1149. The Duke of Alençon.
Statement of the chief obstacles to the marriage of Queen
Elizabeth with the Duke of Alençon, particularly the great
difference of age, the possibility of his person being distasteful
to the Queen, the diversity of religion, and the great misliking of her subjects thereof, through the late massacre in
France. She was determined to marry more to please her
people, who now dissuade her as eagerly as before they prayed
her to marry.
In the autograph of Lord Burghley. Endd.: For M. de
Retz. Pp. 72/3.
1150. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Thinks that there would not be any one thing so meet for
him as the Deanery of Wells, but offers himself wholly to
what his Lordship shall think convenient. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
1151. Occurrents in France.
It is bruited that young Lansac is arrested as he came by
sea from Poland. An assault on the Protestants in Dauphiny
was repulsed with loss of many soldiers. The Prince of Condé
is made Governor of Picardy. They of Dauphiny and Languedoc daily wax stronger and stronger, and trust to nothing
but to their defence. The 4th, M. Millot was slain in the
street by a brother of the Provost of Paris; the rumour spread
that some of the Poles were slain, or else a tumult like to
be made on the Italians.
Endd. P. 1.
1152. The Vidame of Chartres to Lord Burghley.
The affair he spoke of last, for the execution of which
he named Mr. Royer to him, still remains unexecuted for
divers causes and hindrances. Knows nothing can be done
without the favour of the Queen, and prays him to ask
it in that behalf. The matter should be done in silence,
and best at the present time and occasion. 6 September
Add., with seal. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
1153. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The business of the Polish Ambassadors will not suffer
them to visit him as yet, for they are in great misliking
with the French, and also among themselves. The King of
Poland has been remitted of his oath for the matter of
religion, but others say he shall not be King unless he swear
to them absolutely. The Protestants of Poland are much
offended that the promises for religion are not performed
in France. Some misliking there is because the bishop and
others went to visit the Cardinal of Lorraine, and some of
the Protestants brake out of the company. A Scottishman
asking how the Regent is, and hearing he was well, said,
"then all promises are not kept," and also that the Huntleys
do proffer to have two or three thousand men in readiness
whensoever any shall land from hence. The two Huntleys
were brought to the King by the Scottish Ambassador and
had favourable audience. The Spanish Ambassador's secretary
could tell him the last letters of the Queen to the King and
the Duke of Alençon, almost as soon as they came, whereby
he may perceive what intelligence the Spaniards have here.
Desires that this may not be known to the French, for that may
be a mean he shall not learn things of the Spaniards another
time. The news of the Turk's death is untrue. The Cardinal
of Lorraine would have the King of Poland remain here, they
had devised to send a viceroy, and had appointed Rambouillet, but the Poles are so constant, so advised, and so
stout, that they perceive that they are not to be trifled with.
There is another practice to pass by Venice and the Turk, but
when the Poles do understand that Schomburgh has brought
their safe conduct from Germany, it is thought that it will
will be too great a mockery of the Germans and Poles both
not to accept of it. For the 4,000 Gascons, they of Dantzic
will suffer none to land for fear of surprising, and the
Poles say plainly they will none of them. Is careful what
it should mean, men lying assembled here about; always
doubts the Cardinal of Lorraine's devices towards Scotland.
Captain Thomaso is in much perplexity, not only for the old
matter, but also by occasion of certain verses against the Italians
found under his handwriting; he is minded to avoid the
country. The Queen Mother is gone to St. Maur to avoid
the Poles. The Marshal has given out that he has to reveal
to the Queen matter pretended which this alliance may prevent. In handling of him, there may be matter bolted out
for he is not very deep. Told him plainly that they could
not abide any that could not endure their religion, and their
late doings did much stick in their stomachs. They of
Sancerre have made a composition, hears it is but hard, yet
was borne in hand they would be well dealt with at his
entreaty. Many soldiers are laid along the Seine, cannot
guess what it means. The Duke of Alva departs shortly out
of the Low Countries, and the Governor of Milan comes in
his place. Paris, 6 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 32/3.
1154. — — to Dr. Dale.
Understands that a day will shortly be appointed for the
audience of the Polish Ambassadors. Has heard that they of
Sancerre have been cruelly dealt with, and that in spite of
his and their entreaties for better treatment for them.
Lat. P. 1. Enclosure.
1155. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
It is reported Danville and the Prince of Condé shall go
with the King of Poland. They make the colour of the assembly of the soldiers to be none other but the old soldiers
come from Rochelle. Cannot tell upon what conditions
Sancerre is rendered, it is kept so secret. Has desired Dr.
Forth to speak with Mr. Wickham touching the Deanery, and
to treat with him for his satisfaction. Wishes that Dr. Forth
may make a copy from his Book of Treaties of a discourse on
the antiquity and precedence of the kingdoms of Castile
and England. The solicitor for them of Geneva has written
to the Vidame and the rest of the religion in England to
beware of the persuasions of Franciotto or others that should
advise them to return unto France. Humphrey Forth, one of
his wife's sons, is a suitor to have the place of registrar under
the Commissioners for Ecclesiastical Causes in Ireland; beseeches him to stand his good lord as the reasonableness of
his suit may bear.—Paris, 7 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
1156. M. Languillier to the Count de Retz.
Prays the heart of the King of France may be moved to
bestow favor on his poor subjects professing the same religion
that he does, for that, being a good Frenchman, he desires
nothing so much as to be employed in some glorious and good
action for the service of his King.—London, 7 September
Copy. Fr. P. 2/3.
1157. M. Languillier to M. De La Mothe Fenelon.
Would be glad to pay his respects to the Marshal de Retz,
being unwilling to leave undone any part of the duty of a good
subject to one of the greatest and most principal of the officers
of the King. Is sure some of the gentlemen who accompany
him will be able to tell him of his (Fenelon's) cousin, the Baron
de Belle Ville, of whom he has not heard for 10 months. Prays
him to tell the bearer what he had better do, and to read
what he has written to the Marshal.—London, 7 September
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
1158. Dr. Valentine Dale to [Lord Burghley].
Has advertisement that the late Bishop of Meath in Ireland has received 300 crowns from the King. Knows not the
certainty thereof, but will inquire as diligently as he can.
1159. Rowland Johnson to Lord Burghley.
Sir Valentine Browne assures him that he has been commanded to pay no wage for the bridge-work, which was as
painfully deserved as ever any wage in his lifetime. Sir
Valentine Browne would have him up to the Court to enter
into a suit about the same business, but he is not able to follow it, for that his suits in time past have been so tedious and
troublesome to him. Trusts that his commandment to pay no
more wage to the officers of the work does not mean that any
of his wage of 22 pence a day lastly granted should be stayed.
Sir Valentine Browne's wage for the last year for himself at
1s. 8d. a day and two clerks at 1s. a day for the whole year
is 157l. 13s. 4d. Thomas Jenyson, the controller, at 40l. a
year, and two clerks at 1s. a day for the like time, is 76l.
Rowland Johnson's wage for the same last year at 2s. 4d. a
day is 42l., his standing wage of 2s. 6d. a day is stayed. It
was no small matter for him to take the charge of such a piece
of waterwork, having so little help as he had; then never
one of those parties, who now hinder his doing, could tell
how to place one piece of timber as it ought to be, and
now that it is done some would apply it not to be his
poor doing but that any of them could have done it. They
might have begun one piece on it in 10 years' space when
they had it in hand every year, which was time enough for a
man to call his skill to remembrance. Trusts he will consider
of his faithful service and good meaning and judge between
word and deed.—Berwick, 9 September 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1½.
1160. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
The bearer, Mr. Rowland Johnson, surveyor of the works,
is greatly troubled by means of the stay of his allowance,
whereupon his only living depends. He repairs up to make
humble suit for a new warrant for his payment. Can do no
less than crave his accustomed favors to be continued therein
to him and the rest of the officers. Commends his travail and
skill shewed by all men's opinion in the bridge, as at all other
needs and times.—Berwick, 11 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1161. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
It has pleased God to take unto his mercy Cuthbert Strother,
Controller of the Customs of the town, whereof he thought
meet to advertise him because of the use of the seal belonging
to that room, which is put in safety until his further pleasure
therein be signified. The fee of the room is 100 shillings per
annum, and the commodities not worth 40 shillings more.
Things now with their opposites are in as good and better
quiet than ever known, and likely to grow to further perfection. The bridge works are busily in hand, and that to
great charges and more expenses of timber and workmen than
his last certificates make mention of, wherewith he will not
trouble him until they be thoroughly finished, which will not
be much before Midsummer next. Is continually called or
rather exclaimed upon by Rowland Johnson for the stay of
his wages, to whom he wishes there were an absolute answer
given.—Berwick, 12 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1162. Thomas Morgan to Lord Burghley.
1. The enemy for divers causes (as because their beer on shipboard was sour, and they drank water and the same not good
for six days afore their departure, also upon some contention
between Beauvois and Mondragon) hoisted up sail on the
26th August, but were so near pursued that no other way
was than to run their vessels aground, whereby they lost six
hoys and a hulk, which were brought into Flushing and
Treveer. Altogether they have lost 17 vessels, whereof nine
are men-of-war and the rest victuallers. The ships taken
were freighted with corn and victuals, so that it is judged that
they have not victualled the towns. They departed to Antwerp and there stay. There fell a mutiny among the Walloon
soldiers of Mondragon at Armuyden for want of victuals, to
whom they have sent letters that if they would come out
with their furniture, they should either serve the Prince, or
have licence to depart wherever they would. There have
arrived 400 Scots at Zericksee, who made an attempt on
Barrow, but the Dutch who should have backed them having
fled away they had to retire. They are determined to
attempt Armuyden by land and sea with 4,000 men.—Flushing, 12 September.
2. P.S.—Four of the Walloons from Armuyden have just
yielded, who report that certain of their troops will come
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
1163. [Thomas Morgan] to Burghley.
The passages by land for letters are so dangerous that he
cannot by post use that often writing which he would do if
letters might pass safe. The Duke of Alva has been at
Haarlem. About 25th August he was besieging a fort by
Amsterdam with 100 ensigns, but through a great quantity
of water broken out of the sea it will be all the winter
unsiegeable on the land side. He has 25 great ships at
Amsterdam, which cannot come forth unless he first win that
fort and weigh up certain ships that are sunk there. He has
besieged Alkmaar, to which town the Prince has sent 1,000
men. Leyden had like to have been betrayed, to the enemy
by certain burghers, but advertisement was given to the
Frenchmen who kept the town, who very politicly provided
against the enemy, and met them on the way and slew 200
of them, who are reported to be natural Spaniards, and took
certain officers and men. Count Ludovic has sent 1,400 foot
men into this country. Gertruidenburg was taken on the
31st August by M. Poiet. It was got by all likelihood by
some treason of the inhabitants. The exploit was done by
100 soldiers, who scaled the walls, and slew the watch, who
were half sleeping, half waking, and, breaking open the town
gate, let in the rest of their company. No spoil was made
other than the town to pay the soldiers a month's pay and to
keep 800 men in garrison. Montgomery, of Scotland, is come
to the Prince to make offer of service with 2,000 light horse.
Two hundred Scots have arrived in Zealand, who say that
seven ensigns more are coming. The Prince lies at Dort.
The country is very poor and out of money, and unless some
prince of better ability takes the matter in hand, the writer
thinks that the cause will not long be maintained.
Add. Endd.: 13 Sept. 1573. Morgan's seal attached.
1164. Queen Elizabeth to Catherine de Medicis.
The sending of the Marshal de Retz, a man of such good
quality, and noted for his fidelity and prudence, shows the
desire she has for continuation of their friendship. Is pleased
that there is no underhand dealing in this negotiation. Is glad
she and the King can so far forget her sex as to give her the
credit of one who can hold her tongue. Prays her to believe
that no quarrel shall arise between them except the revenge
of good offices for the courtesies she has received. It is a
sorrow to her that, living so near France, she has not seen its
lord, and she often curses the sea for separating what has
been joined by affection.
Copy. Fr. P. 2/3.
1165. The Same to Charles IX.
Expresses her satisfaction that by the mouth of one who
is such a good servant to him, and so conversant with his
affairs, she has received sufficient reply to the suspicions that
were entertained of this negotiation. On her part is satisfied
that his desires tend to nothing but their mutual understanding and the perpetuation of their affectionate friendship.
Has great regard for the present messenger, and hopes he will
be a faithful minister between them, and leaves it to him to
render account more at large.—Canterbury, Sunday.
Copy. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. ½.
1166. The Same to the King of Poland.
Is much gratified to learn of his advancement, and that
it has not hindered his honourable offers to continue the
ancient customs used by the former kings of Poland towards
England. Gives him the same good wishes she gave the King
his brother, that his reign may be as happy as his election
was honourable, and that the increase of his titles may cause
no decrease in his friends, of which she has desired the
Marshal de Retz to speak with him at length.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. ¾.
1167. The Same to the Duke of Alençon.
Was surprised to see in his letters the handwriting of his
secretary, but was pleased to hear of his cure before she
understood his danger. Thanks him for the visit he intends
making her, and considers herself fortunate that the sea
cannot restrain his desire to see her. Finds great sincerity
and affection in the long declaration of his inward thoughts
on this negotiation, of which she has desired M. de Retz to
speak with him at length. Will pay as much regard to his
honour and quiet as to her own, and have great concern for
whatever good or evil fortune may come to him.
Copy. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. ¾.
1168. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The constantness of the Poles has brought the French to
swear to all the articles promised in Poland, saving that
whereby the king elect is bound to spend his revenues of
France in Poland, which is referred until his coming thither.
It was promised he should discharge the debts of the realm,
but they have found an interpretation that they meant those
grown since the death of the late king, which is a small
matter, wherewith the Poles are angry, but cannot help it.
The king elect will away shortly to Nancy, and so through
Germany. The King does not well bear the great triumph
of his brother; the joy shown at his entry was more great
than to the King himself. The journey will be painful, and
chargeable to them that follow the Court. Begs he may have
leave to visit Strasburg, which may also be to some purpose
to continue the amity with that city. Sends a ticket of the
Bishop of Meath's suit and his supplication to the King.
They were very sumptuous in apparel at the entry, but none
in arms saving the crafts, for it is not permitted but to the
King to make entry in arms. The King, in an old cloak
and evil-favoured hat, withdrew himself "to a little house
upon the bridge from all the ladies, and there cast out
money upon the people to get them together, and made
pastime to cast out buckets of water upon them while
they were scrambling for the money." There was not one of
the house of Montmorency at the entry. Three thousand
soldiers are coming, who are thought to be they that were at
Sancerre. Young Lansac is released. The Gascons are
deferred to the spring, and then, if the Poles require them, it
is appointed they shall not land at Dantzic, but at Riga, in
Livonia, and go direct against the Muscovite. Learns the
composition of Sancerre was to pay 40,000 francs to the
King of Poland and 5,000 to M. de la Chastre, the strangers
to depart, the townsmen to live in liberty of conscience with
out open exercise of religion, their walls to be dismantled, and
towards this they have 1,500 muids of wine to sell. They
look for deputies out of Dauphiny and Languedoc to treat for
larger liberty of religion than is granted to them of Rochelle.
There are divers reports made of the entertainment of the
Marshal and his negotiation.—Paris, 18 Sept. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
1169. Supplication of the Bishop of Meath.
William Walsh, Bishop of Meath, supplicates the King
humbly to have pity on the misfortune and calamity which
for the cause of Jesus Christ and the Roman Catholic religion
he, like several others, has suffered. By the lieutenants of
the Queen of England in Ireland he has been deprived of his
bishopric and its revenues, and also kept in prison for 13
years. After Gaspard de Coligny received the reward of his
deeds, the said lieutenants by hard usage tried to bring
about quickly the death of himself and other Catholics. God
has enabled him, by the advertisement of his friends, to escape
from that prison, notwithstanding the weight of his 63 years.
Took a ship about to sail to Britanny, preferring to trust his
life to the wind and waves rather than to return to prison.
After 16 days he landed at Brest and retired to Nantes. Has
only very small means, and cannot move himself by reason of
the debility of his body from his long imprisonment. Prays
him to provide some little provision for him on which to pass
the rest of his days.
Endd. Fr. Broadside. Enclosure.
1170. Kingdoms of Poland and France.
Yesterday the agreement between the Poles and the kings
was read and registered in the Court of Parliament. It was
likewise published that if the King of France died without
issue male, the kingdom should fall to the King of Poland
and his heirs, whether born within or without the realm,
and in default to fall to the Duke of Alençon and his heirs,
whether born within or without the realm.
Endd. P. ½. Enclosure.
1171. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Considering a month is passed since Captain Cockburn's
departure, neither any advertisement come of the cause of
his delay, he begins to think that he has forgotten to solicit
his despatch at the Queen's hands, so is constrained to importune him anew with the remembrance of the causes of the
King. Will only name in particular the matter of delivering
Home and Fast castles, the delay in which is somewhat grievous
on account of the opportunity so long given to spoil and deface
the houses in such sort as when they shall be rendered they
will rather appear sacked and ruined. It is a great let and
hinder to him, as he may not put so good order on the Borders
as otherwise he would, the houses being the keys of the
country, and the mean whereby to contain disordered people
in good rule and obedience.—Holyrood House, 18 Sept. 1573.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1172. Advices from Italy.
Rome, 19 Sept. 1573.—On the 6th inst. the Turkish fleet
were off the Cape of Otranto, where they landed and ravaged
the neighbouring country. A portion of the fleet was detached
for the coast of Barbary. Baptism of the second son of the
King of Spain. Marc Antony Colonna has gone to join Don
John. Doria has left Savona with 30 galleys. News from
Montauban and Rochelle.
Ital. Pp. 2¾.
1173. The Prince of Orange to Killegrew.
Thanks him for the assistance which he has given to
M. de Calvart. The enemy's affairs have been much hindered
by the mutiny of his soldiers on account of lack of pay.
Those of Zealand have taken the fort of Rammekins
and the town of Gertruidenburg.—Delft, 20 Sept. 1573.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
1174. The Vidame of Chartres to [Lord Burghley].
Sends him a writing which he prays him to read; knows
there is no need of greater recommendation in a matter
which recommends itself by its justice and honesty to all men
of truth and piety. Hopes to see him when the Court comes
to Greenwich.—23 September. Signed.
Endd. Fr. P. ½.
1175. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. The 20th, the day after the arrival of the Marshal, he came
to him and made recital of his great entertainment, and
the favour and liberality of the Queen, not doubting she was
satisfied of those difficulties that had moved her hitherto.
Told him he had received letters to declare the contentment
she had conceived of his person and speeches, and desired
there might now be more frank dealing, as they had dealt as
with doubtful friends, but now they perceived the contrary
they might deal more confidently. The next day declared
to the King and Queen Mother the contentment the Queen
had, and further how they might perceive those difficulties
she had moved did not come but of a very good ground, and
upon unfeigned matter, which behoved them as well as her to
consider. They answered cheerfully they perceived her unfeigned goodwill, which they desired her to continue. Has sent
to the Secretary a letter from Sancerre how they be dealt with
there, the fray between the Scots, and the manner of the
pulling down of the fort. The deputies of Dauphiny and Languedoc demand the edict of January, wherewith the Queen
Mother is amazed, and says when the Admiral and all his
friends were alive he demanded not so much. There is no party
that dares take upon him to be ruler as yet, and therefore they
now all resort to the King himself to get credit that way, the
Italians privily, the Guises openly. The Duke is kept under
by them both, and can neither obtain any of the government
the King elect had, nor the credit of management of affairs.
There has been skirmishing with them of Dauphiny and
Languedoc during the truce, to the advantage of the Protestants. Don John of Austria omitted a great occasion he
might have taken on the Turks, whose navy was of late all
torn in a tempest on the coast of Calabria.—Paris, 24 September. 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—The King elect has refused to move the King for
them of the religion here at the request of the Poles, and
therefore they intend to move therein themselves, but to
prevent them the French scatter them and send Sborowsky
and the Secretary into Poland before, but Rambouillet goes
with them to keep them in tune, and the rest shall to
Fontainebleau to make merry.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
1176. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Touching the matters of Scotland is warned daily by French
and Scotch, but finds the Huntleys not yet entertained.
They demand a room of some captainship among the guard,
and after to have entertainment for themselves and a band
they would bring out of Scotland. Now they are about
a grant of a pension, which some think they are not unlikely
to get, for they pay their pensions with words in these days.
The President was with him, who declared what comfort he
had that the Queen permitted the Scottish Queen to go to the
baths. Was plain with him and told him that he and all
others that loved or served the Scottish Queen had need to
be very ware of practices, and also stay all others that used
devices if they loved the weal of their mistress. In a day he
came with the Scottish Ambassador, and begun as though he
had not seen him before. The Ambassador shewed the passport for the two coffers, and that they were put in hope of
the deliverance of the Bishop of Ross, and how the Scottish
Queen was desirous to change the air, and such things.
Rehearsed what the Queen had done for their mistress, and
bid them to take example by the Bishop of Ross, who had
done as much as the life of his mistress would come to, if it
had not been for the wonderful clemency of the Queen. They
blamed him very much, but fears as the Lacedemonians did
blame their children for stealing when they were taken, not
for stealing, but because they could not carry cleanly. Learns
the jealousy between the ambassador and the President is
because the President has gotten the seal of the Chancellorship from the ambassador, and is practising to supplant him
and other of her old servants, so now they begin to fall out
among themselves. Has sent to the Secretary as much as he
can get of the capitulation of the Poles. The Secretary of
Poland is so threatened that he dare not come to him, and
one from the Palatine sends word he is desirous to speak
with him, but must come secretly. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
1177. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The stoutness of Sborowsky is such that he not only neglects these men, but puts others in comfort that are fearful;
he will not be friend to one that makes no more of his oath.
The Duke of Guise and De Maine make much of him to win
him, but he is content to dissemble as he knows they did with
him. He and other Poles of the religion have been earnest
with the King elect for them of the religion here, and their
persuasion was that he should win the hearts of the Germans
by those means; he said he would travail in such wise as he
doubted not the Poles would like of it. The Poles are very
desirous of the Queen's amity, not only in respect of religion,
but also of traffic and of the Muscovite; they do not like
them of Dantzic, Riga, and Revel, and other confederate towns,
but would fain have them in subjection. The King of Poland
has promised to be at Metz the 16th November, and has appointed his coronation in Cracow the 15th of January. The
deputies of Dauphiny and Languedoc are busy for the quietness of religion, and the truce is prolonged till the end of
October. Bienvenu is returned. Paris, 20 September. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1178. The Vidame of Chartres to Lord Burghley.
Prays him to interfere in the favour of a captain of Rochelle
and his lieutenant, who have been imprisoned in the Admiralty at the suit of certain merchants, for depredations at sea
during the siege of that town. London, 26 September 1573.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
1179. The Vidame of Chartres to Lord Burghley.
Recommends the bearer to him, who has a request to make
to the Queen. He can see by the enclosed, that the "conspiration Tridentine" is still actuated by the same spirit, and
still constant in their malevolence. London, 26 September
Add., with seal. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
Rome, 26th September 1573.—Proceedings in the Papal
Court. Movements of the Christian and Turkish fleets
Prospero Colonna has the command of the four galleys of the
Church, which sail under two banners blessed by the Pope.
Moorish troops in the neighbourhood of Goletta. Vienna, 17th
September.—The Turk is unwilling to prolong the truce with
the Emperor for another three years space. Ravages by the
Turks in Hungary.
Ital. Pp. 3¾.
1181. Joachim [Hamppus] to the Queen's Private Secretary.
Does not know his name, but desires him to deliver the
book and letters here inclosed to the Queen of England's own
hands, and to write what Her Majesty may graciously answer
thereunto, not doubting, for as much as by this treatise he
brings great help to the kingdom of England both by sea
and land, as well in time of peace as war, and especially to
the commonalty and poor husbandmen in times of dearth
and sickness, that she will not only graciously receive his wellmeant counsel, but also will with all favour consider him.
Minds to send him the whole book fairly bound, and for such
liberality as it shall please Her Majesty to bestow on him, begs
that he will be pleased to take the tenth part for his travail.
—Frankfort, 27 Sept. 1573. Signed, Joachim [Hamppus]
Add. P. 1.
1182. M. du Vergier to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for permitting him to visit the Queen (of Scots)
his mistress, and further for allowing him to write to her
about her affairs. Prays him to suffer the bearer to proceed
towards her.—Paris, 28 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
1183. Shipping of Corn from Berwick.
A brief memorial of such old store of corn as has been
shipped from Berwick and the Holy Island under the license
of Sir Valentine Browne, viewed and found by the Governor
and other officers not to be serviceable, by the space of one
whole year ended at Michaelmas last past 1573, amounting
to 160 quarters of rye, 960 quarters of malt, 220 quarters of
barley, customs dues 7l. 13s. 5d.
1184. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Perceives by the Marshal they have fully left off their
determination for an interview. The Marshal would the
Queen would do somewhat in Parliament for the advancement
of their suit, and said the King hoped to hear of some satisfaction within six weeks, and that the Duke would forbear
all exercise of religion saving for himself, as the ambassador
has; he must have so much lest he should seem utterly to forsake his religion. Signed.
Add, with seal. P. 1.
1185. Kingdom of Poland.
Account of the reception of the Polish Ambassadors on the
19th and 21st September by the King, the Prince Dauphin,
the Dukes of Guise and Aumale, &c., and of the procession to
1186. Oration of Franciotto to Charles IX.
Has taken this voyage in hand at the earnest request of
certain gentlemen, his subjects, at this time in England, and
from a desire he has always had for the weal and good of his
realm, to assure him of their loyalty and devotion. It is to
those chiefly that are in arms that his goodness and clemency
are to be shown, that they enter not into despair, and as a
good physician take away the causes of their unquietness,
excusing the sick bodies such unmeet words or deeds as
might proceed from them. Doubts not he will find them
capable of reason, and ready for his service. There are two
causes that move them, the freedom of their consciences and
the safety of their lives. Touching the first, they ground their
complaint of abuses brought by succession of time into the
church, and are therefore constrained to hold their assembly
apart. The Pope himself would not deny that the "face" of the
Church of Rome is far different from the same that was in the
primitive church. The Almains, Swiss, Hungarians, Danes,
Swedes, Poles, English, and Scotch, with a great number of
Spaniards and Italians (if they durst) do bemoan the same.
It is held an arrogance and tyranny in the Pope to attribute
to himself power over all his subjects. Compares the church
to a ship which the mariners have not been careful to clean
or keep staunch; would it be strange that such a vessel
should be stinking, and that the passengers, finding a sweeter
and cleaner vessel, should thrust themselves into the same
rather than rot in such putrefactions; also to a man's body,
that every day needs something to be voided by purging, or
else is like to fall into some great inconvenience. If any
Synods were called for remedy of evil, they were judges of
their own causes, censors of their own vices. The Popes have
come to such greatness as to make war against emperors and
Kings, depose Princes, and overthrow States at their pleasure,
to take the sword in hand as they speak of St. Paul, leaving
the keys of St. Peter in the hands of petty chaplains. Notwithstanding the subject be of another religion than his
prince, yet he ceases not to be a good subject and servant.
They make no doubt of his sovereignty, right, and power
over them; their debate is touching the sovereignty the Pope
would use over their souls, whether he can appoint heaven or
hell to whom he lists, whether he be king of kings, whether
he cannot err, and whether what comes forth of the shrine of
his breast is to be taken for an oracle. Has observed in all
lands men make a difference between a good Christian and a
good subject, and there is a toleration of sundry religions so
they follow the laws. The Romans allowed the service of all
sorts of gods; the Turk gives Christians exercise of all
religion, even to the very monks that are in Pera. Divers
Christian princes and the Pope himself suffer the Jews for
the profit they draw from them, who debate not whether the
Virgin Mary must be called upon, but whether she be a
virgin, which they deny, uttering of her and of Jesus
Christ many irreverent speeches, even to the Pope's ears.
In Germany people of different religions live peaceably and
contribute equally and with like affection to the charges of
the wars and the demands of their superiors. In Muscovy
the prince and a great part of his people are "Grecians," and
yet he has the Tartars for his subjects, who fight under like
ensigns against the Tartars their neighbours, who are of one
self nation, language, and religion with them. In Poland
there are Latin and Greek churches, French Protestants, Jews,
and Tartars that are idolaters, quietly living together with
all reverence towards their prince. In his own realm, when
they of the religion thought he would employ them against
the stranger, they showed themselves ready and willing.
Would not himself give place to any, how good a Catholic he
be, in ready goodwill to do him service. It is a good thing
to see a whole people live under one self religion, but violence
is to no purpose thereunto. The heart may be plucked out of
the body, but not opinion which is in the heart. Seeing that
diversity of religion is a thing compatible with the union and
quietness of the state, he need not fear to grant that liberty to
his own subjects. Means not that a man can believe what he
list without controlment, for that would be the liberty of
libertines, the first step to atheism. If he will use equality in
disposing of offices and preferments, and other things which
ought to be common, his subjects of different religions will
embrace one another like Christians. He can do it with more
honour and reputation than he could heretofore, for then it
might have been attributed to necessity rather than to his
liberality, but now they are brought to all extremity, all men
will know it is from his mere liberality and love to his subjects. Considering it is of necessity to grant it, it is meeter
to permit it equally in every place than to do as heretofore,
and so stir up occasion for new troubles. Is assured he will
have due respect for the safety of their lives. Considering
the things past they are in great mistrust, which cannot be
taken away without most manifest assurance. He knows
what great murders have been committed by the people's
insolency in the great towns of his realm, which he testifies
in his edicts were against his will and meaning; his governors
could not redress them, the honest burgesses could not stay
them. His promise assures them of his own goodwill towards
them, but that it is not in his power to warrant them in all
places against so many enemies without some extraordinary
means. Considering they have felt the contrary in their own
persons, or of such as touched them nearest, and that the
impunity of the murders the more emboldens seditious
persons, his threatening puts them in fear. All France cries
out for help, complaining it has had no rest these 10 years;
has been sacked with wars, pressed with famine, and
threatened with pestilence, which are scourges enough to
overthrow the most flourishing state of the world.
English translation. Endd.: Sept. 1597. Pp. 9¼.