1109. Disbursements for Secret Intelligence.
Sir W. Drury, Marshal of Berwick, prays allowance for
money by him disbursed for secret intelligence and sundry
causes tending to the Queen's service, from the 17th February
to 1st August 1573, amounting to the sum of one hundred
and ten pounds. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
1110. Captain Cockburn to H. Killegrew.
Saw Sir Walter Mildmay the day he departed, who
"took well with him." On the "morn at night" came to
York, when the Lord President looked at the date of his
letters, "speirret" his age and marvelled. Departed from
York at nine in the morning, supped with the Dean of
Durham, and lay that night in Newcastle. On the morn
came to Sir John Foster, who treated him well and made him
good cheer; he read not his letters by reason he was playing
at the tables. Came that night to Berwick; the treasurer
treated him very well, thereafter to Coldinghame; he and his
wife were away; came by Clerkington and supped in Ormiston,
and delivered the tokens to her and the others. Thereafter
came to his bed in Edinburgh, and in the morning heard that
the Regent was in Aberdour, and would be in Edinburgh that
Thursday at night. Met his Grace on Wednesday at the
Queen's Ferry and there spake at length. He and all that
fear God wish him here again, the ministers long for him.
He has heard of Captain Robson's great success; there is
great number to follow, and embarking daily. Montgomery
has passed from the Lord Cathcart and other young noblemen, to know the state and return with speed. Lord Seton
is excommunicated, and Athol has a short day to run or else
to be excommunicated. The Earl of Argyle marries the Earl
of Glencairn's daughter shortly. "The good Regent here is
ever the longer the better loved." On the last of July John
Dury preached before the Regent, and failed not to recommend the folks he knows, the King of France and his mother.
There is a little book set out of their innocency, if it be of
effect it will be thought that the Regent and Burghley have
done them great wrong, but they have the better end of the
staff. Understands a young woman of late has borne a bairn
to Grange, and that he yesterday sent a love letter to her.
Doubts not but he will cause his services to be commended
to the Earl of Leicester, the Lord Treasurer, &c. Edinburgh,
1 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1111. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Cannot as yet get audience with the King, whether it be
done on purpose, or whether their longing be satisfied by the
Queen's letters, before the receipt whereof they were "with
child" to hear the Queen's news. Has written his doings
with the Queen Mother at large, so that the Queen may not
only see the words, but also what by them may be gathered.
Thinks the King of Poland will find the league of the
Easterlings to be necessary to him.—Paris, 1 August 1573.
Add. Endd. P 1.
1112. Dr. Dale to the Queen.
The King has been so busy receiving the King of Poland,
and the Queen Mother has had so much ado to compass money
for this entry and the voyage of her son, that he cannot as yet
have audience of them all, but the Queen Mother sent for him on
Thursday last. First he opened at large her Majesty's care for
the continuance of the amity, and that she found many difficulties that counterpoised her good affection to stay the earnest
request of M. de la Mothe, and that she (the Queen Mother)
might perceive her good meaning by the draft of the safe conducts he supposed she had seen. She said that it was the suit of
her son to see her (the Queen), and if her son was not liked
of as she wished, yet that the amity might continue as it had
done; if she would give her son some general word of comfort they would be very glad, and all her doubt was she was
determined not to marry, but if it were not utterly to forbear
marriage, then they would adventure the rest. He said that
it did not stand to her honour to give any further comfort
than presently she found cause, and that it was far from her
nature to give any ear to the suit if she were resolutely
minded not to enter into marriage; he moved also that if
passage was accorded to the Duke that it might not be bruited
abroad, and that it might be under coverture of the King's
repair to the seaside, or otherwise as a matter not of purpose
but rather presented by occasion. Told her that passage had
been granted to a gentleman to pass to Scotland, and desired
that it might be one that would do good, and so declared Her
Majesty's honourable dealing in that country, and that all her
forces were retired. She passed that matter over as one that
does not take it so much to stomach as some men would have
her do, or else dissimuling it for the advancing of her present
suit. Declared her contentment and that of her subjects at
the peace that was passed, and how glad she would be if
the rest were at repose. She said all was ended; but when
he begun to press her that she perceived he understood the
contrary, she said Montaubon had rendered, and that she
thought Nismes would likewise be contented. She granted
that they of Sancerre were yet besieged because they were
obstinate. He said he trusted the King would not mislike
if he made suit to him, not only for the care of his subjects,
but for the quiet of his whole realm, and desired she would
put her helping hand thereunto.—Paris, 1st Aug.
Copy. Pp. 6½. Enclosure.
1113. Occurrents in France.
The Protestants are possessed of a town in Languedoc
called Aiguesmortes, one of the best havens in that sea, and
a town of great force. The soldiers that came from Rochelle
are arrived in Normandy, where the principal of them are
selected, and others levied to furnish the number of 4,000 by
M. de Milleray. The King has sent to desire passage by the
land of the Turk, if need be, to Wallachia, and so by that
way to Poland. The ambassador of Spain, understanding
that a courier coming from Spain towards Flanders had been
spoiled of his letters by the way, made suit to the King, of
whom he had answer that the courier was going towards
England with letters and jewels to the Queen and not
1114. Robert Montgomery to Killegrew.
He shall not find him unthankful for all that he has obliged
him where his ability and power may extend. Is directed by
the Regent to go towards Flanders to offer the Prince of
Orange 1,000 horsemen and 2,000 footmen to assist him in
the general cause under Lord Cathcart. Prays he will inform
the Queen, so that if they should arrive upon any of her
coasts in their voyage they may find her favour and goodwill towards them upon their expenses.—Edinburgh, 2 Aug.
Add. P. ½.
1115. Dr. Valentine Dale to the Queen.
Had audience with the King and declared her goodwill
towards his crown, and how earnestly she desired him to
consider of those points of difficulty opened to his ambassador,
and always be careful this treaty might not breed any mis
contentment of any part. He answered that he had many
ways perceived her goodwill towards him; but forasmuch as
she did speak somewhat ambiguously touching his brother's
matter, he would write his mind to De la Mothe, to be by him
declared to her at large. He (Dale) further declared what
good contentment she and all her subjects had of the peace,
and how glad she would be to hear that the whole realm was
in quiet. The Queen Mother in effect used the same speech the
King had done, saving that she added she must needs desire
her to be resolute, and though it were wisdom to take counsel
in all things, yet in this she should follow her own resolution.
He said mildly that because the matter touched her so near
she had most cause to be well advised. At his departure he
recommended the quiet of the poor men of the religion, whereunto she said nothing but as she was wont, "Il ne tient qu'a
eulx."—Paris, Aug. 1573.
Copy. Pp. 2½.
1116. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Upon better advice they do not conceive much hope. They
consider la honte the Duke might have if he should miss, and
it is like they will be importunate to get some further word
of comfort, and upon that determine whether the Duke shall
come over; as for himself, he is ready to all things. He
looked to have had some news, and showed himself glad to
do anything he should be appointed. His pockholes are
thick but not great, as are seen in many men, whose faces are
little disfigured with them if the trait of the visage and the
colour of the face do otherwise like. He was bashful and
blushed at parting; his speech is not so fast, and seems more
advised than his brothers'; "statura mediocre." The King of
Poland thanked him for the Queen's letters of congratulation,
and said he would have the like goodwill to her at all times,
and acknowledged how necessary the Queen's favour was
for his greatness and safety. Franciotto takes upon himself
to be a dealer in the great matter, and will come over into
England about it. The Poles do not greatly long for the
4,000 Gascons that were to pass there, and therefore it is
thought they shall pass not at all.—Paris, 2 Aug. 1573.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1117. The Regent of Scotland to Killegrew.
On Monday the 3rd, Grange, his brother James, with
Mosman and Cokky, the goldsmiths that made the counterfeit
money, were executed. Sends the offers made for Grange's
life, which are as large as possibly might have been offered;
yet considering what has been and is daily spoken by the
preachers, that God's plague will not cease till the land
be purged of blood, and having regard that such as are
interested by the death of their friends, the destruction of
their houses, and the awaytaking of their goods, could not be
satisfied by any offer made to him in particular, he deliberated
to let justice proceed. Has written to Lady Lennox to crave
at the Marshal of Berwick's hands the jewels of the King,
which he is bound by promise to deliver; it may be that he
will use them liberally at Court and make friends by them,
therefore prays him advise her in what order it is best to
handle the matter. Has caused Grange and Lord Home to
be examined upon the report in print of their defection from the
Earl of Murray. He shall receive their examination by Captain
Cockburn. Trusts all letters they had will be deciphered
speedily. There is a long one from Lethington to the Bishop
of Ross at the time of Sussex being on the Border, wherein is
enough of matter little worth the hearing. If Peter Young finds
any difficulty he will direct them to him. Is well in hand with
Border matters, having with him the principal of the Borderers
and sundry of the chief thieves awaiting to see what appointment they can find. John Maitland, Lethington's brother,
has declared that the French King, as fearing the dissolution
of the amity between this realm and his crown, is altogether
enemy to the King's estate, and would do what he is able to
compass the overthrow thereof, as he would have uttered in
effect if by the keeping of Rochelle his forces had not been
diverted; that there is a league between the Pope, the Emperor, and the Kings of France and Spain, whereby they are
bound with joint forces to assail this isle. The Pope seemed
to be the procurer thereof, under the pretext of re-establishing
the Catholic religion, but in effect was moved by the King of
Spain for particular respects. There was a practice of marriage between Don John of Austria and the Queen of Scots,
the course whereof by her restraint has been interrupted, but
is yet entertained by ministers on both parts who are awaiting
till occasion shall serve to prosecute further. The foreign nation
in whom the Castle had greatest confidence was France,
wherefrom they should have had threescore thousand francs by
the year; that which Chisholm brought was the first quarter.
The reason wherefore the King of France was so earnest to
maintain that faction is that he thinks not only that he has
lost through the King's party the amity and good intelligence
so long continued between this realm and his crown, but also
has received divers foils and been constrained to suffer great
indignities of England; so he intends, having quieted his own
country, to subvert the present state and alter the government here, which he thinks would be easy to compass either
by force or by capitulation, or compounding differences with
the Queen of England. Has sent a cast of falcons to the
Lord President, and as many to Lord Scrope, and desired that
the Earl of Leicester shall send direction to some at Berwick
to receive such hawks as he will send.—Holyrood House,
5 Aug. 1573. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 2¼.
1118. Offers for Grange's Life.
Fivescore gentlemen, the least of them having heritage
worth 500 marks Scottish in the year, kinsmen, friends, and
well-willers of Grange, offer to the Regent in their names and
his that they will become servants, themselves and their
offspring, perpetually to the houses of Angus and Morton, by
giving of their bond and man-rent, and should hold their
whole heritage of those houses, and for more thraldom shall
pay 20l. annually. They offer, for satisfying of costs made by
the Regent, 20,000l., to be paid betwixt this and Michaelmas.
In case Grange shall in any time hereafter come in the
contrary of the King's service, they offer that they may lose
their heritage and all other things that may serve for satisfying. There are jewels of the Queen's in sundry hands to
the value of 20,000l., which they offer to be delivered.
Signed: Barnbowgall, for sundry gentlemen, who hereafter
shall give their names in writing.
Copy. Endd. P. 1. Enclosure.
1119. The Regent of Scotland to Lady Lennox.
Advertises her of the execution of Grange and others. Of
the plate and jewels little was left in the Castle, but dispersed
and engaged for money to entertain the war, yet the inventory and manner of their disposition fell into his hands. Has
since used his goodwill and diligence to recover such again as
were recoverable, amongst others such as the Marshal of Berwick has as appears by Grange's deposition. Has thought good
to let the craving of them from him now being in the south
be by her, whereby he shall be the rather moved to do that
which he is "debtbound" by accord and promise. It may be
that he will be liberal of this gear and thus think to acquire
favor at Court, wherein Mr. Killegrew shall give her his best
advice, being well acquainted with the Marshal's dealings in
this and other matters.—Holyrood House, 5 August 1573.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1120. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Perceives upon the hearing of his last account to Michaelmas 1571 touching the allowance of the fees of himself, the
Controller, and the Surveyor in the books of the works,
a special caveat has been entered to restrain his allowance
from thence, until a new warrant were obtained from the
Queen for the same. The knowledge of the restraint came
not until Candlemas last, and the Controller and Surveyor
had received allowance according to the former warrants
from Michaelmas 1571 to Christmas last, and therefore is a
humble suitor that he may not be abridged of any of the
allowance until the time of the warning given to him. The
same was granted to him on the breaking up of the fortifications, in consideration of the bargain for the victualling of
the town, as without which he would not have adventured
therein, being so hard a reckoning as he does every year
spend thereon all manner of his own allowances and a good portion more, to the decay of his living formerly gotten, by reason
of continual repair of decayed places in the weakened walls,
wherein every year one piece or another of the old wall falls
in. The Controller has not been there for two or three years,
and the Surveyor not occasioned to send to any place out of
the town. The bridge is presently in hand, wherein he has
had somewhat ado with Mr. Johnson, the surveyor, to travail
therein with his advice and attendance by reason of the
restraint of his allowance, having besides no living of the
Queen but eight pence by the day as master mason; beseeches
for his encouragement to have letters to continue the payment
of twenty-two pence per diem granted to him, which with the
said eight pence makes two shillings and six pence per diem,
wherewith he would be well contented, until he should be
employed for any new fortification.—Berwick, 5 August 1573.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
1121. Robert Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Understands how the Queen has been favorable to him in
suiting for his life, and that he has been his special good lord
in remembering the old favor shown to him at all times, and
will return the same with service and good will.—Lethington
House, in prison, 6 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1122. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Cavalcanti told him that a great man, one of the most
secret of the Council, conferred with him touching the Duke,
and cast many doubts that the Queen should mean not to
conclude this way, and what disgrace and dishonour it should
be to them here, and what grief and offence it was like to
breed, and that they would gladly know further of her mind
before they went further, and therefore did mind to send some
one better to feel her inclination, and to declare to her in
secresy what dangerous enterprises had been purposed which
they for good will had forborne, and what dangerous matter
might be avoided by the amity; they doubted whether they
should send him (Cavalcanti) alone, or the great man in post,
and him to go before to know if it should be her pleasure that
the great man should come, in which thing he asked his
mind. Made answer he had no commission to deal in any
such thing and therefore could say nothing thereon; howbeit
to discourse as a friend he said the King and Queen Mother
did best know how often the Queen by mouth, by letter, by
him, by Mr. Horsey, and by all means declared her care lest
this matter might breed unkindness, how they did not only
protest that this matter should not diminish any amity of
their side, the Queen Mother adding she would remain in
amity though the Queen would the contrary; she would never
give ear to their suit if she were determined to the contrary.
One thing he would advise them well to beware lest they
pressed her over much, for fear that while they went about to
win some further point of her, they might break off all; for
himself he never saw better way to do good than frankly to
trust to her good nature. Advised him not to deal in this
matter alone, but to have some man to help bear the blame
if things were not well taken of either side. The Duke has
been sick this three or four days and is thought to be upon
recovery. Has sent the Secretary the very true copy of the
peace of Rochelle, which is kept so secret here that they dare
not shew it. They of Nismes have demanded respite to
advise themselves whether they will accept the peace, and
Languedoc remains in arms. M. de Valence is arrived with the
ambassadors from Poland, except those stayed by the Duke
of Saxony, who are released and are looked for at Metz
shortly. The two Huntleys are arrived with great countenance, and Gondy sent word there are other two Scotchmen
passed in haste from Spain into Flanders, to the intent he
might inquire who they are and what their errand might be.
Such is their jealousy with Spain, but the Spaniards are even
with them, for they are ready to advertise any practise that
may be wrought against England by them, for which purpose
he does the more entertain the ambassador of Spain by message
to and fro.—Paris, 8 August 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—As far as he can gather it is the Count de Retz they
mind to send; he shall come to Calais either for the setting
forth of the ships for the King of Poland, or at least for the
countenance thereof, and so take his passage and make his
return before it be known. If he misses of the person or
they change their determination prays him to help make his
excuse, for in such a case he would rather advertise what
he can gather than nothing at all. Upon his persuasion
Cavalcanti said they are resolved not to press to win any
further matter of the Queen, but that this man shall do all
good offices of courtesy and persuasion. Franciotto is already
towards England, and says he will do somewhat both in this
matter and for them of the religion there.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
1123. Thomas Wilkes to Walsingham.
One Mr. Gordon a Protestant, and servant of the King, and
in times past preferred in England to the late Duke of Norfolk
by the Lord Treasurer, and suspected of dealing between the
Duke and the Queen of Scots, he being a Scot born, and
times past servant to the Queen of Scots, came to the Court
and told him that while the Queen Mother was at Charleval
she took occasion to demand of him certain things touching
the state in England, and particularly of the Queen's life and
disposition. He gave that commendation of her virtues that
he knew in his conscience to be true. Then she likewise asked
him what he thought would be the success of their suit to her.
He answered that the Queen would the rather accept their
suit, as she would make the surer knot of amity between
England and France, as not any way trusting the Spaniard,
although she were now in league with him, and she would
the sooner give ear to them, considering the state of England
were to receive alteration, if it should please God to take her
away without issue, she yet being in sufficient plight to bear
children, and desiring the quietness and long weal of her
state. What was of the greatest force and efficacy to prove
the sequel was that the Earl of Leicester and the Lord
Treasurer, who have borne the greatest sway under her
since the beginning of her reign, and received great advancement, to the discontentation of those of the contrary religion,
would by all means add their goodwills to the advancing of
such a one by whom they might be defended from all storms
of fortune, for the Duke has always been well affected towards
the Hugenots, and it is likely will prove one if he come over
into England, which argument was very well liked of the
Queen Mother. These things he insinuated to him that the
Lord Treasurer might know his goodwill towards England,
and him particularly, and herewithal began to excuse himself
of the suppositions had of him for dealing between the Duke
and the Queen of Scots, and purge himself of the book that is
written in the defence of the Queen of Scots, which he protests he never knew of. He offered to come over and abide
the Lord Treasurer's disposition, and also to give such intelligence from time to time as he might without the prejudice of
his credit where he is, he being a gentleman of the King's
chamber. It is reported that Languedoc after a truce taken
for certain days to deliberate whether they might accept the
peace, are in the end yielded thereunto. Dauphiny requires
four towns for their surety, and otherwise will not accept
the peace, and therefore they have determined to cool them
by force if they can. The entry for Poland is hastened sooner
than it should have been by eight days, and it is thought he
will take his journey through Germany. There was 50,000l.
given for the preparation of the ships, which are called in
again. There is great talk here of the setting forth of the
Queen's navy. Sends copy of an oration pronounced by the
Rochellois to the King of Poland on his departing thence.—
Paris, 8 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
1124. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
They have done nothing for matter of counsel touching
their sending to the Queen, but have gone to make merry in
this town and St. Germains, where there happened one thing
very offensive in the house of De Prat, Provost of Paris, who
was hostage with the Queen; his horses were taken out of his
stables, and a few crowns borrowed of him in sport. Yesterday the Queen Mother desired him to advertise that the Duke
had been sick for eight days of a fervent fever, and that now
he was better amended, and the pourpres did appear upon
him, and was like to do well shortly, which was the cause
they had not sent any word to De la Mothe. Has spoken
again with the King of Poland, who gives great thanks to
the Queen's Majesty, and entertains all them that come
to congratulate him, with such general words of thanks,
without moving any particular matter.—Paris, 11 August
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1125. R. Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Is not able to acquit himself of the great favour shewn to
him in need, but to his utter power shall wish him all prosperity and be thankful for his benevolence. Prays him to be
a mean to the Queen to solicit the Regent that he may find
favour, as he has enemies who are busy to hinder him. Has
written to the Queen to give her thanks for his life. Prays
him present his commendations to his lady for her kindness to him in his misery.—Lethington House, 12 August.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1126. Robert Melvil to Lord Burghley.
Prays him to continue in requesting the Queen to write in
his favour to the Regent, and to write himself, for he has
good hope in the Regent's goodness, but he has particular
enemies that travail in the contrary, burdening him with
knowledge or consent to every murder or bloodshed, but is
fallen in this trouble for the promise made to the Queen
being moved by others to deal therein. Killigrew will inform
him of his part, and at his power he is willing to be a
faithful servant to the King.—Lethington House, 14 August.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1127. Rowland Johnson to Lord Burghley.
1. Sir Valentine Browne shews him that he has been commanded to pay no more the 22 pence a day that was added
to his poor fee of eight pence a day for his better relief; he
humbly beseeches him to stand his good lord in the same,
for he is a poor man, and may very evil travail in any long
suit. When he was given a special charge for the building
of the bridge when it was broken down with the great tempest,
he must remember in what miserable case it then was, and
for that he had special commandment, he searched his poor
wit to do the best, and also the pains and diligence that lay
in him to accomplish it according to the Queen's expectation,
as Sir Valentine Browne can declare, who took no small pains
in the same, for that he did see the work not only huge but
chargeable and dangerous, being water work, and by his good
relief to the poor workmen made them the more willing to
apply themselves. For the wage of the last year's work, the
Treasurer says that it is stayed, and if any of them all deserve
any wage in the work, it was deserved the last year, for there
wanted not all manner of pains and diligence that they could
do. Beseeches him to signify his pleasure therein to Sir
Valentine Browne that his favourable answer and direction
may be known. Berwick, 14 August 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—Till such time as his full resolution come in these
causes, they can make no reckoning with Sir Valentine
Browne, either for victuals or wages.
Add. Endd. P. 12/3.
1128. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Duke is on recovery, but he cannot learn if they have
made any further resolution touching his matter, but stand
upon their former intention. They make hard shifts for
money at the Italians' hands, who have marvellous gain in bargains of offices and other revenues of the King. It is secretly
spoken there should be some quarrel at Dantzic between them
of the town and young Lansac's men, which is the more like
because they of Dantzic are a free city, who of late years have
found themselves grieved with the King of Poland for that
he did proffer to usurp upon them; and now they may well
doubt by the example of Metz, that if they should admit the
French, they would make themselves masters of that town
to receive such forces as may come from time to time by sea.
If they of Dantzic will not suffer their forces to land there,
they have no good mean to bring any power of men from
hence to Poland. Peradventure he shall think it good that
the Dantzic men may be warned to stand upon their guard,
and so let all the enterprises the French may have by sea.
The peace of Rochelle is newly published in the Court of
Parliament. The Duke of Longueville is dead, and the Prince
of Condé sick. Paris, 15 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
1129. Nicholas Guildenstiern to Lord Burghley.
Excuses his delay in answering his letter. Has endeavoured
to obtain repayment of the money owing to the merchants,
but the war with the Muscovites and other difficulties have
interfered with his success; but trusts that the matter may be
settled on the return of peace. Stockholm, 16 August 1573.
Add. Endd. Lat. P. ½.
1130. Thomas Morgan to Lord Burghley.
Encloses the particulars of their late success. The Duke
pending his attempt upon Zealand, committed the direction
of the affairs by land to Mondragon, by sea to Bevois, who
with 40 hoys and 14 great ships, addressed for the victualling
of Middleburgh, descended the river and landed near Campvere, at a place called the Hague. Flushing, 16 August 1573.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
1131. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Sends a packet from Robert Melvil brought to him that
morning by Captain Home. To-morrow the Regent takes
his journey from Holyrood to Peebles towards Annandale,
opposite the West Marches, for taking order with the thieves
of those parts. Has sent 40 soldiers of the garrison to watch
that none of the rebels resort to these Marches for succour.
Berwick, 18 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
1132. Dr. Valentine Dale to [Lord Burghley].
Two Poles, mentioned in a letter from Sturmius, showed
him a procuration of them of the religion in Poland to deal
with the French King and the King of Poland for them of
the religion in France and Poland, and said in good Latin
speech, that for as much as they could not compass the
election of a Protestant, they were constrained rather than
choose the Muscovite or one of the House of Austria, to
choose one that was farthest off, who might be best ruled
and do least harm. They had made a general league among
themselves not to permit any innovation to the prejudice of
religion, the King promising to confirm it at his coronation.
They of Germany and Switzerland have also presented certain
requests to be obtained for them of the religion. He answered
that he could not do any service more to the Queen's contentation than to travail for the common cause of religion,
and the quietness of all Christendom. Shewed unto them
what peace had passed at Rochelle, and had been done at
Montauban and at Nismes, and how they of Dauphiny
and Languedoc remained in arms, and that men doubted of
the execution of the peace here as of the performance of
things promised in Poland, specially because the Pope had
sent an ambassador to congratulate the King of Poland,
and another with a rose of gold, and a third to follow the King
into Poland to solicit him to continue in his old disposition,
the Spanish ambassador did nothing else but persuade the
same, and the Cardinals here would never suffer them of
the religion to live in peace. Thought they had need to
take heed lest the French should possess themselves of some
seaport town by color of passage by sea, and so bring to pass
practices with the Papists, further to consider whether the
amity of the French with the Turk might not bring such
inconvenience in Poland as had happened in Hungary and
Transylvania. They were glad to hear of the state of things.
Touching the surprising of their ports, they hoped the King of
Denmark would not suffer any number of men to pass that
way. They doubted not the Turk because this King was
chosen against his mind, and they thought the King of Poland
would make himself strong against him to keep his own State.
Put them in remembrance that the French take the King of
Denmark to be their pensionary, and if they were never so
strong yet by factions many things might happen, and warned
them that the French would have secret counsels and practices
which they should be the last to know of. He will see that
the King had promised liberty of religion and how secretly it
is kept, to the intent to bring them of the religion to as
slender covenants as may be, and yet have they not granted
so much as they promised, and if they could have gotten by
force would not have granted anything at all. Prays for
directions how to govern himself to the Kings of France and
the King elect and the ambassadors of Poland. The two
Scottishmen that went through France into Flanders were
two Hamiltons, whereof one slew the Regent. It is now
spoken from the Count de Retz that he goes to England
shortly. There is a great faction at the court between the
friends of the Prince of Condé and the Duke of Nevers for the
government of Picardy, void by the death of the Duke of
Longueville. The Prince of Condé is so sick that some doubt
of his recovery. The Duke of Alençon is yet very weak of
his sickness.—Paris, 18 August 1573. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 3½.
1133. The Regent of Scotland to Lady Lennox.
Thanks her for the great care and goodwill she shews to
the furtherance of the King's affairs. Trusts to hear shortly
what expedition she is likely to find in the suit for the jewels,
wherein that man's dealing he hopes will not be allowed or
found honest. The pieces mentioned to have been delivered
by Archibald Douglas are delivered in the hands of Sir
Valentine Browne, who has disbursed the money for which
they lay in pawn. Stands unresolved of a great part of the
matters delivered to Henry Killegrew at his departing.—
Holyrood House, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1134. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Has good cause to acknowledge with thankful heart and
action Killegrew's honest and true part towards him; as he
has found better dealing with none of that nation of his
quality, would be most glad if it were the Queen's pleasure to
return him here. Prays him to be a good mean in furthering
the Queen's answer and resolution of that which was before
unanswered, and of that which he has newly written.—
Holyrood House, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
1135. Alexander Hay to Killegrew.
The Regent looks for more full resolution upon his reply,
reposing chiefly on his good will and travails. Huntley means
truth and peace, and could have wished his brother to have
tarried at home or passed another way, but having a greater
charge of attendants than his rent might bear, was constrained
to cross the sea, by which he might be discharged of his
burden. It may be that he shall not find such golden hills
in France, but come home unpaid of his pension as many of
his countrymen do; it shall not be evil done if the ambassador in France be warned to take heed of his state and
behaviour. The Queen's advice concerning the murders condemn those folks to despair, and gives them matter to think
what will be their relief when the King comes to perfect age.
The general assembly of the ministry has plainly denied to
discharge the Earl of Huntley of the thirds during the troubles,
and has allowed the order for distributing the present ministry
over all parts of the realm, which may help the policy of the
Kirk, but not greatly enrich the King. There is no pnblic
trouble presently saving between Athol and Macintosh, and
betwixt the Laird of Johnstone and the Grahams. The
Regent has obtained many of the jewels that were dispersed
in this realm, saving the piece that was in the Queen's hands,
which in the end it is thought she will deliver, before the
which she will not find greater favour. At Stirling the
charge of the King's house is committed to Alexander Erskine.
His presence here would do great good to their estate, and
entertain the amity better than any other means.—Edinburgh,
19 August 1573. Signed.
Endd. by Burghley. Mutilated. Pp. 1½.
1136. Sir John Forster to Lord Burghley.
Has made repair to the Regent at Edinburgh and had conference with him according to the tenor of the Queen's letters.
The Regent is now at Peebles, and he shall use his whole
power and force for the maintaining of his Grace's action.
"At my house nigh Alnwick," 21 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
1137. The Regent of Scotland to Sir John Forster.
Will be at Peebles on the 20th, and Langholme on the
24th, and would wish their meeting to be on the 25th, letting
him know of the time and place he thinks most convenient.
Prays him to join with the Lord Scrope, for the power of the
thieves has grown so strong within the West Wardenry,
that the Warden of himself is not able to destroy them, or to
give them (the Scotch) sufficient concurrence, not having his
assistance.—Holyrood House, 19 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½. Enclosure.
1138. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The coming of the Marshal de Retz is now to be a solemn
embassy and many come with him. His coming is to feel the
Queen's mind so far that they may resolve with themselves
whether it be best the Duke shall come over. The Queen
Mother is marvellously desirous of the matter. The Poles of
the religion are bent to demand the things they have been
promised in the articles. Touching the coming of the Count de
Retz, the Queen Mother made a smooth tale that because his
sickness let the voyage of the Duke even as he was coming,
and he was not yet strong, they sent the Marshal to declare
the desire they had to continue the suit, and also to visit the
Queen, seeing she came to the seaside towards this realm.
Entreated her earnestly for the poor men of Sancerre; she
answered shortly that they had yielded and the King had
taken them to mercy. Has at length gotten a letter to the
Queen from the King of Poland; he gives as good general
words as may be. The Prince of Condé has escaped his
extremity and is like to have his office withal, more by the
temperance of his competitor than otherwise; the people
were marvellously sorry when it was said that he was dead;
he has the pourpres as the Duke had.—Paris, 22 August
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1139. The Duke of Alencon to the Queen.
His sickness has up to the present time prevented his
writing, and has hindered him from seeking the interview
he so much desires. Has prayed his cousin the Marshal de
Retz to go and bear witness to her of his great grief thereat,
and the sincerity of his friendship and affection. Beseeches
her to credit him as himself.—Paris, 24 August 1573.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
1140. Charles IX King of France to Lord Burghley.
He has the good affection of a Prince who has a perpetual
remembrance of him and will be at all times pleased to
tell him how much he loves and admires him, in his efforts to
uphold the ancient amity and good intelligence between
England and France. Prays him to continue in such good
offices as will serve the common good of both kingdoms.—
Paris, 26 August 1573. Signed. Charles. Brulart.
Add. Endd.: "By the Marshal de Retz." Fr. P. ½.
1141. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Queen Mother has cast out some words that there
should be some practice in hand for the King of Spain to
convey the King of Scots into Spain by the help of a gentlewoman, and therefore was in the more jealousy of the two
Scottish men that passed into Flanders. There has been some
talk here among the French and Scottish men that there should
be some practice in hand from hence against the person of the
Regent. Has made a motion to have some learned men appointed for the hearing of the causes of Her Majesty's subjects;
otherwise things be done but by message, and never debated,
and so put off with a fair word or letter without any effect.
The merchants of Rouen desire confirmation of a patent he got
for them when he was here last, but this King has made a
grant of those things to an Italian. Has given the Marshal
of Retz his advice to deal with secrecy, and not to press her
further than may come of her own inclination. The King
said he chose this man to declare to her the bottom of his
heart, which he knows above all others. They understand
how needful the Queen's amity is to the Poles, and therefore
have given the Marshal instructions to speak some fair words
to her from the King of Poland. They make the Poles
believe that the siege of Sancerre will be raised at once; if it
be true it is a good deed, for it is said the poor men were
brought to such necessity that they had cast lots to eat
each other, or were very near so to do. They of Dantzic
would not consent to the election till such forces as were near
them were removed.—Paris, 28 August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
1142. Dr. Dale to Dr. Sturmius.
Has heard what has been promised to the Poles, and
knowing how great a difference there is between words and
deeds, sees slight hope of future tranquillity. The Queen of
England will exert her authority most freely for the benefit
of all afflicted Christians.
Draft. Lat. Pp. 1½. Enclosure.
1143. Plan of Scarborough.
Rough sketch of Scarborough in ink and pencil, showing
the castle and harbour, ships, and batteries.
1144. Proclamation on the Scottish Borders.
Proclamation by the Regent, in the name of the King of
Scotland, against all transgressors of the laws of both
countries at present hiding in the borders. It is thought
expedient that Sir James Home of Coldingknowes, Warden
of the East Marches, should meet with the opposite Warden
of England, and proceed in the delivering of all attempts
committed since the Regent's acception of the regency, without discharge or prejudice of all attempts committed before
the said day, which shall be redressed as shall be accorded
upon between the wardens. Commands that these letters be
read by open proclamation at the market cross, that none
pretend ignorance, and that all shall assist him in the punishment of open transgressors, as they will answer upon their
obedience.—Holyrood House, 1573.
Endd. P. 1.
1145. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
1. Has so travailed with the disordered people inhabiting the
frontiers as he hopes good surety shall arise therefrom,
wherein he has found the ready goodwill and concurrence of
the wardens. It rests that the Queen's commandment be
renewed to them to hold hand, that the work now begun may
be with the like goodwill and affection prosecuted; specially
that none declared traitors to the King find resort in England,
or be furnished with victuals in the Harlaw Woods, where
they have withdrawn themselves, and at this hand they shall
find no ease. Prays he may know the Queen's pleasure what
shall be thought meet to be done of him.—Kelso, 30 August
2. P.S.—Wishes the commandment to be sent to all the
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1146. M. Du Plessis to Lord Burghley.
The Duke of Alençon has commanded his brother, whose
letter he encloses, to inform the Queen that the Queen of
Scots makes great practices to have the same matins as those
of Paris, and that she has given advertisement in France that
it will be very soon. It would be well to take order therein
without loss of time, as doubtless some of the greatest people
are mixed up in it. Prays to be excused presenting the letter
personally, as the French Ambassador is in court.—London,
last day of August 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. 1.
1147. "Le Doyen" to M. Du Plessis.
Wishes to see him again a good Catholic, and has no doubt
that in looking over his books again he will see how greatly
he is mistaken. They are preparing the palace for the entry
of the King of Poland.—Paris, 28 July 1573. Signed.
Postscript in sympathetic ink, and almost illegible, containing the information from "la damoiselle" to "sa bonne amye"
regarding "la prisonniere" mentioned in the preceding
Endd. Fr. P. 1. Enclosure.
1148. Passage of the King of Poland.
As by reason of the great distance and uneasy passage by
land the King of Poland has determination to go thither by
sea, and by contrary weather or some other accident may
have to seek some port in England, the French King having
required her favour in that case, the Queen wills that he shall
be suffered quietly so to do, and his company courteously used
and supplied with victuals for their reasonable money.
Commands all captains of ships, commanders of castles,
mayors of towns, &c., to suffer them to pass along the coasts,
and in case of landing to abide till by convenient weather
they may depart, and to yield him honour, favour, and
assistance, under pain of punishment with all extremity.
Endd. P. 1.