Elizabeth: August 1572

Pages 163-173

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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August 1572

Aug. 516. The Answer to be made to the French Ambassador.
The message sent to the English Ambassador in France varies from the report thereof made by the King to the French Ambassador, as the English Ambassador was willed to declare that the Queen found such difficulties growing by the inequality of ages, that she could not find her mind void of doubt and misliking. True it is that the Queen willed her ambassador to say much like as the King's letter contains, with some further additions thereto, both to induce the speech and conclude it. He was willed to say that Her Majesty perceiving the continual solicitation of the King and Queen Mother thought good to show herself to have regard to the earnest continuance of the King's requests; that she found two principal impediments; one of religion, might be remedied by conformity in the Duke himself, the other might seem to be a difficulty rather in opinion than substance, and that nothing does so much rule in marriage, when the persons are to be considered how one may like the other as to have their opinions satisfied with a mutual sight, and specially in this case, where such as have seen the Duke dare not venture to affirm that the Queen shall like or mislike him. The like had been granted to her for a person of as great estate as the Duke of Alençon, yet she left it to be considered by the King and Queen Mother, whereof she willed him to say that she had no meaning to have made any motion, but she had seen by the letters of the Duke and the Queen Mother to their ambassador, the Duke's desire to come to this realm to be seen of her. He is to conclude by saying that she has no meaning therein to abuse or disgrace him, whom she acknowledged to have great cause to love and esteem. The Queen must, as she did before, leave the matter of the interview to the judgment of the King and Queen Mother, and as for the matter of religion, if Her Majesty had not as good hope of more conformity in the Duke than was found in the Duke of Anjou, she would in nowise yield to have any more time therein spent, and for the rest of the articles, although some alteration might be made for her advantage, at the least for the satisfaction of the opinions of her subjects, to recompense the inequalities of age, she shall not be found therein unreasonable to answer the King's earnest goodwill.
In the handwriting of Burghley. Endorsed by him: "I bedstead, 3 beds, trunk apparel, 2 trunks, the chest of apparel. To be answered to the French ambassador at Kenilworth." P. 2¼.
Aug. 1. 517. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
They have accorded the abstinence according to the desire of Her Majesty expressed by her ambassador, and mean sincerely to keep it. Prays him to esteem well of him and his proceedings unless he find cause to the contrary, and trusts he will be a good mean for the continuance of the Queen's care touching the King and his estate.—Edinburgh, 1 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Aug. 1. 518. Declaration of the Regent touching the Abstinence.
It had been specially agreed that the town of Edinburgh should be set at liberty on the last day of July, on which day great numbers passed from Leith to Edinburgh, and semblably from Edinburgh to Leith. The Regent had sent his baggage and household stuff to Edinburgh intending to stop there, when he was informed that the men of war had not departed from Edinburgh as had been agreed. He then sent messengers to fetch back the guard that had preceded him, but they had already reached Edinburgh, and seeing the soldiers of the Castilians not departed stood guard all night upon their families and goods; word was then sent to the provost of Dundee, the colonel of the footmen, to keep all in peace and quietness, which he did. And as the treaty said that the town was to be set at liberty in the same condition as it was when the Earl of Lennox the late Regent quitted it on the January 27th, 1570, the magistrates by whom it was then governed, and who were allowed arms for the watch and ward of the town, should not be judged unlawful to have such now, seeing they offered neither hostility or injury to any. The Earl of Lennox when he departed had a guard of two hundred footmen and some horsemen, and as the one passed out so was it lawful for the other to enter. Let it be judged if it be lawful for the other side to still collect the customs or coin money, being such a violation of the abstinence that it cannot be suffered. He and his party will give no cause for violation thereof.
Endd. Pp. 3¼.
Aug. 2. 519. Commission to the Earl of Morton.
The Regent being about to depart for Stirling, where the King is at present residing, appoints James, Earl of Morton, Lord of Dalkeith, Chancellor and Great Admiral of Scotland, to be Lord Lieutenant within the Sheriffdom of Edinburgh, the Constabulary of Haddington, Linlithgow, Berwick, Roxburgh, Selkirk, Peebles, and the overward of Clydesdale within the Sheriffdom of Lanark, for the purpose of seeing that the abstinence is properly observed, and gives him directions concerning his duties and those of the officers who were to assist him, and details the penalties to be inflicted on those who do not observe the truce.—2 August 1572.
Endd. P. 1.
Aug. 2. 520. Robert Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for being the means of obtaining peace in Scotland, and is very well pleased that the Queen has allowed Grange to have the custody of the Castle. Prays him to hasten to take order in such matters as are referred to the Queen and the King of France, as their adversaries have refused to submit their differences to the ambassadors.— Edinburgh Castle, 2 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Aug. 3. 521. Alexander Gordon, Bishop of Galloway, to Lord Burghley.
Has requested the ambassador Sir William Drury to obtain the Queen's favour and conduct for him to speak with Her Majesty and the Queen his mistress, when he hopes to do such good offices to the Queen of England as shall deserve thanks. This passport may be restricted to as many persons as may be thought expedient, and should he offend against the Queen's estate, laws, realm, or subjects, then may he be deprived of his conduct and punished accordingly. Desires conference with him. The Queen by her dealing has not only obliged the noblemen concerned, but has made conquest of the whole hearts of all indifferent persons in the realm.— Edinburgh, 3 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Aug. 5. 522. The Earl of Morton to Thomas Randolph.
Will have the money that is in possession of Sandy Seagates put into some responsible hand as long as can be; good it were if the man for whom he travail made his claim good by law in the mean season. Has learnt from Nicholas Errington what his expedition has been towards the matters of state, and of his own particular; the first he overpasses until it shall please the Queen more favourably to respect them. For himself, although things are reported to his disadvantage, yet he has been no hinderer of the pacification, but is as desirous of the quietness of the country as any subject of his calling. Did not see any ground whereon a peace might have followed, nor how with honesty they could treat, seeing the King's authority was withstood and the town of Edinburgh fortified. Has done Her Majesty good service however slenderly it be respected. Trusts to live as a Scotsman may, and awaits till it please her to think more favourably of them and their doings. Requests him to speak to the Earl of Leicester respecting one Willie Graham kept in prison by Lord Scrope.—Edinburgh, 5 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Aug. 5. 523. The Earl of Morton to Lord Burghley.
He has wished him in a letter brought by Mr. Nicholas Elphinstone not only to induce others to reason but to incline himself somewhat "a summo jure," for that extremities never made peace. Has never been a hinderer of peace, as the Queen's ministers here may have reported. Had their adversaries a year ago yielded unto the conditions they have now assented to, it might have been done with less loss. Has done as good service to the Queen in seeking the continuance of amity between the realms, in desiring the quietness of his country, and in obedience to the King as any of his calling; he will be constant when the reporters of things to his prejudice may not so prove. Hopes that time will give occasion for him to have a better opinion of him.—Edinburgh, 5 Aug. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Aug. 5. 524. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Sends a copy of the agreement for the surcease. The bearer, Nicholas Errington, can declare the manner of their proceedings on both sides. Desires his favour towards him for Swinburne's son, who is now dead. Received this morning by the pursuivant the council's letter with a writ for the delivery of the Earl of Northumberland, whereupon he has sent for Sir John Forster.—Berwick, 5 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Aug. 6. 525. Sir Wm. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Has from time to time sent news of what has passed since his last letter to Lord Hunsdon; the rest he will learn by the bearer, Nicholas Errington, whom he beseeches him to favour touching the wardship of Swinburne's son. "The crownes off France wyll woorke greater effekte than the woordes off Ingland."—Berwick, 6 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. P. ½.
Aug. 8. 526. Rowland Johnson to Lord Burghley.
1. Desires his favour in obtaining an increase in his pay, as he has been actively employed.—Berwick, 8 August 1572.
2. Encloses a copy of a warrant granting him 2s. 6d. a day as deputy-surveyor of Berwick, when unemployed, and further allowances when he is occupied about the Queen's buildings and fortifications. Signed.
Add. Endd. Written on different pieces of paper. About pp. 3½.
Aug. 10. 527. Walsingham to Sir Thomas Smith.
The Marshal Montmorency is sorry that the Queen's resolution has fallen out to be such, touching the offer proposed by him and De Foix, considering how necessary it was to have some sound amity and perfect intelligence between the two crowns, and seeing the Queen in great peril without this help. He thought the Duke was well inclined to an interview, yet he could not give his consent thereto, unless he were assured that thereby might grow a liking, The next day he repaired to the court and had audience with the Queen Mother first, who said she could not but be sorry at the Queen's resolution, notwithstanding which the King her son was determined to continue good amity to Her Majesty. He then showed her how the Queen upon the receipt of certain letters from the King himself and the Duke D'Alençon, seeing their great and earnest desire for the proceeding of the match, had willed him to tell them that the principal impediment in her opinion consisted in the difference in their ages, and the case of religion; the latter she hoped might be so accorded to the satisfaction of both parties, and as for the first the difficulty seemed to consist rather in opinion than substance, and she desired them to consider that in marriages a satisfaction of the opinions of the parties that were to match was most necessary and requisite, and seeing there could grow no satisfaction that way but by an interview she would yield thereto if they so liked of it. To this the Queen Mother answered that if she were assured that there might grow a likelihood of liking upon the interview she would willingly give her consent, but as experience taught that of the meeting of princes there followed rather miscontentment than good liking, she could not in respect of the danger thereof yield her consent. She then had long speech of the goodwill and love the Duke bore to the Queen, and considering how necessary it was for the Queen to marry, as well for her own safety as the benefit of her subjects, she hoped God would so dispose her heart to prefer public before private respects. Received like answer at the hands of the King. Upon advertisement from Flanders that the Queen meant to revoke such of her subjects as were there, the King, advised thereto by such as incline to Spain, is dissuaded from dealing in the cause, wherein he before was very resolute. But it is conceived that without the Queen's assistance he cannot bear the brunt of so puissant an adversary, and so the matter remains in suspense as to what shall be done, yet he (Walsingham) is assured that underhand he is content that there shall be somewhat done, for that he sees the peril that will befall him if the Prince of Orange quail. Such as are of the best judgment to foresee how much the good or evil success of that poor Prince imports her repose, hope the advertisement is false, she having so lately discovered the King of Spain's malice towards her; they say that nothing can more hinder the poor Prince's enterprise upon his first entry into the country, for the people, who were otherwise well inclined towards him, and are fearful of nature, will thereby grow more fearful and forbear to do that which may further the enterprise. Cannot do otherwise than wish the Spaniard far removed in neighbourhood from Her Majesty. The Count Montgomery shows himself by sundry demonstrations worthy of the favour and honour he has received at the Queen's hands.—Paris, 11th August 1572. Signed.
Partly in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Aug. 11. 528. Sir Wm. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Grange has sent letters to France by Pinart to tell his brother to get some of the Queen of Scots' dowry and to return to Scotland. De Croc has solicited the Castilians to have a convention of the nobility, and end and agree matters among themselves, thus believing that both parties may be more wholly at his master's devotion; he has also made Verac's peace with the Regent, and they set off together to Stirling to await the return of Pinart. Has heard that a motion has been made to him or to the Privy Council by the King's party for some person of more sufficiency and skill than he to deal in their matters, which he hopes will be granted, for he would rather serve the Queen in Constantinople than among such an inconstant and ingrate people. Not six days before his last return his death was determined upon, soldiers were to have been the executors, and he is to be informed by some person of credit who were the devisers, and what was intended. No one has ever been punished for the frequent attempts upon his life. The letter sent to the Regent by Elphinstone was misliked, as their desires were not to their content satisfied. Wishes they may show themselves more thankful in the end for favours bestowed upon them.— Berwick, 11th August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
Aug. 11. 529. Lethington and Grange to Sir W. Drury.
The Regent's party are about to levy a tax upon the inhabitants of Edinburgh, wherewith to enlist a new company of men of war. The writers press earnestly M. De Croc to find fault, but he is very slow. He declares that he is writing to the French Ambassador in England to advertise his master of the injuries done to them, but they look for small redress unless it come by the Queen of England's means. Desire that he will write to the Earl of Marr that he understands of the great extortions used against the poor inhabitants of Edinburgh, and how contrary to promise the town is still guarded and garrisoned as a town of war, wherewith his mistress will be offended. It were convenient if he "purchases" a letter from the Queen to the same effect.— Edinburgh Castle, 11 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾. Enclosure.
Aug. 13. 530. Sir Humfrey Gilbert to Lord Burghley.
Being informed that a large number of Frenchmen are coming to Flushing with the next wind desires to have order what he shall do herein, without which he has determined to leave the town with all the English, as they practise to use them very evil, and to banish those of the townsmen who are their friends. If the Queen will leave him to do it he will procure a mutiny between the townsmen and the French, and will take the townsmen's part and will die for it, and all his people with him, except they cut all the French in pieces and the governor also. Knows that there is the like plot laid for them. If he had the galley and a little frigate or two he would do any exploit the safer and the more certain. The English served very valiantly on the 9th, and killed divers Spaniards, and made them run away three miles like peasants. Thanks him for his favours for victuals and other things, and will be at all times ready to take anything in hand with Gideon's faith.—Flushing, 13 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
Aug. 16. 531. Lethington and Grange to Sir Wm. Drury.
Are advertised that Captain Wood intends to shear the corn presently upon the ground, the property of Lord and Lady Home, and to dispose of it to his profit. He should content himself with what he has already gotten of their gear, without taking the corn. Ask him to procure a letter from the Queen to Captain Wood, forbidding him to intromit or dispose of the corn until he shall learn her pleasure thereanent.— Edinburgh Castle, 16 August 1572. Signed: W. Maitland W. Kirkcaldy.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Aug. 18. 532. Ralph Lane to the Burgomasters of Nieuport.
Wishing their deliverance from the miserable tyranny of the Duke of Alva, he advises them to put themselves under the protection of the Queen of England, and also to bring other principal towns in their neighbourhood to do the same. The Queen will by no means be induced to take them from the subjection of their sovereign the King of Spain, but only to take the protection of their persons, goods, and liberties from the tyrannical government of the Spanish garrisons, as she does not mean to reap any benefit. Though Her Highness will be pleased to allow her subjects to give them aid, she will not put herself or her realm to any charge for the maintenance of garrisons. Gives a large panegyric on the virtues of the Queen and the happiness of her subjects, and the disinterestedness of the assistance rendered by her to Scotland. If therefore they will send their humble supplication to him he will use his utmost endeavours for them about the Queen and her Council.—From the Downs, 18 Aug. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Aug. 20. 533. Sir Wm. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Has sent Captain Case to the Regent at Stirling to complain about the injuries done to the people of Edinburgh, and to confer on his route with the Castilians, and carry their complaint in writing with him. Lethington and Grange wish for a letter from the Queen expressing her pleasure that they and the Earl of Huntley are at her devotion, and that Lord Home should be restored to his houses. The Justice Clerk is still determined to pass into France. Tullibardine is still dealing with the Castilians to have matters settled without interference from England, and De Croc also so wishes it; they are offended that no answer has been returned to their letters.—Berwick. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Aug. 534. Memorial by the Castilians of Complaints of Injuries.
Complain that the town of Edinburgh is guarded as a town of war by companies of men of war and townsmen, who keep watch and ward day and night, and have their "corsgardis" continually in the kirk and Tolbooth. Leith is also guarded as in time of war, in contravention to the abstinence. Men of war are lodged upon the poor to be nourished at their expense. They are forbidden to enter their houses, soldiers being lodged therein.
Endd. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Aug. 22. 535. Advertisements from France.
The Duke of Holtzemburg being sent by the Bishop of Cologne with 2,000 horsemen and certain footmen, has been overthrown not far from Limberg by 3,000 horsemen and 1,000 harquebussiers of the Prince of Orange under Captain Brum. M. de la Noue has issued forth of Mons and slain very near 1,200 of the Duke of Alva's soldiers. "The Admiral being at the Louvre the 22nd of this month, and having conducted the King to the tennis court, as he went homewards to his own lodging was stricken with a harquebuss which had three bullets. The forefinger of his right hand is quite stricken off; his left arm has two wounds, the one hard by the wrist, the other not far distant thereof. The D. of A[umale] and the D. of Guise are suspected to be some stirrers in the matter, for the harquebuss was discharged in Monsr. de N.'s house, and one Villemin, a schoolmaster of Monsr. de G., who was accustomed always to lie there, the night before absented himself, and appointed the party that committed the act to lie in his room."
Endd. P. 2/3.
[Aug.] 536. Deaths of the Queen of Navarre and Admiral Coligny.
Verses on the death of the Queen of Navarre and the Admiral Coligny.
Fr. Pp. 19⅓.
537. Two sonnets on the death of the Admiral.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
Aug. 22. 538. William Faunt to Lord Burghley.
The Admiral, this 22nd of August, "departing from the Court to his lodging, reading a letter he had by the way received, was traitorously striken with a harquebuss out of a window in a house near the Hall of Bourbon, which perished the fourth finger of the right hand, and pierced the left arm through the bone in two places beneath the elbow." The surgeon made report to the King of Navarre that he should hardly escape without the loss of his arm. The King takes it very grievously, and sent the Admiral word that if he doubted anything he should have his guards to attend him, or else have his lodging near to him, which with great reverence he refused. After this misfortune the King of Navarre came accompanied with 600 or 700 gentlemen to the Admiral's lodging, where the matter is not a little lamented. The women of the house where the harquebuss was shot were brought to the King, who caused them to be locked in his own chamber till such time as he was from table, commanding that all the gates of Paris should be straitly kept. After he was dressed the writer saw the Admiral in his bed, who bears it with a reasonable good countenance, but yet much misdoubted of the physicians if he should escape a fever. It is thought to be a Frenchman of the King's guard that hurt him, who fled immediately in the sight of many, very well mounted, with a pistol in his hand, but no certainty is yet known.—Paris, 22 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Aug. 22. 539. Lord Burghley to [the Admiral of France].
The marriage of the Queen is of more moment to the weal of this realm, and of Christendom for the benefit of religion, than he fears their sins will suffer them to receive, but trusts that God who has so mightily prospered their estate will bring his marvellous work to some further perfection.
Holograph. Endd. P. ½.
540. Copy of the same. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
Aug. 22. 541. Lord Burghley to [the Duke of Alençon].
Is not accustomed to write to his superiors, being stranger princes, but such is the commendation of the courtesy of his Excellency, which has manifestly appeared by his frequent letters to him, that he might seem to fall into as great a crime of negligence of contempt if he should not by these few lines recognise his duty to him, and assure him that wherein he may pleasure him the same shall not lack. The dealing of the bearer, M. de la Mole, has been such that his worthiness has confirmed the good opinion of his Excellency, being his lord and master.—Kenilworth, 22 August 1572.
Holog. P. 2/3.
542. Copy of the same. Fr. P. 2/3.
Aug. 27. 543. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
It seems the Queen is so wearied with Scottish matters that she desires rather to be a looker on than a part player amongst them; the French King is not of that mind, but will have irons in the fire, not for love and affection, but to serve himself. De Croc seeks to make an inward league between the Regent and Lethington and Grange. There is now a meeting of the Commendator of Dunfermline and Mr. James Macgill or Mr. John Hay on the King's side, and the Bishop of Galloway and Sir James Balfour on that of the Castilians, to commune on various heads, but no power is given to conclude anything. The place for the meeting of the nobility will be either St. Andrew's, Stirling, or St. Johnstone's. The Regent intends to send men of war to Jedburgh. Captain Trotter, with sixty and odd men, are come to within a mile of Home Castle, a hundred more are expected. It is judged that Lord Seton has made his peace with the Regent, which the Castilians much mislike; he is shortly to depart to the Duke of Alva, "he is an evil willer to England." The Castilians wish the Queen to demand pledges from each side for the performance of the covenants. Some one of the King's side will presently be sent into France, to be followed by the Justice Clerk. Requests authority to grant license to Robert Melvil to come to England, whose coming the Queen will much like.—Berwick, 27 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Aug. 23. 544. Lethington and Grange to Sir William Drury.
Marvel that they have not heard in what part her Majesty takes their offers, seeing they have done everything in their power to satisfy her, and have submitted themselves wholly to her good pleasure. They intend to send Mr. Melvil to her, and request a passport for him. Pray him not to forget the suit of Lord Home.—Edinburgh Castle, 23 August 1572. Signed: W. Maitland, W. Kyrkcaldy.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
Aug. 28. 545. Massacre of St. Bartholemew.
Proclamation by M. de Matignon, lieutenant-general for the King in Normandy, commanding all those under his charge to live peaceably with one another, in pursuance with the last Edict of Pacification. Attributes the late commotion and slaughter in Paris to the particular quarrel between the Duke of Guise and the Admiral.—Caen, 28 August 1572. Printed broadside.
Endd. Fr.
Aug. 29. 546. Sir Humfrey Gilbert to Lord Burghley.
1. Their meeting with the Prince of Orange is deferred till the 30th inst., and this day they embark to execute this exploit. On the 28th the Duke of Alva departed towards Mons. Six ensigns of Walloons have revolted from him to the Count Ludovic. On the 27th instant a little galley and flyboat of Flushing took two ships which lay before Sluys, in which were thirteen Spaniards, who were brought to Flushing and there all hanged save three of the best, who were saved to redeem certain Englishmen that were taken by those of Sluys. Begs that certain money due to him and his soldiers for service in Ireland may be paid, as he has not only mortgaged certain lands, but entered into great bonds for the payment of money, which if they be not shortly discharged will turn to his utter undoing.
2. P.S.—Their journey to Antwerp is deferred through Seres, who hardly dares to do anything that is accompanied with danger.—Borsele, in South Beveland, 29 August 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Aug. 547. Thomas Wal to Lord Burghley.
Informs him of the proceedings of Sir Humfrey Gilbert and the forces under him in Walcheren. Capture of artillery. March to Bruges. Skirmish at Sluys. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Aug. 548. List of Names of French Gentlemen and Noblemen.
Rough draft in Lord Burghley's writing. Endd. P. 1.