America and West Indies: September 1706

Pages 213-230

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 23, 1706-1708. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1916.

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September 1706

Sept. 1.
483. Col. Quary to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I did not arrive in Virginia till July 28. I lost no time in paying my duty to H.E. Governor Nott, who was pleased to receive me very kindly. I deliver'd him the Queen's letter, your Lordships' packet, and put him in mind that there was an absolute necessity of hastening away the ffleet, considering the time of year. He was pleas'd imediatly to summon the Councill to meet, wch. could not be done in less then 9 days, the first thing done was to resolve on the proper time for the ffleet sayling, wch. was resolv'd to be Sept. 1, whither the Greenwich arriv'd or not, and accordingly notice was given to all the Masters of ships in that Government, and an express sent away to Maryland, that all the ships in that Government might have notice to be ready at the time appointed. The next business was the Councill's assigning reasons for their advising the Governor to allow of severall alterations in some bills that had been sent to yr. Lordships, and had your approbation. I have not time at present to goe thro' the alteration in the severall Acts, but will give your Lordships some few instances; they have past a new Act for settling the revenue, under pretence that this is more for the Queen's benefit, than the former Act past in my Lord Culpeper's Government. The advantage they pretend lyes under these two or three heads, first on the duty of tunnage on the ships. By the former Act this duty was paid according to the tunnage mention'd in their respective registers, but this new Act obliges all ships to pay according to the utmost measure by the rule, wch. will be a great burden and clogg to Trade, especially considering how very much trade is already loaden in that Government, perhaps beyond any place whatever. The next great improvement of the Queen's Revenue is the taking from the Masters of ships 4 per cent. of the 10 per cent. allowed them for giving their own bills of Exchange on their owners, for the duty of the 2s. per hhd. and all other the duty of tunnage etc. for their whole lading, and so making themselves answerable for all, when at the same time they are forced to collect this duty in driblets from all the respective freighters, and some times runing the hazard of loosing all, besides anothe end of allowing the 10l. per ct. was their making a just and honest report(s) and entry of their lading, but all these considerations are laid aside, if this Act be confirm'd. The other branch of advancing the Queen's revenue is the taking away from the Naval Officers 4l. per cent. of their allowance for collecting and receiving. This looks like the dogg in the manger, since the Gentlemen of the Councill cannot have those places themselves, they would starve those that have them. But these are the least objections I have against the Act, and will not take up your Lordships' time on it, but leave the merchants and those concern'd in Trade to speak for themselves. The Act for settling the revenue on the Crown was past in my Lord Culpeper's Governmt. near 20 years ago, this Act was drawn in England, and past by the Assembly and made a perpetuall Act, if your Lordships please to observe, this Act is past in a different style, better worded then any Act since, wch. was the reason that these topping men were uneasy at it, and waited an opportunity to have it damn'd, wch. they have now brought to bear, for other ways had the Assembly only design'd to have augmented and added to the Queen's revenue, why could they not make an Act for it without damning and destroying the former Act, and that your Lordships may see the snake in the grass, please to observe that the Assembly are pleas'd to appropriat the Queen's revenue as they think fitt, a thing never pretended to before, and to limitt and confine H.M. from disposing of her own mony, your Lordships will find a clause in this Act not so much as mention'd in ye former, for whereas in the former Act, the Queen was graciously pleas'd to appropriate 370l. to be divided amongst those of her Councill that gave their attendance at the Assembly and Generall Courts, in this Act they have order'd otherwise, and enacted that no Member of H.M. Councill shall have any part or share of her bounty, tho' they discharge the duty requir'd, unless they have been three years resident in the Province, by wch. they have tyed up the Queen's hands from giving any part of her Bounty but according to their pleasure, when they ware reading their reason for severall alterations, I took occasion to ask them why they had not assign'd a reason for that alteration, they told me that they did not know or did not mind that clause, and H.E. was pleas'd to say, that he could not have beleiv'd that such a clause was in the Act, and that if hee had, it should never have passed, and those Gentlemen that drew up the reasons for all the other alterations was resolv'd to pass by this in silence the better to keep the Governor in the dark; I have not time at present to inlarge on this subject, but leave it to your Lordships' consideration. The next thing propos'd was an address from ye Gentlemen of the Councill requesting H.E. that he would please to apply to your Lordships that they might be capable to execute the places of proffit in the Government, on wch. he laid before them the coppys of two Memorialls formerly given in to your Lordships, the one by Mr. Blaire, Coll. Hartwell, and Mr. Edward Chilton, the other by Mr. Benja. Harrison, both containing many reasons against the Councill executing those offices. I told H.E. that I thought Mr. Blaire was obliged to justify the subject matter of the Memoriall wch. he had sign'd, or else to own that he had abused the Government by an unjust representation, all the answer he gave to it was, that what he sign'd was by order or direction from Coll. Nicholson. I desired to know if Coll. Nicholson was the Governor of the Province, he answered Noe. I ask'd who was then Governor, he said it was Sir Edmund Andross, wch. gave me the handle to observe to H.E. that it seem'd very strange that Mr. Blaire should take instructions from a person that was noe Governor, to transact and represent the state of the Governmt.; especiall[y] without the knowledge or approbation of so worthy a man then Governor of the Province, Sir Edmund Andros, but this was all past by, and no further notice taken of those Memorialls, wch. obliged me to say that doubtless your Lordships had some end or reason in sending those copys, but they proceeded to sign the Address, without minding it any further, and were pleas'd to desire yt. I would sign wth. them, wch. I refused. The short time the ffleet hath to stay, and the hurry of business wch. I have, prevents my representing severall other matters to your Lordships, wch. I must referr to another time, but before I conclude I begg leave to observe to your Lordships that there are severall in this Governmt. who have been for many years endeavouring to have all the power vested in the Councill, in order to effect this, they have by degrees endeavour'd to lessen the prerogative, and to render the Queen's Governor little better than a cypher, and in truth they have in effect gain'd their point, if your Lordships please to consider that they are the sole Judges of law and property wch. makes all depend on them, they have the whole command and regulation of the Militia, formerly they were Collonells of the Regiments in the respective Countys where they liv'd, but now they are made Lord Lieuts. of the Countys, so that now one of these Gentlemen hath the command of three severall countys, it's true they are not called Lord Lieuts., but have all the power, and doe appoint Colonells under them, this new regulation hath made some of the Countys so uneasy that they cannot get officers to serve, the Governor can make no justice or any officer in the Government without their advice, it was a charge against one of the Naval Officers to the Comrs. of the Customs that he was put in by the Governr. without the advice of the Councill, tho' the Governor himself is only answerable for him. H.E. did lately appoint a Gentleman quallify'd by the Law and by the consent of the Councill to be Sheriff of James City County, but one of the topping Justices of that County, because the Gentleman would not make a friend of his UnderSheriff, refused to lett the Sheriff be sworn in the Court as the law directs, but instead of admitting him was pleas'd to publish a paper on the Court door requiring all the Inhabitants in the County to give in a charge agt. the sd. Sheriff of all they knew against him in the course of his life; this was to be brought in the next Court, wch. was accordingly done. I then happened to be in the Court to prove a writing wch. I had sign'd in England. I never heard such confusion in all my life, but after all nothing could be proved against the Gentleman of any weight, H.E. the Governor resented this proceeding as an affront to him, and accordingly was pleased to lay it before the Councill, who generally excused the matter, and nothing done; this topping Justice was a hott man in some of their intrist. There goes now home the greatest ffleet that ever went from the tobacco Plantations, near 300 sails of ships, so that unless the merchants concern'd in that trade doe unanimously agree on the proper methods for supplying the fforeign markets, they will ruin all; the quantity that now goes is very great, yet considering the scarcity of tobacco both at home and all our fforeign markets there will be a vent for all and a very good price if the merchants could have but a true understanding amongst themselves and not by their heats and prejudice undermine each other and so ruin the trade and loose the opportunity now offer'd, there is now as great a crop on the ground as ever was known, but should it be sent for before they have sold and vended what goes now in the ffleet, they will make a drugg of both, ruin the poor planter and the Trade in generall. I hope your Lordships will take this matter into your consideration. Signed, Robt. Quary. Endorsed, Recd. Nov. 26, 1706. Read Feb. 24, 1706/7. 4½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1315. No. 43; and 5, 1362. pp. 101–108.]
Sept. 2.
484. Mr. Jenings, President of the Council of Virginia, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The last dispatches and Journals were transmitted your Lordps. by the Marleborough gally, and ye transactions since are now by H.M.S. Greenwich, by wch. with ye Council I have acquainted your Lordps. with ye death of Coll. Nott, as hee left our unfortunate differences in a great measure reconciled, I hope the present Governmt. will use their utmost endeavours to perfect. My Lords, the present post now fallen on mee, makes mee take the liberty to assure your Lordpps. I shall strugle to prevent what may bee thought a disservice to or infringemt. on H.M. Prerogative, and if anything appear to bee carried on or passed in the Council to the contrary, I beg your Lordps. not to attribute itt to my inclinations or means. The Council's letters to your Lordps., and ye reasons for H.E. passing the laws, gives mee little room to add, etc. I shall only observe that the body of the laws are imperfect, for want of the Church, and some few other Bills that were not agreed too. I shou'd have been glad the reasons of ye Council wou'd have bin prevalent with ye Burgesses, but I hope in a proper time they will lay aside prejudice, and bee convinced of the necessity of agreeing to yt. necessary Bill for advanceing ye Church and Clergy; besides the reasons of ye Council for H.E. not passing the County Court Bill, there being matters of law and proceedings of the Courts which hee was desirous to have advice in, besides a table of fees were not agreed on for all offices. The Burgesses had passed a Bill for appointing some, but diminished the County Clerk's fees soe considerably, that itt would not have bin a maintenance for any young man, and thrust in a clause to take away the greatest part of profitt and perquisites the Secretary time out of mind ever injoyed, and incroached on the prerogative, wch. caused mee to oppose itt in the House of Burgesses and Council, where I gott itt layd aside; itt was intentionly levelled att my present advantage for haveing attending your Lordpps. with ye Laws according to comands and my duty. The making the laws take place att the end of the Session hath delayed the course of Justice, for want of them; this was desired to have bin prevented, by giveing time before they took place, but this thought prejudicial and unpresidentiall. Your Lordps.' comands abt. seating and granting of land hath occasionned the stopping of Patents, wch. gives uneasyness, and if long continued may great dissatisfaction; your Lordps.' early resolutions herein will be very acceptable. The Assembly was prorogued by his late Excellency's Proclamation, wch. I presume is now dissolved, but there being some amongst us that doubt itt, I thought fitt to putt the Council in mind of your Lordps.' directions in this case. H.E. Instructions are sealed up and not to bee open'd but on emergent occasion. My Lords, I beg leave to acqt. your Lordps. that on the Death of his late Excellency I imeadiatly dispatched expresses to the Gentlemen of ye Council, and at 11 clock next day five of ye nearest meet, but being not a majority, wee appointed the 27th following, the resolutions and methods for takeing the Governmt. are transmitted; this being this first Governor that has dyed in Virginia, by wch. ye care of ye Governmt. is devolved on the Council, doubts did arise about ye power of ye Presidt., and how proclamations should issue; itt was ruled according to the minutes, in wch I desired to bee passive and waite your Lordps.' comands, wch. I shall always punctually observe. I can conclude with assurance to your Lordps. that the country is in peace and quietness and have noe doubt but will soe continue. My indeavours shall bee to discharge this honble. post for H.M. interest and service, yt. I may deservedly merritt the continuence of your Lordps.' favour to, Signed, E. Jenings. Endorsed, Recd. 20th, Read 26th, 1706. Holograph. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 1315. No. 36; and 5, 1362. pp. 82–84.]
Sept. 2.
485. Mr. Jenings to Mr. Popple, jr. Acknowledges letters and repeats part of preceding. Encloses defaced seal. Mirtle wax was not to be had the last year. I hope to gett some this fall. Byrds are difficult to bee gott or kept alive. I have had many nursed but could not keep; I hope to send you some squirrells, but can't procure them, but pray inquire of Mr. Corbin, if any sent, hee will deliver them, etc. Signed, E. Jenings. Endorsed as preceding. Holograph. 1½ pp. Enclosed,
485. i. Copy of Act of Virginia prescribing the method of appointing County Court Clerkes, and for ascertaining the fees of the Secretary, County Court Clerks, Sherriffs and Constables. Endorsed as preceding. 13¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 1315. Nos. 37, 37.i.; and (without enclosure) 5, 1362. pp. 84–86.]
Sept. 3.
486. Mr. Secretary Hedges to Governor Sir B. Granville. Since my last the Confederate Troops in the Netherlands have taken Menin, a town tho small yet esteemed to be one of the strongest in Europe, and we have an account by the way of Ostende that the Duke of Marlborough has also possest himself of Dendennonde, that place having capitulated the 5th instant n.s., of which we expect the confirmation by the next letters from Holland, whence there are two mailes due. All the Forces the French could draw together on that side with the Duke of Vandome at their head, who was sent for from Italy to command them as being the best of their Generalls, have not been able to give the least hinderance to the Duke of Marlborough's progresses. We have not yet reaped all the fruit wee expected from our successes in Spain, the Duke of Anjou having been encouraged by the absence of the Catholick King and the weakness of the Portuguese army to return into Castile, but we have now received advices of his Catholick Majesty's and the Earl of Peterborow's having joyned the Earl of Gallway with considerable reinforcements, and such measures are taken as we have no reason to doubt will soon reduce that whole Kingdome to the obedience of its lawfull Soveraign. It is hoped his subjects in America will of themselves declare for him, and care will be taken to give them all necessary protection and assistance, which you will take all opportunities to lett them know. In Italy, the only place whence the enemy possibly might have drawn succours to maintain themselves in the possession of the Spanish Monarchy, the Duke of Savoy's extraordinary resolution and firm adherence to the common cause have given their troops full employment, and Turin after a long and most vigorous resistance has in all probability been rescued before this time by Prince Eugene, there being advices of his having gained Stradella, the only difficult pass in his way to Piedmont. I must not omitt to tell you that Carthagena has declared for the King of Spain, and that Alicant is taken by storm. Signed, C. Hedges.
The like letter was sent to the following Governors: Lord Cornbury, Col. Dudley, Col. Seymour, Col. Nott, Col. Handasyd, Col. Parke, with the following additions to Col. Parke:—The 5 French prizes laden with provisions of which I gave you notice in mine of July 4, that were brought into Ireland, and were ordered thence to Nevis and St. Christophers for relief of the poor sufferers there, have been detained by contrary winds, but will putt to sea as soon as the wind permitts. A supply of Ordnance and Stores is to be sent to those Islands from hence, which is already embarked, as a reinforcement of 300 men that are likewise ordered thither, will be very speedily, and they are to be furnisht with provisions for 4 months at whole allowance. The Admiralty have promised a convoy for these supplys, which will be sent you as soon as possible, but before they can arrive, I hope you will see a squadron of H.M. ships in your parts, which is ordered to touch at the Leeward Islands, and leave there what Ordnance and Stores can be spared from on board the ships. I enclose a duplicate of my last, and can only add that it is thought here that Nevis having most suffered, will require your residence in that place, in order to resettle and encourage those people. Signed, C. Hedges. [C.O. 324, 30. pp. 106–108.]
Sept. 5.
487. Mr. Sec. Hedges to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Requests that copy of Lord Baltimore's Charter be sent to the Attorney General. Signed, C. Hedges. Endorsed, Recd. Read Sept. 17, 1706. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 716. No. 16; and 5, 726. pp. 393, 394.]
Sept. 10.
New York.
488. Governor Lord Cornbury to the Council of Trade and Plantations. In your Lordshipps' letter of Feb. 4, 1705/6, you are pleased to direct me to re-admit Mr. Morris into the Councill upon his submission, I assure your Lordshipps that he shall noe sooner doe the one, but I will doe the other, and I shall be very well satisfied if the Gentlemen who have answered for his behaviour to your Lordshipps doe not find themselves mistaken; I return you thanks for the confirmation of the three Gentlemen I recomended to be of the Councill of New Jersey; as to what relates to Mr. Peter Sonmans, I must acquaint you that he has been here some time, and I have not observed anything in him yet but is very well, he is dilligent and zealous in promoting the Proprietors' interest, but has always done it with that respect to H.M. that became him, and indeed I look upon him to be a very fit person to serve in Councill, there is now living for the Western Division Mr. Jennings, Mr. Revell, Mr. Davenport, Mr. Deacon and Mr. Leeds, for the Eastern Division Capt. Andrew Bowne, Mr. Pinhorne and Mr. Sandford, besides Coll. Quary, and H.M. having been pleased to add Coll. Coxe, Coll. Townley and Mr. Mompesson, and your Lordshipps having directed me to restore Mr. Morriss upon his submission there will be no vacancy yet, but Mr. Revell, Mr. Daveport and Capt. Bowne are all three dangerously ill at this time, and I am afraid of an incurable disease, I mean old age, besides other distempers. I send you inclosed the names of 12 persons, which I think are the fittest to serve in Councill, as others drop off. I have perused Mr. Attorney Generall Northey's opinion, and will take care that it be observed; As for what your Lordshipps observe concerning the Acts of Assembly passed in 1704, I will endeavour to get those alterations you desire made at the next Sessions, which is to begin at Amboy on Oct. 24 next; your Lordshipps are pleased to say that a complaint has been made to you that the elections for the last Assembly were made in such haste that there was not due and timely notice, if soe the fault may lie among the Sheriffs, for I have always directed the Secretary to take care that there be at least 40 days allowed between the Teste, and the return of the writt. Your Lordshipps likewise mention a complaint made that three Members were kept out of the Assembly, etc. Refers for answer to letter of Nov. 27, 1705. You will find, that as soon as they removed the objections, they were admitted. As for the complaint made by the Proprietors of the Western Division, I have this to say, that at my first taking possession of the Government of the Province of New Jersey, severall persons complained to me that the Agent for the Proprietors very often refused to let them see the Records where their Patents were recorded, and that they had great reason to believe that their Patents were not fairly recorded, and desired that the Records might be lodged in the Secretary's Office, where they might have recourse to them at all times, which I ordered accordingly, but since your Lordshipps are of opinion that they ought to be restored to the Proprietors' Agents, I will take care that it shall be done forthwith. As for the Records of deeds and conveyances being carry'd out of the Province, I know nothing of it, nor doe I believe it has been done. The next complaint your Lordshipps mention to have been made to you is that I have put into the Commission of the Peace severall mean and contemptible persons, perticularly one Salter, whom (they say) I know was under prosecution for felony, and that I have granted Commissions in the Millitia to other persons who have no estates in the Province; to this I answer that I have not put one man into the Commission of the Peace in the Province of New Jersey but such as have been recommended to me by one or more of the Gentlemen of H.M. Councill for that Province; as for Salter, he was recommended to me by Capt. Bowne, and I doe solemnly protest I never heard that he was under any prosecution at all till I received your letter, and since that time I have made the stricktest inquiry I can about that matter, and I doe find that severall years agoe there was one Salter that was under prosecution in England, for some crime, but what that crime was I can't learn, but it is positively affirmed to me that this is not that man, and realy if he were that man, it would be a pretty extraordinary thing that the Country should choose such a man to be one of their Representatives in Generall Assembly, for he is actually soe now in this Assembly, and I protest I never yet saw anything ill in the man; As for the Millitia Officers, I have always chosen them by the recommendation of the Gentlemen of the Councill, or the Field-Officers of the respective Regiments, and by the best inquiry that I can make, I can't find that there are such scandalous persons in Commission, whenever anybody will inform me of such persons, I shall soon remove them; your Lordshipps shall have fair transcripts of all the Minutes of Councill and Assembly with the first opportunity. I have received the new Seale etc. P.S.—Since I finished this letter some of the Gentlemen of New Jersey have desired me not to send any list till the meeting at Amboy, which will be very shortly, I find they have a mind to recommend some persons, therefore I intreat your Lordshipps will not be displeased that I doe not now send the list which I had prepared. Signed, Cornbury. Endorsed, Recd. from Mr. Sloper, Nov. 28, Read Dec. 6, 1706. Holograph. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 970. No. 42; and 5, 994. A. pp. 284–289.]
Sept. 13.
St. Johns in Newfoundland.
489. Major Lloyd to [? Mr. Secretary Hedges]. Acknowledges letter of June 6. By ye man of war yt. will convey ye shipps for England shall give a satisfactory acct. of ye false accusations of my enemies, which they have in a great measure got to be credited by stopping all my letters last year. Prays that a stop be put to any payment to Lt. Moody, until the accounts to be sent this year arrive. By my sending of continuall parties out, ye French have not been able to doe us any injury. About 9 dayes since, I with 30 soldiers pursued a party of French of 21, who had plundered several inhabitants of Trinity Bay and carried ye same to a place called Comby Chance in Plasintia Bay, where I overtook them, some I killed, tooke 7 of them prisoners, as also several boats, goods etc. considerable, wch. I returned to ye inhabitants from whom they were taken. Signed, Tho. Lloyd. Endorsed, R. Oct. 13. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 22. No. 69.]
Sept. 14.
490. Governor and Company of Rhode Island to the Council of Trade and Plantations. In obedience to H.M. commands, Dec. 18, 1705, relating to the petition and complaint of one Andrew Harris, Thomas Field and Nathaniel Waterman of Patuxet in New England etc., we have sent our answer, with the copies of what we find upon record relating the same, to our Agent, Wm. Wharton, by him to be communicated to your Lordships, by which we doubt not but your Lordships will be made sensible that the Government had done their duty according to the command they received, and that the petitioners had no ground of complaint against the Government. We therefore pray a favourable report from your Lordships to Our gratious Majesty the Queen, and her most noble and learned Council, relating the same; and that you will be pleased to admit our said Agent to make such further answer and plea, in behalf of the Colony and Government, as he shal or may see occasion, according to his Instructions, also praying your Lordships' further favour in all cases that may relate this Government, and that you will extend your charity towards us, so far as to believe we are H.M. loyal and faithful subjects, and that we are not so contemtible and remiss as our adversaries have endeavoured to render us, and we fear doth still endeavour to do; but we doubt not but God Almighty in his good time will discover their unjust and prejudicial designs against us. And as we are in duty bound (as well as to prevent the designs of our adversaries in their misrepresentations) shal presume to advise your Lordships of the state and affairs of the Government this present summer, which through the mercy and blessing of God hath been hitherto preserved from the assaults of the common ennemy, altho we have not been without fear and apprehension of danger, especially from the French fleet and forces that sacked and plundered St. Christophers and Nevis, the General or Admiral of said Fleet giving out threatnings against these parts, so that we have been and are still upon our watch and guard, and have cast up and raised several breast works, and batteries about the town of Newport (the metropolis of this H.M. Colony) in order to prevent the enemy from landing near said town, we having the greater advantage, if they should land at a distance, to annoy them, and defend our selves; we have been also this summer as well as the last obliged to maintain a quota of men at Block Island, for the defence of said Island and security of H.M. interest there, besides the continual wards and watches kept upon the sea coast of this Colony, and the Inland scouts, is no smal charge to the same, and our often fitting and sending out vessels upon the discovery, and to secure the coast, according to our strength and abilities, hath done good service for the adjacent Provinces and Colonies, as well as for this H.M. Colony. And the readiness and willingness of our people, upon any expedition for H.M. service, cannot but be acknowledged by the greatest of our adversaries. We shal only instance to your Lordships one, which hapned about two months since, vizt., an express being sent to the Governor, that a French privateer had taken a trading sloop, laden with provisions, upon the coast (the evening before the express came) the Governor immediately caused Proclamation to be made for volontiers (as our custom is in such cases) to go against H.M. enemies, and in two hours time had two sloops (which he had taken up for said service) fitted and man'd with 120 men, who within three hours after, upon the coast of Block Island, made themselves masters of said French privateer and the prize she had taken, and brought them into this Port. The privateer was from Petit Guaves, a sloop man'd with 40 men; the which expedition gave a general satisfaction to the whole country, by reason of the suddeness thereof; and that said privateer was going off with his prize to Port Royal, where they were in great want of provisions. We do not boast or value our selves upon what we have done (acknowledging it our duty at all times to serve H.M. to the utmost of our strength and abilities) but that H.M. and your Lordships may be rightly informed of our state, and to prevent fals reports, therefore do we presume to give your Lordships the trouble of the aforesaid accounts. This Colony hath been and is at considerable charge in maintaining and keeping of prisoners that hath been taken and brought into the same, the charge of keeping the late prisoners hath already stood the Colony in near 100l., all which we presume to lay before your Lordships for the reasons aforesaid, and that H.M. and your Lordships may know that our adversaries hath asperst us with gross and false representations. We congratulate H.M. in her great and glorious enterprizes, and success of her victorious arms (in conjunction with her Allies) against the common enemy, and supplicate His divine Majesty the King of Kings, that he will still continue his protecting arm, and make her arms still more victorious, and that her fame and renown for the honour and glory of the Nations may extend to the utmost corners of the Earth; we also pray for H.M. health, and that it will please God to grant her a long and glorious reign over us; and that when it shall please the Almighty to call her from her Earthly Crown, that he will crown her with a Crown of Righteousness and everlasting glory. We also pray for your Lordships' health and prosperity, and that it may please God to add to your great wisdoms and understandings, so as you may discern between the just and unjust, and between the faithful and unfaithful. We subscribe H.M. loyal and faithful (tho poor and despised) subjects, and your Lordships' humble and obedient servants, the Governor and Company of H.M. Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England. Signed, per Order, Weston Clarke, Secretary. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 28th Feb., 1706/7. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 1263. No. 140; and 5, 1291. pp. 446–451.]
Sept. 15.
491. [? Governor Parke] to the Council of Trade and Plantations. This comes by the way of Barbadoes, onely to inform your Lordships of the unfortunate death of Col. Johnson the Lt. Governor of Nevis. The day the last packett sayled, was the day of rejoiceing at St. Christophers for the Duke's victory at Rammalis; the packett had not been dispatch'd two hours before Col. Johnson was kill'd by Mr. Pogson, one of the Councill; the manner of it is differently reported, therefore must refer that part till after the tryall, when the witnesses are upon their oathes; 'twas an old quarrell. This I may say, Col. Johnson dyed Col. Codrington's martyr; Mr. Pogson, it seems, is the man yt. kept possession of a Plantation in St. Kitts for Mr. Freeman, which Col. Codrington cou'd not persuade him to quitt therefore forced out, for which Mr. Freeman complained in the House of Commons in England. He got possession again in Sir Wm. Mathew's time, who swore him one of the Councill. After Sir William's death, Col. Johnson suspended him; by Codrington's order, for that was his way of useing Johnson, for Codrington, all Johnson's time, govern'd more absolutely than when he was Generall himself. In my Instructions your Lordships restored Mr. Pogson to the Councill and Col. Crisp. Johnson was a bricklayer, went into ye army, was first a Serjeant; Tiffany made him a Captain for bringing him good store of black cattle in the Irish warr; Codrington made him Major, Lieut.-Collonel and Lt. Governor, he could neither write nor read. When any letters of moment were to be writt Codrington first writt them and then they were coppy'd and sent, now he is dead Col. Codrington makes greater reflections on him than any other, to make people think he had no hand in Johnson's misgovernment. Pogson will be tryed when I return to St. Kitts. No signature. Endorsed, Recd. 17th, Read 18th Dec. 1706. 2 pp. [C.O. 152, 6. No. 69; and 153, 9. pp. 430–432.]
Sept. 16. 492. Mr. Dummer to Mr. Popple. Gives sailings of King William and Frankland packet boats. Out and home 115 and 98 days. Signed, E. Dummer. Endorsed, Recd. Read Sept. 17, 1706. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 323, 6. No. 15.]
Sept. 16. 493. Governor Handasyd to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have had none from your Lops. by this packett. I am now to return your Lorps. my hearty thanks for your assistance to me in the procuring my Commission as Brigadier, and since I am not yet to expect the releif either of my selfe or Regiment, I hope your Lorps. will so continue your favours to us as not to suffer us to be forgott in the establishment, when a peace is concluded. The apprehensions we were under of the French attempting us are at present at an end, and I am of opinion the Island was put into so good a posture, that they would have got nothing from us but broken bones, and must assure your Lorps. Jamaica should never have been lost while I had lived, but with the best part of our lives: my Regiment still want 150 men to compleat it, which I hope will be sent over for fear any attempt should be made by the Enemy the next spring. I have by this packett received from Sir C. Hedges some newspapers, containing the glorious successes of H.M. arms in Spain, and the progress King Charles has made towards Madrid, which I shall cause to be put into Spanish and shall send to the Spanish Governors by the first tradeing vessell that goes out. Our fleet under the command of Admirall Whetstone, joyned by Capt. Kerr, has been off Carthagene, where the Admirall sent a letter to the Governor, but by a false interpretation of it, made by some Frenchmen who were with him, it being writt in English, the answer was not so good as might have been expected, for which Reason I am getting that letter put into Spanish, and shall send it to the Governor to shew him how villainous those have been who have put a false construction on it: (copy enclosed). Admirall Whetstone is returned into port with the squadron intended for England, and I beleive will be ready to sail the last of this month; there will be on board of him at least 200,000l. in boulion, therefore I hope a squadron will be sent out to meet him in the chops of the Channell. Capt. Kerr is not yet returned, but continues his cruize on the Spanish coast. The Assembly is now sitting, and I am of opinion the factious party is broke, and that they will unanimously proceed on business. I here inclose to your Lorps. the Minutes of Councill and Assembly of what they have hitherto done. The English woolen manufactory is very much wanting on the Spanish coast, the Gallions having brought little, nor did our last merchant ships bring any quantity. The Island is now very healthy, but has been afflicted with a bleeding ffeaver, of which severall have died. Signed, Tho. Handasyd. Endorsed Recd. Oct. 30, Read Nov. 12, 1706. 2½ pp. Enclosed,
493. i. Copy of Sir W. Whetstone's letter to the Governor of Carthagene, Aug. 15, 1706. Sometime since I had a good opportunity of writing to your Excellency by 3 Spaniards I took in a French ship, and you honoured me with a very obligeing answer. My business then was only to acquaint you of the great endeavours used by the most Serene Lady and my great Mistress, the Queen of Great Brittain etc. to restore the peace of Spain, and to settle the Crown in the right line of the ancient House of Austria etc. Refers to enclosed prints giving account of the Allies' successes. We may hope in a very little time to see Spain restored to its ancient ffreedom, trade and libertys. If I am capable to contribute to your benefitt and happiness in these parts, I shall always be ready upon the least notice given at any time to Jamaica; you are assured of the Governor of that place's readiness at all times to do the same. This worthy gentleman who is now with me, whom H.M. has sent out with a good squadron of men-of-war, will improve all oppertunitys of doing the greatest service he can for the interest of his Catholick Majesty, Charles III. etc. Signed, Wm. Whetstone. P.S.—I hope you have had letters lately from Old Spain, which will give you assurance of much more than these papers mention, and I highly presume that Cadiz by this time is in the hands of his Catholick Majesty, Charles III. Endorsed, Recd. Oct. 30, 1706. 1¼ pp. [C.O. 137, 7. Nos. 32, 32.i.; and (without enclosure) 138, 12.pp.33–37.]
Sept. 16.
494. Governor Handasyd to Mr. Secretary Hedges. Acknowledges letters June 28 and 30, and July 4, etc. Repeats part of preceding. Signed, Tho. Handasyd. Endorsed, R. Oct. 30. 2½ pp. [C.O. 137, 45. No. 84.]
Sept. 19.
495. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Secretary Hedges. Enclose extracts of letters from Governor Handasyd (Aug. 6) and Lt. Gov. Johnson and Governor Parke, relating to ships of war, etc., and congratulatory addresses from the Governor and Council of Jamaica to be laid before H.M. Autograph signatures. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 318, 3. No. 31; and 138, 12. pp. 29, 30.]
Sept. 19.
496. Col. Sharpe to Mr. Sec. Hedges. I have recd. your letter by the Antegua Packett directed to Sir Bevill Granville, who left this Place the 14th instant in H.M.S. Kinsale, with another of H.M. ships, the Dolphin, and our Trade home. H.M. subjects here are very sensible of the misfortunes of Nevis, and have shewn the greatest inclinations to relieve them; But such is our unhappyness, that our circumstancys (as Sir Bevill can inform you) will not admitt the doing them any considerable service at this time. There are of H.M. ships none but the Maidstone here, the Jersey and Crown haveing sayl'd with Commodore Kerr: so that neither are they able to countenance that Place, nor indeed so much as protect our own coast, which now in a manner is quite naked and unguarded. Her most sacred Majesty's care of that and the other Islands signified in your letter must be their only support, as indeed it is the surest any of us have to depend upon, which H.M. subjects here have often experienc'd, and of which they express the most dutyfull and gratefull sense. The Preparations begun by our worthy good Governour Sr. Bevill Granville for defending this Place, if the Enemy should attempt it, have been forc't for some time to be left off, excepting Castle St. Ann, and this, with the guarding our coasts, lyes so heavy upon the inhabitants, that they seem unable much longer to sustain it, but yet are at present encourag'd to undergoe it, in hopes H.M. will be graciously pleased to take their case into her Royall consideration, and order some Forces here. I shall, according to your commands, embrace all opportunities of leting the Spaniards know the happy successes of their lawfull Sovereign, in order to encourage the shakeing off their yoke of a foreign Government. Sr., the great and glorious successes of H.M. armes etc., are received by H.M. faithfull subjects here with the most humble and zealous acknowledgments of their gracious Sovereign's stupendous goodness in persevering to protect their liberties and to secure and promote their Trade. As the eldest member of H.M. Councill etc., I shall endeavour to discharge so great a trust with the utmost care and fidelity etc. Signed, Wm. Sharpe. Endorsed, Recd. Dec. 15. Holograph. 3 pp. [C.O. 28, 38. No. 52.]
Sept. 19.
497. Col. Sharpe to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letters of May 30, and 31, etc. Repeats part of preceding. I have summoned the Councill, and shall appoint a proper and speedy Day of Thanksgiveing for the wonderfull successes of H.M. glorious arms etc., which have fill'd the hearts of H.M. subjects here with joy and gratitude. Signed, Wm. Sharpe. Endorsed, Recd. 17th, Read 18th Dec., 1706. Holograph. 2 pp. [C.O. 28, 9. No. 83; and 29, 10. pp. 370, 371.]
Sept. 20.
Boston, New England.
498. Mr. Paige to Mr. Popple. Gov. Dudley lately shewed me a complaint signed by John Colman and Gallop, wherein they reflect upon him as having received 50l. of me for the obtainment of the condemnation of a prize taken by the Charles galley, and 150l. more paid to the Judge of the Admiralty. I always thought the Governor highly deserved that present, from the owners of that privateer, I paid it myself, and never yet had one peny of Colman nor Gallop, as their parts of it, and if they had thought it amiss, they might have told me so, etc. We had our men out of the Province by the Governour's leave, and we made too much hast to get a Commission from Road Island, which Governor Dudley oftentimes told me he would grant as soon as the new Instructions came from H.M. for that end etc. I am sensible Col. Dudley is no gainer by this Government, and think it an honour to H.M. when I can offer him anything to buy a piece of wine etc. Signed, Nicho. Paige. Endorsed, Recd. Nov. 25, 1706, Read Feb. 28, 1706/7. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 864. No. 155.]
Sept. 22.
499. Governor Parke to the Council of Trade and Plantations. My last to your Lordships at large was by the packett of Aug. 28. I than gave you an acct. of the state of these Islands; and hope we shall be thought on and have those stores sent us we so much want; Our ffleet sailes to-morrow, all their convoy is the Medway prize, wch. a good privateer will take; I shall order the Swann (wch. is the only ship we have left to protect us) to see them off the Islands. I believe the Ministry forgetts this part of the Queen's Dominions; or they would not suffer us to be thus insulted by the Queen's enemys; the French have 5 men of warr (two of them of 60 odd gunns) at Martinique, the Swan is all wee have, and she (tho there is a very good man in her) is so dull a sayler and of so small fforce that I am affraid she will be taken every time she goes out; Mr. Secretary Hedges writ me word the Queen had ordered severall ships from Ireland wth. provissions for the inhabitants of St. Christophers and Nevis, I lett them know it, but as yett there are none arrived, God send the Prize Office has not prevented the Queen's good intentions. I here send your Lopps. the Collector of the Customs acctt. of the Imports and Exports. I allso send your Lordships two Acts for a provission for a House at this Island and St. Xphers, wch. I beg the favour that you will gett confirmed for me; I desire to sett your Lordships right as to the sums; I am to be paid but for the time I am at each Island; if I am six months at St. Xphers. I am paid for the six months, and the same at Antegua; the reason I desired it in both Islands is becaus Antegua is unhealthy during the raines that fall for six months, at wch. time I will live at St. Xphers, and shall vissit Neviss and Montserrat comeing and goeing; this is no more than Sir Wm. Matthews had, he had 800l. the year given him, and they paid it in sugar at 14s. per cwt. I have 1,000l. per annum paid in sugar at 20s. per cwt., and neither he nor I had by this means good 400l. the year English, for at this time tho' they take sugar at 20s. per cwt. in all bargins or in paying debts, yett any one for Bills of Exchange may buy it for 8s. per cwt., as for money there is none in all the Island, the Proclamation has carryed all out; and I dispair of ever seeing any brought in whilst the Proclamation is to last; I goe in the man of warr to Nevis where I designe to stay till I see what the French will do abt. the 1,400 negroes they expect from yt. unfortunate Island; If they come wth. a small fforce I will indeavour to beat them, and if the[y] come very strong I will indever to put them off wth. good words, and refer them to England, for they are not able to pay them; neither is it reasonable they shou'd, for the reasons I gave your Lordshipps in my last. By a Dane's slupe from St. Thomas's I have an acctt. that D'Bervill is dead, one of his great shipps split on a rock near Cuba, and that his squadron is returned to France, the Spaniard haveing refused to send their galloons under a French convoy; the Master of the slupe reports he was on board two French shipps bound home who gave him this acctt. Wee have had no rane in this Island for six months, before Sept. 18, water was sold as dear as good bear in London. Everything else is four times as dear as 'tis in England; when you were fixing the salleryes, this Government ought to have had the largest, for there is four times the trouble, and everything much dearer, there is but 150 leagues between this place and Barbados, and yett all goods are twice as dear; I can give no reason for it, but so it is. Signed, Daniel Parke. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 4th Dec., 1706. 4 pp. [C.O. 152, 6. No. 65; and 153, 9. pp. 411–417.]
Sept. 26.
500. Mr. Secretary Hedges to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Queen having been pleased to appoint Mr. Mitford Crowe to be Governour of Barbados in the room of Sir Bevill Granville recalled; it is H.M. pleasure that you cause a Commission and Instructions to be prepared for him. Signed, C. Hedges. Endorsed, Recd. Read Oct. 1, 1706. ¾ p. [C.O. 28, 9. No. 53; and 29, 10. p. 96.]
Sept. 26.
501. Mr. Secretary Hedges to Governor Dudley. Every post affords fresh matter upon which to congratulate with you; my last gave you an account of the wonderfull progresses of H.M. arms in Flanders, under the command of the Duke of Marlborough, who has since caused Aeth to be besieged and in all probability is in possession of it before this time; I am now to acquaint you with the signal victory the Duke of Savoy and Prince Eugene obtained over the united forces of the Duke of Orleans and La Fueillade near Turin, and the very seasonable relief of that Place, which the French have attempted twice in vain, having been before it this last time about 3½ months at the expense of 25,000 men of their best troops, which this siege and the battle that attended it have cost them, besides the loss of their horses, baggage, tents, ammunition and provisions. Their army consisted of about 45,000 men, the broken remains of which are retired into Dauphiné, leaving the Duke of Savoy at liberty to secure his Dominions, and prevent their returning into Piedmont, and Prince Eugene to reduce the Dutchy of Milan to the Catholick King's obedience, of which we hope to receive a good account by our next mailes from Holland. There wants nothing now but a continuation of good success in Spain, and that we have all imaginable reason to expect, to make the arms of H.M. and her Allys compleatly victorious on all sides. I must begg leave to referr you to the enclosed for the particulars of our good news.
An express from Sir John Leake, arrived to-day, gives an account that the Castle of Alicant is taken. A squadron for the West Indies is detached from the Fleet, and 'tis hoped they will be arrived before this comes to hand.
The like letter was sent to Governor Lord Cornbury, Governor Seymour, Governor Nott, and Governor Sir B. Granville.
The like letter was also sent to Governor Handasyd, with the following additions; The good accounts you give, Aug. 2 and 6, have been laid before H.M., who is very well satisfyed with your care and zeal in her service. P.S.—That part of your letter of Aug. 2, which relates to the recruits, is sent to Mr. St. John, and an extract of yours of Aug. 6, as far as it concerns the homeward bound West India fleet, is transmitted to the Admiralty.
The like letter as to Col. Dudley was sent to Governor Parke, with the following addition; I have received yours of July 15. I do not very well comprehend how you could have saved the Islands, tho you had had never so great a force with you, unless you had been there in time, but you say you were in a hurry and I hope in your next you will send me an account of what has been recommended to your care in any former letters. [C.O. 324, 30. pp. 108–110.]
Sept. 26.
502. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Sir B. Granville. Acknowledge letters of July 1 and 10. We are glad your apprehensions of the French are over, and we doubt not but the arrival of Commodore Kerr with the squadron under his command in your parts will prevent any further attempts of the French. We are in expectation to hear by your next that you are come to some good agreement with the Planters and Inhabitants on St. Vincents, and that they have disclaimed any subjection to the French; But we must observe to you that the Crown of England has always claimed a right to that Island, and does not allow the French to have any title thereunto, as you will perceive by that Island's being put under your Government in your Commission and Instructions; however we shall be glad to hear that the Inhabitants have thrown off their dependence on the French. The Act you sent us to supply the want of cash, etc., being of great importance to trade and property, we wish you had given us yours and the Councill's thoughts and opinions of it, and what opposition, if any, it met with when it passed the Assembly, and whether it was carried by any great majority; that so we may better know what the general sense of the Island is concerning it, these things would have been of use to us in our considering the same, and wch. indeed ought to be done upon all Acts of so great weight and momt. We desire you therefore would remember it for ye future. [C.O. 29, 10. pp. 94, 95.]
Sept. 26.
503. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Handasyd. Since ours of July 19, we have recieved yours of June 18, Aug. 2 and 6. We have laid before H.M. the Address (Aug. 2), as also what you write in relation to the want of recruits for your regiment, and to a squadron to meet your homeward bound fleet, and we have further sent what you write about Glover's letter, together with a copy of the said letter to a Secretary of State, and shall not fail to give you notice when any determination shall be had thereupon. We hope you will have prevailed with the Assembly to pass such an Act for quartering souldiers as we have oft recommended, that is, to allow them quarters and not mony in lieu thereof. P.S.—We take notice of your industry and forewardness in promoting the Spanish Trade, which will be looked upon here as a very good piece of service, and you are desired to give all possible encouragement to it for the future. [C.O. 138, 12. pp. 31, 32.]
Sept. 26.
504. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Parke. We are glad to find by your letter of July 5 that you are safely arrived. We hope by your prudent management of affairs you will be able to persuade the inhabitants to take care more for their defence than they have hitherto done, and by fortifying and strengthning places of natural advantage, secure to themselves a safe retreat in case of any sudden attempt from an enemy, or that shall be superior to them. We have laid what you write in relation to soldiers, ordnance stores, and to a man of war to attend the Leeward Islands, before H.M., and shall give you notice when we are informed of any determination had therein. We shall expect from you an account of all things relating to your Government, according to your Instructions, and also of the transactions of the French on Nevis and St. Christopher's, and how the first of those Islands came to be taken, especially seeing you hint that it was by Cowardize. We have received your letter from Barbados, but your letter from the Maderas never came to our hand. [C.O. 153, 9. pp. 398, 399.]
Sept. 29. 505. Petty expenses of the Board of Trade, June 25—Sept. 29, 25l. 3s. 6d. Stationer's Account, 21l. 6s. 6d. Postage, 7l. 15s. 2d. 4 pp. [C.O. 388, 76. Nos. 11, 13, 15.]