East Indies: October 1630

Pages 54-70

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies and Persia, Volume 8, 1630-1634. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1892.

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October 1630

Oct. 1. 74. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Bill of Mr. Acton for law causes to be paid; gratuity of 40s. apiece to Dutchmen to defray their charges into Holland, passengers in the London, who had done good service. Ordered that 4 tons of saltpetre and 40l. in money be delivered to Mr. Collins, the Company's powder maker, without which as he alleged the mills will stand still. Examination of the complaint in the general letter from Bantam against Daniel White, Purser of the Mary, for concealing a bale of calicoes belonging to a Moor merchant. After being again seriously taken into consideration and further argued and debated it was resolved and ordered for this time only to give liberty to the adventurers to sell in town the pepper and other goods to be taken out on the 16th half capital, a thing never done before but once; the most material reasons to prevent the importation of pepper by the Hollanders, which otherwise would be done in such abundance as would much abase its price; that they are not likely to have any return of pepper by the next ships; and that hereby they can put off their goods at 20 months' time instead of three years. Ordered that the division be three parts pepper and one part cloves, with this caution that the whole quantity of both kinds be underwritten before the 10th of this month, and that the prices be 16d. per lb. for pepper and 8s. per lb. for cloves, which nevertheless is left to the determination of the General Court in the afternoon. Resolved to propound to the Generality the payment of the 14th half capital in money at Christmas come 12 months, and the 15th at Michaelmas following. Gratuity of 30s. to John Egerton, one of the farmers' deputies, who had discovered six bales of cinnamon and nine parcels of long pepper which should have been transported. Report that the London will require 250l. to make her serviceable for another voyage; ordered to set to work upon her with all expedition. Resolved not to hold any further treaty with Abraham Chamberlain concerning his quicksilver in barter for the Company's aloes succatrina, unless he accept the conditions offered. Job Harby to be paid what is due for coral sent on his adventure to the Indies and long since sold. Also that Thomas Johnson, Factor, returned in the London be paid 200l. part wages; and Mr. Tapp, for mariner's bonds. Friday next appointed to hear the complaints against George Muschampe, late President at Bantam. Report of Committee that they imparted to the Earl of Denbigh the Company's resolutions in answer to his Majesty's letter; that he promised to give a list of his servants, and also on his honour to be careful that nothing be done to put the Company to charge or to prejudice their trade in the least kind, assuring them that none of those he intends to carry with him had ever been so far at sea as the Cape; but his Lordship seemed much to distaste their request that he would accept the second ship, in regard he hath formerly been Admiral, Vice-Admiral, and Rear-Admiral of his Majesty's fleet, and is resolved in what ship soever he goes to bear the flag in the maintop. Gratuities of 10s. each to Jane, wife of John Bowne, who went in the Scout; and John Wright, mariner, "a painful poor man" who served the Company many years, and about 13 years since in the Ruby at Macassar lost the use of his left arm in fight with a junk, with order to Mr. Swanly to set him on work in the yard or shipboard. Hen. Smith appointed land purser on the Exchange. 5 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 45–49.]
Oct. 1. 75. Minutes of a General Court. Report of Mr. Governor that the cause of their meeting is first to render thanks to Almighty God for sending home in safety the ship London, laden with pepper and cloves, and next to acquaint them that the Court of Committees, after conference with the Accountants and Auditors as to how the Second Joint Stock stands, have concluded to deliver out the 16th half capital three parts in pepper and a quarter part in cloves, at 16d. per lb. for the pepper, and 8s. per lb. for the cloves. And to the end the Dutch may perceive the Company will not be driven out of the trade, and principally to prevent them from importing their pepper into this kingdom to serve the markets which they daily do by great quantities. They have condescended to, a thing never before done, to give liberty for this time only for the same to be sold in town or transported at pleasure, provided the whole quantity of pepper and cloves now returned in the London be all underwrit by the 10th Oct. inst., and that the pepper and cloves sold in town be first garbled at their peril. To a motion that the 14th and 15th half capitals be taken out in these commodities upon the same conditions was answered that if there be any lag of goods remaining the Court of Committees will not be against the motion, but that they conceive they have settled them in a better manner to the content of the Generality, viz.:—To be paid in money, the 14th at Christmas come 12 months, and the 15th at Michaelmas following, and for the 16th that those that come first with their warrants be first served, and those that cannot be supplied may take out calicoes or other goods remaining at indifferent prices, or stay their time to receive their 16th half capital in money when appointed. All which the Court held to be a very just and equal proceeding, and confirmed by erection of hands. Hereupon one of the Generality conceived the rates too high, especially for the pepper which the Dutch have sold at not above 12d. per lb., and he propounded that the price may be reduced to 15d.; which was strongly contradicted by divers of the Committees, it being at least 3,000l. loss to the Company, and injurious to such as stay for their money. An offer made by a Committee to take both the pepper and cloves at 16d. and 8s. per lb. at two years' outright not accepted. Whereupon after much arguing and dispute for deciding this question, it was put to the vote of the Court whether the price of 16d. per lb. be continued or reduced to 15d. per lb., when the major part of 68 were for 15d. and but 52 for 16d. Yet the Court rested not satisfied and put it again to the question 15d. or 15½d., and the price of 15d. per lb. was again confirmed. Lastly Mr. Governor reports that with a charge of 250l. for repairs the London will be serviceable for another voyage, and it was ordered that she go with the Palsgrave to Bantam to fetch the remains of the old stock. 3 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 50–52.]
Oct. 3.
The Persian Court.
76. William Burt to (? Edward Heynes and Factors at Ispahan). Must refer them to many passages as well concerning their own business as the Dutch proceedings until they meet. Remarks upon the firman obtained by the Dutch for 200 loads of silk for goods this year delivered to Mullaymbeage, and prays them to acquaint Mullaymbeage thereof, and advise him to detain the quantity delivered out of the 300 loads the Dutch expect to receive on last year's account, otherwise he may come short, for their own firmans are as well directed on the Vizier of Ispahan as on him, and the Dutch by their bribes may thwart him by making the Vizier partial. The rates of this year's cargazoon, for which the Dutch have procured firmans; a poor issue and worthy to be smiled at for an expense of not less than 700 or 800 tomans. The indiscreet management of the Dutch will produce their masters no small prejudice. Hopes their own masters shall have no such cause to complain. Absolute denial has been made to a motion of the Dutch for a contract for certain years; but hopes within few days to procure a contract with the King for a certain quantity of silk yearly, particularising also what quantity and quality of goods they will annually receive, and at what rates. Had he not many ancient friends among these noblemen, he could not draw any present conclusion of business, but hopes shortly to accomplish all and bring content with him. They will be forced to some rebate on tin, which stands at a very high rate, considering the low rates of silk and the small esteem Europe tin is in at present. Sends enclosed transcripts of five firmans from the King for our provision of 1,000 bales of silk, and will tomorrow dispeed the originals by two servants of the Khan and some of theirs for its more speedy obtaining. Is now endeavouring to accomplish a contract for future years; the trouble and vexation is inexpressible. Sends also transcripts of the firmans the Hollanders have procured, and desires all may be translated by John Antill and sent to the Company, that they may distinguish the different issues of the Dutch and their own endeavours. 1½ pp., with the title "Sections of a letter written from the Agent at Court." Encloses,
76. I. Translations of firmans from the King of Persia for procuring silk for the English. A firman to transport to Ispahan for the account of the English nation 17½ loads of the King's silk, paying the charges of carriage. "Given in the moon Safer, or month September. A° Mahometii 1040."
All the rest of the firmans are of this tenor, viz.:—On Coja David, a Jew, for 250 loads, Mirza Tucky for 200, Doud Chon for 17½, and Mahomett Allabeage, Vizier of Cashon [? Kashan] for 14, total 499 loads. "The King's firman on Mahomett Tuckey, however, being somewhat different, is here translated verbatim."
Firman to Mirza Mahomett Tuckey, supreme Vizier of Ghilan, to transport to Ispahan, for the account of the English nation, 200 loads of his Majesty's silk which he has in his custody, as he has informed, part in Ghilan and part already in Ispahan; and since it is no less needful than honourable to continue this trade with these Christian nations, if there be more than those 200 loads ready, he is to bring them likewise to Ispahan, giving account of principal and charges to his Majesty's mustaphie or royal accountant general. Togetherpp. [O. C., Vol. XII., Nos. 1315, 1316.]
Oct. 4–6. 77. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Ordered to deliver out warrants to the underwriters for pepper and cloves for the 16th half capital, it appearing by the book of subscription that there is underwrit for 60,000l.; and those (if any) that cannot be supplied to take out calicoes and other goods, or be satisfied in money when ordered to be paid. The freight of 300 weight of long pepper sent as a token from her husband remitted to Joane, wife of John Stamper, master of the Falcon, in regard it is a commodity the Company deal not in. Gratuity of 40s. to Thomas Wotton, formerly an adventurer for 600l., and who in a voyage to the Straits was taken by the Turks and lost all. Freight remitted to Jacob Cotenseau, and the like to Margery, wife of Nicholas Norbury. Katharine Fells to pay 10l. freight for long pepper, round pepper, sugar, and cloves. Arthur Fowkes, returned Factor in the London, to have some small commodities contained in his chest without freight; also John Kingston, Purser of the London, save the cloves to be brought into the Company's house. 500l. to be paid to Mr. Greeneway, the Company's baker, for biscuit. Constantine Woodroffe and Henry Leake to pay freight for part of their goods brought home in the London.
Oct. 6. Gratuity of 20s. to William Clement, who went out apprentice in the Discovery and served five years without wages. Whereas there is 10,000l. more underwrit than pepper and cloves to divide, committees are appointed to set an indifferent valuation on the remain of calicoes and other goods in the house, to be divided to such as cannot be supplied with pepper and cloves. Freight remitted to George Browne, master of the London, of 160 lb. weight of long pepper, also to Francis Towers for all but 100 weight of his 250 lb. weight of long pepper. Request of Mr. Ruddyard for leave to sell in town three bags of pepper; the Court are inclined on payment of 5s. per bag to the poor's box, but deferred answer until informed how many bags are taken out. Grant of 50l. to Capt. Richard Plumleigh, Commander of H.M. ship Convertive, for wafting the London from Plymouth to the Downs, being informed that they gratified Capt. Bond with that amount upon the like occasion. John Harrison's broke for not shipping out three bags of pepper to be taken off on his presenting a certificate from the Custom House that cleared the same, and warrant for his 16th half capital to be delivered. Petition of Elizabeth, widow of Robert Briarley, for remission of freight of 250 lb. of cloves, ordered to give her 6s. per lb. for the cloves, and to repay her 6l. paid for custom, she having lost her husband in the Company's service. Francis Butcher, who came home in the London, ordered to pay freight for 200 lb. long pepper, but not for 100 lb. Benjamin and 25 pieces of broad cloth. The wages of John Bull, a sailor, to be paid. Petition of William White, mate of the London, for remission of freight on 100 weight white pepper and 400 weight Macassar wood, freight of the pepper remitted; also of small quantities of long pepper brought home as tokens to Mrs. Robinson, and to the sisters and children of Raph Colston, and to Anne Mason. 4½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 53–57.]
Oct. 6.
From the Ordoe or Persian Army, four days' journey from Bagdad.
78. (Agent William Burt) to (the East India Company). Wrote November past by a "propria" to Aleppo, which he understands safely arrived with the Consul and was dispeeded by sea; since which has written by four several conveyances, the last by express directed to any English Ambassador or Consul in Turkey, advising the safe arrival of the Charles' fleet at Gombroon, landing their cavidal, and return for Surat. Has been in the Persian camp, about 15 days' journey from Ispahan, 55 days, and fears he shall spend a month more before he will make any reasonable end with this faithless Prince and his Council. Their cavidal, both of goods and money (unless some part in barter at port, and sold at Shiraz) was fully delivered to Mullaymbeage, the King's Treasurer, according to the contract made last year. Procured in January past the King's firmans for silks to be brought from Ghilan to Ispahan, but was frustrated by a rebellion there, the whole country joining with a pretender, and the rebels breaking open the King's warehouses of silk and seizing what they found. The Emperor of Russia's merchants there were robbed of near 15,000 tomans, for which to small effect they are pretending satisfaction, the King answering that they did but share with his own fortune. This tempest was soon calmed, for the King himself advanced thither, the rebels were surprised and betrayed the principal actors, who ended the tragedy by being broiled to death on gridirons. The country now in peace, but not a tenth of the King's silk to be found; who were the greater thieves, the faction or the King's forces is disputable. Obtained in June ensuing second firmans, but was answered that one-third of the quantity required could not be collected this year; so having only received from the Treasurer 90 small bales, he immediately with his Majesty's letter repaired to the King; Mr. Heynes remaining in Ispahan, to solicit the Treasurer that as silks came to his hands they might not be frustrated of their shares by the Dutch; who have much advantage against them; but hitherto what silks have arrived remain in the Treasurer's custody. Delivered the fourth day after his arrival his Majesty's letter which was graciously received by the Emperor, and the fifth a present was agreed upon in consultation. Obtained the contract last year through the intervention of the King's Vizier and the General of all his forces, a man of 80 years, and principal manager of all the King's affairs, the deceased King's favourite, and Mullaymbeage, his Treasurer. Zinall Chon was a few days since cautelously drawn from his army to a banquet with the King, where by the King's own hands he was slain; Abull Cossumbeage the General, with his two sons fled, but was cut to pieces on the way, his sons obtaining one of their sanctuaries; Mahomet Allibeage, the late King's favourite, is by an honourable neglect sent Ambassador for India; and Mullaymbeage they fear too singly left to maintain himself. It is divulged to feed the vulgar that Zinall Chon with his faction was to have seized the King, but understanding men condole this new green upstart's government. Could make ampler relations not fitting here to be inserted. This was no small distraction to their affairs, for whatever business had been passed by favour of the deceased was now brought in question, and the contract lately made with the old King, was censured to be too partially concluded to the King's prejudice, and Burt was taxed before the King to have been too unfriendly in the proceeding, but the King honourably replied that his zeal to his employers merited commendations. Earnestly solicited his Majesty's compliance, not telling to intimate how his honour stood engaged, transcript of the contract having been sent to the King of England. The King acknowledged the contract had passed his seal through confidence in his Ministers, but he now found they had been corrupted by bribes to the abuse both of his honour and their expectations, they well knowing that the rebels of Ghilan had seized the old stores, and that what other places afforded was sold off to supply soldiers. In fine it was found impossible to comply with this year's cavidall, which exceeded what had been imported in seven former years, and the business was referred to his Council, from whom, with Heaven best knows what travail, care, bribes, and even soul's vexation, this issue was obtained; to take out this year's cavidall to the value of 20,300 tomans, to wit, all the broadcloth, kerseys, with one-fourth moneys, and the rest in tin at the prices named, the King to deliver 200 loads of Ghilan silk at 37 tomans the load in Ispahan, and 300 loads of Shirwan at 43 tom. the load; more of Ghilan is not at present to be obtained. Has sent two special servants of the Duke of Shiraz with two of their own with the King's firmans on Ghilan and Ardeveile for these 500 loads, and questions not the whole will be delivered timely enough though somewhat late. The rest of this year's cavidall to remain in the King's hands till next year, which he has ordered in tin, as they would have received prejudice in cloth, being ill-conditioned and extremely coarse. Was urged by the Council to desist at present making any further motion of a contract for future years, they vowing that the King's wars required the utmost penny of his revenues, of which the tythes of silk were the main staff; the Turk being within six days' journey besieging the Castle of Bagdad with at least 300,000 men, the Usbeg Tartar in arms against Chorassan, and advice from India for re-enforcing Candahar, which the new King Kharome intends speedily to besiege. But made it plainly appear that the quantity of cloth they annually imported would be necessary, and be accepted by the soldiers in part of their pay, and in issue obtained a contract for two years more to the amount of 800 bales of Ghilan silk yearly at 40 tomands the load delivered at Ispahan free of charge, they to import broadcloth and tin at the prices named. Had not the King and two or three old friends stood by him, would have been in the case the Hollanders are in, who have spent at least 700 tom., and yet are not likely to obtain satisfaction for last year's goods, and for any further contract the King has absolutely denied it. Is humble suitor to the Company to expect his return at the end of his covenanted time, his body is weakened by continual travel and restless care amongst these base people, and his mind through discontent somewhat distracted "by the base, inhumane, depraved nature of your now Wylde President at Surat, who knowing no conscience in his actions there, labours as soullessly by depraving false calumnious scandals to disfame other mens worth and merits by all unjust means whatsoever," but knows his own services will be better manifested in future than at present. Dare not advise them to make any enlargement of European goods beyond the quantities advertised, in hope of sales to merchants. The price at which tin through the excessive quantity brought from India is now retailed in Ispahan, little or none should be sent in the next cargazoon, but its amount supplied by broadcloth. No vent for perpetuanas, and fear they will be forced to return these to Surat. If the Company would enlarge this commerce, it must be done by investments in India according to their annual advices to the Factors there, and the Company will also do well strictly to enjoin the Factors to prohibit lading any of the kinds sent for the Company's account, such commodities will imburse ready moneys with which silk can be procured far more reasonably than of the King, and without the fraud his Ministers use by their unconscionable wetting and false weighing. Prays God they be not called to account about the coarseness of the cloth, the Hollanders delivering at the same rates a sort exceeding theirs at least 3l. in a cloth; and intreats them not to meddle with such sorts. The plenty and extraordinary cheapness of silk in Turkey occurred through underhand sales of the stolen silk of Ghilan; as also from the King's license to his subjects for buying and transporting silk free from all impositions; a favour granted to gain the affection of his vassalls, the old King exacting for every load bought 4 tomans, and transported 8; but this will not long continue. Acquainted the King how honourable and profitable it would be to restore the commerce of Ormuz, and earnestly solicited transport of silk to Bandar Gombroone, which was attentively received, the King answering that he hoped time would afford him means to effect it. His remarks on the Turkey trade; also on the frauds practised in the weighing and managing of the silk. Cares and discontents have almost unmanned him. Has received their several letters and the section ensuing—"Let not 2,123l. 4s. 0d. seem small in your eyes, but take it seriously to your considerations and care to find out the error and fraud and procure us restitution, for in few words, you were either too remiss in looking to the weight thereof, or the fraud was mistical." "Your mistical tax even moved my soul to passion, it being a wrong course to move honest men to diligence and faithfulness." Cannot deny the Company that the Dutch have found loss as did the King, by the silk he sent for England, but to this the Company answered why should Mr. Benthall's silk hold out weight and not theirs. Mr. Benthall can best resolve the Company. Describes the course of weighing, receiving, rebinding, and marking the silk; four of their principal servants always at the scale, was himself only at the weighing of 200 bales, sickness having kept him near two months in his bed. Confidently thinks Mr. Benthall would not rob them of a thread, unless as, viz., being at the weighing of the whole parcel he might when he found a bale well conditioned and well weighed mark it for himself, a facile thing in that manner to pick out 20 in 800; so far as this reaches thinks he may be guilty. Prays God the small quantities received these last two years fall out no worse than the Williams' did, for both the Dutch and they have found the silk very wet and ill conditioned, and made many complaints with no redress. The silk is laid on the bare earth in the King's warehouses, which are commonly watered every two days. Has made complaint, the Dutch doing the like; the issue obtained through bribes and friends is that when they receive any silk the Vizier of Ispahan and two Ministers of the Khan of Shiraz are to be present, to whom the silk is to be delivered to be warehoused, and not to the Treasurer, and the doors to be sealed and not opened but with joint consent. Has written to Mr. Heynes to send them the weights of silk received since his arrival here, and to finish both last and this year's accounts with the Treasurer. Contrasts his own conduct with what his successors will have to be. Assure yourselves we are heartily sorry to see the abuses we cannot amend. This nation held by all travellers to be the most perfidious and difficult to be drawn and maintained in reason of all barbarians. Had confidence that his diligence would have induced more encouraging expressions. It is no small travail to follow a camp three months, in a barren country, with at least 200,000 men in field. Refers to Mr. Heynes's advices concerning his proceedings with Mullaymbeage. Concerning his own, will send transcripts and translations of all firmans. If the times were better settled in these parts durst presume to draw more contentful issues, for he finds the King's favour great and very nobly inclined. Laid a strong siege for the Dutch's customs, which assuredly time will give the Company. Mr. Loftus left in Bandar, has paid his debt to nature, leaving the Custom House business in rude distraction. Here are many very sickly in the factory. Loan to the Khan of Shiraz who writes from the army to the Dutch and themselves to be repaid this year out of the Customs of Bandar. The Portugal questionless intends to fight this year, has obtained firman to furnish their ships if need require with 200 small shot. Has received a letter from them viâ Russia of old date; that conveyance will serve them little, being uncertain and tedious. Caused the Russian Ambassador to be demanded before the King, why his master permitted not the Franks trade through his country to these parts: his answer was as brutish as himself, he would not. Their worthy acceptation of his labour, pains, and vexation will give him far more encouragement than any mercenary satisfaction can do. Craves pardon if he has been too bold; his indisposition of health, the tedious delays of these people, but especially their seeming distrust of his faithfulness, have most moved passion. Has dispeeded those by a propria who obliges himself to deliver them in Aleppo within 50 days, and has written the Consul for their speedy dispatch, that they may arrive before the next fleet's setting forth.
Postscript.—Were this State a little better settled and at quiet, durst presume to settle business here, for he finds the King very propitious and noble. Has made the King very sensible of the Company's past services, and how much their annual repair concerns him. This gladded the Duke (of Shiraz) to the heart, for he also is very silent in these times. It did stick somewhat heavy on their stomachs to see the King's silks brought from 50 to 37 and 40; to the latter he was forced to yield, but there is hope of bringing it to 37 again. Desires them to put in execution his advice for Indian commodities. Has sent (to India) a list of the sorts they may send these two or three years, and which will never fail to give large profit. Finds the weight of a maundshaw to be just the weight of 210 R. of 8. These letters were begun some days before he had finished with the King, who being in drink eight or ten days together, comes not abroad; which is the occasion of their so long detention. Endorsed, "Rec. overland 11 April 1632, the rebels robbed the King of his silk." 10 pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1317.]
Oct. 8 to Nov. 6. 79. Translation of the contract and firmans obtained from the Emperor of Persia by Agent Burt in 1630. The King's firman for not paying any brokerage. "Given in the moon Rabbiallavell, a° 1040."
The King's firman on Mahomett Tuckey, Grand Vizier of Ghilan, for timely providing 400 loads of silk for two years.
The King's firman for 1 md tare on a load of silk.
The King's firman for all Ambassadors and merchants to pay Customs at Gombroon, except they can produce the royal mandate to the contrary.
The Khan's firman to the Sultan and Shabander (of Gombroone) to assist the English in all needfull offices.
The King's firman to the Vizier of Ispahan to deliver to the English 500 loads of silk.
The contract to deliver to the English in 1631 and 1632, 400 loads of Ghilan silk in each year of the weight and price named, one quarter in money and three-quarters in English commodities of the sorts and prices named; broadcloth, kersies, and English tin.
The King's contract to the Vizier of Ispahan concerning the above contract.
Postscript.—After writing hereof his Majesty has been informed of the great loss he shall sustain in the tin, and therefore commands him to account it at 56 sha. the md shaw, and if the Franks accept it not, to deliver it them all back. Endorsed, "Rec. in ye Persia packet overland to Const and Venice 4 Junii 1632." 4; pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1321.]
Westminster. 80. King Charles I. to Shah Sefi 1st, Emperor of Persia. Expresses sorrow at the heavy news of the late departure of the great Lord Abbas, the Emperor's glorious predecessor, but our grief gave place to joy on hearing that a Prince so hopeful, so beloved, and so admired succeeded to his throne; congratulates his happy inauguration, and wishes that in prosperity and renown he may excel the famous Kings who have ruled Persia from Cyrus. Has a great desire to increase their amity and correspondence, the fruit whereof may be mutual to them both, and to their subjects by the enlargement of their trade in the Emperor's countries, and if he shall please to ratify the privileges granted to the merchants and the late contract made with them, and shall enlarge his favour by taking order that his silks and commodities may be delivered in his ports for the shortening of their voyage his Majesty will accept it as a benefit, and will endeavour to requite it by causing them to enlarge their adventures to the increase of the Emperor's profit, and of his honour in all the world. And his Majesty recommends to him Capt. William Burt as his agent, and that it may please him on all occasions for his Majesty's service and for the dispatch of the important affairs of the merchants to admit him to the Imperial presence, and give him credit, protection, and expedition, which his Majesty will esteem as done to himself. 3 pp. [Turkey Corresp. Ancient Royal Letters, 1st Series, p. 183.]
81. Shah Sefi 1st, Emperor of Persia, to King Charles 1st. Acknowledges his Majesty's letters by his Agent Capt. Wm. Burt to his grandfather [Shah Abbas], now in Paradise, the loving contents of which made the Emperor understand that it was framed upon the declaration of kindness and the good disposition of his Majesty was occasion of great contentment to the Emperor, which he fully returns, the said Captain having experienced this love by receiving many honourable favors and privileges. Has commanded his Ministers to comply with the English merchants in going and coming after the speediest and most perfect manner and to further in all matters the bonds of unity and concord which have hitherto existed between his Majesty and the Emperor's grandfather and to confirm and every day more and more to increase the same. His ports are always open both to the commerce and embassies of the English nation at any time that they have business and affairs in these parts. Endorsed, "This received by the ship Discovery 1631." 1½ pp. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1352.]
Oct. 8–13. 82. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Mr. Ruddyard and others who have lost much by the long lying of pepper on their hands to be allowed to sell it in town, paying 5s. per bag to the Poor's Box, as also all that have not yet taken out their pepper. Election of Commanders and Masters for the six ships now to be set forth; Capts. John Hall and James Slade the fittest to compete for the place of Admiral, Capt. Slade elected by the ballotting box by 13 balls to 8, so resolved he go Admiral to the northwards with the Mary, Exchange, and Speedwell, and Capt. Hall, Admiral of the Palsgrave and London to the southwards, each to have 20 nobles per month wages, with 100 marks to set them to sea. Consideration of Capt. Slade's service in taking the cinnamon prize deferred. Capt. Pynne elected Commander of the Exchange and Vice-Admiral under Capt. Slade at 10l. per month and 20 marks to set him to sea, and Robert Smith, Master, at 6l. per month; Wm. Mynors, Commander of the Speedwell, and Rear Admiral at 6l. per month; Thomas Watts, Commander of the Hopewell, appointed for the coast of Coromandel at 7l. per month; John Pashly, Master of the Mary, at 6l. per month; Edward Austen, Master of the Palsgrave, at 5l. per month; and Mr. Allnutt, Commander of the London, but as he did not seem satisfied with 8l. per month, in regard 10l. had been given to some whom he pretended to be no more worthy than himself he was wished to deliver his resolution against Friday next. Six persons nominated for Pursers and Purser's Mates; the Auditors and Accountants to inquire whether they came home without complaint. Mr. Leate to receive his 16th half capital in pepper and cloves there being due to him for dividends not taken out as much as will satisfy his debt to the Company.
Oct. 13. One hundred pounds to be paid to Mr. Woodall over and above the 100l. lately imprested to him for provision of Surgeon's chests; also the monies due to John Miller, who came home Surgeon of the London. Ordered that 200 pigs of lead be forthwith put aboard the Hopewell for kintledge. Request of Mr. Swanley to go Commander of the London, pretending his allowance from the Company did not give him the means of livelyhood; the Court unwilling in respect of his fitness for his present place to part with him, ordered his salary to be increased 30l. per annum. Payment to Capt. Pynn of 100l. on account of his wages. Election of Pursers, Purser's Mates, Stewards, and Steward's Mates. The Pursers elected: John Smith of the Mary, Wm. Slade of the Exchange, Richard Heigham of the Speedwell, George Williamson of the Palsgrave, Thomas Reynolds of the London, and Robert Bloys of the Hopewell. Purser's Mates: Henry Oulton of the Mary, Job Medly of the Exchange, John Hiller of the Speedwell, Thomas Fenn of the Palsgrave, Robert Derham of the London, and Robert Bragg of the Hopewell. Stewards and Steward's Mates: Richard Smith and John Strongitharme of the Mary, Thomas Horne and Wm. Burrowes of the Exchange, Richard Weld and Derrick Curtis of the Speedwell, Lewkenor Petly and Thomas Wallis of the Palsgrave, Constantine Woodroffe and John Daunser of the London, and Edward Leversage and Richard Fitch of the Hopewell. 5 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 57–61.]
Oct. 13.
Aboard the Ship Royal James.
83. Consultation held aboard the Royal James. Having to the uttermost endeavoured the accomplishment of the designs agreed upon in consultation by the President and his Council 25th Sept. last; for preventing the attempts of the enemy and safe landing their cargazoon, it is ordered, if no opposition be made by the President, (1) that they make all possible haste to anchor in Port Swally; (2) that the Discovery go ahead of the fleet into the Road and ride the northernmost, the William next, the Reformation third, and the Royal James fourth; (3) that the Blessing ride southernmost with the three country boats ahead of her to apprehend the enemy's fire boats. Signed by Math. Morton, John Bickell, Mat. Wills, Mich. Greene, Will. Morris, John Roberts, Thos. Beaumont, Thos. Waller, John Vian, John Yarde, Ri. Barry, and Fran. Stockton. 1 p. [O. C., Vol. XII., No. 1318.]
Oct. 15–22. 84. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Mr. Allnutt entertained Commander of the London at 9l. per month. Abell Brooman discharged of the imprest money of Richard Cawsy, who was entertained in the London but falling sick at Gravesend died and was buried at Stepney a month before the departure of the ship. The Earl of Denbigh, accompanied by Sir Thos. Roe and Sir John Watts, came to the Court in person, and having taken their places, his Lordship, in answer to Mr. Governor who caused his Majesty's letter to the Company on his Lordship's behalf to be read, declared that he had nothing more to propound than what was mentioned in his Majesty's letter, from which he would not digress a little, assuring them upon his honour that he intends not to prejudice them in the least kind, being ready, if they shall make any doubt, to give full satisfaction. In reply to Mr. Governor in what condition and quality he intends to go, whether as Ambassador or as a private person, his Lordship said it is true he purposeth to carry letters of recommendation from his Majesty to the Great Mogul and to the King of Persia, whose Courts he intends to visit, but not to go as an Ambassador but as a volunteer, who desired only to see those countries; that his train shall not exceed the number of six mentioned in his Majesty's letter, but he cannot at present give their names; that he has no thought of carrying any that have been in the Indies. Lastly, that he could not with his honour give way to going in the second ship but did and doth expect that in what ship soever he goes she shall carry the flag in the maintop, but he faithfully promised that his going in the Admiral should be no hindrance to the consultations aboard her, for upon those occasions he will at all times leave them the great cabin and dispose himself elsewhere. Whereupon the Court, observing his Lordship strongly to persist in this resolution, thought fit to give way to this particular and let him know how ready they are to accommodate him according to his Majesty's letter, or in what ever else they may, so as it tended not to the prejudice of their trade or extraordinary charge, of which his Lordship seemed to be most tender. Mr. Governor then put him in mind that they intend to dispeed the ships about the last of December and therefore desired that his provisions be timely put aboard so the ships be not forced to stay for them. Consideration of the commodities most fit for lading the Hopewell to be dispeeded for the coast of Coromandel by the end of next month; resolved to send in her 500 lb. of quicksilver, 500 lb. of vermilion, 20 cloths, 5,000l. in gold, and one chest of ryals and for other goods to make up her lading. Committees to have conference with Messrs. Brewen and Johnson who had been employed in those parts for their advice. Messenger from Lord Dorchester to summon a Committee to wait upon the Lords of the Council at Hampton Court on Sunday afternoon, which is conceived to be upon the petition of the Amboyna witnesses to his Majesty. Petition of Mr. Leate showing his losses by a bargain of Benjamin bought of the Company in Feb. 1625–6 amounting to 5,673l. 14s. 2d., a parcel whereof amounting to 2,013l. 17s. was not worth half the money, the greatest part being dirt, praying that the sum of 500l. remaining unpaid be remitted. Mr. Leate's allegations having been confirmed by Sir Thos. Roe, late Ambassador in Constantinople, now by accident present in Court and by Mr. Treasurer, it was resolved to abate 300l. which he thankfully acknowledged. Consideration of a collection in writing presented by Edward Collins, the Company's powder maker, of his losses and hindrances since he undertook the work; and whereas he made request for abatement of his rent of 200l., the Court would not alter his contract yet thought meet and ordered to gratify him with 100l. yearly from Michaelmas last, during pleasure, to be defalked quarterly out of his rent. Peter Petts desirous to treat for the Company's yard at Deptford, referred to Committees. Wm. Clemens to be provided with a suit of apparel besides the 20s. formerly given him for his five years' service. Ordered that Tho. Winter receive the 40s. stayed out of his wages, as he was sick and did not wilfully neglect the ship at Plymouth.
Oct. 20. Freight of 250 lbs. of long pepper remitted to Francis Towers, who came home in the London. Report by Mr. Governor that Mr. Burlamachi wished his attendance to be excused this day about perfecting his accounts by reason of other important business, whereupon Committees were appointed to examine and report upon the contracts made with him. Bill of Mr. Cappur's for moneys disbursed to be paid. Proposition of Mr. Muns that forasmuch as he finds that the cavidal sent out last year for the second voyage will produce a greater return than can be brought home in the ships James, William, and Blessing then sent, a ship of 400 or 500 tons be freighted to bring home the remain of the stock, as well as for their better strength to resist the Portugal. But after full debate it was found that the sending forth of a ship could not come to a less charge than 20,000l. or 25,000l., which must be taken up at interest, and as there was no cause to fear the Portugals, resolved not to set forth any more ships on that voyage, in regard it is hoped the Charles may take in any remain of goods. Motion by Ald. Freeman to have the use of the Company's warehouse at Blackwall for stowage of his cordage; offered the house at Deptford, there being no room to spare at Blackwall. Commodities sent by Mr. Hoare, President at Bantam, as tokens to his wife and other friends, to pay freight, being too great to pass as tokens. Mr. Holloway to have warrants for his 16th division in pepper and cloves. The freight of 200 weight of long pepper remitted to Richard Munck, who went out master of the Dove. List of suitors for Factors' places examined to stand in election at next Court; amongst them Mr. Fotherby, who in examination excused himself for not perfecting his accounts, and declared the reasons. The Court holding him an honest and able man, yet considering his accounts are not cleared, desired him to be content to continue in his place, for at present they cannot possibly spare him. As to his request for increase of salary, the Court promised that for this year his salary shall be made certain to him, and not be subject to alteration or abatement as of late, howsoever their occasions in the yard shall increase or lessen.
Oct. 22. Information of Mr. Clarke that one of the Custom House, whose name he wished concealed, had discovered 28 bags of pepper which should have been transported; to be paid 5s. for every bag. Information of Ald. Garway that by reason of the great quantity of quicksilver bought up by mariners and others that are to proceed on the voyage the price is risen 6d. per lb. Mr. Barlow to be written to to provide quicksilver at Amsterdam to the value of 1,000l., and to send it over with all expedition. A writing to be set up on the mainmast of each ship giving notice that the Company will buy any quicksilver aboard belonging to private men, and that all refused will be absolutely seized as the Company's own, if discovered either here or in the Indies. Letter to be written to the Consul at Aleppo that when he receives letters for the Company from Persia to open them, transcribe three copies, and send them for England by several conveyances. Ordered that warrants for divisions be not detained from Mr. Burlamachi and Mr. Fowkes, in regard the former is now clearing his account, and that the Company's difference with the latter, who is surety with Mr. Bonneale for 2,000l. worth of saltpetre, is to be decided in Chancery. Arthur Fowkes, returned Factor in the London, to receive his wages and debts due, there being no exception against him. Richard Watson, cooper in the London, remitted the freight of 200 weight of pepper, but to pay for the rest of his goods. Henry Leake is also remitted freight for 200 weight of long pepper. 18 Factors nominated to stand in election, the following chosen in case the Court can agree with them for their entertainment and wages, viz.:—Roger Gifford, Emanuel Altham, Richard Crofts, Richard Barnaby, Richard Allen, Wm. Fall, Edward Prescott, Richard Hudson, Jeremy Sprott, John Reeve, John Downe, Edward Sherburne, and Edward Knipe. 12 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 62–73.]
[1630. Oct. 24.] 85. Petition of the East India Company to the King. Intend to dispeed before March next six good ships for Persia and the Indies, viz.:—the Mary, Exchange, Speedwell, and Hopewell for the northwards, and the Palsgrave and London for Bantam and the southwards, laden for the most part with cloth, tin, lead, and other native commodities. Pray for license to buy and transport 30,000l. in foreign gold, to make up what cannot speedily be furnished in English gold. Underwritten, Warrant from Sec. Coke to the Attorney-General to prepare a grant for the King's signature accordingly. Hampton Court, 24 Oct. 1630. The King's license is dated 6 Nov. see No. 90. 1 p. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 82.]
Oct. 27. 86. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Gratuity of 15s. bestowed on John Carter, whose ribs were bruised by the fall of a sow of lead aboard the Exchange. Petition of John Powell, Ephraim Ramsey, and John Beaumont, the Amboyna witnesses, to continue their former allowance of 10s. each weekly, having spent their estates in prosecuting the complaint against the Dutch; the Court sharply reprehended them for their lavish and exorbitant expenses brought upon the Company during their late abode in Holland, but forasmuch as it is hoped that this cause will shortly receive some determination, they thought fit to order continuance of their former allowance of 10s. per week for six months to come, provided that for the same they be at all times ready to do the Company service. John Sherland, recommended by Sir Robert Ducy, Lord Mayor, and others as an honest and civil man, an excellent accountant, and able to translate anything out of Dutch into English, agreed with to serve as Factor for five years at 50l. per annum. Mr. Gifford offered entertainment as a prime Factor for five years at 100l. for the first year and 150l. per annum for the other four years, but to yield to his own demand of 200l. per annum, the Court will by no means condescend unto; he answered that their offer is not such as can make him cheerfully embrace the service, and therefore he desired a respite to consider thereof. The following Factors agreed with for five years or for so much thereof as the Court think fit, viz.:—Richard Crofts, appointed Factor at Jambi, at 80l. per annum; Emanuel Altham, Factor and Captain of the Fort at Armagon, 50l.; Richard Allen, Under Factor for the southwards, 35l.; Edward Sherburne, for Surat, 25l.; William Fall, for Persia, 40l.; Edward Prescott and Edward [? Rich.] Hudson, for Masulipatam, 30l. each; John Downes, for Persia, 100 nobles; Jeremy Sprott, for Bantam, 30l.; John Reeve, for Masulipatam, 50l.; Edward Knipe, for Persia, 25l.; and Richard Barnaby, for Surat, 60l. The men entertained for the Hopewell to receive their imprest money. New masts ordered to be put into the London. Ordered to deliver out calicoes to those adventurers that cannot be supplied their 16th half capital in pepper and cloves, with liberty to sell in town or transport at their pleasures. Gratuity of 40s. to Charles Charles, Mr. Hurt's clerk, by reason of sickness. 3 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk., XII., 74–76.]
(Oct.) 87. A relation of the fight between the English and Portugals of Surat. On 14th of October the English fleet returned and "got into the hole of Swally," but next day were visited again by their old disturbers, who, whilst we were landing our treasure, landed divers soldiers with seeming intent to intercept it. On Sunday [17th] the Vice-King's son [Don Francisco Continho] with Capt. Meere, 150 soldiers, and colours flying came ashore again approaching nearer our tents in a braving manner, and soon enticed us to send an answerable strength of our boldest musketeers under Capt. Morton, Mr. Wills, Capt. Greene, and Mr. Morris, who divided themselves into three squadrons. The Portugals spread themselves the full length of all their frigates which they had contrived close along the shore to terrify ours with their great ordnance and harquebusses, but such was the undauntedness of our English, stirred up to a high measure of fury, that being come within shot and not being able to endure the obstinate rage of our people the Portugals gave ground, and were followed pell meil with great slaughter both on shore and at sea, many of our English not fearing to run up to the chin in water even to the frigate's sides. The Vice-King's son so narrowly escaped that the party who provided for his safety was taken prisoner, together with 27 others; our loss not more than one ancient man (a corporal) suffocated with heat, and seven wounded. This was happily performed in the sight of Mirza Balker and divers of this country people to their great admiration and our nation's great honour. Next day, to their great shame, the Portugals were constrained to leave their port, and on the 24th being Sunday they put in execution their main stratagem in firing their four prepared vessels chained together for the destruction of our fleet, but the vigilance of our people directed by the Divine Providence of our Great Protector prevented the mischief, two boats still burning were towed on shore and two on the sands, to the shame of our malicious enemies. 2 pp. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 83.]