Elizabeth: December 1572

Pages 210-221

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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December 1572

Dec. 1. 654. The Regent Morton to Lord Burghley.
The knowledge of the Queen's meaning has chiefly moved him to accept the charge (the Regency), resting in assured hope of her favourable protection and maintenance, especially for the present payment of the bypast wages of his men, without which he will be driven into many great inconveniences. He trusts he will be a good mean at the Queen's hands that their estate may be seriously considered, and the present necessity relieved with such expedition as possibly and conveniently may be. Will always be ready to please him in anything that can be in his power.—Edinburgh, 1 December 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Dec 1. 655. The Earl of Morton to the Earl of Huntingdon.
Announces his election as Regent by the choice of the nobility and estates of Scotland, and promises that there shall be no lack in him in that which may continue the good intelligence with England.—Edinburgh, 1 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
Dec. 1. 656. John Foster to Walsingham.
The Venetian army is returned to Corfu. Don John's galleys be at Messina. The Venetians and the Spaniards have not well agreed at their last being together. It is judged this next summer the Turk will be very strong. They at Nismes be very strong, and fear their enemies about them; they have made divers issues out of a town and have slain companies of men-at-arms that lay thereabouts in garrison. Twenty days past they took a town at noon named Sommieres, wherein was the company of Mon. de Joyeuse, and slew them all. They were esteemed to be the best mounted men-at-arms in this country, and all gentlemen. The Marshal is within six leagues of Nismes, but has a very slender power. Divers captains of Languedoc who were of the religion have retired to him to the number of twenty. All their fear here is of the Queen if she give aid. The country is in a very miserable state at present. Means to depart for England.— Lyons, 1 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Dec. 2. 657. H. Killigrew to the Queen.
By means of sickness he was unable to travel himself, so he sent her letters to the assembly by Captain Errington, in whose presence they were openly read, and though very well liked of, more present comfort seemed to the bearer to be looked for. The Earl of Morton finding some credit referred to him in her letter failed not to come to him that night to understand the same, how be it as he would keep him in hopes until after he had accepted the Regency, he desired him to bear with him on account of his sickness a day or two, assuring him of her same great care of him and the King as heretofore, with such like speeches tending all to encourage him to take the Regency. He continued sick till the 20th, the day after Morton accepted the Regency, and then discoursed his whole charge with him, but he is unwilling to be overtedious with "quoth I and quoth he." He has sent her letter to the Countess of Marr reserving the credit until some occasion may serve for the satisfaction of her desires. The abstinence expires in five days; will not fail to travail for a prorogation until the last of the month, during which time he will attempt all means to drive on an accord, which he much doubts of as the Castilians will take no place for their security but the Castle, without the which he sees small surety for the King's own person, the present state of the country considered.—Edinburgh, 2nd December 1572. Signed.
Copy. Add. Endd. P. 1.
Dec. 6. 658. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
By Mr. Secretary's letters he will understand of the late taking of the Isle of Re by them of Rochelle; that there is hope in Germany of the election of the Elector of Brandenburg as King of Poland; and that the Ambassador of Spain gives out that Zutphen was taken on the 15th ult. The Legate's doings are kept very secret, in so much that his secretary is not made acquainted with them; for avoiding suspicion the Ambassador of Spain has no great conference with him, but by a third person named L'Angioletto auditore della ruota, who passes daily to and fro between them, on whom the Pope lays the chiefest weight of this legation in respect of his wisdom and experience. The Duke of Savoy's repair hither makes men think that the amity between France and Spain is like to grow great, for he is termed L'Ame du roy D'Espagne, and that therefore the matters in treaty are of great weight. The doubt of the Turk's great preparation for next year is a great bridle to their intentions, and they make great offers to draw to an accord. The Venetians have been these two years past at the charge of 800,000 [crowns] the month.—Paris, 6 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Dec. 6. 659. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
What he won of the two unhappy "Castilians" his Lordship received from time to time. Their continual delays will breed trouble to others, though smart and shame to themselves. Thinks no persuasions will cause them to lean to England, as they expect French crowns and French men. Has by some in Scotland been held a favourer of them, but if the Queen uses any force against them will discover himself an enemy to their cause. If the Queen sends money for the maintenance of the soldiers serving the King, they will secretly put it into the mint and turn it into their own coin to avoid suspicion. Sends of their last coin which they value at 15d. the piece. Has caused one to be melted which is in value less than 9d. There has been of late such a number brought into the town that hardly any English silver is to be had. Has caused by proclamation the value to be known, and raised the shilling to 18 placks. A Scotch merchant declared that 100l. English put into the mint would yield 1,000l. Scotch.—Berwick, 6 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Dec. 8. 660. The Prince of Orange to Lord Burghley.
Desires his favour for the bearer Captain Piers in his private affairs, and that he may be permitted on his return to bring over some companies of soldiers.—Delft, 8 December 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. With seal. Fr. P. 2/3.
Dec. 9. 661. Lethington and Grange to Sir W. Drury.
Are sorry that after so frank dealing between them, when there was so great likelihood of a perfect end to his negotiations, so little fruit followed, as there is less appearance of a good end than there was a year ago. The new Regent is the man of all others they most mislike, as the most unfit to draw on accord and the quietness of the realm. They always craved and would have been content with an indifferent Regiment, but now they are frustrate of the expectation they had of a tolerable peace. Because of his upright, impartial, and honourable dealing, they went farther to satisfy him than they would otherwise have done, resting at that time upon some points whereof they looked for a short and favourable resolution. When they saw him shifted from his commission and another minister appointed, who although friendly to them was not instructed to answer any points of their particular demands, they perceived they were now to begin again, and so have only rested upon the more general points, instead of opening to him as they had done to himself. They lament he has good cause to think ill-bestowed the great pains he took to bring both sides to a conformity; they knew he looked not for any reward for himself, but only to execute faithfully and diligently the charge he had in trust, expecting to be well thought of and well reported by both parties; as for themselves, although they cannot do him any pleasure, his credit shall lead them as far as any stranger of his calling in Christendom, and somewhat farther. If their adversaries bear him ill will it is their own fault, and they are the more unthankful, for if privately he did pleasure to any it was rather to their adversaries than to them, his dealing with them was honest and direct. They have heard it whispered that their adversaries would have it believed that there has passed between them some farther office of private friendship, which is done to make them odious to him; they pray him therefore not to let their craft prevail, and not to have a worse opinion of them. They trust there is not one that dare speak it that there has ever passed between them giving, taking, lending, or borrowing, or any indirect dealing, the same being false and untrue, and if it come to their ears that any one will so far forget himself they will answer him as in conscience they ought, knowing there is no man in Scotland who can justly charge him with that kind of dealing. If any whispering comes to his ears, it is because their adversaries would provoke all men to be their enemies; he knows how many lies they have forged to make them odious to the Queen and Council, and all with whom they think they may have credit. They are the same men as they were when he was among them, and whenever they see direct and frank dealing they will show the like conformity.—Edinburgh Castle, 9 November 1572. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
Dec. 10. 662. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Has been occupied upon an abstinence to last till the 1st January, which serves for the Castilians but to drive time, as he cannot perceive they mean to come to an accord, but look for men and money shortly from France. Grange has received 2,000 crowns by De Croc's son-in-law (Pinart), and looks for more daily. Two messengers, one from Huntley, called the Laird of Asselmount, and one from the Bishop of Glasgow, called Stephen Wilson, have been sent to France for aid. Huntley has written to him as if he were willing to come to an accord, but he takes it that the letter was engrossed by Lethington upon a blank of the Earl's. The Castle will not come to an accord till they hear from France, and the French King will surely send aid; in the meantime they will use dissimulation with the Queen of England, whose estate the French would overthrow. Gathers great presumption by the Lord Home refusing his castle, which he offered him if he would put in his son as hostage, to be obedient to the King, and, beside that, demanded twenty thousand pounds damage, which he hoped to recover one day upon England. Knows not how to deal with those men who curse him for bringing them to the King's authority, in case they might have their own and the keeping of the Castle, saying it is the thing that will most hinder their support out of France; they will not give ear when he used what reasons he could to persuade them to refer their controversy to the Queen, assuring them of a good peace and surety for life. Finds, on the other side, the Regent so poor that, though to make war were the surest way to prevent the Castilians' devices, he cannot support his soldiers without some round sums, and he thinks they begin to doubt of the Queen's aid and support. Does all he can to assure them of the Queen's affection to maintain the King and his party. "This Regent is a shrewd fellow." Fears "little Douglas" brought him offers out of France, howbeit he can see nothing, the Regent assuring him still to run the course of England, and that if peace is made it may be with those who have served the King. lest it turn their hearts another way. Such as mislike the peace, with the condition that the Castle should remain out of the King's hands, are followers of the Regent and neighbours of England, men not to be cast away or lost, for they can pleasure or offend England more than Athol's or Huntley's forces. The Regent confesses he thinks peace the better, and asked Argyle to win the Duke and Huntley to the King, wherein he promised to travail earnestly and help this work forward. Argyle undertook with a small matter to make all Ulster obedient to the Queen in a few days. Desires to know if he think fit to entertain him further in this point. The Regent said if he could have aid from England he would put an end to the war and controversy. The Castilians at all times would give him occasion by breach of the abstinence, but he cannot well make war till Parliament be ended; firstly, because Parliament could not well be held during war because of the Castle, and the Parliament must be holden for many weighty causes; secondly, is the Regent's indispositon, because he is unable to travel for a month or two, but rather [is obliged] to keep his chamber under the surgeon's care of a disease in the genitories that has troubled him five or six years. The noblemen grow in liking of the Regent. Argyle and Oliphant are his, with the Earls of Glencairn and Montrose. Lords Ruthven and Glammis are coming shortly, and will continue with the Regent to the end of the Parliament. The marriage between the Earl of Angus and the late Regent's daughter is thus far over, and the marriage money and jointure are agreed upon. Both the Regent and the Castilians have heard that an ambassador is come out of France into England, and is presently to pass into Scotland, of whom he has heard nothing. Has heard of one Peter Slingsby, of Richmondshire, who is a great conveyer of English geldings into Scotland. Earnestly desires his revocation. Has heard nothing since of the "great matter," and means not to pass further than he has had commission. Sends a copy of a sermon made by the Bishop of Galloway during the troubles.—Edinburgh, 10 December 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 5⅓.
Dec. 10. 663. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The Legate stays here until there comes resolution touching that they have lately treated here. The number of those of the religion in Languedoc is much increased, and they have taken Savenne, where the gunpowder is made. Of late there is arrived one from the Duke of Bavaria, which is thought to proceed from the Cardinal of Lorraine's persuasions, with commission to make great offers to the King to encourage him to embrace the League, and to prosecute the rooting out of those of the religion here. M. De la Mothe has earnestly recommended to their Majesties certain requests commended to him by the Lords of the Council, whereupon Pinart has been sent to assure him that there shall be justice done.—Paris, 10 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Dec. 14. 664. The Town of Rochelle to Charles IX.
1. Declare that notwithstanding the presence of a large force in their neighbourhood under Strozzi and the Baron De la Garde, they had all confidence in the observance of the terms and conditions which he had granted to them until this last massacre at Paris and other towns in the realm opened their eyes and compelled them to stand on their defence. As they have never given His Majesty any cause of displeasure they find it very strange that M. De Biron should enter into this government with artillery and batter certain castles and houses, contrary to all justice, and in violation of their rights and privileges. They humbly beg that he will not be offended that they do not suffer him to enter the town, and that it will please him to cause such evil treatment to cease. They further supplicate that instead of sending armies, ships, and artillery against them he will cause a firm peace to be made, giving them liberty of worship according to his former edicts of pacification, and not constrain them to make such an abjuration as they understand has been published throughout the realm.
2. Remind him what impunity the wicked will enjoy if his most faithful subjects are massacred and destroyed, and how little glory will accrue to so powerful a king by the destruction of one of his own "bonne petite" towns.—Rochelle, 14 Dec. 1572.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Dec. 14. 665. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Captain Read has arrived with 2,000l., for which he has given him a receipt. Sends a reckoning of the former sums, a like whereof he sent last Michaelmas.—Berwick, 14 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
Dec. 666. Secret Service Money.
A copy of the account sent to Lord Burghley on 25 Sept. 1572 (which see).
Enclosure. Pp. 1⅓.
Dec. 17. 667. Occurrents from France.
Strozzi has taken Marans, not far from Rochelle, and put the garrison to the sword. La Noue has entered Rochelle, and they are now inclined to yield upon capitulations. The Baron De la Garde has taken three ships laden with corn. The Court hopes to reduce all to inward quietness. Movements of the Guises, the Duke of Alva, and the Prince of Orange. News from Germany. The Turk is preparing 400 galleys towards the spring.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
Dec. 17. 668. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
1. Has been in this town these five or six days conferring upon Scottish matters with Sir W. Drury. Lord Gray has written to the Regent offering obedience to him and the King, so that there are none now that mislike his election but those of the Queen's faction.
2. The Earl of Rothes has offered to be a mean to deal with Grange for composition, which the Regent liked so well that he sent Lord Boyd to confer with him. The Regent is in some danger of his life, and not whole in his mind, which must be cured by the Queen, otherwise they will do but small good this Parliament in Scotland. On the morrow he returns to Scotland. Lord Home wished to take hold of the offer made him touching restoring of his house, but was answered that as he had not taken such reasonable and favourable conditions at the first, his answer had been sent up, and further commandment was to be sent before he [Killigrew] could resolve him; this he took so much to heart, that it is like to breed some division between him and Lethington. It will make him advise himself better should like occasion happen again. Desires to know how far he may promise the Queen's liberality to Argyle; he would gladly have a pension, but Burghley knows how he may deserve the same, and what stead he may stand them in Ireland. The abstinence is like to expire before he receives his answer, and he knows not how to behave himself therein; the Regent cannot make war without money, except to the great danger of his cause and his life. Suspects that the Castilians will not prorogue the abstinence for fear of the Parliament, which cannot be holden in Edinburgh without their consent.
3. Encloses a letter from the Regent on behalf of a Scottishman that had money taken from him as he passed without Berwick, has informed him there was no remedy, unless the Queen pardoned her moiety of the sum. Has spoken nothing in the hearing of De Croc, or otherwise, that should give just cause that he should receive other than good entreatment from the French Court. Begs him to have his return in remembrance, if the same may be without prejudice to the Queen's service, as he begins to despair of of being profitable.—Berwick, 17 December 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
Dec. 18. 669. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Understands that the following are the principal articles of composition propounded by them of Rochelle. First, that they may have free exercise of their religion; secondly, that they may keep the old and ancient liberties of their town; thirdly, that instead of M. Biron they may have La Noue as their governor. It is thought that the King will consent to these articles, with intention to observe them, as he has done others before; also that this composition will serve for an introduction to others who hold out to do the like, which makes them here very merry.—Paris, 18 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Dec. 21. 670. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Thinks that the money may be best and secretly received by the Regent as if lent by Sir Valentine Browne, and but four persons to be witness of the delivery thereof, Mr. Killigrew and one with him to deliver, and the Regent and one with him to receive, with protestation and vow for silence and secrecy. Sends a letter received from George Pringle, and desires to know whether he shall be employed, or what he shall do. Sends also what has happened in the Bass.— Berwick, 21 Dec. 1572, Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
671. Murder on the Bass Rock.
William Lauder, a bastard son of the Laird of Bass, having by sleight dispossessed his lawful brother of that place, whom he also kept prisoner, the same secretly took two pistols under his cloak, and finding this bastard his brother at play, or such like, drew near him and slew him with a pistol, which done he took him to an upper room for safety, but was by the said bastard's servants taken and kept as prisoner. The bastard kept here a woman by whom he had two children, and after he received his hurt his servants would have revenged the same, but he would not suffer it.
Enclosure. P. ½.
Dec. 22. 672. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Sends a copy of the letter he wrote to Mr. Secretary. M. D'Aix has stolen away from Constantinople, and is presently at Brousa. The King is very much offended, and has sent expressly willing him upon his allegiance to return and continue his charge. Some guess that the cause of his departure was that he feared the King would give order for the murdering of him there as suspected for religion. The Cardinal of Lorraine, before his departure from Rome, promised the Pope that the King should enter into the League, which is not thought fit until he has appeased his troubles at home. It is thought that the cause of the Duke of Savoy's coming tends to make some complot against Geneva, and also a straiter amity between this crown and Spain by means of the marriage of Monsieur and the King of Spain's daughter. They seem no less sorry here for the death of the Earl of Derby than for that of the Duke of Chatelherault. Thanks him for his care in finding out some other to supply his room here.—Paris, 22 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
Dec. 20. 673. Walsingham to [Sir Thomas Smith].
Has not yet communicated Her Majesty's answers on account of the sickness of the Queen Mother, seeing that the government rests wholly in her hands. On the 18th the King, by mischance of another man's sword, received a slight hurt in his left arm. M. De la Noue can do no good at Rochelle, where they imprison as many as persuade them to yield; therefore it is said that Monsieur and M. le Duc [Alençon] shall march thither about the end of January. Yesterday there was news from Switzerland that at the last Diet they have concluded not to let the King have any more succours. Soldiers of judgment here conclude that without either Swiss or Almains the King cannot besiege Rochelle, for the Frenchmen are not fit for the keeping of artillery, or to make the body of the battle of footmen. The King daily sends into Germany to appease them and procure succours, but has received at their hands many a churlish answer. On the 19th there arrived the Bishop of Valence's secretary out of Poland, who gave them great hopes of the election of Monsieur, but by reason of the plague the nobility have not yet assembled. The Venetians have taken four French ships and put some to the torture, and the King has given them of Marseilles leave to use all means of revenge.—Paris, 20 Dec. 1572.
Endd. Enclosure. Pp. 1½.
Dec. 24. 674. The Count of Montgomery to Lord Burghley.
Reminds him of his former request for the relief of Rochelle with provisions and munitions of war, and begs that the deputies of the said town, who are in England, may have permission to purchase such things as they have need of, and, further, that Captain Sores may not be molested for anything that may have happened during the late troubles.—London, 24 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Dec. 25. 675. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The King has received great contentation by Mauvissiere's report touching Her Majesty's intention for the continuance of amity, as also for that she accepts the King's request touching the spiritual alliance, whereof the Parisians hope she shall receive as great comfort as the Huguenots did of the Navarre marriage. Touching Stewarde, it seems that all things go well. They are here given to understand that the new Regent is in some peril through sickness, whereupon they have dispatched one into Scotland with commission to promise the Scots of their party that after the taking of Rochelle such ships as are employed there shall repair into Scotland with succours. Hopes his successor will accompany the Earl of Worcester thither.—Paris, 25 December 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Dec. 26. 676. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Has received Her Majesty's warrant for the defray of 2,500l. in extraordinary causes. Sir William Drury and he travail to see what may be done by bullion. But there is no hope of any quantity to be had in these parts or in Scotland, and therefore will be forced to pay in gold; they have devised for the secrecy thereof that the same may come as upon credit from Browne for corn and provisions. There comes small good from the late proclamation for the valuation of the last Scotch coin by reason of the concourse between the realms, which is much greater than in times past. If there were a permission in this town for some "dodkyn" money as was at0,00,00,45| 565 565 0 0 Calais of lead or copper to serve for small money it would do much good, and save much money every year going now out for viands.—Berwick, 26 December 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Dec. 28. 677. Maisonfleur to [Burghley].
Waited four days at Dover for news from "the lord whom he knows," and has returned to this town where he heard a report that two young men couriers had been drowned near Amiens. Thinks that this report has been spread in order to conceal the rifling of Walter Huilleurs and his own servant. His suspicions are increased because he gave express orders that his man should return immediately, and a fortnight has already passed since he set out. If this has happened, in addition to his alarm for the extreme danger in which his master may be placed, he would be sorry that the least mischief should happen to England. Supposing these people have been searched the packets will have been found and Lucidor and Clevis arrested, and the other party can make use of the countersign which [Burghley] gave him, and which is enclosed in the letter of Lucidor. They may perchance send to the port where [Burghley's] armed ship is waiting some officers and soldiers, who by showing the countersign may easily get possession, by causing them to believe that they are those whom they expected. They might further join with other armed ships filled with French soldiers, and sail at once for England, where they would find free entry by virtue of the said countersign, and thus would arise danger of surprise to some port or town of the kingdom. Therefore he advises him to send to all the havens, and direct that no ship be allowed to enter without it being first known who are in her. Would be much grieved if any hurt should happen to this realm, which has been prepared from all time as a sure retreat for the elect. London, 28 Dec. 1572.
Endd. by Burghley. Fr. Pp. 2⅓.
Dec. 30. 678. The Count of Montgomery to the Governor of Guernsey.
Desires that he will impart any news that may arrive. Can only inform him of the cruelties which continue to be exercised in France against those of the Reformed religion by the massacre of old and young women and children throughout the kingdom. Sends him a list of those who have escaped. Cognac and St. Jean d'Angeli still are held by the religion. It is reported that the Queen of France has been brought to bed of a son, and has begged the King to pardon all the Huguenots with the exception of their ministers; also that the Princes of Germany and the Prince of Orange have declared war against the French King for his cruelty, anddeclared war against the French King for his cruelty, and in respect of his far distance and mis-knowledge of the Scottish controversies, and the person who should be judge in the cause should avow the true religion. Thus they have declared their obstinate presumption above the bounds of reason and measure, as unwilling of good and tolerable peace, but rather desirous that the realm shall continue in civil war, which by their occasion only is renewed, and to continue the war by themselves and the strangers that they have procured, although they be destitute of other faction or fellowship in those of Navarre threaten the same unless the King is set at liberty. Those of Rochelle have slain more than 1,500 of Strozzi's men.—Jersey, 30 Dec. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.