America and West Indies: April 1672

Pages 344-354

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 7, 1669-1674. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1889.

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April 1672

April 4. 793. The King to the Governor of Massachusetts. Notice of the declaration of war against the States General of the United Provinces, and ordering it to be proclaimed in Massachusetts, &c. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCIII., p. 55.]
April 4.
794. Orders and instructions from Sir Thos. Lynch to Capt. John Keene, of H.M.S. Welcome. Immediately to sail for England, taking under convoy the Lyon of Bristoll, the ketch Golden Hind, and the pink Providence of London, and the doggerboat Johanna: to touch at the first port of England, put ashore the letters and advise Lord Arlington of his arrival: to receive on board Coll. Henry Morgan as his Majesty's prisoner: to receive from the captain of the Assistance, Capt. Francis Witherborn, and keep him prisoner until he receive his Majesty's orders: to bear upon his books Joseph Rogers, a poor lame man, disabled in the service of the island, and use Sir Thos.'s name to the Lieutenant of the Tower, and Mr. Knights, the King's surgeon, that he may be put into some hospital. Endorsed, R. 5 Aug., &c. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII. No. 34.]
April 4. 795. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes: present, the Deputy Governor, Henry Hawley, Sam. Farmer, and John Knights. Statement of the Deputy Governor, that by his interest amongst the Indians of Dominique he had discovered a rich silver mine there, or at least great probability thereof, of which he had twice acquainted his Majesty, and sent a piece of silver drawn from the ore in his own sight, and commanded Capt. Peirce, of his Majesty's ketch Eaglet, to call there and carry home a quantity of ore, which he understood he had done. He now desired their opinions whether without further commission he might secure the island for his Majesty. The Deputy Governor also said that he had intelligence that a Frenchman of quality, by means of a Spanish prisoner, had notice of the mine. The opinion of the Council was that he might and ought to secure, or rather confirm and keep his Majesty's possession of that island, which was inserted in the Earl of Carlisle's patent, till his Majesty signify his further pleasure, and the Council advised that a small number of men with a discreet Commander be immediately sent to keep footing in the island, and that the Deputy Governor manage the affair to the best of his discretion till his Majesty's further pleasure be known. 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI., 194–195.]
April 5.
796. Governor (Sir Thos. Lynch) to Don Francisco Rodrigues, Governor and Captain-General of the Havannah. Since his letter by Capt. Don Juan Antonio, complaining of the taking and burning of La Villa de los Cayos by men pretended to be English, has written twice and acquainted him and the Governor of St. Jago that they were French pirates; and again declares that all subjects of his Majesty that do the like are pirates, and he may take and punish them as such, as Governor Lynch has done and shall do, as fast as they fall into his hands. Has a most particular inclination to serve the Spaniards, and amongst them himself, whom Sir Thomas has understood to be kind to our nation. Considering this, and that the other neighbouring Governors seem so little sensible of the King's great care to observe the Peace, and vast expense in clearing the Spanish coasts, makes this narration, that the Governor of the Havannah and the Queen and Council at Madrid may know how candidly he has acted as a good friend and neighbour to the Spaniards. Relates how he proclaimed the Peace, and sent back the Spanish prisoners to Carthagena, and sent the late Governor prisoner to England, "and shall do so the other chiefs of the fatal design of Panama." That he proposed to the Governor of Cartagena the redemption of the Spanish slaves at half their worth; set at liberty some morenos, "little to the people's satisfaction," and sent them away at his own charge, "for whieh nobody has even thanked "him; that he furnished this Don Juan Antonio with everything for his voyage, and paid his pilot 700 pieces of 8, which he lost in August by a privateer; how about eight weeks since he sent out a great ship of the King's and four other vessels with 500 men to take the pirates in the South Cays of Cuba, which took an English and a French ship, and offered the French ship to the Governor of St. Jago, which he refused, saying he durst not punish the French; how both were condemned to death at Jamaica, but the captains at the port and some of the Council begged a reprieve, as the Spaniards had refused to punish them, and there was no reason we should be the executioners; but resolves "to persist in doing what is just though the Spaniards should continue insensible and the English offended;" and how he has sent three times after a vessel belonging to Don Balthazar, the Marquis of Villa Alta's son, which was taken by an old brigantine and is now a pirate. Complains that notwithstanding all this the Governors of Cartagena and St. Jago, on pretence of fear of trade, had forbidden his Majesty's ships to come into their ports, and refused them provisions and water; and that the Governor of Campeachy had detained money, plate, and negroes out of an English pink to the value of 12,000 pieces of 8, and referred the case to be tried at Madrid, "which to me, that have been there, seems worse than the taking it away." Confesses he did not know that the Spaniards' interest lay more in preserving their trade than their lives and countries, nor can he judge why they should not join with his Majesty's subjects in endeavouring to clear these coasts of these most pestilent pirates. If they can contribute nothing to it, they might at least give their thanks and good wishes towards it; but has given over expecting it, and supposes hereafter he shall be ordered to take other measures. Judges the Governor of the Havannah is more sensible, generous, and prudent, and therefore gives him this account of his actions and complaints, only begging an authentic attestation that the French that burned and sacked La Villa de los Cayos and carried away the women, did it under English colours and commission, for Sir Thos. must justify what he does as well to the French as to his King. Begs him to thank Senor Juan Delgado for furnishing the frigates with provisions for their money, and hopes he may be able to requite that civility. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 35.]
April 6.
797. Sir Thos. Lynch to Joseph Williamson. Has written largely to his Lordship as also three weeks since to his Lordship and our Council, but has never had a syllable so much as from the meanest of their clerks. Intends writing till prohibited, and to follow their orders as positive. Begs him to remember that Sir Thos. grows every day more a stranger to Whitehall and to the affairs of Europe, and supposes people's envy and hatred will increase, so that if the kindness of his friends and the justice of the King's ministers do not inform him of his duty, shall fall into abundance of errors. Oath has been made that Williamson's friend Dr. Browne had written to Lord A. that Sir Thos. employed the frigates to get some particular men money; forswears it, and instead of resenting it has saved the poor wretch from being convicted for perjury, and given him his passage home on the Welcome; for of any such falsity can well acquit himself. Williamson's brother is come in the Assistance, and has carried himself very well under this captain. Will not be wanting to him, nor to any that has the least relation to Williamson. Endorsed, R. June 17, 1672. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 36.]
April 6.
798. Richard Browne to Joseph Williamson. Had thought to have been with him by the Welcome, wherein Admiral Morgan is sent home prisoner; but finds himself frustrated. Must confess he is indebted 60l., and had good security for the payment of it in England, but was kept under restraint on various pretences. The grandest he can hear was that he was a servant to his Honour and his Lordship, "which here is a great crime," and they say that he lately wrote that the two ships his Majesty sent for the preservation of the island are employed to enrich three or four persons; and whatever they think they do amiss, they judge he gives intelligence of. What he has written will maintain with his life. Plainly sees a design is laid to ruin him here, that he may not appear before his Honour, and begs "a commanding order to come for England," to maintain what he has written and give a further account. Admiral Morgan promised to take him with him, as also Sir Thos. Lynch, but he failed in both, and is left behind to be tyrannised over. Cannot find himself any way obliged to Admiral Morgan, for if he had been just to his word I had come off, but God grant that he may find as few friends as I; but mine and others' gold (in) his pocket may do something. Finds himself little obliged to Capt. Keene, of the Welcome, a "span new capt. of the last edition," who denied him passage for England. Endorsed, R. 17 June 1672. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 37.]
[April 8.] 799. Memorandum (by Lord Willoughby) of measures necessary for the defence of Barbadoes and the Leeward Isles. (1.) In the last war the Dutch took 20 or 30 English ships by cruising with a caper or two in the latitude of Barbadoes; and to prevent the like a good sailing fifth rate frigate should be sent with him to cruise there, and another to guard the Leeward Isles; which two frigates it is probable, by intercepting the Dutch in their trade, would bear their own charges at least. (2.) That two small vessels be allowed for intelligence between the Leeward Isles, the French and English at Barbadoes, or elsewhere. (3.) That these vessels be victualled for eight months, and if they cannot stow so much that the overplus be put on board the merchantmen he hires to carry his accommodations at reasonable freight. (4.) Barbadoes not furnishing one quarter the provisions and other necessaries for its inhabitants, the bringing of which from England will be very difficult if not totally hindered by the war, proposed that the Act of Navigation may be so far dispensed with during the war that supplies may be received from all parts in amity. (5.) That provision may be made and instructions given him for any design in the Indies yet unknown to him. (6.) That a credit be established here to supply his Majesty's ships on any accident by the help of New England, which may be contrived through merchants here before he departs, for had it not been for a voluntary supply from them (besides what they furnished him on credit), his Majesty's fleet under Sir John Harman and the greatest part of Sir Tobias Bridge's regiment had been in great disorder. As to the Leeward Isles:—That 20 great guns, 1,000 firelocks, and 1,000 swords be sent with ammunition, &c. for Antigua and Montserrat; and that the islands may send their goods to any part, paying the customs upon the islands. Endorsed, "A. copy of this paper was given in to Mr Slingsby Apr 9th, 1672." 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 38.]
April 8. 800. Copy of the preceding, with marginal notes. (1.) Agreed to, if it be not already ordered by his Majesty; (2.) Agreed unto; (3.) Agreed to be victualled as they ought; ? about two ships at Jamaica; (4.) It is not thought fit to do anything in it but what his Majesty has already done by Order in Council; (6.) Agreed to be offered to his Majesty to be done in the regular way of doing it in case his Majesty allow of sending the ships thither. Mem. to ask Lord Willoughby what arms are in the Leeward Islands now; the last clause struck out. With this additional Mem. That it be inserted in Lord Willoughby's instructions to live in friendly correspondence with the French Governors, and that they proceed in their voyages in company with the French ships, so that they may be the more safe against the Dutch, the French King having taken care that all his Governors shall help the English in cases of danger; and that it be inquired of Lord Willoughby what the times are for the King's ships coming from those parts. 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 39.]
April 10.
James River,
801. Wm. Sherwood to Joseph Williamson, Secretary to Lord Arlington. Grateful acknowledgments for having "procured my being in this country." Is sure God Almighty will reward him. Beati qui misericordes quoniam ipsis misericordia. Endorsed by Williamson, "Recd Aug. 9." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 40.]
April 11. 802. Commission to Richard Voyle to be quartermaster and marshal to the Barbadoes regiment. Mem. only. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol XXXV.A, p. 38.]
April 11. 803. Commission to Hartghill Baron to be Adjutant to the Barbadoes regiment. Mem. only. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II. Vol. XXXV.A., p. 38.]
[April 16.] 804. Report upon the Leeward Islands taken from the information of Sir Peter Colleton, the narrative of Lord Willoughby, and letters from Sir Chas. Wheler of 6 July, 20 July, and 5 Dec. 1671, and from Col. Stapleton of 2 Nov. 1671 (which see). This report was made for the Council for Plantations, from which they drew up "The General State of the Leeward Islands," abstracted below. Endorsed, "Copy of this delivered to my Lord Arlington by H. S[lingsby]." 5 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 41.]
[April 16.] 805. The general state of the Leeward Islands, together with the differences between the English and French, delivered to Sec. Lord Arlington by H. S[lingsby]. The middle part of St. Christopher's from sea to sea, the best, biggest, and most defensible, was in possession of the English in January 1666, and Sir Peter Colleton informs us [the Council for Plantations] that there were then 4,000 fighting men, and 9,000 negroes; also three forts, Charles, Stones, and Sandy forts, one platform below the fort, three sconces at Permita Point, and 39 guns. A true state of the island's present condition cannot be made, out of the small and contradictory intelligences received, but the Council hear that their military strength consists of but 3,000 armed men, of whom but 1,500 might be gotten into one body. Sir Chas. Wheler carried thither 20 cannon, of which 16 are part of the stores, which were delivered him in March 1671, from the office of Ordnance, and valued at 2,600l. 14s. 2d., and he hopes to mount some and have 500 men in arms. The French power is not stated, yet they are alleged to be populous and united, though not fixed planters. Nevis, Antigua, Montserrat, Barbuda, and Anguilla are entirely under his Majesty's obedience; but though the sovereignty of the English part of St. Christopher's was delivered the 5/15 July 1671, yet the English planters entering into actual occupancy of their lands is much obstructed by the following French demands, viz., repayment of the purchase money, and for prisoners' diet; and satisfaction for the negroes of Cayenne if the English insist on satisfaction for those of Antigua and Montserrat, which ought not to hinder the re entry of the English. The English demands are, reparation for damages done since the war, the 39 guns taken by the French, and that the English negroes may be brought to make their choice, according to the Articles of Breda. What number of English are upon St. Christopher's, or how many French have taken the oath of allegiance, their purchase money not being yet repaid, does not appear; but on the part unsold some plantations are entered upon by the English who are returned or remained there. One of the great obstructions to his Majesty's subjects replanting is about the repayment of the purchase money; upon all which obstructions are herein-after proposed notes for memorials to be delivered to the French King's Minister. 2pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 42.]
[April 17.]
806. Petition of Captain Archibald Henderson to the King. That for his loyalty petitioner has sustained great losses, but since his Majesty's restoration he settled as a planter in Antigua, and receiving great encouragement from Lord Willoughby, Governor there, arrived to a considerable estate. Soon after the arrival of Sir Chas. Wheler, petitioner, newly recovered from a fever, was apprehended, and conveyed prisoner to St. Christopher's, where by hard usage he relapsed into a condition almost speechless; yet in that weakness was called before Sir Chas. Wheler, and without any legal trial committed to the custody of the Marshal, where he remained close prisoner for 17 days, without any sustenance but cold water; and then (though Sir Charles could not but be sensible that petitioner could hardly live, was shipped off prisoner for England; the master of Sir Charles's boat took a great silver tankard, two silver spoons, and money to the value of 20l., and the Marshal sold his negro servant(s) by outcry, to petitioner's utter ruin; his house, goods, and plantation were seized on by Sir Charles, or destroyed for want of looking after, petitioner's wife (as he is informed) Having since died of grief. Which unchristian usage was inflicted, according to the best of petitioner's information, only for discoursing with his fellow planters that Sir Charles's commission ought to be published and recorded in the island before the inhabitants could take notice that his Majesty's letters patents to Lord Willoughby were repealed. Prays his Majesty to dismiss him to his plantation, and order restitution to be made of his said negroes, plate, monies, and goods; and to cause Sir Charles to answer his proceedings herein before his Majesty, and make petitioner fitting reparation for damages. With reference to the Council for Foreign Plantations. Whitehall, 1672, April 17. Annexed,
806. I. Report of the Council for Plantations. Having considered the above petition, with the informations against him, their Lordships advise that Colonel Stapleton, the present Governor of the Leeward Islands, be commanded to restore petitioner to his house and real estate in Antigua, leaving him at liberty to proceed at law for the recovery of such part of his personal estate as has been taken from him by Sir Chas. Wheler or any other person contrary to law; and that the said Governor be directed, with his Council, to hear and determine in a judicial way the crimes objected against petitioner, that he may be punished or vindicated according to law. 1672, June 11. 3 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 43. See also Col. Entry Bk., No. XCIV., 28, 29, and Dom. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXIII., p.159).
807. Original of the above report. Signed by Lords Culpeper, Gorges, and four others. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 44.]
April 22.
St. Jago.
808. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Ordered, on production of a deed enrolled and sealed in the Chancery of England, 11th December 1671, by Jno. Benner, of Henley-on-Thames, brother and heir of Henry Benner, of Jamaica, merchant, deceased, importing the conveyance of a plantation in Lygonee, in the parish of St. Andrew, to one Rainsford Waterhouse, of London, merchant, be received as authentic, and being proved, be recorded in the Office of Enrolments. Ordered, that any proprietors of land on Port Royal that shall have taken out new patents on purpose to ease themselves of old rents shall, notwithstanding, be obliged to pay according to the old establishment. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXXIV., 290.]
April 25. 809. Instructions from James, Duke of York, Lord High Admiral of England, to Capt. Davies, captain of H.M.S. Mary Rose. To sail in company with H.M.S. Richmond to Newfoundland and remain there during the fishing season, using his best endeavours for the protection of his Majesty's subjects there; to muster the fishermen there and keep them in good order that they be in readiness on any occasion for the defence of the country and ships, with power to mount ordnance in St. John's Bay if necessary. To convey the fishing ships to the Straits and Tangier and to seize all the Dutch ships he can. Signed, James, and by command of his Royal Highness, M. Wren. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 45.]
April 29.
Exeter House.
810. John Locke to Capt. Kingdon. There is within a day or two a meeting of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, when they desire a perfect state of his accounts, some pressing hard for it, and if it should fail it would discompose their affairs. Desires when next he comes this way that he will bring Locke's 20l. and if he be not in to pay it to Mr. Stringer or Mr. Jones. [Shaftesbury Papers, Section IX., Bundle 48, No. 88.]
April 30. 811. Commission to William Lord Willoughby, appointing him Governor and Capt.-General over Barbadoes, Sta. Lucia, St. Vincent, Dominica, and the rest of his Majesty's Caribbee Islands to windward of Guadaloupe. With power to choose in each of said islands a council of 12, to administer the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and suspend or expel them on just cause; also with consent of any seven of the said Councils, to summon general Assemblies in the respective islands according to the custom of Barbadoes, and make laws agreeable to those of England, to continue in force two years and no longer unless confirmed by his Majesty, the Governor to have a negative voice, and power to dissolve Assemblies; to use the public seal; establish courts of judicature; appoint judges, justices, sheriffs, and other officers, transmitting copies of all establishments to his Majesty. To pardon all offences, treason and wilful murder only excepted, in which cases he may grant reprieves till his Majesty's pleasure be known; to present to ecclesiastical benefices; levy and arm inhabitants, and transfer them from one island to another for resisting enemies, whom he may treat according to the law of arms; to ordain articles of war agreeable to those used in England, and put them in execution in times of insurrection, rebellion, or invasion on soldiers in pay only. To build forts and cities, establish Courts of Admiralty, and exercise all the powers of a Vice-Admiral; to grant lands on moderate quitrents; hold fairs and markets; appoint ports and harbours, and erect custom houses, warehouses, and appoint Deputy Governors. And in case of his death, the present Council of Barbadoes to execute this commission. His commission of 6th December 1669 to be void. Mem. "A copy of this was transmitted to the Earl of Arlington 1mo Maii 1672." 6 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. V., 141–147. Copies of this commission dated 10 June 1672 are also entered in Col. Entry Bks., No. XCII., 498–512 and No. XCIII., 63–67.]
April 30. 812. Instructions for William Lord Willoughby, Governor of Barbadoes. On his arrival at Barbadoes, his commission to be published and these instructions communicated to the Council, who are to have freedom of debate, and to vote in all public affairs; members of the councils, judges, justices, and sheriffs to be men of good estates and abilities, and not much in debt; no member of council to be at the same time a judge; present members of the councils not to be suspended without sufficient cause, which is to be transmitted to the Council for Plantations; a list of the names and qualities of the members of the councils to be sent with the first conveniency; also copies of laws made in the respective islands; judges, justices, sheriffs not to be displaced without good cause, or any of those offices executed by the Governor or Deputy, or any person to execute more offices than one by Deputy; salaries and fees to be within the bounds of moderation; no man's life, member freehold, or goods to be harmed but by known laws, not repugnant to those of England; the oaths of allegiance and supremacy to be dispensed with, except to members and officers of the Council, and no man to be molested in the peaceable exercise of his religion; but in his own house and family the Governor is obliged to the profession of the Protestant religion as practised by his Majesty, and the recommending of it to all others; drunkenness, debauchery, swearing, and blasphemy to be punished, and none of ill fame to be admitted to public employment; all planters and Christian servants to be well provided with arms, and trained; an inventory of all arms, ammunition, and stores to be sent to his Majesty; also, an account of the number of planters, servants, slaves, and a yearly account of their increase or decrease, and of all goods exported and imported; and an account of all profits or revenues arising to his Majesty, which the Governor shall use his best endeavours to improve. Encouragement to be given to merchants, and in particular to the Royal African Company, taking care that payment be duly made them according to agreements; an account from time to time to be given to his Majesty and the Council for Plantations of negroes yearly supplied to the islands, and at what rates, of the wants and defects of the islands, their chief products, new improvements, what advantages may be gained by trade, and how his Majesty may contribute; the articles of the Treaty concluded at Madrid the 8/18 th July 1670 to be carefully observed. With the advice of the respective councils order may be taken for any thing not herein provided of advantage to the islands, giving his Majesty speedy notice, provided war be not declared without his Majesty's particular commands. Account to be given of the strength of bordering neighbours and what correspondency is kept with them. Mem. "A copy of this was transmitted to the Earl of Arlington 1mo Maii 1672." 5 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. V., 147–152. Copies of these instructions dated 10 June 1672 are also entered in Col. Entry Bks., No. XCII., 512–525 and No. XCIII., 59–62.]
[April 30.] 813. Petition of John Clugstone and others, merchants in Belfast, and owners of the ship James, to the Council for Plantations. Complain of the seizure of said ship by Sir Chas. Wheler in Nevis in June last, and pray for a report to his Majesty that petitioners may secure the said ship in any of his Majesty's ports, and recover their damages, amounting to 5,000l., out of Sir Charles Wheler's estate wherever it can be found. Annexed,
813. I. Information of the unjust proceedings of Sir Charles Wheler against the James of Belfast at Nevis. That said ship was a free ship, belonged to his Majesty's subjects in Ireland, arrived at Monserrat in May 1671, and then at Nevis, where by Governor Russell's license they were also admitted freedom of trade; but on 15th June Sir Chas. Wheler with two of his Majesty's frigates seized said ship and threatened to carry her to Jamaica unless they gave the captain 150l., and he wrote to the captain that if he found cause he would have her tried at Nevis. On payment of said money the captain left the ship, but after the frigates had left Sir Chas. seized her and brought her to trial. The master proved she was a free ship and navigated according to the Act of Parliament; whereupon the Governor was much enraged, and called a new Council, himself as informer accused the ship as Dutch built, not made free, but the major part of the Court would not declare her prize, and Sir Chas. swore he would have her prize, "give she were the Duke of York's own," and the Court, afraid of his menaces, gave sentence against her as a stranger built, and he violently took the ship and all her papers, and arrested the master, who is still in the island in a starving condition. The owners pray for satisfaction against Sir Chas. for their losses to the value of 3,000l., and that their ship may be restored. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., Nos. 46, 46. I.]
April. 814. Warrant to pay to the owners of the ship Bachelor or their assigns, according to his Majesty's Order in Council of 22nd December 1670, the sum of 1,193l. 18s. 1d. out of the revenue of 4 1/2 per cent. or otherwise arising from the Island of Barbadoes, the same being for the hire and loss of the ship according to an account stated by William Lord Willoughby of Parham. [Dom., Chas. II., Docquet.]
April. 815. Warrant to pay to several masters, merchants, and owners of ships, as directed by Order of Council of the 20th October 1669, the sum of 9,541l. 10s. 6d. without account, out of his Majesty's revenue arising by the 4 1/2 per cent, or otherwise in Barbadoes and the Leeward Isles, for freight, ammunition, wages, and service done in the West Indies. [Dom. Chas. II., Docquet.]
April–May. 816. Two Acts of the General Assembly of Rhode Island, viz., an Act for punishing by whipping, fining, or imprisonment, for rejecting and slighting the Acts and Orders of the General Assembly passed April 1672, and an Act to repeal the aforesaid Act, passed May 1672. Endorsed, True copies; Bellomont. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 47.]