America and West Indies: August 1694, 1-15

Pages 315-324

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 14, 1693-1696. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

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August 1694

Aug. 1. 1,175. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Mr. Penn was heard as to his petition concerning the Act for recording deeds. Agreed that the Attorney General be summoned to report on all the laws of Pennsylvania.
Draft Commission for settling the boundaries of Rhode Island read, and a clause added charging the expense thereof on the parties concerned. It was agreed that the whole Council of New York should be appointed Commissioners. [Board of Trade. Journal, 7. pp. 307, 308.]
Aug. 1. 1,176. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Agreed to move the King that the Governments of Virginia, Maryland, Massachusetts and Rhode Island be ordered to furnish quotas of 240, 160, 350 and 48 men respectively for the defence of New York; that suitable order be sent to Massachusetts and Rhode Island as to the command of the Militia; and that the Members of the Council of New York be named Commissioners to enquire into the boundary of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. [Board of Trade. New England, 35. pp. 148–153; and New York, 48. pp. 174–177.]
Aug. 1. 1,177. Petition of Christopher Almy to Lords of Trade and Plantations. That no one belonging to Connecticut be appointed to serve in the Commission to report as to the question of the boundaries of Rhode Island and Massachusetts, inasmuch as Connecticut and Rhode have also had disputes as to boundaries; and since Massachusetts, Plymouth and Connecticut were united Colonies it is conceived that neither of them nor Rhode Island herself should be judges in the matter. ½ p. Endorsed, Read 1 Aug. '94. [Board of Trade. New England, 7. No. 37; and 35. p. 146.]
Aug. 1. 1,178. Draft of a Commission for enquiring as to the Eastern boundaries of Rhode Island. The names are not given in the draft, but in the Entry Book the Commissioners are seen to be the Council of New York. 3 pp. [Board of Trade. New England, 7. No. 38; and 35. pp. 162–164.]
Aug. 1. 1,179. Petition of William Penn. That the law of Pennsylvania as to unrecorded deeds may not be confirmed till further consideration of the Assembly. Signed. Wm. Penn. ¼ p. Endorsed, Read 1 Aug. '94. [America and West Indies. 599. No. 16; and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXVI., p. 50.]
Aug. 1. 1,180. John Povey to the Attorney General. The Lords of Trade see objection to the laws of Pennsylvania about whalers and about servants, and desire your further consideration of the same. Draft. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 599. No. 17.]
Aug. 1–3. 1,181. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Mr. Penn has agreed that, if the propriety of Pennsylvania be restored to him, he will at once repair thither to take charge of the Government, transmit the Royal orders to the Council and Assembly, secure obedience in particular to all orders as to furnishing a quota of men, appoint the person now commissioned by Governor Fletcher to be Governor, submit the Government back to Governor Fletcher if the Royal orders be not obeyed, execute the laws passed by Governor Fletcher in May, 1693, and subscribe the declaration of fidelity to Their Majesties. The Assembly of Pennsylvania also has passed an act of submission to the Royal Government. The Lords therefore agree to recommend Mr. Penn to the Royal favour for restoration to the administration of the Government, and to advise the revocation of Governor Fletcher's commission, reserving however his right to claim a quota of eighty men and assistance in the defence of New York. The Lords agree also to advise the confirmation of several laws of Pennsylvania. List of the laws follows. [Board of Trade. New York, 48. pp. 134–142.]
Aug. 2.
1,182. Order of the Queen in Council. That suitable orders be sent to the Governors of New York, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, as to the quota of men to be furnished for defence and that a Commission be passed appointing the Councillors of New York to enquire into the boundary of Rhode Island and Massachusetts (see No. 1,176). [Board of Trade. New England, 35. pp. 152–161; and New York, 48. pp. 178–180.]
Aug. 2. 1,183. Minutes of Council of Massachusetts. The Governor reported that he had visited Pemaquid and found all well there, and that the Indians were friendly though no Sachems came to meet him. The Lieutenant-Governor reported what had been done during his absence, and the nomination of Commissioners to meet the Indians at Albany. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXIV., p. 263.]
Aug. 2. 1,184. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. On reading Mrs. Stapleton's depositions it was resolved that Thomas Sutton and Francis Blackmore should be suspended the Council. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 77. p. 287.]
Aug. 2. 1,185. Minutes of Council of New York. Colonel Lodowyck thanked for his services in England, and directed to bring in an account of his expenses. Intelligence from Pennsylvania read of a belt of wampum sent by the Five Nations to the Delaware Indians, which had disturbed them. Order for payment of £200 for expense of the agency in England and for other payments. Patents for land granted to William Barker, Abraham Luteine, Richard Harvey and Dorland Swebruigh. Inspectors of weights and measures appointed. Colonel Lodowyck refused any particular account of his disbursements on behalf of the Colony in England.
Aug. 3. Patent for land granted to Paul Richards. Cornelius Jacobs's ship redelivered to him, on his giving security for her value in case of condemnation. Orders for payments. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 545–549.]
Aug. 3. 1,186. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Attorney General attended with his report on the laws of Pennsylvania, and decision on the matter was taken. Draft report as to Mr. Penn's rights in North America approved. [Board of Trade. Journal, 7. pp. 309–12.]
Aug. 3. 1,187. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. To recommend that Mr. Penn be restored to the administration of Pennsylvania, he having agreed to appoint William Markham to be Governor and to permit certain laws to be in force until they can be revoked or renewed by the Assembly of Pennsylvania; also that five of the laws passed be disallowed. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXVI., pp. 51–56.]
Aug. 3. 1,188. Agreement of William Penn. That certain laws passed by the Assembly of Pennsylvania under Governor Fletcher and disallowed by the Crown, shall none the less have the force of law until altered or revoked in a full General Assembly at Pennsylvania. Signed. Wm. Penn. 1 p.
Rough draft of the foregoing. 1 p. [America and West Indies. 599. Nos. 18, 19; and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXVI., p. 57.]
Aug. 3.
1,189. Lords of Trade and Plantations to Lieutenant-Governor Sir William Beeston. We have received yours of 23 June, reporting the landing of the French in Jamaica (see No. 1,109). The Queen relies very much on your vigilance, courage and conduct, and on the loyalty of your people to hold out till relief can reach you. Orders have been given to send to Jamaica with all speed ships and men enough not only to relieve the Island but to reduce the French in the neighbourhood so that they shall not again be able to molest it or damage its trade. You will assure the inhabitants that every preparation is making for their assistance and protection. Signed. Shrewsbury, Normanby, Bathe, Romney, Dursley, J. Somers, Carmarthen, Pembroke, Cha. Montague, J. Holt, He. Goodrick. Copy. 2 pp. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 7. No. 37; and 53. pp. 197–199.]
Aug. 4.
1,190. The Mayor and other inhabitants of Petersfield to Colonel John Gibson, Governor of Portsmouth. The intolerable affronts and abuses of Captain William Hide on his companies' march through this place oblige us to apply to you for redress and for satisfaction for the damage done to our Church. For by his own resolute will and in contempt to the house of God he made use of the Church to quarter his whole company in for the night, when they not only broke the seats and windows and tore all the cushions and mats but by their nasty and unparalleled abuse defiled the pulpit, font and indeed the whole Church. The damage, upon a moderate computation, amounts to £13 12s. 0d. We beg you, to protect a place through which troops are constantly marching, to take such notice as you think best hereof, and to order us restitution. Signed. Bart. Starr, Mayor, and by ten more. 1½ pp. Endorsed, R. Aug. 6 from Colonel Gibson. Sent to Mr. Povey, Aug. 9. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 67.]
Aug. 4. 1,191. Minutes of Council of Massachusetts. The Commission and instructions for the Commissioners to be sent to Albany, as also a letter to Governor Fletcher, were read and approved. Order for payment of £200 to the said Commissioners for presents to the Indians and £50 more towards the payments of their expenses, the rest to be defrayed when they present their accounts. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXIV., p. 264.]
Aug. 4. 1,192. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. Order for arrest of Thomas Sutton and Francis Blackmore.
Aug. 5. Order for suspension of Francis Blackmore. Accounts for fortification passed. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 77. pp. 287, 288.]
Aug. 6. 1,193. Minutes of Council of New York. Committee appointed to prepare an address of thanks to the King and to enquire as to the preparations for victualling the expedition to Albany. Letters from the Governors of New England and Connecticut read. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 549–550.]
Aug. 7.
1,194. Lieutenant-Governor Sir William Beeston to Lords of Trade and Plantations. It has pleased God so to bless our arms that we have beaten off the French. They have done themselves no great good, but they have done this people and country a spoil that cannot soon be estimated. They have wholly destroyed fifty sugar works besides many other plantations, burnt all wherever they came, and killed with barbarous inhumanity every living thing they met with. In St. Thomas and St. David's all is laid level and nothing left that would burn; St. George's, St. Mary's and Vere are much damaged though not overrun. The country being large and the people few I was obliged to concentrate what force I could and abandon what I could not defend to the ravage of the enemy. Doubtless many of the sufferers will complain of this, but had I dispersed my men they would have been beaten in small parties and the Island lost. On this indeed the enemy counted, but as soon as we found them at a place where we could come at them conveniently, our men attacked them with such courage and vigour as showed them they were mistaken. Our expense in maintaining all the forces and labouring parties for our defence during two months, in resettling ruined families and in paying for negroes who have done good service and must be freed, is so great that we cannot pay it. The Treasury is empty and much in debt. If the King cannot send us £3,000 or £4,000 the ruined inhabitants will leave the country, and that weakening will give occasion to others to do the like, so that the Island may become deserted. And if we have not speedy recruits of men and shipping, a second attack by the French may place us in great danger. If I am thought to have done my duty here, I beg you to procure for me the commission and the whole salary of Governor. The post costs me £2,500 a year besides what is allowed me, and the Treasury is so poor that I cannot receive what is allowed me. Had I not an estate of my own here I could not subsist, though of that too I have lost £500 a year destroyed by the French. A gentleman had been appointed to go to England and lay our condition before the King, but the Assembly has hindered his proceeding. I have sent Mr. Blathwayt depositions against Colonel Sutton and Mr. Blackmore of the Council, for endeavouring to hold an unfitting correspondence with the enemy. I have suspended both of them till the King's pleasure be known. Signed. Wm. Beeston. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 53. pp. 401–405.]
Aug. 7.
1,195. Lieutenant-Governor Sir William Beeston to Sir John Trenchard. By three several expresses I gave you notice of the attack of the French on this Island. After they had been five weeks on it and done mighty spoil, it pleased God to bless our army with success, for as soon as we could come at them without too much separating our forces we beat them off. I am sending details to the Duke of Shrewsbury, who I hear is the principal Secretary of State and has this Island under his protection, but I know this only by report, so I beg for pardon if I have committed any error. Signed. Wm. Beeston. Holograph. ½ p. Endorsed, R. 29 Oct., 1694. [America and West Indies. 540. No. 40.]
[Aug.] 1,196. Address of the Council and Assembly of Jamaica to the King and Queen. We have been so weakened by successive calamities that we have sent Colonel Peter Beckford home to represent our condition and to beg for relief and succour. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 53. pp. 405, 406.]
Aug. 7. 1,197. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. That notice be given to Mr. Gilbert Heathcote and other agents of Jamaica, and also to Captain Dawe of H.M.S. Falcon to attend the meeting of the Committee on the 9th inst. Draft. ½ p. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 7. No. 38.]
Aug. 7.
1,198. John Povey to Mr. Janson. Requiring the attendance of some of the Commissioners of Customs at the meeting of the Committee of Trade and Plantations on the morrow. Draft. ½ p. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 5. No. 54.]
Aug. 7. 1,199. The same to the same. The petition of the Virginian merchants for convoy outward to Newfoundland will be considered to-morrow, as well as the question of illicit trading. Draft. ½ p. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 5. No. 55.]
Aug. 7. 1,200. Minutes of Council of Barbados. Petition from Ralph Lane considered; and he was told in answer that he was at liberty to appeal home, if he would. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XII., pp. 457–459.]
Aug. 7. 1,201. Minutes of Council of Massachusetts. Proclamations as to precautions to be taken to prevent mischief by Indians, and to encourage men to enlist against the Indian enemy. The offers to recruits are, three shillings a week for subsistence, the benefit of all plunder and captives, and 20l. a head for every male Indian over sixteen years of age, brought in dead or alive. Advised, that the Sachems be ordered to secure and bring in two notorious murderers and their accomplices. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXIV., pp. 265, 266.]
Aug. 8. 1,202. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Memorial of the wants of the soldiers, now embarking for New York, read; and orders as to checking illicit trade in Maryland and Virginia agreed to. The complaint of the Corporation of Petersfield read, and orders issued thereupon.
Memorial of the Agents of the Leeward Islands as to a neutrality in the West Indies read. Agreed to lay the same before Council. [Board of Trade. Journal, 7. pp. 312–315.]
Aug. 8.
1,203. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. That convoy be provided for the companies sailing to New York for fifty leagues beyond soundings, that the victuals for them be made up to two months' full allowance, of which none to be consumed until they are under sail, that a tun of vinegar be put on board, a surgeon and medicines provided, and powder and ball issued for 150 men. [Board of Trade. New York, 48. p. 170.]
Aug. 8. 1,204. Memorandum of Lords of Trade and Plantations. That Mr. Clerk be acquainted that the Council expect an answer from Captain Hide to the complaint of the Corporation of Petersfield, and that Captain Hide may know that the Lords are much offended at his insolent proceedings there. Mr. Clerk is also to take care that the damage be deducted from Captain Hide's pay if he be in fault, and also that the Corporation of Petersfield know that the Lords have resented Captain Hide's proceedings very much and that strict charge shall be given to all officers marching that way to behave themselves with more decency and order. 1 p. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 70.]
Aug. 8. 1,205. Particulars of the wants of the soldiers now embarked for New York. Captain Hide has neither money nor credit to buy fresh provisions for himself and officers or brandy and tobacco for the men, and desires that he may be supplied therewith. The men have neither powder nor ball. There is no surgeon nor medicines. Their provisions waste daily. One week out of the two months' allowance is already consumed. At this time of year they ought to have three months' allowance, as the voyage frequently takes twelve to thirteen weeks. Therefore pray another month's allowance to be added. Also please move for a convoy to go through with them, for the privateers are alive on the coast of New England and these coasts. A tun of vinegar should be provided to wash the decks every morning and prevent sickness among the men. Several are sick already. 1 p. Endorsed, Read 8 Aug., 1694. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 71; and48. pp. 168, 169.]
Aug. 8. 1,206. John Povey to William Bridgeman. I enclose copy of a minute of the Lords of Trade and Plantations showing what is required of the Admiralty and what may be further necessary for the despatch of the troops to New York, which please lay before the Admiralty. Draft. 1 p. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 68.]
Aug. 8.
Office of
1,207. William Phelps to John Povey. That there may be rather an overplus than a want, the storekeeper at Portsmouth has been instructed to deliver ten barrels of powder and 10 cwt. of musket shot to the ship carrying the troops to New York, for their security on the voyage. Signed. Will. Phelps, 1 p. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 69.]
Aug. 8. 1,208. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. To recommend the suggestion of the Commissioners of Customs of 22 March (see No. 1,139 II.) as to the prevention of illicit trade on the coasts of Maryland, Virginia and Pennsylvania, and that a letter be written to Sir E. Andros accordingly. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 36. pp. 266, 267.]
Aug. 9.
1,209. Order of the Queen in Council. For the delivery of a sufficient quantity of powder and ball to the troops embarked for New York. Draft, with corrections. 1 p. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 72; and 48. p. 172.]
Aug. 9. 1,210. Two orders of the Queen in Council. For the furnishing of a surgeon, medicines, and vinegar for the troops for New York, also for providing two months' full allowance of victuals, and convoy (see No. 1,203). [Board of Trade. New York, 48. pp. 171–173.]
Aug. 9. 1,211. Order of the Queen in Council. Confirming the Act of Pennsylvania for a rate of a penny in the pound on all real and personal estates, and sixpence a head on all who are not thus rated, and that one half of the sum so raised be given to Governor Fletcher. [Board of Trade. New York, 48. pp. 180, 181.]
Aug. 9.
1,212. Order of the Queen in Council. That Governor Nicholson be instructed to hire one or more small vessels with experienced commanders to check illicit trading on the coasts of Maryland, Virginia and Pennsylvania, and that the like instructions for enforcement of the Acts of Trade be sent to Sir E. Andros. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 36. pp. 267, 268.]
Aug. 9.
1,213. Order of the Queen in Council. For the administration of Pennsylvania to be restored to William Penn, according to the recommendation of 3 August (see No. 1,187). [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXVI., pp. 56–58.]
Aug. 9. 1,214. Orders of the Queen in Council. For the confirmation of twenty and the disallowance of two Acts of Pennsylvania. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXVI., pp. 60–63.]
Aug. 9. 1,215. Order of the Queen in Council. Referring a memorial from the Commissioners for the Leeward Islands to Lords of Trade and Plantations for report. Signed. Wm. Bridgeman. ¼ p. Annexed,
1,215. I. Memorial of the Commissioners for the Leeward Islands to the Queen. We hear from Governor Codrington that Count de Blenac has intimated his willingness to renew the neutrality in those parts and that he has full powers from the French King respecting the same. Colonel Codrington writes that if empowered with commission and instructions to treat, he has no doubt of making good and honourable terms. We beg that this may be considered. We are also to inform you that some persons calling themselves Brandenburghers are settling Crab Island, which is within Governor Codrington's government. He desires your instructions thereon. Signed. Bastian Bayer, Joseph Martyn, Rd. Cary. Original. 1 p. Endorsed, Read 9 Aug. The order endorsed, Read Aug. and 1 Nov. 1694. [Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 4. Nos. 39, 39 I.; and44. pp. 215–217.]
1,216. Memorial relating to a Neutrality in America. In 1678 a treaty was made by Sir William Stapleton and Count de Blenac under which it was agreed that in case of a rupture between the two Crowns there should be peace in the Islands under their government. The French King refused to ratify it on the ground that though it bound the Leeward Islands it did not bind Jamaica and Barbados, and when the treaty was amended so as to include all the Caribbee Islands, the French Ambassador refused to sign it. In 1686 a treaty was concluded, providing that in case of a rupture in Europe peace and neutrality should remain between the subjects of either nation in America; and in 1687 Commissioners were appointed to settle the bounds of the two nations in America, who agreed that the subjects of neither nation in America should do violence to the other without express orders. Yet in 1689 the French were the aggressors in St. Christophers, and are now very strong in Hispaniola, while Jamaica is much weakened by continual earthquake, sickness and desertion of the inhabitants. 2½ pp. Endorsed, 1694. [Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 4. No. 40.]
Aug. 9. 1,217. Minutes of Council of New York. Patents for land granted to Simon Simonte, George Brown, and Gan Bordein. Colonels Nicholas Bayard and Caleb Heathcote agreed to advance 300l. for payment of the arrears of the troops at Albany. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 550, 551.]
Aug. 10.
1,218. Captain Hide to Colonel Gibson. "Honoured Sir," In reply to the complaints of the Corporation of Petersfield I must inform you that having sustained great losses by the desertion of my serjeants and several of my men the night before I came, and understanding that several more of them threatened to run away that very night I earnestly solicited the Mayor for some barn or empty house to put the soldiers in and keep them together, alike for the good of the service and the ease of the town. His answer was that he did not care if they did run away; that it would be my business to watch them, and that he would quarter them according to Act of Parliament and no other way. I have been quartered in many towns, but never found the Magistrates less desirous to serve the Government than at Petersfield. I was forced, rather than be in a confusion and to lose all my men, to put them into the church, and watched with them all night to hinder them from doing mischief. Next morning the Mayor demanded but ten shillings for the damage done, besides something to the sexton for cleaning it, as several can testify. Finding him exact on me a charge for glass that was broken a year ago I would not pay him so much, so out of malice they have now drawn up that form against me and charge me unreasonably. I shall leave some officers behind me who were with me in the town and some which sat up with me in the church all that night, who shall take any indifferent men to declare upon oath the damage done, and I am willing to give satisfaction for it. Signed. W. Hide. 2 pp. Endorsed, Recd. from Mr. Clerk, 16 Aug. 1694. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 74.]
Aug. 10.
Navy Office.
1,219. Captain George St. Lo to John Povey. The Navy Board has this day ordered provisions for the soldiers, and a tun of vinegar to keep the ship clean withal. Care will be taken to have provisions in readiness, so that they may always have two months' supply when they sail. Signed. G. St. Lo. ½ p. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 73.]
[Aug. 13.] 1,220. List of illegal trading ships in Virginia and Maryland during 1693–1694. Fourteen ships in all, with names of owners, masters, cargo, etc. In the handwriting of Edward Randolph. Long slip. Endorsed, Read 13 Aug. '94, from Mr. Randolph. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 5. No. 56.]
Aug. 13.
1,221. Minutes of Council of New York. The Council met at Albany on a letter from Sir William Phips asking for suggestions as to a present to the Indians from Massachusetts. The Governor said that he had always given the presents in the name of the King and Queen, and had included all the provinces in the covenant-chain, which practice he thought it would be inconvenient to alter.
On the same evening, the Commissioners for Boston and Connecticut being present, the Governor brought forward the relations of New York with the neighbouring Colonies and asked not only for advice but for contribution to the defence of the frontiers. The Commissioners remaining silent the Governor stated his views as to the manner of giving presents, to which they desired time to prepare a reply.
Aug. 14. The Commissioners consented that the presents to the Indians should be thrown into one stock and given as Governor Fletcher had urged. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 551–553.]
Aug. 14. 1,222. Minutes of Council of Massachusetts. Further evidence was received as to Mr. Brenton's charges against the Governor. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXIV., p. 266.]
Aug. 14. 1,223. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Sir William Beeston's letters of 12 February and 5 April read. The Lords of the Admiralty gave information as to the naval force at Jamaica, and Captain Dawes, R.N., of the strength of the French at Hispaniola. Agreed to recommend the despatch of a fifth-rate frigate and of a draft of soldiers to Jamaica. [Board of Trade. Journal, 7. pp. 317–320.]
Aug. 14. 1,224. Minute of Lords of Trade and Plantations. To recommend the payment of £175 to Captain Thomas Gardner out of the quit-rents of Virginia, being the balance due to him of a reward of £200.
Note. Order was made accordingly. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 36. p. 280.]
Aug. 15. 1,225. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. Order for appointment of Commissioners to distribute relief to the wounded and distressed. Order that the Assembly meet according to its adjournment. Orders for payments. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 77. pp. 288, 289.]
Aug. 15.
Navy Office.
1,226. Captain George St. Lo to John Povey. In reply to your last as to the soldiers going to the West Indies, everything shall be complied with by this Board, and as fully as shall be needful. Signed. G. St. Lo. ¼ p. [Board of Trade. New York, 5. No. 75.]