America and West Indies: October 1703, 22-31

Pages 771-791

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 21, 1702-1703. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1913.

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October 1703, 22-31

Oct. 26.
1194. Earl of Nottingham to Governor Lord Cornbury. The Queen having been informed that great quantitys of provisions have been laden on some vessells in the Ports on the Continent of America, on pretence of carrying the same to Jamaica and other H.M. Islands in those parts, but that in truth H.M. enemys have been supplyed with them, to the great damage and prejudice of H.M. Plantations, besides the advantage H.M. enemys receive thereby, being furnished with such provisions by this means as they would otherwise want, H.M. for preventing this mischief has commanded me to signify her pleasure to your Lordship, that you give order to the several officers of the respective Ports under your command, not to suffer any vessell or ship to load provisions more than is sufficient for the ship's crew or passengers during their voyage, or to sail out of the Port so loaden untill sufficient security shall be given that those provisions nor any part thereof shall not be carried to or sold in any place under the dominion of H.M. enemys, nor to the Island of St. Thomas, but that the same shall be truly and really delivered at the place whither such ship shall affirm to be bound, or to some other under H.M. dominion, further obliging the Master of such vessell to produce or transmit within a convenient time to your Lordship or to the Officers of such place whence she shall depart, a certificate under the hands and seals of the Officers of the place where the said provisions shall be delivered of the delivery thereof, with such description thereof as shall be necessary, excepting in the usuall manner the danger of the sea or capture by the enemy. Signed, Nottingham. Endorsed, Circular Letter to the Governors of Plantations. Recd. Read Nov. 9, 1703. [C.O. 323, 5. No. 21; and 324, 8. pp. 268–270.]
Oct. 26. 1195. Minutes of Council [in Assembly] of Barbados. The Hon. George Lillington presented to H.E. in Council several depositions taken by him and the Hon. Jonathan Downes, according to H.E. Order, concerning some irregularities committed by Lt. Col. William Salmon, of the Regiment under the command of Col. Abell Alleyne. Ordered that he attend to answer the premises at the next sitting.
Petition of Katherine, an old woman, a free negro, against Dudley Woodbridge, was, at the request of her Counsell, deferred to next Council day, and then ordered peremptorily to come on.
Petition of William Sambo against Charles Squire ordered peremptorily to be heard next Council day.
Error brought by Thomas Walduck to reverse a judgment obteyned against him in the Court of Common Pleas for St. Peter's by James Hurst for a debt of 10l., heard, and judgment reversed.
Error brought by John Stevens to reverse a judgment on an action of trespass obteyened by Alexander Arnott and Mary his wife in the Court of Common Pleas for St. Michael's precincts, and a writ of error brought by William Row in the like case, ordered to be heard this day four weeks.
Costs were taxed for the complainant in the case of John Stewart v. Ralph Walker.
Thomas Marshall praying costs in his case v. Dr. Wm. Browne, the suit was adjudged fallen owing to the death of the latter.
So in the case of John Waterman v. David Ramsay, and John Waterman v. Jacob Waterman, owing to the death of complainant.
18l. 7s. 6d. paid to Edward Arnell for entertaining Courts, Committees, etc. His account for entertaining juries was referred to the Assembly.
Petition of Edward Arnell, for payment for entertaining the French men that came up in the Flag of Truce, referred to the Assembly.
87l. 18s. 9d. paid to Samuel Irish, gunner of Queen's Fort, for two years' salary and disbursements.
28l. paid to Thomas Reynoldson for maintaining French prisoners.
Charles Buckworth, Edward Chilton and Wm. Rawlin presented to H.E. a state of the case of Capt. Gilligan. Quoted. Whereupon ordered that Gilligan give security to abide H.M. determination of the matter, or remain in custody.
H.E. ordered that publication be made in the several churches and towns of H.M. Orders for holding a General Sessions twice a year. Commission ordered for holding a Court of Oyer and Terminer in December.
Proclamation ordered to be published commanding all persons that shall arrive in this Island forthwith to repaire to some J.P. and give an account whence they came and to answer all other reasonable questions, and to receive a certificate from such J.P. of their being so examined before any person presume to harbour them.
Proclamation for preventing the running away with boats from this Island ordered to be published in the churches and chappells.
Directions issued for all officers, civil and military, to take the oaths appointed instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy and to subscribe the Test and the Abjuration Oath, and that a return thereof be made to H.E. at the first sitting of the Council after the last day of Dec. [C.O. 31, 8. pp. 124–141.]
Oct. 26. 1196. Minutes of Council in Assembly of Jamaica. The Council advised H.E. to reply as follows to the Representatives in answer to their message Oct. 23:—If there had been any money in the Treasury, the Governor had some time since sent reliefe to the People att Providence. But it is att present soe bare and soe much anticipated that there is neither ready money nor creditt to be gott. But in case the House will consider of a way to inable him to support the charge, he will readyly and willingly send a vessell for their releife to invite them downe as is desired.
Oct. 27. The House replied:—The Assembly are heartily sorry the Treasury should be soe low, but beg leave to informe your Honour that if those Bills now before the Councill were past, the Revenue will be sufficiently supplied with money and creditt.
The House was summoned to attend, and H.M. Instruction relateing to the takeing the oaths was read, and the Act which appoints the alterations in the abjuration oath was produced to the House, and the forme of the oath read to them, and the Governor proposed the takeing of it by the Members, on which some demurring as not having heard anything of it before, they desired time till 4 in the afternoon to consider of it, which the Governor granting they took the Book of Acts and the Roll whereon the Governor and Councill had subscribed their names to the oath with them to the House, but before they went the Governor said to them:—"My hearty zeale for Jamaica makes me imbrace all opportunityes to endeavour once more a good understanding between the House and the elected Members that doe not sitt, not doubting but they will submitt to the House that both the honour of the House may be preserved and the liberty of the people, which would deprive our enemyes of their designe, and firmly unite our friends, and I hope all good men will joine with me in accomplishing the good worke."
4 p.m. The Speaker and 21 Members of the Assembly, all that was present, took the abjuration oath. Which being done, the Governor told them he hoped as wee was unanimously in this, wee should be soe in all things else, which he should be very glad to see.
Oct. 28. Message sent up:—The House desire H.E. will issue forth H.M. Royal proclamation to take into custody Capt. Thomas Freeman, a Member of this House, who has resisted and contemned the authority thereof, in order to be punished for his great contempt, and reduced to obedience. Proclamation ordered to be prepared accordingly.
Robert Meakins and John Gay, Clerk of the House, took the Abjuration Oath.
The matter of the five Bills lying before the Board comeing under consideration, and the question put whether they should be read as bills or papers, it was carried by the majority of votes that they should be read as papers, which was done. [C.O. 140, 6. pp. 544–547; and 561–564.]
Oct. 26. 1197. Journal of Assembly of Jamaica. See preceding abstract under date.
Thomas Bryan, absenting himself from the service of the House, Resolved that he be sent for in custody by the Speaker's warrant.
Oct. 27. The Messenger reported that he had him in his custody.
See preceding abstract under date.
Petition of the parish of St. Thomas to Windward was read, and nobody appearing to own it, it was rejected.
Mr. Brayne (sic) having been heard in his excuse, was discharged, being reprimanded by the Speaker and paying fees, 20s. each to the Clerk and Messenger.
Oct. 28. See preceding abstract under date.
Question whether the Gentlemen expelled the House during this Assembly be capable to sit in the House, carried in the negative. [C.O. 140, 7. pp. 140–143.]
Oct. 27.
1198. Governor Dudley to the Council of Trade and Plantations. My last addresses were per Capt. Steel, Sept. 15. One of the Mast ships is arrived, and all our merchant men in compa., and notwithstanding the mischeifs the Indians have done me, I have always had a watch and gaurds upon the Masts in the woods and in the Pool, and they are all ready to ship. Mr. Usher is now in New Hampshier in the service, and I have H.M. commands refering to Mr. Allin's affaires, which I shall carefully and strictly obey. I have generally about 500 men marching in two partyes in the woods, but have yet had no advantage against the enemy, they being capable to remove in an hour, so as to demand a twelve hours march after them. Col. Romer is returned from Cascobay, where he has raysed a good pallasade worke of about an acre of ground with bastians fit for 600 men, where I shall lodge the forces for a winter's march beyond Pemaquid to Norigwalk, where the Sachems and Fryers reside, which must be done about Christmas. I am in great want of small armes; those that we have, have been so often repared, and are of so many sorts, they are of little service, and as the people grow more, the armes grow fewer. The General Assembly of this Province set down to-morrow, when I shall communicate to them H.M. gratious letters refering to Pemaquid and the maintenance of the Governmt. I have no great opinion of this conveyance, being small and without convoy. Signed, J. Dudley. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 3rd Dec., 1703, and Feb. 11, 170¾. Annexed,
1198. i. Abstract of preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 863. Nos. 52, 52. i.; and (without abstract) 5, 911. pp. 203, 204.]
Oct. 27.
St. Jago de la Vega.
1199. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. Ordered that in every precinct of this Island the Abjuration Oath be administered to every Magistrate and Officer obleiged by Law to take the same the first Session or the first Court Marshall ensuing.
Oct. 28. 50l. paid to Florence Burroughs for sloop hire (Sept. 22).
33l. 16s. 3d. paid to the seamen which escaped in the sloop Catha. from Hispaniola for 1,126 foot of planck taken up for the publick use, etc. [C.O. 140, 6. pp. 180, 181; and 192, 193.]
Oct. 27.
1200. Minutes of Council of New Hampshire. Wm. Partridge made a motion to H.E., that he having a ship in the River that wanted to be fitted to sea with all expedition, and required the daily attendance upon her, he being bound a voyage to England, desired that he might be dismist as being a Member of this Board, which his Honour granted.
H.E. proposed that whereas there are but two souldjers belonging to H.M. Fort William and Mary at Newcastle under the Queen's pay, are not sufficient for the safeguard of said Fort, therefore thinks it highly reasonable that there be four men more added to the said Fort as souldjers under the Queen's pay, ordered that four men be entered accordingly from to-morrow to continue there one month. Ordered that cartridge paper be supplied for the great guns at H.M. Fort at Newcastle, and a boat with oars etc., and wood and oil.
Ordered that the Selectmen and Militia Officers shall have full power in each town of this Province, if they shall see meet, to order all corne and graine to be brought under the safety of some garrison in the town where the owners thereof shall live, and in case any person shall refuse to bring in the same accordingly, that then it shall be in the power of the said Selectmen and Militia Officers to cause the said corne and graine to be secured as aforesaid, and shall pay the charge accrewed out of the said corn and graine. [C.O. 5, 789. pp. 148, 149.]
Oct. 27.
1201. Minutes of Council in Assembly of the Massachusetts Bay. The Assembly attending, H.E. addressed them:—Since I last saw you I have visited the frontiers and put them in the best posture I could, and have now about 400 men upon a second march into the woods to find the enemy's quarters, and to see what can be done upon them, agreeable to your desire and advice the late Session, and have had the Galley and two sloops well fitted, cruising upon the Eastern Coast, to prevent any French trade with the enemy. I shall now draw the forces into quarters to recruit after their weary marches, till the men be well setled for a winter's march to the other Forts, which can at no other time be come at by us, and trust in the good Providence of Almighty God that he will give us advantage against so perfidious an enemy. I have to communicate to you H.M. repeated commands, wch. I have received by these ships, of her just expectation that you do settle a salary upon your Governor for his honble. support, as you tender her princely regard and favour for you, as likewise that you do again consider and do your duty in restoring the fortifications at Pemaquid. I shall offer you no arguments on these heads, but that herein we shall show ourselves obedient and good subjects, as all H.M. Kingdoms and Plantations do at this time to the most just and gracious Prince that ever sat upon the Throne of England, and I am commanded to assure you that this is the method to obtain H.M. favour, and that it is her Royal Grace thus to move you to do your duty rather than to have it in any other way. I am sensible of H.M. great favour to the Provinces at present under my command; I have neglected nothing for your service, which I shall always continue to the utmost of my power, and may not doubt of your assistance in everything for the common advantage.
H.M. Letters were read and delivered to the Speaker.
Letter from Constantine Phips, Agent for the Province, read intimating his presenting the Addresses sent the last year to H.M., and the application he had made for a supply of warlike stores; also intimating that a Charter of Incorporation was granting to Sir Matthew Dudley and others to furnish H.M. with Naval Stores from New England.
Oct. 28. Petition of David Jeffries, of Boston, Merchant, on behalf of himself and others the owners of the Byfrons, read and sent down.
Oct. 29. Several petitions presented to the Board, relating to the great drawbridge within the Town of Boston, the carriage whereof is sometime since fallen down, having been read, Ordered that there be a hearing of that matter Nov. 3. [C.O. 5, 789. pp. 876–888.]
Oct. 28.
1202. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Codrington. We are glad to have received a letter under your own hand, dated Aug. 8; and thereby perceiving your health to be in some degree restored, we hope a little time may perfect it, so that we may expect the fuller account of the affaires of your Government which you promise by the next Packet-boat. In the meantime observing by this the continuance of your desire that you may have leave to return to England, and your complaint of being abandon'd by your friends in that matter, we have communicated the same to the Earle of Nottingham, etc. [see Oct. 19]. Signed, Dartmouth, Robt. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, Jno. Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. [C.O. 153, 8. pp. 214, 215.]
Oct. 28.
1203. William Popple to the Clark of the Assembly of Jamaica. The Council of Trade and Plantations, taking notice that there has been a failure in transmitting to them the Minutes of the Assembly of Jamaica for longer time than is convenient for their information, they have ordered me to signify to you that, it being the duty of your place to furnish the Lieut. Governor with transcripts of all proceedings of the Assembly from time to time as he shall require the same, upon pain of incurring the forfeiture of your place, it is expected that you punctually take care therein, or that otherwise such omission will be imputed to your neglect. [C.O. 138, 11. pp. 62, 63.]
Oct. 28.
1204. Council of Trade and Plantations to Lt. Gov. Handasyd. We have now before us two letters from you dated August 27, besides those acknowledged Aug. 26th. We have observed what you write of the difficulties that have been about quartering and subsisting the soldiers, together with the Act which was at length obtained for that purpose. We have likewise considered the petition of yourself and the other Officers which was presented to H.M. and refer'd to us, and we have thereupon laid before H.M. our humble opinion with a favourable regard to the Officers and to the state of the soldiers; the effect whereof we expect and shall in due time acquaint you therewith. We have now under consideration the Acts that have been transmitted for preventing the rebuilding of Port Royal, and for settling the seat of trade at Kingston in order to report upon them. We have heard the several parties concerned therein, and find them highly inflamed against each other, for which we are sorry, they being persons of esteem and consideration: this matter is of the greatest moment, and apparent difficultys arise upon its being determined either way. We should have been glad to have had your opinion more particularly, which as Governour, we think you ought to have given us; whereas you only refer us to other men's opinions in the Minutes of Council. We are laying before H.M. the present state of Jamaica in the several particulars wherein you represent it to us, upon all which matters you shall in due time be acquainted with the directions that may be given upon them. In the mean time as we should have been glad to have found that your endeavours for preventing or composing those differences had been more effectual, so we yet exhort you to employ your utmost care about it. The duplicate of your letter of May 30 expressing (in relation to the Revenue Act) that tho' you could not obtain perpetuity, yet you had obtained 21 years, gave us reason to expect that some Act had already been past to that effect; but we are sorry to perceive by the Minutes of Assembly that the business is yet in agitation, and but small progress made therein. That is a matter wherein your diligence and prudence are much required, and upon the success whereof the settlement of the whole body of laws of that Island, as well those formerly confirmed as those which lye now before us, or may be further transmitted from thence, will depend. In the same letter you mention the troubles that have been occasioned by some base designing men, who endeavoured to put all things into a flame. We wish you had explained that matter more fully, that we might have perceived from whence any disturbances doe or may arise; the jealousies you express of complaints made or sent to us against yourself are groundless, nothing of that kind having been laid before us. You have done well in transmitting to us the differences between yourself and the Councill and Captain Wavell, which we have laid before H.R.H., and accordingly you may expect the proper directions thereupon. Your proposal for settling a Governor in the Bay of Campeachy is defective. You ought to have explained how you conceive such a Governour may be supported, and the place defended; as you enlarge upon this subject we shall take it into consideration. Observing the difficulties that you say you have had in obtaining transcriptions of the Journals of the Assembly, we have ordered our Secretary to write to the Clarke, and admonish him of his duty that no such neglect may be hereafter. We desire you also to give strict charge to whatsoever Clarke or other person it may concern, that the transcripts of all publick proceedings that you send over (and especially Acts of Assembly) be carefully examined, for in the Act to prevent incursions etc. which we have now received (line the 5th) the word enacted, on which the whole depends, is omitted. Signed, Dartmouth, Robt. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, Jn. Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. [C.O. 138, 11. pp. 63–68.]
Oct. 28.
1205. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Sir B. Granville. We have received yours of June 16 and August 3 to us, and of Aug. 3 and 8 to our Secretary; and yet want answers to ours of July 28, and one from our Secretary of Aug. 26. As to the regulation made by H.M. in reference to presents from Assemblys to Governors, it has been general to all parts of America, and was made before your nomination to the Government of Barbados, and was judged necessary to remove the occasions that had been given, and others that might be given, of complaints against Governours, so that tho' it do cut off some advantages you might have expected in that Government, it is not for us to propose anything to H.M. against a settlement so solemnly made: But we shall be glad any other opportunity may offer by which we may recommend your services to H.M. bountiful consideration. We have transmitted an extract of what you writ to us upon the death of the Engineer and Master Gunner to the Board of Ordnance, and of what you writ concerning the pay of the Gunners both to the Ordnance and Treasury; these being the proper Offices to whom the direction of these matters belong. We have also transmitted copies of the Proceedings, which you have sent us, of a Court Martial upon the occasion of three French Prisoners, to the Earle of Nottingham, with our opinion thereupon to be laid before H. M. for the signification of her Royal pleasure, which you may soon expect. As to your apprehension of the want of a new Commission from H.M. for the trying of pirates, we conceive there is no occasion for any such; that from his late Majesty continuing in force till H.M. further pleasure be known, as appears by the Proclamation formerly sent to the President and Councill, a copy whereof is here inclosed. We do not doubt but you have well considered H.M. interest in refusing to ratify the Cartel with the French, and we cannot but approve of your discouraging the frequent Flaggs of Truce sent between the French Islands and Barbados, which serves only to carry on a prohibited Trade injurious to H.M. service. We are sorry for the sickness which you say has been in the Island, and more particularly for the share you have had of it; but hope you are perfectly recovered and may enjoy a more secure state of health after this first seasoning. Signed, Dartmouth, Robt. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, Jno. Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. [C.O. 29, 8. pp. 335–338.]
Oct. 28.
1206. Journal of Council of Trade and Plantations. Letters to Sir B. Granville, Col. Codrington, and Col. Handasyd signed.
Representation relating to the security of Trade agreed upon.
Representation for repealing two Acts of N. Hampshire agreed upon.
Oct. 29. Representation relating to the security of Trade in the Plantations, with letter to Lord Nottingham, signed.
Representation for repealing two Acts of New Hampshire signed.
Letter to the Lord Treasurer, enclosing an account of the incidental charges of this office, signed.
Letter from Mr. Skene, Aug. 9, read. [C.O. 391, 16. pp. 246–248; and 391, 97. pp. 645–649.]
Oct. 28.
1207. Minutes of Council of the Massachusetts Bay. 150l. paid to Capt. Zechariah Tuthill on account of the workmen employed at Castle Island.
Petition of William Vesey etc. [Oct. 21] fully heard. The Council are of opinion that the petitioner be referred for remedy to a due process in the Law. [C.O. 5, 789. p. 544.]
Oct. 29.
1208. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Earl of Nottingham. Enclosing following Representation to be laid before H.M. Signed, Dartmouth, Rob. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, John Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. 1p. Enclosed,
1208. i. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. We have received repeated intelligence from your Majesty's several Plantations in America, that the French have greatly increased the number of their Privateers at the Charibbee Islands, and do intercept our ships trading to those parts with provisions from your Majesty's Northern Plantations, by which your Majesty's Islands are rendered destitute of provisions, and the French, who are not furnished from Europe, are thereby largely supplyed. To prevent which mischiefs, we humbly offer that your Majesty's Governors of New England and New Yorke do send the ships of war attending those Colonies towards the winter season as convoys to the ships trading with provisions and other commodities between the Northern and Southern Plantations, as we have already represented to H.R.H.; and because such convoy sent once a year will not suffice considering the number of provision ships sent from the Northern Plantations, and the different seasons of their sailing, we further humbly offer that besides the said convoy to be settled for the beginning of the winter, another convoy be appointed to saile from England in the month of February, so as to be ready at New York, or some other of the Northern Plantations, by the month of April, to convoy from thence the shiping of those Plantations which shall be ready to sayle at that time to the Southward, and that the times when each of these convoys shall be ready to saile be signified to the several Governors of the Northern Plantations, to be by them made known to whom it may concern, that the shipping may accordingly be ready, by the convenience of which convoy sailing from England the merchant ships trading from hence to the Northern Plantations will likewise find their security. [Note in margin: Agreed, if Pr(ivy) Council no obj].
By letters from several Plantations we are informed that while, in pursuance of your Majesty's Declaration of War, your Majesty's subjects in strict observation thereof do forbear to carry on that private correspondence and commerce which they formerly had with the Spanish Nation in America, and are thereby deprived of considerable advantages, the Dutch with a different regard to their interest do contrive by all ways and means to ingage the Spaniards in those parts to a commerce with them, and for the better ingratiating themselves with that people have called in their privateers, and enjoy a free and open trade with the Spaniards there, far greater than ever; which gives very great discouragement to your Majesty's subjects and occasions their carrying the several commodities of the Plantations (contrary to the Acts of Trade) to the Dutch to be vended by them to the Spaniards or carryed to Europe, for which your Majesty's subjects receive in exchange from the Dutch commodities of the growth of Europe; the same inconvenience does likewise happen between your Majesty's Plantations and the Danish Colony at St. Thomas. For the prevention whereof we humbly offer that effectual orders be given by the Commissioners of your Majesty's Customs to their under officers in the Plantations (and more particularly in the Propriety and Charter Governments, where the Acts of Trade and Navigation are least regarded) that they do more strictly inspect the importation and exportation of all goods there, and take care that sufficient bonds and security be given for the due observation of those Acts in reference to Trade with Foreigners. And that an exact account be given to the said officers and by your Majesty's Governors as far as in them lyes of all Trade carryed on with Curacao and the Island of St. Thomas. And whereas it has been found by long experience that the irritating the Spaniards by private attempts upon the Land in America has only tended to the loss of a considerable trade without any real advantage to your Majesty's subjects, and is the present cause of turning that trade into the hands of our Neighbours, we further humbly offer that such measures be taken herein as to your Majesty's great wisdom shall seem meet. And that your Majesty's subjects be not excluded from an equal advantage of Trade with others in those parts. Signed, Dartmouth, Rob. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, John Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. 4 pp. [C.O. 152, 39. Nos. 97, 97. i.; and 324, 8. pp. 262–267.]
Oct. 29. 1209. Account of Petty Expenses of the Council of Trade and Plantations, Midsummer to Michaelmas, 1703. Total, 9l. 4s. 4d. (includes 8s. for a map). Endorsed, Read Oct. 29, 1703. 1 p. [C.O. 388, 75. No. 76.]
[Oct. 29.] 1210. Mr. Churchill's Account of Stationery supplied to the Office of the Council of Trade and Plantations, Michaelmas to Midsummer, 1703. Total, 30l. 10s. 10d. Endorsed, Read Oct. 29, 1703. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 388, 75. No. 77.]
Oct. 29.] 1211. Mr. Short's Account for postage, Midsummer to Michaelmas, 1703. Total, 24l. 8s. 2d. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 388, 75. No. 78.]
Oct. 29.] 1212. Account of wood and coals for the same. (Scotch coals at 41s. per ton.) Total, 32l. 5s. 2d. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p. [C.O. 388, 75. No. 79.]
Oct. 29.
1213. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lord High Treasurer. We enclose account of the incidental charges of our Office, Dec. 25, 1702—Sept. 29, 1703, amounting to 242l. 14s. 5d. Signed, Dartmouth, Rob. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, Jno. Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. Annexed,
1213. i. Account of Petty Expences as supra. [C.O. 389, 36. pp. 164, 165.]
Oct. 29.
1214. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Having had under consideration several Acts of New Hampshire, we humbly report that the Act for the confirmation of town grants does confirm all grants of lands that have been heretofore made unto any person by the inhabitants of the respective towns within that Province, or by the Select Men, or a Committee in each town, without having any regard to or saving of the rights of the Gent. Proprietor or other persons who might be entituled to the same before the making such grants, which proceeding, especially whilst the controversies in course of Law between the said Proprietor and the Inhabitants of the Province, relating to the right he has always claimed, are yet depending, we conceive to be very undue and not fit to be allowed. And another Act, to prevent contention and controversies that may arise concerning the bounds of the respective townes within this Province, seeming to us of such doubtfull construction, as that the same may intrench on the rights of particular persons, we humbly offer that your Majesty would please to declare your disallowance and repeal of both the said Acts. Signed, Dartmouth, Rob. Cecill, Ph. Meadows, Wm. Blathwayt, John Pollexfen, Mat. Prior. [C.O. 5, 911. pp. 128, 129.]
Oct. 29. 1215. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have considered of the Acts of Barbados, Dec. 23, 1702–Jan. 21, 1703, which Laws I conceive are agreable to Law and doe not containe any thing prejudiciall to H.M. Royal prerogative. Nevertheless I must observe that by that for raising a levy to discharge the public debts provision is made for payment of 750l. to the Agents for that Island in England, the like provision having been made for them by Acts in 1700, 1701, 1702, and your Lordships will best judge by the Agents' attendance on your Board whether they deserve to have such annual sums, and whether they doe attend the business of that Island as becomes them. Signed, Ed. Northey. Endorsed, Recd. Nov. 1703, Read June 19, 1705. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 7. No. 4; and 29, 9. pp. 319, 320.]
Oct. 29. 1216. Attorney General to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have considered of the Acts of Barbados, Nov. 5, 1700–May 15, 1701, and find nothing therein contrary to Law or prejudiciall to H.M. Royal prerogative. Signed, Edw. Northey. Endorsed, Recd. Nov. 4, 1703, Read July 21, 1704. [C.O. 28, 7. No. 5; and 29, 8. pp. 445, 446.]
Oct. 29. 1217. Minutes of Council in Assembly of Jamaica. Acts for raiseing a Revenue; raising and appropriating an additional duty and impost; for encouraging the importation of whites; for ascertaining, establishing and more speedy collecting H.M. Quit rents, were read the first time and past.
Capt. Nedham took the Abjuration Oath.
Message sent up:—The House having maturely considered of your Honour's Speech relating to the Gentlemen expelled (with due regard both to the liberties of the freeholders of each respective parish, and the honour of the House), have resolved that, they being expelled during this Assembly, are thereby become incapable to be Members thereof soe long as this Assembly shall continue. Wherefore wee desire new writts for electing Members to serve in the roome of those Gentlemen.
The House being willing to be free from all aspersions on account of the tearing of their Minutes, have each of them and their Officers voluntarily declared upon the Holy Evangelist that they know not directly or indirectly of tareing the same, or who were concerned therein. We further pray leave to acquaint your Honour that wee hope wee have finished as farr as in us lies H.M. and the Countries buissiness. And since the season of the year requires every man's presence and attendance on our respective affaires, we humbly pray your Honour to take it into consideration. They reminded H.E. of the five Bills sent up.
Whereupon the Governor required the opinion of the Board whether he should issue out new writts according to the opinion of the House, who unanimously agreed that the answer the Board advised the Governor to give on Oct. 2 was full in that part, which they could not now advise him to recede from.
The Act for making the Cay etc. a port of entry was read the first time and past.
Message sent down: The Governor and Council are both of opinion that it is highly reasonable that the House have some time to inspect and attend upon their owne affairs. But the Act for quartering the soldiers being to expire Jan. 1st, desire they will take into consideration to continue the same for longer time, that the recess may be more advantagious to you.
Message sent up that the House had resolved to bring in such a Bill.
Act for raising a Revenue read the second time.
Additional duty Bill read the second time.
Oct. 30. Acts for establishing the Quit-rents and encouraging the importation of white men read the second time.
Petition of the inhabitants of Kingston against the Act for making the Cay a port of entry read. The said Act was read the second time and past by the majority.
In response to a request from the Council, the House consented to a Joint-Committee upon the Act for establishing H.M. Quitrents, "since it is not a Bill for money raised in our House."
In response to a desire from the Council for a free Conference upon the Additional Duty Bill, the House replied that it was their opinion they ought not to confer upon money Bills. [C.O. 140, 6. pp. 547–552; and 565–569.]
Oct. 29. 1218. Journal of Assembly of Jamaica. See preceding abstract under date.
Capt. Mathew Gregory was sworn.
Committee appointed to bring in a Bill to continue H.M. Officers and soldiers [in quarters] for a longer time. Resolved that other Commissioners be appointed in the room of John Blair and Henry Brabant, and that they be accountable to the Commissioners to be appointed by the Act to be brought in. The Bill was read the first time, Hugh Totterdell and Wm. Nedham being appointed Commissioners, and the Act being to continue till May 1, 1704.
Oct. 30. The above Bill was read the second time (i.e. An Act for the Continuance of two Acts for raising money for providing an addition for the subsistence of H.M. officers and souldiers).
See preceding abstract under date.
Col. Odoardo Lewis being very much indisposed had leave to repair home for the recovery of his health.
Proclamation against Thomas Freeman ordered to be entered in the Minutes.
The Chairman of the Committee reported several proposals made at the Conference upon the Act for ascertaining the QuitRents. [C.O. 140, 7. pp. 144–150.]
Oct. 30. 1219. Mr. Secretary Hedges to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I am directed to acquaint your Lordships that it is H.M. pleasure that you should consider whether pitch and tarre for the use of H.M. Navy may not be procured from New England or other H.M. Plantations in America, and by what means it may best be had, you will please to impart your thoughts on this subject to a Committee of the Lords of the Council, who will meet at the Cockpitt this day sevennight at ten a clock in the morning. Signed, C. Hedges. Endorsed, Recd. Read Nov. 1, 1703. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 863. No. 53; and 5, 911. p. 130.]
Oct. 30.] 1220. Benjamin Way to William Popple. Please to note that the Petition from Jamaica, praying H.M. to reject the Kingston Act, that came in this month, is signed by more than the former as under, beside others both of Councill and Assembly by letters write their dislike of it as prosecuted here, Tho. Ayscough of the Council, who was at taking ye Island, Andrew Orgile, Peter Beckford, jr., of the Assembly, and many others of ye considerable people. Signed, Benj. Way. Addressed. ½ p. Enclosed,
1220. i. Sir B. Gracedieu and others to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Gentlemen that so violently press for ye passing those Laws are highly concerned in point of private interest, Col. Lawes and Col. Edlin having their estates at or near Kingston, and the Messrs. Heathcotes having laid out great sums of money soon after ye earthquake at Kingston, built houses and warehouses there, and well knowing that noe ships will come thither to unlade but by utmost compulsion, it being found so inconvenient, dangerous, chargeable and unhealthy a place. By what clandestine and violent means these laws were obtained, and the petitioners against them not only refused to be heard, but threatned for endeavouring it, tho' most nearly concerned in point of property, we are ready to prove with undeniable evidence. The first of those Laws being remitted to Jamaica for further consideration, in return there comes two petitions to H.M. to reject those Laws, signed by 7 of the Council, the whole being but 11, 14 of ye Assembly, and several hundred others, whereof many eminent merchants, planters and others. The Governor indeed hath not signed either of these petitions, but it evidently appears that he as well as all other disinterested persons there see the dismal consequences attending those hasty laws, seeing he permits great numbers of persons to reside at Port Royal, provisions to be sold and victualling houses to be kept there, the penaltys in these Laws notwithstanding, nor can we hear that he hath writ one word to promote the passing them, but rather ye contrary, so that it's evident tho' the country were by surprize prevailed on to pass those Acts, yet after some months' experience, they saw the ill effects and their errour. That those petitions were not unfairly obtained is evident because one comes in August, and another in October, signed by other and more persons, as well of Council and Assembly as of others, so it's ye product of thought, experience and time, not surprize. By the latter of these Laws five persons are appointed Commissioners, whereof any three to be a Quorum, to receive claims, make distributions and convey titles to land at Kingston. Now two of these Gentlemen being concerned of ye great mischiefs attending those Laws, are against the passing of them; they have no interest at Kingston; one of ye other three, Edmd. Edlyne, having a great estate there, is come to England, so that the execution of this Law is rendered almost ineffectual, unless the country think fit to make a supplemental one, which we are fully assured they are too well informed now to doe. As to H.M. ships of war, however those towns are settled, they must come into and ride in Port Royal harbour and must careen there, as is evident by Admiral Benbow's experience, nor can they have anything to propose by going up into the place they call Kingston Harbour, unless that an enemy may not come at them, nor they get to an enemy but at ye expence of a long time, much charge and hazard, for Port Royal Harbour must still continue the safest and best and through which ships must pass, and surely it can't be the worse for having ye strongest fortification in ye Indies for its defence, and a town well peopled by art and nature to be made impregnable for its safeguard. As to trade, the advantages are abundantly on Port Royal side, for that all merchant ships must first come to an anchor there, and may always ride safely there and hawle a ship of 300 tuns to the wharfe side, and unlade, careen, and lade again in one quarter the time and charge it may be possible at Kingston, nor is Kingston Harbour (as called) in any one thing preferable to Port Royal in point of trade, but in many respects more chargeable, hazardous and inconvenient for the shipping and fatally sickly to its inhabitants, as for instance, (1) If ships are compelled to go up to Kingston after they are safe at an anchor in Port Royal harbour, they must another day pass through another channell up and down, which must at least be the work of four days more, and at the charge of skilful pilots, which are costly there, and when gott through into the harbour can't ride there but at the charge of another anchor and cable, which latter is usually spoiled in a voyage, and then requires a much larger time to discharge, careen and relade then at Port Royal; t'will be 3 or 400l. each voyage more. (2) The hazard is very great through the narrow channel, scarce any ship going up or coming down but runs aground more than once, which must be very dangerous with heavy laden ships, and hath already. produced such effects, H.M.S. Bristole being much endammaged and almost lost there, and is now forced to be rebuilt; the Benjamin, and many others of merchants ships have run aground and damaged there; and when gott through this narrow passage, ships come into a wild harbour, where (by confession of the opponents) the wind blowing for four mile together makes a great sea, and indeed the waves usually run as high in Kingston Harbour during the sea-breeze (the proper and healthy time to work) as in the open sea, which is sadly evident by the loss of sundry ships' goods and men's lives in a few months there, which never hapned at Pt. Royall in many years, and this not occasioned by accident, as suggested, but by ye constant high sea and bad weather attending ye harbour, whereas ye harbour of Port Royall under ye shelter of that towne is almost as smooth as a millpond. (3) As to ye fatal sickness attending that place, we heartily wish we had not too much sad reason to mention that, besides its being the reason why that place was once already deserted. It hath been so dismally fatall to our poor freinds from Port Royall obliged to repair thither, that many of them have perished and others suffered very great sicknesses there, scarce any person escaping that was not brought of that unhealthy spott, nor is this sickness common with ye rest of ye Island, but practicarly owing to the unhealthy situation of Kingston, as is evident by the many letters we have thence, with ye sad accts. from our surviving friends. (4) As to the fortifications on Port Royal, we are ready to demonstrate that Port Royal, by art and nature, especially since separated from the Maine by ye earthquake, is so adapted for defence that noe force [of] vessels to be brought against it can ever conquer it, if well defended, which cant safely be done without ye assistance of ye inhabitants.
The principal argument brought for the passing these Laws is ye opinion of Brigadier Selwyn, Admirall Benbow, Col. Lilly and the present Lieut. Governor. Brigadier Selwyn's time and experience in Jamaica was short, nor are we informed that he ever declared that the fortifications and town of Port Royal were to be demolished. Admirall Benbow, a very great and good Commander, having been unkindly treated at Port Royal, endeavoured to prefer Kingston for ye careening his ships, but it's evident he lived to alter his opinion, the Gloucester being almost lost there, and the hulk by his express order brought down to Port Royal, and the Queen's ships careened there. Capt. Lilly some time ago declared to a gentleman now here that Port Royal might be made impregnable. Col. Handysid hath sufficiently intimated his opinion by permitting liquors to be sold and so many persons to resort and erect such numerous buildings etc. In August last there were about 300 familys setled, most of them fled from Kingston, terrified with the inconveniencys there, whose propertys will all be taken from them by these Laws, etc. Pray for their rejection. Signed, Bartho. Gracedieu, Benj. Way, James Whitchurch, Stephen Mason. London, Oct. 30, 1703. 5¾ pp. The whole endorsed, Recd. Nov. 1st, Read Nov. 12, 1703. 5¾ pp. [C.O. 137, 6. Nos. 11, 11.i.]
Oct. 30.
1221. Minutes of Council in Assembly of the Massachusetts Bay. Petition of Elisha Hutchinson in the matter of a judgment given for Thomas Cooper, read.
Petition of David Jeffries (Oct. 28) for an abatement of duty on wine spoiled in the wreck of the Byfrons at Piscataqua, granted on the recommendation of the Representatives.
Bill passed by the Representatives relating to the Proprietors of Common and undivided lands, sent up, was read a first time.
Nov. 1. The above Bill was read a second time and committed.
Nov. 2. 35l. paid to Thomas Brattle as a further consideration and in full for his service in laying out the money granted for fortifying Castle Island. [C.O. 5, 789. pp. 878, 879.]
Oct. 31.
1222. Governor Sir B. Granville to the Earl of Nottingham. Acknowledges letter of Sept. 14. I have an account of a fleet of 25 sail of French ships being arrived at Martinique on Sept. 13. I have not bin wanting in sending out for intelligence and getting the best informations, after having had different accounts brought me, all I yet know and what I most depend upon is, that there are amongst them 5 men of war, from 40 to 60 guns and 12 large flyboats with land soldiers. I expect more news of them every day, having well sayling sloops out for that purpose. Signed, Bevill Granville. Endorsed, R. Jan. 23, 170¾. Holograph. 3 pp. [C.O. 28, 38. No. 18.]
Oct. 31. 1223. Governor Sir B. Granville to William Popple. By the Pacquet boat which arrived the 28th instant, I have yours of Aug. 26, with a duplicate enclosed from their Lordships and another for Mr. Bennet, which I have dispatched as you will see. On Sept. 27 H.M.S. Blackwall, Captain Samuel Martin Commander, brought in here a French Privateer of 12 guns and 120 men, which he took in this latitude, as also an Irish ship bound hither, which had bin taken the day before by the said Privateer. Notwithstanding the great number of Privateers which the French have in these parts, the navigation in the latitude and seas about this Island has bin pretty free; which is owing to H.M. two frigates that attend here. On Sept. 13 there did arrive at Martinique 25 sail of French ships, of which I have an account. Six were men of war, five from 40 to 60 gunns, and one of 30. Upon the first notice that I had I gave advice by an express boat to General Codrington. I can't yet learn whether they come upon any design or only for convoys and cruisers. I have sloops out for intelligence as well as the Blackwall. I have the following account by two vessells arrived this week from Rhode Island, vizt., That on Sept. 17, severall persons known inhabitants of Providence, came to Rhode Island and reported that about the latter end of August 300 French and Spaniards landed upon Providence, that they plundered the country, carryed off Mr. Lightwood the President and a pilot: that they blew up the Fort and flung the gunns into the sea: that they remain'd upon the Island about a fortnight and then sailed away.
Collonel Maxwell (who was by H.M. lately added to the Councill, in the room of Collonel Andrews, deceased) dyed here about a fortnight since, upon whose death Mr. Robert Johnstone brought me a mandamus signed by the Queen and countersigned by my Lord Nottingham (bearing date June 7) for his being admitted into the Councill here upon the first vacancy, accordingly he was sworn. There are about a dozen ships loaden here, and will be ready in seven days to sail for London, whither they are bound; I shall take the best care I can that they are safe out of these seas, afterwards they must take their fortune. With this you will receive a particular account of the stores and strength of this Island, which I desire you would lay before their Lordships, as also the state of Manasses Gilligan his case. He is a subject of the Queen's, has traded with H.M. enemies, is taken in the fact and justifyes himself only by pretending to be naturalized a Dane at the Isle of St. Thomas; our lawyers are not clear in their opinion what crime he is guilty of, or whether of any. I have however thought it for H.M. service to have him committed until I can receive directions from their Lordships, how I am to govern myself in this and the like cases. If his naturalizing himself in a neutral island does give him priviledge to trade where he thinks fit, you will have many Merchants in these parts retire to St. Thomas during the war, that they may do the same. I send also the Minutes of what has been done in the Court of Chancery since my being here, as likewise the Minutes of Councill, and naval officers' accounts. Signed, Bevill Granville. Since the writing of this, I have an account brought me, that in the French Fleet aforementioned, there are 5 men of war from 40 to 60 guns and 12 transport vessells, being large fly-boats full of land soldiers, this account I have reason to beleive the most exact, and doe give most credit to it. Enclosed is a duplicate of what I wrote to their Lordships by the last Pacquet boat. I ask your favour for the pacquet to Sir John Stanley. Signed, Bevill Granville. Endorsed, Recd. 24th, Read Jan. 28, 170¾. Holograph. 4 pp. Enclosed,
1223. i. Abstract of preceding. 4¼ pp.
1223. ii. Copies of receipts for packets of letters for Lt. Gov. Bennet, Oct., 1703. Signed respectively, John Sandford and Benjamin Barton.
1223. iii. (a) Account of the Stores of War, Guns, etc. in Barbados; the various Forts and Batteries are enumerated.
(b) List of Militia of Barbados, Oct., 1703.
Regiment of Horse, Col. Farmer, 452.
  "  " Col. Lesley, 433.
  "  of Foot, Col. Wheeler, 850.
  "  " Col. Alleyn, 342.
  "  " Col. Maycock, 354.
  "  " Col. Ramsey, 360.
  "  " Col. Holder, 507.
  "  " Col. Inch, 359.
    "Total, 3,657.
Note in the hand of Governor Sir B. Granville: that what here are called Forts is according to the stile of the country, but in truth they are but batterys without ditch, palizades or embrazures. The Ordinance very defective, the moistnesse of this air being destructive to all iron. The Militia in number much lesse then they were ever known to be, and they every day diminish by the going off of servants, and none are brought in, nor no encouragement for it. To make up the number of the Militia as now it is, one sixth part is old and decrepit men, and half of what remains are boys. Endorsed, Recd. Jan. 24, 170¾. 13 pp.
1223. iv. Duplicate of preceding.
1223. v. Minutes of the Court of Chancery of Barbados, May 25—Oct. 27, 1703. Endorsed as preceding. 20 pp.
1223. vi. Memorandum of Naval Officer's List of Ships, Dec. 25, 1702—Sept. 24, 1703. ¼ p.
1223. vii. Memorandum of Minutes of Council of Barbados, May 11—Sept. 28, 1703. ¼ p.
1223. viii. Copy of an Act to settle 500l. per annum on Governor Sir Beville Granville, June 8, 1703. Endorsed, Recd. Jan. 24, 170¾. 1½ pp.
1223. ix. State of the Case of Manasses Gilligan, drawn up by the Judge of the Admiralty, the Attorney and Solicitor General of Barbados. Oct. 29, 1703. Endorsed as preceding. 3 large pp. [C.O. 28, 7. Nos. 6, 6.i.–ix; and (without enclosures) 29, 8. pp. 368–373.]
[? Oct.] 1224. Merchants and Planters concerned in the Island of Jamaica to the Queen. Petitioners are informed as well by several planters and merchants lately arrived from that Island as by letters from their Correspondents that they had intelligence by prisoners etc. that the French and Spaniards had formed a design to attack Jamaica as soon as they found a fitt opportunity to doe it. In order to which it had been agreed by the French and Spanish Governors in those parts the several quotas that each should provide and have ready for that purpose. And this your petitioners have great reason to feare is true not onely from their said intelligence, but also from the nature and reason of the thing, that Island lying in the very heart of the Spanish Dominions, and only capable of doing them hurt in their trade and keeping them continually uneasy and in arms, that your petitioners are humbly of opinion they will not neglect the first opportunity to draw this thorn out of their side. And now your Petitioners are afraid too fitt an opportunity has presented them, the last letters of ye pacquet boat adviseing that Admiral Graydon hath taken away allmost all the men of warr and left the Island allmost naked. And to add to their misfortunes hath in a violent manner pressed and carryed away a great many of their most useful people, breaking open their houses in the night, and more are frightened away than he pressed, and those that are left by the smallnesse of their numbers doe not think themselves in any manner of safety, but talke of leaving it, as appears by enclosed letters. This being the dangerous state of that Island, Petitioners pray that your Majesty will be graciously pleased to order some men of war with supernumerary men and recruits for the Regiments may be immediately sent to save the Island, and that more severe orders may be given against pressing the few men that are left there. 37 Signatures, including Gilbert Heathcoat, Hans Sloane, etc. 1 p. Enclosed,
1224. i. Extracts of Letters referred to in preceding.
(a) Withywood in Jamaica, July 5, 1703. I am glad of Capt. Acton's arrival and of the two villeins having received their due, though it was look't upon as no prudent act done of Admirall Whetstone in running the hazard of their being taken or so, for which reason Acton protested against careing of them. [See Cal. 1702. Pref. p. xii.] … There was a vote past the Assembly for 200l. as a present to be laid out in fresh provisions for him [? Graydon], but his behaviour stopt it. He was once ashore with the Governor at Spanish Town, where he saw a 50l. plate run for, but no great notice taken of him by the Gentlemen. He has commited several irregular things by pressing, taking of negroes, stealing, as I may call it, at Blewfields, where the fleet watered cattle without paying for them… I am afraid he is Kirby inclineable, if so may he have the same reward. He is sailed for Newfoundland. Du Casse has been very fortunate and undoubted rich in the last four ships, and none but a coward or the power of guineas would (as the Gentlemen aboard with him gives out) lett him escape, who is the onely person and most knowing that can damnifye us here. 1 p.
(b) Jamaica, July 5, 1703. We are now here in such a condition that I think it noways adviseable to discover how many men, the best having left us since the destruction of Port Royal. To this Admirall Graydon has added a finishing stroake, who the morning before he sailed sent his boats and men armed and took off from Port Royall and Kingstone as well inhabitants as seafareing men to the terror and dissatisfaction of all the people of this Island. 1 p.
(c) Jamaica, July 7, 1703. Repeats last half of (b). ½ p.
(d) Jamaica, July 7, 1703. I am glad Kirby and the other dyed, it was a most villanous action. I could wish Graydon went the same way. He has presst at least 70 or 80 persons from Port Royall and Kingston, and did in ye middle of ye night break up houses without spareing any, takeing all people that they pleased. If the Lord High Admiral suffers this, H.M. had better send for us all home, for the enemy may doe what they please with us, for they have now frighted away all the seafaring men, who will never come amongst us, and they were of 10 to 1 more service to us than 10 regiments of souldiers. We have within this 8 months lost above 1,200 seamen, and this finishing stroke has frighted all that were left. You that are at home should stirr with great urgency in this affaire, and get 8 or 10 men of war at least, if possible more, to be here with expedition, for wee are threatned with a powerful descent from both French and Spaniard by November next, and all our seamen gone and left us. Believe me we are in a very deplorable and weak condition without some speedy assistance of men of warr. ¾ p.
(e) Jamaica, July 7. Admiral Graydon and the Fleet from Guardalupa came to Port Royall Keys with the transports. They hove overboard Brigadeer Collumbine, who dyed about Yellows Bay, and as soon as he came there in that harbour and the souldiers were landed, he went a pressing furiously, took not only saylors but others, amongst which Col. Beckford's son Thomas was prest. Att Kingstone on Sunday night the allarm was fired about the said place and every one to his arms. Whipt those masters of vessels that would not come under his sterne at the Keys, and did not doe well by the inhabitants in generall. There is about 80 depositions coming home here against him, and know not how he will come off for such severe actions. ½ p.
(f) Jamaica, July 24, 1703. Admiral Graydon is sailed from hence for England with all the ships of war which attended this Island, except four of the smallest, which ships will signify little in our defence, if we should be attacked by the French and Spaniards, who are in men much our superiors, 20 to 1, and will without doubt invade this island as soon as they are masters at sea, which I hope of you that are concerned this way will remember and sollicite for speedy succours by sea for us. Whenever you heare the French are a sending any ships of war into these parts you may conclude its for this Island, for we are informed by prisoners from all parts that its agreed on by all the Governors in the French and Spanish Dominions in the West Indies to make a powerful attack upon us on the first occasion that offers, and have agreed what number of men each Government shall employ in the expedition. God preserve us. ½ p.
(g) Jamaica, July 7. Admiral Graydon is gone hence about a fortnight past with a great fleet to attack a French settlement at Newfoundland. He hath left but 4 men of war and 2 fireships here, and those against his will. Hee is moros and ill-tempered, and if he had staid long here would have allmost ruined the Island by his pressing allmost all sorts of people, and other ill usage—in perticular his taking off a master of a vessell on borde of his ship and whipped him for not going under his sterne, tho' could not doe it without the hazard of looseing his vessel, wch. is what has not bin before practised by or to any Englishman. ½ p.
(h) (i) (j) Corroborate above in general terms or by hearsay. 3 pp. [C.O. 137, 45. Nos. 52, 52.i.—x.]