond for what
rested due for the others of his countrymen that had not paid, otherwise he was threatened not only to be detained but hanged. Much
exception they take besides to the form of the obligation, wherein the
cause of the debt not being contained, they would avoid the force of the
bond itself. To these we shape answer, that I hope will be satisfactory,
and I so hasten the proceeding as after Easter I expect we shall come to
an hearing. But if a sentence we obtain, if extraordinary favour I
find not to procure an excommunication according to the form of executions in this country, the debt will be many years in paying. The
Dutchmen, for whom you and the other Lords of Council wrote unto me
this last November, depend wholly as it seems upon the hope of the
success of the peace with their countrymen; for although they have been
long solicited, they have never sent their papers nor any man nor means
to prosecute their cause.
I understand that my brother taking advantage of my absence on
his Majesty's service, not contented with the inheritance of two manors
which (were they improved as some other men's lands) are well worth
1000l by year (being given by King Henry 8 and Queen Mary to my
grandfather and father, for want of heirs males were to revert to the
Crown), I not being there to use any prevention, he procured to be
passed in my Lord Morley's book, now also practises with one Pagett, a
cunning lawyer, and others to overthrow the conveyance made by my
father of his principal house and the rest of his land, wherein he neither
left nor intended other estate to my brother than for life. He has
besides since my departure (as I am informed) sold to Sir Robert
Wrothe a manor in Essex worth, if it had been improved, 240l by year,
which was entailed by my father and so leased out for lives, as he thought
there could be no sale made of it. Neither did my father so much as
imagine (as I think) that having left him all and me nothing, he
would become so irrespective of what he knew to be his will, or so
disregardful of his house and his own reputation, as to have aliened
those lands which have continued in our name these 240 years. If
these his unkind purposes go forward, I have taken order that either my
son or one Thomas Pytts (whom there I trust with matters of most
importance concerning my estate) shall acquaint you with it, not doubting but you and my Lord of Northampton, to whom I have likewise
imparted my grief herein, will be my mediators to his Majesty to stop so
injurious proceedings against one occupied in his Majesty's service.—
This 31st of March, 1608.
Signed. 1½ pp. (125 71.)
Captain Nicholas Pynnar to the Earl of Salisbury
[1608, March 31].
I understand of some troops to be levied for the
Islands of Scotland, in which employment I would gladly be one rather
than live idly at home. I beseech you I may be thought upon with some
charge, for I have sought all parts of Christendom for service, and cannot
get it through this general peace that now is and most like to be. And
if there should be any use of an engineer, I would undertake to discharge
the place, for I have been a practiser therein this 3 years
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "Ultimo Martii, 1608. Capt Pinner."
½ p. (125 72.)
Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury
[? 1607–8, March].
His Majesty gave me charge to send these enclosed to you. He likes to hear from you what you have done with the
city for the loan. Here is no news. His Majesty is very well. The
Prince goes tomorrow to see his sister. Yesterday being at the hunting
he was in some danger, but God be praised not the worse, running his
horse among some spring of wood hurt his face a little, so little as yet
his Majesty does not know of it. The danger was greater than the hurt.
This night the Landgrave of Hes sups with his Majesty, and tomorrow
takes his leave. His Majesty desires you to be careful of the young
lion, that he may be taken from the mother to be made a pet.—Rostorne, Friday.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (123 152.)
Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury
His Majesty has hereinclosed performed that
which he promised yesterday. You will receive a long letter. His
Majesty would have you not to trouble yourself suddenly to answer any
part of his letter, but only desires that you will certify the safe receipt.
All other matters he has committed to Sir Thomas Lake to acquaint
you with. All is well here. Tomorrow sennight his Majesty goes to
Thetford for 3 or 4 days, and the next week after will come towards
Holograph. Endorsed by Salisbury's secretary: "Sir Roger Aston to
my Lord. 1607." 1 p. (123 153.)
Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury
His Majesty is very desirous to know how you have
done this last night. I had sent sooner but that I heard you was gone
abroad, which I told him, who is very glad, because he thinks you are
better than you were and looks for you here this night. He told me he
knew you were gone to examine the man that was poisoned. There is
Askote's man here that reports he spake with a master of a ship in
Harwich that came out of Norway, who reports that the King of
Denmark* was there abiding for a fair wind; which now he has, so that
his Majesty looks within two days to hear of him. Notwithstanding, he
has appointed to go to Oatlands on Monday. This day there is one come
out of Scotland. Their Parliament ends tomorrow. All things is concluded according to his Majesty's desire, both for matters of the Church
and the grant of a subsidy, which is of their reckoning 400,000 marks
Scots, which is of sterling money 20,000l or thereabout. His Majesty is
glad of this north-east wind.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1608." 1 p. (195 67.)
[* See Cal S.P. Dom. 1603–1610, p. 412.]
Thomas Leech to the Earl of Salisbury
[1608, c March.]
Prays that the King's letter to the Master and
Fellows of St John's College, directing them to accept his resignation
of the vicarage of Northstoke, Oxfordshire, and to admit his son,
Nathaniel, to the same, may pass the seals.—Undated.
1 p. (P. 340.)
[See Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603–1610, p. 418].
Sir Oliver Lambert to the King
[1608, ?c March.]
For increase of his pension, and lease in reversion
of such part of the Abbey of the Navan as is in lease to Wakeley, and
the rectory or parsonage of Selcher, with such hospital or termon lands
as petitioner holds by lease.—Undated.
(P. 1674) ¾ p.
[Cf. Cal of S.P. Ireland, 1606–1608, p. 443].