America and West Indies: November 1675

Pages 300-305

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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November 1675

Nov. 1.
701. Minutes of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. Ordered that all the papers (about Virginia) be sent to Mr. Sec. Williamson to peruse before the report be made (see ante, No. 697). Report of Sir Leoline Jenkins of the 8th October in the case of Capt. Cooke, touching his injuries at the Havana, read, and some new queries referred to him. Several other cases of oppression by the Spaniards presented, but not looked into, till this should come to some determination. Copy of Sir Leoline's report sent to the Lord Privy Seal on 29th November the above matter was again debated and a report drawn up to be presented to the King in Council. [Col. Entry Bk., No. CIV. 42, 43.]
Nov. 1.
Council Chamber.
702. The Secretary of the Committee of Council for Trade and Plantations to Sir Leoline Jenkins. The Lords of the Committee having this day read his report of the 8th Oct. on the case of Capt. Cooke (see ante, No. 693), their Lordships desire him to present some certain way how his Majesty's subjects may, without such danger of miscarrying as he foresees, solicit their reparation, and that the method may be such as may also serve the Spaniards in their demands upon us, and their Lordships would also be glad to hear the ways and instances of relief which the English have afforded the Spaniards on any occasion, and what proof ought to be deemed authentic in the liquidation of an account on appeal; whether the proofs made in the Admiralty ought not to suffice, or whether in this case they ought to be made viva voce at the Havana. Their Lordships desire his company when he has considered hereof, and hope he may be ready by Thursday afternoon. Draft with corrections. 1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 38.]
Nov. 2.
St. Jago de la Vega.
703. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Colonels Whitfeild, Ivey, Collier, and Byndlosse desired by the Governor to go to Port Royal and confer with the Lieutenant-General as to the most proper means for repairing Fort Charles and securing the harbour, and to make return thereof at the Board's next meeting. Accounts of the Treasury from March to September last presented by Saml. Bernard, examined and ordered to be filed with the Clerk of the Council, and the account current of the contingent charges to be recorded; total, 927l. 13s. 11d. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXXV., 438–441.]
Nov. 2. 704. Copy of the preceding order concerning the repairing of Fort Charles, and securing the town and harbour of Port Royal. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 39.]
Nov. 3.
705. Order of the King orders (see Nos. 688, 699). Upon reading petition of Col. Warner representing his reasons against his being tried at Dominica (where the fact for which he is prisoner was supposed to be committed), and also several particulars whereby he doubts not to vindicate his reputation and disprove that accusation laid upon him, and praying to be heard thereon, ordered, that petitioner be heard on the 12 instant as to the jurisdiction of Dominica, whether the same was not part of his Majesty's dominions at the time of issuing his Majesty's Commission to Sir Jonathan Atkins, and whether he ought not to be tried in that place; but as to the justification of his innocence the Board leaves him to make out same at his trial. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCVI., 18, 19.]
Nov. 3.
706. Gov. Stapleton to his brother. At Martinico a squadron of French men-of-war, whose Commander, Marquis de Grancey, is very uncivil to our merchantmen, denying them wood and water, and not admitting any but French colours to be carried in the French roads. Other abuses are given. Will get some depositions about this affair. The bearer is one Capt. Murphy, who traded to Windward, and designs hither next year. Hopes this may find him strengthened. Is bound for Antigua in two days, and to Barbuda so to Nevis. Endorsed, "Recd 28 Jan." ½ p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 40.]
Nov. 4/14.
707. Gov. Sir Jonathan Atkins to Sec. Sir Joseph Williamson. Little has occurred of moment since his last, only the fleet that passed proved to be 5 French frigates who convoy a fleet of merchants annually to Martinico and other Leeward isles, and relieve the frigates they always keep there. The ships from New England still bring advice of burning, killing, and destroying daily done by the Indians, and the infection extends as far as Maryland and Virginia, where they have likewise done some mischief. At Virginia they have suffered much from want of provisions this year, so that the Plantations in America are in no very good condition, and are made much worse by the severity of the Act of Trade. This day came in a fly-boat, bound for New England to fetch masts for the King, which was forced off that coast by foul weather; in her came a son of Lord Bedford, much weather beaten, and a little discouraged for any more such voyages, but very well in health. Believes ere this Sir Joseph is advised from Lord Vaughan of the return to his message to the Spanish Governor. From the Havana the King's frigate Foresight, Capt. Davies, called on his return to borrow powder for Jamaica, all their stores being lost going thither, and he furnished 40 barrels though the King has no stores here. It seems his Lordship employed one Brayne, of Jamaica, formerly a surgeon here, to carry his letters, who took on him the name of Ambassador, whereat the Spanish Governor fell a laughing, but admitted him and some gentlemen of the King's ship, but the frigate was not permitted to come within the harbour. His answer was that what he had done was by command from his superiors, and that they must have recourse for remedy to Madrid. He received a letter from Lord Vaughan that the Commissioners and ships that went for Surinam safely arrived there with 1,400 persons, who are there disposed of according to the King's order. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 41.]
Nov. 8. 708. Francis Moryson and Thomas Ludwell to the Lords of the Committee for Plantations. It is desired by us, the Agents for Virginia, that the word tax in their Lordships' report may be altered to imposition, since the first lies properly upon the estates of the persons taxed and the latter upon goods directed in the way of trade; and further, since tobacco is the only part of our estates taxable in Virginia as being with us equivalent to money in England, land, cattle, or other personal estate being of no value or current to pay debts or answer any public payments. Further to be pleased to express their just meaning that it shall not be taxed or imposed there till it be as a commodity shipped to some of his Majesty's ports, where they are most willing it should pay such impositions as Parliament shall think fit to lay upon it. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 42.]
Nov. 10.
709. Commission from Gov. Leverett appointing Richard Newman Ensign of a Foot Company at Marblehead, in Essex, New England, under Samuel Ward, Lieutenant. Endorsed, "Form of a Commission to be an Ensign of Foot." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 43.]
Nov. 20.
710. Warrant to the Attorney-General. To prepare a bill for the King's signature to pass the Great Seal, containing a grant to George Harris, of the office of Secretary of Jamaica and Commissary or Steward of the provisions for his Majesty's fleet and forces there during life, with all fees and perquisites enjoyed by Richard Povey, or any other who held the same. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. 110, p. 79.]
Nov. 20/30.
711. Sir Jonathan Atkins to the Committee for Trade and Plantations. Theirs of the 11th August came not to hand till the 18th instant. Begs some little time to confer with the Council as to their instructions, transferred to him by Sir Robert Southwell. Not knowing his Majesty's pleasure that he should address to their Lordships, has communicated all affairs of these plantations with the Secretaries of State, and principally with Mr. Sec. Coventry, from whom they will receive them. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 44; also Col. Entry Bk., No. VI., 28, 29.]
Nov. 23–25. 712. Minutes of the Assembly of Barbadoes. Adjourned till the morning, only eight members being present.
Nov. 24. Col. Chr. Codrington re-elected Speaker, the Assembly having sat three times by adjournment. An Act for continuing the Excise on Liquors passed. Ordered, on petition of George Hannay, Deputy Provost Marshal, that the Treasurer pay him out of the Excise on Liquors 5,416 lbs. of sugar, being 33l. 17s., at 12s. 6d. per cent., for his charges upon divers rebellious negroes, some of whom were executed, An Act for an Imposition on Liquors imported, with some additions by his Excellency and Council, passed; also an Act for the rebuilding of St. James's Church.
Nov. 25. Ordered, that the Treasurer give credit to John Powys, merchant, on his account of Excise for the duty of 14 pipes of wines, or so much as shall appear to be decayed and unsaleable. An Act for allowance of a second free entry for the dead productions of this island lost or taken, and relating to the 4½ per cent., passed. Resolved, on consideration that many inconveniences may happen to the inhabitants through the want of affixing the seal to the laws, and the Governor signing the same, to move his Excellency and Council to order the originals of all General Acts to be sealed as expressed in his Excellency's patent, and that his Excellency sign the several copies of all Acts for publication in the parishes, and order the Secretary to direct them only to the representatives in each parish, that due care may be taken for safe keeping the same. An Act giving license to Richard Forde, Surveyor, to have the sole benefit of selling his plots of this island, passed. Ordered, that the Treasurer pay out of the Excise to John Higinbotham, Clerk of the Assembly, 10,000 lbs. of sugar for salary; to Joseph Withers, their Marshal, 1,500 lbs. of sugar; to Paul Gwynn, 3l. 10s. for accommodation of their Clerk and Marshal at several sittings; and to Paul Gwynn's negro woman Marrea, 20s., for her diligent attending the Assembly. Ordered, that the freeing of Fortuna, a negro woman belonging to Mr. Gyles Hall, sent in recompense of her eminent service in discovering the intended rebellion of the negroes, be recommended to the succeeding Assembly. The Records of the Assembly ordered to be left in the hands of the Speaker, to be delivered to the Speaker of the next Assembly, the Assembly's year being near expired. 5½ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 196–202.]
Nov. 24.
713. Order of the King in Council. On reading the ensuing proclamation of this date, prohibiting the importation of commodities of Europe into any of his Majesty's plantations in Africa, Asia, or America, which were not laden in England, and for putting all other laws relating to the trade of the plantations in effectual execution, ordered, that the same be forthwith printed and published. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XCVI., 23–26.]
Nov. 24.
714. Order of the King and Council. On petition of the inhabitants of Barbadoes, with a paper annexed containing several grievances, referring same to the Lords Committee for Trade and Plantations, to examine and report to his Majesty in Council. Annexed,
714. i. Petition of the Council and Assembly of Barbadoes to the King. Beseech his Majesty to take notice of their just grievances inserted in the paper annexed, and to apply such remedy as to his princely wisdom shall seem meet.
714. ii. Grievances of the inhabitants of Barbadoes. First. In accordance with the Act of the 4½ per cent., Francis Lord Willoughby ordered that butts of sugar should be entered at 1,250 lbs, and hhds. at 625 lbs., according to which the duty has been collected ever since; yet his Majesty's Farmers of that duty, on pretence that some casks were of late made much bigger than heretofore, have obtained his Majesty's letter for the weighing of all casks of sugar, with a much less allowance of tare than in England, to the grievous vexation and damage of his Majesty's subjects there. Doubt not to make it out that the Farmers' pretentions of defalcations are very frivolous, and have passed an Act ordaining a gage for casks, with penalty of confiscation, if sugars he put into larger ones, which expedient they beg his Majesty will approve. Secondly. Whereas the produce of the island depends on a continual supply of negro slaves, the Royal African Company supply them very scantly, and their price is become excessive, viz., 20l. and 22l. for able negroes instead of 16l., the usual price before the erection of the Company. Formerly they were plentifully furnished with English and Scotch servants, but now they can get few English, having no lands to give at the end of their time, intercourse with Scotland is almost wholly cut off by the Act of Navigation, for men will not bring servants when they may bring no other commodities, and Irish servants they find of small value; so that their whole dependent is on negroes, and unless his Majesty favour them, a considerable part of this once flourishing island will soon lie deserted. Thirdly. The great inconvenience of the Act of Navigation and Trade, which by constraining them to bring all they produce to one market, so beats down the price of sugars and advances freight, that in a short time it must bring ruin on his Majesty's plantations, and is very prejudicial to his Majesty's Customs; for half the sugars brought into England are shipped off again, and half the Custom paid back; whereas the whole Custom being paid back in Barbadoes on sugars sent to foreign parts, his Majesty will have no defalcations nor any risk of the seas. They will trade with none but English ships, sailed by his Majesty's subjects, which will perfectly answer the end of that Act, and will be encouraged to build ships of their own; nor can it be any hindrance to his Majesty's subjects in England, since they must still fetch thence their provisions as formerly. Signed by 10 of the Council, and Chr. Codrington, Speaker of the Assembly. Together, 7 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 45, 45 i., ii.]
Nov. 24
715. Copies of preceding Order in Council and annexed petition and grievances, with original signatures of ten of the Council of Barbadoes and the Speaker of the Assembly. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 46, 47; also Col. Entry Bks., VI., 29–36, and XCVI., 19.]
Nov. 25. 716. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. Ordered, that all Acts be signed by the Governor before publication, and that the rest of the Memorial given in by the Assembly be under consideration. ½ p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI. 289.]
717. An abstract of the records of all grants of lands that have been made in the Province of South Carolina, from the first establishment of this Colony, specifying the names of the grantees, the time when each grant was made, the quantity of acres, and the quitrents, if any, reserved thereon and expressing the situation and location of each grant to 31st October 1765. [The first date is 1674, and the following grants are abstracted for that year and 1675.]
Persons names to whom granted. Number of Acres. In what County, Parish, or Township, or on what River or Creek situated. Date of the Grant.
Lady Marg. Yeamans 1,070 On Yeaman's Creek 9 February 1674.
Authony, Earl of Shaftes bury 12,000 On Ashley River 18 March 1675.
Joseph Pendarvis 137 1 January 1675.
Matthew English and John Morgan 140 On Wandoe River.
John Smyth 1,800 On Ashley River 25 November 1675.
John Hooper and Wm. Cason 240 20 November 1675.
[Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIII., p. 1.]
Nov. 29.
718. Warrant to the Attorney-General. To prepare a Bill for the King's signature to pass the Great Seal containing a grant to Thomas Ludwell, of the office of Secretary of Virginia with the same fees and perquisites as were enjoyed by [Richard] Kemp or any other who held the same. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. 110, p. 80.]
Nov. 29.
Council Chamber.
719. Report of the Committee of Council for Trade and Plantations to the King. Have several days met about the case of Capt. Cooke, and perused not only the papers he brought with him from Spain, but the opinion of Sir Leoline Jenkins thereon (see ante, No. 693], and do not find any other regular way for his reparation, but by his going to the Havana to demand the benefit of the Queen's decree in his favour. But that the prosecution may have due effect, propose that his Majesty move the Queen of Spain to command her own Proctor to prosecute, and the rather because the case is criminal. The report of Sir Leoline also presents an expedient for the accommodation of such complaints in the future. Endorsed, "Read at the Council, 1 Dec. 1675." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 48.]