America and West Indies: November 1738, 1-15

Pages 231-241

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 44, 1738. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1969.

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November 1738, 1-15

November 1.
490 Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Alured Popple. We congratulate you on your arrival and wish you all imaginable happiness. We have sent the three Acts you transmitted to us to Mr. Fane for his opinion. We have had Mr. Dinwiddie's proposal under consideration but have not yet come to any resolution upon it. We have represented to H.M. in favour of the three persons recommended by you to be of the council, and we expect you will soon send us a list of proper persons to supply vacancies. You may depend on the continuation of our countenance and assistance as long as you discharge your duty. We expect once in six months a list of such councillors as are either dead or absent, particularly specifying with regard to the last from whom and for how long they have their licence. Entry. Signatories, Monson, M. Bladen, R. Plumer. 3 pp. [C.O. 38, 8, pp. 299–301.]
November 2.
491 Same to Duke of Newcastle transmitting the following. Signed, Monson, M. Bladen, R. Plumer. 1 p. Enclosed,
491. i. Extract of letter from Lieut.-Governor Clarke to Council of Trade and Plantations, 16 September 1738, relating to French designs. [See No. 445] 1½ pp. Endorsed, Copy sent to E. Waldegrave, 13 November 1738.
491. ii. Commissioners of Indian Affairs to Lieut.-Governor Clarke, Albany, 30 August 1738, relating to French designs. Copy, of No. 445. i. 2 pp. Endorsed, as No. i. [C.O. 5, 1086, fos. 134–140d; entry of covering letter in C.O. 5, 1126, fo. 37.]
November 2.
492 Same to Governor Lewis Morris. We have received your letter of 11 September and congratulate you on the post H.M. has honoured you with. We send you a list of such queries as are constantly sent to other governors in America and desire you would once a year let us have your answers to them. We shall expect that once in six months you send a list of such members of the council as are dead or absent, specifying with regard to the last from whom and for how long they have their licence. Entry. Signatories, Monson, M. Bladen, R. Plumer. 2 pp. Enclosed,
492. i. Queries to Governor Morris concerning situation, trade, population etc. of New Jersey. Entry. 5 pp. [C.O. 5, 997, pp. 1–8.]
November 2.
493 Governor Edward Trelawny to Duke of Newcastle, enclosing copy of proceedings of a court-martial held at the request of Lieut. Campbell to examine in to a complaint lodged by him against his commanding officer, Lieut. Greenhill. You will see that, instead of supporting what he alleged, Campbell brought his own conduct into such a light that the court-martial deemed him guilty of actions for which he deserved to be cashiered, and they accordingly gave sentence that he should be cashiered. But the order for holding courts-martial in this island bearing date 2 August 1734 having the following words: "But when any commission officer shall be guilty of such crimes or misbehave so as to be deserved to be dismissed our service and he receive sentence for the same, that the execution of the said sentence be suspended until the same be reported to us and we give directions thereupon", I therefore beg you will lay the case before H.M. and acquaint me with his royal pleasure. In the meantime Mr. Campbell is suspended. Signed. 2 pp. Enclosed,
493. i. Copy of proceedings of court-martial held at Spanish Town in Jamaica, 30 August 1738, on a dispute between Lieut. John Greenhill commanding the late Capt. Harris's company, and Lieut. John Campbell of the said company. The court comprised Capt. William Newton, president, Capt. James Draper, Lieuts. George Concannen, Francis Sadler, John Baillie. The court found that the allegations made against Greenhill were trifling and frivolous; that Campbell had been guilty of breach of orders, desertion and breaking arrest, besides cruelly treating several men under his command; and that Campbell should be cashiered. 3½ pp. [C.O. 137, 56, fos. 143–147d.]
November 4.
494 President James Dottin to Duke of Newcastle. Two days ago and not sooner I received your letter of 21 November last, notifying the death of the queen. Permit me to represent again the very bad and defenceless condition the fortifications of this island are in, occasioned by die inhabitants not being able to pay a levy for their repairs. And as our numerous neighbours the French have now proceeded very far in their settlements on St. Lucia and the other islands that were to have been evacuated and which, as I formerly observed, cannot more effectually be carried into execution than by strict orders being sent to the commanders of the ships of war stationed at this and the Leeward Islands to destroy those settlements, so should a rupture happen between us and the French I doubt they would find it no difficult matter to land a great number of men on this island, they being well acquainted with all our bays and landing ports. And as this place is of late much depopulated and many large estates broken up and destroyed and numbers of the planters continue greatly in debt and have little of their own to lose, I believe the resistance the enemy would meet with would not be so warm and vigorous as I could wish, especially too as there would be a very great want of small arms and other stores necessary on such occasions which we are not able at present to purchase and procure for ourselves. So if you think this island, as being the windwardmost and a key to the rest, worth preserving and keeping, or that it will be disadvantageous to the nation to have it ransacked or stripped, I hope that you (when such a rupture is like to ensue) will interpose to procure a proper guard of ships of war to be stationed here, some to be continually out cruising on the coast to secure the trade while others are in the harbour to prevent an invasion and in aid of our ruinous fortifications, to put which in better order I will always use my best endeavours; and if I could see that effected and we were able to purchase such stores and arms as are necessary I will be bold to say, notwithstanding our neighbours are more numerous and have been greatly encouraged in their trade and settlements whilst we have laboured under many disadvantages, the attacks and resistance we shall then be able to make will show that we are descendants of a nation much renowned for courage, loyalty and good conduct, and that we are not unworthy of our sovereign's favour and protection. Signed, 2 pp. [C.O. 28, 45, fos. 407–408d.]
November 4.
495 Same to Council of Trade and Plantations, acknowledging receipt of letter of 2 August. I hope you have since received minutes of council from 5 July 1737 and journals of assembly from 28 June 1737. But those from April 1734 to September 1735 I suppose were not sent, as their present clerk did not know but they had been transmitted by his predecessor. However, as they were missing I have directed him and the Naval Officer to make out what you mention, which I shall not fail transmitting as soon as they come to my hands. It gives me no small pleasure to have the steps I took with respect to the evacuating St. Lucia and the other islands commended by you, and I wish my endeavour had proved effectual to put a stop to the settlements that were there carrying on; which I am informed are rather now much increased, and will very easily be fully completed if there should be the least notion of a rupture between the two crowns. And then I fear the English nation will too late be convinced that it was a mistaken policy to suffer the French to evade the orders settled between the two crowns for evacuating those islands, and as their court winked at their disobedience proper orders might have been given to have forced them thence. [Continues in almost the same words as No. 494.] The members of council now on the island besides myself are Ralph Weekes, John Frere, Thomas Maxwell, Thomas Applewhaite, John Gollop, Abel Dottin, Thomas Harrison, and John Maycock; and absent, John Colleton and Charles Dunbar, and also Richard Salter who had my licence to be absent for twelve months from 8 May last, before which expires, as I am told he does not intend so soon to return, I presume he will obtain your further indulgence. Signed, 2 pp. Endorsed, Recd. 3 January, Read 10 January 1738/9. [C.O. 28, 25, fos. 77– 78d.]
November 6. 496 Francis Fane to Council of Trade and Plantations. I have no objection in point of law to the three Acts passed in Bermuda in 1738 for a duty on whale-fishery, for an addition to the governor's salary, and for paying 100l. yearly to the governor. Signed. 1 p. Endorsed, Recd. 4 November, Read 14 December 1738. [C.O. 37, 13, fos. 66, 66d., 69, 69d.]
November 6.
497 Governor Edward Trelawny to Duke of Newcastle, enclosing copy of letter to governor of Havana in relation to the capture of two vessels and the detention of two others. If I have written in a civiler strain than I ought upon such a subject, I did it because in talking with Mr. Brown, the commodore here, he told me he did not think himself justified in giving orders to the captains under his command to take any guardacostas that they should meet with and bring them into Port Royal, but only such as are seen or known actually to have made depredations upon H.M.'s subjects or are lurking about evidently to make them; and with these restrictions it is improbable that any guardacostas should be taken, for they commit these practices out of sight of our men-of-war when they find a merchantman by himself. The Drake sloop that conveys my letter and likewise one from the commodore to Havana is inferior in force, as I am informed, to some of the guardacostas, to that particularly that has done the most mischief. So I thought it better not to talk big without being able to back it by force. If these depredations are not put an end to this island must lose its trade and be rendered useless to Great Britain; and the Spaniards find such sweets in them that it is not probable they will leave off until forced to it. If the guardacostas were brought in here as often as met with till such time as they leave off these practices, in order to be examined and receive their trial if upon examination there should be a reason for it, it would undoubtedly very much curb them though we should let them go again upon proof of their innocence. Nor could they with any justice I think complain of being so brought in: while the depredations continue every guardacostas may justly be suspected as guilty of them. The Union sloop, Henry Bennet master, which is one of the two that were carried into Havana and which I have claimed in my letter to the governor, was undoubtedly bound on an illicit trade. But as she was taken on the fourth day after her departure from this island and several merchants have set forth in their petition to me that she had neither anchored or broke bulk or any ways violated the treaties subsisting between the two crowns nor had been nearer the Spanish coast than five leagues, I thought it would be right to demand her, being aware of the ill consequences that would attend the allowing the Spaniards to seize the ships of H.M.'s subjects and condemn them for intentions only. They are so easily alleged and made out to the satisfaction of willing judges that if it is once allowed there can never be wanting a pretence to seize and condemn all the British ships they can master. I enclose a list of the Spanish ships of war in these parts according to the best information I could get from the South Sea factors, who I desired to inform themselves as well as they could of that matter. Signed. 3½ pp. Endorsed, Recd. 18 January; extract sent to Mr. Keene, 26 January 1738/9. Enclosed,
497. i. Governor Trelawny to Governor of Havana; Jamaica, 27 October 1738. In reply to your letter of 8 July I am forced to give credit to information I have received that the Sarah of Bristol, Jason Vaughan master, bound to that city from this island, and the sloop Union of this island, Bennet master, both belonging to British subjects, have lately been taken by Spanish vessels and carried into Havana; and also that a sloop belonging to this island and hired by the South Sea factors here to carry negroes to Havana and a South Sea snow named the Loyal Betty, George Waine master, bound for England, are by your orders detained in that harbour. I hope you will give orders that the vessels may be returned and reparation made for damages. I have no knowledge of violence or insult committed on any Spaniard in this island. As to the illicit commerce between Bahama and Trinidad, the universal testimony of the people here is that no Jamaican sloop is ever engaged in it. Vessels of the Bahamas are not accountable to me. As proof of my disposition to do justice, the La Nuestra Senora del Rosario alias La Venus, Bernardo de Espinosa commander, was brought in here on suspicion of having committed depredations; there being no due proof I gave orders that she might depart. Copy. 4¼ pp. Endorsed, copy sent to Mr. Keene, 26 January 1738/9.
497. ii. List of Spanish men-of-war in the West Indies, 6 September 1738.Barlovento squadron: San Juan, 40 guns; Buen Retiro, 64 guns; a snow, 14 guns and14 swivel guns. At Carthagena: Conquistador, admiral, 70 guns. At Havana: 2 ships, 60 guns; 1 ready to be launched, 50 guns; 1 guardacostas, 24 guns; 1 ditto, 22 guns. Passed by Baracoa for Havana about 24 July: 4 ships of the line of about 60 guns; 2 frigates, 40 guns. At Vera Cruz: Grand Leon, 70 guns; Grand Franco, 60 guns. Total: 11 ships of the line of battle, 3 frigates, 3 guardacostas. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 56, fos. 148–155d.]
November 6.
Chatham in
Lisbon River.
498 Captain Philip Vanbrugh to Council of Trade and Plantations. On my arrival I found the garrison of Placentia as to officers and soldiers in good order and properly clothed and armed, but the fort in a wretched, defenceless condition, the lodgings for officers and men very indifferent and by no means fitted against the severe cold of the winter season. The lieut.governor has not any apartment in the fort but is under the necessity of hiring a house in the town. The harbour of St. John's, the chief and by far the most frequented in the island, has no defence at all; a couple of small vessels might go in and destroy all the fishing works without difficulty.
You will see by the enclosed inventory the state of the ordnance stores as also that of the fishery by the general scheme and answers to the several heads of enquiry, wherein you may observe that I have altered the course of the scheme, beginning with Placentia, so proceeding eastward and northward to Twilingate and Fogo which two places are now added to the scheme. I have endeavoured to inform myself by the best intelligence of the state of the trade in general, and by what I can learn the whole is regularly carried on without any material disorders or obstructions between the fishing ships, byboat keepers and inhabitants. The salmon fishery is carried on in the like good order and thrives. The most material and universal complaints are against the great numbers of Irish Roman Catholics yearly brought into Newfoundland and remain the winter season to the very great prejudice of H.M.'s Protestant subjects who dread the consequences that may attend them in case of a war and beg their case may be laid before you that a method may be found to prevent such embarkations in Ireland.
Capt. Medley of the Romney carries home two pirates who ran away with a sloop from Bonavista, one of the Cape de Verdes, and were seized in a shallop at Newfoundland, having sunk the sloop. Signed, 2¼ pp. Endorsed, Recd. 30 November, Read 6 December 1738. Enclosed,
498. i. Answers to articles in H.M.'s instructions to Governor Vanbrugh. Dated as covering letter. (1)–(14) Complied with to the best of my power but cannot pretend to take any draughts of the coast, harbours etc. without a person properly qualified and a small vessel to attend that service. (15) The fishery regulated pursuant to the Act. (16) No ballast nor press-stones suffered to be thrown overboard. But the harbour of Bonavist is very much damaged by what has been formerly done, which however may be cleared if thought necessary. (17) Stages are seldom destroyed but left standing for the next employer. (18) A sufficient proportion of beach and flakeroom for boats employed by fishing ships is settled by the admirals in the several ports and harbours. (19) All relinquished and settled. (20) and (21) In the negative. (22) The byboat keepers generally bring certificates from the Custom house of their qualification, pursuant to the Act, but the admirals make no report on their return home. (23) Generally complied with. (24) In the negative. (25) Trees are only rinded for the covering of houses, stages etc. necessary and useful for the fishery. (26)–(28) In the affirmative. (29) Not so strictly observed as it should be. The constables are appointed to prevent the selling strong liquors and to see that good orders are kept especially on that day. (30) The French have fishing ships (as I am informed) of 300 tons in the north part but all go home when the season is over. (31) Answered by the general scheme.
(32) This island not producing any quantity of grain their subsistence depends upon provisions imported from England, Ireland and the American Plantations. They improve no land but what serves for gardens and pasturage. The cattle are all brought from New England annually, from 40 to 60 head cows and oxen, 6–800 sheep, 100–200 swine, the greatest part whereof are made use of in the summer season, and what now remains of former stocks and this season's import is computed to be near 300 head cows and oxen, 600 sheep and 300 swine. (33) No tackle or manufactures for use and wear but what comes directly from England except at some places to the northward where, I am informed, ships from Jersey do steal on shore some prohibited goods. (34) To boatmasters and lowest servants; from 20 to 7l. sterling; and paid by bills of exchange, train-oil or fish. (35) A boat (all charges included) the season 150l. sterling. (36) During the summer season the servants are altogether employed in catching, curing and husbanding their fish and seem to be very diligent. There are six men employed in each boat, and sell at the same prices as the fishing ships and byboat keepers. (37) After the fishing season is over they are employed in providing necessary fuel for the winter, in sawing boards, building boats, making oars and hoops necessary for the ensuing summer's fishery as well as cutting and bringing timber out of the woods for the building and repairing stages, flakes and fishermen's houses. (38) No furring trade carried on but by the inhabitants, who have no commerce or traffic with the Indians. (39) The houses are built near the waterside convenient for their business. (40) The inhabitants claim a right to the rooms cleared and built by themselves and not occupied by ships since 1685, and what they do not use themselves they let out to hire. (41) At Placentia all their fish is cured on beach, but in all other harbours mostly on flakes. (42) The fishing ships' rooms have been often determined, but the admirals having never left any records of their determination is the occasion of some disputes; but now in a fair way to be settled. (43) Mostly from England and the rest from America. (44) None admitted as admiral but such as produce certificates of their qualification from England. (45) In the negative.
(46) No byboat keepers claim any right or make use of any ship's room before all the fishing ships are supplied nor do they presume to take possession of any in the absence of the fishing ships. (47) Some ships from Bideford and Barnstaple allow shares of their voyages, but from all other ports certain wages. (48) Not exactly complied with, some illegal trade being carried on in the northern parts from Jersey. (49) In the negative. (50) I cannot obtain an account of the quantity but am well informed the whole import is consumed and none shipped off to Spain or Portugal. (51) They sell no goods but to the inhabitants, byboat keepers and fishing ships, for which they are paid bills of exchange and train-oil which are sent to England, and by fish sent to Spain, Portugal and Italy. (52) Fourteen public houses licenced and kept by the inhabitants in St. John's; the servants generally trusted on their own credit. It is common for all employers in the fishery to trust their servants with strong liquors, much to their own prejudice. This is in a way of regulation. (53) It commonly happens that many idle servants are paid their wages in strong liquors, and some more than their wages; and continue in that state of debt by their own choice. (54) 50s. out and 30 home; and are paid in fish for the necessaries supplied them. (55) Drunkenness is a common vice expecially amongst the Irish servants of which here are great numbers and occasions the many disorders and thefts frequently committed. (56) It is not customary for masters of ships to discharge their men but carry the same number home, except it be the passengers who generally return home in the fall of the year, few remaining in the country excepting Irish as per scheme. (57) In the negative. (58) Proper care is taken to prevent this practice. (59) Great care is taken to cure the fish for their own advantage. Ten hogsheads of salt is allowed to 100 quintals. No abuse in salting. Fish is often damaged by the heat of the weather as well as being taken at a distance and kept out by contrary winds and bad weather, but not through any wilful neglect. (60) I can get no account of this article. (61) No French here capable of carrying on trade. (62) I can get no account of this article. (63) No officers of the garrison of Placentia concerned in the fishery. (64) The salmon fishery meets with no obstruction but thieves. (65) I do not find any material complaints against the justices, and I think unless they execute and are supported in their authority the Irish Papists would commit many more disorders than they now do, for which reason I have added three at St. John's, two to the northward and one in the south parts. (66) I have in the general scheme inserted the state of the whole fishery as far as I could have any intelligence. I have also altered the course of the scheme, beginning at Placentia, so proceeding eastward and northward unto Twilingate, which place with Fogo is now added. (67) I am informed it is the custom for all buyers of fish to cull such as they like and refuse any fish that is not well cured or unfit for their turn, and that it must be their own fault if they take what is bad. Signed. 6 pp. Endorsed, as covering letter.
498. ii. General scheme of fishery and inhabitants of Newfoundland for 1738. The information is arranged under the following ports: Placentia; Trepassy; Renouze; Fermouze; Ferriland; Bay of Bulls; Petty Harbour; St. John's, Quitty Vitty and Torbay; Harbour Grace; Carbonier and Muskita; Bay of Verds; Old Perlican; Trinity Bay and Bonaventer; Bonavist; Fogo; Twilingate.
Aggregate totals: number of ships, 305; burthen, 23,229 tons; men belonging to the ships, 3,891; passengers in the ships, 3,242; number of boats kept, 1,152; byboatmen, 2,962; quintals offish made, 350,979; carried to foreign markets, 345,296 quintals (fish), 710 tierces (salmon); trainoil made, 2,135 tuns; prices, 19–20 rials per quintal (fish), 40–45s. per tierce (salmon), 8l. 10s.-11l. per tun (trainoil); value of seal oil made last winter, 2,220l. 17s.; value of furs taken, 712l.; number of stages, 501; number of trainfatts, 224; number of families keeping private or public houses, 472; acres of land improved, 294; inhabitants, 4,978 of whom 4,069 remained in the country last winter; born and died since departure of last convoy, 113 and 57. Signed, Philip Vanbrugh. 2 large pp. Endorsed, as covering letter.
498. iii. General remain of ordnance and stores under care of William Sanderson, taken by James Wibault, engineer, at Placentia, 1 July 1738. 7 pp. Endorsed, as covering letter. [C.O. 194, 10, fos. 93–104d.]
November 6.
Chatham in
Lisbon River.
499 Same to Duke of Newcastle. [In substance same as No. 498.] Signed. 2¼ small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 30 December. Enclosed,
499. i. Remain of ordnance at Placentia. Copy, of No. 498. iii.
499. ii. Scheme of fishery of Newfoundland. Copy, of No. 498. ii.
499. iii. Answers to articles concerning the fishery. Duplicate, of No. 498. i. [C.O. 194, 24, fos. 134–144d.]
November 6.
500 Rev. Israel Christian Gronau to Harman Verelst, thanking the Trustees for allowance of 10l. for house which now is built by the carpenter of our congregation. It is built so strong and convenient that it will stand a very long time for being always a dwelling house for a minister of the gospel after my death. The charges of it amount to 40l. sterling and would have been something greater if the Salzburghers had not done some work without demanding any payment. Being not able by reason of my short salary to bear the charges I entreat the Trustees to repay me generously 30l. sterling. Signed. 1 small p. Endorsed, Recd. 23 January 1738/9. [C.O. 5, 640, fos. 215–216d.]
November 6.
501 Rev. John Martin Bolzius to Harman Verelst. Rev. Mr. Ziegenhagen has sent to me a copy of a letter you wrote to him about the money which the Trustees have allowed for Ruprecht Kalcher, servant to Mr. Vat. The said money which is 6l. 3s. 10d. sterling is now placed to my account by Mr. Causton and I have satisfied the said Kalcher who desired me to return the Trustees thanks for this favour.
I had the satisfaction of acquainting Gen. Oglethorpe with the building and intention of our orphan-house, beseeching him for some assistance in victuals and clothing. He is very well pleased by it being persuaded of the necessity and great use of it in regard to my congregation and other poor people. But having no power to allow anything towards it without the consent of the Trustees he advised me to lay my petition before them, doubting not but they would find some means for the supporting the orphanhouse, for which he promised me to write himself some intercession to them. Please acquaint the Trustees that I want their generous assistance in the maintaining our orphans, widows and other persons who are employed for the sake of the poor children, our Salzburghers being now not yet able to contribute anything to it though they are very willing, being persuaded of the usefulness of this institution. Besides this I beseech the Trustees to approve graciously of the generous design of Gen. Oglethorpe in showing my congregation a particular favour. I entreated him for two families of the Dutch servants which Capt. Thomson brought over to Georgia whom we want very necessary for being our cowherds.
Our Salzburghers intend unanimously to go this winter to their works upon their plantations now fully laid out by strict order of the general for planting rice and other kinds, and having a good stock of cattle which they always use to keep upon good pasturages under the care of some cowherds, for want of which they would lose them, as it happened in the beginning of our settlement to some, or to have them wild and of little use in the woods; therefore they beseech the Trustees to allow those two families, consisting in five heads, for the use of our town to be employed for being our cowherds. I have engaged myself to the general to find victuals, clothes and everything necessary for them, entreating only the Trustees to pay their passage which as the general knows neither I nor the congregation is able to do. It is not to be doubted of that this gift of the said servants will redound to our Salzburghers' great advantage as well as to the said servants' great satisfaction and welfare, being now already mightily pleased and thankful to God and men for being brought by the general's leave to my congregation. Mr. Gronau begs you to recommend the enclosed letter to the Trustees. Signed. 3 small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 23 January 1738/9. [C.O. 5, 640, fos. 213–214d.]
November 7.
502 Lieut.-Governor William Gooch to Council of Trade and Plantations. This being the last opportunity I am like to have until the spring I could not let it slip without sending to you printed copies of my speech and of the addresses of the council and house of burgesses at the opening of this session of assembly, which met 1st inst. The enclosed papers will sufficiently testify the good understanding we have as governor and people. But as the continuance of the Act for improving the staple of tobacco and for preventing frauds in H.M.'s customs, which is to expire in a year's time, was the principal design of their meeting, though I am not without hopes I am yet in some doubts whether I shall succeed in that, not from any dislike the country has to the law but, as is pretended, to the execution of it, which they would not complain of if their inconstant tempers did not hate to be long under any regulation, though never so useful and advantageous to them, especially when they have it before them and may make what alterations and amendments they please. However I am very sure if they drop it the people will soon be convinced of the difference, since by meliorating the quality of that commodity it has evidently raised the price of it here and kept up the value of it in Europe. Signed. P.S. Account of H.M.'s revenue of 2s. per hogshead as passed 25th of last month enclosed. 1 p. Endorsed, Recd. 10 March, Read 15 March 1738/9. Enclosed,
502. i. Speech of Lieut.-Governor Gooch to the Assembly of Virginia, commending the continuance of a law which tends so much to the credit and contributes so much to the wealth of Virginia, and directing attention to the late incursions of the Indians. Printed. 2. pp.
502. ii. Address of Council of Virginia to Lieut.-Governor Gooch, 4 November 1738, with his reply thereto. Printed. 1½ pp.
502. iii. Address of House of Burgesses of Virginia to Lieut.-Governor Gooch, 6 November 1738, with his reply thereto. Printed. 2 pp.
502. iv. Account of H.M.'s revenues of 2s. per hogshead arising within Virginia, 25 April 1738–25 October 1738. Balance brought forward, 3,993l. 1s. 8d. Receipts, 2,952l. 17s. 8¼d. Disbursements, 2,793l. 5s. 10¼d. Balance remaining, 4,152l. 13s. 6d. Signed, John Grymes, Receiver-General, audited by John Blair, Deputy-Auditor, 7 November 1738, passed by William Gooch. 2 pp. Endorsed, as covering letter. [C.O. 5, 1324, fos. 147–152d, 155, 155d.]
November 8
503 Rev. F. M. Ziegenhagen to James Vernon enclosing abstract of letter from Rev. Mr. Urlsperger; the contents whereof I recommend to your consideration and that you would lay them before the Trustees and, according to your wonted kindness and favour to the poor Salzburghers at Ebenezer, to second Mr. Urlsperger's motion. Signed. 1 small p. [C.O. 5, 640, fos. 217–218d.] Enclosed,
503. i. Rev. Mr. Urlsperger to Rev. F. M. Ziegenhagen, 15 September 1738, asking him to petition the Trustees for Georgia to send over some tradesmen particularly a smith and shoemaker, and at least half a dozen unmarried women, for the Salzburghers at Ebenezer. 1¼ small pp. [C.O. 5, 640, fos. 178–179d.]
November 12.
504 Thomas Jones to Harman Verelst. The general has ordered me to acquaint you that among the many charges upon the Trustees above their establishment one is the sending Col. Cochran's detachment of the regiment from Savannah to the garrisons on the frontiers and building boarded huts for them. Part of the latter expense was performed by the Trustees' servants, the rest by hired men at a great expense: this whole, as it was for preserving the troops, should be laid before the Parliament. The general apprehends that the extraordinary charges accruing from the water carriage and providing cover for above 1,000 persons who came over in the two regimental embarkations will amount to near 1,000l. but as he cannot yet obtain the accounts can say nothing certain about it.
I began to take an inventory of the Trustees' effects in the store the 24th ult., which was delivered me by William Ewen (Mr. Causton's servant). But on Saturday following he (Ewen) together with Houston, one of the clerks, went away privately for Carolinaand are not yet returned On the Monday following I applied to Mr. Causton (as I did the three following days) that he would, pursuant to the Trustees' order, proceed in delivering their effects into my care his answer was that he could do nothing therein without William Ewen who was entrusted with all that was in the stores. On Thursday I was informed that Mr. Causton had sold some of his livestock and had offered the whole to sale, that his wife had declared they would soon leave the colony, being invited thereto by their friends. I immediately applied to Mr. Christie, the recorder, and gave information on oath before him of the reasons I had to suspect that Mr. Causton designed privately to withdraw from the colony without leave obtained whereby the Trustees would receive great damage; and having obtained his warrant for apprehending him (which was done accordingly) had him before the recorder where he entered into an obligation with two sureties (Mr. Parker and Mr. Anderson) not to depart from the colony without the Trustees' leave. I advised the general of all that had happened who, upon the receipt of my letter, came in an open boat and arrived here at two in the morning yesterday and, after having dispatched an officer to the lieut.-governor of Carolina with orders to apprehend William Ewen, Houston and Hurst(one other of the clerks who had absconded some time before) and to bring them hither, returned immediately to the frontiers, being obliged to do so on account of the following unfortunate situation of affairs there.
There was a mutiny at St. Andrew's, of which the following is the best account I can get. The soldiers from Gibraltar were accustomed to have provisions from the king besides their pay. The king ordered them to have six months provisions at their arrival here which afterwards was to cease. That time being now almost expired the Gibraltar men in the camp at St. Andrew's, when the general went there, demanded provisions and several other things in a mutinous manner to which he gave a mild answer. But instead of being appeased, they grew more outrageous and would have crowded into the fort, broke an officer's sword and wounded him who stopped them at the barriers. The general took one of them with his own hands. Being prevented from securing the fort they ran down to the camp where they took up arms and strove to force the new soldiers to join them. The general and officers (having nothing but their wearing swords) ran down to the camp to disperse them before they could form. The general himself disarmed one of the ringleaders in the mutiny who fired upon him so near that the ball grazed above his shoulder and the powder singed his clothes. Capt. Debrisay seized another as he presented but missed fire at him. Capt. Maccoy having wrested a loaded piece from one of the mutineers fired and wounded another who that instant was levelling and fired a shot at the general. The officers secured six of the ringleaders and dispersed the rest. The new raised men were at first frightened by the Gibraltar men but afterwards came out to obey their officers. The general assembled all the men next day without and examined everyone singly whether their officers had treated them justly. They all said they had no cause of complaint against their officers but that when their provisions were stopped they were afraid they could not live upon their pay. There is a court-martial to be held for the trial of the mutineers as well as for a difference that is between Col. Cochran and Capt. Maccoy. Capt. Dunbar who is going for Charleston being in haste, have no time to add. Signed. 2½ pp. Endorsed, Recd. 22 January 1738/9. [C.O. 5, 640, fos. 219–220d.]
November 13.
505 John Crosse jnr. to Trustees for Georgia, making proposals for supply of wine to Georgia. Signed. 3 small pp. Annexed,
505. i. Teneriffe, 24 November 1738; same to same seeking monopoly of supply of wine to Georgia. Signed. 4½ small pp. [C.O. 5, 640, fos. 221–224d.]
November 13. 506 Memorial of John Sharpe, on behalf of the inhabitants of Jamaica and of the merchants trading there, to Duke of Newcastle. In the convention now under consideration touching the trade of British and French in America and the ports in which the ships of each nation are permitted to enter, Donna Maria Bay and Tiburon Bay were omitted from the French proposals. It is of the utmost consequence that these ports should be kept open; it is hardly possible to make the homeward voyage from Jamaica through the windward passage without touching at one. Tiburon Bay is necessary for deep laden trading ships prevented by the current from reaching the other. There is no likelihood of the British attempting illicit trade in these places for there are very few settlements there. By the 16th article of the treaty of 1686 the French have liberty to fish for turtle at both the islands of Caimanas whilst by the 5th article the English are restrained from fishing on any French island etc. The English should have the same liberty of fishing for turtle on the south and west ends of St. Domingue or the French should be restrained from fishing at the Caimanas. Copy. 5¼ pp. [C.O. 137, 48, fos. 47–50d.]
November 14.
507 Duke of Newcastle to Council of Trade and Plantations, directing that drafts of a commission and instructions be prepared for James Glen, appointed Governor of South Carolina in the room of Samuel Horsey, deceased. Signed. 1 p. Endorsed, Recd., Read 22 November 1738. [C.O. 5, 366, fo. 148, 148d.]