Elizabeth: July 1572, 1-15

Pages 140-149

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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July 1572, 1-15

July 28. 451. News from Italy.
Rome, 28 June.—Intended departure of the Duke of Parma from Rome, who hopes to have the command in Italy in the event of a war between France and Spain. Messina, 20 June. —Don John of Austria at Messina.
Endd. Italian. P. 2/3.
July. 452. Request of the Portuguese Ambassador, Francisco Giraldi.
That where certain ships laden at Lisbon for Antwerp with spices, sugars, and divers other wares belonging to the King of Portugal's subjects were robbed by the rebels of Flushing, and divers persons have gone thither to bring over the said wares into England, contrary to all reason of justice and amity between the Queen and the King his master: it may please the Queen to cause commission to be given that all such merchandise may be stayed and kept safely, and an inventory taken thereof, until the Queen and Council shall ordain that that shall be with reason and justice.
Endd. P. 2/3.
453. Copy of the above, in Italian.
Endd. P. 1.
July. 454. Answer to Francisco Giraldi.
Though a general arrest cannot be made, yet if any of the King of Portugal's subjects, or Giraldi himself, shall give particular information where any of the said goods have been landed, or against the parties who have spoiled them, they shall be readily heard, and the Court of Admiralty shall therein make expedition with order of justice.
Endd. P. 2/3.
July. 455. Advices from Italy.
News from Messina, 25 July 1572; Rome, 5 July; Venice, 12 July; relating chiefly to the movements of the Turks in the Levant.
Endd. Italian. Pp. 4⅓.
July 1. 456. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Has received warrants for payments and other matters, in which he promises to use circumspection. Begs that the prest for himself may be paid.—Berwick, 1 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
July 3. 457. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
The Regent and Lord Morton's journey to Clydesdale will be of little moment except to receive the obedience of Sir James Hamilton, with others of the Hamiltons. Has received by Sir Valentine Browne some money, and a new warrant for his diets. Would be glad of some directions for his better guiding in his negotiations, as he has heard neither from his Lordship nor from the Council since his going into Scotland. The Castilians say that, having yielded to Her Majesty's motion to the obedience of the King, unless she would that they be altogether wrecked, they should have been offered, during the last two months, some better conditions for the delivery of the Castle. Grange would have signed a blank paper, upon which the Queen and the King of France might have written the conditions that they devised for them. Has been recalled by Lord Hunsdon for two or three days.— Berwick, 3 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
July 3. 458. Advertisements of Scottish Affairs.
Great moan is made for Mr. Patrick Home, who was slain on Sunday in letting the Edinburgh party from bringing in victual. On Monday the Edinburgh party went to Merchistoun, when the Leith horsemen issued to the Borough Moor, their footmen came by the Abbey wall near the park; in the meantime the other party retired to the Potter Row and direct way to the West Port within the Loch. At last they fell in skirmish, the footmen, little above 25, put them out of the Potter Row, the other gathering fast on them again. Lord Ruthven with certain horsemen charged for relief of their men, and with that the whole force of the Leith footmen followed, and charged all that way into the West Port. There were about six soldiers of the Edinburgh party that turned and shot, which caused the horsemen partly to stay; if the same had gone through with their charge they had overthrown all their footmen abroad, which was about two hundred shot. Captain Home was stricken with two bullets, three or four others were slain with shot from the walls. On Tuesday a little shallop from Leith took a boat with five soldiers from the Black Ness, whereof two were hanged. (In the handwriting of Drury's secretary.)
Endd. P. ¾.
July 4. 459. Queen Elizabeth to the Regent of Scotland.
Has considered his message, and is very sorry that her former motions and labours to bring their realm to quietness have been of no avail, which she imputes to his party standing to such hard terms with their adversaries. But herein the frowardness of their adversaries is not to be excused. Has given the bearer to understand what she and the Council mislike in his proceeding, and what they are desirous for him, for respect to his King and country, to assent to, assuring him that she desires nothing more than that the King should be preserved in his estate, and the whole country brought to peace. Recommends him not to stand so peremptorily, as thereby it may appear that more regard is had to particular quarrels, or interests of livelihood, by persons of his side, than to the King's estate and to the public peace of the country. The bearer can sufficiently impart her mind upon all matters. (Draft in the handwriting of Burghley.)
Endd. Pp. 2¾.
July 8. 460. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
On Sunday night last Adam-à-Gordon, having slain one of the scouts of Brigham [Brechin] and taken the other, captured the place by surprise, slew 10, and captured 60 odd. The Earls of Crawford and Buchan, Lord Glammis, and the Bailiff of Arrell [Errol], who were there, escaped with difficulty, finding fault among themselves that treason had been used. He is now thought either to draw towards Arbroath or Ross. The Regent and Lord Morton have made a proclamation in Stirling for men to attend them towards the north for revengement; they have already got as far as St. Johnstone's on their way. Thirteen Frenchmen, persuaded by Lord Fleming, have left Leith and gone to Edinburgh, where they were received with a volley, which, though without bullets, was fired downwards, and raised up the stones so that they hurt all standing near. Captain Crawford is left at Hamilton with 150 footmen. Montgomery, who has served in France, is left also in charge of 100 horsemen and new levies, and has to begin on 1,000l. Scotch, and then to live of their own discretion off the enemy. There will shortly pass a proclamation at Leith that all persons with tents and victuals for 40 days shall be assembled in the park on the 18th of the month. The Irish bishop, fearing to be delivered up, has practised with a gentleman allied to Douglas, who has him in charge, and offered largely for his liberty. All has, however, been discovered, and the gentleman apprehended and straitly imprisoned.—Restalrig, 8 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1½.
July 9. 461. Sir William Drury to Lord Burgeley.
At the attack on Brigham (Brechin) Adam-à-Gordon had 1,600 men. He took 200 prisoners and hurt some gentlemen of name. Adam-à-Gordon passed to Montrose, a town in the King's obedience, which was ransomed for 2,000l. Scottish, and two tuns of wine; it is also said that he has won Arbroath, which, if it be true, is little to the commendation of George Douglas, Commendator thereof. He has also been to Forfar and taken the Laird of Dun's house. The Earl of Crawford and Lord Gray departed the day before the defeat, which has given great cause of suspecting them, and the Lord Glammis, who was on the watch that night, did not behave himself well. The Regent and Lord Morton are at Dundee, and have countermanded the soldiers that should have gone from Leith. This day his colleague, the Earl of Montrose, Lord Ruthven, the Commendator of Dunfermline, the Justice Clerk, and the Laird of Tullibardine were dining with him, when there was the alarm given, and the Leith party issued, but before they could come to the west part of the town the Castilians had won from the Corstorphine Craggs 22 head of great cattle, and six or seven score sheep, all by the negligence of the owner, for which he is like to have a greater loss than that of his goods. There is one apprehended who "meant Edinburgh two horse loads of meal," and who has offered 200 marks sterling in satisfaction of the offence. Mr. Errington's cousin, the Laird of Ellingham, whose surname is Swinburne, being at the point of death, he (Errington) desires the wardship of his son.—Restalrig, 9 July 1572 Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1¾.
July 9. 462. Lord Hunsdon to Sir John Forster.
Perceives by his letter that Ferniehurst has offered to him to make satisfaction for any attempts made by any of his within his wardenry. As he is held to be the King's enemy, doubts whether it will be well taken that they should have any dealings with him, but rather to annoy him if they may, the Queen being resolved to maintain the King. Is advertised that Adam Gordon has surprised Brechin, wherein were the Earls of Buchan and Crawford, Lord Glammis, and others, who escaped very narrowly, if they be escaped. The Regent and the Earl of Morton mean to recover the place, and Gordon has come to Arbroath, so there is like to be blows.—Berwick, 9 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
July 9. 463. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for his letter. As soon as he is delivered of the Earl of Northumberland he means to go to Bransbe [Brancepeth] having laid in his provision already. The Scots will never be without an excuse to cover their lewd doings, alleging the unkindness between them and him to be by Archibald Douglas' practice, which is utterly false, as Mr. Randolph can tell (if he have as much will as knowledge). Complains of being discourteously handled by the Earl of Morton, both by words and deeds.—Berwick, 9 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
July 9. 464. James Leche to Mr. Dannet.
1. Marvels how he can tarry so long amongst the fisheries at Dieppe, and lose the sight of such Princes at Paris. Though all things be exceeding dear there, yet a little time at Paris is more than a great deal at Dieppe. Here are now the Princes of the Religion, who are worth the seeing; the marriage will be shortly, and then some solemnities; the Queen within little time will be brought to bed, and then revels and triumphs. Yesterday the King of Navarre, the Prince of Conde, and his second brother the Marquis of Conti, came into Paris, besides the Cardinal of Bourbon, the Admiral, and other great personages. The Princes and their train, in black for the late Queen of Navarre, were received without St. Jacque o' gate by Monsieur and M. le Due [D'Alençon] with most of the nobility and gentlemen of the court. The officers of the town in their scarlet robes, with all their serjeants and archers. The Prince of Conde and his brother the Marquis rode between the Duke of Guise and M. le Chevalier, the King's bastard brother. The King of Navarre in like manner rode between the King's two brothers, and so with a great train of 1,500 horse went all along the town to the Louvre, where they lodge within the Court.
2. The marriage is commonly reported to be the 26th inst. The pomp and triumph about the same shall be deferred till the Queen be brought to bed.—Paris, 9 July 1572. Signed.
Pp. 2.
July 10. 465. Dr. Mundt to Walsingham.
The day after the Duke of Medina Celi came to Sluys, in the early morning the Gueux slew the soldiers who had been left as a guard to the ships, and took the vessels. Two days afterwards they intercepted the Portuguese fleet; three ships only are reported to have escaped and arrived at Antwerp. The Prince of Orange has departed to join his army at Deventer. The levies made at Kerpen and Limburg have been disbanded. Bulwiller sends all his troops to Luxemburg and to Treves, and asked leave of the town of Strasbourg to buy arms, which was denied; he complained that the magistrates showed favour to criminals and rebels against his master and the King of Spain, but of this, coming from an enemy, no notice was taken. The people of Basle have, however, allowed him to buy arms for 4,000 men. News from the court of the Elector of Saxony. The Papists, who have Alva and Spaniards for allies, are doing their best in this war to uphold their dignity and superstition, and they have tried their utmost to obtain the alliance of the Emperor. The Princes of Germany are adverse to taking up arms on their own authority, and legal remedies are for the most part useless and too late.—Strasbourg, 10 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 1½.
July 11. 466. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Forwards letters. Looks hourly to be discharged of his guest, of whom he is right weary. Having nothing to do in Scotland, and the country being quiet, will take his pleasure for the rest of the summer among his friends in the Bishopric and Yorkshire.—Berwick, 11 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. ⅓.
July 12. 467. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Forwards a letter from Ennius the Count Palatine's chief councillor. Marvels that the Duke of Holst being the Queen's pensioner, and knowing in what doubtful terms she stands with the King of Spain, can yield to serve the Duke of Alva. The sight of the said enclosed letter has given their Majesties here no small encouragement to proceed in yielding assistance underhand. The stay of their lingering in that behalf is that they wish Don John of Austria onwards on his voyage towards Morea before they make any demonstration to be dealers in the said enterprise. For better disguising of this matter there was proclamation made revoking such of the King's subjects as were at Mons; and another prohibiting any from buying goods taken by them of Flushing. On the 12th M. de Genlis departed towards Mons with 4,000 harquebussiers well appointed, and 600 horsemen, who are thought sufficient to resist such forces as the Duke of Alva has presently prepared. The King is now so far forward as now disguising will not serve; neither may Her Majesty, considering those who have gone underhand to Flushing, suffer the cause to be abandoned; especially for that she has lately forborne (to the grief of as many as truly love her at home and abroad) the necessary use of the remedy offered her to bridle the Queen of Scots' practices, which received their nourriture from Spain. [13.] has declared his opinion since his return that it behoved both his master and the Queen of England to consult jointly, and to yield assistance to the Prince of Orange's enterprise, for that otherwise he saw by many reasons that it would be dangerous to them both, and especially for the Queen, considering the practices that reign in her country.—Paris, 12 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Printed by Digges. Pp. 2.
June 27. 468. Ennius to Dr. Junius or Walsingham.'
Was on the 16th at Cassel, with John Casimir, with the Elector of Saxony, and the Landgraves, anxiously waiting for the Sieur de Argenlieu, whom he hopes will bring a favourable answer from the King. The Prince of Orange is not dead, as was falsely reported in France by the Spaniards, but is in the field with 7,000 chosen cavalry, and could have more if necessary out of Germany, but does not embarrass himself with many foot soldiers; and if he is furnished with the sinews of war without delay, all will go well. Begs that if he can do nothing more he will at least procure a letter from the King to him promising not to desert him. The Duke of Alva is endeavouring to enrol 10,000 cavalry and four regiments of German foot, and, amongst others, the Duke of Holstein will serve under him with 2,000 horse. The Princes at Cassel have desired him to inform Walsingham in order that he may write into England, so that the Queen of England may command the Duke as being one of her pensioners not to serve. Recommends that certain captains should be taken into the pay of the French King. From Italy it is reported that Don John is yet at Messina, and that if the French King stirs he will invade Dauphiny and Provence. From Flanders there is news of the victory over Medina Celi with great slaughter, and spoil of money and goods by those of Flushing. The Emperor endeavours to meddle in these affairs, and to propose the terms of peace, which will require great consideration, as he can well understand.—27 June 1572.
Copy. Endd. Enclosure. Lat. Pp. 2.
July 12. 469. Sir Wm. Drury to Lord Hunsdon.
Upon Friday last, whilst walking upon the highway, he was shot at by a soldier of Captain Home's company, which, though it missed him, was like to have sped a countryman of his own who was following him, laden with a burden of grass besides others. This is the eighth shot that has been discharged at him in Scotland after the like sort. He has been this day to the Castilians, who will yield willingly to the surcease, and would gladly embrace peace. The Lord of Arbroath has overthrown Captain Crawford and slain the best soldiers of his band, among the rest Netherbourne, who was one of the first that climbed Dumbarton walls. A soldier of his own having shot at Maclegg, ensign to Trotter, was by him run through with his sword. Justice is dead on both sides, the magistrates of neither side dare punish a soldier for any offence he can commit. Another man and woman taken near Edinburgh with victual have been hanged at Leith. Since the coming of the French they of the Castle advance themselves more often into the field; Richard Jackson still makes one, and the devil smiles on them for the present, here as elsewhere. Nicholas Elphinstone arrived on Wednesday at North Berwick, and on Friday passed over the Earl's Ferry to the Regent, and went not to Leith, which they there mislike somewhat. He wishes for the Queen's pleasure touching Home Castle, for his colleague, upon receipt of the French King's letters, called for delivery. Has a secret inkling that De Croc is commanded to offer pensions. At the coming of the Regent and Morton it will be seen how such matter as Mr. Elphinstone brings will be digested. Upon the answer for the surcease he will return. —Restalrig, 12th July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
July 12. 470. Occurrents Abroad.
1. Vienna, 27th May.—The King of Poland is still sick; there is no hope of his joining the league. A chiaus has arrived in Poland from Turkey to demand the Lord of Wallachia, or else to denounce war. They say that the Pope wills not that the Inquisition shall proceed so earnestly against those that are inquisited, but that they shall plead for their defence; he has granted to the town of Bologna to pluck down the fortress of Castelfranco. The French Ambassador has asked for dispensation for the marriage of his master's sister with the King of Navarre.
2. Paris, 12th July.—Arrival of the King of Navarre, and his splendid reception by the King. There are great preparations for the marriage; those of the palace are warned to remove from thence, that things there may be set in order for the same.
3. Flanders, 12th July.—On the 5th of the month, the Prince of Orange marched forward his whole army towards Mugett, and sent a messenger willing them to let his soldiers have free passage that way, else he would destroy their vines, and take them for his enemies. All Holland, Amsterdam and Rotterdam excepted, are under the subjection of Count Ludovic; it is thought Amsterdam will not long hold out as the greater part of the inhabitants are of the religion. The bruit is false that there is some discord between Count Ludovic and the townsmen of Mons, because that the Count wanted to put out of the town all the women and disabled persons; he is so well victualled that he can maintain the town for a half-year without putting out any person. Another "empoisoner" sent to Mons by the Duke of Alva was executed the 2nd of the month; he was a Spaniard, and entered into the town in a friar's weeds.
Endd. Pp. 2⅓.
July 13. 471. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Not having of his own servants such as could make convenient speed, has requested the bearer to take this charge in hand, and therefore desires that some consideration may be had of him.—Paris, 13 July 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
July 14. 472. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
1. De Croc having much called for the delivery of Home Castle would be glad to know what answer to make to him. The captain has sown above 300 quarters of grain, and if it is delivered before harvest it will be his undoing. Does not wish Her Majesty to part from it until she may see the end of De Croc's and Verac's working in Scotland. Means to leave it as bare a castle as any in Scotland.—Berwick, 14 July 1572.
2. The Earl utterly denies that Blackwell knew any part of their doings. Desires to know what shall be done with William Carr, with his Agnus Dei and beads. Has just received his letter of the 11th inst., and is not sorry for the alteration of Her Majesty's resolution touching the Earl, considering what loss she will have by his death, and the circumstances how he was procured to the same. Offers to conduct him to the Tower, or any other place of surety, but begs that he may be delivered from him, as otherwise he will be forced to remain here or carry him about with him.— Berwick, 14 July. Signed.
Copy. Endd. P. 1½.
July 14. 473. Proposals for a Truce in Scotland.
1. Propositions made to the Regent and Lords, in presence of Sir William Drury, by M. De Croc, on the 14th July 1572.
2. That the castle be delivered into the hands of some Scottish gentleman of position, well disposed towards both parties, and desirous of peace. That there be truce for two months, and that, meanwhile, the Nobles and Estates of the realm should treat for a good and general peace, or, if it seem better, that persons be chosen from both sides, with the concurrence of the sovereigns of England and France, to settle their differences. That M. De Croc should have liberty to go to the town and Castle of Edinburgh.
Endd. Fr. P. ¾.
July 14. 474. News from Genoa.
Don John of Austria has informed the Seignory that he cannot serve the League personally this year, as the King of Spain has need of his services. This proceeds from the revolt in the Low Countries, and the doubt of the intentions of France. It is thought that they will make peace with the Turk. It is reported that the Pope intends to send a cardinal to the Queen of England to persuade her to change her religion.—Genoa, 14 July.
Endd. Ital. P. 1.