Cecil Papers: January 1607

Pages 113-115

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 24, Addenda, 1605-1668. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1976.

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January 1607

Reginald Nicholas to the King.
[Before January, 1606–7]. Petitioner's lands were seized in the time of the late Queen Elizabeth for payment of debts to the Crown, and they are still being distrained for that purpose. Sir John Chamberlain, an influential knight of Gloucestershire, took advantage of the situation to enter into some of these lands and withhold certain rents due to petitioner. He brought an action against Chamberlain in the Court of Exchequer Chamber, and it was there decided that while the rents should go towards the liquidation of the debts, the property occupied by Chamberlain should be restored to petitioner's ownership. Chamberlain contemptuously ignored the Court's verdict, and the matter was again taken up by the AttorneyGeneral in a court of Common law in Gloucestershire. Despite the former decree and the advice of the judges, the jury there returned a verdict against petitioner, which he attributes either to their fear of Sir John Chamberlain or to their partiality for him. Since then Chamberlain has entered into other properties belonging to petitioner. He has withheld rents, seized crops and converted an ancient deer park into a warren. Petitioner and his family are constantly subjected to outrages at the hands of his servants. He asks that all matters at variance between him and Chamberlain be referred to the two Chief Justices, the Chief Baron of the Exchequer. Justice Walmsley, Baron Clerke (fn. 1) and Baron Saville, and their verdict to be decisive.—Undated.
1 p. (P. 522.)
Sir William Constable and Sir Edward Bushell to the King.
[Before January 8, 1606–7]. The confidence they have in the King of Denmark's favour towards them impels them to submit a petition to him, that he bestow upon them jointly £300 for the services they have willingly rendered in the past; or so much as the King thinks fit of Chantry lands or impropriations of parsonages in fee farms. They desire that the Earl of Salisbury be ordered to see that the gift is conferred and confirmed.—Undated.
½ p. (P. 458.) P. 1665 and P. 1770 are copies of this petition.
[See PRO, State Papers Denmark (S.P. 75), Vol. IV, pt. 1, fol. 45.]
Sir Randolph Mainwaring to the Earl of Salisbury in answer to the petition of Sir John Savage.
[Before January 13, 1606–7]. Regarding the common or waste called Ravensmere, the advowson of Baddiley, and the parcels of waste land known as Basilden, Clough and Gunn Carr. He claims that all these properties and the advowson have passed by purchase into the hands of his uncle, Captain Edmond Mainwaring. The latter has surrendered them to the King, who has regranted the same to him, the petitioner, with liberty to dig coal within the above-mentioned three parcels of waste land, reserving only the woods growing there for the Crown. He requests that the said grant, which has already passed the privy seal, be forwarded to the Lord Chancellor to receive the Great Seal, or that his counsel be allowed to present his case.—Undated.
¾ p. (P. 38.)
Sir John Savage to the Earl of Salisbury.
[Before January 13, 1606–7]. Sir Randal Mainwaring the younger has obtained a grant from the King of a common or waste called Ravensmere and certain coal mines in the Forest of Macclesfield. The King has been misinformed as to the extent, the rentability and the ownership of this property. The common belongs to petitioner, certain other gentry and hundreds of tenants, borderers and commoners in the shire. The soil of the Forest is the inheritance of the Earl of Derby, although he is not aware of it, so that the grant is prejudicial to his interests also. There is every likelihood that the grant will breed much litigation, and a great deal of money has already been spent on legal proceedings concerning the Forest. On behalf of himself and others whose interests are involved, petitioner requests that Salisbury revoke the privy seal or direct the Lord Chancellor to prevent it passing the Great Seal, until petitioner has summoned the interested parties and given them an opportunity to express their views of the grant and the inconveniences which could arise from it.—Undated.
½ p. (P. 934.)
[See H.M.C. Salisbury MSS, Vol. XIX, p. 7.]
Sir John Savage to the Earl of Salisbury.
[Before January 13, 1606–7]. Sir John Savage's petition is answered by Sir Randal Mainwaring.
Concerning the common called Ravensmere, of 400 acres, his ancestors have been accounted chief lords of it from time immemorial, and have received rents from enclosed parcels of the waste. Some 25 or 26 years ago, Francis Whitney procured a lease of the premises from the late Queen Elizabeth for 21 years. Mainwaring's father failed to persuade the local gentry to protect their interests in the common, and eventually he was forced to buy it from Whitney for the rest of the term of years. Later John Farnham, a gentleman pensioner of the late Queen, procured a fee farm of the premises and the advowson of Baddiley, which was also purchased by Mainwaring's father and conveyed in trust to Captain Edmond Mainwaring, his uncle.
Concerning the parcels of waste called Basilden, Clough and Gunn Carr, the late Queen granted the same with other parcels of waste to John Herbert and Andrew Palmer at the suit of Sir John Perrot in 1575. This property has since then come into the hands of Captain Mainwaring. In the new grant drawn up by the Attorney-General, the latter has surrendered to the King not only Ravensmere, but also the advowson of Baddiley and the three above-mentioned pieces of waste. In lieu whereof, the King regranted the premises to Sir Randal Mainwaring with liberty to dig for coal on the parcels of waste land and none other, the King to have the soil (since it belongs to him and not to the Earl of Derby) with all the woods. Sir Randal requests that the grant, having passed the privy seal, be sent to the Lord Chancellor to pass the Great Seal; or that a day be appointed to hear his counsel. He and his father have already disbursed £500 in this matter.—Undated.
1 p. (P. 426.)


  • 1. Sir Robert Clerk, Baron of the Exchequer died on January 1, 1606–7.