East Indies, China and Japan: February 1617

Pages 15-19

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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February 1617

Feb. 2. Whitehall. 28. Sec. Sir Ralph Winwood to Sir Dudley Carleton. Incloses petition from Wm. Carmychel to the King who has once written to the States to this purpose, and doth not hold it honourable to give any more letters under his royal hand for so small a matter. Carleton is therefore directed to deal effectually with the States so that petitioner may not to be turned over to a tedious course of law, which he is unfit to undergo. Incloses,
28. I. Petition of Wm. Carmychel to the King's Ambassador (Carleton). That he will obtain from the States their determination in his cause, and procure him satisfaction without any more course of law, conformably to the King's letters to Carleton. Annexed are four papers in reference to his case [Holland Correspondence].
Feb. 2. 29. "A note of all our men's names which did belong to the Swan when she was taken by the Hollanders the 2nd of February 1616"-7 ; together 54, : also "The names of them which we have lost since we were taken" viz : those slain in the ship, who died at Banda, and were lost at Hitto, Machian, Taffasoll and Tabilolo, together 32. [Two pages. O. C. Vol. IV., No. 443.]
Feb. 4. Westminster. 30. The King to Sir Thomas Roe, "our Ambassador resident with the Grand Mogul." His advertisements have given the King "very good contentment, being resolved to retain in a gracious memory the diligence and dexterity which you have used in your negotiations there." Approves of the "entrance of a treaty" he has begun with the Sophy of Persia for opening his gulf and enlarging the English trade in his dominions, especially for the commerce of silk. Authorizes him to dispatch into Persia fit persons with instructions from the East India Company to ripen that business and to conclude a treaty of commerce "without further circumstance" which "shall be by us forthwith ratified." [Half a page. East Indies, Vol. I. No. 57.]
Feb. 7. 31. Agreement with Khoja Arab for the letting of a house at Surat to Thos. Kerridge, for three years or less time. [One page O. C., Vol. IV., No. 443 + 1.]
Feb. 8. London. 32. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Our East India Company are in great bravery, having closed their books for underwriters the last of January and find adventurers for 1,400,000l. for the four following years, which in truth is a very large sum and a great deal more than was expected, but divers have underwritten for 10, 12, and 14,000l. a piece. [Extract from DOMESTIC, Jac 1., Vol. 90., No. 53. Cal., p. 432.]
Feb. 10. Swally Road. 33. John Browne to the East India Company. The climate and its effect upon the health of the Company's servants. The people faithless, inconstant, and covetous, the greater sort cruel and dishonourable in all their actions. Extortions in Cambaya, Ahmedabad, and Baroach. The country full of thieves ; for number they equal those in three or four Christian kingdoms. Violence offered to the English. A house hired for 600 rupees. Exaction of customs at Cambaya ; steps taken to recover some part. Mocrob Chan in the writer's opinion not so bad as the Company have been informed ; true, he is variable, but easy to be pleased if he be rightly observed ; hopes to keep his affection to the English nation with more profit and less cost than heretofore in Surat ; "yet he is a Moor and therefore doubtful." Abdallah Chan's late tyranny hath rather increased the number of thieves than prevented their practices. Forced to guard their house by night. The Mogul's death would put the Company's estate to greater hazard than any other accident. No sales worthy a factory in Ahmedabad, but the present Governor's long desired government gives him better hope. Relation of traffic by former factors ; Wm. Edwardes slow in all but his own ends. Fittest time for buying indigo. Complaint of want of sufficient supplies. How to carry on a profitable trade at Ahmedabad. Discommendation of Christopher Farewell. Reasons for reformation of the long stay of the ships, and many other points in connexion with trade. Danger in the transport of goods. Reasons for approving the factory of Ahmedabad. [By a marginal note it appears that the Ambassador, Sir Thos. Roe, was against the continuance of this factory. "The private trade of the mariners causes them to neglect their duty." Six pages. O. C., Vol. IV., No. 444.]
Feb. 21. Surat. 34. Consultation held in Surat by Thos. Kerridge, agent, John Browne, Wm. Methwold, Thos. Rastell, Thos. Mitford, Thos. Jones, John Crouther, Robt. Younge, Ant. Wallis, Wm. Polhill, Henry Woodroffe, and Jas. Bickford, merchants, with Christopher Farewell, "sometime the Honourable Company's servant intruded into the consultation." Accusations against Farewell for his many abuses in the factories ; his wages allowed him and leave to return to England. Upon reading a letter from the Lord Ambassador persuading the dissolving of the factory at Ahmedabad, it is resolved to continue the factory. As to the factors providing the goods ready for the ships' expected arrival and their more speedy dispatch. The multiplicity of under factors and attendants who might be spared. Robt. Hutchinson to remain at Surat. Leave to Lawrence Walldo to return to England and to Wm. Partridge to go southwards. Thos. Armstrong engaged to serve the Mogul as a musician, but since dismissed, permitted to go southwards. Five hundred [elephants'] teethto be sent to Burrampoor, and John Crowther appointed second to Banggam to go with them. Thos. Darly, preacher, to be paid his salary. Signed by those above-named, except Crouther, Younge, Woodroffe, and Bickford. [Four pages. O. C., Vol. IV., No. 445.]
Feb. 24. Surat. 35. Consultation held in Surat by Thos. Kerridge and the agents before-named. Resolved to send a ship as requested to the factory at Masulipatam. The factory at Calicut to be removed or continued, as the factors "shall find hope of benefit." Concerning the goods of John Midnall deceased. Allowance to [Wm.] Martin. The expenses of John Crouther in his journey from Ispahan to Ajmere to be audited. Salaries of the factors to be paid at the rate of 4s. 6d. per ryal. Robt. Younge referred to the Company in London for satisfaction of his goods, sequestered with those of Thos. Mitford. Leave to Rich. Lancaster to return home. [One page and three quarters. O. C., Vol. IV., No. 446.]
Feb. 24. Succadana. 36. George Cokayne to the President or George Ball at Bantam. Desires to be relieved from his charge as Mr. Gritt [Hugh Greete] and himself cannot live together. How he has been "so cruelly vexed." The factory but slenderly furnished with commodities. Difficulty of effecting sales, the Dutch at Landak giving out that the English gold "was nought and of our own making, which did make them refuse it once or twice." In no case to send more Priaman gold. Cash at such dear rates that they cannot find sufficient to buy themselves victuals. [One page. Indorsed, "Received from Mr. Cokayne, 22 April 1617." O. C., Vol. IV., No. 447.]
Feb. 26. (Surat.) 37. Thos. Doughty to the East India Company. Advice of such things as he has taken notice of since his departure in the James from Swally Road to Jask, as also during his residence there and return to Swally. Death of the Governor of Jask and great lamentations of the people. Jask a very poor fisher town, a mile from the sea side ; there is a castle without ordnance, the walls of clay, the gates and doors so weak that a man might break them down with his foot. Enormous price of cattle and sheep. Provisions should be taken aboard at Swally and Surat. Mogustan as poor a town as Jask. Doubts the success of the trade in Persia. Believes Connok would rather hazard ship, goods, and men than be disappointed of his employment. Goods must be landed at Ormuz ; danger of their being intercepted by enemies to the English. Came to anchor at Swally 6th February, all well. [Three pages. Indorsed, "Received by the Globe, 5th September 1617. Read in Court, September 9th 1617." O. C., Vol. IV., No. 449.]
Feb. 26. Surat. 38. Thos. Kerridge and Thos. Rastell to the East India Company. Their letters of the 2nd November last will have informed the Company of the then state of their affairs. Grounds for their attempting a trade in Persia, chiefly on the Sophy's phirmaund and Steele and Crouther's intelligence of the fitness of the country for profitable trade with England. Inconveniences of the want of money to provide goods in season. The plague at Lahore and Agra has somewhat hindered sales. The whole cargo of cloth in the James sent to Persia. Market for European goods, cloth, ivory, quicksilver, vermilion, lead, sword blades : Hot waters, knives, fowling pieces, drinking glasses, and glass ware by reason of the glut, not at all esteemed. Damage to the goods through bad packing. No sale for coral and coral beads. Price of amber beads. Goods sent home in the Globe. Amount of stock received by the present fleet. Success of their Persian attempt, according to their desire and expectation. Have endeavoured to extinguish the accustomed extraordinary charge in bribes and presents. Differences between the Great Mogul's officers and the English ; the Governor's return has adjusted them. The factory at Calicut. The Solomon arrived in Masulipatam. Paul Canninge's goods. No quantity of sugar to be procured except at 500 miles from Surat. Midnall's goods. Concerning Capt. Hawkins' wife's father and the broker Jadoe. A double stock necessary to carry on the trade to profit. As to the maintenance of an ambassador and so many factories. How the factory at Ahmedabad may be dissolved. Rich lading of the Portuguese caracks. Trade between Bantam, Sumatra, and Surat. Conclusion of peace between the Mogul and the Portuguese. Have not this year been molested by the Portuguese. Hints for packing quicksilver. Private trade general among the seamen. Thos. Mitford and several other of the Company's servants return home. Have provided goods for Tecoe and Priaman. The Company's instructions for private letters to be sent open not liked ; private conveyance will rather be hazarded than that their letters should be exposed to general censure. Have no shipping fit for discovery of Port Pequenia, nor do they consider it a fit place for their trade, part of the Ganges being commanded by the Portuguese ; postpone the discovery for the next fleet. Complaints of the disorderly gentlemen and landsmen who come out. As to the sale of the Unicorn's horn sent from England. Deny the general charge of wicked and notorious living at the factory ; affirm that the factors and factories are as well governed as though they were in France or nearer. Improvements effected by Kerridge. Embezzlement of goods. Improvident use of the ships' provisions. Intention of the Lord Ambassador to repair to Burrampoor for recovery of goods extorted for bribes, &c., and for enlargement of their privileges. Accounts transmitted prepared by Rastell. Factors deceased in the Mogul's dominions this year ; Robert Gipps and Sam. Salstonstall. [17 pages. Indorsed, "Received 5 Sept. 1617 by the Globe. O. C. V., Vol. IV., No. 450.]
Feb. 27. Succadana. 39. Ceo. Cokayne to Geo. Ball at Bantam or Jacatra. Bad behaviour of Hugh Gritt [Greete], "a wicked prattling fool," better to have given him double wages than to have sent him to Succadana. In favour of [Geo.] Jackson. [One page. Indorsed, Received 22 April 1617. O. C. Vol. IV., No. 448.]
Feb. 28. Aboard the Charles, Swally Road. 40. Consultation aboard the Charles by Capt. Henry Pepwell, Commander of the Fleet, Thos. Kerridge, agent, John Browne, Thos. Mitford, Wm. Methwold, Thos. Jones, and Wm. Polhill, merchants. The Unicorn to go to Tecoe and Priaman, and from thence to Bantam. W. Methwold to go chief merchant. The Charles and the James to go to Masulipatam ; to touch at Calicut, and there dissolve or continue the factory according to necessity ; Thos. Jones to go merchant in the Charles, and Francis Futter in the James ; Mathew Pepwell to be second factor in the James. Concerning the satisfaction demanded for the junk laden with timber taken by the James going to Persia. Names of persons appointed to serve the Lord Ambassador to supply the place of those deceased. [Signed by the persons above named. One page and a half. O. C., Vol. IV., No. 451.]
Feb. 28. Aboard the Charles, Swally Road. 41. Consultation aboard the Charles. Gregory Lillington, having on Sunday the 16th February past killed Henry Barton, an Englishman, in or near the town of Surat, received judgment of death by the mouth of the Chief Commander, and is to be shot by the musketeers of the guard. Signed by Henry Pepwell, Thos. Kerridge, Ri. Hounsell, Alex. Childe, Nath. Martyn, Jno. Browne, Wm. Methwold, and Wm. Swanley. [One page. O. C., Vol. IV., No. 452.]
Feb.? 42. Estimate of the benefit his Majesty may make by the trade to the East Indies, and neither touch the King's honour, decrease his customs, nor tax the Company with any charge or loss worth speaking of, nor disturb nor alter the course they are now in. [Two pages and a half. Domestic, Jac. I., Vol. 90, No. 54, Cal. p. 432.]