Cecil Papers: January 1598, 16-31

Pages 17-35

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 8, 1598. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1899.

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January 1598, 16–31

John Danyell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 16. As I told you “last week, going to your coach, O'Connor's brother, come of late from th' enemy, told me that Jaques intending (sic) to go for the North of Ireland, and to take with him thither as many of the Irish soldiers in the Low Countries and other places thereabouts as he can procure, and that he received of the Cardinal towards that service 1000 or 1500 crowns, the foresaid O'Connor's brother told me that one James Tobin, who served Sir William Stanley a long time, among others came from the enemy when the Cardinal came to raise the seige of Amians, and upon his coming to the French King, he hath done acceptable service, [and that] he is with the King and have a pension. To break Jaques from his purpose, and to bring my countrymen in disgrace with the Spaniard I do think it a good mean, if your Honor do allow of it, that your Honor do send for the said Tobin to come to you; and in using my name unto him, I doubt not but your Honor shall find him an honest man, and that he will set you down such a plot as shall bring the most part of my countrymen from Jaques, and keep those that are in France from going with him.” Next to the Queen, the foreign enemy and her Majesty's unnatural subjects there practise the death of Cecil's father and himself, and, now at his going into France, the writer's cousin, James White (who last year was to have come hither for that purpose), or other Irish or English at Dowya or elsewhere, may attempt to carry out their devilish purpose; and Tobin's presence then would be a protection. Protests his attachment to Cecil's father and himself and the Earl of Essex. Would readily, if he had apparel and means, accompany him to France.—16 Jan., 1597.
2 pp. (48. 100.)
Sir Walter Ralegh to the Lord Treasurer.
1597/8, Jan. 16. It has been thought fit that Sir Nicholas Parker should be made a deputy lieutenant of Cornwall, and Ralegh does “exceedingly well allow of the gentleman.” Recommends Mr. Barnarde Grenvile, late sheriff, son and heir to Sir Richard Grenvile, to be also admitted, because none of the deputies dwell in the North parts of Cornwall.—From Derum [Durham] House, 16 Jan.
Holograph. Endorsed :—1597.
1 p. (48. 101.)
Israel Amyce to Lord Burghley.
1597/8, Jan. 16. As to the sale of wood by John Thurgood, tenant of his Lordship's woods at Hoddesdon.—16 Jan., 1598.
Endorsed :—16 Jan., 1597.
1 p. (204. 64.)
Sir A. Ashley to Lord Cobham.
1597/8, Jan. 17. Blackmore has been with him and varies from his former confession, saying that Wiles sold him 500 diamonds for 180l., 400 of which he sold for 6s. apiece. Wiles promised to bring him bigger stones next day, but owing to the intervention of his (Blackmore's) neighbour, Glanvill, he could make no more dealings with Wiles. “The cutter is become a gallant with the pride of her Majesty's honorable largess, and sweareth by cotes sacre malt he will be her Majesty's faithful servant,” and can do better service in his profession (now his skilful old master is dead) than any other. He says How and his companions have called him knave for disclosing the secrecy of the piece that was cut off, and he replied that had he been a knave he might have disclosed how that they brake it off before it was fully cut, “fearing the stone might have been called for before the piece was clean cut off,” and so impaired the pendant above 100l. in the value. Also that in the cutting they destroyed two other stones worth 1,000l. because they would not “hazard so long stay about a thing that might turn to her Majesty's only benefit and not to their own.” Every one is satisfied and rewarded except the writer, who has lost money, credit, and some lands in her Majesty's service. In haste, 17 Jan., 1597.
“Wiles must needs be had, else G. My fellow Wade is married, Dominus exaudivit me et erexit cornua salutis mea.”
1 p. (48. 102.)
1597/8, Jan. 17. Arrangements for paying 1000 men in the West Country in 10 bands, viz. : at Portsmouth, 2 bands; at Weymouth, 1 band; at Dartmouth, 2 bands; at Plymouth, 3 bands; at Falmouth, 2 bands; each band 100 men, paid £20 3s. 4d. a week.—17 January, 1597.
Signed, William Meredith.
1 p. (58. 5.)
Jo. Philippes to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 18. Since Cecil pleases to accept of his services in this voyage, asks how he is to be employed. Would prefer it to be as secretary, but considering how many such are already in place has little hope of that.—18 Jan., 1597.
Addressed :—“Secretary, and Chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster.”
1 p. (48. 102b.)
S. Cocks to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 20. “My long sickness since my coming from sea hath hitherto detained me, otherwise I had not failed to have offered myself amongst the first to have followed your Honour in this noble journey.” Would like to accompany him, but, if he cannot be spared, is ready to serve him here. Expects answer by Mr. Slingsby.—20 Jan., '97.
Holograph. Endorsed :—Mr. Coxe. Seal.
1 p. (48. 103.)
Raffe Bossevile to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 20. I wrote lately to my lord your father for his furtherance “in re-delivering my own checkes, for my present relief in this my great afflictions which the Lord hath laid worthily upon me; and his lordship of his wonted honor ever showed to our poor house hath referred my suit unto the Council table,” promising his helping hand there. Begs for Cecil's help also. Mr. Maynard can declare further.—Salsburie Courte, 20 Jan., 1597.
Signed. Endorsed :—“Captain Bosvyll.”
1 p. (48. 104.)
Peace Negotiations.
1597/8, Jan. 20/30. Commission by Albert Cardinal, Archduke of Austria, to Jean Richardot, Chevalier, sieur de Berly and President of the King's Privy Council and Council of State, and Jean Baptist de Tassis, Chevalier, Commander of the Military Order of St. James, of the King's Councils of State and of War, associated with Loys Verreyton, Chevalier, Audiencer, First Secretary and Treasurer of the Charters of the Council of State, to treat with the French King's Deputies at Vervins, for a peace between Spain and France, in pursuance of a power (recited in Spanish), dated Sant Lorenço, 12 August, 1597, given by King Philip to the Cardinal, at the instance of the Pope.—Brussels, 30 Jan., 1598.
French. Copy of a copy certified by Richardot, Tassis, and Verrityon.
3 pp. (59. 31.)
Count Maurice of Nassau to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 21/31. Avails himself of M. Regemortes' journey to England to renew his expressions of friendship.—From the Hague, 31 Jan., 1598.
Signed. French.
½ p. (147. 133.)
Count Louis of Nassau to [The Earl of Essex].
1597/8, Jan. 21/31. Complimentary upon his appointment as Grand Marshal of England. Offers his services, of which Monsieur de Regemortes will assure him more amply by word of mouth.—La Haye, dernier jour de Januarius, 1598.
Holograph. French.
Endorsed :—“Count Lodovick, ult. Jan., '97, received by Monsr. Regemortes.”
1 p. (174. 128.)
Edward Suliarde to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 22. I beseech you pardon me that having received so special a hawk from you, I have not in all this time been so much as thankful for her. Let the unseasonable weather for hawking, I pray you, help to excuse me, being desirous with my hearty thanks to send also somewhat of her killing, that it may appear unto you that her goodness doth continue.—From Flemings, 22 January, 1597.
½ p. (30. 8.)
George Zolcher.
1591/2, Jan. 22. Licence to George Zolcher, servant to the Duke John Casimir, to export from the port of London 700 cloths, paying custom thereon as an English subject and not as a stranger; the Queen desiring thereby to confer on him a reward of 200l.—Westm., 22 Jan., 34 Eliz.
Sign Manual. Seal. Addressed to the Lord Treasurer.
1 p. (48. 105.)
Sir Thomas Fane to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 22. Has received his letter of the 19th inst. by his harbinger, Mr. Welles, and has taken order for sufficient shipping at reasonable rates to be in readiness for Cecil's horses and other provision. Has also sent horses from these parts to Canterbury lest the town should be unable to furnish his train. Will assist Mr. Welles to find convenient lodgings here.—Dover Castle, 22 Jan., 1597.
P.S.—Has received also this day Cecil's letter of the 16th, touching three hoys to be sent hither for conveyance of his horses and stuffs to Dieppe, but learns from Mr. Welles that Cecil has since taken order with the masters of the said hoys.
Signed. Endorsed :—“Lieutenant of Dover Castle.”
1 p. (48. 107.)
Sir Robert Crosse to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 22. “I have received your letter wherein you write that you would have a good ship to waft over your provision, for fear of Dunkerkers, which I could willingly yield unto upon your own letter, but I perceive by your man that the hoys must go first over to Deepe, and after to Roane, wherein there was not good advice given, for those provisions that should go for Roane would have been shipped by themselves and so have gone directly for that place, for when they be in Deepe they may be there a month or more before they shall get a wind to come out again, and then in as great danger of the Dunkerkers as before. And no ship can go into Deepe at this time, because it is nepe tides, and to ride without at this time of the year is not possible. Therefore I would wish the things might be sorted that you would have for Roane, and to be put in a bark by itself, and so may it be safely conveyed and ready to serve your Honour when you come over, otherwise you may be disappointed of them.”—From aboard her Majesty's good ship the Vanguard, in Dover Road, 25 Jan., 1597.
Endorsed with notes of times at which the post reached the several stages, viz. :—Despatched 4 p.m.; Canterbury, past 10 at night; Sittingbourne, past 1 in the morning; Rochester, past 3; Dartford, past 7; London, 23 Jan., past 10 in the morning.
1 p. (48. 108.)
Sir Robert Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 22. This day came in hither a ship wherein was a mariner of this town, who had been in the Spanish fleet. He was at Ferrol two months ago, and reports that the Adelantado by this time is either at sea or ready to put out with 80 sail. He thinks that this fleet is for the Terceras, to bring home the King's treasure which is there; but the next summer he doth assure that the King of Spain will set forth a fleet far greater than that was the last year, which he thinks will be to invade England once more. The St. Bartholomew, he saith, was cast away the last voyage and in her a million of treasure. All the other great ships, he saith, came safely back. There is an arrest in Spain of all ships till the treasure which is at the Terceras be returned.—Flushing, 22 Jan., 1597.
1 p. (174. 109.)
Gio. Battista Giustiniano to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 23. Encloses a petition and begs that if it deserves to be heard he will call Corsini before him and persuade him to be satisfied so that the petition may not be seen by the Lords (i.e. of the Council). The contents of the petition are true, and Signor Horatio and Francesco Rizzo are witnesses to it. If Corsini refuse he begs Cecil's help.—London, 23 Jan.
Holograph. Endorsed :—1597. Italian.
1 p. (48. 109.)
William Lyllé to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 23. “My Lord, we have every day here advices from the frontiers that the enemy is assembled some 3000 and upwards in number, having ladders and all provision for escalade. Whereupon all the country here is in an extreme jealousy of the surprise of some frontier town; and the rather for that they see all the King's forces drawn from them, which show to march towards Bryttaigne, so as there is not in Bullen and Mountruel one soldier left in them, but subject to any gallant effort. What the mystery of this is I cannot imagine, being that we are assured that secret truces are between these kings, that Geure, one of the secretaries, some 6 days since passed Abbaville towards the Cardinal about the peace, that Mercury is not far from an accord (I saw letters myself which imported no less), unless the Spaniard have enterprise at home, and this king, weary of paying so many troops whereof the benefit cometh to certain particulars, desirous to discharge his country of that great plague often to nourish them, and his pay of such a burden, will harry them about the country as the best means, by continual travail, to break them. I gather an inutility of men upon this and an instance to th' other. The Count St. Paul, being paid for all his men at arms 14 months, paid the soldier but 4, and took the rest to himself, whereupon the gentleman is discontented, the most being such. The project for building at the Hurdels continueth. The King hath granted him what privileges he will and authority to raise such customs or impost as he list. The King hath bought this town of Madame de Nevers (for him as it is thought) the better to affect this intent. He hath sold to this end the best land he hath so as there is no doubt he will effect as much as he can. The country is infinitely angry at it in general, and those few of the Religion fear it will be to bridle them. Particularly Captain Fournier, 'convetinge' me amongst others amongst his cups, told me that this place was of great importance for all those of the Religion, for that it was strong of seat, and that he relieved many therein, that he would not permit so injurious a thing, and thought her Majesty would assist his opposition therein, she having in it, as he thought, some interest.”—St. Valery, 23 Jan., 1597.
2 pp. (48. 110.)
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 23. Supposing that Mr. Attorney and other officers of the Duchy will attend you this first day of the term, I beg you to order them to “make a particular” of all leases I hold of the Duchy, against your return from France, when they may be renewed to me if it be thought good. Scribbled in haste at the Parliament House, 23 Jan., 1597.
Holograph. Addressed :—“Chancellor of the Duchy.”
1 p. (48. 111.)
Peter Proby to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 23. Having more knowledge than others of the matter of the lease to Kyrkham for 317l. 15s. 4d. of 40 years, because he is a tenant of part of it and was commanded by the Queen, Lord Treasurer, Lord Chief Justice, and Mr. Attorney more than a year ago, gives several reasons why the bill should be passed in its present form, in spite of any objection Mr. Carill may make. Desires Cecil to forward it.—23 Jan., 1597.
Addressed :—“Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.”
1 p. (48. 112.)
William Selby to Lord Burghley.
1597/8, Jan. 23. Sir William Bowes, the Queen's Commissioner, and Mr. John Carey, Governor of Berwick, urged him to take the keeping of Sir Walter Scott, laird of Bauclughe, saying it should be but for a short time. Protested his own and the town's unfitness for keeping any such; but they prevailed, and “he hath continued with me these 4 months, and is both very chargeable and troublesome unto me, for myself can never be from him, which is loss unto me concerning my businesses and very hurtful for my health.” Begs release and compensation.—Berwick, 23 Jan., 1597.
Signed. Seal.
1 p. (48. 114.)
Thomas Hockon and John Puthe.
1597/8, Jan. 13/23. Passport given by Gonsalo Vaz Coutinho, Governor of the Isle of St. Michael for King Philip, to Thomas Hockon and John Puthe, soldiers of the English Armada under the Earl of Essex which last year came to the Island.—23 Jan., at Ponta Delgado, 1598.
Signed. Portuguese.
Endorsed :—“This bearer landed here at Dover, 17 Feb., 1597. William Leonard, maior.”
1 p. (59. 12.)
Th. Lyly to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 23. I dare not, in your Ho. affairs, intrude for access, but, encouraged by Beeston, I humbly entreat you to leave a few lines in case I should need to deliver a petition in your absence. I pray for your prosperous return.—Jan. 23, 1597.
½ p. (59. 13.)
Sir Horatio Palavicino to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 24. If in the hurry of departure you have time to write, I beg you to write a letter in my favour to the Lord Chief Justice, that since false reports have been spread of me in this province, he may maintain me against my adversaries. Please give the letter to Giustiniano. The business arises out of a new contest with my tenant, Mr. Taylour's nephew, who refuses to pay my rent and leave his farm, having it only until Lady Day, in March. Again I pray God for your prosperous voyage.—Baburham, 24 Jan., 1597.
Italian. Holograph. Seal.
1 p. (48. 115.)
Sir Thomas Fane to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 25. I have received your letter of the 23rd by post mentioning “the alteration of your resolution for the sending of your provisions from Diepe to Roane by water, being advised to send them rather by land.” I had already heard it from the masters of the hoys hired to carry the provisions, and, as I wrote in my last, in answer to your two former letters, I will do all in my power. Your letter for the Governor of Dieppe I delivered to Mr. John Wells.—Dover Castle, 25 Jan., 1597.
Signed. Endorsed :—“Lieutenant of Dover Castle.”
1 p. (48. 116.)
Sir R. Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 25. There is not here at this time anything worth writing. The Cardinal remains still in want of money, and the States know not what to resolve upon till they see what this negociation of peace will bring forth. I do not think that their deputies are yet put to sea, at the least here is no news of their departure. The King of France sent one lately to hasten them away, and Monsr. de Buzemval also. If they can persuade the King of France and her Majesty to continue the war, it is that which they most desire. If they cannot, yet surely they will go on and once more, of themselves, sustain the weight of the King of Spain's forces. But I trust her Majesty will not forsake them, nor enter into a peace with him of whom she can expect no faith. I know your Lordship doth not need any discourse of mine, and therefore seeing I have no public matter to present unto your Lordship I will discharge the trust that is reposed in me, which is to witness unto you the continuance of Sir Matthew Morgan's service and devotion unto your Lordship, and truly I dare say but for me he would not have been this long from attending upon your Lordship, but he sees me here almost alone and therefore will not abandon me. I most humbly beseech your Lordship that this absence of his may not prejudice him anything in your favour. I need not speak of his worth for your Lordship can better judge of it than myself, but truly here he hath won himself much love and estimation. And the place where he hath lived hath not any way detracted from his affection unto your service. For if there be any place where your Lordship's commandments shall be willingly received and obeyed it is in this town.—Flushing, 25 Jan., 1597.
2 pp. (174. 113.)
The Governor of Dieppe to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 27./Feb. 6. J'envoye ce porteur expres en Angleterre pour recouvrer quelques bons cannoniers pour servir a quelques vesseaux que le Roi m'a commandé de luy faire equiper icy pour les conduire et s'en servir en son armée de Bretaigne, vous suppliant bien humblement, monsieur, luy donner permission pour les faire sortir et le vouloir assister de votre faveur en ce qu'il en aura besoing pour ce subject. Le Roi faict estat de partir Jeudy ou Vendredy de Paris pour sen aller a Fontaynebleau, ou il pourra sejourner quelques jours pour attendre Messieurs les Ambassadeurs. Sy le vent ne les ameyne bientost je croy qu'il faudra qu'ilz l'aillent chercher plus loing, dautant que sa Majesté est fort pressee de partir pour son voiage de Bretaigne. Nous avons avis que Domp Cesare a este contrainct par le pape de quitter et sortir de Ferrare, ayant este abandonne des siens. Il ne se passe autre chose icy qui merite vous escrire.—A Dieppe, ce vje Febvrier, 1598.
1 p. (49. 27.)
Sir Matthew Morgan to the [Earl of Essex].
1597/8, Jan. 27. I wish my fortunes only so good as to be employed hence by your Lordship. I am with one that I both love and honour, yet can I not hold it but a mere imprisonment and abridging of better fortunes to me which I must seek to prevent. I cannot be doubtful of your honourable disposition to such as have deserved of you, whereof I have unfeignedly been one. You may sufficiently judge of my estate in general, and of a poor gentleman's, my brother's, who hath not had other means but from me to show his services to you. He writes me of some companies that shall stand in England, and their captains like to be returned to their charges here. It may please you to give him one of those companies, or give him your passport, with what recommendations you think him worthy of, either to the King of France or to some other prince. I would not seem troublesome, but can assure you that it cannot be worse with me anywhere than as I am. I beseech that I may have word whether it be your pleasure that I shall attend you. I only stay the expectation of some service here, which being effected or dissolved, I will not fail to give my attendance on your Lordship. The commissioners from Holland have our “imbassad.” Some 3 days since the soldiers of a fort called “Pasyenc” gave their place in guard to the enemy, but it is not of very great import. It lies right over against this town on the Flanders side, and was given in the like manner to the States. My lord Governor escaped very well that had been to see it some 3 days before, and was in their fort.—27 January.
Endorsed :—“Sir Matthew Morgan, 27 Jan., 1597.”
2 pp. (174. 114.)
Richard Houghton to the Queen.
1597/8, Jan. 27. The mansion house and buildings of the manor of Hanslape and Castlethroppe, Bucks, of which he is now tenant, have fallen into ruin, and the hospitality thereof to the poor utterly decayed. Prays for lease in reversion of the manor, he giving security for building such a house and maintaining such hospitality as shall be assigned.
Note by J. Herbert that the Queen grants the petition.—At Whitehall, 27 Jan., 1597.
1 p. (1081.)
Court of Wards.
1597/8, Jan. 27. State of the cause in the Court of Wards between Hugh Loggins and Sibill, his wife, Committees of William Welden, the Queen's ward, against John Bird and John Newton.
Endorsed :—27 Jan., 1597.
Export of Ordnance.
1597/8, Jan. 28. Warrant to Lord Burghley for Mons. de Caron, agent of the States General of the Low Countries, to transport 20 demi culverins of cast iron into Holland and Zealand without paying any extra ordinary custom or the new imposition.—Under the Privy Signet, Westminster Palace, 28 January, 40 Eliz.
Endorsed :—“26 April, 1598. Letters written to the Officers of the Port of Chichester and Lewes for the transportation of these 20 pieces and 5 others that were broken upon trial, being parcel of those 70 granted by a former warrant of the 9th of April, 1597.”
Sign Manual. Seal.
1 p. (49. 2.)
Serjeant John Hele to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 28. I have a neighbour that is a captain of that division where I dwell, one Mr. Champernoune, that triumphs over me as an enemy in assessing and taxing me and my son for horse and other things touching the wars; things for the value I esteem not, I have been and am as willing and ready as any, and so provided. Be pleased to write to the Earl of Bath, Lieutenant-General of our country, to impose upon me and my son what he thinks fit, and to be under his commandment or of his deputy-lieutenant, for I hold not Mr. Champernoune an indifferent man to censure me.—28 January, 1597.
Signed. Seal.
½ p. (49. 3.)
Bridget Countess Dowager of Bedford to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 29. That you so kindly accept of Francis Norris in this journey [to France] I hold as an exceeding favour, and wholly commend him to your wise protection, nothing doubting your continuing favours for supplying his young experience with your grave advice.—Whitefriars, this 29 of January, 1597.
Signed. Seal.
½ p. (49. 1.)
Sir Thomas Fane, Lieutenant of Dover Castle, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 29. Mr. Wells, your harbinger, took shipping yesternight, and is, in the opinion of all the mariners, at Dieppe before this time. Your horses, with your provision, were embarked on Friday last, and be this day about 3 of the clock in the afternoon under sail with a good wind, so as it is to be hoped they will be at Dieppe to-morrow by 12 of the clock. Concerning the States, it is generally held here, both by such as lately came from those parts as also by such as have best observed the passing by of shipping to the southward, that they be not as yet passed by. My lord of Cumberland's fleet passed by here on their voyage on Thursday last.
Mr. Hills' shipping of London, appointed for the transporting of soldiers out of France into Ireland, departed this road yesterday about 3 of the clock in the afternoon for Dieppe. I have caused your letters unto Sir Robert Crosse to be delivered unto him, being here in Dover town, as soon as I received the same about 3 of the clock in the afternoon; who knoweth [not] whether the States' be passed or not.—Dover Castle, this 29th of January, 1597.
Signed. Seal.
1 p. (49. 5.)
Sir Robert Crosse to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 29. Received his letters dated the 28th of this present the 29th thereof, before which he had a careful regard to signify the departure of the States' [ships] into France, and so divers times sent out pinnaces to ply off at sea for diligent enquiry thereof of all Hollanders they met. Hitherto has no assured news, but purposes to write to Cecil by a running post when he knows they are passed by, which could not be before last night, since which time no pinnace is returned. This day sent one of her Majesty's ships to convoy Cecil's horses and provision to Dieppe, where he trusts they will speedily and safely arrive.—From aboard her Majesty's ship the Vanguard, 29th of January, 1597.
Endorsed :—“Haste, haste, post haste, haste, Robt. Crosse. At Dover at 7 o'clock at night; Canterbury, past 10 aclock at night; at Sittingbourne at 1 aclock in the morning; Rochester, the 30th day at 3 aclock in the morning; Dartford, the 30th of Jan., at half hour past 6 in the morning; London the 30th day, at 10 in the morning.”
Holograph. Seal.
1 p. (49. 6.)
Sir Robert Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 29. The deputies of the States that should go into France are yet in Holland expecting a good wind, otherwise they are ready to embark. The Cardinal is at Brussels, where I do not hear that he doth any great matters, neither as yet have his men of war received any payment. All the world on that side look for peace, and speak as confidently of it as if it were already concluded. They speak as they would have it, but for this side I think nothing but an extreme necessity, and such as will leave no other choice, will bring them that govern to hearken unto any. Neither do I think that any is so bold as to propose unto them to enter into any treaty. Touching the Cardinal's marriage, here come copies of answers of the particular provinces to the letters of the King and the Prince about that subject, and all agree in assenting unto it, but desiring withal that they may be still furnished with means out of Spain if a peace be not concluded of. And out of Spain here is no more than I wrote in my last. An army there is surely there in providing, and such as cannot be but to our cost, except that our reasons this year can prove of more force than they did the year '88. I pray God to bless all her Majesty's proceedings, wherein also I cannot but pray for your Lordship's well doing since you have so great a part in all her actions.—Flushing, 29 Jan., 1597.
2 pp. (174. 115.)
Sir Robert Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. 29. The great testimonies of favour which you give me in your letter unto me by Boord, my servant, makes me bold to believe that this letter also may be read by you. I give you very humble thanks for the favour it pleases you to promise me, to procure me to be made a Baron this Parliament, and since you think you shall be able to compass it, I beseech you to go forwards with it, notwithstanding in such sort as you remain free to me still for the Vice-chamberlainship, except you see that the other be effected. For I have been made to know that her Majesty has sundry times said that she reserved that place for me. Besides, it has been written to me that you openly professed that you would stand for me against all men. Besides, it was written to me that Sir Walter Ralegh should affirm to you that he would look for it no more since he found the Queen's inclination settled to bestow it upon me. I prefer the Barony before the other, but would be loath with levelling at so many marks to hit none. I believe, as you say, that Mr. Secretary would be content to be rid of my competition with some of his friends : for I do not only believe that he prefers others in his affection before me, but that he does not, for all his fair words unto me, affect me at all. If therefore he could take advantage with making the Queen see that, desiring a Barony, I do not look after the other place, and thereby get a promise for another, or distaste her Majesty of me, he would both put me besides this, and afterwards do as much, I fear, in the Barony. For therein hath he friends for whose sake he would oppose himself unto me, as first my Lord Cobham, who being my known adversary would be loath to see me hold the same rank as he doth in Kent : and next Sir Edward Wotton, to whom I understand he has promised to cause him to be made a Baron : and my Lord St. Burgoing standing to be restored, I fear the Queen will think it too much to make at once so many in one shire. Do not so demand the one for me as that, till you be sure of it, you do not abandon the other. For whatsoever you say for me must bind me, since the world knows that I only (after the Queen) rely upon you. Touching my coming over, I will wait upon you as soon as they be gone who seek to keep the doors upon me.—Flushing, 29 Jan., 1597.
3 pp. (174. 116.)
Sir Robert Crosse to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. 30. His horses and provision put to sea the 29th of this present. The wind so served for most part of the same night as they had almost attained the coast of France. The wind came contrary at three o'clock this morning, whereby they were forced back into Dover pier, where they are all in safety and must keep their horses aboard, both to avoid the danger by unshipping and shipping them again, as also to be the more ready for the next fair wind. Can get here no news of the States' departure, but has still pinnaces off at sea to be assured thereof; Cecil shall be very speedily advertised when he knows the same.—Dover, the 30th of January, 1597.
Holograph. Seal, broken.
1 p. (49. 7.)
William Lylle to the Earl of Essex.
1597/8, Jan. On Saturday last, the Count St. Paul arrived here and went to the Hurdels, a place where the shipping that is for Some lie; the same he viewed, and the shipping. He made shew at the first that it was for embarking of soldiers for Brittany; but since we are assured that it was only to know the same place where the Duke de Nevers had determined in his life to make a town, which now the King will effect. This day in the morning, the King's engineer came hither, and went thither with the plot of the town and fortresses that there shall be made, and that in all speed. The Count assured them here that he would return very shortly, and by the governor of the town commanded the townsmen to have corn ready if need were for victualling ships. We suppose hereupon that he meaneth to embark here some cannon and some companies of foot. He hath already made some march from these parts by land, and in his discourses to the Colonel and me, he said the King had already advanced divers companies towards Orleans, to march towards Brittany, and thence many should go by water, and would send others by Normandy, and so by sea; that the King would presently set on Nantes, and would carry it in four months, and so consequently have all the country very shortly in his obedience, and founded this assurance upon the weakness of the Spaniard, that he had neither men nor money, and was assured that he could not be relieved in either. I told him that while the King was busied in Brittany, the Spaniard would have some town on the frontiers here. He alleged his former reason for answer of the possibility thereof. Then I replied that it was easy now to have a peace, a thing much desired in France. He told me that that was true, and that it was more than needful, yet that the enemy desired it more than they, and that his losses had lately been such, and all the country so discontented, that he kept his people in order by the hope and assurance of peace; and that the King would make none but such as should be very honourable for him and France, and then no doubt he would as a thing most needful. The Count is looked to return hither within 3 days, and to make full shew of his intents, which is all this barren and remote place will afford, no man daring to come hither from Paris, the ways are so full of soldiers and robbers.— [P.S.] Shipping in all places of Normandy is provided, and it is said here that the Admiral and le Commandeur la Chaste shall have the leading of the army naval.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Received January, 1597.”
pp. (49. 8.)
Herbert Croft to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. I have even now written unto my lord [Burghley] to beg a ward of him, which is the heir of one Phettiplace, of Cown Allens, in the County of Gloucester. If you will vouchsafe two or three lines from yourself to his lordship in my behalf I will acknowledge it as an especial favour. I forgot to advertise my lord that the ward is my wife's kinsman, which may be a good motive, if it please you to remember it in your letter.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1597, January.” Seal, broken.
½ p. (49. 9.)
Thomas Arundel to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. Your former favours have bound me unto you; proceed now and make me able to discharge that band; which ability, seeing my misfortune denieth me at land, I hope to find at sea. Charity saith, Declina a malo et fac bonum; the former part you have sufficiently performed towards me whom your justice hath kept from the wrongs of malice; there remaineth a licence to be procured for my going to sea which is the only fac bonum that at this present you may do for me. So shall you make your charity opus perfectum. But knowing that the public place you hold will not allow you to undertake but what your judgment shall find reasonable, I will set down some such reasons as seem probable to me. 1. It hath been ever a policy among princes to work their own good out of all sorts of men by employing every man to what he is most fit. From me there can no good be expected by keeping me at home in disgrace, but if I went to sea (especially seeing the art of navigation and the mathematics have been the chiefest part of my studies) it is not unlikely but I should effect as much as some other. 2. If I be a true subject I shall be able to do more good employed than idle; if I be treacherous I shall be able to do less hurt abroad than at home. 3. If I get the wealth I expect, the wealth and I are both to return into her Majesty's power; if I die in the attempt or return prostrate, her Majesty loseth nothing she careth for. 4. To deny me that leave which is granted to all from the greatest earls to the meanest serving men were to shew a weak cause less fear, and stands not with the dignity of so mighty a prince or so wise a council. 5. As for that idle objection of flying my country, I answer that if I had such intention I would ask no leave; and who hath stayed me hitherto? Many more and many better reasons can yourself deliver, and grace in the delivery if so you will. Being more than weary of long disgraces, I crave your aid in offering up to her Majesty my humble prayer for the restitution of former favour, and my ever ready goodwill to do her the best service that in me lies. But if neither submissive prayer nor conformableness to all her commands be means sufficient to restore me to the favour which my very soul desires, then do I entreat that I may act this last scene of my life against her greatest enemies, that either dying I may end my griefs or living bathe me in Spanish blood, the best witness of my innocency. And to the end the world may see how highly I prize the grace and sight of my sovereign, I am contented never more to importune that sight till I have at mine own charges and with the adventure of my life brought into England either a carrack or the worth of a carrack. And as I know that this my offer is not small, so I hope you think I would not bind myself upon so hard conditions were I not assured of the accomplishment.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1597, Jan.” Seal.
2 pp. (49. 11.)
Elizabeth Dowager Lady Russell to Sir Robert Cecil, her nephew.
1597/8, Jan. With bleared eyes and addle head by rhume the poor weak widow sendeth you her best and heartiest thanks for your kindness this day in the bill of the hundred of Braynhurst touching hue and cry, for which you are like to have no other reward but the prayers of the poor which pierceth heaven, whereof two of the three you named have no small need I believe. Again I humbly thank you in my cousin Richard Lea's name for your favour, as he saith, yesterday shewed in Thomas Lea's accusations, for which he-hath entreated me to certify you in token of his thankful mind that if his service may stand you in any stead you shall command his service to wait upon you this journey. [P.S.] I will thank Sir W. Raleigh for his 'applawsus' when I see him. I have sent to my Lord Treasurer for his furtherance in the Upper House, as also to my Lord Keeper and Chandos, whose man of late hardly escaped robbing there.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“January, 1597.”
1 p. (49. 13.)
George, Earl of Cumberland to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. This bearer Am. Birch telleth me you are desirous to know whether he [can] go with me to sea or no. I have known him long to be both valiant and honest, and if it be no hindrance to his preferment I shall be glad of him. He did, as you know, a good service in bringing in the ship to Dartmouth, and if you will be a mean to get him some reward for it, it will encourage others to do the best they can hereafter. A speedy despatch, though it be with the less, will best content him, whose life is only to be at sea, and upon the shore in a short time will spend more than his reward will come to.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Jan. 1597.” Seal.
½ p. (49. 14.)
Bridget Countess Dowager of Bedford to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. I pray accept of a widow's mite accompanied with all good wishes. I have great presumptions that Fr[ancis] Norris hath been wronged by reports, but the truth of them I commit to time's discovery. All things are now in good state, which by your wisdom shall so continue, and I doubt not but you shall find your nephew full of respect and honesty.
Endorsed :—“1597, Jan., Countess of Bedford Dowager to my master with a new year's gift.”
Holograph. Two seals over green silk.
1 p. (49. 15.)
Captain John Shute to Sir Robert Cecil.
1597/8, Jan. Thanks for Cecil's late letter to the Bishop of Winchester in his behalf at the request of Sir John Stanhope, signifying to the Bishop her Majesty's good pleasure touching the little stipend out of the Bishopric of Winchester. His son, as soon as his Lordship arrived, went to him and presented the letter; he took it, and having considered it, answered he neither would nor could pay quarterly. In very deed, if he were a man of living, were the stipend five times as much as it is, would rather acquit it than at the change of every Bishop thus trouble her Majesty and his very honourable and worshipful good friends.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“January, 1597.” Seal.
½ p. (49. 16.)
18804. c
Naval Expedition.
1597/8, Jan. “The proportion of powder for the furnishing of her Majesty's ships in this last voyage, 1597.”
The charge of powder, 53 lasts 6 cwt.; the waste, 28 lasts 17 cwt.; the remain, 24 lasts 13 cwt.
Endorsed :—“1597, Jan.”
¼ p. (49. 17.)
Playing Cards.
1597/8, Jan. “A remembrance concerning cards.” My suit is that his Honour vouchsafe me his furtherance in a small matter that will be moved by some friends of mine at the committee this afternoon of continuance of statutes. There is a statute, 3 Edw. IV, wherein many foreign wares are forbidden to be brought into the realm, amongst which are playing cards; whether [it] be determined or no, in respect the statute was to continue 'during the King our sovereign lord's pleasure,' I doubt yes.
A statute of 27 Eliz. doth continue the forbidding many of the wares in the former statute prohibited, but playing cards are not in it, because then neither myself nor any other followed the matter to have help by the said statute, in respect I was then persuaded the former statute was in force. My suit is that playing cards may be added in this latter statute of 27 Eliz. amongst the other forbidden wares. The rather that since I have had my grant from her Majesty of playing cards I have to my charge set many Englishmen on work and caused them to be instructed in the art of making cards, who now make them as well or better than strangers; and there be so many of the trade as be sufficient to make as many cards as are used within all her Majesty's dominions. By me 200 persons are maintained at least only by this trade who would all beg were it not for my grant and the help of this statute. By the making of cards here these are not only maintained, being all Englishmen, but a great mass of money is kept within the realm that was wont to be carried out for buying and bringing cards from beyond seas.
Endorsed :—“1597, Jan.”
1 p. (49. 18.)
An Ecclesiastical Bill.
1597/8, Jan. “Contents of an Ecclesiastical Bill agreed on in the Convocation House.” This bill containeth your Majesty's royal assent to certain ecclesiastical constitutions, lately agreed upon in the Convocation House by the Archbishop, Bishops, and Clergy, concerning the ordering of fees in ecclesiastical courts; the restraining of pluralities; for residence and maintenance of hospitality; preaching in cathedral churches; concerning greater care to be had in granting licences for marriages and in giving sentences of separation and divorce than heretofore; touching pronouncing of sentences of excommunication; concerning the excommunication of recusants; touching restraint of commutations of penance; touching restraint of apparitors; touching the diligent keeping of the church books for christening, burial, and marriage; and concerning the ordering and admitting of sufficient ministers to orders and benefices.—Edw. Coke.
Underwritten :—And is done upon direction given unto me by the L. Archbishop of Canterbury in that behalf.—Jo. Cantuar (sic).
I have read and perused these constitutions and I think if they shall be well executed the church shall be well ordered.—W. Burghley.
I am of the same opinion.—T. Buckhurst.
Exam. per Edw. Coke.
Copy. Endorsed :—“1597, Jan.”
¼ p. (49. 19.)
Richard Neile to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1597/8, Jan.] I would venture to ask to be permitted as one in the train of your followers in your mission to France. My attendance upon my Lord your father will afford me this liberty, my waiting-quarter being now expired, and Mr. Thompson come up to wait. I think Mr. Meredith would gladly accept of my fellowship in this travel.
Holograph. Undated.
1 p. (58. 36.)
Lord Sheffield to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1597/8, Jan. or Feb.] I am obliged to you for perfecting my Court business in my absence. Since my coming home I have been very sick, and cannot come up as you wish. I am loath the Queen should know this, because she is subject to take exception to my habit of body, and would ask you to let her know that in my journey I fell and bruised my “ledge” [? legs]. I house this summer, but will attend her despatch. P.S.—I wish you all success in your journey, and am sorry not to see you before you start. Let me know how to despatch to you.
Holograph. Undated.
1 p. (58. 56.)
Sir Anthony Poulett to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1597/8, Jan.] I am sorry my health is so bad that I cannot make offer of my service unto you for your honourable journey into France. But I have a boy brought up from his cradle under Lord Norreys that hath some French, whom if you would vouchsafe for your page I would think myself very happy.
Holograph. Undated.
Endorsed :—“1597, Sir Anthony Paylet.”
(204. 62.)