Elizabeth: July 1574

Pages 527-536

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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July 1574

July 5. 1484. Spurious Coin in Scotland.
Examination before the Regent and others, on the 5th July, of Roger Freeman, merchant of Bristol, apprehended at Ayr with false Scottish hardheads in his possession. Particulars as to ownership of the vessel he came in, the master, crew, cargo, account of his possession of the coin, &c. Signed.
Endd. by Killegrew. P. 1.
July 6. 1485. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Would have been utterly to seek to answer touching the Queen's navy without his letters. Cannot learn what effect the news of the arrival of the King in Vienna works in men's minds, but hitherto all are amazed at these successes against all men's expectation. The shortness of the time will make men either bestir themselves or discourage them.—Paris, 6 July. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
July 7. 1486. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Wal singham.
Egremont Ratcliff has spoken with him and told him that he had left the King of Spain, and that both he and Lord Morley are at utter defiance with Stukeley. He says he has come here to make his suit to the Queen, and that he is sorry for his offence; also that the King of Spain seeks to entertain as many of the Queen's subjects as he may to make an attempt against her. He and Lords Morley and Westmoreland would never consent to any such matter, and therefore are not in credit; notwithstanding Westmoreland has 100 crowns a month assigned him by the King. Westmoreland would have consented had there been somewhat attempted ere this time. The King of Spain's navy in Biscay is appointed to Flanders, they in Galicia towards Ireland, and the rest either towards England or Scotland. They could not be ready before September. He says also that Cotton is appointed to be Stukeley's lieutenant for the voyage. He had to pass to Flanders to Westmoreland. Dissuaded him thereof, but he has since sent word that he had received a letter from Lord Morley that he must needs go. On the 4th the Queen Mother sent for him, and at his coming said that she had word that the Queen's navy was abroad, and thought to attempt something against this realm, which she thought strange, and therefore sent to understand the truth. Answered that he understood of no such matter, and supposed that the Queen's navy was not yet abroad, wherewith she was well comforted. She declared that the King arrived at Vienna the 25th of June, and that the Emperor went to meet him, and by this time he should be at Venice; indeed there arrived a courier the night before from the King. It is commonly reported he came away by stealth with nine horse, whereof three were Poles, and was followed but could not be overtaken. Has learned that immediately upon the death of the King the Queen Mother despatched a post to the Turk desiring him to assist the King if the Poles should stay him, and also to stay the renewing of the peace with the Emperor till it might appear whether he would give the King passage. The King prepares for two ways from Venice. There is order given for levying 2,000 Italians, either to conduct the King through Italy or to serve in Languedoc, where the Protestants at this time are very strong. Schomberg is gone to Germany with commission to spare no money to stay the reiters that are appointed for the Prince of Condé. The Swiss levied for the King of Spain march already to the Low Countries. It is said that the Protestants on the frontier of Champagne have given an overthrow to certain companies of the Duke of Guise; also that La Noüe marches strongly to the Loire, and has given an overthrow to certain horsemen on his way. Montgomery was racked to have gotten out of him whether the Queen or the Duke were privy to his enterprise, but he was very constant as well therein as in his religion, neither would he by any means be induced to yield to any superstition. He was very much pitied. Carentan is not rendered yet, as far as can be known. The Pope has sent him that was last resident here to condole. He has other secret matter to deal in; it is doubted lest it be touching their league. One Godolphin begins to be a meddler, and says he is one of them named to come in message to the Queen, and that Mauvisière is another. There is a post this way from Spain that the fleet of the King is ready, and tarries but for wind. There is a secret muttering here that the King is stayed at Vienna, partly at the suit of the Poles and partly of them of the empire, for the restitution of Metz and other towns imperial; certain it is he had no safe conduct of the Emperor.—Paris, 7 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3¼.
July 9. Richard Bingham to Walsingham.
1487. 1. Since his coming has heard of a lewd part done by a friend of his, wherefore he beseeches him to have no other opinion of him than he has had, and time will show his truth and honesty.—Cologne, 9 June 1574.
2. M. de Meru is in good hope that all things shall go forward according to his expectation. It was advertised that his brother the Marshal should be dead, notwithstanding which the peace in Languedoc was harder to be obtained than before. The Prince of Orange has lost the castle and town of Buren. It is said that Marshal D'Anville has won Narbonne. The Polacks have taken down the King's coat armour and broken the same, and tumbled it forth of the temple.—Cologne, 9 July. Signed.
Add. Endd.: 1575. Pp. 1½.
July 10. 1488. Catherine de Medicis to the Queen.
Thanks her for her sympathy with her loss, which makes her all the more desire the continuation of the friendship between them, and which she assures her the King her son will extend. Is sure that when she understands whence has arisen the ill-feeling she has entertained against some calling themselves her subjects, she will free herself from the suspicion she has entertained thereof. They have endeavoured to stir up her son Alençon to rebellion, saying she had promised him men and 50,000 crowns to assist him. He has communicated all to her, and assured her that it did not arise from her, but from some who desire to trouble, not that kingdom alone, but all Christendom. A secretary to her ambassador is coming to inform her of certain matters in the name of the Duke of Alençon and the King of Navarre by them never thought of, but devised by the said secretary. Has informed her of this that she may put no trust in his words or writing. —Paris, 10 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Holograph. Fr. Pp. 1¼.
1489. Copy of the above.
Fr. P. 1¾.
1490. Another copy.
Fr. Pp. 1¾.
July 10. 1491. Agnes, Lady Home, to the Queen.
Her comfortable favour in her letters to the Regent in her favour has produced so good effect that she remains her obliged for ever. The whole request contained in her letter was not fully obeyed, the whole stay remained in some importunate suitors against her and her husband. Through inadvertence and evil counsel they have followed the way that led to their own perdition, but they have offered to satisfy the Regent, and they crave to know what they may do for reparation of the offence of receiving some of her rebels, which at the time tended but to a requiting of the friendship received by her husband's father in his troubles. Has thought fit to let her minister know the sum of their offers, with a declaration of the state of their cause. Remains in despair to know what would satisfy the Regent, unless it proceed by order from her. Prays her lend a helping hand to the furtherance of their welfare, that they may requite a large part of the benefits received at her hands.—Edinburgh, 10 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
July 12. 1492. Examination of Peter Fisher.
The examination of Peter Fisher, Scottishman, one of the company of Captain Isted, taken at Edinburgh the 10th and 12th days of July 1574. Details of the acts of his life for the last eight years, and particulars of the various piracies in which he was engaged, &c.
Endd. by Killegrew: "This man was executed at Leith the 22nd July, and is to hang in chains to the example of others." Pp. 2.
[July 17.] 1493. [Francis Walsingham] to Dr. Dale.
The Queen has not sent a gentleman to condole with the Queen Mother, seeing she grows jealous of such messengers as have repaired of late. He is therefore to discharge those compliments, and to tell her that at the new King's coming she intends to lay all these unkindnesses aside, and to send a nobleman to condole with and congratulate him. He is to say that she marvels these things are jealously taken, seeing the long experience they have had of her honourable dealing, and the sundry occasions that have been offered to her for recovery of that which of right appertains to her, and for increase of dominion. Messengers were sent to no other end but to persuade them to pacify their troubles, and to set such at liberty as those whose imprisonment could not but be dishonourable to them. Of late the Council upon sundry grievous complaints made by the Queen's subjects of the great spoils they have sustained by sea, sent for the French Ambassador and showed him how no satisfaction could be obtained for these losses, and the Queen would be obliged to grant them some extraordinary remedy. To this he made long replication, to show that the injuries proceeded of the receiving of divers French vessels into English havens, where they were relieved with victual, and suffered to make sale of such prizes as they took, and all under pretence of religion, countenanced with certain letters of marque given by Cardinal Chatillon and Count Montgomery; and that it might breed some unkindness if any extraordinary way of relief were put into execution at the first coming of the new King to his crown. To this he was answered that the injuries done by Frenchmen here were not without remedy, as might appear by divers sentences of the Admiral's Court, and that the way to continue friendship was to have a mutual friendship on both sides. Sends a copy of a book of losses and injuries sustained, and restitution made to the French. He is not to deal in this matter otherwise than provoked by them. The Ambassador promises great things shall be done, notwithstanding the great experience the Council have had of French promises. One Bernadin Mendoza is sent from the King of Spain to use Spanish compliments to lull them to sleep, until they have compounded their troubles in Flanders, when all wise men think they will wake them.
Draft. Pp. 1⅓.
July [17]. 1494. The Queen to Catherine de Medicis.
Unfinished draft of a letter in reply to that of the Queen Mother's of the 10th, recapitulating the matter contained in that letter.
P. 1.
July 17. 1495. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Concerning Hamilton, the boy Stewart is contented to come into England. Has conjured him, threatened him, and done what he could, but can get no more than he wrote before. Would be glad so hear his opinion on his letter to Mr. Hatton, and whether he should continue that course. Touching Adam Gordon's desire to come into England, the Regent cannot yet resolve what advice to give. Earnestly requests the Queen's resolution whether he shall into the north with the Regent or no; if she resolve not, prays for his own opinion.—Edinburgh, 12 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
July 18. 1496. H. Killegrew to [Walsingham.]
Stewart the boy is stayed to find out some other matter against Gray that dwelt in London. Doubts if the Regent is contented to send him, so that if he have not already sufficient against Hamilton he need look for no more hence. The King of Sweden has written against Archibald Ruthven and the rest, alleging they had conspired his deposing and the setting up his brother now in prison. Higgins brought a prize to Caithness without any men in her; he is there apprehended, his ship also and 38 men. Can get no favour for the Earl of Argyle and his lady, the Queen would do well to write to the Regent or to him, for fears it will breed some trouble in the end. The Regent is of opinion the Earl will deliver the jewels, but his desire is to put in sureties to bring them forth and deliver them at the King's full years, which all men think reasonable, but the Regent will have his will according to the law, which he takes to be on his side. The Earl stays them as gages to relieve his land engaged for the King's service; he is one of the likeliest to be Regent if God calls this man, being well allied and beloved of the best sort here. The Earl of Huntley desires means to draw his brother into England, the Regent is of mind he should be rather encouraged to go into Italy or Germany. The King of Sweden's navy have taken many ships of Lubeck, which will breed a new quarrel between Denmark and Sweden. God send their ships well home for the Swedes be very strong. Fourteen noblemen in France are entered into bond secretly against the Regent, for that they allege he would send the King into England, there is some practice to kill him. The King of Poland is escaped out of a castle window in the night by a rope, and with a horse is come to Vienna, and the Emperor has furnished him with men and money; the Queen Mother has sent 1,500 men to meet him. Lord Oxford and Lord Seymour are fled out of England and past by Bruges to Brussels. Captains Robinson and Adamson's companies are defeated in Holland, and the Prince in great strait. The Regent has sent two boys to him that were taken with Isted, means to send them home. Fisher the Scottish pilot is condemned, but his execution deferred to find out some others that may pay for their assisting of pirates, with buying their wares, and victualling them. Hopes to hear whether he shall go with the Regent into the north, tarry, or return home. Fears the longer he tarry the less good he shall do. Hopes when they are willing to grant such things as the Regent demanded he and the noblemen will be ready to receive them. Old Lady Seton desires a safe conduct through England into France.—Edinburgh, 18 July 1574. Signed.
Pp. 4.
July 18. 1497. Complaint against Pirates.
Lamentable complaint to the Regent of William Burnesyde of Anstruther. On the 13th of July coming forth of Norway with his ship laden with timber, he was by contrary winds put out of his way upon the coast of England. A pirate English ship full of men of war, cruel and merciless thieves, took him by force and spoiled and reft all his goods, the timber alone excepted. They struck him and his company because they would not reveal if they had money in the ship, and threatened to have hanged them. They spoiled them of their clothes and victuals, intending thereby that they should have died. Prays him to provide remedy that the sovereign's poor lieges may travel in safety by sea; they are worse handled than in time of war, for then they would be taken prisoners and gently handled. Beseeches that restitution may be had of gear reft in manner aforesaid.
Endd. by Killegrew. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
[July.] 1498. Names of Pirates.
Names of 15 persons, the crew of Captain Robert Isted, captured at Montrose.
Below the names is written by Killegrew, "I hear even now that the above named are condemned and sent to Leith to be executed."
P. 2/3. Enclosure.
July 18. 1499. Walsingham to Henry Killegrew.
Has moved the Queen that he have order to recommend Mr. Melvil's case to the Regent, for the full pardoning of him. Will procure letters in favour of the Earl and Countess of Argyle, also commission to follow the matter to the end. Thinks it not convenient to move for his return till he finds how the Regent is affected touching the great matter he had commission to deal in. If he thinks fit he can accompany the Regent till he be revoked. They will in sending out ships for the apprehension of Hill the pirate do a matter grateful to the Queen, who has sent out ships for the apprehension of him and others of that profession. One Don Bernadino de Mendoza is come to entertain them with Spanish compliments till such time as their practices be grown to full ripeness.— Reading, 18 July 1574.
Draft. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
July 21. 1500. Killegrew to Walsingham.
The bearer, Mr. Davison, has deserved more at his hands than he is able to deserve. Sends the enclosed from the Regent to the Ambassador in France touching Adam Gordon. Has received the money from the Laird of Killsyth better than looked for. The bearer can sufficiently inform him of the state of things here. Has no great hope to send the boy Stewart.—Edinburgh, 21 July. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
July 23. 1501. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Sends Mr. Davison not for any great purpose but because he has earnest business at home. Thinks no good will be done here for anything he can learn, unless he be of other mind than he takes him to be. If he must need tarry, prays for some to supply Mr. Davison's room, for else he is undone.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
July 23. 1502. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
Pinart has come to him from the Queen Mother, and said that she had already given order to the Marshal de Retz and others for present restitution of wrongs done daily to the Queen's subjects, willing him to gather together such things as he saw reason to be redressed. Specially, he said, present payment should be make to Nutshawe. Answered him that if they would do anything indeed it was high time, and that he would deal further with him upon direction from the Queen. Having now received their letters of the 17th has repaired to the Queen Mother and did the Queen's message of condoling, saying that he was a prince that had lived longer in quietness with his neighbours than any prince of that realm had done, and also had granted divers edicts for liberty of religion. She said God had left her a son that would be as glad to continue amity with his neighbours as ever his brother was, for which purpose he had sent letters to the Queen for the continuance of the league. Made excuse that the Queen had not sent of purpose for this office. She took it in good part being done as it was. Monsieur was in the chamber for countenance sake. Of late there is some new suspicion fallen out, all passages over the water are stopped, and the guards that way kept more strait. A courier has brought word that he left the King three days journey beyond Venice. Thereupon order was taken that all guards and men of ordnance should repair to Troyes by the 28th of this month to meet him. It is judged he can make no such haste, but that it must be the end of August before he can be at Lyons. It is concluded that the Queen Mother will remain at Paris till the King's coming to Rheims, and not to go to Lyons, because it is thought she cannot keep her guards so straitly by the way as she does here. Montmorency's wife and mother have been permitted of late to have access to him in the Bastille. This somewhat nourishes the hope that the Queen Mother would have men to have to content themselves till the coming of the King. There is great practice used with the Prince of Conde to submit himself to the King, and to stay the reiters. It is said the Dukes of Florence, Ferrara, Savoy, and Mantua are gone to Venice to meet the King, and that the Pope has sent thither an express legate, whereby it is feared the King will be encouraged to be resolute against them of the religion.—Paris, 23 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
July 23. 1503. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
It was both countenance and contentment the Queen sent to the Queen Mother. Their condoling might be soon done for any sorrow the Queen Mother takes. She would hear no more of her former jealousies, but spake more of the particularities of those matters than he thought she could have done. She says they shall have all things for their merchants, believe it who will, yet it will do no harm to prove them. They can get no certainty of the reiters, but hope the best. It is much doubted what will be done at the assembly of these Princes of Italy touching matters of religion.—Paris, 23 July. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
July 25. 1504. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
1. At the closing of his former letters received a message from Rouen that a stay has been made at Dieppe and along that sea coast that no merchant nor ship should pass, and that there are certain men-of-war lying at the mouth of the Seine, which have brought back one of the ships laden with goods of certain of the Queen's subjects, and laid her up at Honfleur. Whereupon he sent for audience with the Queen Mother and was very earnest with her, putting her in remembrance of the inconvenience that happened of late years by the restraint made in Flanders, and assuring her that the Queen could not but be offended with such doings. She answered that she had already sent letters for the release thereof. Was not satisfied therewithal, and said he doubted what might become of it, upon the earnest complaint of the Queen's subjects, and required her for better satisfaction to declare her meaning under the broad seal, which she accorded presently to do. The dispatch was not made out till this morning, and was sent to M. Milleray by one of his men. Is advertised that there is full determination taken thoroughly to root out them of the religion, which accords with the words of the Marshal de Retz that the King would have but one religion in his realm. Matignon has taken upon himself to get Rochelle within a short time, and there is preparation made already for carriage of munition towards that enterprise. One came into the chamber of the Princess of Navarre yesterday morning while she was in bed, and drew his sword to have slain her, if there had not been succour at hand. It is made as though he were but a mad man. The Ambassador of Spain says he has written to his master at his (Dale's) motion to cast off Stukeley for the evil offices he does between the King of Spain and the Queen. When the Queen Mother heard that there was a Spaniard come in embassy to the Queen, she entered into a marvellous suspicion lest the Queen should enter into amity with Spain.—Paris, 25 July 1574. Signed.
2. P.S.—There is some talk that the King goes to meet the Pope at Notre Dame del Dieto under colour of pilgrimage.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
July 30. 1505. Walsingham to H. Killegrew.
Before his return the Queen would have him deal with the Regent touching the matter he wrote of to the two lords, letting him know she was acquainted with that which passed between them. Touching the sending of the Queen of Scots into Scotland, so great is the trust she has in him, though some persuade her it were not fit to repose so great confidence in any man, if he will take upon him her safe keeping she will be content to send her, and not demand hostages till such time as she be delivered, a matter no less dangerous for him to accept, if he mean honourably, than for them to offer if they have regard to their surety. Could have wished this overture had been forborne.— Woodstock, 30 July 1574. Signed.
Partly in cipher. Endd. P. ¾.
July. 1506. Progress of the Earl of Argyle.
Account of the progress of the Earl of Argyle in visiting the countries and lordships of Lorne. He executed about eight score persons for murder, theft, or common sornery. Though hemp and tow were scant there were no lack of "thrawin widies." Men and women suspected of sorcery were apprehended and retained in prison, or let go upon security and caution. Ministers and readers were established at each parish church. In the same progress he settled many controversies.
Endd.: Brought not of Scotland by Mr. Killegrew. P. 2/3.