East Indies: December 1632

Pages 320-339

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies and Persia, Volume 8, 1630-1634. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1892.

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December 1632

Dec. 2.
Ship James.
351. Geo. Willoughby to President Joseph Hopkinson in Surat. Landed to wait on him as soon as he could procure a boat, but was very sorry to find he was departed and himself frustrated of his farewell. Understands that Mr. Mountney, &c. have made a great complaint of him, and is sorry he should be reported to be exceeding faulty, for he desires peace and love and quietness with all men, and knowing himself unable to bear reproachful words, uses not to give any. And now by reason of his long and great sufferings expecting to receive right for all his wrongs and not more oppressions, is more unable to bear discourtesies than formerly, which caused his being so sensible of the discourteous words received, and returning them again. Intends not this as a complaint, knowing that the best men have had their errors, but only to intreat a charitable opinion of himself as not a man to abuse any of the meanest, much less of such rank as Mr. Mountney, &c., whose friendship he duly respects. Intreats him to send order when he pleases for him to come to Surat. Endorsed, "2 Decr recd 3.1632." 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1472.]
Dec. 3–8. 352. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. On motion of Captains Hall and Allnutt, their bonds, entered into on their entertainment, were delivered to them, they having cleared with the Company. Inventory presented by Stevens of a new ship called the Consolation, of 170 tons, for which the owners demand 1,000l., the Court offered the Master 950l. but he refused.
Dec. 7. The resolution at the last Court to send out two victuallers, viz., the Reformation for Bantam and the new ship to be bought to wait on the Palsgrave and Discovery for Surat again argued and disputed, and being put to the question again confirmed, and Committees intreated to use all diligence that the Reformation may be timely dispeeded away to arrive, if possible, at Bantam by the middle or fine of July next to meet the Surat and coast ships, and supply their wants; and whereas there is laden aboard her 200 pigs of lead designed for Surat, which causes her to draw so much water as would hinder taking her full provision of victuals, ordered that 150 pigs of lead be taken out and put aboard the Palsgrave, and that 20,000 Rs. be sent in her to pay for custom and other charges. Nicholas Norbury, Henry Dunn, Richard Lucas, and Richard Hopkins nominated, but Norbury, an ancient servant of the Company and well acquainted with the several ports and harbours to the southward and coast of Coromandel, chosen Master of the Reformation with 7l. 10s. wages per month; he promised to forbear all private trade and hinder it as much as in him lies in others, and requested leave to choose John Shilling for one of his mates, and Richard Robinson, who had lived eight years in the country, for his surgeon, which the Court approved. Demand of the messenger, who, by warrant from the Council table, brought up Edward Collins and five of the Company's powder makers, for 10l. for his fees; the Court remembering they had given the poor men 5l. towards satisfaction of the messenger, offered him 30s. and 50s. more out of the poor men's wages, but he seemed not content and so departed. Report by Edward Collins that he had lately made 100 barrels of powder, which is on the way to Blackwall, and that before Christmas he shall make 55 barrels more, to perfect which he desired 20l., which was granted. On petitions the following gratifications and increases of salary granted; gratuity of 20l. to Mr. Cappur, and increase of salary from 50l. to 100 marks to Richard Swinglehurst 10l., and increase of salary from 40l. to 50l., to John Young, who rides post day and night and at all seasons in the Company's service, 20l., and increase of salary from 50l. to 100 marks, and to Michael Dunkyn, Mr. Massingberd's man, increase of salary from 20l. to 30l. Because of the many favours lately done the Company by Mr. Sec. Coke in procuring their Patent for gold and his Majesty's letters to the King of Persia sent by Mr. Kirkham, ordered that the Secretary deliver him the same gratification as last year for the like respects. Pursers, Stewards, and their mates appointed to the several ships, viz., Thomas Reignolds, Purser of the Palsgrave, and Robert Piggott, his mate, and Giles Durant, Steward, and William Burles, his mate; Adrian Montgomery, Purser of the Discovery and Lewkenor Petly, his mate, and James Johnson, Steward, and Francis Reader, his mate; Richard Andrews, Purser of the Reformation, and John Handcorne, his mate, and Edward Booth, Steward, and Abraham Smart, his mate; Richard Floud, Purser of the new ship, and Thomas Frettwell, his mate, and William Miller, Steward, and Edward Roberts, his mate.
Dec. 8. Election of Officers and Factors for the intended fleet; many suitors, who much importune the Court by letters from honourable persons and others, altogether unfit for the places they sue for; it was therefore propounded that the election be by the balloting box; secondly, whereas it has been the custom of the Court to intreat Committees to make inquiry of persons unknown, and report to the Court, which being faithfully performed and made known to the parties, has brought upon such Committees the hatred and ill-will of the parties inquired of, also that whatsoever shall henceforth be reported to the Court of any person in this kind shall be kept secret, as well by all the Committees as the Company's officers; and thirdly, that any Committee or other person recommending any man to be entertained shall be bound for the party recommended in a bond of 1,000 marks for his faithful and honest service. These three propositions being seriously considered were severally put to the question, and by erection of hands ordered and confirmed. In the next place, the Court proceeded to the election of their Factors, and their names being read, they were severally called in, and those hereafter named entertained on the following conditions, viz., John Ling, who had been employed in Turkey, to be prime Factor at 100l. for the first year and 150l. for each of the four years after, and in a bond of 1,000 marks to be debarred private trade; Peter Rogers and W. Favour each at 20l. and 5l. yearly rising for seven years; William Sayer, Francis Day, and George Dent, each at 30l. and 5l. yearly rising for seven years; Joseph Keeling, Thos. Smith, and Philip Dumarisq, each at 30l. and 10l. yearly rising for seven years; and Richard Edmonds and Abel Druce, each at 40l. and 10l. yearly rising for seven years. 8 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XIII., 140–147.]
Dec. 10.
353. William Hoare, Gerrald Pinson, and Robt. Coulson to the East India Company. Their last was of the 1st Feb. by the London, which that day set sail hence, and from the Cape 2nd May as advised for England. Their business stands fair and as hopeful as ever it was in these parts. This advice being sudden, and the bearer to Batavia attending the writing, cannot be large in many particulars till their own ships sail, which will be within 20 days, and the rather for that Hoare is toyled and encumbered with the tedious perfecting of the accounts for Joint Stock and second and third general voyages, which, after eight months' backwardness through Mr. Henley's infirmity, he was enforced to undertake, they are brought to a head, and if God continue him health, shall appear on their own ships. In March last the pinnace Intelligence arrived from Surat, only to bring a brief letter advising the death of President Rastell and others of the Company's ablest servants, as also the continuing misery of those parts, and order for relading home the James; which unseasonable appointment had it by herself arrived, she might have long since been in England full laden and a very great expense saved. About middle April the pinnace departed to meet the fleet at their appointed rendezvous. In June the Star arrived from Macassar with 80 tons cloves, rice, &c.; her hull very crazy, but with great care and labour they have made her a sufficient ship, and so doubt not she will continue till the Company see her. Pinnace Speedwell came 6th July from west coast, Sumatra, with about 120 tons pepper, dear bought at above 8 Rs. per pecull, and 100 tale gold put off for cloth at about 60 per cent. profit; and she might have brought her full lading of pepper had not her superfluity of cloth hindered stowage, which they know not by what mistake at Surat was laden on her to the prime cost of 11,000 Rs., half of which had been more than sufficient; wonder that place should be exempted from this agency, or not to more purpose followed from Surat, for it is to the Dutch a very mine of pepper, and the Company may certainly confide on 1,000 tons thence yearly if the ports be sorted with goods fitting and traded by men experienced with the customs of the people. The Speedwell and Simon and Jude now at Jambi assisting to lade the William, which arrived 1st Aug. from Surat with a cargazoon in cloth nearest 35,000 Rs., so dear bought and defective that it will hardly yield, here or in any other factory, prime cost; herself also extremely decayed and her rudder quite perished; but she has been careened and sheathed, and is now as able as when she came out of England. She sailed for Jambi 1st Oct., where her lading for the second voyage is ready, as also the Speedwell's for the third. Received advice not long after by the Dutch Hoorn from the Pearl, which 26th May sailed from the Cape for Armagon; have not since heard of her, but fear her monsoon will be hazarded for Macassar, as will be all those who are so late dispeeded out of England. Sept. 6th God brought the ship Jewel, by which they received the Company's letter of 26th Nov. 1631, which shall be shortly answered, and to their comfort perceive the re-establishing of the Joint Stock, which unition will prevent much distraction. Dare assure them these parts will not fail of large and quick returns, so please you once think fit to reduce it to its pristine precincts and privileges and to nourish it with becoming supplies of shipping and means, both out of England and from Surat; then they will be much to blame who manage the business if four of their ablest ships be not yearly laden hence for England. Oct. 24th the Hopewell came from Macassar with only 37 bahars cloves, the Dutch having hindered all trade this year from Amboyna and Moluccas, yet are there great hopes of the next, there being above 60 able prowes now fitting thither from Macassar. Are well furnished with well sorted goods at Macassar, at least 30,000 Rs., besides 11,000 Rs. on the Dove ready to sail thither, which shall be augmented when the Pearl arrives. The Dove newly careened and sheathed, and now a serviceable vessel. The Star and Jewel both laden for account of second general voyage and Joint Stock, and attend only the Hopewell, which they are busy lading for third general voyage, and by fine of next month they will be all under sail for England. Half the cloves the Star brought are put aboard the William to ease the adventure, the Hopewell brings her whole partido, the Jewel few if any; the rest of their lading is pepper. After which three, the William and Pearl, if she arrive soon enough, or the Speedwell, will in January be under sail likewise for England, for account of the voyages whereto they belong; besides which they have means abroad in action which will procure 2,000 tons of goods for next year. On the three former divers of their ancient Factors are to take passage, and on one of the two latter Hoare is resolved to return. For future manage of the Company's business there are at Jambi Richard Barnaby, Christopher Fleming, and Ephraim Ramsey, with two more; at Macassar, Jno. Russell, Tho. Robinson, Richard Champneys, and two landmen from the Hopewell for watchmen to secure the factory at Japara, George Williamson and Charles Hirst, and another young man out of the Hopewell. In this factory intend to appoint Mr. Woodson chief, John Reeve second, Gerrald Pinson third, and Robert Coulson fourth, all whose sufficiencies dare recommend. Thus far is copy of their brief advice sent 30th Oct. for Batavia, to be conveyed by the Dutch. Since when, 1st Nov. dispeeded pinnace Dove for Macassar with goods to amount of Rs. 9,654 : 11¼; of which place have good hope in regard this next will be, as they term it, their great year of cloves, and the strong preparation made to fetch them leaves them very hopeful of a large return. Again perusing the Company's letter of 26th Nov., with postscript of 2nd Dec. 1631, by the Pearl, and addition of 16th Dec., by the Jewel, find little requiring answer, but take notice of their proposed trade betwixt this place and Coast Coromandel, and what goods are specially requested for England, which as opportunity offers shall be duly observed, desiring the Company to entertain a better opinion of their southern trade and people there employed, for if, notwithstanding all our care and diligence, the Company still continue displeased, it will add much to their griefs, but shall no whit lessen their endeavours. Have received the goods and stores sent forth on the Jewel, and already disposed of most part, so that they are as barren as ever; the stores being but as the sprinkling of a small dew after a long drought, and their large returns for England and other places have left them very little means in Bantam; earnestly intreat a large supply of both. Have fully laden the Jewel, Star, and Hopewell, and appointed their ancient servant, John Ellesmore, Commander. On the first for account of Second Joint Stock is laden pepper, cassia lignum, and cloves, amounting to Rs. 24,636; and on the Star for the second general voyage pepper and cloves, amounting to Rs. 39,927, besides 55 bales Surat cloth, &c., and 82 of cotton yarn, the invoice whereof was unhappily stolen out of the William's cabin by a Java boy, who tore it up when he came ashore and found it not clean paper, but hope that the Blessing carried a copy to England. Refer to the Company the freight on the Hopewell of pepper and cloves for the third voyage, for the Second Joint Stock, and for the second general voyage. For other passages are referred to the register of letters, also to the accounts of the Second Joint Stock and second and third general voyages, which with great pains Hoare has perfected, though to the impairing of his health. Of their servants whose time has expired, Lawrence Henley and James Watts take passage on the Jewel; the former has been long infirm; he is not indebted here to the Company, but they may remember that 160 Rs., which at the information of George Brewen in Muschamp's Presidency were charged to his account, were at Willoughby's taking the accounts written off on Henley's promise to give the Company the reason. Watts came by the William from Surat without being even mentioned by the President and Council; must refer him to his relation. Have licensed Malachi Martin to take passage on the Hopewell; he has done good service at Macassar, and delivered his accounts duly balanced, nor is he indebted, save for the cost of the junk Macassar, bought without order, which is referred to the Company. Have appointed George Darr, a young man that came on the Palsgrave, to be Purser of the Hopewell, and recommend him as very fitting for future employment. Have permitted passage to Richard Langham on the Star, but the 100 Rs. per annum promised they have since refused to allow; are unwilling to publish his neglects in regard he is a stranger and has been heartily sorry, but he has not been so grateful as became him for the many courtesies received. Received by the Jewel letter from Capt. Millward, with box containing 25 silk waistcoats, of which he says the Company licensed the sending; have sold them for 300 Rs., and brought to the Company's account, not having received order from them thereabouts. Capt. John Hall has credit 1,055 Rs. in the Second Joint Stock accounts for wine and toys sold at Macassar, from which 125 are to be taken off for difference of value between Macassar Mas and Rs. of 8 Spanish. It has pleased God to take out of the Hopewell many of their servants, amongst them Thomas Watts, Robert Blose (Bloys), and John Reeve; their estates, when and how disposed of, will appear in the Purser's books for necessaries sold at the mast, and the rest in the accounts third general voyage; Martin has of Blose for his wife two tubs China ware, one small "screetore" with toys, and 16 or 18 pieces China stuffs; and of Watts for his wife a small trunk of China stuffs and toys; Watts and Reeve deceassd intestate, Blose's will is sent herewith. Are confident by the next to receive the Company's order what course to take with the remains of the second and third general voyages at fine of next year, but conceive it proper that the debts between those voyages and the Second Joint Stock be left running on till it appear what remains will be left to be taken back on discount. The general books, with accounts of subordinate factories, Jambi excepted, go herewith, made up to October; there are trifling errors in the second voyage and Joint Stock; from Jambi have received no accounts at all, and indeed the mainest causes that kept Hoare from taking passage on these ships were to take in those accounts, which he fears will be full of intricacies, and to settle the management of affairs for this following year. Purposes at coming hence to take copies of all journal parcels since these accounts, and by the way homeward to balance the books to the very day of his departure, till when the Company will excuse copy of book invoices, for there is not a spare able hand to transcribe them. Affairs generally stand fair in these parts, only desire a larger supply of ready ryals till goods be better esteemed, for of late years neither Surat nor coast commodities will yield much more than their prime cost, and yet go off very slowly. The proportion of broadcloth sent on the Jewel and of knives and strong waters for presents will be annually sufficient; but the Company may double the quantity of lead to 50 tons, for Bantam will vend the half and Macassar and Jambi the rest, for though it yield no great profit, yet it is better than ready money or any other commodity; and if they will reduce Coast Coromandel and West Coast, Sumatra, to be again subordinate to this agency, 100 tons will not be too much; the restoring of which places mainly imports their trade in these southern parts. From the former they are unseasonably supplied, and should a ship from England sent thither lose her monsoon, their business would be a whole year at a stand; and for the West Coast, Sumatra, they are even ashamed to see what heaps of pepper the Dutch almost monthly fetch thence, not less than 2,000 tons per year, wherein they might be equal sharers were they not restrained by the President's order from sending thither; which restraint has left them only Jambi to seek lading in for Europe, and there they fear the Dutch will soon overbear them when they perceive that their only refuge, Bantam having not at present one bag of pepper to sell, nor will it have these two or three years more than 200 or 300 tons per annum, but such store is this and last year planted that in two years the great men assure them there will be 3,000 tons to be bought. Are of opinion that they will be enforced to dispense with that order of the President's, for they must send the Pearl to the west coast of Sumatra to fill her belly for Surat, otherwise they can expect no pepper this year. Must commend likewise the necessity of a house at Bantam for health and security, this they dwell in being utterly past repair, and no other in the town fitting their use to be hired; conceive 5,000 or 6,000 ryals would finish the work, whereto the King and people daily importune them, according, as they say, to agreement, the deferring whereof makes them suspicious of their future intentions. Desire the Company also to remember what fatal and fearful accidents may happen through their want of a commission to govern their people and punish offenders; the President and Council by the Great James required that which the Company once gave to their chief here, but sent no other, for want whereof their persons and the Company's estate may be brought into dangerous exigents; should an unruly Englishman kill a Javan, the King would require them to do justice, as himself lately did publicly on one of his own subjects who with a "creeze" slew Henry Battee, Mate in the Speedwell, and they being prohibited are afraid to think what direful events might succeed. The Agent and Council also by this want are disrespected and their business slighted, sometimes even by the meanest of their servants. At the William's sailing for Jambi, some pieces of ordnance being interchangeably discharged from the ships, one unhappy shot from the Dove passed through the Jewel and took off both the legs of a youth named Humphrey Oldum, of which in a few hours he died; Paul Leech fired the piece, whom they have sent home in the Jewel to be censured, though it be only a casual accident. The moneys of Thomas Watts and Robert Bloss (Bloys) taken into the Company's cash at Macassar after their decease were not Rs. of 8, but Mas of that place, from which the Company must deduct 12½ per cent. for difference of value. Will supply anything omitted herein by the William about the fine of next month. Endorsed, "Copia. The Agent and Council in Bantam. Rec. from ship Star from Milford Haven the 20 July. The transcript hereof brought home by ship Jewel is quoted therefore not this." 12 pp. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1474.]
Dec. 10. 354. Abstract of the preceding letter. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1483.]
Dec. 10.
355. Commission and instructions from Will. Hoare and Council to John Elsmore, Thomas Beaumont, and Thomas Godfrey on their voyage for England on the Jewel, Star, and Hopewell. To sail in one fleet for England, ordering their voyage by joint resolutions confirmed by their Council. Elsmore to be Commander of the three ships the Jewel, Admiral, Star, Vice-Admiral, and Hopewell, Rear-Admiral, with full authority to govern all persons, except Lawrence Henley and Malachi Martin, who, having long served the Company, are to be respected and accommodated with all becoming necessaries. To conclude on some fitting orders for keeping company to be punctually observed as a matter of great import to the Company. In case of the death of Elsmore, Beaumont to succeed him, and, in case of his decease, Godfrey, Thomas Fletcher to be Master and to remain in the ship left first destitute, which is to be accounted Admiral. To keep their ships ready to oppose pirates and other men-of-war, especially where they put in to refresh. Lawrence Henley, Malachi Martin, Thomas Beaumont, Thomas Godfrey, Thomas Fletcher, William Casey, Richard Harrison, George Darr, and Peter Dun to be of Council to the Commander, who shall have a double or swaying voice in all consultations; and George Darr to keep a true register to be delivered to the Company in England. To spend as little time in watering or other occasions as possible, and unless constrained by necessity not to put into the West Country or any other port of England, but apply directly for the Downs; yet by the first opportunity to land a couple of men, George Darr to be one and send up their letters to the Company. Endorsed, "Received by the ship Jewel 20 July 1633." 3 pp. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1475.]
Dec. 10. 356. "List of this Packet." General letter to the Company of 10th Dec. 1632. Bill lading, ship Hopewell. Invoice of ship Hopewell's lading. Invoice of ship Jewel's lading. Invoice of ship Star's lading. List of books, &c. in Box Number C. ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1476.]
Dec. 12–14. 357. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Motion of Mr. Woodall for an increase of stores for surgery to be sent on shore as well to the southwards as northwards being put to the question was utterly deemed as superfluous. Request of the messenger that brought up Edward Collins and five workmen from the powder mills by warrant from the Lords for payment of his fees; answered that if he would accept what the Court formerly offered him they would order payment, otherwise they left him to take his course for more they would not give him. On report of Mr. Treasurer Bateman ordered that interest on a bill be remitted to Mr. Brinley for commodities bought at Rohan by Mr. Bogan. Mr. Henchman recommended by Mr. Smethwick as a Factor, also a kinsman of his Wm. Smethwick, for whose fidelity he offered to engage himself, by bond, according to the Company's order; answered the Court would propound them to the Court as they do other suitors. Contract presented by Mr. Young for purchase of the ship Consolation at Ipswich for 1,000l. besides the charge in bringing her into the river, confirmed by the Court; Mr. Reynolds, one of the farmer's deputies, to be presented with 3l. for his assistance therein. Renewed suit of Francis Lloyd to be again entertained, presenting a testimonial from Capt. Weddell and others to clear him from the imputation of selling the Company's rice, &c.; the Court wished him first to clear his accounts with the Company. Payment of the clothworkers who have dressed the Company's cloths wholly left to Messrs. Gayre and Mustard. Richard Wild, Sir Bryan Hanson, Oliver Cloberry, Wm. Bushell, and Geo. Page allowed by the balloting box as good security for calicoes amounting to 2,300l. On Mr. Treasurer's motion Michael Dunkyn's salary enlarged from 30l. to 40l. Committees intreated to see to the speedy provision of 12 pistols, six fowling pieces, cases of strong waters, and knives to be sent for presents to Bantam and those parts. The following persons allowed by the balloting box and entertained Factors, viz., Nathaniel Kingsland, Thomas Griffith, and Thomas Ivy at 30l. per annum, Francis Eyre at 40l., and Robert Hatch at 20l. the first year, all rising 10l. yearly for five years. Gratuity of 10s. to Richard Sampall, recommended by the Churchwardens and Constables of Stepney.
Dec. 14. Ordered, on intimation of the profit made at Bantam and Jambi by mariners and others by the sale of ordinary writing paper, that 100 reams be sent in the Reformation for a trial. John Tewsely, who had served Sidrack Williams and others 12 years in Turkey and Italy, and Francis, son to Sir Robert Honnywood, elected Factors by the balloting box, at 40l. and 30l. wages for the first year, rising 10l. for five years; Wm. Smethwick put to election by the balloting box, but the major part being against him he was dismissed; Robert Downes recommended by Job Harby put several times to the balloting box, and the balls proving equal he was deferred till next Court. Renewed suit of George Sill for proceeds of taffetas and calicoes sent home from his brother Henry Sill, which the Company have lately sold; but was told, as before, that they would not part with goods or money till the return of his brother who is expected in the next ship, and it appear that he stands clear with the Company. Mountney ordered to send a ton of refined saltpetre to Amsterdam for a trial, so they may resolve whether most profitable to sell it as it comes from the Indies or to proceed to refine it, and then put it to sale. Suit of Thomas Jones, who came home 10 years since in the Great James, having served many years in most of their factories, to be again entertained a Factor; deferred. 5 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XIII., 148–152.]
Dec. 15. 358. Interrogatories by President Hopkinson and Council for George Willoughby, &c. concerning their proceedings against Henry Sill, Christopher Reade, &c., on the coast of Coromandel, and answers to same. They entered not the fort of Armagon by force of arms, neither forcibly seized or carried away Henry Sill, but in peaceable and orderly manner for the benefit of the Company, as superiors may and ought to deal with delinquents. Agent Willoughby showed the Company's letter sent on Royal James to the Agent and Council of Bantam, sent to the coast by Rastell, whereby he was, by a Council as well of Factors there resident as of those belonging to the second general voyage, acknowledged Commander there, as Agent of Bantam. The reasons requiring the remove of Henry Sill were partly alleged in consultation, &c. sent from Armagon to this Presidency. Henry Sill was not only a delinquent to the Company by the information of others to Willoughby and Council, but by their own experience of all his actions, and therefore they were obliged to free the Company's affairs from his monstrous proceedings, and Christopher Reade was his right hand in all his projects in the contracted private trade, &c. When Willoughby was obeyed in the fort of Armagon, Sill was orderly removed on board the ship Star, to take his passage for Bantam, the shortness of time permitting not such formal proceedings at Armagon against Sill as were requisite. (2.) On the calling of the consultation Christopher Reade seemed distracted, swearing he would have caused the ordnance to be turned on Geo. Willoughby and the rest, to shoot them to the devil, which caused his confining to his chamber for avoidance of danger, and it is very likely that for avoiding of distractions, gates and doors were in orderly manner caused to be shut, and persons ready to keep peace and quietness. (3.) Willoughby was published Commander in Armagon, without which he could not have removed the disorders which by all likelyhood would have ruined the Company's prosperous affairs there; at which publication Reade showed not any letters from this Presidency to the contrary. (4.) The subscribers to the General Council did not deny the power of President Rastell, neither made other choice of Willoughby than the Company's letter directed. (5.) Ralph Cartwright required the showing of unnecessary writings with the intent of disturbing the quiet settling of the Company's affairs, but the clause which it seems they mention was then on board the Star, and could not be shown; Nicholas Bix, Osmond Smith, Ralph Cartwright, and Thos. Tempest no way opposed the publication of Willoughby to be Commander, three of them subscribing the consultation and publication. (6.) Willoughby had many times persuaded Sill and Reade to desist from their many disorders and prejudicial proceedings but they would not, when the Star was to depart from Armagon for Bantam it was by consultation resolved to remove Sill to Bantam, and sequester his and Reade's estates towards satisfaction of the Company's damages till judgment was given, inventory whereof was taken by John Hunter, Nicholas Bix, and Philip Bearden, and sent to this Presidency with all Willoughby and Council's proceedings. (7.) John Hunter was so well liked by the Company that they gave him 80l. per annum, and intended him for Cape merchant on the Star, whose cavidal was upwards of 16,000l., seven times more than was left him at Armagon, in which place he had proceeded had not the Company afterwards entertained Willoughby and Matthew Duke, being by former long residence on that coast acquainted with that trade and people. Hunter was not left there contrary to the Company's order, but rather by their order; was elected Chief there by consultation; and could not but be more beneficial to the Old Stock's remains than Sill or Reade, whose experience there was far inferior to his. Sill's assistants, Reade, Cartwright, and Tempest were called to the Council for settling the Company's general affairs, but were so refractory and madly disposed, being as it seemed much grieved for the disjointing of their contracted private trade that they absolutely denied any assistance, and would wrangle, contest, and disturb the rest of the Council from settling the Company's affairs, and were at length ordered by consultation not to be called; but Nicholas Bix, who was one of Sill's assistants, gave good assistance in all their proceedings at Armagon. (8.) If Willoughby's accusations against Ralph Cartwright, sent overland to this Presidency, were supposed worthy his remove, the President and Council might have sent him by ship William or Hopewell for England, for Willoughby left him and those factories to be governed by this Presidency; and the Star had too many of those seditious passengers. (9.) Had Willoughby and Council complied with all the requiries of Sill and his associates, viz., to be re-established in their places, &c., it would have overthrown the Company's affairs on that coast, and they might truly have been supposed to be mad; whereas all their misprisions are only by the false and clamorous accusations of Sill and his associates, whom Willoughby and Council have, made to appear in their true colours of absolute delinquents, and therefore treacherous to the Company, and ought not to have any credit; for their proceedings were just, and would have very much advanced the Company's south trade in cutting off the excess of private trade, had not Rastell by countenancing the contrary parties and displacing Willoughby and Council cut off their good endeavours, whereby the Company's affairs are not a little maimed. (10.) Know of no accounts violently seized out of Sill's hands. The Company's accounts were orderly by consultation taken from Reade, and perfected and balanced at Bantam. (11.) Know of no denial to show letters from this Presidency, and though they say Rastell appointed Willoughby Agent at Bantam, he was so appointed before Rastell departed out of England by his employers. (12.) The bereaving the coast Coromandel of Sill and Reade was very necessary for the prosperity of the Company's affairs, which were not thereby maimed, but amended and restored to former liberty. (13.) At Armagon was showed sufficient authority as aforesaid for Willoughby's proceedings. Although it has pleased the President and Council by articles called interrogatories without date to accuse them of the particulars therein mentioned they suppose it to be a mistake of some of their Ministers, since the President and Council know not of any of their proceedings on coast Coromandel as eye witnesses, but what they allege savours to proceed from Sill and Reade, who are absolute and notorious delinquents, not by way of circumstance but real substance, and whose accusations ought not to have been so credited by President Rastell as to cause "our displacings," or by this President and Council, as to cause them and their Master's affairs thus long to suffer; but rather the Company's affairs to be preferred before the particular respects of Christopher Reade, &c. who may have recourse to the laws of England when they meet there. Willoughby affirms that he is a freeman and adventurer of the Company, having taken oath to advance the English East India trade by all reasonable means according to his power, which was a special motive and obliged him to proceed against Henry Sill. Signed, on board the Royal James 15th Dec. 1632, by George Willoughby, William Matthewe, and Thos. Grove. John Barnes, Philip Bearden, and Edward Hall affirm to the answers of the four first articles, 17th Dec. Gilbert Gardner affirms to the answer of the first article. The "Interrogatories" are signed by Joseph Hopkinson, Nathaniel Mountney, Roger Gyffard, Nath. Wyche, and Thos. Joyce. Endorsed, "Recd from Surat by the Dutch, 1633." 6½ pp. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1477.]
Dec. 15. 359. Copy of above answer, with confirmation of the truth by John Hunter, dated aboard the Royal James 6th Feb. 1632–3. 7 pp. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1478.]
Dec. 17–19. 360. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Committees to confer with Mr. Thompson, who tendered his service last year and is again desirous to go in the place of a prime Factor if the conditions be answerable to his expectations. Ordered that the like sum be distributed this year as was the last to the poor of Stepney and other poor widows upon whom the Company have usually bestowed their benevolence for their relief and comfort against this blessed time now approaching, viz., 10l. to the Churchwardens of Stepney for the poor of Ratcliffe, Limehouse, and Blackwall, and 6l. to be distributed by Mr. Cappur to petitioners; and that 8 hhds. of beef, pork, and biscuit returned in the Palsgrave be distributed amongst the poor of Blackwall and Poplar as formerly hath been accustomed.
Dec. 19. Proposition of Mr. Smethwick that the Reformation be sent, after her unlading at Bantam, to Surat, and having discharged her cargazoone from Bantam, be reladen with pepper and other goods for the Red Sea where by advice from their Factors there is good profit to be made, so as by a stock of 5,000l. she may advance to the Company 20,000l.; the Court took in good part his devotion to the good of the Company, but after his departure some Committees having knowledge of certain passages lately happened in those parts which they held fit to conceal, thought it no way safe to be undertaken, especially by the Reformation, but rather by some other small ship from Surat. Again it was observed the dangers of that voyage, how some of their servants had been taken and long detained prisoners, and the infidelity and oppression of those Governors ready upon the least occasion to take all advantages and therefore concluded not to admit thereof till they receive advertisement from the Indies how their affairs stand. Ordered that their poor almsmen at Poplar should have a chaldron of sea coals against this blessed time and 20s. distributed amongst them. 3 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XIII., 153–155.]
Dec. 21. 361. Protest by George Willoughby, John Barnes, William Matthewe, and Thomas Grove, directed to President Joseph Hopkinson and Council. George Willoughby, appointed by the East India Company Agent of Bantam, having been called from his place by the late President Rastell, to the great damage of the Company without any cause given, and having arrived after 15 months' durance on the Royal James, has received some accusations which seem more particularly to concern Henry Sill and Christopher Reade than the Company's affairs; for answer whereof Willoughby desired perusal of writings taken from him at Bantam, which has not hitherto been granted. Willoughby expected they would have examined and proceeded "in taking away the bar of my, &c." unjust troubles from thwarting or hindering the prosperity of their employers affairs. The examination of the Company's cause for which Willoughby suffers he knows to be easy, concerning which he has given the Company per ship Palsgrave such ample advice as the want of his writings, taken by Skibbowe, would permit. His ability and willingness to do the Company service are well known, which caused their employing him in that eminent place, from which, for many abuses suffered, they required the return of President Geo. Muschamp. Had he been cleared on his arrival here, he would have been of quality to have given his best assistance for prosecuting the south trade which he was appointed to govern, and which no man in these parts knows better than himself. In their letter sent with the accusations of the 12th Dec., they require speedy answer against their next coming down, which has been done; if there be any mistake the fault is the want of his writings. President Rastell, who sent for him and the rest that unjustly suffer with him being deceased, with the major part of that Council, and President Hopkinson being much weakened by sickness, Willoughby in behalf of his Majesty and the Company requires them by a general consultation to consult whether they may or will examine this their employers' cause here, or refer it home to them; for in so needful a time of prosecuting the Company's affairs in the south factories, it is great pity that himself and other able servants should by false accusations be exempted from supplying those places to which the Company appointed them. Further, requires them timely to acquaint him with their intents and proceedings in this cause, and to send to the Company on the first ship all writings belonging to Henry Sill, being that he is deceased, that the Company may receive better satisfaction. It is now 23 days since he arrived and yet he sees no proceeding in this the Company's cause, and being the Royal James is lading for England, he knows not what they intend to do with him. It is not unknown to them how barely the south factories were left when, himself, John Hunter, William Matthewe, Thomas Grove, &c. were by this Presidency taken from their places to the great damage of the Company. Therefore he requires to be reestablished in his place of Agent at Bantam, if the Company have not ordered the contrary; but if they have, then to be sent for England in the Royal James, with all those that partake in this the Company's cause and sufferings. The accusations of Henry Sill, Christopher Reade, &c. ought to and may be reckoned as in their revenge, excuse, and particular respects, false; and the Company's affairs to be preferred before their particular desires, who may have recourse to the law in England, when they and those they suppose have wronged them shall meet there. Wherefore in case the President and Council deny or omit performance of the premises, the here-under subscribed protest against them for all losses and damages which may be sustained by his Majesty in his customs, the Company in their estates or trade, and themselves in their estates, reputations, and persons; wherein they intend nothing more than what they are in duty obliged to. 4 pp. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1479.]
Dec. 24. 362. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Gratuity of 10s. to James Valentine who received a hurt in his hand aboard the Jonas. Committees for pipestaves intreated to contract with Mr. Chambre who is now going for Ireland for the like proportion he made for them last year. Acton's bill to be paid. Report of Mr. Governor that Mr. Kirby had surrendered his interest in Blackwall to the Company, "so as however God should deal with him in respect of his health, "yet now their estate therein is secured." Bill of Bourne, the stationer, for 34l. 16s. 4d. for printing the Amboyna and other books to be paid. Request of Mr. Cobb for increase of salary refused, but gratified with 20l. for his extraordinary pains in keeping separate accounts of the voyages. Understanding there is a new warrant granted from the Lords to two messengers of his Majesty's Chamber for fetching up Collins and the Company's powder makers on pretence that they have made powder contrary to a late order of the Lords, the Court told the messengers there was doubtless some mistaking for they had an order from the Board authorising them to work in their mills till St. Thomas's Day last, but understanding there is stay made of said order by direction of some of the Board, the messengers were told that Mr. Sec. Coke should be attended about the business. Letter received from Mr. Hurt that he had never sued for any gratification for his 11 years service and therefore in regard of his yearly losses of at least 10l. by his disbursements, and of his danger during the late visitation and by the noisome smells his office is subject to, by the concourse of people of all sorts and conditions, and his great pains and care in keeping several accounts, he desires his salary of 80l. may be increased but the Court gratified him with 40l. but thought not fit to enlarge his salary. Robert Downes entertained under Factor at 30l. the first year and 10l. rising for four years. Mr. Edwards referred to the Auditors about broaks charged on his dividend. Henry Chapman and John Lewes, recommended by Messrs. Skinner and Fletcher as Factors, to be accepted if any fall off or there be occasion to enlarge the numbers. 2½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XIII., 156–158.]
Dec. 26. 363. Attestations by Thos. Watkins, George Becke, William Wright, and William Clarke, that on 26th Dec. the Master of the James not being aboard, they heard Mr. James tell Mr. Kennicott that he could not go ashore, whereupon he fell into an extreme of opprobrious and inveterate railing against James for about half an hour, said James not returning him one ill word. 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1480.]
Dec. 26.
Aboard the Royal James.
364. George Willoughby to the President and Council of Surat sent under cover of Capt. Wooddell (Weddell). They sent him some accusations the 12th current wishing answer to be in readiness against their next coming down, for exact answering whereof desired his writings for perusal, which has not been granted, yet the answer has been these many days ready, and as they seem not certain when to come, sends it by Capt. Wooddell, and with it a protest by which he has required such particulars as he conceives needfull in behalf of the prosperous prosecuting of the East India trade, that the Company may see that he has done his endeavour; the rest remains in them. Intreats them to take him and his actions into their serious considerations and friendly constructions. ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1481.]
(Dec. 27.) 365. Memorial of (Mr. Smethwike) to (Mr. Attorney-General). The Governor and Committees of the East India Company (being most of them Turkey merchants and swaying all things as they pleased from 1618 to 1628) employed the Company's stock, being then 1,900,000l. for 10 years, and then according to their valuation, having delivered 1,100,000l. to the adventurers, there was but 100,000l. remaining; which, with the future trade to India, some of them endeavoured to have bought from the rest of the adventurers, noblemen, gentlemen, widows, orphans, decayed persons, and others not understanding the affairs of the Company, at so low a rate as their gains would have been as great as they had formerly made the loss to the Company. But being crossed in this course, and by the importunity of some adventurers a fairer course being held in the managing of the Company's affairs than had been or was intended, and the church becoming at that time an adventurer in the said remainder of stock, in less than five years the said 100,000l. value has yielded 700,000l. These and like undue causes are coloured under pretence of want of stock to maintain the trade, and so the best part of the trade, to Japan and China, is wholly left off, and the rest maintained but to halves, and all because of the Turkey merchants, and now even the Persia trade is likely to be left off for their pleasure. Whereas at this time with great facility and content to the Company, might a sufficient stock be found to maintain an ample trade to Persia, Japan, China, and all other parts of India, to the enriching of the King, kingdom, and adventurers by the vent of much cloth and other native commodities, and importing of much treasure, now exported; all things conducing to a very prosperous progress of the Company's affairs, if well managed. It is desired that a motion to the Governor and Committees may be countenanced for the settling of a sufficient stock by uniting the separated voyages; that 500 or 1,000 cloths yearly may be sent to Japan as a trial for reassuming the trade there and in China, which, as the Presidents and Councils in India affirm, would be the summum bonum of all the East India trade; and that if any differences happen his Majesty's Attorney-General may hear both sides and reconcile them, or that such further course may be taken as shall be meet for a general good. Endorsed, "10ber 27, 1632. Mr. Smythwicke. To Mr. Attarnye." 1 p. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 104.]
Dec. 28. 366. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Resolved to continue their ancient custom of conferring New Year's gifts on such honourable persons and others as they have been accustomed to gratify at this time, and Mr. Deputy is desired, attended by the Secretary, to present them to their Lordships. Messrs. Gayre and Mustard appointed in the room of Mr. Kirby, deceased, to join Messrs. Highlord and Bownest in providing beef and pork for the ships. The Secretary directed to attend the Earl of Cleveland to know when he will appoint for Mr. Governor to wait on him to make a composition for confirmation of their estate in their housing and yard at Blackwall, occasioned by the death of Mr. Kirby, the last surviving feoffee. 1 p. [Ct. Min. Bk., XIII., 158, 159.]
Dec. 29.
Aboard the Royal James.
367. George Willoughby to Capt. John Weddell, Commander of the English fleet. Intreats him to advertise him whether he has sent or delivered to the President and Council answers to interrogatories, with their protest, and when and to whom he sent or delivered them, that he may advertise the Company thereof. ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1481.]
Dec. 30.
Ship Charles.
368. Capt. John Weddell to George Willoughby. Delivered his letter, answer to interrogatories, and protest to Nathaniel Mountney on 28th about 7 a.m., and about 9 a.m. the whole Council met, and it was propounded to take the business into consideration, to which Mountney replied that in regard the Company had referred the business to be examined by the President and Council at Surat, and that there were but two of them present, they would omit it till they went up, and then answer both his letter and protest. So much Weddell caused to be inserted in the consultation for his own discharge. ½ p. [O. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1481.]
Dec. 31.
369. Tho. Clarke to Tho. Colley, Merchant in Pettapoli. Has returned the small "screatore" and half piece of stuff, and is very glad if they answered expectation. Would desire him in lieu thereof to provide him a "chint" for a quilt, a piece of pillowbeers, and a dozen tops for caps. Prays him accept the screatore. The Agent will by the next conveyance send his box, and therein Dr. Hall, which he will remind him of. ½ p. [G. C., Vol. XIV., No. 1482.]
(1632 ?) 370. Attorney-General Sir Robert Heath on the means of preserving the honour, safety, and profit of the kingdom. We suffer in our profit, for merchants are discouraged, the East India Company especially, in which the whole kingdom will suffer. The remedy, amongst other things, is to countenance, especially at this time, the East India Company, who suffer intolerable injuries from the Hollanders, and dally in making promised restitution, but once they see we are in good earnest we should surely treat on better terms, and yet not make a breach with them. Endorsed, "Sir Robert Heath about the `honour, safety, and profit of the kingdom. [Extract from Dom., Chas. I., Vol. CCXXIX., No. 102.]
Petitions to the East India Company of Persons who solicit Employment, Increase of Wages, or Payment of Wages due to their Relatives, &c. in the Company's Service.
Date. Name of Petitioner. Subject of Petition. Reference.
July 13
John Powell Employment as Factor Court Min. B's.
XIII. 15
Aug. 7 Wm. Eaton The remain of his wages, and remission of freight on calicoes. " 35
" 15 Martha, widow of David Gelly, Purser in the Dove. Her husband's estate " 40
" " (Alexander) Bannister Employment as Factor " 41
" " (William) Budd Same " 41
" 31 Miles Fisher, late Boatswains Mate of the Palsgrave. Wages of his servant Wm. Jagles " 47
Sept. 5 John Carter His wages " 51
" " Thos. Wheatley Same " 51
" " John Shilling Same " 51
" 7 Mary Evans Part of her husband's wages " 53
" 19 John Powell, Purser of the Swan 10l. imprest to furnish him out to sea " 61
" " Jane,wife of Baptist Norris, baker at Surat. Part of her husband's wages " 61
" 26 Mr. Austen, Master of the Swan Three months imprestof his wages " 67
" " Barbary, widow of Richard Norbury. Money due to her husband " 67
" " Wm. Kennish, sailor Part of his wages to his aged father Richard Kennish. " 67
" " Wm. Blade, Coopoers Mate of the Palsgrave. Remission of freight " 67
" " Susn, widow of Richard Wolstead Same " 67
" 28 Mr. Bannister, Factor Part of his wages to his wife " 68
Oct. 3 Wm. Budd, Factor Enlargement of wages and a loan of 20l. " 70
" " Robert Litler, Factor Part of his wages to Stephen Burton. " 70
" " Wife of Wm. Wilkins Part of her husband's wages " 70
" 5 Mrs. Hoare 300l. the remains of 500l. returned by her husband in the Purser's book by the Swallow. " 73
" 12. Jane Spurling Part of her husband's wages " 85
Nov. 9 Abraham Smart Remissiono f freight " 108
" " John Fisher To be entertained apprentice " 108
" 23 Jane, wife of Matthew Smith Part of her husband's wages " 125
Dec. 3 Clement Norton Part wages deducted by Mr. Hoare " 141
" 17 Jane, wife of Thomas Bodman Part of her husband's wages " 153
" 24 JohnNewall, prisoner in the Gatehouse. Relief against this blessed time " 158
Transfers of Adventures in the East India Companpy.
Date. From To Amount. Name of Stock. Reference.
July 11
Wm. greenewell, Gent. Richard Mountney, Merchant. £
Second joint stock Court Min Bk. XIII.
Aug. 3 Thos., administrator to Edw. Buggs. John Langham 1,000 Same 32
" 7 John Dyke,mMerchant John Holloway, Esq. 5090 Second voyage 34
" " John Holloway John Massingberd 250 Same 25
Sept. 7 Susan Bland, executrix in John Bland, deceased. Thomas Northey, Merchant. 400 Joint stock 53
" 7 Same Same The 16th Division being £25. Same 53
" " Same Same 300 First Persia voyage. 53
" 22 John Watkin, Merchant Tho. Milward 225 Third joint stock 62
" " Thos. Morley John Trott 350 Same 63
" 24 John Clarke, Merchant Sir Wm. Acton, Knght and Bart. 400 Same 63
Oct. 10 Giles Martyn, deceased John Cordell, his executor. £462 10s. Second joint stock 80
" " Same Same 500 First Persia voyage. 80
" " Same Same 750 Second Persia voyage. 80
" " Same Same 750 Third Persia voyage. 80
" " John Awbrey, Girdler Wm. Gayre, Draper £412 10s. Third joint stock 81
" " Same Same £11 5s. 9d. Second joint stock 81
" " Same Same 800 First Persia voyage. 81
" " Same Same 300 Second Persia voyage. 81
" " Same Same 200 Third Persia voyage. 81
Dec. 17 Wm. Methwold George Page, Merchant. 300 First Persia voyage. 153
" " Henry Elsayes Same 450 Second Persia voyage. 153
Names of Persons admitted and sworn Free Brethren of the East India Company.
Date. Free Brethren. To whom Bound. By fine or otherwise. Reference.
July 6
John Bromechall Thomas Symonds, draper Service and 10s. to poor's box. Court Min. Bk. XIII.
July 27 Joseph Brand Thomas Trotter, salter Service and 40s. to poor's box. 25
Joseph Davies Richard Chambers, juur. " " 26
Aug. 1. Robert Austen Purchase 20l. 29
Wm. Honywood " "
" 7 Thos., son of Thos. Shipton Patrimony and 10s. to poor's box. 36
Oct. 10 Robert Perry Sheriff [Hugh] Perry Service and 10s. to poor's box. 80
Nov. 30 John Mun Giles Martyn, deceased " " 134
Dec. 19 Valentine Hide Richard Leate " " 155