Elizabeth: October 1572

Pages 186-200

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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October 1572

Oct. 1. 585. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
In commendation of the bearer, Captain Read, who would be as glad of trial and show of his duty and heart towards his prince and country as any person he knows of his estate.— Berwick, 1 Oct. 1562. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 1. 586. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
1. Though loth to have any further ado in Scottish causes, he has, upon receipt of his letter, dealt in them again to the utmost of his small credit, which is with them somewhat decayed, or holden of less force than heretofore. It has lately been commonly bruited that he has not only been stayed in having further dealings in Scotland, but sent for up to the court and committed to the Tower. Neither for reports nor slanderous speeches, nor for attempts upon his life, has anyone ever been punished, though the parties be well enough known. The Castilians are for their part ready to perform all that they have promised, although they have had no answer from above.—Berwick, 1 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
2. P.S.—Perceives that Morton has written to Lady Lennox of late something of him to be by her dealt in. Prays that from whatever source complaints may come, his doings shall have trial and his faults receive due punishment. He would, if it be not misliked, at the Cross at Edinburgh, require that any his doings might secretly or openly be brought to Mr. Killigrew. Mr. Randolph can bear witness of what offers he made to the Regent and Morton in his presence, and what subsequently they can judge themselves. Lord Morton's grief is that he did not procure him more money, which he believes and says he might have done, and also that his intelligence with the Castilians rather proceeded from himself than from his instructions. De Croc sends his packets and advertisements by sea. He trusts to be able to discover something within 20 days.
On separate paper. P. 1.
Oct. 1. 587. The Earl of Morton to Lord Burghley.
Requests that Will Graham, taken prisoner by Lord Scrope and confined in Carlisle Castle on the charge of selling a horse to Edward Dacre, may be sent forth from prison or caused to take trial in the matter, and if found innocent may be set at liberty.—Edinburgh, 1 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Oct. 1. 588. H. Killigrew to Lord Burghley.
Interceding in behalf of Graham, Lord Morton's servant (vide letter from Lord Morton of same date), and hoping he may be set at liberty, as well for the justice of the cause as that it is well for the Queen's service to gratify so noble and devout a man as Lord Morton.—Edinburgh, 1 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 2. 589. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The bearer being one whom he dares trust, has requested him to declare such things as he thinks not convenient to commit to writing. It is commonly given out that the King of Portugal's ships are arrived in Ireland, and that Ireland is revolted; that order is taken for burning Her Majesty's ships; that it is no hard matter to conquer England by landing soldiers in Sussex, Wales, and the North. The Duke of Lorraine has given commandment throughout his dominions that all those of the religion depart within a twelvemonth, licensing them to sell their land and make the most of what they have. "This favour in respect of others is very favourable."—Paris, 2 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Oct. 3. 590. The Copie of the Proclamation set furth be the Kingis Majestie and his Counsall, for ane Conventioun of the Professouris of the trew Religioun within this Realme to consult and deliberate upon the imminent Dangers and Conspiracies of the Papistis.
1. In respect to the great murders and more than beastly cruelty used and put in execution in divers parts of Europe, suggested, no doubt, by the unhappy, devilish, and terrible Council of Trent, and to be prosecuted and followed forth not only where treason and power may avail, but also in the realm of Scotland and everywhere where Christ's Evangel is sincerely professed, by the enterprise and device of the malicious and bloody Papists and children of the world, who in their kind are more busy and subtle than the children of God, and as various supplications have been addressed to him seeking him to foresee and provide for the danger, the necessity of which he perceives, he has ordained that the sheriff shall deliver open proclamation at the market crosses of the head boroughs, in parish churches, and other places needful, that every and particular kirk shall send on the 20th October one or more commissioners sufficiently authorised to deliberate with the Regent upon the preventing, resisting, and mutual defence of Christ's Evangel from the rage and lawless cruelty of the bloody and treasonable papists. All commissioners shall have full liberty, licence, and protection to freely haunt, resort, and come to the place appointed, and to have free speech and vote, and be allowed 20 days to return without hindrance. "Given under our signet at Edinburgh, 3rd day of October, the sixth year of our reign."
Ane Advertisement to the Faithfull.
That every one may understand the bloody and treasonable enterprise of the Papists, wherein they intend to execute and continue the same with most barbarous cruelty, some of the heads and articles of the confederacy, or rather the devilish conspiracy made after the Council of Trent, are subjoined. The Lord in his mercy grant them true and penitent hearts, that, amending their lives and uprightly walking in the ways of our God, he may turn His mighty hand to confound their enemies and to deliver His kirk from their cruel and merciless rage.
The 20 articles of the league, specifying the means to be employed in stamping out Protestantism and restoring Roman Catholicism, and detailing various marriages to take place between the confederates, then follow.
Imprentit at Sanctandrois be Robert Lepreuik, A.D. 1572.
Endd. by Burghley. Blackletter broadside.
Oct. 3. 591. The Count de Retz to Madame de Montgomery.
Has received her letter, and informed the King of the state of her affairs and those of her family. Assures her that if her husband will live quietly they may enjoy their possessions in peace, but that he fears the contrary will happen if he does not do so. She is, however, to send her son to court, and her other children to some relative, by whom they may be brought up to learn the duty which they owe to the King and their country. Thinks that Madame de la Suze would undertake this charge. The King approves of this plan. Desires her to inform her husband in order that they may receive his answer.—Paris, 3 Oct. 1572.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Oct. 6. 592. Sir William Drury and John Lovel to the Privy Council.
If the due punishment of the town offenders proceeds not from better authority than their own, there will be little hope of reformation. The second day after the mayor was chosen (who obtained that office by excess of promises, gifts, and threats) his officer, the town clerk, a young man incapable, came to one who had been mayor the last year, and after certain quarrelous words, drew his dagger on him, so did also two of the brethren of the now mayor, even in the High Street, and put him in great peril, if he had not been rescued by soldiers, as happened also to an alderman coming to further quietness. On inquiry they found this to be nourished by the mayor himself, who, with some of his new chosen officers, they also found to be the spreaders of a malicious slander against the minister and preacher.—Berwick, 6 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 6. 593. Rowland Johnson to Lord Burghley.
Advertises him of his progress in repairing the bridge at Berwick, which he hopes to have completed this year. Commends the bearer, Mr. George Muschance, to his favour.— Berwick, 6 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 7. 594. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
De Croc, his son-in-law, and some Scottish gentlemen, arrived here this day, and intend to be at the court on the 20th of the month. There is one Farryer, a Frenchman, with De Croc, who is to pass with him into France, who will bring a little writing from Drury to his Lordship. He is presently to be returned either with men or money, and has assured him he will declare all his knowledge. Has given him 10l. He is 50 years of age, and had, in the Scottish Queen's time, the keeping of Linlithgow House. He has a black beard with some white hairs. If he cannot well come himself [to Burghley], he whom he sends is to take him by the little finger of the right hand. He has assured Drury to do his best to return through England, and requires to have some one appointed in France to whom he may open such things as he knows. Will advertise Killigrew of certain things which he has discovered to him touching the Castilians. Verac has been commanded by the French King to remain in Scotland, but persuaded by the Castilians, who put all their trust in him and mislike De Croc, he has made the journey.—Berwick, 7 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Oct. 7. 595. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Languet, Councillor to the Duke of Saxony, has recommended the bearer to him as the rarest young man in Europe for those great good parts that are in him. He has been a great traveller, and can render as good account of what he has seen as any. He is a gentleman of good house. Besides Latin, Greek, and his own tongue, he has both Italian and Almain. Being driven to abandon his country for religion, cannot but commend him to his protection.—Paris, 7 Oct. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd.: "in the com. of Monsr. Plessis." P. ½.
Oct. 7. 596. The French Ambassador to
The more those here consider what has happened in France the more they enter into great suspicion, and look to their safety. Has had great difficulty in persuading them to continue their customary voyage to Bordeaux for wine.— 7 Oct. 1572.
Extract. Fr. P. ¼.
Oct. 8 (?). 597. Abstract of Letters.
Abstract of the Lord Deputy of Ireland's letter of the 25th September, giving heads of the events in the four provinces of Ireland, and of one from Killegrew of the 8th October on the events in Scotland.
Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Oct. 9. 598. Lethington to Lord Burghley.
Has received a letter from him in which he is persuaded to prefer the good of his country to his own particular; he has always conformed his actions to what he has written in his former letters, when the Marshal of Berwick was a trafficker amongst them. He would that Mr. Killigrew had been instructed to have resolved them on certain points, and so assure them of Her Majesty's good favour towards them; he is afraid he was despatched on a sudden, and was not made acquainted with what had passed before, neither is he particularly instructed what to answer to those points. Will respect the public yet not altogether neglect his own particular. Wishes there were more frank dealing, and matters brought from general propositions to more special terms.—Edinburgh Castle, 9th October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 13. 599. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
This day William Stewart, servant to Lady Lennox, departs hence towards her, with whom goes William Henryson, an old and affectionate servant to the Scottish Queen. By William Stewart he may understand M. De Croc's proceedings. He has dealt very honestly with Drury in secret causes, and has had some little consideration from him. He can declare that De Croc dealt not inwardly for accord but to nourish the contrary.—Berwick, 13 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 15. 600. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Upon intelligence of the late detestable murders in France, he assembled the captains and others of the best sort here, declaring unto them the effect thereof, and warning them to look into their companies, and if there could be known any favourer of such horrible acts that he should be apprehended. There has lately been accused a soldier, whom he has committed till such time as he receives direction as to what punishment he shall have. Has caused a hearer or two of his disordered speech to be committed.—Berwick, 15 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 15. 601. H. Killigrew to [Lord Burghley].
He is assured that in case the Regent shall not answer his expectations, the "great matter" shall be brought to pass without him. He has written to Mr. Secretary touching the peace.—Edinburgh, 15 October 1572. Signed.
P. 2/3.
Oct. 602. Robert Melvil to Killigrew.
He assures "Brother Harry" that he has continued of the same mind since his arrival, when he dealt plainly with him, letting him understand that the practice of other nations had moved them to be more willing that quietness should be in the whole isle at this time more than any other, and that they mean truly and faithfully to join themselves with the rest of their country for profession of religion and avoiding of strangers. As he is a Christian they intend nothing but to make a present end, craving nothing but surety in time coming without prejudice of any persons, and rather to be at an end therein than to have all the designs performed that their enemies invent against them. Their reasonable offers are hindered by such as can be content with nothing but their wreck and dishonour, seeking that the Laird of Grange should part with the Castle. He will see who is least careful to prevent all foreign practice without regard to religion. He doubts not but that he (Killigrew) can make an end to the evil, to his own honour. Signed: R. M.
Enclosure. P. 1.
Oct. 16. 603. Sir John Forster to Lord Burghley.
Has, with other justices of the peace, held a sessions at Hexham, whereat execution was ministered to offenders and order taken for the Marches. Sends certain articles agreed upon by the gentlemen of the country for the pupose of preventing feuds and promoting concord and amity amongst themselves. As he can get no redress by authority in Scotland, he has conference with the "Laird's Jock" and others, his coherents, whom he found willing to bind themselves into assurance with England, which offer he accepted.—Alnwick, 16 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
604. Articles for maintaining good order on the Borders.
Set of articles agreed upon by the gentlemen of the East and Middle Marches of England for the quiet stay of the country and avoiding murder and theft. They promise to obey the Queen's lieutenant and wardens, to submit all controversies of lands and goods to the determination of eight gentlemen, and if they cannot agree to the judges of assize; to stand by each other in all feuds with the Scots; to use all their power to prevent thefts, and to punish evil doers; and to share all losses with each other.
Endd. Enclosure. Pp. 12/3.
Oct. 16. 605. Charles IX. to the Town of Rochelle.
Expresses his displeasure at their refusal to receive M. de Biron as their governor, and commands them forthwith to lay down their arms, and to admit him into the town with such company and forces as he may think fit.—Paris, 16 October 1572.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
Oct. 17. 606. Dr. Junius to Lord Burghley.
Recommends to his favourable notice Janus Douza and Theodorus Neopyrgus, who are coming to him as ambassadors from the Dutch Republic.—Haarlem, 17 October. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. P. 1.
Oct. 18. 607. Alderman Duckett to Lord Burghley.
Reminds him of the suit of the Muscovy Company to the Queen, for her letters to the Emperor of Russia. Wishes that Her Majesty would thank him for receiving the company again into his favour, and restoring their privileges, and desire him to continue his goodness towards Thomas Bannister and Geoffry Duckett, and their charge coming from Persia, and that he should give no credit to the sinister reports of other Englishmen there against the Company and their agents. Also to ask leave to ship Thomas Glover, Ralph Rutter, Thomas Pett, and their adherents into England. Also if any Englishman offend his laws, that he may be punished, and not the Emperor's displeasure to fall on the Company. Though the Muscovy Company is now very poor, they hope of good success hereafter, when they will not be unthankful to his Lordship.—London, 18 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 18. 608. Petrus Suavius to Lord Burghley.
Desires his intervention with the King of Denmark, for the liberation of Captain John Clark, who is detained in prison on false charges, to the great grief of all good men. Clark was sent over by the King of Scots, with the consent of the Queen of England, to desire that Bothwell might either pay the penalty of his crimes in Denmark, or be delivered up to him, by an iniquitous plot of his own soldiers, was thrown into prison, and notwithstanding letters from the King of Scots' and Queen of England, is still kept there.—Copenhagen, 18 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 2½.
Oct. 19. 610. Advertisement from France.
They of Sancerre offer to render themselves to the King, who promises remission of the past, through the mediation of M. Fontaine, his hunting companion, who married one of the daughters of the Count of Sancerre. There is great search made for those that stole the Admiral's body from Montfaucon, and hung up divers pasquils most spitefully written against their Majesties. It was looked for that there should have been execution done at the Grève of the Admiral's picture, as also of Bricquemault's and Cavaignie's lively bodies. It is said that one of the Admiral's younger sons with another of D'Andelot's, who are prisoners at Bois des Vincennes, shall be made monks of the Carthusians. The Baron de la Garde has offered to keep the entrance of Rochelle with his galleys. It is reported that the Princes of the religion in Germany have made a general muster; also that there is landed in the island of Tergoes 2,000 soldiers of the Duke of Alva; that the Prince of Orange has retired beyond Ruremond towards Germany, and that the Duke of Alva is at Maestricht. M. Duras departs to Rome with the King of Navarre's submission to the Pope.
Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 19. 611. Thomas Brune to Lord Burghley.
Has been required not to discover himself to be in the town. On the 11th inst., 56 sail, great and small, with 1,800 Walloon and Dutch soldiers, under the command of Hampsted and Mondragon, sailed down towards Zealand about eight in the morning, and met six miles from the town with six Zealander ships, between whom and the Duke's ships, who were succoured with three pieces of ordnance mounted on the dike, there began a sharp and hot charge, and being afterwards reinforced with 40 sail more, the Duke's ships were shrewdly beaten and retired under their ordnance upon the land, and so came their ways home again with the loss of four sail. Besides this the Zealanders carried away one of the greatest pieces of brass which was mounted on the dike, which by often using broke its carriage and tumbled into the ditch. It is thought that 600 Walloons and 1,000 Spaniards shall be sent to succour those of Tergoes. The Prince of Orange has shaken off all his Dutch, both horse and footmen, in whom the common bruit is was great treason; and he reported to be in Dort. The Prince Ludovic is in Friesland with 3,000 horse and 12,000 foot. The Duke of Alva's forces are about Maestricht.—Antwerp, 19 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Oct. 19. 612. Antoine De [Batteville] to Jan [Canning].
Short letter in Dutch.—Middleburg, 19 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. P. ¼.
Oct. 19. 613. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley and the Earl of Leicester.
The day after his coming was bidden to dinner with the Regent, where he saw the King, who seemed a very toward prince of his age both in wit and person. Pressed the Regent to give a good and reasonable answer to be made unto the form of surety demanded by the Castilians, to the end that this abstinence be not neglected like the other was, without doing anything for the peace until it was too late, and, having sounded him, he found him to be most desirous of peace, more so because he finds not the assistance he looked for. The Abbot of Dunfermline will give him, on his return to Edinburgh, such answer as the Regent and Council have determined on, the which, if they mislike, shall be referred to the Queen of England. Finds the Regent very earnest touching the "great matter," asking him to write speedily to both their honours to further the same, as being the "only salve for the cure of the great sores of this commonwealth." His first coldness arose rather from want of skill how to compass so great a matter than lack of goodwill to execute the same; he desires also to be furnished with more money for the payment of his soldiers, for lack of which he is driven to put off the raid against the thieves of the Borders.—Stirling, 19 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 12/3.
Oct. 19. 614. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
The letters he received on the 10th arrived with the packet all rent and the seal broken, whether done of purpose or by negligence he knows not. Signifies thus much the rather for that there was a letter enclosed for Mr. Killegrew. De Croc, Verac, and the rest are happily gone from Scotland, where it were better they had never been. Has done his uttermost to press the Castilians to remit their causes and difficulties to the Queen. His Lordship would do well to allow Robert Melvil to come to him to understand his meaning for their preservation, and also that he may be better satisfied of the Castilians, who still bear him (Drury) favour, though they burden him that he has not been able to procure a direct answer to their offers. Protests that he has not given any cause whereof it should rise that his Lordship should wish him not to conceive any scruple in Mr. Killigrew's often advertising without his understanding the contents; they are good friends, and he esteems the choice of Mr. Killigrew to be employed as good as of any other not being of the Privy Council, and has been willing to further him as well as he could. Would be glad to be discharged from hence, or else have leave to be absent for a time, to seek his health, and to provide for some infirmities fallen and risen in his body and limbs; he has a swelling in his left side, of the which if he seek not present remedy, not here to be had, he believes he will not long feel any grief.—Berwick, 19 October 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Oct. 20. 615. Articles of the Ministry and Commissioners of the Reformed Kirk of Scotland to be presented to the King on the 20th October 1572.
Understanding the treasonable cruelty and fearful persecution begun and intended to be executed against all the professors of the true religion throughout Christendom; they pray that there be a public humiliation from the 23rd November to the end of the month; that good order be taken of His Majesty's preservation and for his virtuous and godly education; and that the regency be given to a man who fears God. That as God has plagued the land because the murders of the King and two Regents remain unpunished, their deaths may be speedily avenged; that all Catholics within the realm be made to recant their belief, and make profession before the kirk, and upon refusal to do so may be proceeded against even to death, and not be allowed to plead in courts of law; that persons holding benefices under the Pope be punished as traitors; that certain regulations be made for the better government and ceremonies of the kirk, relief of the poor, &c.; lastly, that there be a league with the Queen of England for the better resisting the cruelty and treason of the Papists.
Endd. Pp. 3¼.
Oct. 21. 616. Mr. Steward's Declaration touching De Croc's Negotiation, &c.
De Croc's dealing in Scotland was not in any way to make peace, but to keep things in the same doubtful state, so as his master might make his advantage thereof. Grange has promised both by writing and through his brother to the French King to keep the Castle of Edinburgh for the Queen of Scots and the said King, who has promised that the Castle shall be supported in all things that they need. He daily expects his brother with money or men. It is to be feared if the Council of Trent and those who have used this late cruelty mind to subvert religion that they will not pretermit the commodity of this faction in this island unless the Queen and her Council foresee the danger and take advantage before they make their preparations.
Endd. Pp. 2.
Oct. 22. 617. Antoine de [Batteville] to Jan [Canning].
Short letter in Dutch in which the name of Lord Seton occurs.—Middleburg, 22 October 1572. Signed.
Add. P. ½.
Oct. 24. 618. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley and the Earl of Leicester.
Will omit no occasion or opportunity to the furthering of his charge. The Regent will be here shortly to "concur" with Morton about these great matters and the peace, to which they still seem inclined, but could Grange be induced, to which nothing can move him, to give up the Castle, there would be no doubt of peace. Could draw on peace faster, but not without hindrance to the "great matter." It would be well if he (Lord Burghley) wrote a friendly letter to Lethington, saying that the Queen's slow answering to their offers proceeded from her thinking that the late league concluded with France was the best way to compound their differences, and therefore had forborne to deal with them, and likewise withdrawn her support from their adversaries. Both Grange and Melvil are in favour of peace, provided they be sure of their lives and the restitution of their livings, and that the Castle remain in Grange's keeping. He thinks 100l. yearly pensions to Lethington and Grange and 500l. to the Regent and Morton sufficient, and as Grange is far behind hand 1,000 crowns might save the expenses of many a thousand. For the King's death they would be content to be judged by the Parliament, and the conditions of peace settled by the Queen. It will do good if the Queen would send letters to both parties to come to agreement. The Regent requests some relief for his soldiers, but none shall be delivered unless they come off roundly with the "great matter," or to a speedy league and peace defensive with England. Is very friendly with Drury and seeks his advice; and does his best to bring him (Drury) and Morton to be friends, and desires that Drury may be thanked for his advice. He has shown Morton part of the Earl of Leicester's letter to himself, which served to very good purpose.—Edinburgh, 24 October. Signed.
Add. Endd by Burghley. Pp. 3½.
Oct. 28. 619. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The Regent is in great danger of his life, but is somewhat amended, having been let blood; Morton had a letter from Alexander Erskine, the Regent's brother, saying there was no hope of life, and willing him to provide accordingly, which he did. He shall understand of their opinions for the peace and the "matter he wots of," which will in no way satisfy his expectation, unless it be squared and framed to a more reasonable proportion.—Edinburgh, 28 October. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 25. 620. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
1. Touching the overture it would seem the party employed passed the bounds of his commission, or that such as employed him have altered their purpose.
2. La Mole showed him immediately upon his return that the Duke D'Alençon would shortly send to him to communicate a thing that touched the Queen.
3. Judges that the evil success of the Prince of Orange has altered their purposes. The Queen [Mother] has so many spies abroad that they are afraid of one another. The said party is very jealous of the Duke D'Alençon, in respect of his greatness with the Duke of Montmorency. There is scarce one about him whom he may trust.—Paris, 25 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Oct. 28. 621. Abbot of Dunfermline's notes to Killegrew.
"Certain notes given me in writing by the Abbot of Dunfermline, this 28th October 1572, in the name of the Regent's Grace and my Lord of Morton, to be copied out by me, and the original to be restored unto him again."
That the Queen take the protection of the King of Scotland; that it be declared in Parliament that no process against his mother should prejudice him; that there be a defensive league between the two countries; "that the Earl of Huntingdon, Bedford, or Essex, with 2,000 or 3,000 men of war, assist to the execution;" that the Castle of Edinburgh be put into the King and Regent's hand, or else a sufficient sum of money and artillery be provided for recovering the same; that all their men of war shall be paid for all bygones; that they have money to pay 500 footmen and 100 horsemen for six months, after the recovery of the Castle, for the quieting the country to the King's authority, and to do good service upon the Borders. They have hitherto been loth to be overbold in making these demands, for when three years since the Queen of Scotland was to be delivered, and hostages granted, nevertheless the matter took no effect, and they know not but that the like may be done now; according, therefore, to the answers they receive to these demands, so shall they show forwardness on their part.
Endd., with date only, by Burghley. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 28, 29. 622. Decree of the Parliament of Paris.
The late Gaspard De Coligny, Admiral of France, having been found guilty by the confessions of certain prisoners in the Conciergerie and elsewhere, and also on the evidence of certain writings and letters, of high treason against the King's authority, and of being the principal deviser of the late conspiracy against his person, the Parliament of Paris condemns his name and memory to perpetual suppression, and that his corpse shall be hanged in the Place de Grève for 24 hours, and afterwards suspended on the gibbet at Montfaucon. His banner and arms are to be dragged through the streets at the horse's tail, and afterwards broken in pieces by the common executioner, in token of perpetual ignominy. All the Admiral's armorial bearings and portraits to be destroyed. His estates to be forfeited to the crown, and his children to be declared ignoble and infamous, and incapable of holding any office or dignity in France. The seignorial chateau of Chastillon to be razed to the ground, and forbidden ever to be rebuilt, and all trees planted for its adornment to be cut down, and in place of the said chateau a pillar to be erected inscribed with this sentence. On every anniversary of St. Bartholomew public prayer and thanksgiving is to be offered up in the city of Paris for the punishment of this conspiracy, and the Admiral's armorial bearings dragged through streets and broken by the public executioner.—Oct. 28 and 29, 1572.
Extract. Fr. Pp. 3¼.
Oct. 30. 623. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Refers him to the enclosed occurrents. They were never so inconstant here in their doings as at present. Not two days before the execution of Bricquemault they were resolved not to have executed him, and seemed very much to lament what had already been done, as having weakened the realm and made them odious to all other nations. The alteration of this humour is thought to proceed upon advertisements out of Spain promising them great things. It is now thought that their cruelty will rather increase than assuage. Such as are "parties" and passionate bear greatest sway, who in respect of their private passion and revenge care not what becomes of their prince and realm. The "long gowns," who are men of the greatest experience, are only employed in the expedition of ordinary causes. All men look for some mischievous issue of this kind of government. It is feared that their neighbours shall participate some part of the smart of their folly. None is so much threatened as poor England.—Paris, 30 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 12/3.
Oct. 624. Occurrents.
1. There is looked for out of Spain the Marquis of Agamont to congratulate the Queen's deliverance, and the late execution done against the Huguenots.
2. It is thought that the Cardinal of Lorraine will be here from Rome by the end of this month. On the 27th the young Queen was brought to bed of a daughter, whereat there was no great rejoicing. The same day Bricamo (Bricquemault) and Cavaignies were executed, Bricquemault taking on his death that he was innocent of any conjuration.
3. Monsieur, as General for the King, shall march towards Rochelle, and stays upon the return of Petropaulo, an Italian captain, who with certain engineers went to view the place. They have of late at Rouen executed in effigy four or five of those who committed the late murder there, but the parties themselves walk up and down the Court here in great jollity.
Enclosure. P. 1.
Oct. 31. 625. Answer to the Merchants of the Hanse Towns.
Where the orators of the cities of the Hanse have desired a confirmation of their privileges and treaties made with Queen of England's predecessors, and say that their Lords will so kindly accept the same as to give place to none in the keeping of the amity; but if it shall not please Her Majesty to depart from the sentence of late declared to them in Council, they will make report thereof to their superiors. To all this they shall be answered that Her Majesty would be content to grant a confirmation of their privileges, with conditions expressly that the said orators shall confess, covenant, and compact that the said confirmation should not be understood to prejudice or derogate from the treaty of 1560. As to the article concerning the bringing in of bowstaves, where they contend that they are not comprehended in the statute of Edward IV., they are to be informed that the statute of Richard III. does not in anywise alter the said statute. The statute of Edward IV. binds all ships from any city or town whence any bowstaves have aforetime been brought, that they should bring for every ton of merchandise four bowstaves; and the statute of Richard III. ordains all merchants of Venice and others should for every butt of Malvoisy bring ten bowstaves; therefore the former is general to bind all merchants from any part of the world, but the statute concerns only such as bring Malvoisie or "Tyre," and none other. The Hanse merchants, until of late years, used to bring into England such quantity at reasonable prices that there was no cause why they should be hardly dealt withal with the execution of the statute, but lately finding some slackness therein the Queen has caused this ordinance to be put in execution. Her Majesty can, however, be content to have the intention of the law executed by equity, without the exacting of every particular ship the bringing in of bowstaves, so as such reasonable number as the realm may have need of may yearly be brought; and if the said orators can propound any reasonable means for this purpose, the Queen has given order that they should be favourably heard. Promise that other matters touching "de quota salis," and licence to carry out white cloths, and other matters, shall be arranged according to law and reason.
Draft, corrected by Burghley. Endd. Pp. 5¾.
Oct. 31. 626. Sir John Forster to Lord Burghley.
Has stayed Sir George Heron, Sheriff of Northumberland, and other gentlemen from coming up to answer to certain writs, as they cannot be spared, as upon hearing of the death of the Regent of Scotland the Borders stand in very dangerous state.—Alnwick, 31 Oct. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
[Oct.] 627. The Duke of Montmorency's Embassy.
List of presents given to the Duke of Montmorency by Queen Elizabeth, consisting of the insignia of the Garter, and gold and silver plate, to the total value of 1,769l. 6s.
P. ½.