1484. Spurious Coin in Scotland.
Examination before the Regent and others, on the 5th
July, of Roger Freeman, merchant of Bristol, apprehended at
Ayr with false Scottish hardheads in his possession. Particulars as to ownership of the vessel he came in, the master,
crew, cargo, account of his possession of the coin, &c. Signed.
Endd. by Killegrew. P. 1.
1485. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Would have been utterly to seek to answer touching the
Queen's navy without his letters. Cannot learn what effect
the news of the arrival of the King in Vienna works in men's
minds, but hitherto all are amazed at these successes against
all men's expectation. The shortness of the time will make
men either bestir themselves or discourage them.—Paris, 6
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1486. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Wal
Egremont Ratcliff has spoken with him and told him that
he had left the King of Spain, and that both he and Lord
Morley are at utter defiance with Stukeley. He says he has
come here to make his suit to the Queen, and that he is sorry
for his offence; also that the King of Spain seeks to entertain
as many of the Queen's subjects as he may to make an
attempt against her. He and Lords Morley and Westmoreland would never consent to any such matter, and therefore
are not in credit; notwithstanding Westmoreland has 100
crowns a month assigned him by the King. Westmoreland
would have consented had there been somewhat attempted
ere this time. The King of Spain's navy in Biscay is
appointed to Flanders, they in Galicia towards Ireland, and
the rest either towards England or Scotland. They could
not be ready before September. He says also that Cotton is
appointed to be Stukeley's lieutenant for the voyage. He
had to pass to Flanders to Westmoreland. Dissuaded him
thereof, but he has since sent word that he had received a
letter from Lord Morley that he must needs go. On the 4th
the Queen Mother sent for him, and at his coming said that
she had word that the Queen's navy was abroad, and thought
to attempt something against this realm, which she thought
strange, and therefore sent to understand the truth. Answered that he understood of no such matter, and supposed
that the Queen's navy was not yet abroad, wherewith she
was well comforted. She declared that the King arrived at
Vienna the 25th of June, and that the Emperor went to
meet him, and by this time he should be at Venice; indeed
there arrived a courier the night before from the King.
It is commonly reported he came away by stealth with
nine horse, whereof three were Poles, and was followed but
could not be overtaken. Has learned that immediately
upon the death of the King the Queen Mother despatched
a post to the Turk desiring him to assist the King if the
Poles should stay him, and also to stay the renewing of
the peace with the Emperor till it might appear whether
he would give the King passage. The King prepares for
two ways from Venice. There is order given for levying
2,000 Italians, either to conduct the King through Italy or
to serve in Languedoc, where the Protestants at this time are
very strong. Schomberg is gone to Germany with commission to spare no money to stay the reiters that are appointed
for the Prince of Condé. The Swiss levied for the King of
Spain march already to the Low Countries. It is said that
the Protestants on the frontier of Champagne have given an
overthrow to certain companies of the Duke of Guise; also
that La Noüe marches strongly to the Loire, and has given
an overthrow to certain horsemen on his way. Montgomery
was racked to have gotten out of him whether the Queen or
the Duke were privy to his enterprise, but he was very constant
as well therein as in his religion, neither would he by any
means be induced to yield to any superstition. He was very
much pitied. Carentan is not rendered yet, as far as can be
known. The Pope has sent him that was last resident here
to condole. He has other secret matter to deal in; it is
doubted lest it be touching their league. One Godolphin
begins to be a meddler, and says he is one of them named
to come in message to the Queen, and that Mauvisière is
another. There is a post this way from Spain that the fleet
of the King is ready, and tarries but for wind. There is a
secret muttering here that the King is stayed at Vienna,
partly at the suit of the Poles and partly of them of the
empire, for the restitution of Metz and other towns imperial;
certain it is he had no safe conduct of the Emperor.—Paris,
7 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3¼.
Richard Bingham to Walsingham.
1487. 1. Since his coming has heard of a lewd part done by a
friend of his, wherefore he beseeches him to have no other
opinion of him than he has had, and time will show his truth
and honesty.—Cologne, 9 June 1574.
2. M. de Meru is in good hope that all things shall go forward
according to his expectation. It was advertised that his
brother the Marshal should be dead, notwithstanding which
the peace in Languedoc was harder to be obtained than before.
The Prince of Orange has lost the castle and town of Buren.
It is said that Marshal D'Anville has won Narbonne. The
Polacks have taken down the King's coat armour and broken
the same, and tumbled it forth of the temple.—Cologne,
9 July. Signed.
Add. Endd.: 1575. Pp. 1½.
1488. Catherine de Medicis to the Queen.
Thanks her for her sympathy with her loss, which makes
her all the more desire the continuation of the friendship
between them, and which she assures her the King her son
will extend. Is sure that when she understands whence has
arisen the ill-feeling she has entertained against some calling
themselves her subjects, she will free herself from the suspicion
she has entertained thereof. They have endeavoured to stir
up her son Alençon to rebellion, saying she had promised him
men and 50,000 crowns to assist him. He has communicated
all to her, and assured her that it did not arise from her,
but from some who desire to trouble, not that kingdom alone,
but all Christendom. A secretary to her ambassador is
coming to inform her of certain matters in the name of the
Duke of Alençon and the King of Navarre by them never
thought of, but devised by the said secretary. Has informed
her of this that she may put no trust in his words or writing.
—Paris, 10 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Holograph. Fr. Pp. 1¼.
1489. Copy of the above.
Fr. P. 1¾.
1490. Another copy.
Fr. Pp. 1¾.
1491. Agnes, Lady Home, to the Queen.
Her comfortable favour in her letters to the Regent in her
favour has produced so good effect that she remains her
obliged for ever. The whole request contained in her letter
was not fully obeyed, the whole stay remained in some importunate suitors against her and her husband. Through
inadvertence and evil counsel they have followed the way
that led to their own perdition, but they have offered to
satisfy the Regent, and they crave to know what they may
do for reparation of the offence of receiving some of her rebels,
which at the time tended but to a requiting of the friendship
received by her husband's father in his troubles. Has thought
fit to let her minister know the sum of their offers, with a
declaration of the state of their cause. Remains in despair
to know what would satisfy the Regent, unless it proceed
by order from her. Prays her lend a helping hand to the
furtherance of their welfare, that they may requite a large
part of the benefits received at her hands.—Edinburgh,
10 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
1492. Examination of Peter Fisher.
The examination of Peter Fisher, Scottishman, one of the
company of Captain Isted, taken at Edinburgh the 10th and
12th days of July 1574. Details of the acts of his life for the
last eight years, and particulars of the various piracies in
which he was engaged, &c.
Endd. by Killegrew: "This man was executed at Leith the
22nd July, and is to hang in chains to the example of others."
1493. [Francis Walsingham] to Dr. Dale.
The Queen has not sent a gentleman to condole with the
Queen Mother, seeing she grows jealous of such messengers as
have repaired of late. He is therefore to discharge those
compliments, and to tell her that at the new King's coming
she intends to lay all these unkindnesses aside, and to send a
nobleman to condole with and congratulate him. He is to
say that she marvels these things are jealously taken, seeing
the long experience they have had of her honourable dealing,
and the sundry occasions that have been offered to her for
recovery of that which of right appertains to her, and for
increase of dominion. Messengers were sent to no other end
but to persuade them to pacify their troubles, and to set such
at liberty as those whose imprisonment could not but be dishonourable to them. Of late the Council upon sundry
grievous complaints made by the Queen's subjects of the
great spoils they have sustained by sea, sent for the French
Ambassador and showed him how no satisfaction could be
obtained for these losses, and the Queen would be obliged to
grant them some extraordinary remedy. To this he made
long replication, to show that the injuries proceeded of the
receiving of divers French vessels into English havens, where
they were relieved with victual, and suffered to make sale of
such prizes as they took, and all under pretence of religion,
countenanced with certain letters of marque given by
Cardinal Chatillon and Count Montgomery; and that it
might breed some unkindness if any extraordinary way of
relief were put into execution at the first coming of the new
King to his crown. To this he was answered that the
injuries done by Frenchmen here were not without remedy,
as might appear by divers sentences of the Admiral's Court,
and that the way to continue friendship was to have a
mutual friendship on both sides. Sends a copy of a book of
losses and injuries sustained, and restitution made to the
French. He is not to deal in this matter otherwise than
provoked by them. The Ambassador promises great things
shall be done, notwithstanding the great experience the
Council have had of French promises. One Bernadin
Mendoza is sent from the King of Spain to use Spanish
compliments to lull them to sleep, until they have compounded their troubles in Flanders, when all wise men think
they will wake them.
Draft. Pp. 1⅓.
1494. The Queen to Catherine de Medicis.
Unfinished draft of a letter in reply to that of the Queen
Mother's of the 10th, recapitulating the matter contained in
1495. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Concerning Hamilton, the boy Stewart is contented to
come into England. Has conjured him, threatened him, and
done what he could, but can get no more than he wrote
before. Would be glad so hear his opinion on his letter to
Mr. Hatton, and whether he should continue that course.
Touching Adam Gordon's desire to come into England, the
Regent cannot yet resolve what advice to give. Earnestly
requests the Queen's resolution whether he shall into the
north with the Regent or no; if she resolve not, prays for his
own opinion.—Edinburgh, 12 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
1496. H. Killegrew to [Walsingham.]
Stewart the boy is stayed to find out some other matter
against Gray that dwelt in London. Doubts if the Regent is
contented to send him, so that if he have not already sufficient against Hamilton he need look for no more hence. The
King of Sweden has written against Archibald Ruthven and
the rest, alleging they had conspired his deposing and the
setting up his brother now in prison. Higgins brought a
prize to Caithness without any men in her; he is there apprehended, his ship also and 38 men. Can get no favour for
the Earl of Argyle and his lady, the Queen would do well to
write to the Regent or to him, for fears it will breed some trouble
in the end. The Regent is of opinion the Earl will deliver
the jewels, but his desire is to put in sureties to bring them
forth and deliver them at the King's full years, which all men
think reasonable, but the Regent will have his will according
to the law, which he takes to be on his side. The Earl stays
them as gages to relieve his land engaged for the King's
service; he is one of the likeliest to be Regent if God calls
this man, being well allied and beloved of the best sort here.
The Earl of Huntley desires means to draw his brother into
England, the Regent is of mind he should be rather encouraged
to go into Italy or Germany. The King of Sweden's navy
have taken many ships of Lubeck, which will breed a new
quarrel between Denmark and Sweden. God send their ships
well home for the Swedes be very strong. Fourteen noblemen
in France are entered into bond secretly against the Regent, for
that they allege he would send the King into England, there
is some practice to kill him. The King of Poland is escaped
out of a castle window in the night by a rope, and with a horse
is come to Vienna, and the Emperor has furnished him with
men and money; the Queen Mother has sent 1,500 men to
meet him. Lord Oxford and Lord Seymour are fled out of England and past by Bruges to Brussels. Captains Robinson and
Adamson's companies are defeated in Holland, and the Prince
in great strait. The Regent has sent two boys to him that
were taken with Isted, means to send them home. Fisher
the Scottish pilot is condemned, but his execution deferred to
find out some others that may pay for their assisting of
pirates, with buying their wares, and victualling them.
Hopes to hear whether he shall go with the Regent into the
north, tarry, or return home. Fears the longer he tarry the
less good he shall do. Hopes when they are willing to grant
such things as the Regent demanded he and the noblemen
will be ready to receive them. Old Lady Seton desires a
safe conduct through England into France.—Edinburgh,
18 July 1574. Signed.
1497. Complaint against Pirates.
Lamentable complaint to the Regent of William Burnesyde
of Anstruther. On the 13th of July coming forth of Norway
with his ship laden with timber, he was by contrary winds
put out of his way upon the coast of England. A pirate
English ship full of men of war, cruel and merciless thieves,
took him by force and spoiled and reft all his goods, the
timber alone excepted. They struck him and his company
because they would not reveal if they had money in the ship,
and threatened to have hanged them. They spoiled them of
their clothes and victuals, intending thereby that they should
have died. Prays him to provide remedy that the sovereign's
poor lieges may travel in safety by sea; they are worse
handled than in time of war, for then they would be taken
prisoners and gently handled. Beseeches that restitution
may be had of gear reft in manner aforesaid.
Endd. by Killegrew. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
1498. Names of Pirates.
Names of 15 persons, the crew of Captain Robert Isted,
captured at Montrose.
Below the names is written by Killegrew, "I hear even
now that the above named are condemned and sent to Leith
to be executed."
P. 2/3. Enclosure.
1499. Walsingham to Henry Killegrew.
Has moved the Queen that he have order to recommend
Mr. Melvil's case to the Regent, for the full pardoning of him.
Will procure letters in favour of the Earl and Countess of
Argyle, also commission to follow the matter to the end.
Thinks it not convenient to move for his return till he finds
how the Regent is affected touching the great matter he had
commission to deal in. If he thinks fit he can accompany the
Regent till he be revoked. They will in sending out ships
for the apprehension of Hill the pirate do a matter grateful to
the Queen, who has sent out ships for the apprehension of
him and others of that profession. One Don Bernadino de
Mendoza is come to entertain them with Spanish compliments
till such time as their practices be grown to full ripeness.—
Reading, 18 July 1574.
Draft. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
1500. Killegrew to Walsingham.
The bearer, Mr. Davison, has deserved more at his hands
than he is able to deserve. Sends the enclosed from the
Regent to the Ambassador in France touching Adam Gordon.
Has received the money from the Laird of Killsyth better
than looked for. The bearer can sufficiently inform him of
the state of things here. Has no great hope to send the
boy Stewart.—Edinburgh, 21 July. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1501. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Sends Mr. Davison not for any great purpose but because
he has earnest business at home. Thinks no good will be done
here for anything he can learn, unless he be of other mind
than he takes him to be. If he must need tarry, prays for
some to supply Mr. Davison's room, for else he is undone.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
1502. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
Pinart has come to him from the Queen Mother, and said
that she had already given order to the Marshal de Retz and
others for present restitution of wrongs done daily to the
Queen's subjects, willing him to gather together such things
as he saw reason to be redressed. Specially, he said, present
payment should be make to Nutshawe. Answered him that
if they would do anything indeed it was high time, and that
he would deal further with him upon direction from the
Queen. Having now received their letters of the 17th has
repaired to the Queen Mother and did the Queen's message
of condoling, saying that he was a prince that had lived
longer in quietness with his neighbours than any prince of
that realm had done, and also had granted divers edicts for
liberty of religion. She said God had left her a son that
would be as glad to continue amity with his neighbours as
ever his brother was, for which purpose he had sent letters to
the Queen for the continuance of the league. Made excuse
that the Queen had not sent of purpose for this office. She
took it in good part being done as it was. Monsieur was in
the chamber for countenance sake. Of late there is some new
suspicion fallen out, all passages over the water are stopped,
and the guards that way kept more strait. A courier has
brought word that he left the King three days journey beyond
Venice. Thereupon order was taken that all guards and men
of ordnance should repair to Troyes by the 28th of this month
to meet him. It is judged he can make no such haste, but
that it must be the end of August before he can be at Lyons.
It is concluded that the Queen Mother will remain at Paris
till the King's coming to Rheims, and not to go to Lyons,
because it is thought she cannot keep her guards so straitly
by the way as she does here. Montmorency's wife and mother
have been permitted of late to have access to him in the
Bastille. This somewhat nourishes the hope that the Queen
Mother would have men to have to content themselves till
the coming of the King. There is great practice used with
the Prince of Conde to submit himself to the King, and to
stay the reiters. It is said the Dukes of Florence, Ferrara,
Savoy, and Mantua are gone to Venice to meet the King, and
that the Pope has sent thither an express legate, whereby it is
feared the King will be encouraged to be resolute against
them of the religion.—Paris, 23 July 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
1503. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
It was both countenance and contentment the Queen sent
to the Queen Mother. Their condoling might be soon done
for any sorrow the Queen Mother takes. She would hear
no more of her former jealousies, but spake more of the
particularities of those matters than he thought she could
have done. She says they shall have all things for their
merchants, believe it who will, yet it will do no harm to prove
them. They can get no certainty of the reiters, but hope the
best. It is much doubted what will be done at the assembly
of these Princes of Italy touching matters of religion.—Paris,
23 July. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
1504. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
1. At the closing of his former letters received a message from
Rouen that a stay has been made at Dieppe and along that
sea coast that no merchant nor ship should pass, and that
there are certain men-of-war lying at the mouth of the Seine,
which have brought back one of the ships laden with goods
of certain of the Queen's subjects, and laid her up at Honfleur.
Whereupon he sent for audience with the Queen Mother and
was very earnest with her, putting her in remembrance of the
inconvenience that happened of late years by the restraint
made in Flanders, and assuring her that the Queen could not
but be offended with such doings. She answered that she
had already sent letters for the release thereof. Was not
satisfied therewithal, and said he doubted what might become
of it, upon the earnest complaint of the Queen's subjects, and
required her for better satisfaction to declare her meaning
under the broad seal, which she accorded presently to do.
The dispatch was not made out till this morning, and was
sent to M. Milleray by one of his men. Is advertised that
there is full determination taken thoroughly to root out them
of the religion, which accords with the words of the Marshal
de Retz that the King would have but one religion in his
realm. Matignon has taken upon himself to get Rochelle
within a short time, and there is preparation made already
for carriage of munition towards that enterprise. One came
into the chamber of the Princess of Navarre yesterday
morning while she was in bed, and drew his sword to have
slain her, if there had not been succour at hand. It is made
as though he were but a mad man. The Ambassador of
Spain says he has written to his master at his (Dale's) motion
to cast off Stukeley for the evil offices he does between the
King of Spain and the Queen. When the Queen Mother
heard that there was a Spaniard come in embassy to the
Queen, she entered into a marvellous suspicion lest the Queen
should enter into amity with Spain.—Paris, 25 July 1574.
2. P.S.—There is some talk that the King goes to meet the
Pope at Notre Dame del Dieto under colour of pilgrimage.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
1505. Walsingham to H. Killegrew.
Before his return the Queen would have him deal with the
Regent touching the matter he wrote of to the two lords,
letting him know she was acquainted with that which passed
between them. Touching the sending of the Queen of Scots
into Scotland, so great is the trust she has in him, though
some persuade her it were not fit to repose so great confidence
in any man, if he will take upon him her safe keeping she
will be content to send her, and not demand hostages till such
time as she be delivered, a matter no less dangerous for him
to accept, if he mean honourably, than for them to offer if
they have regard to their surety. Could have wished this
overture had been forborne.— Woodstock, 30 July 1574.
Partly in cipher. Endd. P. ¾.
1506. Progress of the Earl of Argyle.
Account of the progress of the Earl of Argyle in visiting
the countries and lordships of Lorne. He executed about
eight score persons for murder, theft, or common sornery.
Though hemp and tow were scant there were no lack of
"thrawin widies." Men and women suspected of sorcery were
apprehended and retained in prison, or let go upon security
and caution. Ministers and readers were established at each
parish church. In the same progress he settled many controversies.
Endd.: Brought not of Scotland by Mr. Killegrew. P. 2/3.