Elizabeth: January 1574

Pages 455-462

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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January 1574

Jan. 2. 1284. Advices.
Vienna, 28 Dec. 1573.—The coming of the Muscovite with 120,000 horse and foot is confirmed from Cracow. Prolongation of the truce with the Turk.
Venice, 2 Jan. 1574.—Depredations at sea News from Genoa.
Ital. Pp. 2½.
Jan. 2. 1285. The Prince of Orange to Lord Burghley.
The inhabitants of Dortrecht and other places in Holland having complained to him of the arrest of their ships in England, he has been informed that this has happened by reason of injuries done to English merchants by certain captains using his name. Is sure that this cannot have been done by anyone holding his commission, as they have been most strictly enjoined on no account to offend the Queen or any of her subjects. He therefore trusts that the poor Hollanders shall not be made to suffer on account of the misdeeds of robbers and pirates, of whom the sea is at present full, and hopes that Burghley will procure the release of their vessels as soon as possible.—Flushing, 2 Jan. 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
Jan. 2. 1286. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Made request to the Queen Mother at Soissons that some final order might be taken for the suits of the Queen's subjects that had hanged so long; she answered it would be the first thing that should be done at Compeigne, whither all were in readiness to remove, notwithstanding the next day there was a resolution taken to go forthwith to St. Germain's.
2. News came suddenly abroad that there was a long privy practice to surprise Rochelle discovered, and many of the practisers executed. The deputies from Dauphiny and Languedoc excused themselves from coming to Compeigne, for the place was not safe for them. The King has sent away the Swiss that were in Languedoc; if he do nothing he doubts not the forces of them of the religion will daily increase; on the other side they see there is no surety but in arms, and furnish themselves therefore as best they may. The Pope will not receive M. de Foix as ambassador, because he sometime declared himself to be of the religion, but some think his quarrel is because the King will not give safe conduct for a garrison to pass to Avignon. To pacify the people the King has diminished a certain payment of 800,000 francs by the year, likewise he has made order that no villages shall be assigned to them that follow the Court. The Cardinal of Lorraine has caused M. de Chambery to be executed, for certain letters found among the Admiral's writings, in which he wrote of a device to apprehend the Cardinal. The Prince of Condé and M. le Chevalier are excused of the voyage to Poland; the Poles here are advertised that promises have not been performed to their expectation, whereof M. de Valence bears the blame, and is railed upon of all sides. The Duke of Alva is on his journey homeward by way of Burgundy. Has received 1,000 crowns to be paid in England to the use of the Scottish Queen; prays to have knowledge to whom it is to be delivered. Don John of Austria is sent for into Spain upon some jealousy of his greatness.—Poissy, 2 January 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 32/3.
Oct. 18. 1287. Request of those of Languedoc to the King of France.
1. They are aware of his good intention to promote peace, and being assembled in Montauban by permission of the King of Poland, they submit the following terms upon which peace may be obtained.
2. They were always his faithful and obedient subjects till the massacre of the 24th of August 1572 gave them just cause to take up arms for the preservation of those of the religion that were left. They were as well put to the reproach of a pretended conspiracy and rebellion. They humbly pray therefore that the murderers of the Admiral may be brought to trial before an equal number of judges of both religions. By so doing he will pluck from their hearts the just indignation they have conceived. In his letters to his governors and lieutenants he has directed that those who were engaged in the pretended conspiracy should be punished. It would please him to revoke this commandment, and acknowledge them to be his faithful subjects, and declare the same of those who have been massacred; also that all ordinances, judgments, and proceedings against them since the 24th August 1572 should be null, and that their estates and goods should be returned. That it be declared that they took up arms justly and for good occasion. That they be allowed free exercise of religion, public as well as private, and honourable burial of their dead without distinction of time or place. That tithes may be paid to their ministers, and places appointed for the exercise of religion. That they be not forced to any ceremony or contribution contrary to their creed. That all rents and revenues of colleges and schools may be applied to the instruction of youth, without distinction of religion. That marriage by ministers of their religion be lawful. That all things in Navarre and Bearn be put in the same condition as was left by the late Queen at her death. That the like benefit of exercise of religion be accorded to those of the Venaissin and of Avignon. That the French who have taken up arms with the Viarnois should share in these benefits. Considering the behaviour against those of the religion by the courts and parliaments in the administration of justice, it would please him to appoint judges of both religions in equal numbers, and that at a trial the judges should be of the same religion as the suitors. That all the courts of justice held before these troubles in towns now possessed by those of the religion may be maintained, and if they have been removed they may be restored. That those of the religion be eligible to be appointed judges equally with others. That all prescriptions and customs that have been done away with during the troubles should be restored. That those of the religion be held innocent of all meetings, negotiations with strangers, seizure of his coin, assaults and demolitions of towns, and other acts done during the war. That the fruits of the earth seized up to this day be declared not subject to restitution. That they be quit and discharged of the payment of all impositions made by the Catholics during the late troubles. That they be allowed 120,000 livres for the entire payment of their debts. That those who have bought the property of ecclesiastics during the troubles, and have paid the price for it, should be allowed to retain it till they be paid back their money. That for surety that all these things be performed an alliance shall be entered into with the princes, potentates, and republics of Germany and Switzerland, and the Sovereigns of England and Scotland, who shall bind themselves to preserve peace among their own, as well as among his subjects of both religions. To avoid a conspiracy of Sicilian vespers that they may be allowed to hold the towns they now possess, and others in different parts of the country, to be chosen by eight persons of importance. That his garrisons be only placed in frontier towns, and as far off from those towns and places occupied by them of the religion as possible, and that they shall come and go in such small numbers that they shall be without suspicion. That when his Governors visit the towns they hold they be only accompanied by their usual train. That all fortifications those of the religion have made should remain, and that they should not be deprived of any of their arms or munitions. That he, his Governors visit the towns they hold they be only accompanied mother, the princes of the blood, the marshals of France, and his privy councillors, shall swear to faithfully observe these articles, and that the same be done by the Cours de Parlement and Cours Presidialles, and they with the Catholics will renew their oaths of fidelity to him before his officers. That there be assemblies of the nobility and commonalty of both religions at divers times, not only for the sake of peace and friendship, but for his service, and specially to maintain this union and pacification.— Montauban, 6 August 1573. Signed by 33 persons.
Answer of the King.
Having heard the Remonstrance of those of the pretended Reformed religion he has determined to send to M. Danville, his governor in Languedoc, to appoint some town not far from Montauban, where deputies from each side can repair to arrange their differences. He has given order that hostilities shall meanwhile be suspended, if those of the other side will do so.—Villiers Coterets, 18 October 1573.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 18¼. Enclosure.
Jan. 2. 1288. Dr. Valentine Dale to Walsingham.
Leaves to the report of Jacomo how the King has posted up and down and changed his appointment to Compeigne, and how he dissembles the matter of the surprise of Rochelle as though he had known nothing thereof; the mistrust that all men do conceive of his doings; what preparation the Protestants make in Languedoc, and what bold requests they make for them of the religion throughout the realm. Desires his help and advice for the unreasonable charges, things are so excessive in price, that he has as much need of counsel as ever had client in any case of law. Prays to know what he thinks of the advocate of Picardy that has been to see him, and what were best for him to do. The Duke of Alva is on his journey by way of Burgundy; he lay sick of the gout for a time.—Poissy, 2 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
Jan. 2. 1289. Count Montgomery to Lord Burghley.
Has already sent a letter to excuse him from visiting him, for he would only be troublesome to him in his sickness. Assures him that he can always command his services.— London, 2 Jan. 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
Jan. 3. 1290. Thomas Heron to Lord Burghley.
Sends two letters which were taken out of a passenger (vessel) from Dover to Dunkirk. What goodwill they bear to the state who be fled the realm as well for rebellion as for Papistry does well appear, but thinks that there are a shrewd number within the realm who are more to be feared than these who are abroad, and prays that there be not some in the Court. The new governor procures all he can to relieve Middleburg which is sore distressed, and not able to hold out long.—Antwerp, 3 Jan. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Jan. 11. 1291. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The King cannot be so bold as to levy money upon the people, so is constrained to use his old shift by mortgage of his revenue. He has appointed that certain of the band of Strozzi and of the men-at-arms shall repair to the Court; the Swiss of the guard are lodged near to the court, and two bands of other Swiss are lodged at Saint Cloud. It is doubted that this is because he will not be forced to have an assembly of the states, or else that he will levy money without danger of commotion. Told the Queen Mother plainly he did not know the news out of England. Montmorency is come to the court. Has presented the general griefs of their merchants; there are none here to justify wherein they are grieved; the farmers and merchants of this country are sent for to give information to the contrary. If the Bishop of Ross come fears he will not be idle; the President of Tours here at court is no unfit minister for him. News comes from the King of Poland of his honourable entertainment in Germany; he and his brother are desirous to win the favour of the Germans. M. de Saint Supplice is gone to make the King's excuse touching the practice of Rochelle.—Poissy, 11 Jan. 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
Jan. 11. 1292. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Desires that it may please him to move the Queen to sign his bill to remain with him. Touching Mr. Wickham submits himself to his order.—Poissy, 11 Jan. 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ⅓.
Jan. 11. 1293. Dr. Valentine Dale to Francis Walsingham.
"The provost of merchants of Paris is never from the Court to coin the King money." If the Bishop of Ross come hither he will never rest one hour without practice. The King has written to M. de Milleray touching the spoils done on the men of the Isle of Wight; he has answered that if they come where he may apprehend them he will do justice. If there be lack of a messenger for a despatch, prays him let Jacomo come.—Poissy, 11 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Jan. 18. 1294. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Sends to the Queen two letters from the Prince of Condé and Duke Casimir, and a copy of a letter of Monsieur's to the B(ishop). Sends a copy of his own letter to the Secretary. Has made mention to the Queen for his return.—Paris, 18 Jan. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 19. 1295. Thomas Wilkes to Francis Walsingham.
By means of the breaking of the footmen of Strozzi's government, Strozzi has found himself very much grieved and discontented. Secretly understands he has moved the King for leave to assemble the broken companies, and go and assist the Prince of Orange. The greatest argument to move him to give credit thereto is their present seeming to hate the Spaniards. They use what means they can to bring them in odium with England, with all their own traitorous disposition. Gives him joy of his new advancement.—Poissy, 19 Jan. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Jan. 20. 1296. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Is a suitor to the Queen and to him for Francis Dacres, son of the late Lord Dacres his cousin. He has not fallen into the Queen's displeasure, notwithstanding many things might have provoked him to the contrary. Trusts he will make good assurance of his duty in time to come. Prays him to stand his good lord that he may be restored to that which the offence of his brother has barred him of.—Haddington, 20 Jan. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
Jan. 21. 1297. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Heartily rejoiced to hear of his convalescence from his long and dangerous sickness. Has declared the chargeable estate of his regiment to the Queen, wherein he entered by her advice. Hopes to receive a present of money and powder from her, being constrained to retain some horsemen and footmen, partly for the quieting of the Borders and partly for his own private guard, finding the seeds of malice and sedition not yet fully removed. The powder is for Edinburgh Castle, the store whereof was consumed in the late troubles. Through the razing of the same it behoves him to keep double garrison of men till the walls be repaired. Has long looked for answer touching the ordnance in Home Castle. Hears from France that Adam Gordon offers, being supported with men and money, to alter the state here, which he doubts not will turn to his own confusion. It should be well for the Queen to write to the Earl of Huntley his brother, putting him in mind what she has done for his relief and safety, and what she will certainly look for at his hands. Prays the English Ambassador in France may be admonished to take good heed to the doing of Adam Gordon and others of this nation, that he may have warning to prevent their practices. Trusts Mr. Gerard Lowther is in good hope of pardon, and requests he will further the same as conveniently he may. Commends to his consideration the misery of their countrymen stayed and hardly handled at the suit of one Walter Dull of Bristol.— Haddington, 21 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 22. 1298. Safe Conduct by the Prince of Orange.
Safe conduct for the ship laden by the merchant adventurers of England to pass to Sluys or Bruges in Flanders.—Flushing, 22 Jan. 1574. Signed.
Endd. Fr. Broadside.
Jan. 23. 1299. Advices from Rome and Vienna.
1. Rome, 23 Jan. 1574.—Current rumours of events passing in various countries. M. de Foix has received permission to come to Rome, but will not be admitted to an audience until he can give a good account of his life. A plot has been discovered for delivering Rochelle to the King, and some people have been put to death, and others tortured in order to discover the authors.
2. Vienna, 18 Jan. 1574.—The Duke of Monferrato has been created Duke of Mantua by the Emperor, &c.
Ital. Pp. 4.
Jan. 26. 1300. Pietro Bizarri to Lord Burghley.
It is reported from Constantinople that the Grand Seignior has interdicted all traffic between the Levant and Christendom. Occhiali has returned to Constantinople with 120 galleys, and great preparations are being made for a very powerful fleet. In Venice robberies are committed every night, and they cannot discover the offenders. News from Rome. Preparations for an attack on Tunis. Don John has left Naples for Spain. The Grand Master of Malta has sent news that the Turk intends some new enterprise. Journey of the Duke of Anjou into Poland.—26 Jan. 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Ital. P. 1.
Jan. 30. 1301. Advices.
Venice, 30 Jan. 1574.—News chiefly relating to the warlike preparations of the Turks.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1⅓.
[Jan.] 1302. — to Captain Windebank.
Desires that he will assist the bearer in his affairs, which he shall do for the King's Majesty's service, which is nothing against Her Majesty's laws. Wishes he could come and talk of the "old world in times past." It is a pity the Queen does not give so worthy an old captain as he is a greater pension of 500 or 600 crowns a year. Captain Julian Romero whom he knew but a poor captain in Ireland is now [worth] 2,000l., and has a pension of 1,000 ducats. Desires him to speak to Captain David, who is under the Downs, that if he will come over with his ship and serve the King faithfully, and live under the laws of the Catholic church, he will assure him of his pardon from the new governor under the King's seal, and great entertainment for his mariners and himself. Prays him to write four words of his mind and welfare. Wishes Mr. Philippe were here with 100 good mariners, for he could promise him a good ship or two.
Copy. P. 1.
Jan. & Feb. 1303. Advices from different places.
1. Vienna, 22 Jan. 1574.—The Turk has demanded 100,000 dollars in gift and 10,000 more as annual tribute, but it is thought that the truce will be concluded. Prosper Colonna is returning to Italy.
2. Venice, 6 Feb.—The talk of the renewal of the league has now ceased. Armament of 50 galleys by the Seignory. A gentleman of the French King has passed on his way to Constantinople. Presents given to the ambassador extraordinary of Savoy by the Seignory on his departure. From Vienna it is reported that any truce with the Turk is despaired of on account of his excessive demands. The Duke of Alva is besieged in a castle near Geneva through the means of a lady whose two sons he beheaded in Flanders. Disturbance in the Jews quarter.
3. From Rome, 30 Jan. 1574.—Reception of the King of Poland in Germany. Deaths and preferments at the Papal court. All cavaliers of Malta ordered to return to the island, which is menaced by the Turk. News from France of increase in the numbers and influence of the Huguenots. Depredations by Turkish corsairs.
Addressed to Giacomo Spinola at Antwerp. Endd. Ital. Pp. 6.