Elizabeth: June 1574

Pages 508-527

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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June 1574

June 1. 1438. Earl of Huntley to the Queen.
Is sorry to understand there should be cause in deed or reports which should move her to conceive doubt of his promise. Has done what lies in him to stop all unlawful attempts or the suspicions thereof. Has offered his own person as pledge and hostage that his part and doings may be justified. Has found in the Regent favourable acceptation of his offer. Minds not to lose the benefit of her favour, or of this good quiet already experienced, but will give proof of his truth towards his King's country, and his thankfulness towards her.—Leith, 1 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
June 4. 1439. The Queen to the Regent of Scotland.
The bearer, Henry Killegrew, will give him to understand whereof the long stay in sending him has grown; hopes he will not conceive it proceeded from lack of the goodwill towards him that his honourable dealing has merited. He shall be instructed of the state here as well as of foreign matters. The late death of the French King, though he might well be spared, considering his bloody disposition, weighing who is to succeed him, cannot but be perilous to both the realms, and it behoves them to have their eyes open, and shake off security.—Hampton.
Conditions whereon the Queen of Scots will resign her Estate to her Son.
1. To follow her counsel for his marriage; shall employ himself for her deliverance; restore those of her friends and their children who have suffered loss of goods and life for her sake; that certain Catholics shall dispute with the ministers of the religion in Scotland, for her better instruction in the Roman religion, and that Catholics may live there without vexation.
2. These articles are sent out of France to be used with great discretion, for if any copies should be delivered out, it would be said the Queen's ministers went there to set them at dissension.
Copy. Pp. 2.
June 4. 1441. Francisco Giraldi to the King of Portugal.
A very long letter in cipher, apparently relating to his negociations with the Queen of England, respecting her subjects' traffic with Barbary. — London, 4 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Portuguese. Pp. 29.
June 7. 1442. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Queen Mother takes upon her the Regency, neither having consent of the States, nor yet authorised, but by the King that is dead, to the great misliking of men of understanding She is removed to the Louvre, and keeps her son and Navarre with guard and sentinel in every corner. Will suffer no man to speak with them, and has committed "Bonacorsi" to prison. She makes fair weather to them (Dale, &c.), but he could have neither audience nor passport to this day, and all are watched that speak with them. All things in Paris are at the devotion of the townsmen at the commandment of the Queen Mother. The Poles here are of opinion that their King shall not be suffered to come before a new election, but it is thought he will come away out of hand. His passage is dealt for all ways both by sea and land. Chapin Vitelli has letters to the Queen from the new Duke of Florence. It is given out that the King of Spain will not use the King of Portugal's ships because they are over great, which may increase the suspicion they are bent another way. Champernoun's procurations are like to get no money.—Paris, 7 June 1574. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
June 6. 1443. Events in France.
The King before his death spoke lovingly to the King of Navarre, but made little countenance to the Duke. The King's body being opened, it was found he had an impostume in his lungs. The Duke and the King of Navarre have sent to salute the King of Poland as King. It is bruited that La Noüe, with three hundred Gascons, and the townsmen of Fontenay, discomfited Montpensier, took his ordnance and munition, and very many notable persons. Montpensier himself had much ado to escape. Matignon has brought Montgomery before St. Lo and Carentan, by his person the better to come by those towns. Marshal de Retz is arrived here.
P. 2/3. Enclosure.
June 7. 1444. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Does not perceive any readiness of payment for Sir Arthur Champernoun. Touching the matter in cipher it appears by itself what is either feared or hoped. Killegrew is dogged wherever he goes. They now begin to quarrel with them (Dale, &c.). Pinart came with all the fair words in the world, and after to complain of their men, and namely of Jacomo. Made little answer, but said they would declare their mind to the Queen Mother at their audience, willing him tell her that there was nothing meant or done by any of them but honourable, and if they meant otherwise they had the courage to tell her so.—Paris, 7 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
June 8. 1445. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Means to be in Edinburgh on the 9th of the month. At the end of May the Earl of Huntley came to Dalkeith to the Regent, and returned home so well pleased that some say he shall be Chancellor again. The Earl of Caithness is at Edinburgh, very obsequious to the Regent; a man of great living and power in the farthest part of Scotland, by whose assistance the Regent may bridle such disordered persons as show themselves in those quarters. Killsyth goes to Edinburgh under surety to answer when he shall be called. Prays God the French King's death breeds not a dangerous change for them. The Regent has of late had great complaints made to him by such of his countrymen as have been spoiled by English pirates, which lie about Scarborough and Flamborough Head. It is taken so unkindly by the Scots that it will help to breed an alteration in their devotion to England, which he understands begins to decay. Some of the pirates lie about Ferne Island. Assures him he finds some alteration above his expectation, but will do his best to remove it. Recommends to his good remembrance Mr. Herle's diligent and good service. Understands the Earl of Shrewsbury is greatly decayed both in body and memory, not to be recovered.—Berwick, 8 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
June 8. 1446. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Prays] that the alteration mentioned in Mr. Dale's letter turn to the best, but fears it much. Understands of great spoils and some slaughter done of late by their pirates upon Scottish merchants. The Regent is greatly moved, and he is likely to have hot complaints thereof. One Higgins, that went forth under Mr. Secretary Smith's licence, has done much harm. It is time to restrain such, for they would make a pique where there is no need. The Earl of Caithness has been attending on the Regent, who did not the like to any Regent before now. There is great hope of good yield of corn since this last rain, which began on the 2nd and continues to this day. Means to depart hence this day. Beseeches his letters to Mr. Attorney and Mr. Solicitor touching his suit; he had no time but to leave the matter to his wife. Beseeches him to give thanks to Mr. Herle for his diligence and carefulness in his father-in-law's matters; his service deserves better at the Queen's hands than he yet feels. Fears the Earl of Shrewsbury will not be without danger of his life this next winter.—Berwick, 8 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
June 9. 1447. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Has received his letter of the 4th instant, and delivered those of occurrents to Mr. Killegrew, who takes this day his journey into Scotland. Has received this morning from Newcastle by ships out of France like advertisement of the King's death, and that Count Montgomery was taken. Wishes that their neighbours were put in heart to continue in this good concurrence for causes both of amity and justice on the Borders. Dares not say that some portion of the ordinary [charge], seeing the principal officers and others abandon their service so long might for such a purpose be spared. Desires that he may be relieved of the charge of the rule of the town, being unable to bear the burden both of Governor and Marshal without any allowance, and also that he may be licensed to be absent for 14 days till order may be given for the said charge, as some of his purveyors in Yorkshire and the coast do not answer their accounts according to the trust committed to them.—Berwick, 9 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 7
and 10.
1448. News from Paris.
1. June 7, 1574.—The Queen Mother has taken upon her the Regency only upon certain words spoken by the King before his death. She has removed from Bois de Vincennes to Paris to the Louvre, where she keeps her son and the King of Navarre within the castle with guard upon guard. She has grated the chamber windows of the King of Navarre like a prison and stopped all the back passages into the town. She has also committed "Bonacorsi" to prison. There is marvellous misliking at this dealing amongst all men; notwithstanding this the Queen Mother sends courteous messages unto them [Dale and Leighton] daily as though she would gladly keep the favour of the Queen of England, but in the meanwhile watch is laid what every man does, and no one dares be seen in their company. Great discourse is made of the coming of the King of Poland. Young Lansac is sent into Germany to treat for a safe conduct for the King of Polonia that way. Montmorin is already dispatched to the Emperor. It is given forth that the King of Spain will not use the King of Portugal's ships because they are over great, which may increase the suspicion that they are "bent" another way. "The King a little before his death spake lovingly to the King of Navarre, and recommended unto him earnestly the obedience unto his mother, but he made little countenance to Monsr. le Duc. The King's body being opened it was found he had an impostume in his lungs. The King of Navarre has sent Meysance and Monsieur has sent M. D'Estrees to the King of Polonia to salute him as King." It is much bruited that De la Noüe has given an overthrow to Montpensier before Fontenay, also that Matignon has brought Montgomery before St. Lo the better to come by the town.
2. By young Killegrew. 10 June, from Paris.—The miscontent increases daily amongst all sorts because the Queen Mother has taken upon her the Regency without the consent of the Estates, and also for detaining Monsieur and the King of Navarre. The Queen Mother uses persuasions to move all men to be quiet until the coming of the King, with great promises of amendment of all things. MM. St. Supplice and Villeroy are returned out of Languedoc without hope of any pacification. Since the coming home of the Marshal de Retz it begins to be doubted how the King shall come out of Poland. The Marshal escaped narrowly the hands of certain French Protestants who are in the dominions of the Duke de la Petite Pierre Lutzelstein. Monsieur comes into the Council now and then, and goes in company with the Queen Mother to the Tuileries.
Endd. Pp. 2½.
June 10. 1449. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
The misliking of the title of the Queen Mother's regency and the detaining of the Princes increases daily. They would lack no help if they would help themselves. Her policy is to promise amendment of all things, and deliverance and reconciliation of all men at the coming of the King, and she sends about to La Noüe and Danville to pacify them. It is said Retz has obtained letters from the Count Palatine to La Noüe to turn his forces to the Low Country. There are doubts more and more of the difficulty of the King's return, and they much mistrust of the Queen. Therefore Pinart was sent to him with demonstration of great affection, to declare to him that persons are appointed for the satisfaction of the Queen's subjects. Mitty, that was Lord Norrey's man, has accused one La Roche of intelligence between Monsieur and the Duke of Bouillon. Gordon, the Earl of Huntley's brother, has been to him for a passport. Would not give him one till he knew how the Queen liked of it. William Killegrew minds to despatch from hence as soon as he can to avoid suspicion. "Poor Montgomery" is in hand and two councillors are gone to examine him. Leighton recovers his strength by little and little. Villeroy and St. Supplice are returned from Languedoc without hope of pacification. De Retz escaped very narrowly certain of the French on the frontier of Germany.—Paris, 10 June 1874.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
June 10. 1450. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
The Queen Mother has grated the chambers of Monsieur and the King of Navarre. She puts Montmorency's wife in comfort that her husband shall be at liberty at the coming of the King. Difficulties increasing daily with the news of the overthrow of Montpensier vex her very much. Monsieur comes to the Council now and then, and goes in company of the Queen Mother to the Tuileries, and into the town sometimes for countenance sake. The Earl of Huntley has written to Gordon his brother that the Regent is advertised of practices of his in France, whereby he may be in danger of his bond, which he entered for his good behaviour, and advised him to behave himself in such manner as it may bring no danger to him. Gordon said he would pass to England to purge himself to the Queen, and desired his passport.—Paris, 10 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
June 11. 1451. Remonstrance of the Estates of Flanders.
1. Declare their loyalty and their earnest desire for the maintenance of the Catholic religion, but complain of certain abuses, such as the maintenance of foreign garrisons, excessive taxation, the tyrannical behaviour of the Spaniards, the suppression of their privileges, and the general misgovernment of the country, all which they pray may be remedied and the management of affairs placed again in the hands of the councils of the country.
2. The reply of Don Luis de Requescens, reviewing the different articles of the remonstrance, and promising to forward them to the King.—Brussels, 11 June 1574.
Copy. Fr. Pp. 3½.
June 14. 1452. [Antonio Guerras] to —
Gives an account of the naval preparations that are being made in England under Vice-Admiral Winter and Hawkins to oppose the descent of the King of Spain's armada on the coast of Ireland.—London, 14 June 1574.
A considerable portion not deciphered. Span. Pp. 4.
June 15. 1453. Henry, King of Poland, to the Queen.
Condoles with her on the death of his brother Charles, and hopes that she will continue to act with the same amity towards him as she has done to the late King.—Cracow, 15 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. Royal Letter.
June 17. 1454. Roger Bodenham to Lord Burghley.
In Spain the whole government rests in the hands of the spirituality, and such as they be right well assured of, who indeed hate the estate of England mortally. Whatsoever be said or appear to the contrary the Spaniard will never yield more than by way of force he shall be compelled to do. As they stand in more fear of England than there is cause for the English to fear them, the more cause they give them to suspect their friendship the sooner they will discover themselves, or come to some good ground of assured amity, which he thinks will never hold firmly until they consent that Englishmen shall come into Spain without danger of the Inquisition, and how far that is off all the world sees. There is in London a nest of Spaniards who do nothing else but spy what is done and intended to be done, and give advertisement thereof, who have acquaintance with many who be of their religion, who are for the most part both ignorant and malicious, of whom they learn such advertisements as be to the worst purpose. The special cause why he says this is for that there is a number of evil-disposed persons in the realm who have conference with these Spaniards, and put forth amongst the common people and others that if the King of Spain would extend his power against this realm it would lightly be overcome, and so many as bear any devotion to the Spanish religion believe it verily, of which sort he thinks there be too many in number. As he is going into Spain has thought good thus to discharge some part of his duty. Will advertise with speed what he finds there. Has always desired to do him service without respect of reward. Can never do him better service than by giving him knowledge of two men whom he may make his most assured friends, and who be worthy to be embraced and made much of. The one is Sir James Croftes, and the other is Mr. Dyer.—Bristol, 17 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 17. 1455. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Order is given by the Regent for answering Hamilton's confession. There has been some practising for France, but cannot yet come to the knowledge thereof. Great obedience to the Regent in all Scotland; were he gone they know no more where to find another for the purpose than they do a successor for the weal of England. The Regent and Huntley are on good terms, the Earl of Athole likewise. Trusts with good handling the alteration in the mind of many, caused by the great spoil of their merchants by pirates, may be remedied. It were requisite to write letters to Berwick, and the Island to apprehend all such as they may well fasten on. Sir Valentine Browne still makes earnest search for him that coined false money in Scotland and is escaped from Berwick. That they have been so slow in answering their request touching a league has done much harm, and brought many to doubt of their intentions. Order shall be taken touching justice between Lord Scrope and Lord Maxwell. Finds Lord Scrope deals dutifully and honorably, but to go through with the matter he will require for three or four months a band of the soldiers of Berwick. Killsyth is abroad; he excuses the letter to the Bishop of Ross upon his agreement with him (Walsingham) to grope and suck out of the Bishop what he could for the Protestants' avail.— Edinburgh, 17 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 12/3.
June 17. 1456. Occurrents in Scotland.
There is a loss of 3,000 Scots in Sweden, partly in service, but the most part by mutiny; there be not 500 left alive of all that first went thither. The King of Poland is straitly used, and has no Frenchmen but in his inner chamber. All the archers of the Scottish guard here are warned to return into France. There is news that M. Danville should be taken by them of Montpellier, so that it is supposed the house of Guise will triumph more and more. There be many hulks out of Eastland laden with beer and grain, in this country this year they drink beer instead of wine. A ship of Bristol going a fishing to some of the lochs in the west of Scotland, landed two men about Ayr, where they were seized with false coin of this country to a great quantity. Many miners be landed out of Germany to work in Crawford Moor. There be commissioners for the King and the clergy about the policy of the church. At Calais they fortify with great diligence and keep strait watch and ward.
P. ¾. Enclosure.
June 19. 1457. G. Heton to Walsingham.
Desires to know what is Her Majesty's pleasure what he should do concerning the Irishman who is in prison at Brussels. Having occasion to send over the company's secretary to Brussels, he procured means to speak with the Irishman in prison, who declared that he had been there two months and had been once examined, but was so clear that he was not to be touched. If Her Majesty's letter were written to the Chancellor of Brabant he would procure the delivery of her subject. Complains of their evil usage, which will appear by their requests given to the Governor, and his answers to the same, which he sends to the deputy and company to be delivered to the Council. The nature of these men is such that if they have an inch more granted to them than they ought to have they will not be satisfied with an ell. The Spaniards can deal best with these country men, who can make them "couche" like a "lyam" hound. Of the Council here Viglius and D'Assonville be marvellous enemies to the state and realm, being set on by merchants of this town who have got great wealth in England. There be lately come into Holland 30 ships of the East country which had been embargoed to serve the King. Vitelli is returned out of Holland to Brussels. The most part of the Walloon soldiers will serve no longer except they be paid to the last penny. It is thought that the King's camp is withdrawn out of Holland for lack of victuals, and that it is in hand to treat for a peace with the Prince of Orange.—Antwerp, 19 June 1574. Signed.
Add., with seal. Pp. 2.
June 20. 1458. Debts due to Benedetto Spinola.
Note of different sums of money owing to Benedict Spinola on 20 June 1574, amounting to 27,879l. 9s. 8d.
Endd. P. ⅓.
June 21. 1459. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
1. Reckoned without his host when he promised a full dispatch in two days, therefore must tarry two days more Touching Hamilton, he sends the boy's examination. Finds they begin to wax suspicious of their intentions, whatsoever the Regent says, who seems to continue very devout still. For the great matter can yet write nothing, for he will not till to-morrow have to deal in it, and he might alter his course. If they deal soundly they will be brought in tune again. Killsyth has confessed the truth, and is pardoned by the Regent because of his great repentance; this is secret but hereof he may gather that all is not gold that glitters.— Edinburgh, 21 June. Signed.
2. P.S.—"This letter is private to yourself."
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
1460. Examination of John Stewart, Messenger for the Queen of Scots.
John Stewart, of the age of 18 or thereabouts, says that about the year 1570 he went into England with Lord Clinton, but not being able to follow so fast took his way by inquiry to Catford, where the Queen of Scots lay for the time, with whom he remained as a boy in the stable for two years, and the third year with Alexander Hamilton in Derbyshire, who was not permitted to keep him longer. During his time of being in the stables he was sent by Archie Beatoun with letters to Lady Livingstone, and returned with her answers. Knows not the names of the many who came to and fro with letters when the Queen of Scots was at Sheffield, but one Thomas Glover was a secret host and concealer of them, and one John, servant to the Earl of Shrewsbury, who played upon the base violin, conveyed letters and messages unto and from the house. One Morgan did much haunt the said house. One Dick Bayes, an English boy born at Catsmore beside Sheffield, went into Scotland with letters and returned again and remains thereabouts. Departing from Alexander Hamilton he went to London to one John Gray, a Scotchman dwelling in Saint Margaret's parish, where haunted much Cuthbert Reade the Bishop of Ross' secretary, Morgan the Earl of Shrewsbury's secretary, Jervis Lascelles, the Earl of Arundel's man, and divers others. He fell then into service with Mr. Jervis Lascelles, and remained with him a year in Nottinghamshire, when Alexander sent for him to come to him, alleging it would be for his weal. Appointed to meet Alexander in a place called Hansworth, two miles from Sheffield. Then came to Doncaster to the Bull with him, where he had his directions, and 6s. in testers for his charges. He would stand to it to the death that all he said was true, and is ready to come into England to affirm and prove the same.
Endd. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
June 21. 1461. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Has written the effect of his and Mr. Leighton's audience to the Secretaries.
2. The Queen Mother still continues her deep dissimulation. It is certain Monsieur has had some round speeches with his mother, but she tells him she must keep him safe till the coming of his brother. Nothing was found in Bonacorsi, but that he seemed to bear goodwill to Monsieur, which is taken for offence in him and many others.—Paris, 21 June 1574. Signed.
3. P.S. (partly in cipher).—Directly after Mr. Leighton's audience one came from Monsieur and the King of Navarre to tell them that they were constrained to use the speeches they did, and to desire the Queen to continue her good friendship, desiring them to advertise her of the readiness of the Prince of Condé and others, and to desire her to set foot in Normandy, the particulars whereof are committed to be declared by William Killegrew. The rumours that are spread of the Queen arise among the Scots. This is the third or fourth time they have spread she should not be well. La Noüe hopes to pass the Loire easily.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2½.
June 21. 1462. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
Has at length had audience and declared to the Queen Mother the points the Queen commanded him to open to her, as at the instance of De la Mothe, touching the preservation of such as were nearest to her, now that she had the matter in her own government. She thanked the Queen for her goodwill, but said that since the death of the King, she, her son, and the King of Navarre were but one, and that she would not have taken the regency except at their request, and whatsoever is done is done by their consent. In truth Alençon dares not speak to any man nor any man to him. If he speak in secrecy he is examined what he said, and the party called that speaks with him. She said she was sorry that Montmorency had been committed, but it was her son's doings, and now he was in the hands of justice he must be tried. She did not know how the matter of Sir Arthur Champernoun stood, but would inquire. Since the time of his audience the Duke has been suffered to go to the Tuileries, somewhat after the Queen Mother, and to come back before her, whereas otherwise he was not accustomed to go but with her. Once he and the King of Navarre had leave to go to the Queen of Navarre, and passed the guards without let of any man. The captain of the guard did not know that the Queen Mother had given them leave, and complained to her, saying if she gave them leave it booted not for him to guard them. She answered he must continue as he does till the coming of the King. Is advertised the Bishop of Cashel and Stukeley are fallen out in Spain, and discredit each other as much as they may. It is thought by men that know him that Gordon might do more harm in England or Scotland than here. Bonacorsi is discharged from prison. Pinart has said that Sir Arthur Champernoun was never promised any payment, but he must recover it by order of law against those who have the confiscation of Montgomery's lands. As soon as Leighton was able to go abroad he had his audience to take his leave; he used no special matter, but only of certain jealousies he perceived were conceived of late. The Queen Mother made her excuse upon reports of the Queen arming her ships, and other slender suspicions, but being pressed very particularly to name something particularly, she could not. As they were in talk, Monsieur and the King of Navarre came between them with a set tale that whatsoever reports were made of them, they never meant any other thing but to assist and serve the King and the Queen Mother, "but in the mean time, whiles they told their tale, Monsieur held me fast by the hand, and the King of Navarre jogged Mr. Leighton in the elbow, to give us to understand that their meaning was not as they spake."—Paris, 21 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
June 21. 1463. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
The French Queen has been harping about things by suspicions, but can enter into nothing. The Duke and the King of Navarre gather courage and hope, and do use their mother's arts of dissimulation very cunningly. It is a great grief to them that they have not heard from England, because it was bruited the Queen should not be well.—Paris, 21 June. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
June 21. 1464. Events in France.
Such as had charge under Montmorency are discharged. It is said De Carse, cousin to La Mole, has levied a company of men in Provence. Colombiers died very valiantly at St. Lo, and likewise his son, the rest were put to the sword. There was much gazing at Montgomery at his coming to Paris, but as it seemed more pitied than spited. He remains in the Grosse Tour of the palace. He was promised by Matignon to be but prisoner of war. Danville has travailed to make a truce with them of the religion in Languedoc. The Queen Mother has despatched one to break it, supposing they would gather forces in the meantime. She has sent Count Giazzo to Piedmont to levy men against them of Dauphiny. There are good forces both of Swiss and Almains ready to assist the Prince of Condé. La Vallette and De Losse have levied the siege at Clerac in Languedoc. Montbrun and St. Remy with 2,000 horse each are marching against the Prince Dauphin in Dauphiny.
P. 1.
June 22. 1465. Antonio Guerras to [Pedro Venendez.]
The Queen's ships continue to arm, and levies of mariners and other people to be made, and in addition there are 40 other vessels belonging to private persons. Some of the Council oppose these preparations as showing suspicion of the King of Spain, and thereby tending to weaken the ancient friendship between England and Spain, and also on account of the great expense, amounting to 30,000l. per annum. The cause which has moved them to arms is that they have been informed through their spies that Stuckley and other Englishmen have been very busy in urging the despatch of the King's armada, and that a portion is intended for Ireland; also that the ships of the Prince of Orange and of those of Rochelle will not put to sea, and that the King's armada consists of 350 sail and 30 galleys, which has struck terror through the whole country. The Queen Mother has told the English Ambassador in France that she marvelled much that his mistress had ordered all her ships to be armed, and that if it was done to hinder the King of Spain from chastising his rebellious subjects that it was a dishonourable action, as it would be also if it was for the purpose of favouring those in France. Has sent a person to Rochester last week in order to learn more particularly of this armament, who has informed him that they are proceeding with diligence, and will be ready by the 5th July, to the number of 27 vessels. Understands by other reports that they will not be ready till the end of the month, and that they have sent orders for mariners and to hold musters in several counties, and that they will take the sea with the said vessels and 40 private ships. Understands that the wife of Count Boisot has been secretly in the Court with letters from the Prince of Orange, pointing out the peril that would arise by the coming of the Spanish fleet, and offering the possession of Zealand to the Queen of England, and engaging to send all his ships to join with hers in the Downs and oppose the passage of the Spaniards.—London, 19 and 22 June.
Copy. Endd. Span. Pp. 3.
June 23. 1466. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Durst not venture to the Regent upon the matter he and the Earl of Leicester gave him charge to deal in at his former being there. After his return from Stirling he will be better able to judge of this state. The Regent repairs the castle buildings at Dalkeith, and keeps horsemen and footmen in pay. This will ask relief in time, which he will not want although they refuse to give it. Means not to trouble him any farther but with his humble suit to procure his revocation; he has earnest business at home and sees small occasion of doing good here. A man could not be better welcome, nor more made of, by the Regent and his nobility. That is not what he would be at having wife and children at home to care for.—Edinburgh, 23 June 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
June 23. 1467. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
The bearer is sent by the Regent to have some remedy against the pirates. His name is John Ferguson, well thought of by them of the best sort. Is requested to write in favour of his speedy dispatch.—Edinburgh, 23 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
June 23. 1468. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Has enclosed a hodge-podge, and has no leisure to dispose the matters in better order; leaves the occurrents and observations to be used at his own discretion. Touching "Madame," could see no occasion to make mention of it, being first desirous to know what resolution would be taken for the entertaining of amity. Found the old Countess of Argyle, that was in Edinburgh Castle, at the Regent's table well used, therefore thought she needed no great recommendations, but being pressed by the wife of the Earl of Argyle, sometime of the Earl of Murray, he took the liberty to speak for her. Has news that the King of Poland shall marry the Duke Augustus' daughter. The Duke of Guise abides on the frontiers of Lorraine with an army to welcome him home. The Count de Retz is come into France with 8,000 reiters, 7,000 Swiss, and 6,000 Italians. This nation being very suspicious, begin to think that all the benefits received lately were to serve the English turn, who now when they have quietness care not whether they sink or swim, because they do not join in league with them who have abandoned all others for them. Fears if need drive them to use their services they will not find them so pleasant as when the iron was hot, patience yet, better late than never. For the great matter, thinks it will be compassed after the manner he first delivered it after his return from Scotland, but otherwise hardly.—Edinburgh, 23 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
June 23. 1469. Observations and Occurrents out of Scotland.
The want of a league and so little account of them made by the Queen, together with the piracies, have bred a marvellous alteration towards England. Observes French practices begun by M. Molins and George Douglas, and nourished by the archers of the Scottish guard. Of late one George Seton was sent, and letters brought from the Bishops of Glasgow and Ross to entertain men in good devotion. Hears the Regent has been assayed with promise that if he will give ear to France all shall be forgotten, and the King and he embraced and defended. Observes such as favor France are more borne with than when he was last here, and suspected doers for the Scottish Queen very gently handled. Molins' purpose was to procure the King to send some man to the Regent, which would have followed if the King's death had not been a stay. Cannot learn if there is anything intended for the transportation of the King, but favor is sought of those that are about him, and he much exercised of late in the French tongue. The Regent would not have a schoolmaster for him in the Italian tongue, as he said they had nothing to do with Italy in comparison with France. In outward show the Regent's government is well liked and obeyed. If any man be restrained of his desire he will shew a misliking incontinent, as the Earl of Argyle did of late because his wife was con strained to deliver up the King's jewels she had in keeping. The Earl of Athol is but cold, and the Duke and the Earl of Huntley but temporisers. The Regent is commonly well accompanied. The Regent will this week repair a house at Douglasdale for the Earl of Angus. There has been unkindness between the Regent and the clergy touching a man who had the Regent's licence to transport corn, and was condemned by the elders to do penance for taking corn from the kingdom in the time of dearth. Knows not who would be Regent if this man were gone. Some would have Athole, but the Protestants mislike him; some Glencairn, but he is old, weak, and poor; others Angus, but he is too young; others the Bishop of Caithness, but he is of small credit; some would have to the number of four, but that is unlikely. If God should take the Regent the Hamiltons would rule or else give strokes for it. If there be any meaning to give pensions, will seek out the likeliest to serve to purpose. The Regent is at great charges, and will not be nice to receive wherewithal of France or Flanders rather than nowhere. Might as well be in England for anything he can see, unless the Queen would deal more roundly. Sends the order taken by the Regent at St. Andrew's for reforming the abuse in the College, also how far the commissioners for framing a Christian policy for the church have proceeded. Grange's wife, who was unknown since the winning of the Castle, has come to light, by reason of being put to the horn for jewels; her friends offered to bring her to answer. Bruit that the French Queen is with child and the late King her husband was poisoned. Since the loss of 3,000 Scots in Sweden the Regent will grant no more to depart the realm, alleging this fleet coming out of Spain may cause occasion to need them at home. He makes account of 50 good ships of war in his realm. Tales come out of France that the Queen Mother is misliked for conveying treasure out of the realm. While a bark of Hastings with two prizes was at Montrose, the owners of the prizes, men of Rotterdam, came in a Scottish ship, having been found floating in a boat near Norway. Those on land were stayed, but the bark cut her cables and made to sea. Adam Gordon does less harm to this realm at present than if he were at home. It were well to write somewhat hither to wake them from sleep, yet their staff is next the door when the fray shall rise. The Regent has done him great honor for the Queen's sake since his coming; he will shortly send her of the best hawks in the country. The bailiffs of Edinburgh protest their thankful reverence towards the Queen. Certain matters are to be cleared on the Borders; justice would be fully answered at no extraordinary charge if a band were sent from Berwick for two or three months. Order is taken concerning Walter Dulle's matter against Patrick Lough. Touching the two men taken at Ayr with false hardheads, has obtained the one to go home, the other remains till they try him.
Endd. Pp. 3½. Enclosure.
[June.] 1470. Persons thought fit to be entertained in Scotland.
List of 23 noblemen and others, with various amounts for pensions placed against their names, from 500l. for the Regent to 30l. for Peter Young.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
[June.] 1471. Similar list to the above, with two additional, with remarks as to marriages.
Endd. P. 1.
[June.] 1472. Persons recommended for Pensions.
List of those recommended by the Regent as fit to be entertained with pensions, and others not commended by him but thought fit to be entertained, with remarks on the influence, disposition, &c. of each.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 24. 1473. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Killegrew shall find himself friendly and familiarly dealt with in such things as he has charge of. Wishes greater forwardness in matters tending to the common repose of the whole island. The good amity is no less convenient to be entertained than before. Their people are heavily and unfriendly used; prays him be a mean that no further inconvenience arise.—Holyrood House, 24 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 25. 1474. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
The Regent is gone to set miners to work upon Crawford Moor to make profit of it. Learns that not long before the siege Grange had become a mortal enemy to England, there no harm he is gone. Concerning Adam Gordon's desire, can say nothing but wish he were entertained with fair words. The Regent can in nowise hear of Ferniehurst. The Lord of St. John's has the Regent's letters in his favour to the Queen; he goes to her realm to use the baths; he is not best affectionate to the Regent, but civil and wise. The Regent holds under the reconciled factions, yet without offence. Prays he may hear of the voyage of his brother William. A ship brings news that the Duke of Alençon rules all and Montmorency together, and that Count Montgomery is at liberty in Caen—too good news to be true; that 16 of King Philip's ships are stolen out of Spain and come to the Prince of Orange, and that 1,600 Spaniards lately "apparelled" in Antwerp have lost their lives in Holland. If the Queen will give ear to no league or pension, prays him solicit his revocation, for he will do no service here and undo himself. Killsyth had letters from some love of his out of England, wherein was a toy to wear about his neck to preserve love; will deal for his 20l. as soon as he may think to do good. Prays him remember the band of Berwick, that the Scots be not found more ready or able to answer justice than they are. Carmichael and Lord Maxwell will answer all those old attempts mentioned in Lord Scrope's instructions. Touching the matter unspoken of, will advertise in cipher after his return from Stirling. Thinks they will not agree to the sure way of remedy, and will be daunted to accept conditions which cannot be performed without many councils on the matter, which would mislike his delicate ears. Thinks it not convenient to be done unless he saw an assured sequel to follow. The Regent will take his journey northward about the 10th of July, which he sees no cause that the Queen of England's servant should countenance, seeing it is to get money, and so discontent the subjects. To remain here till his return were to little purpose. Prays that when his Grace goes north he may come south, so shall the Queen be advertised of a truth, and be relieved of a great burden. He may see by the examinations what honest men and honest dealings are worth, and what the contrary engenders.— Edinburgh, 25 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
June 24. 1475. H. Killegrew to Christopher Hatton.
Fears the Queen may lose the fruit of her liberality in reducing the whole subjects and strengths of this realm to the King's obedience. Was desired by the Privy Council to see what they would do for acknowledging her great goodness, whose answer was that they would enter into league with her against her enemies, a thing much desired of their predecessors, who were wont to say, "Whoso would England win, at Scotland he must first begin." The Council were of mind it was convenient to bind them more straitly with a yearly remembrance, so he sounded the worthiest, and found a less yearly cost than 2,000l. would have served the turn. Knows not by whose default it is not granted, they will in time be driven back to old enemies. Whilst these things have hung in suspense they have been confirmed in their opinions and conceits that they were contented to see them strike in civil war, until the danger appearing upon the massacre of the Admiral, which being since quenched they are content to leave them without league or sure friendship of any prince. Doubt drives them to think where they can look themselves best for their own surety. Some will continue faithful to the Queen, but the rest will begin charity at themselves after the manner of the world. France wooes the Regent and the King's faction, and makes more court to them than to the other side. Where he left them as it were in a consumption, finds them lusty and gallant, having forgotten their late dangerous state. They are as men looking where best they may do their business, and in the meantime answer with as good compliments as have been used to them. If he think no good will be done concerning the league and pensions, prays him to help procure his revocation, that has earnest business of his own at home.—Edinburgh, 24 June. Signed.
Copy. Pp. 4. Enclosure.
[June.] 1476. Piracies by Englishmen.
1. Account of the piracies committed by a ship commanded by Robert Isted, a gentleman of Hastings, who was apprehended at Montrose on the 15th June; also of those of a Mr. Fielding. Statements by the persons robbed, and by such of the crew as were apprehended, &c.
2. These men had brought some ships into Montrose, alleging them to be Spanish vessels taken under licence from the Prince of Orange. They were, however, taken from some Dutchmen, who were found adrift in a boat upon the coast of Norway by a vessel bound for Leith, but which put into Montrose under stress of weather. There the owners recognized their ships, and such of the crew of the pirate as were on shore were made prisoners, those on board set sail and escaped leaving the prizes behind them.
Endd. Pp. 3. Enclosure.
June 27. 1477. Dr. Dale to [Lord Burghley].
Concerning his resignation of the Archdeaconry of Surrey and his appointment to the Deanery of Wells.—Paris, 27 June. Signed.
P. 1.
June 27. 1478. Dr Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Finds that the doubt they were in at Mr. Leighton's departure was a mere device of the Queen Mother, as was also that whereof he sent word by William Killegrew.
2. Has learned that the matter of Bonacorsi was a very vain jealousy, whereof he has acquitted him thoroughly.— Paris, 27 June 1574. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ½.
June 27. 1479. Occurrents in France.
It is said that certain of the religion in Lorraine have spoiled certain towns on the frontier belonging to the Cardinal of Lorraine. It is secretly talked that the Queen Mother earnestly solicits the King of Spain to turn his navy against the Queen's dominions. The talk of the treaty between the Queen of Scots and Don John of Austria begins secretly to be renewed. Subjects of the King of Navarre are much miscontented with his detaining. Certain captains have told the Queen Mother that they dare not enter into any service if Montgomery should be used otherwise than prisoner of war; yet this day he has been put to the rack, and now he is executed. La Roche was executed the 23rd upon the accusation of Mitty; his matter touched an enterprise intended at Compeigne or some other town in Picardy in favour of the Prince of Condé. The Queen Mother has word that the King of Poland is sick, and therefore makes the more fair weather with Monsieur. She wept at the receipt of her letters from Poland, and the next day went on foot to St. Genevieve, at which place there is a superstitious pilgrimags for the healing of fevers. They of the religion in Menerbeo in Dauphiny pretended of late they would yield their towns to the garrisons of the Pope in Avignon, who coming to execute their enterprise, Montbrun being in ambush gave them a great overthrow. The report of the arriving of the reiters is taken for certain. Captain Cassal is sent to draw men from Condé, and one is sent to Danville with great promises. The Queen Mother enters into misliking of Montpensier, and has willed him to gather his forces together; and it is said that he has as much misliking of her regency without his consent. There is news that the navy of the King of Spain is in much readiness. The Queen Mother has Monsieur about the town for a show.
Pp. 12/3. Enclosure.
June 27. 1480. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
His letter stood them in marvellous much stead, for even to this hour the rumour of the Queen's death continues. Had he not had his letter he could neither have answered it nor satisfied himself.—Paris, 27 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 30. 1481. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Has been to Stirling to see the King, who was very glad to hear from the Queen. He could use pretty speeches as to how much he was bound to her, yea, more than to his own mother. He has well grown in body and spirit since he was here last. He could speak the French tongue marvellously well, and was able extempore to read a chapter out of the Bible into French and out of French into English. Appointed the King what chapter he would, so that he could see it was not studied for. He likewise danced with a very good grace. Found by them that the lives of the King's schoolmasters and others were no dearer to them than his prosperity. Can learn of no practice to transport the King into France; there is a sister of Lord Livingstone's about him much suspected to be French; his schoolmasters are desirous to have him from the handling of women. The Countess of Argyle is brought to bed of a dead son and in great danger of her life. Robert Melvil is so grateful for his life, and willing to do the Queen service, that favour were well bestowed upon him. Prays he may deal with the Regent for his full pardon, who yet is prisoner in his own house, and may be executed tomorrow. The Queen will do well to write to the Regent in favour of the Countess of Argyle and her husband, who is a godly noble man. The rest of the pirates taken at Montrose are brought to this town, and are shortly to be brought to trial of law. The King of Poland is very sickly; he is so straitly watched that he could not steal away, having not above 30 Frenchmen in all with him; he made offer for the 3,000 Scots since slain in Sweden, but the Poles would none of them.—Edinburgh, last of June 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
June. 1482. Pasquil of France.
Dialogue composed of quotations from the scriptures, supposed to be spoken by the King of France, the Queen Mother, the Duke of Alençon, the Duke of Guise, the King of Navarre, Paris, France, &c., &c.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 2¼.
June. 1483. Examinations of Pirates.
Examination of the remainder of the pirates apprehended at Montrose, and executed at Leith the 2nd July 1574.
Endd. Pp. 2¼.