Cecil Papers: November 1598, 1-15

Pages 419-440

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 8, 1598. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1899.

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November 1598, 1–15

Jo. Benet to Mr. Reynolds, Secretary to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 1. Sends salutations by the bearer. Acknowledges the favours Reynolds shewed him at his being there, and offers services—York, 1 Nov., 1598.
½ p. (65. 33.)
Thomas [Bilson], Bishop of Winchester, to Lord North, Treasurer of the Household, and Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 1. Cecil writes to be certified how Mr. William Stafford, committed to the Bishop by the Queen's order, conforms himself. Stafford seems nothing less than to doubt of religion now established by the Queen's laws. His desire is to go to one of the Universities, and it were not amiss that he should do so, for the better conceiving of those things which he has not yet laboured in, as for the enabling himself to go forward in the study of divinity and undertaking the place which he earnestly affects; to which he should not be admitted till he has renounced his former licentious course; that the adversary take no advantage of his sudden conversion.—Winchester, 1 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 35.)
Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 1. Recommends Captain Best for a company now for Ireland.—Grays Inn, 1 Nov.
Holograph. Endorsed :—'98.
1 p. (65. 35.)
G. Farnabie, Mayor of Newcastle, and others, to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 1 Complain of the troubles procured them by Henry Sanderson and his associates, touching the barring of the transportation of sea coals, or the imposition of such a tax as would impoverish the whole town. An alderman of the town, Henry Chapman, shall deliver such reasons as they have heretofore exhibited on a like occasion to the Council : wherein they entreat Essex to be informed, and to continue their good lord and patron. —Newcastle, 1 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 36.)
Sir John Stanhope to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 3. I have been reading Mr. Edmonds' letter and yours to her Majesty, the which came not to my hands till 6 o'clock, for I was all the afternoon with her Majesty at my book. And then thinking to rest me, went in again with your letter. She was pleased with the philosopher's stone, and has been all this day reasonably quiet, and has heard at large the discourse of the calamities of Kerry expressed by Sir Edward Denye in very lamentable sort, where he has lost houses, ground, corn, cattle, and all his stud of horses, and swears a revenge, to the which the Queen has hearted him with promises of employment. Of all the French news, I do not find any great apprehension taken, save of the procuring of the marriage at Rome betwixt the K. and his Mrs., the which how it can sound well in a religious prince's ears you can judge. The Queen says the ambassador gave her this letter yesterday from the French King, which imports some complaints against her subjects. She opened it but read it not, but wishes you to confer with my Lord Admiral about it, and to show it him, but to take heed you lose not the seal of it, which will scarce stick on. It were good some councillors were sent hither, for this Court has not had any one this day. Mr. Grevell is absent, and I am tied so as I cannot stir, but shall be the worse for it these two days. Yesternight my Lord of Cumberland was with her after supper, then my Lord Graye and the Earl of Rut [land], with divers, all night till 12 o'clock.—3 Nov.
Endorsed :—1598.
1 p. (65. 37.)
William Lord Compton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 3. I delivered you a petition concerning passing certain lands in exchange from her Majesty. The proceeding in it is crossed by your father's death. I pray you command some of yours to look it up.—Undated.
Endorsed :—“3 Nov., 1598. L. Compton.”
½ p. (65. 38.)
John Danyell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 3. Here in the Marshalsea is one Tipper of Kildare, committed by the Council for unfit speeches. Tipper is an agent for the gentlemen of that county, and a suitor for £2,300 due to them. Tipper states that this money was received by Lord Burghley, to pay to the said gentlemen as soon as he received the Lords Justices' certificate. Tipper has not brought the certificate, but certain other testimonies, described. Some of Tipper's countrymen are in hand with him to buy his testimonies and letter of attorney for £800, but he will not take less than £1,200. Offers to negotiate privately with Tipper to receive £800 for the documents. Describes his own miserable state since Cecil procured the £100 fine for him. Prays for some help from the Queen for Thomas Geffrey's ransom.—The Marshalsea, 3 Nov., 1598.
2 pp. (65. 39.)
Edward Coke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 3. I have sent you the indictment which I have drawn against Squier, which for the form is, by the opinion of the principal judges, according to law. But yet, what is convenient to be inserted and what omitted, it is my part to be directed by those that are able to give direction in so great causes. Albeit the whole composition of it do, as seemeth to me, tacite set forth the whole manner of the contriving of it to be not by P. Walpoole alone. I pray you remember the commissioner's name for the proceeding herein.—From the Temple, 3 Nov., 1598.
Endorsed : “Mr. Attorney.”
1 p. (65. 40.)
Ed. Lord Cromwell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 3. Prays for employment under the Earl of Essex in Ireland, in order to re-advance the estate of his now decaying house. Has spent a good portion of his time in the wars, as well of that country as of other places.—Hakney, 3 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 41.)
William Medeley to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 3. Was bred up under Lord Burghley, being thereto preferred by Lady Burghley : whereby, as well during his daily attendance, as in his other late dependency, he has received divers favours. But now, since there has befallen amongst Lord Burghley's followers “that lamentable dispersion which I grieve to remember,” he prays for Cecil's favour, and for employment. —Westminster, 3 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 42.)
Sir Oliver Lambert to the Earl Marshal of England [Essex].
1598, Nov. 3. Notice has just come to him of the great likelihood of Essex preparing for Ireland. Will be ready to attend his fortunes which way soever they bend, and will wait upon him within 6 days.—Southampton, 3 Nov.
Endorsed : “1598. Sir Oliver Lambard.'
1 p. (65. 43.)
Susan Morgan to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 3. Craving pardon. If your lordship take not some good order with your officers, that her Highness's poor tenants and your lordship's may not be oppressed as they are, if it be continued but one half year longer, they and all their “famyne” will go abegging and, as a number of them doth go already, and not able to pay her Highness rent. A many of them hath been forced, threatened, some by fair means some by foul, to give up their good old leases, and to pay for their new leases more fines than they were able; and for writing of a little lease in parchment or paper they paid ten shillings apiece. As many as kept their old leases they were fain to take new and pay ten shillings apiece, and in taking of the new they encumber themselves that they are utterly undone. Then his cow that gives milk to his children is gone, and his horse that goes the plough he never sees again. They have put in their leases they shall answer every fortnight in every court they keep, which courts were never wont to be kept but twice a year. If they do not answer in the Courts every fortnight they are to be 'merced. Then James Reade, being your lordship's steward, and his officers will go into their houses and take their pots or pans. If they let them not, they will beat them until the blood follows, and if they make a rescue they shall be indicted and fined, that the poor souls say they had rather die than live to be made bond slaves to them. Moreover there is in their leases that if any of them die that takes any part of the ground to find him and his company, and because of that they will take up heriots and some of her Highness' rent is 'rered, and capons set in all their new leases and none in the old. One of the tenants did set his ground to the thirds not being able to occupy it, and afterward discharged him his year being out. The man went to another man's house and there died, and left his poor wife and five children but a cow to give them milk. James Read and his officers by force took away this cow and left her children and herself ready to starve. He begs for sheep or kine or “moubyl,” and if any man deny him, he will threaten him to go into Ireland, or that your Honour shall understand it, so that every man gives him for fear. His bailiffs likewise beg of them, and if they may not have, they threaten him with their master, so they must needs give. When the gifts have been given, those bailiffs are put away, and the new must have likewise as they had. He terrifies the people with saying that he is your lordship's steward and musterman. He was wont to take bribes of alemen, to bring people to consume themselves. Here was a man of four score years and ten and blind. He was threatened for certain lands, carried to Laugharne and there brought to abate, till he was fain to give a piece of money. This bribery and extortion is to maintain his lewd life. He had 700 marks in marriage with my sister, and now he hath married a Caren of three score years of age. Captain Jenkynes and Mr. Preddy, being Justice of the peace, gave him the Caren in marriage, knowing my sister was married. She hath consumed all her goods. The law was followed against him before my Lord President and my sister's marriage proved. He is sued before my lord Bishop, but he still delays the matter, saying that he is in her Highness's service. Most of those that wears your honour's cloth in this country is to have your honour's countenance and to be made sheriffs, lieutenants, stewards, subsidy men, searchers, sergeants on the sea, mustermen—everything is fish that comes to their net. When the last sheriffs were made, your lordship should come to your chamber and said, “Lord Meryke, I have made all the sheriffs thou would'st have me make in Wales save one.” So with their offices and brags they oppress all her Highness's poor subjects. When they are together about any bad matter they will say it is a shame for them all if they cannot make a jury, being the Earl of Essex's men, to serve their turns in Herefordshire, Brecknockshire, Carmarthenshire or Pembrokeshire. I have written nothing but the country shall prove, saving your honour's men and officers—From Whitland, the 3rd day of November, 1598.
pp. (177. 142.)
Sir Francis Vere to the Earl of Essex.
1598, [Shortly after Nov. 3]. Since my arrival here, which was on the 3 of this present, Mr. Gilpin and myself propounded unto the States her Majesty's pleasure concerning the reforming of the late ratification, and the giving better security for the £800,000. Whereunto they gave such answer as we doubt not will yield her Majesty full satisfaction, both in assenting to the demands and speedy accomplishment of the same. Of other matters I am so new here that I can write you very little. The enemy hath taken Dotecome, upon composition with small resistance. What his next attempt will be is uncertain, but we are persuaded that neither the incommodity of the season, which in these parts is great by reason of the “morishnes” [marshiness] of the ground, nor the want he suffers of victual, will make him leave the field yet. Our army moves from one strong quarter to another, and is now lodged betwixt Doesborghe and the river, where we hope they will both save themselves and that town, which otherwise were in great danger, and would be of no small use to the enemy.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—Nov., '98.
2 pp. (66. 21.)
P. de Regemortes to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 4. La conjointure presente de nostre estat et affaires d'iceluy me fournit du subject pour escrire a V. Excell. Tel qu'il est, et les comportements et advauncements de l'ennemy au pais de Cleves, et par ces advantages le progres sur nos quartiers, aures asses abondamment entendu par vos ordinaires correspondances. Je toucheray seulement en brief le point des remedes, auquel il fault penser qu'a l'advenant du mal, il y fault obvier et pourveoir en temps et en heure aux accidents qui apres seroyent incurables. Car selon la bresche que l'ennemy pourroit bien faire avec une armée comme la sienne, contre si peu de resistance, principalement en hyver et sur une grande gelée, quand tous les rivieres et marets [? marais] luy servent des ponts, qui en aultre saison nous sont forteresses, on trouveroit à la fin des inconvenients jamais attendus, lesquels par esmotion du peuple se pourroyent decouvrir. Ce qui tant plus est à craindre; d'autant qu'apres que la France a faicte la paix, par laquelle le faix de guerre est venu sur nos espaules, tout nostre recours et l'oeil de la commune se ficha sur le secours de sa Me., laquelle, suivant leur espoir et attente se debveoit d'avantage eslargir que par avant, mais estant advenu le contraire, qu'elle n'a non seulement serrée sa main, ains aussi retirée le peu qu'elle entretenoit, et que les charges oultre cela des villes cautionaires les tombent sur le bras avec annuel remboursement, et que par la ils discourent à leur mode plutost estre delaissés que secourus par la confederation, il adviendroit plus que facilement, sa Mte. voulant trop temporiser et menager, qu'apres un desastre de cause advenu, on diroit, qu'on ne l'eut jamais pensé : et le pais estant en apparent dangier en venant à se perdre, le perte ne se fera point sans la ruine de beaucoup des voisins, puis qu'il est comme un rempart, qui ne se gaignera qu'avec la defaicte de plusieurs provinces, mesmes royaulmes. V. Excell. le scait mieulx, qu'on ne decifiera : combien que la plus part estant esloignée se persuade aultrement et se flatte qui par l'experimenter et la preuve se trouveroit trompée avec toute son estat. Comme aussi ils ont este abuses par le traicte de paix, laquelle ils pousoyent à toute force, et on voit au transport du Pais-Bas, comment l'Archiducq est limité et les Provinces plus estroictement jointes à l'Espaigne qu'oncques par avant, et ledict Archiducq tenu de jurer nul aultre exercice de Religion que de la Romaine, et de chastier qui exerceroyent aultre : avec plusieurs aultres conditions, fausant seulement icy mention de celles, desquelles on s'en servoit pour nous induire. Par quels aveugles et precipités conseils on eust este legerement apastolé. Tellement que ceulx qui peseront les affaires meurement en telle balance, comme V. Excell. a faict tousjours, verront qu'il n'y a issue que par la voye des armes. Sur quelle on soulvit faire discours, qu'il seroit temps sans terme, quand on chercheroit une fin par ce moyen, et par consequent que les thresors ne seroyent bastants. Mais au contraire, estants capables de bien juger, confesseront qu'avec moins de peine et dispute, avec moindre depence et melieure occasion on viendroit au bout de tous desseins, que par avant. D'autant que alors en France, estant en guerre, ou jalousies des Rois ou pretentions particulieres empeschoyent aucunefois les bonnes resolutions, ou les effects d'icelles. A present l'Archiducq ayant accordé et promis pour soulagement de ses vassaux et subjects tenir l'armée sur les frontieres par les thresors de son Roy, on se peult aucunement apercevoir en quels termes ses affaires se virent. Ainsi que sa Mte. ne trouvera jamais occasion pour venir au bout de la guerre que par la presente : soit qu'elle veulle envoyer une, bonne armée vis a vis de ses ports en Flandres, et conquester le pais ou partir, et nourrir la guerre la par les revenues d'un pais riche, ou contrainde l'ennemy de rompre sa promesse et l'attirer vers illecq. En quel evenement ses subjects se mecontenteroyent de son gouvernement, et on seroit tousjours bastant le rencontrer en campaigne, estants joints et unis avec partie de nos forces, et en peu des jours on auroit moyen de forcer aucunes des melieures places sur le bord de la mer et alieurs : ou soit que ceste voye sembleroit la moins expediente, que sa Mte fut servie joindre ses troupes par deca, on verroit bien tost les effects. Mais puis que j'estime la premiere voye la plus approuvée, j'ay pense la toucher si avant, me souvenant des propos tenus a V. Excell. laquelle je prie vouloir prendre cecy comme procedé d'une affection, qui est et demeurera avec tous ses debvoirs voué à jamais a son service. Si V. Excell. trouve convenir aucune conference de bouche, ayant sur ce entendu son bon vouloir, me gouvernera entierement suivant iceluy si tost que je pourray estre advert.—A Leubaerden, 4 Nov., 1598, styl. vet.
Endorsed :—“Sir Pet : Regemortes.”
3 pp. (65. 44.)
Sir Henry Lee to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 4. Has sent the “hagarde,” at the best nothing so good as he could wish her. Has had a right good one given him, that is a lanneret, and will see what she is. Offers services.—From my poor cottage, 4 Nov.
Endorsed : “'98. Sir Henry Lee.”
1 p. (65. 46.)
Lancillot Carleton to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 4. He informed divers things against one Musgrave, which being true, Essex and Mr. Secretary thought Musgrave was no fit man to serve her Majesty. Musgrave is now in town. Offers to justify before Musgrave's face whatever he privately informed Essex of. Craves for the place which his father and brother had for three score years, the rather that his brother's life was got by a practice between Dacre and Musgrave. Musgrave seeks the place only to root out his (the writer's) brother's poor 18 children.—4 Nov., '98.
1 p. (65. 47.)
Thomas Saltern to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 4. To ease her Majesty's charges in revenging the reverses in Ireland, recommends that every parish of all convenient shires should be required to set forth and maintain one or two men, the number of whom would amount to a competent army.—Bristol, 4 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 49.)
Northbourne Manor.
1598, Nov. 4. Orders of the Court of Chancery, dated 9 Oct., 27 Oct., and 4 Nov., 1598, in a suit concerning Northborn manor and the Abbots house, in Kent, in which William Kirkham, one Baker, and others are defendants.
Contemporary copies.
pp. (64. 102.)
Lord Cobham.
1598, Nov. 4. Brief of household accounts. [? Lord Cobham's.]
3 pp. (145. 195.)
French News. “De Grand Village le 14e de Novembre, '98.”
1598, Nov. 4/14. Since the departure of the post Peter Browne, has been unable to leave his room from illness. “Touchant notre bon Roy, il se porte tellement quellement, une partie de ses medecins craint qu'il n'y aye quelque poyson dans son corps, mais pour la carnosité en la verge ce nést que trop vraye. Voyla le fruict qu'on cuille par telle semence. . . . . . . . . Le Duc de Loraine a chassé tous ceus de la religion de son pais, et sa fille espousera le Duc de Cleves, tout fol qu'il est, et son pais de tout ru iné par l'armée Espaignolle, une grande honte pour les pouvres princes de la Germaigne. . . . . . . . . Si feu Monsr. Walsingham eust esté en vie, je feusse esté cest heure icy en Espaigne à l'arrivée de ce Duc, mais sans moyens tout ne vault rien. . . . . . . . . Nous disons generallement en noctre Court que la Reyne n'envoyerra point d'Ambr trop tost en France à cause de la despence qu'il faira, et que personne ne veult pas venir. Cecy vient de la boutique de la Fne., mais sa Majesté faira fort bien de le faire mentir.
Si Monsr. le Comte ne s'en souvient de moy, je ne vauldray plus rien pour son service que à prier Dieu pour luy.”
Endorsement similar to heading.
Faded and almost illegible.
1 p. (178. 4.)
Sir Robert Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 5. Recommends the bearer Mr. Cox, who desires to serve Essex. Cox has spent many years in travel beyond the seas, and has made very good profit of it. He comes now from the Emperor's army in Hungary, of which he can speak very particularly, for he was a good time in it, and saw the overthrow of the Turks and the taking of Strigonin. He once followed Sir Philip Sydney, and in that respect the writer is the bolder to recommend him.—Flushing, 5 Nov.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“'98.”
1 p. (65. 50.)
Sir Charles Davers to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 5. Of the cause between him and Sir William Long. Details of the matter as it now stands. He wishes nothing better than that it should be referred to the Lord Keeper or to Cecil. The Lord Keeper is so persuaded of his cause, that he will not award him less for his money than a release in such form as he requires it.—Undated.
Endorsed :—“Sir Charles Danvers, 5 Nov., 1598.”
pp. (65. 51.)
The Earl of Essex to the Earl of Pembroke.
1598, Nov. 5. This bearer my servant Captain North is assigned his company in the county of Wilts, to be employed in the service of Ireland. I commend him to your favour, praying you to assist him therewith in that which concerns his charge, as well for expedition in the levying of the men as for the well furnishing of them, which I will very thankfully acknowledge.—From the Court, 5 Nov., 1598.
½ p. (65. 52.)
Edward Coke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 5. I pray you pardon this error of the clerk. I trust I shall never live but to attribute that honour and dignity which of right is your own, to you, with the desire of my heart for the honourable increase thereof according to your virtue and merit.—From the Temple, 5 Nov., 1598.
Endorsed :—Mr. Attorney General.
1 p. (65. 53.)
Chr. Harris to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 6. I received your packet at my house at Radford by Plymouth, of the last of October, for the levying of 300 soldiers out of the county of Cornwall for Ireland, the 2nd of November, and forthwith sent the same to Sir William Bevill, Sir Nicholas Parker and my cousin Barnard Greyvill : Sir Fra. Godolphynn being at Cillye, and Mr. Carewe of Anthonye at London. And for that the time was very short for the furnishing of them to be in readiness at Foye (which is thought to be more fitter than Padstow for embarking of them) by the 16th November, I desired them to impress and furnish so many as according to the proportion are to be levied out of their several divisions. And although I had fully determined to take journey the next morning upon earnest business for London, yet in regard of my duty I have forborne the same, and have taken on me (resting yet doubtful of Mr. Edgcombe's help, who seldom goes from his house) to do my best to impress and furnish so many men as are to be levied out of my division and my cousin Carew's, and to be at Foy at the time appointed. Yet I know the country will greatly grieve at the charge and be hardly brought unto it. And to the end that shipping and victuals may be in readiness at their coming, I sent your letter to the Mayor of Foye, Mr. Mohun, and the rest, and have hereinclosed returned the letter to the Mayor of Padstowe, humbly entreating that such favour hereafter may be yielded to that poor county, which of late has sundry ways been very much charged at the fort of Falmouth, furnishing the defects of arms of the six companies late sent for Ireland, which indeed was much. And now these 300 will be more burdensome than any charge that I have known heretofore levied on them, for Cornwall has seldom been more than a third part unto Devon, and now almost equal. Many other charges they have been at.—Radford, 6 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 54.)
Sir Walter Leveson to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 6. Prays him to recommend the bearer, John Hughes, bailiff of Seisdon Hundred, to the now sheriff of Staffordshire for continuance in his office.—Lylshull, 6 Nov., 1598.
Signed. Endorsed :—“Sir Wa. Leuson.”
1 p. (65. 55.)
Lord Cobham.
1598, Nov. 6. G. Scudder's account from Michaelmas last [? Lord Cobham's steward].
1 p. (145. 194.)
Henry Power to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 6. This country has become a perfect representation of a ruined state. The going out of the L. of Montgarret has much shaken it, and altogether ruined this province of Leinster. Those few that are subjects stay in only for the love they bear to my lord Lieutenant, of the which number he reposeth small trust in any. The rebels are grown so mighty that they make full account of a conquest and to drive the English out of the land. They have gathered all the cattle and wealth into their hands, by means whereof they have not only drawn all the rascals after them, but also found means to gain the principallest both of English birth and otherwise into their faction, who ever heretofore made great shows of loyalty. Neither is it much to be marvelled at, when as they see such precedents of defeats as lately they have done, especially that of the North, the which I may boldly affirm was lost in the misdiscretion and insufficiency of the chiefs. It is certainly reported that they have taken such courage upon it that they hold it impossible for the Queen's forces ever to bring Tyrone to any exigent, considering that before that time seldom hath such an army been brought into the field in this country. A further cause to breed discontentment in them was this commotion in Munster, where was to be seen a peaceable defensive province overthrown in three days, where fear so much reigned among the inhabitants that the rebels found the country abandoned, the wealth left behind and about 200 defensible castles quitted. All this was achieved without any resistance. The alteration in these parts in so short a space is wonderful. When the fort of Lease was last victualled, there was great possibility with a reasonable force to have quieted these parts, or at the least with garrisons so to have curbed them, that they should not have been able to have spoiled the country, which would have been an assurance to have held the gentry in subjection and to have broken the rebels.
But the drawing of these into the North (clean contrary to my Lord Lieutenant's designs, only by the instigation of the Lords Justices) was the effectual cause of all these mischiefs. During our absence of above a month the rebels had time to gather themselves together and march on Munster, whom although with great marches we followed, yet the resistance of the country was so small that contrary to all expectation they had their purpose; but if we had stayed in Leinster they durst not have enterprized so great a matter.
Had not these troubles so unexpectedly arisen, I would have waited upon your Lordship in England, but now with my reputation I cannot, or, if I would, I should not be permitted. My Lord Lieutenant assures me that he has entreated your Lordship to remember me. I beseech your Lordship that I may hold the reputation of one of the Queen's Colonels with the continuance of pay that I have had before this. At the first you gave me the command of my regiment which I brought out of Picardy, whereof there is yet resident with me above 400, and to put divers companies into it, with the which I have been in action almost ever since my coming hither. I have accomplished many pieces of service with them, as the entering of Brian Borgh's fastness, where he himself was slain and his companies broken, and also many journeys into Lease, both to victual the fort and otherwise, with divers other pieces of service which I leave unrecited. And further, whereas it is usual in this country for commanders to have companies of horse, my suit is, if employments of horse come hither, I may be had in remembrance.—Calan this sixth of November, 1598.
3 pp. (177. 144.)
Thomas Acton to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 6. I am bold to put your lordship once more in mind of my willingness to serve her Majesty in her realm of Ireland, where I have already spent some years, the country being as familiar to me as the place where I dwell. Your lordship doth command out of the place where I dwell 400 men for those parts. If your lordship shall please to bestow the command of them upon me, with some other small increase, I make no question but you shall think it very well bestowed.—From Bicton, the vith of November.
Holograph. Seal.
1 p. (177. 145.)
Mrs. Anne Williamson to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 6. I lived happily with my husband Nicholas Williamson of Wyllne in Derby for twelve years, until for causes to me unknown he was committed to the Tower. Now, being released from thence, he utterly rejects my company. I have tried the mediation of friends without avail. He yields me no relief, although at his request I sold and conveyed away my jointure without assurance of any other living. Wherefore, forcedly and with shame, I have presumed to trouble your Honour, to whom the reformation of such demeanours doth appertain.— 6 November, 1598.
pp. (177. 146.)
Edward Coke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 6. By warrant of former precedents, and by place in the Star Chamber, “his” place in like commissions is after the two Chief Justices. I humbly thank you for your favourable persuasion of my inward duty.
¼ p. (177. 147.)
Robert, Earl of Sussex to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 7. Hearing of your going into Ireland, I cannot forbear to offer myself unto you as I have ever done. Your promises to me heretofore much encourage me, of which I now challenge you, hoping you will reserve me some honourable place under you. My desire is to have the command of 200 horse and a regiment of foot, less than which I cannot think of. I will expect to hear how your lordship is addicted unto me, for unless you be very willing to accept of me I had rather stay, and therefore, if you have made choice of any other before me, for I would be “loft” to be commanded by any but yourself, I pray you let me hear from you.—Whitefriars, 7 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 56.)
Matthew [Hutton], Archbishop of York, and Ch. Hales to Sir Thomas Egerton, Lord Keeper.
1598, Nov. 7. On the 7th they received letters from the Mayor and Aldermen of Newcastle upon Tyne, with copies of the examinations of one Sheves, a Scottishman, by them taken and imprisoned there. They enclose the copies. They have given directions to the Mayor to retain Sheves prisoner till he shall receive special direction for his enlargement. They recommend the cause to Egerton's consideration.—York, 7 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 59a.)
The Enclosures :
(1.) G. Farnaby, mayor, and others of Newcastle-upon-Tyne to the Council at York. Upon some unlawful speeches uttered by James Sheves, a Scottishman, to Mr. Thomas Liddell, one of their aldermen, they caused Sheves to be examined. They enclose his examinations and pray direction what course to hold with him, having him here in prison.—Newcastle, 4 Nov., 1598.
Contemporary copy.
1 p. (65. 59.)
(2.) Examination of James Sheves, Scottishman, born at St. Andrews in Scotland, taken the 4th Nov., 1598, before George Farnabie, mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and others, with regard to speeches had by Sheves with Mr. Lyddall, alderman of that town, as to the title of the King of Scots to the English throne after the death of her Majesty. Details given of Sheves' various employments as a teacher of Latin, and in the practice of physic.
Contemporary copies, 2 papers.
4 pp. (65. 57.)
Jo. Phelippes to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 8. For employment. He is urged to offer his services to the Ambassador now named for France, and begs Cecil to recommend him for secretary : though he is not ignorant how little good may be expected from that place, and would rather wish that Cecil should name him to the Queen for the reversion of some office. Names Mr. Skinner's office, which being in the Lord Treasurer's gift, may be the more easily obtained. Hopes that “one that spent his time abroad in travel, and in the courses of her Majesty's service, and a poor decypherer (if need be), may by her Majesty's gracious favour, through your Honour's mediation, hope for the like fortune that many men of as mean worth as myself have found.”—8 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 62.)
W. Waad to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 8. These two packets were brought this day unto the Star Chamber by Thomas Jaymes, a merchant of London, the one directed unto your Lordship, the other to Stanley. That to Stanley, Mr. Secretary did open. There is no matter in it worth the reading. It would seem the other doth come by direction left formerly by him. I send both.—From the Star Chamber, the 8 of 9ber, 1598.
Signed. Seal.
Endorsed :—“Mr. Waede, 1598, Oct. (sic) 8.”
½ p. (177. 115.)
Sir Henry Docwra to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 8. By my former your Lordship might understand the expectation we were in to be assailed in our trenches, when we had discovered the enemy's vanguard at Eltham Hill, but we were not long held in that fear, for within two days after he turned his course to Dottechem, as by all appearance he was ever most likely to do. We also immediately moved our camp to Diesborough, where we arrived, he being set down before that other town, and with all speed possible fortified ourselves in the same manner as we had done in our former camp. So that we have secured the place to our great advantage, not without admiration of their error that neglected first coming to it. Which with excellent commodity they might well have done, but they thought to have had Dottechem first, and then to have come timely enough before this. Whereof seeing themselves prevented, they are turned back again up into the country, but uncertain whether with intent to besiege some other town, or to disperse and go into garrison, which we think he will be forced to do for want of victual. Many opportunities of doing service upon him have been omitted, as we could ever discover when we saw the manner of their lodging after they were gone, but the care of reserving us for the next year's service, by which the States promise themselves great hopes, hath hitherto hindered it.
I did long since put your Lordship in mind touching my suit to her Majesty, that she would think me worthy to enjoy those fruits which the season of this State (wherein I had spent the greatest part of my time) brought forth and as it were invited me to sue for. Wherein I hear that she hath shewn herself most graciously inclined.—Doesborough, this 8 of Novemb., 1598.
Holograph. Seal.
pp. (177. 148.)
Sir Henry Docwra to Edward Reynolds.
1598, Nov. 8. He has been told that her Majesty has granted him a regiment of those men which are come into the States' service. He has taken notice thereof to my lord [Essex], and desired that he would put his helping hand for the finishing of it. Begs Reynolds to let him know if Essex says anything upon reading his letter : and if he say nothing, to motion him for an answer.—Doesborough, 8 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 60.)
Paule Anraet to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 8/18. Details the five years' services he performed to the late Lord Cobham, from 1580 to the time of the reduction of Antwerp, in informing him of the occurrences of his and other countries, and in translating works, ordinances, &c. Prays Cecil to help him to obtain recompence either from the executors or the present Lord Cobham.—The Hage, 18 Nov., 1598.
Endorsed :—“To be shewed to my Lord Cobham.”
2 pp. (65. 77.)
Ja. Foxe to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 9. I send you the copy of a letter directed to the Lords Justices, and sent enclosed in a letter to myself by a gentleman of good worth (to be delivered to their lordships) who together with a brother in law of his, by my means, with their lordships' good allowance, are drawn and employed to sound the rebels and to understand as near as they may their plots and combinations. When time may serve I doubt not but the Lords Justices will make my service herein known to your lordships, for so their lordships promised. There is another copy of this letter sent by the Lords Justices in the packet now despatched away to the Lords there, without the name of the party unto it, for that he would not be known to any, but only to the Lords Justices, Mr. Treasurer, his said brother-in-law and myself : and had it not been that I fear very much that my letters would not be safely delivered to you, I would have named him to you.
Tyrone and his brother Cormocke with two several armies do presently intend to invade the Pale, and then no doubt Leinster rebels will meet them. The Earl of Kildare about two days past was written to by the Lords to repair hither, to the end some dicourse might be taken for the defence of the country, who returned answer this day that he was troubled with some sickness whereby he could not come, so as it is much doubted that he hath no purpose to come hither at all, which argues some mischievous plot to be in hand.—Dublin, 9 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 63.)
Sir J. Holles to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 9. Encloses statement of the late proceedings between Mr. Jervice Markham and himself. Begs Essex to peruse these writings “which contain not only what is due, and how, but what cause he gave me heretofore, whereby peradventure flesh and blood will more blame me for my extraordinary patience than Christianity condemn me for that which is now done upon his own seeking, which you, in the balance of true honour, conferring with his monstrous libels, never heretofore heard of in any civil government, will hold me rather short than beyond my mark.”—9 Nov., '98.
1 p. (65. 64.)
James Digges to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 9. Since the closing up of my present letters of the 30th of October, his Excellency, upon the coming over of another Irish fugitive at the camisado given by Count Hóvenlowe at the cutting of a dyke near Embrick, specified in my said letters, stayed him for five or six days. Whereupon the said Irish fugitive, named John Conell, is returned; within which time, viz., after the date of my former until this present 9th of November, these particularities have fallen out.
Imprimis, the enemy having compounded with Wesel and put garrison into Rayse, viz. two companies of foot and one of horse, marched immediately over Eltam hill within a league of our camp from Embric. His Excellency, upon intelligence that he meant to have passed upon another dyke within less than an English mile of the Isle of Seventer, where he lay, most strongly fortified his new entrenchments, ravelins, mounts, platforms, halfmoons, batteries, barricadoes, bridges and other necessary engines, for defence of passages and straits against any main force how great soever, especially the cavalry, kept continual ambuscadoes of foot upon the said passage, cutting a dyke within less than a mile of the camp to drown the lower grounds, made a bridge suddenly over the same to pass his cavalry and to make sallies with his infantry out of their ambushments, as occasion should be offered. Whereof the enemy having intelligence (notwithstanding he had threatened to give a bravado unto our trenches and to plunder the town of Seventer and other open 'Darpes' thereabouts) passed on another dyke farther off as before, taking his course directly to Deuticon, where he sat down upon Thursday last, the 4th of this present, making his approaches the 5th and 6th in the night, dismounting a piece or two of great artillery the 5th; and upon the 7th approached so near as no relief of men or artillery could be thrust in, notwithstanding his Excellency was then come to Dewsbrough with his whole camp and did as much as could be to have aided them with all things necessary, offering great rewards to as many adventurers as would attempt to enter. But the enemy's necessity of victual was so great as they lost no opportunity, but threatening the garrison—being but four companies of foot and most of them French—that if they yielded not before his battery planted he would put them all to the sword and sack the town; whereupon, the premises considered, after so near approach as might be without entrance of their ditch and ramparts and some two or three attempts of surprise made, the burghers and garrison yielded up the place, upon condition that the town should not be spoiled and that the soldiers might depart with bag and baggage, soldier-like. The which was granted, saving only their ensigns, which were taken from them. The said town of Embrick, under the obedience of the Duke of Cleve, being before taken about the last of October, the enemy left strong garrison of infantry and cavalry in [it], furnishing himself thence with victual and boats for bridges, whereupon he passed the one half of his army over the river of Issell loat, leaving the rest on the other side to effect some other his designs not yet manifested; being at this present ready to march away towards Lockam or some other town of importance thereabouts, as is confirmed by the several examinations of divers prisoners. His Excellency coming to Deusbrough on Friday the 5th present, presuming that the enemy would first have attempted the same rather than Deuticon or any other town adjacent, considering the weakness thereof before the new fortifications erected, not yet finished in any sort, and the want of artillery until they were supplied, found the sluice broken and the ditches vadable and in some places almost dry, so that the enemy might have very easily entered their new ravelins and other flankers yet imperfect, and the garrison of the town not able to have manned the one half thereof; which was doubted to be done upon practice of treason, happening at such a time of the enemy's so near approach. But by his Excellency's good industry, the same is now again made up for the present, in such sort as the ditches will be full of water again within a day or two—the which, in my opinion, are the greatest strength of the town, notwithstanding the said new works, as you can best judge, having been an eyewitness of the strength of the place and of the advantage the waters give them; the which his Excellency finding, fortifieth the island with all speed possible with trenches, batteries, and small sconces conveniently placed for defence, keeping most of his regiments aboard his ships and small boats until it be performed, and mounteth cannon and other artillery in the meantime, lest the enemy being master of the field should take advantage of the imperfection of the new works and the small number his Excellency is able to defend the place withal, the enemy's army being four for one, if he should attempt the town by surprise. His Excellency requiring the Governor of the castle of Seventry and the Commander of the Tole-house to suffer him to put convenient forces into the same to defend them both against the enemy's sudden attempts, being denied his request, as well for their good as the defence of the adjacent frontiers of these United Provinces, brought his cannon before both places, who upon the first or second tyre given yielded up the same to his devotion; the which he holdeth conveniently supplied with men, munition and other necessary provision. Finally, his Excellency's force being so small, and the enemy, besides his strength and other preparations both of offence and defence, being withal lately supplied with money as well from the Archduke as from Wezell, Embrike, Rays and other places, who furnish him also with great store of corn and other victual by agreement, having the river open from Cullen unto Skink his sconce, and the possession of Deuticome very well stored with all kind of victual for his camp, it is greatly to be feared the States' power will not be sufficient to make head or resistance against the one half or rather third part of his army, especially if hard weather come on so that he may be able to pass their rivers and dikes, the which they expect, having with all necessity laid on the soldiers either to get garrison by their swords or to make a winter his war in the field on the frontiers, being already very bare of all provision, as well by the spoils made by both armies as for that both the towns and boors of the country send away their cattle with their goods and moveables into the heart of Holland; where the enemy threateneth to visit them, yea, even at the Hague, within six weeks, being likely to prevail very much in truth this next year unless it please her Majesty to set in foot very royally in time to defend them, not able otherwise (unless miraculously) to defend themselves, notwithstanding their great riches, strength of towns, and advantages of the waters and their shipping, unless also they be otherwise supplied with soldiers out of France, Scotland and Denmark, which is very unlikely, specially out of Denmark, the preparations made in Polonia and Swenland for a most sharp war this next year considered.—From the camp at Deusbrough Isle, this 9th of November, 1598.
[P.S.] If it please her Majesty to send over any new supplies this winter or the next spring, I beseech your favourable remembrance of me for some employment as Lieutenant-Colonel or Sergeant-Major of some regiment; being enabled for the same or such other place in the wars as it shall please her Majesty to appoint me unto by my 25 years following of the wars by sea and land, specially in these lands, where I was employed by her Majesty now 10 years since and more, as also by my late two years' and more continual voluntary following of all services, as also by some extraordinary insight into many particular factions of the wars more than ordinarily : or at the least some company in the meantime, whereby I may be enabled to do her Majesty, my country, and your Lordship better service than my present disability here will permit.
Holograph. 3 pp. (178. 1.)
Sir Henry Norreys to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 11. I received your letter, and thereby find that I should make my present repair into Ireland. I assure you there is nothing I desire more than to be employed in her Majesty's service, especially into Munster : yet I entreat that a better consideration may be had of me than to be sent thither as a private captain. I refer myself to your direction, and what shall be commanded I will most willingly obey. I had attended your Honour but I have been sick of a cold.—11 Nov.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“11 Nov., '98.”
1 p. (65. 65.)
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 11. Your father has sometimes told me that when the sheriffs of these shires where I dwell were to be pricked, her Majesty, looking on the names that were brought her, she would say she would cut even betwixt me and my adversaries, meaning that she would not choose any who was known to be opposite either on the one side or on the other. But this noble lord who has used those speeches to me is now gone, and it pleased her Majesty with her own mouth to tell me that I had lost of him the best friend I had living, and it may be, when she said so, there was never a dry eye of the four (for it was soon after his death). Also speaking of yourself at the same time, her Highness said she would undertake that you should succeed your father in being my friend, which word, as all others of hers do, imprinted in me, and I took no small comfort in them, I assure you. Let me therefore make myself the bolder with you in such reasonable suits as I shall be occasioned to use your favour in. I beseech you move her Majesty in this next election of sheriffs to cut so even as that the world may not note that my opposites are put in place to disgrace or displeasure me in my suits. I will name none, but leave them to your wisdom to think upon.—Sheffeld Lodge, 11 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 66.)
The Earl of Nottingham, Lord Admiral, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 13. I send you here enclosed the letter I had of you of Ireland. God send you good rest. I wished myself you.
Holograph. Endorsed : “13 Nov., 1598.”
¼ p. (60. 41.)
Henry, Lord Cobham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 13. I send enclosed the examination of Robert Lundey, stayed by the mayor of Rochester, who finds that he has not been at church this 33 years, and is lately come from Paris. The mayor himself has brought the party to me. I pray you give him thanks for his care.—Blackfriars, 13 Nov., 1598.
½ p. (65. 67.)
Richard Capelin to Edward Reynolds.
1598, Nov. 14. He wrote Reynolds last week requesting him to send down the bond for Mr. Green to sign, with the deputation, whereby he might leave order with him for collecting the impost. Asks him to send them by this footman. Judges that there will be new wines here within 15 days or three weeks. Asks Reynolds to write to “my aunt” to answer him the impost due for such wines as have been discharged since Michaelmas.—Southampton, 14 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (65. 68.)
Captain Jo. Chamberlaine to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 14/24. Although our armies have confronted one the other, yet have they not yielded sufficient matter worthy your understanding. Of the enemy's army's retiring and all other late occurrences, I forbear to write of, because Sir Alexander Ratlyff will more sufficiently inform you therein. But understanding there is some likelihood for you to undertake a journey into Ireland, and that you are disposed to have men from hence, I have thought it not unnecessary to put you in remembrance that, for their experience in service and their knowledge withal to use their muskets, our troops of the old regiment do far exceed those that came from the garrisons, the soldiers being for the most part ignorant in service, and not acquainted with the new discipline we exercise. I know our commander will be willing to thrust those men upon you that came last, but if it please you but to set some course to have part of your troops out of his own regiment, and those of the musketeers, you shall be specially well served with them. I beseech you to reckon of me as altogether vowed to follow your fortunes, and therefore most unwilling to stay here, where I may never hope for more than already by your favour I am established in, Sir Francis Vere having of his own that altogether depend upon himself first to be respected. This noble knight has promised to be my solicitor unto you both in this and my suit for Kydlington parsonage, of which, having waded through many difficulties by your only means, I am now like to be put besides by Mr. Smith, the Clerk of the Council, that takes the advantage of my absence to get that he never spake for all the while I was in England. I refer that and all other hopes of my fortunes to your only favour.—Deuxsbourg, 24 Nov., stilo novo, '98.
1 p. (65. 97.)
Richard Hawkins to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 14. Since my coming to Spain I have sundry times written to you, craving the succour for my desperate estate which so readily your lordship is wont to extend to all the distressed, and by which you gain so great honour and love. Although I have sufficiently proved that I rendered myself a buena guerra and on condition of liberty for me and mine, yet require they all the “canons” of Cales for me, or else they plainly say that I shall never have my liberty. They keep me in irons day and night, without one penny wherewith to sustain me, and in the common jail amongst murderers, rogues, and thieves. If you help me not, I doubtless shall end my days in this misery; my zeal in maintenance of her Highness's honour hath wrought me all this calamity, and God doth know that the seeking to honour your lordship in all occasions, as many of my countrymen can witness, hath wrought me little good. If for all this I may find myself not utterly forgotten, I shall think all to be well passed and endured; and I beseech you to be a mean unto her Majesty, my dread Sovereign, that in recompence of my so long and faithful service, with that of my deceased father, I may be redeemed out of this miserable and tyrannical imprisonment.—From Madrid the 14th of November, 1598.
1 p. (178. 3.)
The Earl of Pembroke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Nov. 15. I send by my servant Massinger the indentures of the names of the 200 soldiers now sent out of this county of Wilts for service in Ireland. Although my care has been great to perform what was required therein, yet I had rather Sir Nicholas Parker (who by chance passing by this way has seen them) should report the sufficiency of their persons and arms than I to make it known unto you by my letters. Massinger has also a copy of the return now sent up for sheriffs in the 12 shires of Wales, to be delivered to you. I pray you prefer Thomas Lewes of Ruperry for sheriff of Glamorganshire, and Mathew Herbert for sheriff of Merionethshire. They are most worthy this place which I seek for them.—Wilton, 15 Nov., 1598.
½ p. (65. 69.)
Sir Thomas Gerald to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Nov. 15. It hath been hitherto held, as I take it, for the more assured peace of that miserable country of Ireland, to keep in a long endurance the never offendant. Whether this project were of a true zeal unto her Majesty, or for some private profit which might grow to these charitable advisers (that will make a commodity of the worst occasions), I refer the one to their large consciences, and let the success of their policy show the fruit of the other. I write not this as rejoicing for anything that might give her Majesty the least discontentment, but grieved that so princely a spirit should be abused by the breaths of so corrupt natures. Since then, the causeless fear of me being now taken away by the indirect course of this bastardly Earl of Desmond, that in all equal measure of reason the world may take notice would deprive her Highness of her right or me of that grace which through her Majesty's favour might entitle me to the honour of my ancestors; I submitting all titles which have colour or dependency upon me at the feet of her sacred will, neither desiring any employment, but the happiness to behold that admirable Queen which governs me, beseech you, the mask of my wrong absolutely withdrawn, that approves clearly to all men no obstacle for my longer detainment, to move her Majesty to ease the hand of her weighty displeasure, that I may enjoy that liberty which my constant loyalty shall perpetually merit. I was in that extremity and at this instant not thoroughly recovered, as if you please to examine Dr. Nowell, my physician, he can advertise you, that I protest I thought not to “alived,” nor yet have much better hope except her Majesty will remove me to some man of worth's house, where I may have change of air or liberty with a keeper, lying in this place every night, to go abroad in the daytime, that I may receive comfort of more wholesome air than this hell can afford : so that if there be any health to be looked for by these means, I may enjoy it, my death proving more dishonourable to her Highness and the State, perishing in this misery, than any indirect course of mine could prove prejudicial.—From the Tower this 15th of November 1598.
Holograph. 2 Seals.
1 p. (178. 5.)