1438. Earl of Huntley to the Queen.
Is sorry to understand there should be cause in deed or
reports which should move her to conceive doubt of his
promise. Has done what lies in him to stop all unlawful
attempts or the suspicions thereof. Has offered his own
person as pledge and hostage that his part and doings may
be justified. Has found in the Regent favourable acceptation of his offer. Minds not to lose the benefit of her favour,
or of this good quiet already experienced, but will give
proof of his truth towards his King's country, and his
thankfulness towards her.—Leith, 1 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1439. The Queen to the Regent of Scotland.
The bearer, Henry Killegrew, will give him to understand
whereof the long stay in sending him has grown; hopes he
will not conceive it proceeded from lack of the goodwill
towards him that his honourable dealing has merited. He
shall be instructed of the state here as well as of foreign
matters. The late death of the French King, though he
might well be spared, considering his bloody disposition,
weighing who is to succeed him, cannot but be perilous to
both the realms, and it behoves them to have their eyes open,
and shake off security.—Hampton.
Conditions whereon the Queen of Scots will resign her
Estate to her Son.
1. To follow her counsel for his marriage; shall employ himself for her deliverance; restore those of her friends and their
children who have suffered loss of goods and life for her sake;
that certain Catholics shall dispute with the ministers of the
religion in Scotland, for her better instruction in the Roman
religion, and that Catholics may live there without vexation.
2. These articles are sent out of France to be used with great
discretion, for if any copies should be delivered out, it would
be said the Queen's ministers went there to set them at
Copy. Pp. 2.
1441. Francisco Giraldi to the King of Portugal.
A very long letter in cipher, apparently relating to his
negociations with the Queen of England, respecting her
subjects' traffic with Barbary. — London, 4 June 1574.
Add. Endd. Portuguese. Pp. 29.
1442. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Queen Mother takes upon her the Regency, neither
having consent of the States, nor yet authorised, but by the
King that is dead, to the great misliking of men of understanding
She is removed to the Louvre, and keeps her son and Navarre
with guard and sentinel in every corner. Will suffer no man
to speak with them, and has committed "Bonacorsi" to prison.
She makes fair weather to them (Dale, &c.), but he could
have neither audience nor passport to this day, and all are
watched that speak with them. All things in Paris are at
the devotion of the townsmen at the commandment of the
Queen Mother. The Poles here are of opinion that their
King shall not be suffered to come before a new election, but
it is thought he will come away out of hand. His passage
is dealt for all ways both by sea and land. Chapin Vitelli
has letters to the Queen from the new Duke of Florence. It
is given out that the King of Spain will not use the King of
Portugal's ships because they are over great, which may
increase the suspicion they are bent another way. Champernoun's procurations are like to get no money.—Paris, 7 June
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
1443. Events in France.
The King before his death spoke lovingly to the King of
Navarre, but made little countenance to the Duke. The
King's body being opened, it was found he had an impostume
in his lungs. The Duke and the King of Navarre have sent
to salute the King of Poland as King. It is bruited that La
Noüe, with three hundred Gascons, and the townsmen of
Fontenay, discomfited Montpensier, took his ordnance and
munition, and very many notable persons. Montpensier
himself had much ado to escape. Matignon has brought
Montgomery before St. Lo and Carentan, by his person the
better to come by those towns. Marshal de Retz is arrived
P. 2/3. Enclosure.
1444. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Does not perceive any readiness of payment for Sir Arthur
Champernoun. Touching the matter in cipher it appears by
itself what is either feared or hoped. Killegrew is dogged
wherever he goes. They now begin to quarrel with them
(Dale, &c.). Pinart came with all the fair words in the
world, and after to complain of their men, and namely of
Jacomo. Made little answer, but said they would declare
their mind to the Queen Mother at their audience, willing
him tell her that there was nothing meant or done by any
of them but honourable, and if they meant otherwise they had
the courage to tell her so.—Paris, 7 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
1445. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Means to be in Edinburgh on the 9th of the month. At
the end of May the Earl of Huntley came to Dalkeith to the
Regent, and returned home so well pleased that some say he
shall be Chancellor again. The Earl of Caithness is at Edinburgh, very obsequious to the Regent; a man of great living
and power in the farthest part of Scotland, by whose assistance the Regent may bridle such disordered persons as show
themselves in those quarters. Killsyth goes to Edinburgh
under surety to answer when he shall be called. Prays God
the French King's death breeds not a dangerous change for
them. The Regent has of late had great complaints made to
him by such of his countrymen as have been spoiled by
English pirates, which lie about Scarborough and Flamborough Head. It is taken so unkindly by the Scots that it
will help to breed an alteration in their devotion to England,
which he understands begins to decay. Some of the pirates
lie about Ferne Island. Assures him he finds some alteration
above his expectation, but will do his best to remove it.
Recommends to his good remembrance Mr. Herle's diligent
and good service. Understands the Earl of Shrewsbury is
greatly decayed both in body and memory, not to be recovered.—Berwick, 8 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1446. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Prays] that the alteration mentioned in Mr. Dale's letter
turn to the best, but fears it much. Understands of great
spoils and some slaughter done of late by their pirates
upon Scottish merchants. The Regent is greatly moved, and
he is likely to have hot complaints thereof. One Higgins,
that went forth under Mr. Secretary Smith's licence, has done
much harm. It is time to restrain such, for they would make
a pique where there is no need. The Earl of Caithness has
been attending on the Regent, who did not the like to any
Regent before now. There is great hope of good yield of
corn since this last rain, which began on the 2nd and
continues to this day. Means to depart hence this day.
Beseeches his letters to Mr. Attorney and Mr. Solicitor
touching his suit; he had no time but to leave the matter to
his wife. Beseeches him to give thanks to Mr. Herle for his
diligence and carefulness in his father-in-law's matters; his
service deserves better at the Queen's hands than he yet feels.
Fears the Earl of Shrewsbury will not be without danger of
his life this next winter.—Berwick, 8 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
1447. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Has received his letter of the 4th instant, and delivered
those of occurrents to Mr. Killegrew, who takes this day his
journey into Scotland. Has received this morning from
Newcastle by ships out of France like advertisement of
the King's death, and that Count Montgomery was taken.
Wishes that their neighbours were put in heart to continue
in this good concurrence for causes both of amity and justice
on the Borders. Dares not say that some portion of the
ordinary [charge], seeing the principal officers and others
abandon their service so long might for such a purpose be
spared. Desires that he may be relieved of the charge of the
rule of the town, being unable to bear the burden both of
Governor and Marshal without any allowance, and also that
he may be licensed to be absent for 14 days till order may
be given for the said charge, as some of his purveyors in
Yorkshire and the coast do not answer their accounts according to the trust committed to them.—Berwick, 9 June 1574.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
1448. News from Paris.
1. June 7, 1574.—The Queen Mother has taken upon her the
Regency only upon certain words spoken by the King before
his death. She has removed from Bois de Vincennes to Paris
to the Louvre, where she keeps her son and the King of
Navarre within the castle with guard upon guard. She has
grated the chamber windows of the King of Navarre like a
prison and stopped all the back passages into the town. She
has also committed "Bonacorsi" to prison. There is marvellous misliking at this dealing amongst all men; notwithstanding
this the Queen Mother sends courteous messages unto them
[Dale and Leighton] daily as though she would gladly keep
the favour of the Queen of England, but in the meanwhile
watch is laid what every man does, and no one dares be seen
in their company. Great discourse is made of the coming of
the King of Poland. Young Lansac is sent into Germany to
treat for a safe conduct for the King of Polonia that way.
Montmorin is already dispatched to the Emperor. It is given
forth that the King of Spain will not use the King of Portugal's ships because they are over great, which may increase
the suspicion that they are "bent" another way. "The
King a little before his death spake lovingly to the King of
Navarre, and recommended unto him earnestly the obedience
unto his mother, but he made little countenance to Monsr. le
Duc. The King's body being opened it was found he had an
impostume in his lungs. The King of Navarre has sent
Meysance and Monsieur has sent M. D'Estrees to the King of
Polonia to salute him as King." It is much bruited that
De la Noüe has given an overthrow to Montpensier before
Fontenay, also that Matignon has brought Montgomery before
St. Lo the better to come by the town.
2. By young Killegrew. 10 June, from Paris.—The miscontent increases daily amongst all sorts because the Queen
Mother has taken upon her the Regency without the consent
of the Estates, and also for detaining Monsieur and the King
of Navarre. The Queen Mother uses persuasions to move all
men to be quiet until the coming of the King, with great
promises of amendment of all things. MM. St. Supplice and
Villeroy are returned out of Languedoc without hope of any
pacification. Since the coming home of the Marshal de Retz
it begins to be doubted how the King shall come out of
Poland. The Marshal escaped narrowly the hands of certain
French Protestants who are in the dominions of the Duke de la
Petite Pierre Lutzelstein. Monsieur comes into the Council
now and then, and goes in company with the Queen Mother
to the Tuileries.
Endd. Pp. 2½.
1449. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
The misliking of the title of the Queen Mother's regency
and the detaining of the Princes increases daily. They would
lack no help if they would help themselves. Her policy is to
promise amendment of all things, and deliverance and reconciliation of all men at the coming of the King, and she sends
about to La Noüe and Danville to pacify them. It is said
Retz has obtained letters from the Count Palatine to La Noüe
to turn his forces to the Low Country. There are doubts more
and more of the difficulty of the King's return, and they much
mistrust of the Queen. Therefore Pinart was sent to him
with demonstration of great affection, to declare to him that
persons are appointed for the satisfaction of the Queen's
subjects. Mitty, that was Lord Norrey's man, has accused
one La Roche of intelligence between Monsieur and the Duke
of Bouillon. Gordon, the Earl of Huntley's brother, has been
to him for a passport. Would not give him one till he knew
how the Queen liked of it. William Killegrew minds to
despatch from hence as soon as he can to avoid suspicion.
"Poor Montgomery" is in hand and two councillors are gone
to examine him. Leighton recovers his strength by little and
little. Villeroy and St. Supplice are returned from Languedoc
without hope of pacification. De Retz escaped very narrowly
certain of the French on the frontier of Germany.—Paris,
10 June 1874.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
1450. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
The Queen Mother has grated the chambers of Monsieur
and the King of Navarre. She puts Montmorency's wife in
comfort that her husband shall be at liberty at the coming of
the King. Difficulties increasing daily with the news of the
overthrow of Montpensier vex her very much. Monsieur
comes to the Council now and then, and goes in company of
the Queen Mother to the Tuileries, and into the town sometimes for countenance sake. The Earl of Huntley has written
to Gordon his brother that the Regent is advertised of practices
of his in France, whereby he may be in danger of his bond,
which he entered for his good behaviour, and advised him to
behave himself in such manner as it may bring no danger to
him. Gordon said he would pass to England to purge himself
to the Queen, and desired his passport.—Paris, 10 June 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
1451. Remonstrance of the Estates of Flanders.
1. Declare their loyalty and their earnest desire for the maintenance of the Catholic religion, but complain of certain
abuses, such as the maintenance of foreign garrisons, excessive
taxation, the tyrannical behaviour of the Spaniards, the suppression of their privileges, and the general misgovernment
of the country, all which they pray may be remedied and the
management of affairs placed again in the hands of the
councils of the country.
2. The reply of Don Luis de Requescens, reviewing the
different articles of the remonstrance, and promising to
forward them to the King.—Brussels, 11 June 1574.
Copy. Fr. Pp. 3½.
1452. [Antonio Guerras] to —
Gives an account of the naval preparations that are being
made in England under Vice-Admiral Winter and Hawkins
to oppose the descent of the King of Spain's armada on the
coast of Ireland.—London, 14 June 1574.
A considerable portion not deciphered. Span. Pp. 4.
1453. Henry, King of Poland, to the Queen.
Condoles with her on the death of his brother Charles, and
hopes that she will continue to act with the same amity
towards him as she has done to the late King.—Cracow,
15 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. Royal Letter.
1454. Roger Bodenham to Lord Burghley.
In Spain the whole government rests in the hands of the spirituality, and such as they be right well assured of, who indeed
hate the estate of England mortally. Whatsoever be said or
appear to the contrary the Spaniard will never yield more
than by way of force he shall be compelled to do. As they
stand in more fear of England than there is cause for the
English to fear them, the more cause they give them to suspect their friendship the sooner they will discover themselves,
or come to some good ground of assured amity, which he
thinks will never hold firmly until they consent that Englishmen shall come into Spain without danger of the Inquisition,
and how far that is off all the world sees. There is in London
a nest of Spaniards who do nothing else but spy what is done
and intended to be done, and give advertisement thereof,
who have acquaintance with many who be of their religion,
who are for the most part both ignorant and malicious, of
whom they learn such advertisements as be to the worst purpose. The special cause why he says this is for that there is
a number of evil-disposed persons in the realm who have conference with these Spaniards, and put forth amongst the
common people and others that if the King of Spain would
extend his power against this realm it would lightly be overcome, and so many as bear any devotion to the Spanish
religion believe it verily, of which sort he thinks there be too
many in number. As he is going into Spain has thought good
thus to discharge some part of his duty. Will advertise with
speed what he finds there. Has always desired to do him
service without respect of reward. Can never do him better
service than by giving him knowledge of two men whom he
may make his most assured friends, and who be worthy to be
embraced and made much of. The one is Sir James Croftes,
and the other is Mr. Dyer.—Bristol, 17 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
1455. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Order is given by the Regent for answering Hamilton's
confession. There has been some practising for France, but
cannot yet come to the knowledge thereof. Great obedience
to the Regent in all Scotland; were he gone they know no
more where to find another for the purpose than they do a
successor for the weal of England. The Regent and Huntley
are on good terms, the Earl of Athole likewise. Trusts with
good handling the alteration in the mind of many, caused
by the great spoil of their merchants by pirates, may be
remedied. It were requisite to write letters to Berwick, and
the Island to apprehend all such as they may well fasten
on. Sir Valentine Browne still makes earnest search for
him that coined false money in Scotland and is escaped
from Berwick. That they have been so slow in answering
their request touching a league has done much harm, and
brought many to doubt of their intentions. Order shall be
taken touching justice between Lord Scrope and Lord
Maxwell. Finds Lord Scrope deals dutifully and honorably,
but to go through with the matter he will require for three
or four months a band of the soldiers of Berwick. Killsyth
is abroad; he excuses the letter to the Bishop of Ross upon
his agreement with him (Walsingham) to grope and suck out
of the Bishop what he could for the Protestants' avail.—
Edinburgh, 17 June 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 12/3.
1456. Occurrents in Scotland.
There is a loss of 3,000 Scots in Sweden, partly in service,
but the most part by mutiny; there be not 500 left alive of
all that first went thither. The King of Poland is straitly
used, and has no Frenchmen but in his inner chamber. All
the archers of the Scottish guard here are warned to return
into France. There is news that M. Danville should be taken
by them of Montpellier, so that it is supposed the house of
Guise will triumph more and more. There be many hulks
out of Eastland laden with beer and grain, in this country
this year they drink beer instead of wine. A ship of Bristol
going a fishing to some of the lochs in the west of Scotland,
landed two men about Ayr, where they were seized with
false coin of this country to a great quantity. Many miners
be landed out of Germany to work in Crawford Moor. There
be commissioners for the King and the clergy about the policy
of the church. At Calais they fortify with great diligence and
keep strait watch and ward.
P. ¾. Enclosure.
1457. G. Heton to Walsingham.
Desires to know what is Her Majesty's pleasure what he
should do concerning the Irishman who is in prison at
Brussels. Having occasion to send over the company's
secretary to Brussels, he procured means to speak with the
Irishman in prison, who declared that he had been there
two months and had been once examined, but was so clear
that he was not to be touched. If Her Majesty's letter were
written to the Chancellor of Brabant he would procure the
delivery of her subject. Complains of their evil usage, which
will appear by their requests given to the Governor, and his
answers to the same, which he sends to the deputy and company to be delivered to the Council. The nature of these men
is such that if they have an inch more granted to them than
they ought to have they will not be satisfied with an ell.
The Spaniards can deal best with these country men, who can
make them "couche" like a "lyam" hound. Of the Council
here Viglius and D'Assonville be marvellous enemies to the
state and realm, being set on by merchants of this town who
have got great wealth in England. There be lately come into
Holland 30 ships of the East country which had been
embargoed to serve the King. Vitelli is returned out of
Holland to Brussels. The most part of the Walloon soldiers
will serve no longer except they be paid to the last penny.
It is thought that the King's camp is withdrawn out of
Holland for lack of victuals, and that it is in hand to treat for
a peace with the Prince of Orange.—Antwerp, 19 June 1574.
Add., with seal. Pp. 2.
1458. Debts due to Benedetto Spinola.
Note of different sums of money owing to Benedict
Spinola on 20 June 1574, amounting to 27,879l. 9s. 8d.
Endd. P. ⅓.
1459. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
1. Reckoned without his host when he promised a full dispatch in two days, therefore must tarry two days more
Touching Hamilton, he sends the boy's examination. Finds
they begin to wax suspicious of their intentions, whatsoever
the Regent says, who seems to continue very devout still.
For the great matter can yet write nothing, for he will not
till to-morrow have to deal in it, and he might alter his
course. If they deal soundly they will be brought in tune
again. Killsyth has confessed the truth, and is pardoned by
the Regent because of his great repentance; this is secret
but hereof he may gather that all is not gold that glitters.—
Edinburgh, 21 June. Signed.
2. P.S.—"This letter is private to yourself."
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
1460. Examination of John Stewart, Messenger for the Queen
John Stewart, of the age of 18 or thereabouts, says that
about the year 1570 he went into England with Lord Clinton,
but not being able to follow so fast took his way by inquiry
to Catford, where the Queen of Scots lay for the time, with
whom he remained as a boy in the stable for two years, and
the third year with Alexander Hamilton in Derbyshire, who
was not permitted to keep him longer. During his time of
being in the stables he was sent by Archie Beatoun with
letters to Lady Livingstone, and returned with her answers.
Knows not the names of the many who came to and fro with
letters when the Queen of Scots was at Sheffield, but one
Thomas Glover was a secret host and concealer of them, and
one John, servant to the Earl of Shrewsbury, who played
upon the base violin, conveyed letters and messages unto and
from the house. One Morgan did much haunt the said house.
One Dick Bayes, an English boy born at Catsmore beside
Sheffield, went into Scotland with letters and returned again
and remains thereabouts. Departing from Alexander Hamilton
he went to London to one John Gray, a Scotchman dwelling
in Saint Margaret's parish, where haunted much Cuthbert
Reade the Bishop of Ross' secretary, Morgan the Earl of
Shrewsbury's secretary, Jervis Lascelles, the Earl of Arundel's
man, and divers others. He fell then into service with Mr.
Jervis Lascelles, and remained with him a year in Nottinghamshire, when Alexander sent for him to come to him,
alleging it would be for his weal. Appointed to meet
Alexander in a place called Hansworth, two miles from
Sheffield. Then came to Doncaster to the Bull with him,
where he had his directions, and 6s. in testers for his charges.
He would stand to it to the death that all he said was true,
and is ready to come into England to affirm and prove the
Endd. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
1461. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Has written the effect of his and Mr. Leighton's audience to the Secretaries.
2. The Queen Mother still continues her deep dissimulation. It is certain Monsieur has had some round speeches
with his mother, but she tells him she must keep him safe
till the coming of his brother. Nothing was found in
Bonacorsi, but that he seemed to bear goodwill to Monsieur,
which is taken for offence in him and many others.—Paris,
21 June 1574. Signed.
3. P.S. (partly in cipher).—Directly after Mr. Leighton's
audience one came from Monsieur and the King of Navarre
to tell them that they were constrained to use the speeches
they did, and to desire the Queen to continue her good friendship, desiring them to advertise her of the readiness of the
Prince of Condé and others, and to desire her to set foot
in Normandy, the particulars whereof are committed to be
declared by William Killegrew. The rumours that are spread
of the Queen arise among the Scots. This is the third or
fourth time they have spread she should not be well. La Noüe
hopes to pass the Loire easily.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2½.
1462. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
Has at length had audience and declared to the Queen
Mother the points the Queen commanded him to open to her,
as at the instance of De la Mothe, touching the preservation
of such as were nearest to her, now that she had the matter
in her own government. She thanked the Queen for her
goodwill, but said that since the death of the King, she, her
son, and the King of Navarre were but one, and that she
would not have taken the regency except at their request,
and whatsoever is done is done by their consent. In truth
Alençon dares not speak to any man nor any man to him.
If he speak in secrecy he is examined what he said, and the
party called that speaks with him. She said she was sorry
that Montmorency had been committed, but it was her son's
doings, and now he was in the hands of justice he must be
tried. She did not know how the matter of Sir Arthur
Champernoun stood, but would inquire. Since the time of his
audience the Duke has been suffered to go to the Tuileries,
somewhat after the Queen Mother, and to come back before
her, whereas otherwise he was not accustomed to go but with
her. Once he and the King of Navarre had leave to go to
the Queen of Navarre, and passed the guards without let of
any man. The captain of the guard did not know that the
Queen Mother had given them leave, and complained to her,
saying if she gave them leave it booted not for him to guard
them. She answered he must continue as he does till the
coming of the King. Is advertised the Bishop of Cashel and
Stukeley are fallen out in Spain, and discredit each other as
much as they may. It is thought by men that know him
that Gordon might do more harm in England or Scotland
than here. Bonacorsi is discharged from prison. Pinart has
said that Sir Arthur Champernoun was never promised any
payment, but he must recover it by order of law against
those who have the confiscation of Montgomery's lands. As
soon as Leighton was able to go abroad he had his audience
to take his leave; he used no special matter, but only of
certain jealousies he perceived were conceived of late. The
Queen Mother made her excuse upon reports of the Queen
arming her ships, and other slender suspicions, but being
pressed very particularly to name something particularly, she
could not. As they were in talk, Monsieur and the King of
Navarre came between them with a set tale that whatsoever
reports were made of them, they never meant any other thing
but to assist and serve the King and the Queen Mother, "but
in the mean time, whiles they told their tale, Monsieur held
me fast by the hand, and the King of Navarre jogged Mr.
Leighton in the elbow, to give us to understand that their
meaning was not as they spake."—Paris, 21 June 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
1463. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
The French Queen has been harping about things by
suspicions, but can enter into nothing. The Duke and the
King of Navarre gather courage and hope, and do use their
mother's arts of dissimulation very cunningly. It is a great
grief to them that they have not heard from England,
because it was bruited the Queen should not be well.—Paris,
21 June. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
1464. Events in France.
Such as had charge under Montmorency are discharged.
It is said De Carse, cousin to La Mole, has levied a company
of men in Provence. Colombiers died very valiantly at
St. Lo, and likewise his son, the rest were put to the sword.
There was much gazing at Montgomery at his coming to
Paris, but as it seemed more pitied than spited. He remains
in the Grosse Tour of the palace. He was promised by
Matignon to be but prisoner of war. Danville has travailed
to make a truce with them of the religion in Languedoc.
The Queen Mother has despatched one to break it, supposing
they would gather forces in the meantime. She has sent
Count Giazzo to Piedmont to levy men against them of
Dauphiny. There are good forces both of Swiss and Almains
ready to assist the Prince of Condé. La Vallette and De
Losse have levied the siege at Clerac in Languedoc. Montbrun and St. Remy with 2,000 horse each are marching
against the Prince Dauphin in Dauphiny.
1465. Antonio Guerras to [Pedro Venendez.]
The Queen's ships continue to arm, and levies of mariners
and other people to be made, and in addition there are 40
other vessels belonging to private persons. Some of the
Council oppose these preparations as showing suspicion of the
King of Spain, and thereby tending to weaken the ancient
friendship between England and Spain, and also on account
of the great expense, amounting to 30,000l. per annum. The
cause which has moved them to arms is that they have been
informed through their spies that Stuckley and other Englishmen have been very busy in urging the despatch of the
King's armada, and that a portion is intended for Ireland;
also that the ships of the Prince of Orange and of those of
Rochelle will not put to sea, and that the King's armada
consists of 350 sail and 30 galleys, which has struck terror
through the whole country. The Queen Mother has told
the English Ambassador in France that she marvelled much
that his mistress had ordered all her ships to be armed,
and that if it was done to hinder the King of Spain from
chastising his rebellious subjects that it was a dishonourable
action, as it would be also if it was for the purpose of favouring those in France. Has sent a person to Rochester last
week in order to learn more particularly of this armament, who
has informed him that they are proceeding with diligence,
and will be ready by the 5th July, to the number of 27
vessels. Understands by other reports that they will not
be ready till the end of the month, and that they have sent
orders for mariners and to hold musters in several counties,
and that they will take the sea with the said vessels and 40
private ships. Understands that the wife of Count Boisot
has been secretly in the Court with letters from the Prince of
Orange, pointing out the peril that would arise by the coming
of the Spanish fleet, and offering the possession of Zealand to
the Queen of England, and engaging to send all his ships to
join with hers in the Downs and oppose the passage of the
Spaniards.—London, 19 and 22 June.
Copy. Endd. Span. Pp. 3.
1466. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Durst not venture to the Regent upon the matter he and
the Earl of Leicester gave him charge to deal in at his former
being there. After his return from Stirling he will be better
able to judge of this state. The Regent repairs the castle
buildings at Dalkeith, and keeps horsemen and footmen in
pay. This will ask relief in time, which he will not want
although they refuse to give it. Means not to trouble him
any farther but with his humble suit to procure his revocation; he has earnest business at home and sees small occasion
of doing good here. A man could not be better welcome, nor
more made of, by the Regent and his nobility. That is not
what he would be at having wife and children at home to
care for.—Edinburgh, 23 June 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1467. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
The bearer is sent by the Regent to have some remedy
against the pirates. His name is John Ferguson, well thought
of by them of the best sort. Is requested to write in favour
of his speedy dispatch.—Edinburgh, 23 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1468. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Has enclosed a hodge-podge, and has no leisure to dispose the matters in better order; leaves the occurrents and
observations to be used at his own discretion. Touching
"Madame," could see no occasion to make mention of it, being
first desirous to know what resolution would be taken for the
entertaining of amity. Found the old Countess of Argyle,
that was in Edinburgh Castle, at the Regent's table well used,
therefore thought she needed no great recommendations, but
being pressed by the wife of the Earl of Argyle, sometime of
the Earl of Murray, he took the liberty to speak for her.
Has news that the King of Poland shall marry the Duke
Augustus' daughter. The Duke of Guise abides on the
frontiers of Lorraine with an army to welcome him home.
The Count de Retz is come into France with 8,000 reiters,
7,000 Swiss, and 6,000 Italians. This nation being very
suspicious, begin to think that all the benefits received lately
were to serve the English turn, who now when they have
quietness care not whether they sink or swim, because they
do not join in league with them who have abandoned all
others for them. Fears if need drive them to use their
services they will not find them so pleasant as when the iron
was hot, patience yet, better late than never. For the great
matter, thinks it will be compassed after the manner he first
delivered it after his return from Scotland, but otherwise
hardly.—Edinburgh, 23 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1469. Observations and Occurrents out of Scotland.
The want of a league and so little account of them made by
the Queen, together with the piracies, have bred a marvellous
alteration towards England. Observes French practices begun
by M. Molins and George Douglas, and nourished by the
archers of the Scottish guard. Of late one George Seton was
sent, and letters brought from the Bishops of Glasgow and
Ross to entertain men in good devotion. Hears the Regent
has been assayed with promise that if he will give ear to
France all shall be forgotten, and the King and he embraced
and defended. Observes such as favor France are more borne
with than when he was last here, and suspected doers for the
Scottish Queen very gently handled. Molins' purpose was to
procure the King to send some man to the Regent, which
would have followed if the King's death had not been a stay.
Cannot learn if there is anything intended for the transportation of the King, but favor is sought of those that are about
him, and he much exercised of late in the French tongue.
The Regent would not have a schoolmaster for him in the
Italian tongue, as he said they had nothing to do with Italy
in comparison with France. In outward show the Regent's
government is well liked and obeyed. If any man be
restrained of his desire he will shew a misliking incontinent,
as the Earl of Argyle did of late because his wife was con
strained to deliver up the King's jewels she had in keeping.
The Earl of Athol is but cold, and the Duke and the Earl of
Huntley but temporisers. The Regent is commonly well accompanied. The Regent will this week repair a house at Douglasdale for the Earl of Angus. There has been unkindness between
the Regent and the clergy touching a man who had the Regent's
licence to transport corn, and was condemned by the elders to
do penance for taking corn from the kingdom in the time of
dearth. Knows not who would be Regent if this man were
gone. Some would have Athole, but the Protestants mislike
him; some Glencairn, but he is old, weak, and poor; others
Angus, but he is too young; others the Bishop of Caithness,
but he is of small credit; some would have to the number of
four, but that is unlikely. If God should take the Regent
the Hamiltons would rule or else give strokes for it. If there
be any meaning to give pensions, will seek out the likeliest
to serve to purpose. The Regent is at great charges, and will
not be nice to receive wherewithal of France or Flanders
rather than nowhere. Might as well be in England for anything he can see, unless the Queen would deal more roundly.
Sends the order taken by the Regent at St. Andrew's for
reforming the abuse in the College, also how far the commissioners for framing a Christian policy for the church have
proceeded. Grange's wife, who was unknown since the winning of the Castle, has come to light, by reason of being put
to the horn for jewels; her friends offered to bring her to
answer. Bruit that the French Queen is with child and the
late King her husband was poisoned. Since the loss of 3,000
Scots in Sweden the Regent will grant no more to depart the
realm, alleging this fleet coming out of Spain may cause
occasion to need them at home. He makes account of 50
good ships of war in his realm. Tales come out of France that
the Queen Mother is misliked for conveying treasure out of
the realm. While a bark of Hastings with two prizes was
at Montrose, the owners of the prizes, men of Rotterdam,
came in a Scottish ship, having been found floating in a boat
near Norway. Those on land were stayed, but the bark cut
her cables and made to sea. Adam Gordon does less harm to
this realm at present than if he were at home. It were well
to write somewhat hither to wake them from sleep, yet their
staff is next the door when the fray shall rise. The Regent
has done him great honor for the Queen's sake since his
coming; he will shortly send her of the best hawks in the
country. The bailiffs of Edinburgh protest their thankful
reverence towards the Queen. Certain matters are to be
cleared on the Borders; justice would be fully answered at no
extraordinary charge if a band were sent from Berwick for
two or three months. Order is taken concerning Walter
Dulle's matter against Patrick Lough. Touching the two
men taken at Ayr with false hardheads, has obtained the one
to go home, the other remains till they try him.
Endd. Pp. 3½. Enclosure.
1470. Persons thought fit to be entertained in Scotland.
List of 23 noblemen and others, with various amounts
for pensions placed against their names, from 500l. for the
Regent to 30l. for Peter Young.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
1471. Similar list to the above, with two additional, with remarks
as to marriages.
Endd. P. 1.
1472. Persons recommended for Pensions.
List of those recommended by the Regent as fit to be
entertained with pensions, and others not commended by him
but thought fit to be entertained, with remarks on the
influence, disposition, &c. of each.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
1473. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Killegrew shall find himself friendly and familiarly dealt
with in such things as he has charge of. Wishes greater
forwardness in matters tending to the common repose of the
whole island. The good amity is no less convenient to be
entertained than before. Their people are heavily and unfriendly used; prays him be a mean that no further inconvenience arise.—Holyrood House, 24 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
1474. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
The Regent is gone to set miners to work upon Crawford
Moor to make profit of it. Learns that not long before the
siege Grange had become a mortal enemy to England, there
no harm he is gone. Concerning Adam Gordon's desire, can
say nothing but wish he were entertained with fair words.
The Regent can in nowise hear of Ferniehurst. The Lord of
St. John's has the Regent's letters in his favour to the Queen;
he goes to her realm to use the baths; he is not best affectionate to the Regent, but civil and wise. The Regent holds
under the reconciled factions, yet without offence. Prays
he may hear of the voyage of his brother William. A ship
brings news that the Duke of Alençon rules all and Montmorency together, and that Count Montgomery is at liberty
in Caen—too good news to be true; that 16 of King Philip's
ships are stolen out of Spain and come to the Prince of
Orange, and that 1,600 Spaniards lately "apparelled" in
Antwerp have lost their lives in Holland. If the Queen will
give ear to no league or pension, prays him solicit his revocation, for he will do no service here and undo himself.
Killsyth had letters from some love of his out of England,
wherein was a toy to wear about his neck to preserve love;
will deal for his 20l. as soon as he may think to do good.
Prays him remember the band of Berwick, that the Scots be
not found more ready or able to answer justice than they are.
Carmichael and Lord Maxwell will answer all those old
attempts mentioned in Lord Scrope's instructions. Touching
the matter unspoken of, will advertise in cipher after his
return from Stirling. Thinks they will not agree to the sure
way of remedy, and will be daunted to accept conditions
which cannot be performed without many councils on the
matter, which would mislike his delicate ears. Thinks it not
convenient to be done unless he saw an assured sequel to
follow. The Regent will take his journey northward about
the 10th of July, which he sees no cause that the Queen of
England's servant should countenance, seeing it is to get
money, and so discontent the subjects. To remain here till
his return were to little purpose. Prays that when his
Grace goes north he may come south, so shall the Queen be
advertised of a truth, and be relieved of a great burden. He
may see by the examinations what honest men and honest
dealings are worth, and what the contrary engenders.—
Edinburgh, 25 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
1475. H. Killegrew to Christopher Hatton.
Fears the Queen may lose the fruit of her liberality in
reducing the whole subjects and strengths of this realm to the
King's obedience. Was desired by the Privy Council to see
what they would do for acknowledging her great goodness,
whose answer was that they would enter into league with
her against her enemies, a thing much desired of their predecessors, who were wont to say, "Whoso would England win,
at Scotland he must first begin." The Council were of
mind it was convenient to bind them more straitly with a
yearly remembrance, so he sounded the worthiest, and found
a less yearly cost than 2,000l. would have served the turn.
Knows not by whose default it is not granted, they will in
time be driven back to old enemies. Whilst these things
have hung in suspense they have been confirmed in their
opinions and conceits that they were contented to see them
strike in civil war, until the danger appearing upon the
massacre of the Admiral, which being since quenched they are
content to leave them without league or sure friendship of any
prince. Doubt drives them to think where they can look
themselves best for their own surety. Some will continue
faithful to the Queen, but the rest will begin charity at themselves after the manner of the world. France wooes the
Regent and the King's faction, and makes more court to them
than to the other side. Where he left them as it were in a
consumption, finds them lusty and gallant, having forgotten
their late dangerous state. They are as men looking where
best they may do their business, and in the meantime answer
with as good compliments as have been used to them. If he
think no good will be done concerning the league and pensions,
prays him to help procure his revocation, that has earnest
business of his own at home.—Edinburgh, 24 June. Signed.
Copy. Pp. 4. Enclosure.
1476. Piracies by Englishmen.
1. Account of the piracies committed by a ship commanded
by Robert Isted, a gentleman of Hastings, who was apprehended at Montrose on the 15th June; also of those of a Mr.
Fielding. Statements by the persons robbed, and by such of
the crew as were apprehended, &c.
2. These men had brought some ships into Montrose,
alleging them to be Spanish vessels taken under licence from
the Prince of Orange. They were, however, taken from some
Dutchmen, who were found adrift in a boat upon the coast of
Norway by a vessel bound for Leith, but which put into
Montrose under stress of weather. There the owners recognized their ships, and such of the crew of the pirate as were
on shore were made prisoners, those on board set sail and
escaped leaving the prizes behind them.
Endd. Pp. 3. Enclosure.
1477. Dr. Dale to [Lord Burghley].
Concerning his resignation of the Archdeaconry of Surrey
and his appointment to the Deanery of Wells.—Paris, 27
1478. Dr Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Finds that the doubt they were in at Mr. Leighton's
departure was a mere device of the Queen Mother, as was
also that whereof he sent word by William Killegrew.
2. Has learned that the matter of Bonacorsi was a very
vain jealousy, whereof he has acquitted him thoroughly.—
Paris, 27 June 1574. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ½.
1479. Occurrents in France.
It is said that certain of the religion in Lorraine have
spoiled certain towns on the frontier belonging to the
Cardinal of Lorraine. It is secretly talked that the Queen
Mother earnestly solicits the King of Spain to turn his navy
against the Queen's dominions. The talk of the treaty between
the Queen of Scots and Don John of Austria begins secretly
to be renewed. Subjects of the King of Navarre are much
miscontented with his detaining. Certain captains have told
the Queen Mother that they dare not enter into any service if
Montgomery should be used otherwise than prisoner of war;
yet this day he has been put to the rack, and now he is executed. La Roche was executed the 23rd upon the accusation of
Mitty; his matter touched an enterprise intended at Compeigne or some other town in Picardy in favour of the Prince
of Condé. The Queen Mother has word that the King of
Poland is sick, and therefore makes the more fair weather with
Monsieur. She wept at the receipt of her letters from Poland,
and the next day went on foot to St. Genevieve, at which
place there is a superstitious pilgrimags for the healing of
fevers. They of the religion in Menerbeo in Dauphiny pretended of late they would yield their towns to the garrisons
of the Pope in Avignon, who coming to execute their enterprise, Montbrun being in ambush gave them a great overthrow. The report of the arriving of the reiters is taken for
certain. Captain Cassal is sent to draw men from Condé,
and one is sent to Danville with great promises. The Queen
Mother enters into misliking of Montpensier, and has willed
him to gather his forces together; and it is said that he has
as much misliking of her regency without his consent.
There is news that the navy of the King of Spain is in much
readiness. The Queen Mother has Monsieur about the town
for a show.
Pp. 12/3. Enclosure.
1480. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
His letter stood them in marvellous much stead, for even to
this hour the rumour of the Queen's death continues. Had
he not had his letter he could neither have answered it nor
satisfied himself.—Paris, 27 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1481. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Has been to Stirling to see the King, who was very glad
to hear from the Queen. He could use pretty speeches as to
how much he was bound to her, yea, more than to his own
mother. He has well grown in body and spirit since he was
here last. He could speak the French tongue marvellously
well, and was able extempore to read a chapter out of the
Bible into French and out of French into English. Appointed
the King what chapter he would, so that he could see it was
not studied for. He likewise danced with a very good grace.
Found by them that the lives of the King's schoolmasters and
others were no dearer to them than his prosperity. Can
learn of no practice to transport the King into France; there
is a sister of Lord Livingstone's about him much suspected
to be French; his schoolmasters are desirous to have him
from the handling of women. The Countess of Argyle is
brought to bed of a dead son and in great danger of her life.
Robert Melvil is so grateful for his life, and willing to do the
Queen service, that favour were well bestowed upon him.
Prays he may deal with the Regent for his full pardon, who
yet is prisoner in his own house, and may be executed tomorrow. The Queen will do well to write to the Regent in
favour of the Countess of Argyle and her husband, who is a
godly noble man. The rest of the pirates taken at Montrose
are brought to this town, and are shortly to be brought to
trial of law. The King of Poland is very sickly; he is so
straitly watched that he could not steal away, having not
above 30 Frenchmen in all with him; he made offer for the
3,000 Scots since slain in Sweden, but the Poles would none
of them.—Edinburgh, last of June 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1482. Pasquil of France.
Dialogue composed of quotations from the scriptures, supposed to be spoken by the King of France, the Queen Mother,
the Duke of Alençon, the Duke of Guise, the King of Navarre,
Paris, France, &c., &c.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 2¼.
1483. Examinations of Pirates.
Examination of the remainder of the pirates apprehended
at Montrose, and executed at Leith the 2nd July 1574.
Endd. Pp. 2¼.