Cecil Papers: August 1599, 21-31

Pages 315-343

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 9, 1599. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1902.

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August 1599, 21–31

John Fowtrell, Mayor of Rye, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 21. I have received your letter, and accordingly have sent the master of the French bark by this bringer. I did at his first arrival examine him concerning the discovery of the Spanish fleet, but could find nothing by him worthy the presenting. This Frenchman has been here almost one month, and since his arrival here has not been any French bark but he only. Notwithstanding, for that you write so directly for him that came from Rochelle laden with salt, I have accordingly delivered him to this messenger.—Ric, 21 August, 1599.
Signed. ½ p. (72. 111.)
The Campaign in Ireland.
1599, Aug. 21. “Protestation against the journey to the North by the Colonels.”
Copy in hand of Reynolds, Essex's secretary. 1 p. (73. 1.)
[Printed, under date, from the original in the Public Record Office, in the Calendar of S.P. Ireland, Eliz., pp. 126, 127.]
Victualling in Ireland.
1599, Aug. 21. Report of the estate and stores of victual at the several magazines in Ireland.—21 August, 1599.
Gives the stores in the magazines of Dublin, Dundalk, Carlingford and the Newry, Carrickfergus, and in ships for the magazine at Sligo. Provisions named are :—biscuit, butter, cheese, meal, oatmeal, lings and dry fish. Gives the number of days which the provisions will last for 3,000 men.
pp. (73. 2.)
Hannibal Vyvyan to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 21. Reports upon the works at Pendinas Fort, and the money expended. Upon the general opinion of the enemy's intention, there has been drawn there for defence 500 or 600 men, who were employed in that work by turns. It will not be finished before Michaelmas. He would have bestowed his own money in the fortifying of St. Maw's Castle, but has been threatened that the ordnance shall be taken from him. Gives reasons against transporting the ordnance to Pendinas.
If her Majesty is disposed to deal with the pre-emption of the tin, there will be no difficulty to effect it, if their contracts may be with merchants, for at this coinage the tin is carried away and no price made, which gives the greater suspicion that the merchant will beat down the price.—St. Maw's Castle, 21 August, 1599.
Signed. 1 p. (73. 4.)
The Enclosure :
Reasons to prove it very inconvenient to disfurnish the Castle of St Maw's (Falmouth Harbour) of the artillery there.
1 p. (73. 3.)
Lord Thomas Howard of Walden. Instructions.
1599, Aug. 21. Upon his commission from the Queen “to execute upon the enemy whatsoever shall seem necessary for the defence of our kingdom, either by impeachment of his forces from landing, or using any other means to the overthrow of any fleet of the King of Spain's.”
Draft, with corrections by Robert Cecil. Undated. Endorsed :—“1599, August 21. M. of the instructions for the Lord Thomas, &c.” 7 pp. (73. 5.)
[Printed at length in the Report on the MSS. of the Rt. Hon. F. J. Savile Foljambe, pp. 100, 101.]
[The Queen] to the Archbishop of York.
1599, Aug. 22. Discharges him of his office of President of the Council of the North, on account of his great years, and informs him of the appointment of Lord Burghley thereto.
Forasmuch as we understand of the great defection of our subjects in matters that are subject to the power you have of us by your Ecclesiastical Commission (which we cannot but impute partly to the want of good instruction of the younger sort, and partly to our much toleration used to recusants and such other persons who have been presented for their offences in such and other like cases, and have escaped without punishment) you are not only to acquaint and join our said President with you in the proceedings in those causes that are within your said commission, but also to employ all your own best means to stay the flux of such iniquity which hath in manner possessed the greatest part of those Northern parts, that we may yet at last see how, by more vigilance and severity than of late times hath been used, our people may be reduced from such their defection, which makes them apt to forget their duties towards us, when they are suffered to contemn our laws and institutions in that behalf. Undated.
Draft, with corrections by Cecil. Endorsed :—“22 August, 1599. Draught of a letter to the Archb. of York.” 1½ pp. (73. 9.)
The Earl of Nottingham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 22. Since I was with you I did consider with myself the trouble that would be to them of the city, the most of the soldiers being artificers, to have the [m] now to muster, tomorrow being Bartelemo Eve, as also of the number of people that will resort to the city. I have, both for them and also the bands of Norfolk and Suffolk, forborne to muster them, and will despatch away both horse and foot with as much speed as is possible and save her Majesty a day or two's pay; so as I hope by Friday morning to send them all homeward.—22 of August.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1599, 22 August. L. Admiral.”
½ p. (73. 10.)
Mons. J. De Thumery to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 22/Sept. 1. Letter of thanks for a present of peaches, apparently from the Queen.—Londres, 1 Sept., 1599.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“The French Ambassador. Sept. 1 st. no.” 1 p. (73. 74.)
Juan di Zabena to the Queen.
1599, Aug 23/Sept. 1. Explaining a profect for attacking and plundering Havana and Lima. Has already written twice on this subject by Thomas Courty, the Queen's merchant, and sends this letter by Captain John Quin.—Padua, 2 September, 1599.
Holograph. Spanish. Seal. 2½ pp. (73. 78.)
John Stanhope to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 23. Upon Monday last there came to me Rowland Maddock, of Butterley in the county of Derby, yeoman, who informed me that Humfrey Alsop of the same town, gentleman, had lately received into his house John Radford, a known seminary priest, for whose apprehension there have been divers times search made. Upon this information I sent my precept both for Alsop, and to have his house searched for Radford, yet I have heard of neither, but it is very likely that the constable shall light of Alsop, because he is a gentleman, a landed man, and seldom from his house.—Elvaston, 23 August, 1599.
Signed, 1 p. (73. 11.)
The Earl of Nottingham to Mr. Secretary [Cecil].
1599, Aug. 24. I pray you let her Majesty know how readily we had despatched all the horses, saving them that we are now to despatch, which also shall be done with all expedition. The “clarge” [clergy] have order already and the rest of the voluntaries to-morrow morning. Sir, I thought but to remember you, that if the troops of Sir Francis Vere's should come, whether it were not fit some letter were written to Margate and Sandwich, that if they come thither, for them to stay there till they have farther direction, so it will be much lesser charge to her Majesty than if they should come up the river to Gravesend. And it may be, before their coming to Margate or Sandwich, that there may be cause not to disembark them, but for them presently to return. If you like of this, then there must be presently letters sent thither to this purpose, as also to my Lord Cobham for the quartering of them there, if there be cause of their disembarking.
Undated, Endorsed :—“1599, Aug. 24. L. Admiral.” 1 p. (73. 12.)
Sir John Peyton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 24. There was yesterday apprehended and brought before me by this bearer Thomas Webster, one Thomas Chrispe, a seminary priest, which May last came from Cyvell, and has continued in London about 9 weeks, during which time he confesses that he has said mass where divers were present, who were unto him, as he affirms, unknown. He also confesses that he received by the hands of a stranger in the street 40s. which was sent him from Blackwell the Archpresbyter. For matter touching the State, he protests he cannot discover anything. These kind of people do exceedingly swarm about this city, and in the counties recusants do by their means daily multiply. The end will grow to some inconvenience if by your providence and the rest of the Council there be not some timely prevention applied.
Alablaster in some stomach (as I conceive), because out of your wisdom you forebore to give him audience, refused to make any material confession upon his late examination before Mr. Attorney, Mr. Wade and myself : since which time he has desired to be permitted to write unto her Majesty some matter, as he says, touching the State : in the which I have accused his presumption, and after some reasoning found his humour of pride somewhat qualified, so as I conceive upon his next examination he will be more plain and moderate.—24 August, 1599.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Lieutenant of the Tower.” 1 p. (73. 18.)
John Wheler and Thomas Buttolphe, Bailiffs, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 24. We have stayed two men in our town that arrived here as passengers out of the Low Countries : Andrew Hunter, a Scottish preacher, as he saith, and Francis Larmynatus, a Frenchman born, as he saith : the Frenchman having about him some relics, painted papers and other things sanctified by the Pope, as we guess, with certain letters : the other having also divers letters, but especially a letter to the King of Scots. We send up those letters and other things, sealed up, by this bearer, praying your answer what shall be done with the parties. We also send their examinations enclosed, which because they tend both to one effect, that is, that they were determined to go for Scotland, and yet took shipping for this place, it made us the more to suspect them, because from Zeeland there pass daily ships into Scotland.—Yermouth, 24 August, 1599.
Signed. Endorsed :—“Bailiffs of Yermouth.” 1 p. (73. 16.)
The Enclosures :
(1.) The examination of Andrew Hunter, Mr. of Art in Scotland, and now a dweller in the Hague in Holland and preacher to the Scottish Regiment there, taken he/ore John Wheler and Thomas Buttolphe, bailiffs of Great Yarmouth, John Couldam and Thomas Damett, justices of the peace there, 24 August, 1599.
Being demanded what time he went last into the Low Countries, says he went from London in July last in a Flemish pink to Middelhorough, and from thence to the Hague, and so to the Scottish Regiment lying now at Bomell ward, where he stayed about 16 days, and thence returned to the Hague, and there stayed about 8 or 9 days, and continued ever since in Holland and Zeeland until the 22nd inst., when lie took shipping to come to Yarmouth, from thence intending to go into Scotland to deliver certain letters which he has from Colonel Edmonds to the King's Majesty of Scotland. Being demanded what acquaintance he had with the young man of France that came over in his company, says that he never saw him until Tuesday last that they met at Middle-borough, who was directed, to him by a Scottish merchant lying in Camphire called Nicholl Rede, as the servant of the Mr. of Mountrois in Scotland. (73. 14.)
(2.) Examination of Francis Larminatus, of Metis, in France, taken before the same on the same date.
Says he was born in Metis, and has served John Mountrois, son of Lord Mountrois, Chancellor of Scotland, since Easter last, in which time he has been with him at Rome, Naples and in divers places in Italy, and parted from him at Padua about 10 weeks past; and then his master appointed to meet him at the Hague in Holland. He came through Switzerland to the Hague, thinking to find his master there, but could not, and afterward understood by a letter that his master had written to a Scottish Colonel, that he should repair to London and there should find his master. Whereupon he went to Camphire in Zeeland, and there was given to understand that his master was gone from London to Scotland, wherefore he took shipping in a boat of Yarmouth being at Camphire to come to Yarmouth, in the company of a Scottishman, whose name he knows not, with intent to go into Scotland to his master. Before he came to this master, he served a Baron of Scotland called Mounsere de Burlayghe, who, going home into Scotland, preferred him to the service of his now master. 2 pp. (73. 15.)
Suspected Persons.
1599, August 24. (1.) Examination of Robert Antson, merchant, taken at Fowey before William Treffry, Esq., justice of peace in Cornwall, 24 August, 1599.
On Wednesday last he departed out of St. Malos, where he heard nothing of any Spanish galleys or ships to be on that coast. He was born at Wakefield in Yorkshire. His father lost his living in the beginning of her Majesty's reign for some cause of religion, and he, being 22 years of age, has for the most part lived in that county, and has there been in sundry troubles for his conscience, being a Catholic; and for the better liberty thereof, 6 weeks since he took shipping at Dover with purpose to live in St. Malo's with one Francis Nayler his kinsman there inhabiting, who has employed him in his service in Cork. The salt in the bark appertains to the master, and the swords and calivers to an Irish cutler inhabiting St. Malos, who had no other purpose but to sell them to the good subjects of Ireland; and that they were forced into this place by weather; whereon he gave his beads [and] one book containing a directory for his confession, to the master, desiring him so to bestow it that he (the examinate) thereby might endure no trouble. The last mass he heard was about 6 months since at one Mr. Caverlies, of the same place in Yorkshire, where 6 were present, whose names he knows not, nor understands of any ill-affected subjects, but the known recusants, and such as are imprisoned, nor can speak anything that may discover any imminent danger to the State, nor has taken any order of religion.
Signed. 1 p. (73. 18.)
(2.) Examination of Nicholas Hayes, shipmaster, taken as above.
He is of Washford in Ireland, and having been in the Straits, master of a ship, appertaining to Limbrick, arrived there in Lent last, and not daring to go over, and for fear of the rebels, took shipping there for St. Malos, thence to get passage for Washford : and he came out of St. Malos on Wednesday last, and can speak nothing of any ships or galleys of the enemy to be on that side, but says that the little bark and salt now driven into this harbour by contrary winds are his own, and that the swords and calivers appertain to an Irishman, a cutler of St. Malos, who purposes to sell the same at Waterford : that he has no powder, letters, nor other provision intended for the rebels, and that the company of his bark are two Scots, one Frenchman, and an English passenger named Robert Antson, servant (as he thinks) to Mr. Nayler of St. Malos, who sends him on his business of merchandise into Ireland, which Antson, as they were putting into this harbour, did deliver him a book which he hurled into the sea, and a pair of beads which he kept. Being demanded why he denied the receiving of the said book and beads, answered that he reputed the same of so small regard that he forgot the same : and says Antson is no priest, as he supposes, but that there were two Irish priests, students of Douay, now at St. Malos, that would have given him largely for passage into Ireland, but he refused to bring them.
Signed. 1 p. (73. 18.)
Sir Edward Hoby to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 25. I attended yesterday upon my Lady who, as she said, had written a long letter before to you, wherein she had at full imparted her mind. Notwithstanding I reasoned the case with her, and that very hardly, [she] gave way to many humours and passages, and what is effected will appear by her own letter enclosed. I found her in a resolution of not seeking her daughters' commodity in the sale so much as a remembrance to remain for ever of a rotten house of Russell; another while, a disposition to put it into tenements; a repetition of 100l. land once offered by Lord Burghley; a great sum likewise tendered by the old Earl of Huntingdon; but her conclusion, to insist upon 2,000l. and 6l. fee farm. I was often choked with my own unthriftiness, and charged to be most yours. I find she claims a promise that you meant to see her, which upon your coming to London some time should in my opinion be well bestowed.—Chanon Row, 25 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 19.)
George, Earl of Cumberland to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, [about Aug. 25]. My desire to have what is committed to me well discharged forces me to desire that with expedition I may have power to put these men of the City in some better order, for except there be time to train them, and that they be better overseen, they will come to the camp little able to do service. Let me know what I shall do, for as it is, I lose much time to no purpose—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, 1599.” ½ p. (73. 62.)
The Privy Council to the Lord Mayor and the Earl of Cumberland.
1599, Aug. 25. Whereas her Majesty has by her letters joined your Lordship the Earl of Cumberland with you the Lord Mayor in care and charge of all martial causes : forasmuch as now the Sp[anish] fleet is discovered upon the coast of France, and that there is now high time for every good subject to show his duty and affection to their Sovereign and country, it is her Majesty's will and pleasure that with all speed you do put in readiness all the armed force of the city; as also that you do presently take care for the defence of the river with the crompsters and such other vessels as are in the Thames, to impeach the coming up of the galleys : in all this to proceed with all expedition, without such disputation and backwardness as heretofore hath been used, as you will answer it at your peril. And where there hath been certain number of horses dismissed of part of her Majesty's army, we do also require you to make stay of all such horses, to be disposed afterwards as by her Majesty's General the Earl of Nottingham shall be appointed. You must consider that by the disposition of the winds they must needs be on the coast of England by this time, being all at Conquet on Wednesday last.—Undated.
Draft, in hand of Sir Robert Cecil. Endorsed :—“25 August, 1599. A copy of a letter from the Lords to the Lord Mayor and the Earl of Cumberland.” 2 pp. (73. 21.)
A copy of the above. (73. 22.)
Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Privy Council.
1599, Aug. 25. I have sent this bearer Captain Leget as well to put your Lordships in mind of the great want both of ordnance and shot for the defence of this place as to bring these letters, whereby it may appear that the design of the enemy for England is for this year altered, and I beseech you some course may be taken for the supply thereof in time, inasmuch as the want is so evident to all men of any judgment. I will forbear to speak what shifts I have been forced unto for want thereof; yet according to the old saying, better a bad shift than none at all. Such ordnance as by your Lordships I was appointed to receive out of Corfe, this bearer can best deliver what answer he had, and what they Were that are there; for I entreated him to take the pains, inasmuch as I myself could not have leisure to have seen them shipped and sent to this place.—25 August.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1599. Sir Fer. Gorges.” 1 p. (73. 23.)
Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 25. My Lord of Bath sent out at his being here a small pinnace of this town, whereof Mr. Bagge and some others were owners, who hath returned this intelligence hereinclosed, whereby it may appear that it is likely their purpose for England is broken off for this year, but the next they will go forwards; wherefore, seeing by experience the many defects and want of this place, I thought it fit in time to solicit a supply of as many of them as is possible to be provided, the which I have herewith sent to their Lordships, humbly desiring that such consideration may be had of them as necessity and time require. And to speak of the estate of these parts, to the end you may not be deceived by the reports of ignorant people : first, for the gentry, they are in faction, and divided amongst themselves, so as whatsoever the one would make the other will endeavour to mar, and in truth ignorant what they ought to do; the most of them of a disposition to please the people about them without a sound consideration of the public good; the people themselves (I mean the men appointed to arms) a raw multitude, without either use of their arms or knowledge of any order. So as, however we made show of ourselves, if we had been suddenly attempted, you would have heard of much confusion and mighty disorders. For here was no one captain nor officer more than I had of my own that understood anything. These 300 that are here, if it might stand with her Majesty's pleasure to keep them here until next year, would be better than any 1,500 in the country to be brought hither upon a sudden; besides, it would be a means to continue some officers together, to her Majesty a great certainty, and the undoubted safety of this place. Further, if the enemy offer to land in any other part of this country, I can myself with better assurance promise to impeach his landing, and warrant to keep him from fortifying upon all this coast, if so I may be authorised from her Majesty; for by this already past, both the state of this people and country is sufficiently known to me, and what course is to be taken with them, which makes me the bolder to presume to speak thus much. The commodity of keeping them here can be nothing to me in my particular, for I have appointed them to several captains, as 100 to my cousin Gorges, to whom I have appointed a sufficient lieutenant; another 100 to Captain Dodington, and the third to Captain Catchmay. This I have done at this present the better to defend the place, as also to keep some officers together, my own estate indeed being so weak as I am not able to do any more of myself, having spent all upon them I have been able to make. This I refer to your consideration, desiring you to help my present want, which I protest is not small.—Undated.
Signed, Endorsed :—“25 August, 1599.” 1½ pp. (73. 20.)
John Stanhope to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 25. I advertised of an information made to me by Rowland Madocke against Humphry Alsop, the sum whereof was that Alsop being a recusant received divers times suspicious persons to his house, whose in and out “gates” thither and thence were usually very early or late, mornings and evenings; and amongst others, John Radford, a seminary priest, for whom there had been divers times search in the country, whom Madocke affirmed to have seen in Alsop's house, Alsop and Radford looking out at a window together. Whereupon I sent by precept for Alsop, and withal to have his house searched for Radford. Alsop was brought to me by the constable of Ripley. Radford could not be found. Alsop I have sent up to you, who much desired the same of himself. I would have sent up Madocke likewise, but by Alsop's means he is imprisoned upon an execution.—Elvaston, 25 August.
Signed. Endorsed :—“1599.” 1 p. (73. 25.)
Sir Thomas Leighton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 25. On the 24th here arrived a bark from St. Malo's, in which came a passenger directly from Madrill, in Spain, who departed from thence the 1st inst., according to their calculation. Causing him to be examined, because he came very suspiciously, I found he had four letters about him, whereof three were unsealed. I the rather suspected him, because he said the letters were to be delivered, some to the Queen, contrary to their directions. I send them to you, together with the party, and have charged the master of the bark, James Seager, to see him and the letters delivered to you.—Guernsey, 25 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 26.)
Robert More to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 26. In London lately I met a young man of my acquaintance, from whom I learnt that he could discover certain Jesuits and Seminary priests who haunt in the North parts of England. I have thought it my duty to commend him unto you. I was at Court on Friday last, but could not have the opportunity to speak with you, and being sent up to London by a cousin of mine own, one of the clergy, I could not stay.—London, the 26th of August, 1599.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (54. 88.)
Elizabeth, Dowager Lady Russell to Mr. Secretary [Cecil].
1599, Aug. 26. My daughters have written to me that for less than 2,000l. in money and 30l. rent to pay the Bishop's rent with, and 14l. de claro to themselves, which is 30l. yearly rent and 2,000l. in money; else, not to let Cary's tenement without greater allowance in respect of building already done, will breed greater benefit to them in the end of his lease. In token I deal honestly, I send you their letter. I can say no more. It is theirs who will not willingly part with Cary's house to be joined for 2,000l. which as a tenement has been so long severed but 2,000l, and 30l, yearly rent for what the Countess now enjoys.—From “the Spaniards.”—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“26 August 1599. Lady Russell.” 1 p. (73. 27.)
William Ellys to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 26. According to your letter of the 25th inst., I have sent Phillip Cooper unto you, requiring him to make all possible speed in his journey to the Court.—Bristol, 26 August, 1599.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Mayor of Bristow.” ½ p. (73. 28.)
Sir Nicholas Parker to the Privy Council.
1599, Aug. 26. According to my last letters, I sent to St. Ives and caused an examination to be taken of the Brittons there, of whom there is not delivered any matter of consequence. Since the sending away of those, I received others from the Mayor of Plymouth, touching one Deacon, servant (as he pretends) to Mr. Richard Hawkins, now prisoner in Spain, and by him, as he says, sent from Madrill with letters to you; which Deacon being shipped in one of St. John de Luce for Plymouth, was by force of weather put into Conquet and there shipped himself in a Crosicker for St. Ives. (Thus the Mayor of Plymouth.) Whereupon I caused not only the harbours hereabouts to be searched for this man, but sent also to all other harbours and towns on the sea coasts throughout this country, by means whereof I have got this intelligence enclosed. I have also sent copy to the Mayor of Plymouth, that he give notice to the coasts eastwards.
Touching the estate of my own charge. On her Majesty's pleasure known for continuing a sufficient number of soldiers near this place as are appointed for the defence thereof, and dismissing the rest, whereas these parts are not able, either for power or number to yield them, the lieutenants conferring with me thereupon, out of all the companies of the divisions next adjoining (taking three or four out of each company), have allowed me 100 men, besides my own garrison, which is but 45, to be here attendant until your farther pleasure known; which number is a very weak company for the defence of a place so spacious, and especially considering the strength thereof as yet imperfect, the want of ordnance, whereof I find myself not sufficiently provided, and the scattered strength of the country, by means whereof (notwithstanding their willingness) they cannot be so sudden assembled upon any sudden alarm, as was well seen upon this last, by reason of the galleys at Conquet and fleet descried on this coast, for that in two days they were not able to have made any reasonable head if need had been. In which time the enemy, not finding indifferent resistance, might have put me in great danger. These causes have made me to be a suitor to you that there may be consideration had of the great charge laid on me, whereby I stand so far engaged in credit, which for my own part shall appear whensoever occasion is given, that I will discharge so far forth as my power and life will maintain.—Pendennis, August 26, 1599.
Signed. 1½ pp. (73. 30.)
William Treffry to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 26. I received from Mr. Stallenge of Plymouth your letters, giving warrant for the posting of such advertisements touching the State as the fitness of this place and my industry may discover. There arrived in this harbour on Friday a bark of 16 tons bound for Ireland, wherein there were great store of swords and calivers, with some French pistols. These, considering the dangerous and troublesome times, I have caused to be landed here and to be offered to sale by the owner, to avoid the danger they should be meant for the rebels. The bark and company do likewise here remain until there may be further order, either from you upon the perusal of these enclosed examinations, or from the deputy-lieutenants.—Fowye, 26 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 31.)
[For the enclosures, see supra, pp. 320–1.]
W. Stallenge to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 27. I understand it has pleased my Lord Treasurer to grant my request for payment of such monies as I rest owing for her Majesty's corn. Your letters for Mr. Treffrie I sent to him and herewith return his answrer. I have no further news of the bark I despatched from Fowy, neither by any other from the coast of Spain.—Plymouth, 27 August, 1599.
[P.S.]—Here is arrived John Fleming with the bark despatched from Fowy. His service I find not to be such as I was informed he was a man able to perform. He alleges many excuses. In fine, I understand not anything by him of importance to be certified. I will presently discharge him and the bark.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 32.)
William Treffry to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, August 27. Since my last advertisements touching the arrival of an Irish bark into this harbour, wherein there were great quantities of rapiers and other munition for the war, and one Antson whom I suspected to have been a priest—which, according to your letters, I conveyed to Mr. Stallenge of Plymouth, and hope that my letters and examinations are come to your hand—I have procured the bark to be carefully searched, and in a hogshead of salt there is found a barrel of Papistical books, as well English as Latin, composed by sundry English seminaries and others, in one of which books I found these enclosed papers. Antson, who affirms himself to be the servant of Naylor of St. Malo's, and employed in the voyage as factor without any merchandise, utterly disclaims to have any notice of these books. I find him to be a very obstinate Papist, unwilling to take his oath of the supremacy, somewhat learned, understanding the Spanish and Italian tongues, and of gentlemanlike behaviour and education. What your pleasure shall be herein I pray may be certified.—Fowy, 27 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 33.)
Lord Thomas Howard to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 27 I received this letter this morning from the Governor of Calais. How much of it is true or false, I cannot determine, but leave it to your better knowledge and judgment, being now so full of business in making preparation to encounter this proud foolish enemy as I have scant time to bestow of any other thought.
I had taken order before your letter came for the sending over of Sir Richard Lewson to Calais Road, who is attended by all the crompsters and his own fleet he had before my coming. The Admiral of Holland is likewise gone in his company with 9 ships. They will do what they may to impeach the galleys, which I fear will be difficult, by reason that the baggages will ever keep so near the shore. Myself, with the rest of her Majesty's fleet, do here wait for a wind that may give us liberty to go look upon these bravoes, and then I doubt not but to make them wish themselves at home in an ill harbour. The Admiral of Holland has sent to advertise his coast of the coming of these galleys. Part of the fleet of Hollanders are come within the Sleave; the rest are gone for the West Indies.—27 August.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1599.” 1 p. (73. 34.)
Sir John Popham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 27. Recommends the suit of the bearer, Mr. Palmer, for the Controllership of the Mint, in succession to his late father.—Lytlecote, 27 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (73. 35.)
Sir Edward Stafford to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 27. His wife thanks Cecil for his great kindness to her son. Encloses the son's letter, showing how far he was on his way. Is of Cecil's mind, that considering the Queen's humour, it is none the worse that the son has been stayed rather than come.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“27 August, 1599.” 1 p. (73. 36.)
The Lord Admiral and Sir Robert Cecil to Lord Thomas Howard.
1599, Aug. 28. To the intent that you may know to what her Majesty is now disposed, we do send you the directions and the causes from whence they proceed, leaving many particular things to your own discreet judgments, whose experience we know needs not more remembrances. You shall understand that, the 15th of this month, our style, the fleet under the Adelantado is gone, in number 70 ships, out of the Groine, and gone to the southward towards the islands after the Flemings, who they think doth lie for the treasure. Their galleys which have been there since the 5th of this month, are still in the Groine, in great misery, as appeareth by our own certain intelligence from the place, and by divers packets which we have in our own hands, which were taken at the North Cape by a man-of-war in a carvel going from Ferroll to Caliz. Those letters intercepted bear date the 20th of August, our style, and with infinite diligence were brought to Plymouth with a strong westerly wind, and arrived here yester-night at 12 of the clock from Sir Ferd. Gorge by Captain Legat. They write in them that the Adelantado had been out 5 days, with a good wind, and pray that it may so continue. The officers of the galleys write of the misery they are like to be in, if they winter in that port, where they little looked to have stayed so long, being bound for England and countermanded from the Court, by this diversion of the Flemings and by the rashness of the Adelantado, who carried on this adventure and yet was often told that the year was overgrown, especially for the galleys. But no, say they, if we be driven to winter here we shall be half dead, and most of us, I think, must go home cavalleros andantes, for by the way six of our galleys were almost drowned near the North Cape on a rock, and it is here a miracle to see the sun.
More of these things we could write, but we have now no leisure but to [send] to you her Majesty's direction, for we conceive it is not possible, if the fleet had purposed hither, that being five days at sea before these letters were written, and the wind hanging since it hath done and bringing us this news so speedily from sea, but that they must of necessity have been on our coast ere now, so as, comparing the letters with all other circumstances (though it may be said that he gave out his purpose for the Islands, which might be for England or Ireland), we have yet thought good to deliver you her Majesty's pleasure that if you hear not from us again within five days to the contrary, or receive not yourself intelligence most assured, that you do resolve to bring home her Majesty's fleet with great care and safety, all saving these which follow here written. First, her Majesty will have Sir Rych. Lewson, with those he had in the Narrow Seas before your coming, left still at sea, and she will also have with him Alexander Clyfford in the Rainbow, with two of the best and most serviceable crumpsters to stay with him, all these to keep the Narrow Seas. And in respect that you do all know that the six galleys (which are either past you or in some harbour short of you, as Newhaven, all which is better known to you) may do mischief to the navy that shall be returned, her Majesty's pleasure is that Sir H. Palmer, with some such ship as you with his advice shall think most fit, with four crumpsters, do lie at Sheerness, to guard both the river for the navy and to have an eye to the Thames. And forasmuch as your month's victual for the whole fleet, when all these shall be returned, will be much unspent, as we hope, we do therefore pray your Lordship to take this order that all that may be spared of the month's victual may be put into all the ships and crompsters that are to be used in the service aforesaid, as well with Sir Rych. Lewson as with Sir H. Palmer. For all other matter of all sort of provision, we do know your Lordship and the others will have especial care that no ill account be made, seeing you have proceeded no further, and that her Majesty doth repose so much confidence in you.
Since this letter written, we have received yours of the 27 of August, with the Governor of Calais included, which would have startled us if we had not known what before we writ. And thus desiring you to bethink you all you can to see if those galleys may be met with by some means or run ashore, we do commit you to God's protection.
Draft in the hand of Sir Robert Cecil.
Endorsed :—“1599, 28 August. Copy of a letter to the Lord Thomas from the Lord Admiral and my Master.” 5 pp. (73. 37.)
John Blytheman, Mayor, to the Privy Council.
1599, Aug. 28. By my letter of the 23rd, I certified of one Philip Decon that was to come from Concket in a Briton bark to St. Ives, whither I sent to enquire for him; but it appears by the examination herewith that he arrived not there, but went from Concket to St. Malo's to take shipping there, so I suppose he is arrived in some other port to the eastwards and is gone to the Court. As yet there is not any other news of the Spaniards but such as is already certified.—Plymouth, 28 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 40.)
Enclosures :
(1) Examination of George Whittington of Bristowe, merchant, taken before Thomas Chiverton, esq., 26th August, 1599.
He has continued in Naunts and Crosicke 8 months past, by way of merchandise, and came from Crosicke on Sunday last in a little Brytton boat which he freighted with salt for St. Ives. On Tuesday following, they met with 6 great galleys a little off from Penmarck, which struck sail and went in for Conquett. They were likewise seen by William Pytts of St. Ives coming from Burneathe.
There was a young man, naming himself servant to Mr.Hawkins, that came of late from Madrill to St. John de Luic by land, and there embarked for Plymouth in a French ship, and with contrary winds put into Crosyck, and therein came aboard the Brytton boat that this examinate is, minding to come with them to England, and came out with them some six leagues into the sea, and were driven back again by contrary winds, and then he departed overland to St. Malo's 9 days past; what became of him afterwards he knows not the same fellow showed him certain letters directed to the Lady Hawkins, wherein were enclosed, as he told this examinate, certain letters to the Council, importing the Spanish fleet and their purpose : which letters, he said, were sent from Mr. Hawkins, being prisoner in Madrill.
These jour Brytton vessels which came into St. Ives this last week are all of Crosick, well known to him, and are laden with salt of purpose to make sale in this country : and some of them freighted by merchants of St. Ives, and came from Crosick 8 days before this examinate.
Signed by Thomas Chiverton. 1 p. (73. 29.)
(2) Report and saying of George Whittington, to the same effect as preceding examination. (73. 41.)
Army in Ireland.
1599, Aug. 28. Companies of foot left in Leinster :—
At Maryborough 150 Sir Fra. Russhe.
At Monastereven 150 Sir Warham St. Leger.
At Phillipstown 100 C. Owen Salisbury.
In Ophaly 100 C. Wolverston.
At the Naas 100 C. Bowstred.
100 C. Fortescu.
At Kildare 150 E. of Kildare.
At Dublin Castle 150 Sir Tho. West.
At Reban 100 C. Tho. Lea.
Towards the mountains 150 C. Dale.
100 C. Bromley.
100 C. Oswey.
In the counties of Carloughe 200 E. of Ormond.
Kilkennye, and towards Mounster 150 Sir Fra. Darcye.
” ” 150 Sir Carewe Reynell.
” ” 100 C. Atkinson.
” ” 100 C. Sackford.
” ” 100 C. Kenrick.
” ” 100 C. J. Salisbury.
” ” 100 C. Ric. Crofts.
” ” 100 C. Nic. Tracy.
At Fernes and at Eniskorthy 150 Sir Ric. Masterson.
” ” 100 Wr. Mr. Edmond.
” ” 150 C. Tho. Williams.
” ” 100 C. Eustace.
” ” 150 James Fitzpierce.
At Trymm 150 Sir H. Carey.
Foot appointed to go into the field with the Lord Lieutenant in his journey towards the North the— of — '99.
The guards, 200. Sir H. Dockwra, 200. C. J. Chamberlain, 150. Mr. of the Ordnance, 100. C. Yaxley, 150. C. Charles Manners, 100. C. Alford, 100. C. Basset, 100. Sir Wm. Warren, 100. Sir Charles Percy, 150. Sir Oliver Lambert, 150. Sir Ric, Morrison, 150. Sir Ed. Michelborn, 150. C. Ellis
Jones, 150. Sir Mat. Morgan, 150. C. John Pooley, 150. C. Sydney, 100. C. Roe, 100. C. Harrison, 100. L. Burghe, 150. C. John Masterson, 100. C. Tho. Loftus, 100. Sir Christopher St. Lawrence, 200. C. Esmond, 100. Sir H. Power, 200. C. Folliat, 100. C. Ellis Fludd, 100. -C. Wynn, 100. L. Awdley, 200. C. Foulk Conway, 150. C. Heath, 100. Sir Ric. Lovelace, 100. C. Fitton, 100. C. Trevor, 100. C. Charles Egerton, 100. C. Leigh, 100. C. Pynner, 100. Sir Robt. Drury, 200.
Sum total, as they stand in list, 4,950.
Horse appointed to go into the field with the Lord Lieutenant.
His Lordship's own company 100
E. of Southampton 100
Sir H. Davers 100
L. Montegle 50
Sir John Leigh 50
C. Flemminge 25
Sir Wm. Warren 25
C. Garret Moore 25
Summa 450 (sic)
In hand of E. Reynolds, Essex's secretary.
Endorsed :—“A list of foot and horse appointed to go into the field with the Lord Lieutenant towards the North, the 28 of August, '99.” 2 pp. (73. 42.)
[This is the list enclosed by the Earl of Essex in his letter of 30 Aug. See Cal. of S. P. Ireland, Eliz., 1599, p. 137.]
The Lord Admiral, the Lord Chamberlain and Sir Robert Cecil to Mr. George Fenner and Sir Ferdinando Gorges.
1599, 28 or 29 Aug.] There being a means for you to do her Majesty some notable service, and for the Low Country men to free themselves from those galleys that are principally destined for their quarters, you shall understand that, there sideth in the Bay of Hogue (Hoggh), near the bank, six galleys. On Monday night they rode close aboard the shore, the wind being full south west, but blew so great a gale as they durst not come on. We have already directed the ships in the Narrow Seas to lie for them as well as the wind and weather will permit, but this wind standing as it is, our hope must be in that which shall be done from the westward, and therefore we do require you to take the benefit thereof, and to bring with you any ships that you shall find there, Flemish or English, which are fit for such a service, and, if ye find the Truelove, take her with you, howsoever she is. Ye must, therefore, let the Admiral of those Flemings that are there understand that, if [he] or they shall not lay all respects aside and attend this, the States shall have occasion to condemn them of great negligence, for the Queen hath written to them that she hath now sent you and them word of this, and she is sure that they will not mislike anything which they shall do upon this occasion by her direction. We pray you, therefore, to do your best for this, and to make all the shift you can to turn out, and, if it should be so that you could get no other ship without tarrying so as to lose opportunity, yet come away yourself with your own ship and the Truelove and the pinnace. Tarry not, good George, but do the best you can, for we would be very glad that these baggages might be catched or canvassed. Assure yourself that your ship and the Truelove will beat them if there were no more to assist you. And thus in all haste we end. You shall also hear that there are three or four small Frenchmen or Scotsmen in their company, which carry their victuals. Let no such pass unsearched, for they have Spaniards aboard, though they be French bottoms.
G. Fenner, you are a wise man and have experienced how to use stratagems. It will not be amiss, if you think good, to lay a bait for them in this sort; that some league before you some barque may be sent, and take in her ordnance as though she were no man-of-war, which peradventure may entice them from the shore to come off and take her, but this we do but remember unto you, leaving all things to your discretion. Expedition is now all, and resolution. If you light on them, you will find good store of treasure in them.
Draft in Cecil's hand. 3 pp. (54. 95.)
Sir Thomas Fane to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 29. Has sent up to Cecil the master of the barque which came from Dieppe, who is also captain of her, to answer Cecil's questions; sending with him as guide and interpreter the bearer, John Pettyman. Has promised them recompense for their charges.—Dover Castle, 29 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 44.)
Sir Thomas Fane to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 29. I received your letters by Marcus Coomans and Jeronimo his brother, who showed me their pass from the Lord Admiral and yourself, and will further their more speedy transportation. I have caused the master of the barque that came from Dieppe, with a guide, to repair to you.—Dover Castle, 29 August, 1599.
Holograph. Endorsed with postal times. 1 p. (73. 45.)
Sir Robert Dormer to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 29. Encloses two letters to his wife and himself from his son-in-law Huddilston, obscurely signifying his meaning to slip beyond the seas. Hopes Cecil will consider how unpleasant these proceedings are to him, having bestowed his daughter on Huddilston to his great charge, and having for the most part ever since maintained them and their children and servants.—Wyng, 29 August, 1599.
Holograph, 1 p. (73. 46.)
The Enclosure :
Huddleston to Sir Robert Dormer.
Entreats Dormers favourable construction of the causes which have led him to take “this course”; lie then hopes Dormer will not so much condemn him “although you may persuade yourself it is dangerous to you, in respect of my being in your house; but the true cause of my going being known, I hope there will prove neither danger to you nor to myself, for I protest it was without the privity of you or any of your house.” He was so far indebted that he durst not walk abroad, and in hope his father would take some order, he has long lived obscurely. Seeing his father will do nothing, he is enforced to this course, where he both hazards the favour of his Prince and the loss of his friends, yet he will rather live in a strange country in misery than in his native soil “not answerable to my mind.” If by Dormer's persuasion to his father he may hear that he is a free man, he will return.—Undated. Unsigned. Endorsed :—“Auqust 1599.” 1 p. (73. 65.)
Marmaduke Servant to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 29. It pleased Mr. Manerde [Maynard] yesterday, at his departure out of the town, to give me order for the despatch of certain businesses, which is performed according to your direction.
You directed your letters to the burgesses of Westminster to take care of the town this troublesome time, and to have a continual watch of divers honest householders, for the better guarding of her Majesty's Except and other “monyments” and records. We the said burgesses have performed the watch ever since. Their petition is that it would please you to release them of the watch until there be further occasion. I thank you for your good venison.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“29 August, '99.” 1 p. (73. 50.)
Sir Edward Coke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 29. I have perused a book to be passed from the Bishop and Dean and Chapter of Sarum, but such a one, and is prime impressionis, for sure I am the like was never seen before, for they grant certain manors to her Majesty under condition that her Majesty within three months shall grant some of those manors to Sir Walter Raleigh, and some others to a friend of their own and his heirs (and yet when anything is to be done to her Majesty they pretend sincerity of conscience); also upon condition that her Majesty shall seal within three months the “counterpane” of their grant, whereby her Majesty shall grant to the Dean and Chapter of Sarum divers manors during every vacation of the bishop, and the custody of all the manors that they now have or hereafter shall have, with other unreasonable and unreverent conditions and covenants, whereby such indignity is offered to her Majesty as is too presumptuous, and prejudical also, if it should be suffered : for first, to draw a book and without the privity of her Majesty's counsel learned, to seal and deliver it; 2, to bind her Majesty upon condition within three months to grant part to one and part to their friend, as though her Majesty that never wronged any would deal unjustly and were not to be trusted; 3, upon like condition that she should grant manors and lands during the vacation of the bishopric to the Dean and Chapter, that never was thought of. Hereby they condition with her Majesty (which is no good condition) that unless she will do these things within three months, all which they have done shall be void. Whereof I thought it my duty to inform you, for the danger may grow to her Majesty by this precedent. And therefore it is not amiss to cause their grant to her Majesty to be enrolled and to take a pause, that this course secundum ordinem Sarum be not permitted.—29 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 52.)
Sir Horatio Palavicino to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 29. Now that public affairs leave some space for private ones, may I remind you of the petition of old Vincenzio Venetiano, who still awaits his payment when the forty days mentioned in the decree have passed not once but twice over.—London, 29 Aug., 1599.
Holograph. Italian. Seal. ½ p. (179. 81.)
J. Herbert, Dr. Julius Cæsar, Robert Beale, Dr. Ch. Parkins and Daniel Dun to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 30. According to the Lords' letter to the Attorney General of the 19th inst., touching the cause between the merchants of Marseilles and Captain Duffeld, he has been with us, and upon conference has constituted Mr. Dr. Styward, Mr. Dr. Creake, and Mr. Dr. Hone as counsellors and advocates, and Mr. Dr. Barker, Mr. Francis Clerk, and Mr. Geoffrey Clerk as proctors, to follow the cause on her Majesty's behalf, in his absence, before us. A draft has been made of an information by the said doctors and proctors, which being approved by the Attorney General, was this day exhibited before us, which we have accepted, and given order for a copy to be delivered to the French, and upon their reply, do mind to proceed to a definite sentence. We are informed that the French Ambassador has taken upon him the defence of the cause, and that he is discontented with our doings. Wherefore it may be that he will trouble you with this matter before that any replication shall be exhibited unto us here. For which cause we send you a copy of the said information, to the intent you may understand what has been done hitherto and what may be answered to his importunity. Touching the proofs of the several points of the said information, we are bold once again humbly to beseech you to cause all such things as may be found among the papers of our very good Lord your late father, concerning the actions between her Majesty and the French King in the years 1589, 1590, 1591, and 1592, to be sought up, and what further notes or pamphlets' may be found printed of any particular point contained in the information, which we will see faithfully restored to you again. We have sought up as much as we could find touching the actions of those times, and suppose that we might be greatly helped by these means. And so we should be able to justify the contents of the said information, and to answer all such objections as may be made to the contrary.—Doctors Commons, 30 August, 1599.
Signed as above. Endorsed :—“The Commrs for matters of Depredation to the Lords.” 2 pp. (73. 53.)
Mission to Denmark.
1599, Aug. 30. “Tho. Ferrers' days for Denmark began the 10 April, '99 : he returned to her Majesty the 30 August, '99, being in all 142 days. The allowance per day, with transportation, 30s. In prest, received beforehand, 100l. Tho. Ferrers.”
Holograph. Endorsed :—“1599” ½ p. (73. 54.)
Ed. Lord Cromwell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 30. Prays Cecil to further his suit for a gift of woods excepted and yet remaining ungiven at Launde. The bearer, Mr. Pecke, attends Cecil's pleasure in the matter.—Launde, 30 August, 1599.
Holograph. 1 p. (73. 61.)
Lord Thomas Howard, Sir W. Ralegh and Foulke Grevyll to the Lord High Admiral of England and Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 31. We received your letters of the 30th of this present, together with that enclosed from the Mayor of Weymouth, to which advertisement we for our parts do not give any great credit; for your Lordship my Lord Admiral doth well know that if any such fleet had been seen near Shurbrook in the sea, that these forcible winds would have cast them on our coast, or thrust them somewhere to the eastward of this place, being impossible for any ship to keep the Channel in these outrageous storms; and if it might he thought that they might ride in the bay of Hogges, we are thereof resolved by a Scottishman that at the writing hereof came into the Downs and was at Newhaven yesterday, being the 30th, who affirmeth that at Newhaven there is no such thing spoken of or understood; besides, we had the winds on Wednesday at north west and north north west, and with that wind it is death in that place, and if that wind had removed them, they must have been with us ere this (not being found upon our coast elsewhere). Where it pleased your Honours in this your last of the 30th, to command us to leave all the crompsters with Sir Richard Leveson, saving those that are to attend Sir Henry Palmer, and to appoint them to keep the French side, and to do their endeavour to stop the galleys from entering Newhaven; we assure you that all this last riding in Calais road and near Ryse Bank, the hoys are so spoiled as they are not able to follow that service until they be supplied with new ground tackle, for most of them have lost all, arid are here driven to keep under sail, having never a cable to ride by. We have sent to Sandwich to see what may be had there, but that place cannot supply above one or two of them, and if you look to have them attend these services, some order must be taken to send them ground tackles of 10 or 12 inches and anchors of 7 or 8 hundred, for they were taken and sent hither with such poor furniture as they had, whereof he that was best provided had not above two cables and anchors. We are of opinion that they are vessels of excellent use, if they were well provided of other things as they are of ordnance, but all other munitions are very defective. We will, notwithstanding, choose the best and fit them as we can, until it shall please you to give other order for them.
We do further beseech you to believe us in this true complaint, that both our drink, fish and beef is so corrupt as it will destroy all the men we have, and if they feed on it but a few days, in very truth we should not be able to keep the seas, what necessity soever did require the same, unless some new provision be made, for as the companies in general refuse to feed on it, so we cannot in reason or conscience constrain them, so as we fear that your commandment to us to leave some store of victuals (upon our return) among the other ships will not be possible, for ought we find it, having cause to doubt that there will hardly be found ten days' victual to carry them over the sands and so into Chatham.—From aboard her Majesty's good ship the Eliz. Jonas, in the Downs, 31 August, 1599.
[P.S.]—We have this day, finding the galley of no use, discharged her, and sent for Quinborowe, there to remain, and to follow such direction as you shall appoint them.
Signed as above. On the back is :
“post post post hast hast post hast. Howard.
At Sandwich the last of August past 9 at nyght.
At Canterbery at past 12 in the nighte.
Sittingborn the first of September at 5 in the morning.
Rochester the first of Siptmbr past 8 in the moringe.
Dartford the first day at past 10 aforenoone.”
2 pp. (73. 56.)
Samuel Cokburne to his uncle, Archibald Douglas.
1599, Aug. 31. Describes his solitary mode of life, and expresses good wishes. “I think fortune never did contrar any as your affairs here has been thwarted; your adversaries many and your friends but few; the credit of the one both great and long continuing, the other still standing in disgrace, at least in no account, as that for my part I ascribe nothing to fortune, but only God's providence, who has not thought this country worthy of your travail and service. I will say no further, yet sure I am, such as you have committed credit unto has been painful and honest, and so will you find in the end.” Begs for the renewal of a certain gift.—Wost Hous, last of August, 1599.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (73. 57.)
Sir Thomas Fane to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 31. Has this instant received the enclosed from Calais.—Dover Castle, 31 August, 1599.
Holograph. ½ p. (73. 58.)
W. Kingesmill to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. 31. My sister's miserable estate moves me and the rest of her friends to be suitors for her, that though neither we nor she can determine wherein she might be relieved, you yet would use the best means you can for her, wherein we and she shall be most bound unto you.—The last of August, 1599.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (179. 82.)
Thomas Arundell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. Is here at Warder. Offers services to the Queen, and acknowledges the grace received from her. As to Cecil's horse. The forwardness of the ignorant justices in these parts, and specially in Dorsetshire, will work little good in time, if better order be not taken; their harrying up and down of the people, their often chargeable and untimely musters, together with their dismayed looks and speeches, strike such fear into the honester sort, and give such hope of novelties to the beggarly and rascally sort, as were better to be remedied in time than to be long consulted of. Enemies are ever dangerous, but disorders at home are more dangerous.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, 1599. Mr. Arundell to my Mr.” 1 p. (73. 59.)
Sir George Carew to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. Asks for a warrant for the delivery to him of one of her Majesty's tents, like those used in the progress for the cooks or musicians, in which the powder and match may be placed to defend the same from the weather. Desires it forthwith, as the Lord General has commanded him to draw his munitions into the field with all possible expedition, “whereof he doth well to give me warning in time, for under three or four days I shall not be able to load the same out of the Tower into carts.” If the alarm be more assuredly confirmed by later posts, he beseeches Cecil to let him know the news.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, 1599.” 1 p. (73. 60.)
Captain N. Dawtrey to —.
1599, Aug. Her Majesty being now invaded with a puissant navy and army, he discusses the defensive measures to be taken. The ancient use of England has been, at the first approach, to give battle, as well by sea as by land; which, as the Prince of Parma held with Sir James Croft, has been the cause that this realm has seldom been attempted with any royal forces but it has been carried. Recommends that resolute battle should not be given, either by sea or land, while the enemy is in his prime of strength; the landing of the enemy to be impeached as far as may be without so doing. Details the subsequent proceedings which he recommends. As to the land forces, the policy of England has been too much to advance the pike, and too carelessly to regard the shot, which is the best offensive weapon. Makes various recommendations accordingly. Quotes some ancient battles in proof of his general principle, and adds, “and so doth the beggarly country of Ireland impeach her Majesty's armies any time these four or five years, whereof we have too late experience.”—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, 1599.” 2½ pp. (73. 63.)
The Earl of Nottingham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. This morning Sir Thomas Garret told me that there was one come from the Low Countries and had brought letters with him, and that he thought he was gone to you. If there be anything of Sir F. Vere, I pray you let me hear of it, for I wish greatly his being here with his men, for I protest I think 2,000 of them worth my 8,000 of these called trained men. There was never prince so deceived as her Majesty has been with this word of trained men, for I am surely persuaded there is not in these shires nominated to this service, and many stewards named, not one thousand trained men, or that can so much as march in good and just order; and where the count was of Sussex of 4,000, there is but 2,000. These deceits are good to lose a realm. God bless me with this heavy burden, and I pray God that one fair day breed not opinion that it will be never foul weather again. A house is sooner broken down than builded; and so I leave you to God's protection, and bless her Majesty from all idle counsel.—Undated.
Endorsed :—“August, 1599. Lord Admyrall to my Mr.” 1 p. (73. 66.)
R. Osberne to Edward Reynolds.
1599, Aug. Begs Reynolds to write “something which might both concern myself and my friend.” He will requite his kindness in some “horscorfership” [horse coopering]. As to the multitude of horses in Havring park, he has written to R. Sparcheford. Will allow him [apparently Sparcheford] one for old acquaintance after Michaelmas, if he (the writer) returns out of the Northern journey. Thanks Reynolds for his kindness and letters. “Wishing you more content than I have, for I verily think it killed Nyck Nyn, and am afraid it will do the like by me.”—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, '99.” 1 p. (73. 67.)
Sir William Russell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. I beseech you, if the Spaniards are past this Western coast, that it will please you to despatch a post to me, for by one of Sir Ferdinando Gorges', the alarm is not so hot at Pylmought [Plymouth] and there as it is here. I must crave pardon of you if I open some of your English letters, for I assure you I have taken this day two such Cornish falls as if it were not in hope I should fight with those beggarly proud Spaniards, either upon their landing or presently after, I would not take two such falls for 500l. My desire and affection flieth, but my body is massy, but if I may reach those insolent beggars, either upon their landing or presently after, I will give my dear Sovereign such an account of our day's service as hath not been performed in the kingdom of England, for they must be fought withal upon their landing, and well to have “larams” given all night in their camp, and upon ever [y] strength [stronghold] to see numbers of men, and some that will fight as I will do, without engaging of myself too much, and yet I will not prove a flat man of war.—Basingstok, at 9 of the clock at night.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, 1599.” 1 p. (73. 68.)
Elizabeth, Dowager Lady Russell to Mr. Secretary [Cecil] .
1599, Aug. Friend me so much as to procure me a lodging in the Court in this time of misery. Here I remain where none be left but artezans; myself a desolate widow without husband or friend to defend me or to take care of me; my children all in, her Majesty's service; myself so beggared by law and interest for relief of my children as that I was forced to break up my house more than a year since, and to live here with only six, a very few, and those necessary persons, so poor as that on my faith I have not to maintain my private charge till Michaelmas. For God's sake, aid and protect me in this my desolation, and that by your commandment I may have for shot, pikes and halberts on the Queen's price good so many as I shall send for fit to defend my house, promising you that if God deliver me out of this plunge of danger and misery alive, though I be both blind, deaf and a stark beggar, yet will I by the experience of this tribulation and discomfort, I will take me to a mischief and marry to avoid the inconvenience of being killed by villains [In place of the following phrase which is struck through; “marry and be provided of some one that shall defend me, and take care for me living and to bury me, and not thus to live, no man caring for my soul and life, that hitherto all my days have lived in continual care for others.”] A Domino factum est. Sit nomen Domini benedictum. I beseech you, Sir, advise me what to do, and help to place me in a Court lodging that have no other place to fly unto for safety.—Your most desolate aunt. Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed : “August, 1599.” (73. 69.)
Sir Thomas Sherley to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. Sends a letter from a master of a ship of his, newly arrived in the Isle of Wight, because he makes some mention of the Spanish navy.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“August, 1599.” ½ p. (73. 70.)
W. Temple to Edward Reynolds.
1599, Aug. I have perused your letter to his Lordship advertising such particulars as concern the office of the Ordnance, and do thereby find the carriage of matters to be with little respect unto him. It will not be denied but some motion hath been heretofore made touching that decayed powder; the care whereof, for exchanging or refining it for her Majesty's service, was, as I remember, referred to the officers. You know the multiplicity of his business at his being in England would not permit his honourable apprehensions to descend unto the ordering of those meaner services; much less can he now be at leisure, in this infinity of important matters, to attend the same. The lieutenant there is he unto whom my Lord hath committed the direction and carriage of the office during his absence; so as I marvel he refuseth to give order in that behalf. Touching labourers' rooms and the supplying of such as are now void, if you peruse the several warrants, you shall find in them very particular address for disposing of them and taking away the question of priority amongst those that have the said warrants. Jacob's place is now disposed of; κλερικος κλερικωτατος hath obtained it; and the signing of his bill recommended in effectual terms to Mr. Herbert. You must put to your helping hand and the persuasion of your tongue when you meet Mr. Herbert. There is a servant of my Lord's called Christopher Bird, a gunmaker, and a man both very religious and very well acquainted with ordnance matters, having been a long time trained up in the Tower. I have recommended him to κλερικωτατος for one who is able to do him special service in that place. Take knowledge of him; he can discover many abuses. The smiths' room was long since, upon my Lord Chamberlain's request, passed to Thomas Plash. Of these matters and others, Sir John Davis and I have conferred, and such of them as require his Lordship's resolution shall be imparted with him.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed : “August, '99.” 1 p. (73. 71.)
Lord Henry Howard to the Earl of Southampton.
1599,? Aug.] It grieves me very much to call to mind how just cause you shall have rather to increase your complaint of wrongs offered to you without cause or colour before this come to your hand; but against that supreme force that wieldeth actions by sovereign predominance, opposition availeth not. The civil law termeth enforcements of this kind vim invincibilem, rather to be put into the hand of. mediation than relieved by subordinate authority. The matter was disputed here as forcibly and pithily as the very conscience and honour of the cause did require. They that wanted credit spake reason; some used both their credit and their reason to make the Queen behold the horror of the case, and yet I do persuade myself that some others, though invisible, were willing to strain all their faculties in riveting into the Queen's own resolution a moveless negative. Mr. Secretary [Cecil] commanded the messenger to linger five days after the Queen's first severe injunction in hope that time would qualify the sharpness of her humour, but it fell out otherwise. I took the fit advantage of that interim to send Udall away to my lord [Essex], which expedition took small effect; for though my end were to have prepared him before the blow, yet as I perceive by Mr. Rushell, Udall was not with my dear lord at his setting out, which proves him to have been strangely crossed by the winds and holden off with hard weather. What course my lord will take is disputed here; the likeliest conjecture is that he will suspend the decree till he have advertised the reasons that should stay proceeding in a matter of great moment without any reasonable cause against a person of your quality. I doubt not if this course be taken but her Majesty upon good consideration will rather relent in rigour than discourage her most faithful ministers. England is not so furnished at this day with forward hopes that those of the better sort should in this manner be dejected into forlorn destinies. But the truth is, howsoever flaws be coloured, the main blow is not stricken at yourself. The most worthy gentleman that lives is pierced through your side, and many here that hear, observe and understand, do likewise sympathize in their affections. This fury began first upon the speeches between my Lord Grey and your lordship, which makes men more sorry that, since right was on your side, revenge should be the reward of good consideration. Be patient, noble lord, and the rather because your worth doth shine more brightly by the confront of accidents. They are rather to be pitied than complained of, as a wise man says, that strive to please their humours with the prejudice of their own particular. To those that aim by appearances, this charge hath mali speciem; but to the wiser sort that look into your carriage and formally compare it with the cause of anger, it seems to be seges glorice. Upon our knowledge of the course your worthy General will take, you may assure yourself that as many heads and hands as have in them either discretion or diligence will endeavour so far as they can to keep the measure that his judgment sounds to them. The Q[ueen] hath not been so sharp in speeches since that order given as before; for showers lay great winds, and choler purged leaves the veins more temperate. Some look for stronger contradiction than your General's best friends in their discretion could wish; but they that are acquainted with his judgment in the matter and your love to him, expect that he will plead according to the principles that are in request, and you will suffer much before you make him strain above his ability.
Haste in dispatching Udall away upon the first ejaculation withheld my hand from writing to you, as I had an infinite desire, because I love you much and would shew my love when matters are in greatest extremity. I hope discouragement shall not untwine you from the service while that lord commands that loves you as himself; for rather than your absence should disarm him of so dear a friend, I could wish you out of your own judgment to take such a course, if this degree [sic : decree?] proceed, as might more improve your honour than abate your countenance. Men of your worth and haviour receive no glory from their places, but give honour to the place. That room is highest that contains the most worthy man, and therefore, the more you abase yourself in serving under some true friend of yours inferior in quality, to show that duty to the public with affection to your best friend prevail against unkindness in your own particular, the more you grace your worth in making wrong a foil to constancy. I speak as one that loves you, and would speak thus to my nephew Thomas if he were in your state; for your wisdom in applying this occasion to the best advantage of your judgment will erect a trophy to your honour in the eye of Christendom.
We live here in the same distrust of any great effect to be wrought by this year's service [in Ireland] that we have done ever since your arrival on the other side. Our faith is neither like a grain of mustard seed wherein the birds should build their nests, nor like the seeds of charity that increase by scattering. Every man enquires after effects, none judge by possibility. They never look into the means, but call for miracles against the doctrine of the time itself, which proves their date to be determined. I pray with my soul for your prosperous success; but howsoever that fall out by want of seconding or discouragement of spirits, yet my knees shall bow thrice a day to God for the prospering of your safe return with honour to your native state, that once again my dear lord may debate his own conclusions, and prove these things to have been disposed with great judgment that are now most unjustly imputed to strength of humour. I beseech your lordship, as I trust in you, acquaint me, before your departure from Dublin, with your opinion concerning my lord's purpose either to return this winter or to tarry where he is, for I protest to God, the fear of it doth cramp me at the very heart, and secret speeches and advertisements from thence to that effect hath raised certain crests of men that in his absence hunt after glory. We live still in expectation of credit yet reserved for some others of the company that hath been reasonably sped; but the triumphant cars are not conveyed into the Capitol with so great haste as was.looked for.
Holograph. 3½ pp. (83. 75.)
Mons. J. De Thumery to Sir Robert Cecil.
1599, Aug. I enclose some intelligence from M. de Sourdeac, which will not be new to you. But when I see you to-morrow, I will show you that M. de Villeroy lost not an hour in sending it on to me. If you have any later news, you can tell no one more devoted than I am to her Majesty and this country.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed :—“Aug., 1599.” 1 p. (179. 83.)
Sir Gelly Meyrick to Edward Reynolds.
1599, Aug. My worthy choleric Ned, if my leisure were answerable to my will, then should not a messenger pass without my letters; but either by one degree or other I do not forget you, nor may not although in your last letters we had nothing from [you] but in a generality. My Lord hath lost an honest servant of Sir Conyers Clifford and a gallant gentleman of Sir Alexander Eattcliffe. The lieutenant that is sent over can make a good report, but my Lord will examine it more exactly. There was foul errors and great cowardice committed, light where it will. All things here done are but toys, but I would they that esteem it so were here, and then they would find it otherwise. To the north we will; and my Lord will disobey no commandments, but better had been better. I need but shew my love to you in these, for news I am sure you have more than is true; and I wish that not to be true which we hear of the Spaniards; and if it be, then I doubt not but the proudest of his adversaries will wish him at home. The scorns we receive from England hinder her Majesty's service more in a year than any money will repair. Let Ra : and Carey prate. They are infamous here for their service.
Holograph. Undated. Endorsed by Reynolds :—“Aug., '99.” 1 p. (179. 84.)