America and West Indies: August 1660

Pages 486-489

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 1, 1574-1660. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1860.

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August 1660

Aug. 1.
Minutes of Council of Barbadoes. The oath of allegiance taken by the Council and Assembly; and Lieut. Col. Simon Lambert chosen Speaker. The King's two proclamations against debauched persons, and against riots and routs, to be published at the usual place, St. Michael Town. Governor Middleton's speech to the Assembly. Act concerning the levy upon land, and declaration to give satisfaction to all inhabitants of the island concerning His Majesty's government, passed. The King's Act of free and general pardon, indemnity, and oblivion, to be published throughout the island. Act of Parliament for the encouragement and increase of navigation, to be published at St. Michael's Town, with the Governor's oath of observance. The Assembly pressed to send something as a present to the King; also for an agent for the island to be sent to England, but nothing done. Acts relating to the disarming of the Irish to be repealed. Committee appointed for drawing up an address to the King; also for revising former Acts of Assembly. The address and petition of the Governor, Council, and Assembly to the King. Col. Thos. Ellis, Const. Sylvester, and Capt. Ferd. Gorges appointed a committee to draw up instructions for Peter Watson, who is to present the addresses to the King. Names of persons in England to be joined with Watson in the presentation; instructions for Watson. Reasons given by the Governor and Council to the Assembly for a necessity of sending money to England for the preservation of the rights and liberties of all the freeholders of Barbadoes, to be sent to the Assembly 15 Aug.; and answer of the Assembly to the reasons. [Colonial Entry Bk., Vol. XI., pp. 18–30.]
Aug. 1. 31. Deposition of Thomas Paris, merchant. In July 1628, he arrived at Barbadoes with divers others, in the Long and Costly, where they found Capt. John Powell, the elder, Governor, having been chosen by the people 18 months previously; there was then no discourse of any power from Lord Carlisle, and land was taken up at pleasure without acknowledging any lord proprietor. Wolverton afterwards came and proposed to make a colony of the people by virtue of some patent from Lord Carlisle, but they refused, and some disturbance ensued, which drew them into arms; he, with others, were kept prisoners six weeks, tried for their lives, again imprisoned, and released by Capt. Henry Powell. Capt. Hen. Hawley some time after arrived, seized the Governor, Capt. John Powell, and one Kemp, and they were forcibly taken to England; since which time the planters have been forced to obey Lord Carlisle's deputies.
Aug. 2. 32. Deposition of James Astry. In January 1624 he, and about 23 English, planted in St. Christopher's without any authority but their own, and shortly after other Englishmen did the same. About 1627 or 1628 some persons arrived in the island, "pretenting a propriety for the Earl of Carlisle," which caused some disturbance, and in 1629 it was given up to the Spaniards by Commissioners from Lord Carlisle, against the consent of the planters, but about 40 English planters refused to give up their possessions, and have remained there ever since. Endorsed, "Attestations concerning the first discoverers of the island of America. Brought by Mr. Kendall. Read to the Committee 2 Aug. 1660."
Aug. 2.
33. Patent appointing Francis Cradock, Provost Marshal General of Barbadoes for life, with power to fill the office by deputy. [Certified copy.]
Aug. 2. 34. Another certified copy of the above.
Aug. 6. 35. Order of Committee for Plantations. Several discourses from persons sent by Mr. Courteen, son of Sir William, to show his title to the island of Barbadoes having been heard, but nothing authentically proved; John Powell, Charles Hilliard, Mr. Pairos, Capt. Saltenstone, Mr. Penritt, John Daniel, Capt. John Brookhaven, Mr. Birkett, and John Moore, are directed to attend a meeting of the Committee on 13th August inst.
[Aug. 20.] 36. State of Col. Temple's case concerning his interest in Nova Scotia, or Nova Francia, and several parts of Canada and Acadia. These countries have been continually disputed by England and France, but were all to be restored to the French in 1632, by treaty. Money was agreed to be given to certain English, not for these places, but for ships, goods, &c., which it is said has never been done. Acadia, now in the possession of Temple, was in the hands of Delatour, who to secure himself on all sides took grants from Sir Wil. Alexander, and the French King. Acadia was taken by Major Sedgwick, in Oliver's time, from Delatour, who made over his interest to Col. Temple and Wil. Crowne, by deed of 20 Sept. 1656, for a valuable consideration, they undertaking also to pay 3,379l. to Margaret, relict of Maj. Edward Gibbons, for which Delatour had previously engaged the forts. Col. Temple had also to pay 1,800l. to Sedgwick's troops, and has maintained the country and forts at many thousand pounds expense against the French. By treaty between France and the Protector, damages received on either side were referred to arbitration, which is not yet determined. Col. Temple is able to make out this case by patents and evidence. Signed by Rob. Nelson. Endorsed, "Received 20 August 1660."
Aug. 20. 37. Minutes of depositions and arguments by Art. Annesley, at the Committee for America, concerning the title of Mr. Courteen to the island of Barbadoes. Claims the whole island, particularly the corn plantation, the Indian bridge plantation, the fort plantation, the Indian plantation eastward, and Powell's plantation. Discovered the island in 1626, and left 50 people there; Capt. Hen Powell landed in Feb. 1627, built for Sir Wil. Courteen, and left upwards of 40 people there; Capt. John Powell erected Plantation Fort, and remained there until Chas. Wolverton in 1628 surprised them and the Fort. The following year Sir W. Courteen sent 80 men and arms in the Peter and John; they retook the fort, etc., in the name of the Earl of Pembroke, who had a grant in trust for Sir W. Courteen, and left Capt. John Powell Governor. Six months after another skiff was sent by Lord Carlisle; the Governor was taken to St. Kitts, and ever since the island had been held from Lord Carlisle. With mem. by Nicholas that the Caribbees were indeed settled by Sir Thos. Warner before the Earl of Carlisle had anything to do there, as may appear by a Commission to Warner to be the King's Lieut. General.
Aug. 20. Minutes concerning the title of Lord Stirling and of [Thos.] Temple to Nova Scotia. Articles made between Sir Lewis Kirke and the French King in 1632, but, not being performed, the Kirkes became damnified 60,000l. Lord Stirling parted with his interest by his own confession, and was to have received from King Charles 10,000l. for it. It is desired that it may be taken into consideration who has the best title before a Governor is appointed. [On same sheet as preceding.]
Aug. 20. 38. Copy of the preceding Minutes very incorrectly made.
Aug. 20. 39. Examination of Capt. Hen. Powell, of Limehouse, mariner, concerning Courteen's title to Barbadoes, the substance of which will be found abstracted in the preceding minutes of depositions.
Aug. 20. 40. Examination of Charles Hillyard, of London, merchant, concerning Courteen's title to Barbadoes; to the same effect as the preceding.
Aug. 20. 41. Resolution of Committee for Plantations, concerning the patents of Lords Carlisle and Willoughby. Lord Willoughby ought to be restored to the government of Barbadoes, and put in the same condition as when he was dispossessed by "the illegal power of Cromwell." Mr. Kendall and his partners to be left to law. [Draft, by Sec. Nicholas.]
Aug. 30. 42. Resolution as above, differently worded.