Elizabeth: November 1572

Pages 200-210

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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November 1572

Nov. 2. 628. Occurrents from France.
Movements of the Christian and Turkish fleets. The Emperor's son Rodolph crowned King of Hungary, 27th September. The Duke of Alva troubled with the gout. His extraordinary levies of money make him generally misliked. Some say that there is a marriage toward betwixt the Prince of Orange's son and the Duke of Medina Celi's daughter. The [French] King has sent divers noblemen to their governments, nevertheless such execution as has been done generally throughout all France yet continues in some places. The voyage of Rochelle is partly remitted until the spring, nevertheless the pioneers march forward and are occupied in conducting artillery thither. On the 9th [October] the Marquis of Aiquemont arrived in post out of Spain. Cardinal Ursini is looked for daily, whereupon men discourse diversely, not without just surmise of attempts importing other princes.
Endd. Pp. 1.
Nov. 3. 629. M. Maisonfleur to the Queen.
Has already informed her of the commandment that he has received from the "personage" who sent him over to report to him the last words of her answer to La Mole, which he begs her to remember. Has charge of importance, as the "personage" has great confidence in his fidelity. The "personage" has not been able to write much, as he is narrowly watched by those who would report the smallest matters to those who hate all that he loves. Signed.
Endd. by Burghley. Fr. Pp. 1¼.
Nov. 4. 630. Sir Simon Musgrove to Lord Burghley.
Those of Liddlesdale having made many robberies upon the Queen's tenants and subjects within the office of Bewcastle, and not being able to get any redress from the authority of Scotland, his deputy has made an incursion upon the said offenders, and taken divers of them prisoners, and got many horses and cattle. On his repair homewards, however, Martin Elliott, with a great number of Scots, charged the said deputy and his company and took him and 28 more prisoners. Desires his help herein. It is bruited that the Regent of Scotland is dead, which animates the offenders very much. Has 40 horsemen and 20 shot in his house, so that his weekly charge is above 20 marks, and he has only 100l. a year entertainment for this office, so that he has been constrained to sell 100l. a year of his inheritance. Craves that he may taste some of Her Majesty's liberality. Advises that musters should be held and such weapons and places appointed to the men as they are most apt for, and leaders appointed dwelling amongst them, as commonly in this country light horsemen, archers, billmen, and all have been intermingled together without order.—Bewcastle, 4 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Nov. 4. 631. Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Morton.
Is sorry to hear the news of the death of the late Regent, but trusts to him that that accident do not disturb the looked-for quietness of the kingdom, and the design so well begun to come to a perfect accord, for she is not ignorant of the manner he has governed himself in time past when unlooked-for troubles arose, and hopes that he will follow in the steps in which he has begun, and so soon as may be set all doubtful things in order, with the advice of the rest of the nobility. Has written some part of her advice to Henry Killegrew to impart unto him, not that she has any mistrust of him, but to show her goodwill to the order and quiet of the realm, although the person of the Regent must of necessity now be changed, and therefore prays him to credit whatever Mr. Killegrew says.—Windsor Castle, 4 Nov. 1572.
Endd. P. 1.
Nov. 6. 632. H. Killegrew to Sir Thomas Smith.
The Regent's death has altered his former course, notwithstanding which he will endeavour to satisfy the Queen's expectation. Thanks him for the pithy instructions in his last despatch, and hopes that the Queen will write to the widow of the Regent and her brother, whereby they may know that they may depend upon her, and not give ear to the practices of the French, whose tongues are not tied when they may by fair promises obtain anything for their purpose, and hands not weary to give pensions to such as may serve their turns. Sees no cause to alter Captain Errington's instructions, for if they be not substantially answered he can hope for little good in Scotland, for no honest nobleman of the King's party will take the "regiment" upon himself without the Queen's assistance and support. It is certain the Castilians do what they can to trouble the State, insomuch as Argyle is borne in hand that he shall have their help to make him Regent. He is gone to his country to consult with his friends thereon, supposing to have the help of the Duke, and the Earls of Huntley, Atholl, Eglinton, and Cassilis, but the contrary party do not think it fit for him to be Regent, because he is touched with the death of the King's father, and is by marriage with the Hamiltons in possibility of the crown, and also because he is poor and far off in a wild country, where he can do little either for justice or the defence of the King's authority, wherein he never yet showed himself earnest. It is thought the Estates will cast the burden upon Morton, if he will take it, which the Castilians fear, and work to the contrary. Morton is loth to enter into so great a charge, and he believes will refuse it unless the Queen encourage him with words and good deeds. If the Castilians can obtain that point, then shall they rise and France bear the sway in the country. The sparing a little now will occasion spending ten times as much shortly after. The Earl of Montrose, accompanied by Tullibardine, met him on his way to Perth and made him a great dinner, and afterwards brought him six miles on his way, when the Earl confessed that his eyes were better opened to the French devices than heretofore. At Perth he was honourably received by Lord Ruthven, the provost. The only Castilian who had arrived was the Bishop of Galloway; afterwards came Sir James Balfour and Mr. James Hamilton, but the Laird of Lochinvar came not. These commissioners, with Lord Ruthven, the Abbot of Dunfermline, and the Laird of "Gylnnorker," for the King's party, met at his (Killigrew's) lodgings. He then desired them to consider what time had been spent in vain since the last conference, wherupon the King's side presented in writing to the Castilians such assurance as they thought was sufficient for them, which the Castilians would not accept till they had consulted with the others, misliking that their demands were not granted in such form as they had couched them. The King's commissioners, in reply, said that such assurance as they had given them was in substance as good for them as their own, for life, honour, lands, goods, &c., but they required time to advise with the rest, and to give answer on the 15th of the month in the assembly at Edinburgh. When he saw the conference was at an end, he put them in mind of some points they would hardly agree upon without an arbitrator, and that they would do well to refer to the Queen, as the abstinence was about expiring, to which they promised an answer with all expedition. The Earls of Huntley and Atholl had promised to be at Dunkeld, 10 miles off, which was the chief hope of his travail; that they might have conferred to some good end, but this was prevented by the Castilians, who sent to Atholl to draw Huntley to the country of Marr, contrary to their promise to him before he left Edinburgh. He and Dunfermline came to St. Andrew's to let Morton know their labour was lost. On the road they dined with Lord Rothes, who made them great cheer. Morton has written his mind to Lady Lennox touching what should be done by Her Majesty. It will be hard to establish a Regent, for though the voices of the King's party are three to one of the other, yet no honest and worthy nobleman of that party will take the charge unless encouraged by the Queen, which he cannot too often repeat, because it is a matter so necessary to be considered out of hand. There is a proposal to appoint four nobles to guard the King, to wit, the Earls of Glencairn and Buchan, Lord Glammis, and Mr. Alexander Erskine, who has the Castle of Stirling in keeping during his nephew's nonage; the others are good Protestants, who are named on purpose to bridle the Papists that are in the Castle if needs be. They have referred to the Queen's pleasure to grant the other side what she shall think good, and he beseeches him to move her that some relief may come to them for their soldiers for avoiding greater danger and peril in this broken time.—St. Andrew's, 6 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 7.
Nov. 6. 633. Commission for M. De Biron.
The late unhappy conspiracy of the Admiral and his accomplices having been frustrated, he (Charles IX.) has ordered the town of Rochelle to receive and obey him as governor. As the towns-people have refused to obey, and have fortified themselves against their King, he intends to send a powerful army against them. Commands Biron to summons them to return to their obedience, and to expel all foreigners, and authorises him to offer favourable terms in the event of their compliance.—Paris, 6 Nov. 1572.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2½.
Nov. 11. 634. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
1. Thanks him for the excuse he made to the Queen for him for not stating whether the Regent's death was violent or natural; confesses it was worthy of reproach, but he trusts his subsequent letters have satisfied the doubt. The assembly of the lords is holden doubtful because of the great practices of the Queen of Scots' faction to the contrary, and he hears say, though he believes it not, that the Duke, Athol, Huntley, Eglinton, Cassilis, and Montrose, whom Lord Lindsay assured him were French, wish Argyle to be Regent. The Castilians persuade all the lords to profess the King's obedience, to the end they may have a vote in the assembly, and so draw on either a divided regency or none at all. A Highlandman called Glancanner, a follower of Athol, last year slew a dear friend or two of one Macintosh, who, hearing by espial that the murderer had come to Perth to receive money for certain "kie" he had sold, went thither, well accompanied and defended, and desired the aid of the Provost, Lord Ruthven to apprehend Glancanner, who had stood long at the horn.
2. Lord Ruthven sent men to take him, willing that those who came with Macintosh should remain at the door. The Highlandman slew one and wounded another, and though fallen upon with pistols, swords, and daggers, kept them at play long with an Irish skene, his only weapon, but at length fell, having received fifty wounds. Morton will not be at Edinburgh till the 13th. Divers be come out of France, amongst them "little Douglas," and Drysdale; he is not yet advertised what they bring, but they, doubtless, come not empty-handed. Trusts he will advise the Queen to work effectually with the King's party, and that out of hand. Grange has had letters of late out of France, and gives out that the French King has promised him aid if the Queen of England shall assail him. "Methinks I see the noblemen's great credit decay in that country, and the barons, boroughs, and such like take more upon them, the ministry and religion increaseth, and the desire in them to prevent the practice of the Papists; the number of able men for service very great and well furnished, both on horse and foot; their navy so augmented as it is a thing almost incredible; if this country, I see, were well governed, Her Majesty might reap good neighbourhood; and without Her Highness' substantial care and help to establish the same, I cannot see but a subversion, unless God preserve it by His miraculous hand." Sees the wooing of France much like the siren's song, and hears also of some talk with Spain, which, though he accounts no better, it were well for policy's sake to yield more thereunto than of knowledge and conscience he would else do, in these eminent perils from abroad and conspiracies at home. He never receives a letter but he fears to open it, expecting ill news. Has dealt as secretly in "the matter he wots of" as he could for his life, but the same being in other mouths he fears there will be an inkling of it, and therefore if there were any other means to preserve the Queen's life and state than "by them here," he would it were put in "ure," the sooner the better, for they be so divided and uncertain in their doings, as he cannot tell what to write of them, but assures him he trusts no more than he can see with his eyes and feel with his fingers. Means to visit the Castilians to-morrow to understand their minds upon the answers their commissioners brought them, and what they will say to the referring of the controversies to the Queen. Suspects they mean but drift of time till France succour them at last with money, by which they will entice all the King's soldiers, or the best of them. Morton thinks to procure a pension by De Croc, and George Douglas is not returned without somewhat unto him. Wishes that the Queen had had some other handling with the Electors in the choice of the Emperor. It is constantly written from Wurtemburg that the Duke of Bavaria is infected with the disease called "morbus pedicularis." Desires him to give thanks to Sir Valentine Brown for his friendly usage.—Edinburgh, 11 November 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 4.
Nov. 12. 635. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Acknowledges the receipt of letters commanding him to aid the King of Scots' party. Has informed Lord Scrope and Sir John Forster of the decease of the late Regent, and warned the gentlemen of the Marches to stand upon their guard, and be with theirs in readiness upon an hour's warning, and also that in every town the third part should nightly keep watch. Has also caused some of his horsemen to lie out, who have met with something to answer their labour. The numbers of the garrison and those out of pay who could be levied are fewer than at any time he has known them, so many having for entertainment departed to Flushing and other places. Encloses notes of such letters as Killegrew has sent. Desires that Sir Valentine Browne may be directed to stay here if there be any occasion for further service, as otherwise he minds to pass to Lynn touching provisions. Has made Killegrew acquainted with the Queen's letter, and when he hears from him will send such aid as may be spared. Desires that the treasurer may have warrant to furnish money for the soldiers.—12 November 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
636. Letters sent by Killegrew.
Note of letters sent out of Scotland by Henry Killegrew. Signed: John Williams.
Enclosure. P. 2/3.
Nov. 12. 637. M. Langvilliers to Queen Elizabeth.
Laments the miserable condition into which they are brought by the long civil war and the perfidy of their enemies, and by the disloyal and tyrannic dissimulation of the King. A number of gentlemen having found a retreat in Rochelle they beg that the Queen will extend her favour to them and afford them succour.—Rochelle, 12 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Nov. 13. 638. Sir Valentine Browne and Drury to Lord Burghley.
Have intercepted a Scotch merchant who had about him coin to the value of 40l. in dollars and Spanish reals, and desire to be advertised his opinion whether it be as lawful forfeiture as if it were English currency.—Berwick, 13 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Nov. 13. 639. Drury and Forster to the Privy Council.
According to the Queen's letter they have met at Belford and conferred together, and are ready with such force as is under their charge to accomplish Her Highness' commands. Have written to Killegrew to be advertised what number of men he thinks will serve the purpose, and also to know the opinion of the Lords of the King's party adjoining upon the frontiers, that they may better prevent such as are his unfriends and keep them occupied at home, and keep the Marches from hurt. Intend presently to take open musters within the Marches.—Belford, 13 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Nov. 13. 640. The Inhabitants of Rochelle to Queen Elizabeth.
Implore her aid and protection against their enemies, who have combined to wage a deadly war of extermination against those of the reformed religion.—Rochelle, 13 Nov. 1572.
Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
Nov. 14. 641. Sir John Forster to Lord Burghley.
Since meeting with Drury he remembers that there are 100 soldiers at Jedburgh, and if they go with their forces into Scotland for the aid of the King's authority, they should go likewise, for fear they make some entry into England in the time of their absence. Ferniehurst has been very earnest in hand for an answer to his request, which he sent to him before. If the matter be not well looked to a great number of the noblemen of Scotland are like to speak French. Sends a letter from Ferniehurst.—Alnwick, 14 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Nov. 15. 642. Names of Nobles, &c. convened for the choice of the Regent of Scotland.
A list of 7 earls, 14 lords, 11 bishops, commendators, and provosts, 11 commissioners of boroughs, and 74 lairds and others.
Endd. by Killigrew. Pp. 2.
Nov. 18. 643. John Tayllere to Lord Burghley.
Mentions the dispatch of several letters, which he trusts have come to his hands. On the 16th inst. the ships of war of this town went towards Zealand, but were put to flight by the Gueux, who also have burnt a village called Nordam, by the river side, together with three ships, so that this town is straitly kept from all provision by water. The soldiers leave nothing in the country to the husbandmen, nor yet to the gentlemen.—Antwerp, 18 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Nov. 19. 644. Nobles, &c. present at a Convention at Edinburgh.
A list of 5 earls, 12 lords, 3 archbishops and bishops, 7 abbots, provosts, and commendators, commissioners of 12 boroughs, and 35 lairds. There were also several lairds, barons, and gentlemen not mentioned. The Earls of Cassilis, Glencairn, and Menteith (against the names of the first two of which Killigrew has noted "already come," against the last "yet to come"), and the Lords Semple, Somerville, Yester, and Sinclair (noted as "all are come this 21st November"), are stated to be looked for before the dissolution of the Convention.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
Nov. 20. 645. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Minds not presently to go southwards for the furtherance of the provisions of this place, having by his servants taken order for the supply of such wants against the spring as may serve the ordinary charge. Desires that he may renew the leases of certain farms which he has enjoyed these 20 years, and is informed that some about the Court are in hand to obtain from him by reversion.—Berwick, 20 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Nov. 21. 646. H. Killigrew to Lord Burghley and the Earl of Leicester.
There is one request in the enclosed worthy of consideration, to wit, that the adversaries of the King of Scotland, as well within the realm as without, may receive due punishment. Has credible information that the Castle wells have been dry this month and more. He requests that he may [be revoked]. unless Her Majesty mean [to proceed] otherwise than he has any comfort of, for unless Errington bring money or certain promise, and substantial encouragement to make a Regent, "I do see this state most miserable and inclining to ruin," and his credit so shaken that he will not be able to do that service to the Queen his heart desires.—Edinburgh, 21 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Slightly mutilated. Pp. 1⅓.
Nov. 23. 647. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Encloses the copy of a note brought by a Scotchman out of Poland, whom he caused to be searched, and found on him [...]ivers letters, but none of consequence. Desires that the officers of ports and creeks may be reminded heedfully to look to such as shall land.—Berwick, 23 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Nov. 23. 648. H. Killigrew to [Burghley and Leicester].
Whatsoever cause his "confounded" manner of writing gave them to think so, he has never passed his commission in handling the "great cause," nor has he used the Queen's name therein; if it can be proved that he has he will never desire more favours, and would that justice should be done upon him. "I forget not, my lords, the great charge Her Majesty gave me at my coming hither, saying that no more was privy to this matter but your honours and I." Promised it should be to him as his life, and even when he knew the Lord Keeper was also made acquainted with the matter he never directed his letters to him. Only took the articles from the Abbot of Dunfermline under protest, to show Morton and ask if it were his meaning therein; but the Regent lay a dying at the time, which much occupied his mind, so he sent them with a confused letter, to let them see their manner of dealing; told Morton afterwards that he had not sent them. Cannot excuse himself that by negligence and evil favoured utterance he has given them just occasion to conceive as they have done, but he would crave their pardon, and also that it would please them to let the Queen understand whence the error proceeded, so as to procure a continuance of her favour, without which his life shall be rather a heavy burden than a comfort to him. On reading of their letter he was stricken with such sorrow as not since to be able to brook anything he took for sustenance. Is moved to be a suitor to the Queen in respect of his unableness to answer the expectation conceived of him, and the necessity of some fitter man for her service, to be called home where he may serve in some vocation more apt for his capacity.—Edinburgh, 23 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 3½.
Nov. 26. 649. Walsingham to Randolph.
The French are resolved to send some treasure to Scotland to keep a party there until they have settled their things at home, and mean with fair speech to make the contrary believed. "Henry's" speech used in the presence of De Croc against the King here very much offends them, and he must therefore take his leave of France during this government. Desires to be excused to Mr. Sampson for not writing. Randolph's books are in his house, where they must stay until his stuff comes.—Paris, 26 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Nov. 650. The Form of the Pacification in Scotland.
Consists of twelve articles, chiefly providing for the terms upon which the Castle of Edinburgh is to be kept by Grange, the sureties to be given by him and by Lethington, the appointments of officers of state, the restitution of property, and enumerating the persons who are to be excepted from the benefit of the pacification. Embodied also in the form of an Act of Parliament.
Endd. Pp. 7⅓.
Nov. 651. The Regent's Answer to the Castle's Demands.
A similar document to the preceding.
Endd. Pp. 4.
Nov. 652. The Reasons why the Regent cannot allow the Castle's Demands.
If acts and deeds on either side are put in oblivion then shall the King admit that the war was equal, that the acts of the adversaries were as lawful as his, the oblivion would be a subterfuge for all murderers, thieves, reivers, idolaters, pirates, &c.; the oblivion would take away all actions civil and criminal between party and party, however just; it would not fail to subvert the King's estate, making him a friend to his enemies, and an enemy to his friends; it would retain all rebellious factions together, and all evil and wicked men would be drawn to them; the King would win the favour of his adversaries with the gear of his true subjects, who would be loth to resist fresh troubles if they arose, seeing their enemies were gratified, and they sustained the loss. Their desire that all things done against them should be null and invalid cannot be granted, as that would impart plainly that the King had no jurisdiction; and their desire that all writings be obliterated and cancelled cannot be granted, as in so doing the King would admit that he had done manifest wrong. The following are the causes why the Castle of Edinburgh should be delivered to the King, and not left in the hands of Grange, who is known to be the only instrument of the beginning and the continuance of the troubles. 1. What other faith can he give for his obedience to the King, but that which he has already violated ? 2. If he should remain in possession, the people would think that he had defended a just cause, and that the King and his true subjects were at fault, his faction would be undissolved, and ready to make new revolt, and the people could not remain in Edinburgh on his promises, as he had broken them before. 3. Every one may declare how he has answered the expectation that the Earl of Murray made of him who put that house in his hands. 4. The magistrates of Edinburgh could not freely execute judgment upon any of his friends, in that he before took his man from the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, that had been apprehended for a slaughter, and discharged ordnance against the town to the terror of the inhabitants. 5. He had declared to Lord Fleming that he would hold all between Stirling and Berwick as tributaries to him, and has left nothing undone to perform the same, joining himself to the King's capital enemies, and with the murderers of his master, the Earl of Murray, who put him in trust of the house. 6. No nobleman or others who have served the King against him could remain in Edinburgh, as the King's grandfather and late Regent experienced in the winter of 1570. 7. Can he be answerable for matters of such moment as the care of the Castle of Edinburgh, his former behaviour considered ? He cannot be better trusted in times coming than he has given cause in time bypast; he has no care but only for his own life, for if there was quietness he would not be able to bear forth the twentieth part of the state that he now does. 8. He persuades himself that he is now safe, and that he can have no surety in rendering the Castle. Honour, equity, and reason show there can be no equality between prince and subject, and the surety of the King should be preferred to that of Grange. There can be no security received of the Laird of Grange but by the delivery of the Castle, as he has twice subscribed bond, and made public defection therefrom; and the Earl of Huntley, Lord Home, young Lethington, Sir James Balfour, the Bishop of Galloway, the Lairds of Buccleuch and Ferniehurst, and Adam Gordon must put in pledges to the Regent and find securities in sums of money, because they have every one of them contrary to their oaths and subscriptions given for obedience to the King made plain defection therefrom.
Endd. by Killigrew. Pp. 4¾.
Nov. 653. Penitents received into the Kirk of Edinburgh, and the Answer of the Kirk thereto.
1. A list of 92 persons who have given in their supplication to be reconciled to the Kirk of Edinburgh and the King for their defection during the late troubles.
2. The Kirk recognizing their earnest suit and desire, has of duty received them as brethren in all times hereafter, and therefore has ordained the minister to signify the same upon Sunday next to come to the whole people, and that this their particular purgation shall not prejudge nor hurt any brother that has or pretends to have just action against them for the same.
Endd. P. 1.