Cecil Papers: October 1605

Pages 30-32

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 24, Addenda, 1605-1668. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1976.

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October 1605

Bridget Hungerford to the King.
[Before October 10, 1605]. At the last Assizes held for Wiltshire she was indicted for recusancy, and she has heard that Lord Saye has been granted the benefit of her forfeiture. She is 70 years of age, and so feeble that for the past ten years she has not gone outside the garden adjoining her house. She has always led a quiet and peaceful life and never meddled in matters of religion—"a thinge well knowne to the late Queene". She has bestowed part of her property upon her children, and is not in a position to satisfy the expectation of Lord Saye. Since the late Queen allowed her to live according to her conscience, she requests that her way of life and worship shall not be interfered with.—Undated.
¾ p. (P. 49.)
[See H.M.C. Salisbury MSS. Vol. XVII, p. 451.]
Henry Smith to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, October 13. He asks for the wardship of Frances Smith, daughter and heiress of Esdras Smith, yeoman, of Norfolk, who died ten months ago. The estate is a poor one, and the deceased man's children depend for their maintenance on the small property which he had mortgaged, and which will have to be redeemed. Petitioner undertakes at his own cost to establish the King's claim to the wardship, to redeem the land and relieve the children.— October 13, 1605.
Note signed by Salisbury: "Let him resort to any two of the Counsaile of the Court whereof Mr Surveyor or Mr Atturney to be one, and if he can shew sufficient matter and procure an order, I will have consideration of him in the composition."
1 p. (P. 1041.)
Thomas Barham to the Privy Council.
[After October 19, 1605]. Formerly he kept two daughters, his heiresses, at school in London. William Dennis, late in the service of the defunct Countess of Warwick, tried to trap the elder into marrying him by persuading her to write her name on a blank sheet of paper, and then harassing her even to the point of having her imprisoned. As a result she became mentally distracted, fled from petitioner and concealed herself under disguise. Petitioner was called to answer for her, fined for her absence and forced to sign a bond for £1000 that she would not contract a marriage with any other person but Dennis. She returned to her home and recovered from her illness, until Dennis suddenly forced his attentions upon her once again. This caused a relapse in her condition from which she died. Recently, William Stuart, who attends the Duke, claimed that the bond had been forfeited to the late Queen Elizabeth on the grounds that his daughter had married contrary to its stipulations—a fact completely unknown to petitioner—and the bond had been presented to him by the King. Petitioner appeals to the Privy Council, on various grounds, to relieve him from having to discharge the bond.—Undated.
½ p. (P. 1194.)
[See Cal. S.P. Dom., 1603–10, p. 236. There are references to this case in Cal. S.P. Dom., 1585–97, p. 337 and H.M.C. Salisbury MSS, Vol. XIV, p. 109.]
Mustapha Bey to [? Maurice, Prince of Orange].
1605, October 24. The letter which the two merchants brought with them in the ship commanded by Captain Thomas afforded him much pleasure, which was further enhanced by the news of the Prince's success in his war of liberation against the King of Spain. The ship brought 38 Turkish subjects of the Sultan who had been freed by the Prince, and he would like to requite this act of friendship and in the same manner. He has therefore ordered that all subjects of the Sultan who detain Dutchmen should free them immediately, and a letter to that effect has been sent to Tunis, Tripoli and Barbary in general. He also gives an undertaking that in those parts subject to the Sultan, every assistance will be given to Dutch merchants visiting them and to Dutch warships engaged in the war against the Spanish King. The port authorities have been invited to render all possible help in the way of provisions and so on, and to see that justice is exercised whenever the need arises.—Arjel, October 24, 1605.
Spanish. 1 p. (206. 21.)
Thomas Yarnold to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, October 29. Thomas Guyse, of Oddingley, Worcestershire, married petitioner's sister and had two children by her. He was seised of a messuage and forty acres of land worth £6 annually, which he held of the King in capite. Both husband and wife are dead, and the children are young and have little means for their maintenance. He requests that he be given the wardship of the children.—October 29, 1605.
Note by Salisbury: "If there may be a warrant for finding an office and when it is returned, I will consyder further of it."
¾ p. (P. 1329.)
George Southwicke to the Earl of Salisbury.
[? After October 29, 1605]. He requests a pass for France, without which he is liable to be arrested upon his return from that country. He also asks for financial assistance in his journey.— Undated.
⅓ p. (P. 939.)
[See H.M.C. Salisbury MSS, Vol. XVII, pp. 469–70.]
The Tenants of Sir Everard Digby to the Earl of Salisbury.
[Before November, 1605]. They are resident at Tylton "maynteyninge to the number of 33 householders that lived only by tillage". The father and father-in-law of Sir Everard Digby extracted substantial sums of money from petitioners for leases which Sir Everard took from them after his father's death. He also took money from them in return for a promise of granting them leases. These, however, he did not issue but instead "forced them to inclose the towne allowinge to some not any thinge but theire bare howses (that held two yard land before), to some healf they had, to some scarce a third part". The result of these forced payments and enclosures is that they are impoverished and their livelihood threatened. Petitioners appeal that they be allowed to enjoy what they have paid for, and that the King instruct J.P.s of that county "that the towne of Tylton be brought into the same state as it was before Sir Everards cruell usage therof".—Undated.
½ p. (P. 2022.)
John Walker to the Earl of Salisbury.
[Before November, 1605]. For ten years he served as secretary to Robert Bowes, late ambassador to Scotland, and after his death he served Sir William Bowes. The faithfulness with which he carried out his duties, sometimes exposing himself to physical dangers, can be attested to by Sir William Bowes, Mr Nicholson and others. After the death of Queen Elizabeth and before the arrival of the King in England, he was clerk to the troops at Carlisle who had been sent there from Berwick to suppress incursions by the western borderers. When the garrison at Berwick was disbanded, his annuity of £30 was taken away from him, his arrears of pay amounting to £20 were passed over and his horse seized by outlaws. Since then he has been employed by Thomas Percy (fn. 1) to collect the rents of the Earl of Northumberland. He asks to be granted relief and release.—Undated.
Note by Salisbury: "I have no awthority to release men."
1 p. (P. 1469.)


  • 1. One of the principal conspirators of the Gunpowder Plot in November, 1605.