182. Governor Hunter's Answers to preceding Queries,
relating to New Jersey. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 555; and
N. J. Archives, 1st Ser. IV. 449. Endorsed, Recd. 11th Aug.
Read 6th Dec. 1720. 4½ pp. [C.O. 5, 971. No. 85].
183. Mr. Delafaye to the Council of Trade and Plantations.
Transmits enclosed for their consideration. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Endorsed, Recd. 12th. Read 18th Aug., 1720. 1 p.
183. i. Extract of letter from my Lord Ambassador Sutton.
Paris, 15th Aug. 1720. Encloses following. Concludes: In the manner it is couched, without any
apparent regard to the Treaty of 1686, it may become
very pernicious to our Navigation in the West Indies,
and consequently seems to deserve to be considered.
183. ii. A regulation by the French King, 23rd July (N.S.)
1720, relating to the Trade of foreigners with the French
Colonies in America. (1) All vessels engaged in
foreign trade with the French Colonies are to be seized
and tried etc. Copy. French. 3¾ pp. [C.O. 323,
8. Nos. 13, 13 i., ii.]|
184. Mr. Popple to Mr. Pulteney. The Council of Trade
and Plantations having observed in the Daily Courant of the
6th of this month a regulation said to be published at Paris
concerning the commerce of foreigners in the French Colonies,
and two ordinances of 1681 and 1698 being referred to therein,
they desire you will procure them copies etc. (v. Aug. 23).
[C.O. 324, 10. pp. 288, 289.]
185. Order of the Lords Justices in Council. Their Excellencys in Councill this day taking into consideration the great
importance of the Province of Carolina, both with regard to
its own product, and as it is a frontier to H.M. Provinces in the
Continent of America, and the eminent danger of its being lost
in this criticall juncture by the confused state of its present
Government, are pleased to order and it is hereby ordered,
that the Governmt. of the said Province be forthwith taken
provisionally into the hands of the Crown, and that the Lords
Commissioners of Trade and Plantations do prepare a Commission and Instructions for a Governor to be appointed by His
Majesty, and that they likewise propose to their Excellencys
what they judge further necessary to be done for the safety of
the said Province. Signed, Temple Stanyan. Endorsed, Recd.
12th. Read 15th Aug., 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 358. ff. 1, 2v.]
186. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices.
In obedience to Order in Council, 19th May last, enclose following
for their approbation. Annexed,
186. i. Additional Instructions by the Lords Justices to
Governors of Plantations (Col. Shute, Mr. Burnet,
Earl of Orkney, Sir Nich. Laws, Genl. Hamilton, Saml.
Cox, Col. Bennet). Whitehal, Sept. 17, 1720. Whereas
Acts have been pass'd in some of H.M. Plantations
in America for striking bills of credit and issuing out
the same in lieu of mony, in order to discharge their
publick debts, and for other purposes, from whence
several inconveniencies have arose. It is therefore
H.M. will and pleasure that for the future you do not
give your assent to or pass any act in H.M. — under
your Government, whereby bills of credit may be
struck or issued in lieu of mony or for paymt. of mony
either to you the Governor or to the Commander in
Chief, or to any of the members of H.M. Council or
of the Assembly of the said—of— or
to any other person whatsoever, without a clause be
inserted in such Act declaring that the same shall not
take effect till the said Act shall have been approved
and confirmed by H.M., excepting Acts for raising
and settling a publick Revenue for defraying the
necessary charge of the Governmt. of the said—of— according to the Instructions already
given you. [C.O. 324, 10. pp. 286–288; and 324,
34. pp. 13–15.]|
187. Brigadier Hunter to Mr. Popple. Encloses following.
Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, Recd. 11th Aug., Read 6th
Dec., 1720. Holograph. 1 p. Enclosed,
187. i., ii. Brigadier Hunter's Replies to Queries, 10th
Aug., relating to New York. The most important
are: —(v) Trade, shipping and mariners are considerably increased. Exports chiefly furs, tar and
pitch, whale oil and bones for England; flour,
pork and other provisions to the Southern
Islands; horses to Surinam, Curaçoa and St. Thomas.
Returns from latter in gold and silver, so far as
avowed. (vii) The methods to prevent illegal trade
are seizures and confiscations upon discovery, but the
officers being frighted with appeals to the Admiralty
here, under which they have been great sufferers, I
doubt will not be so exact in the future. (viii)
Produce of the country is corn, flour, tar, whale oil,
pork. No sort of manufacture that deserves mention.
(xii) Inhabitants increase daily, chiefly from New
England, and of late from the North of Ireland.
(xiii) Militia, about 6000. (xv) Five Nations very
well inclined, but number only about 2000, besides
the River Indians who are under their command.
(xiii) The neigbouring Indians are more numerous
but less considerable than ours. (xviii) The effect
of the French settlements upon the Plantations is a
general dread of the consequences, but no other effect
as yet etc. The whole Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 555;
N.J. Archives, 1st Ser. IV. 449. 4 pp. [C.O. 5,
1052. ff. 85, 86–87v., 88v.]|
188. Col. Schuyler to the Council of Trade and Plantations.
Abstract. Is embarking for Albany to meet the Sachims of the
Five Nations there on the 16th and renew the Covenant with
them, the Council agreeing that this is necessary, in order to
steady them in H.M. interest and if possible to induce them to
remove the encroachments of the French. Is taking with him
such presents as the Council judged proper, and will write to
the Governor of Canada after he has treated with the Indians,
when he hopes to be able to do so in more pressing terms. The
Province is perfectly tranquil. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 558.
Signed, Pr. Schuyler. Endorsed, Recd. 28th Sept., 1720. Read
18th Jan., 1720/1. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1052. ff. 127, 127v., 128v.]
189. Mr. Frere to the Council of Trade and Plantations.
Having on the 2nd of this instant recieved by the hands of
Mr. Samll. Cox, a letter from the Right Honble. Mr. Secretary
Craggs etc (v. 11th June), I thought it my duty to consider and
answer the same in Council, but only four Members attending
that day, and the rest (some of whom were very ill) having sent
their excuses, I adjourned the Council by the advice of the
attending Members to Fryday following being the 5th instant,
and ordered letters to issue to the absent Members to require
their attendance that day; The whole Councill accordingly
mett on the 5 instant, and in the presence of Mr. Cox I lay'd
the said letter before them, and demanded their advice and
opinions upon it. Encloses copies of proceedings. I perswade
myself that what has been done in this affair is agreeable to the
Instructions given Mr. Lowther by H.M. Commission, which I
take it to be my duty, as I am intrusted with the administration of the Government, to observe. Signed, Jno. Frere.
Endorsed, Recd. 7th Oct., 1720. Read 18th May, 1721. 1 p.
[C.O. 28, 17. ff. 89, 90v.]
Custome House, Boston in N. England.
190. John Jekyll, Collector, to the Council of Trade and
Plantations. Reply to their enquiry through H.M. Commissioners
of Customs, Oct. 30th, as to the progress of woollen and linnen
manufactures in New England, and how the same are encouraged. As for ye woollens ye country in general make it
for their own use and weave it commonly themselves. There
are some fulling mills, and not farr from this place they make
very good druggetts, camblets and serges which are sold daily
to ye shops in this town, and wore by ye meanest sort of people,
as for ye tradsmen and mechanical part they are very ambitious
of appearing above themselves and will not be seen in anything
beneath ye merchant or more substantial wch. is in ye produce
of Europe. As for ye linnen manufacture ye Peasantry wear
wt. they call homespun which is made of cotten and linnen tho'
wee have had lately some hundreds of Irish families setled at
ye Eastward wch. make as good linnens and diapers as in
Ireland itself. Now as for ye encouragment thereto your
Lordships well know this is a Charter Governmt. and except
H.E. our Governor everyman of the Councill (who are ellected
by ye People) are New England men and as far as I can guess
have their dear Idol ye Charter much at heart and a great love
for independency in genrl. etc. Signed, John Jekyll. Endorsed, Recd. 23rd Sept., 1720. Read 5th July, 1722. 1¾ pp.
[C.O. 5, 868. ff. 278, 278v, 279v.]
191. Mr. Popple to Brigadier Hunter. Desires him to attend
the Board upon Mr. Walpole's Memorial 28th June, and to give
them the best light he can into the course of receipts and payments of the public money in New York and the method of
auditing their accounts. [C.O. 5, 1124. pp. 234, 235; and
(corrected draft) 5, 1079. No. 118].
192. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices.
In obedience to your Excellency's Order the 11th instant, we
have prepared the draught of a Commission etc., wherein we
have followed as near as might be the copy of a Commission
formerly granted by his late Majesty King William the 3rd of
ever glorious memory to Col. Copley for the Province of Maryland when it was thought necessary for the service of the Crown
to resume the Government of that Province from the Proprietors.
We shall likewise take care, in obedience to your Excellencies
Orders to prepare a draught of proper Instructions etc., wherewith we shall likewise offer to your Excellencies, what we
conceive further necessary to be done for the safety of the said
Province; But that no time might be lost in so important an
affair, we thought it our duty to lay the inclos'd draught of a
Commission before your Excellencies by the first opportunity.
We think it necessary upon this occasion, to inform your
Excellencies, that altho' Carolina was originally granted intire
to the Lords Proprietors and their boundaries afterwards
inlarged, as we have been inform'd, by a subsequent
Charter, whereby a part of the land formerly reputed Virginia
was added to the former grant, yet they found it convenient
to divide the same into distinct Provinces, by the names of
North and South Carolina, which have had different Govrs.
Assemblies and Courts of Justice, But we have been inform'd
that the Governor of South Carolina has sometimes been likewise Governor of North Carolina and vested with a power of
appointing a Deputy there. The draught of the Commissn.
which we have prepar'd, is for Carolina in general, and we submit
it to your Excellencies, whether the person to be appointed
Governor by H.M. shou'd be impower'd by his Instructions to
nominate a Lieut. or Deputy Governor for North Carolina, or
whether such Lieut. Governor shou'd not rather be appointed
immediately by H.M., as is practis'd in the Leeward Islands,
where each Island has a Lieut. Govr. with a distinct Council
and Assembly; all of them nevertheless subject to such orders
as they shall receive from a Captain General of the said Islands.
192. i. H.M. Commission for the Governor of Carolina.
With marginal notes of subsequent amendments. Afterwards filled in for Francis Nicholson Esq., to be Governor
of South Carolina. The preamble runs as follows:
Whereas by great miscarriages and neglects in the
Governmt. of our Province and Territory of South
Carolina in America, the same is fall'n into such
disorder and confusion, yt the publick peace and
administration of Justice (whereby the properties
of our subjects shou'd be preserv'd there) is broken
and violated and the said Province become wholly void
of defence against any foreign enemy, or even against
the incursions of the barbarous Indians, whereby the
Southern frontier to our Plantations on the Continent
of America, and one of the most fruitfull of our
Colonies, is in great danger of being depopulated, and
the trade and advantages thereof forever lost from
the Crown of Great Britain. And whereas Our said
Province of South Carolina and our [good] subjects
the inhabitants thereof, cannot be defended and secur'd
by any other means, than by our taking provisionally
the Government into Our own hands and immediate
care; We therefore reposing especial trust and confidence in the prudence, courage, and loyalty of you
the said Francis Nicholson etc, appoint you our Capt.
General and Governor in Chief in and over our Province
of South Carolina etc. Words in italics were subsequently inserted and word in brackets omitted. The
Commission proper follows. [C.O. 5, 400. pp. 1–26.]|
193. Letter of Attorney from several Palatines at New
York empowering John Conrad Weiser, William Schef and
Gerard Walract to represent their grievances to the King.
Signed in the autumn of 1719. Endorsed, Recd. (from Mr.
Long), 16th Aug. 1720. Copy. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 1052. ff. 77,
194. The humble petition of the inhabitants of the settlement of South Carolina now under arms to the King, sheweth
that your petitioners for the preservation of this Colony and
your Majesty's subjects here setled found themselves under an
absolute necessity to elect the Honble. James Moore Esq. to
be Governour of this settlement on behalf of your Majesty,
since which we have been again alarum'd with an intended
invasion of the Spaniards from the Havanah and by a scoutboat lately arriv'd we are informed that the Spanish fleet is now
actually at St. Augustine from whence we hourly expect to
be attack'd both by sea and land. That your petitioners have
putt themselves into the best posture of defence they could
but they have so long laboured under an heavy Indian war
perpetual alarms both from our sd. enemy and Indians and
pyrates that they are now reduced to the lowest ebb of fortune
and cannot expect to be able to subsist or any time longer to
defend this settlemt. unless we are imediately taken into yor.
Majesties royall protection and assistance. Wherefore yor.
petitioners in the most humble manner supplicate yor. Royall
Majesty as our Representatives have already done to receive
this settlemt. into yor. most gracious favour and imediate
protection and suffer us no longer to be under the authority
of any Lords Proprietors whose indigency or neglect hath hitherto
been the chief occasion of all the miserable calamities we now
labour under. Signed by 238 of the inhabitants. Endorsed,
Recd. from Mr. Boon, Read 16th Augt., 1720. Copy. 1 p.
[C.O. 5, 358. ff. 3 and 10v.]
195. An Act for supporting the present Government under
the administracon of the Honble. James Moore Esq. or any
succeeding Governor (of South Carolina). Whereas by reason of
the ill Governmt. and male administracon of the proprietors
of this settlement and their officers more at large set forth in
the general representacon of the grievances of the inhabitants
etc. (v. Feb. supra), and by reason of the inability and incapacity
of the said Proprietors to protect or defend this Collony from
the continuall massacres and insults of our enemy Indians or
the invasion of foreign enemies they the said inhabitants have
been driven to so great extremities that no ordinary meanes
could be were or can be sufficient to extricate themselves from
the evills aforesaid. Wherefore the said inhabitants taking
into their consideracon their calumitous circumstances and for
the preservation of their lives and estates according to the
supreme Law of Nature and the duty they owe under the said
Soveraigne Lord the King to prevent the desertions of the
people and to save so noble a Collony from falling in to the hands
of H.M. enemies did with one heart and voice renounce the said
proprietors and every of them their heires and successors and
did unanimously elect the Honble. James Moore Esqr. to be
Governor of this Settlement for and on H.M. behalfe. And
whereas the said James Moore as Governor, and for the due and
regular Governmt. of the said Settlemt. and the preservation
of H.M. peace and the better to oppose and withstand our said
enemies did constitute and appoint divers officers both civil
and military untill H.M. pleasure should be known in this
behalfe, we therefore humbly pray his most sacred Majestye
that it may be enacted and be it therefore enacted by the said
Honble, James Moore Esqr. Governor for and in H.M. name
and by and with the advice and consent of the Representatives
of the said inhabitants of the said Settlemt. now mett at
Charles Town that as well he the said James Moore Govr. as
also all persons acting in this present Generall Assembly and
other officers and ministers civill and military whatsoever created
or to be created by him the said James Moor and acting under
his authority or made created or continued by a General Convention of the said inhabitants or made created or continued
by the present Generall Assembly or by the now common House
of Assembly by force or virtue of any law or custom of this
Province at any time in forme before the said late revolution
of the Settlement bee and are hereby confirmed in their respective
offices untill H.M. or the Governor shall see fitt to remove
them etc. All acts by the said Convention Governor or Assembly
or any officer under them hereby declared good and valid etc.
unless H.M. or the Parliament of Great Britain or the General
Assembly of this Settlement shall repeal the same etc., and all
parties concerned in the late Revolution or in the said Governmt.
of affaires are hereby justified and indemnified. All actions
brought against such officers on account of the premisses etc.
shall be deemed null and void etc. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 358. ff.
196. Mr. Popple to Rev. Mr. Gordon. Asks for information
in writing of the trade carried on between New England and
any foreign Plantations, particularly to the French and Dutch
settlements in horses; and what returns they receive for them,
and what is the consequence of such trade. [C.O. 5, 915. p. 315.]
197. Mr. Gordon to Mr. Popple. Reply to preceding. The
Dutch Sugar Colony of Surinam lyes so low, and is so woody
that they don't build any windmills there for want of wind, and
(except upon the banks of their river, where they have watermills) all their sugar is made with mills turn'd round with
horses, of which they do not breed any themselves, but are
altogether supply'd from New England and Rhode Island in
English bottoms which carry thither salt fish also, and hogshead
staves, and for returns export chiefly molasses, which the Dutch
sell much cheaper than the English can afford it, and with that
molasses they make rum, with which the Colonys about New
England are above half supply'd. I have also known several
vessels come from Surinam to Barbados with hard timber and
molasses, which they have sold, even there, to good profit.
From New England and Rhode Island they carry horses,
boards, staves, fish and all sorts of deal timber to Martinique,
Guardaloop, French Hispaniola and Cheyanne, a flourishing
French Colony etc. From all these places they have great
quantitys of sugar and molasses; and, from Martinique, all
their cocoa and indigo. From New York the French colonys
are chiefly supply'd with flower, bacon, and some horses, in
return for which they export great quantitys of sugar and cocoa,
and ship it directly to Holland. In my humble opinion this
trade tends to the encrease and improvements of foreign sugar
Colonys, and the decrease of our own, and is, at present, very
prejudicial to H.M. Revenue; for, without this trade, the sugar,
rum and molasses consumed in the Northern Colonys would be
exported from the English sugar Colonys, and pay H.M. not
only a duty of 4½ p.c., but also the enumerated duty as we call
it, for all sugars exported to our Colonys. The quantity of
sugars imported to our Colonys from the French and Dutch
is so great that they send a great deal of it even to England
as the produce of our own Colonys; by which means H.M. is
not only defrauded of the double duty, but also of the enumerated duty supposed to have been paid upon their first exportation from the Colony where they were made. If a moderate
duty were laid upon the produce of all foreign Colonys when
imported into English Colonys; and if it were made equally
penal to export the produce of any foreign Colonys after they
are once imported to an English Colony, to any place but Great
Britain, as it is to export their own produce, such a Law would,
in a great measure, prevent many of the frauds, and very much
improve the Revenue. Mr. Worsam etc., when about 4 years
agoe he liv'd at New York, sent over to Barbados a calculate of
the French sugar imported there, the very 4½ p.c. duty of which
amounted I think to above £1500 per ann. etc. Signed, W.
Gordon. Endorsed, Recd. 17th, Read 18th Augt., 1720.
3 pp. [C.O. 5, 867. No. 73.]
198. Mr. Tilson to Mr. Popple. When Mr. West was
appointed etc. (v. 6th May), it was intended that the standing
fee of £100 guineas pr. annum apeice to the Attorney and
Sollicitor General and 10 guineas pr. annum to each of their
Clerks should cease, and that the Board of Trade should (as
often as they might have occasion to apply for the opinion of
either of them) give the ususal fee for such their opinion, and bring
the expence thereof into the Contingent bill of their Office.
The Lords Commrs. of H.M. Treasury desire that their
Lordships may take their measures accordingly etc. Signed,
Chris. Tilson. Endorsed, Recd. 25th, Read 26th Aug. 1720.
Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 388, 77. No. 84; and 389, 37. pp.
199. Mr. Delafaye to the Council of Trade and Plantations.
Upon your representation of 16th inst. etc., the Lords Justices
direct that you give all possible dispatch to the report you are
to lay before them of what is further necessary to be done for
the safety of Carolina, etc. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Endorsed,
Recd. Read 19th Aug., 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 358. ff. 11,
Boston, N. England.
200. Governor Shute to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following. I shall by the next ship send an
account of the stores of New Hampshire. Since I sent an
answer to the Query relating to the manufactures of this country
I have been informed that there are some camblets and druggets
made in the country and sent to some of the shops in Boston,
but I don't observe that they are worn by any but the ordinary
people. I hope I shall quickly receive some answer relating
to the affair of the Speaker mentioned 1st June etc. For tho'
in the next Assembly they chose another Speaker, I find they
still persist in the opinion that the King's Govr. has no negative
upon the Speaker. Capt. Carey who left London 29th May was
taken by a pirate ship of 26 guns and a sloop of 10 near the banks
of Newfoundland who took and destroyed so much of his cargo
as amounts to about £8000 sterling; and also reports that
they had fallen upon and destroy'd the fishery of Newfoundland.
Signed, Samll. Shute. Endorsed, Recd. 27th Sept. 1720,
Read 7th March, 1720/21. 2 pp. Enclosed,
200. i, ii. Accounts of the stores of war expended and remaining at H.M. Castle William, Boston, June 24th,
1720. Signed, Zec. Tuthill, Lt. Endorsed as preceding. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 5–6, 7v.–9 (with
201. Mr. Secretary Craggs to the Council of Trade and
Plantations. Enclosed I transmit a Memorial setting forth
the reasons why a Comptroller should be appointed over the
King's Woods in New England, and as H.M. is inclined to confer
that place on the present Governour there if it be found proper
to erect such an office, you are to report your opinion thereon
etc. Signed, J. Craggs. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Augt., Read
1st Sept., 1720. 1 p. Enclosed,
201. i. Memorial to the King. Proposing the appointment
of the Governor of New England as Comptroller of
H.M. Woods. No date or signature. 2¼ pp. [C.O.
5, 867. Nos. 74, 74. i.]|
Salem in N. England.
202. Charles Blechynden to the Council of Trade and
Plantations. Reply to queries as to woollen and linnen manufactures. Duplicate of 16th Aug. Signed, Chas. Blechynden.
Endorsed, Recd. 23rd Sept., 1720., Read 5th July, 1722.
1¼ pp. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 280, 280v., 281v.]