1507. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Beseeches his revocation, whereof he never stood in greater
need. The Regent is gone this day to Aberdeen, having left
the rule with the Earl of Angus and others. He has committed 12 principal men of the Borders to gentlemen's
keeping, hoping thereby to have the Borders in better tune.
The complaints increase daily against the pirates. Captain
Read of Berwick and Mr. Witherington's son are worthy
blame for publicly favouring them. Berwick is now left very
bare without a head, and great divisions among the captains
and soldiers. Has sent to Mr. Walsingham a letter in cipher
from Mr. Hamilton to the Scottish Queen. Such of the
Scottish guard as are in this country repair into France as
fast as they may. The Master of Salton, in the north, has
slain one of the Innes, a kinsman of the Regent, whom he
thinks will pass over the matter. The Archbishop of St.
Andrew's is dead, and something will be done in the General
Assembly against the man nominated by the Regent. The
pique between the Regent and the church is like to breed a
scab in the end. There is of late come to the Regent a letter
of Grange's to the Scottish Queen, written not two days
before his death, making mention of his devotion and service
to her, and declaring where all he jewels were, and how
many Sir William Drury had in gage for 600l. Perceives
that Lord Home and others taken in the Castle shall not die.
For the ordnance of Home Castle, told the Regent he had
not yet any answer.—Edinburgh, 3 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
1508. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Is going this northern voyage with the Regent. The French
faction increases. Claude Hamilton, the Duke's son, was
married to-day to Lord Seton's daughter. Touching old Lady
Seton, for whom he wrote to have safe conduct, understands
since by the Regent that she will speak with the Scottish
Queen under pretence to see her daughter, Mary Seton.
Thinks it a good course to win favour of all men indifferently
for his sovereign; for that purpose beseeches him remember
the Earl of Argyle's suit. Robinson, lately come out of France
to speak with the Scottish Queen, is a man very dangerous,
and to be taken heed of. Lord Home has the liberty of the
castle where he is prisoner. Now these people begin to wax
hollow it were not amiss to have some better regard to
Berwick. Pirates are so openly maintained by some belonging to that town that it makes evil blood among them here.
The Regent expects the rendition of the ordnance for Home
Castle. Captain Cockburn has lost 300 francs by pirates,
taken from a very honest ship within sight of the ships set
forth by Mr. Woodhouse, vice-admiral of Norfolk.—Edinburgh, 3 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
1509. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
They have in France already 6,000 reiters, 6,000 Swiss of
a new levy, besides the Swiss that were here before. The
foctmen that were in Normandy, and other to the number
of 10,000, are delivered to Puygalliard, their cannons and
munition sent away; all the horsemen in France appointed
to wait upon the King; 4,000 Italians in readiness in Savoy
and Italy; 500,000 crowns lent by the Pope, the Venetians,
and the Dukes of Savoy and Florence. The King has been
highly received in Venice and much honoured in Italy. The
29th July he arrived at Ferrara, and comes by Mirandola
and Mantua to Turin. It was thought he had had some
mishap, because there was no news of him from the 17th of
July to the 6th August. No man could hold the Queen
Mother but that she would to Lyons in all haste with the
Princes, who now ride in train with her. She has removed
all their men of trust, and committed their guard to the
Marshal de Retz. They are appointed to come at leisure to
Lyons. Thanks her little therefore, and will be thitherward
to-morrow, to be as near hand as he can. La Noüe fortifies
himself in Lusignan and has taken a strong place near Niort.
Danville is thought to be in a strong place at Languedoc.
The Queen has left the government of Paris in the hands of
the Court of Parliament and merchants.—Paris, 5 August.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
1510. Conference with Dr. Wyer.
Doctor Wyer said he was sent by the Count Palatine to
treat with the King and Queen Mother for some pacification
for them of the religion. The Count had sent to the Queen
of England, the Swiss, and Princes of Germany to enter into
a league if the King went forward with extremities. Duke
Casimir had in readiness 6,000 reiters at the death of the
King. Now considering the great preparation made for the
King that now is, both of reiters, Swiss, and Italians, the
Count thought to attempt what might be done by treaty,
because he was not able to go through with the matter alone.
He has proposed to the Queen Mother that there might be a
truce during the time of talk, that the marshals might be at
liberty, that the Queen of England, the Princes of the religion
in Germany, and the Swiss might be parties to the conclusion
and defenders of the pacification. That no man should be
inquired of for his religion. That they of haute justice
should have marriage and baptism in their houses, not being
above the number of 10; that Rochelle, Nismes, and Montauban should have generally free exercise of religion. The
Queen Mother says that she will not meddle with any matter
of state till the coming of the King, so that the Count's
ambassador is constrained to go towards the King for his
answer. He has written to his master of the preparation
that is made for war, and that there is little or no hope of
any pacification, to the end his master may prepare for the
Pp. 1¼. Enclosure.
1511. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Sees how well the fair promises of quietness and these
great preparations of war do agree. Like with what mind
the King went to Rochelle, when he (Walsingham) was here,
he comes towards Languedoc and Dauphiny. The Marshal's
case is thought to be as evil as ever it was, notwithstanding
that his wife has spoken with him divers times in the company of the King's Procureur. Dr. Wyer's dealing for him
finds as little comfort as Mr. Leighton's on his. Danville
stands at his defence only, and does not much enterprise. The
young Princes are led like wards, sometimes with fair words,
sometimes with strait dealing. The Queen takes her journey
by Treves and Burgundy as far as she can from Poitou for
fear of surprise. Her chickens go in coach under her wing,
and so she minds to bring them to the King. They are like
to tarry long from this town, because Dauphiny and Languedoc will require long time to be pacified. Has appointed
George Hopton to remain here to convey letters to and fro.
Captain Sasetto (in cipher) also tarries here, which will do
good service. Takes Jacomo with him as he cannot spare
him. Paris, 9 August. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
1512. The Queen to Catherine de Medicis.
Is astonished at the strange news in her last letters, that
her ministers should serve as instruments to perform ill offices
in France. Cannot tell easily what secretary it is of the which
she makes mention, but sends this bearer, who was the last
messenger despatched by the ambassador a few days after the
receipt of her letters, and has charged him to clear himself,
or never to see her face again. Cannot think that want of
affection towards her should be imputed to anyone who
would risk his life for her son's. It is a new and unheard-of circumstance for a mother to demand, "Wherefore would you the safety of my son?" Perhaps she suspects
that the injury is written in marble, but why should one
suffer for the people? If she could assure herself that his
elevation could remove from the King all natural ties, she
would remind him of them, and by such means aid her son,
but other means are not her fashion. If any of her subjects
have engaged therein, it is but right that they should be made
to smart well, both for having given her cause to be suspected,
and to teach them a lesson not to meddle in the affairs of
princes. In telling her of the circumstance the Princes have
committed treason to themselves sooner than offend her, but
if some companion has advised them by so easy means to
acquire her favour, she does not approve of the councillor,
and still less the following his advice. Understands by her
letters to her Ambassador that someone of her (Elizabeth's)
Council has dared to say that she would not observe friendship with this King, because of the dishonourable way he had
used her. Has not made rash choice of her councillors, and
is too well persuaded that they can keep secrets committed to
them, to think they can imagine something that has never
been said. They say that a woman can keep a secret that is
not one at all, much more wise men will not speak of a subject that does not pertain to them. She does them great
wrong to injure them in her opinion, and hopes she will make
amends by saying whence such a fable arose. There is no
living creature who has heard her say so much of him as
lately she declared to his ambassador. It was those who
influenced him in their first negotiation that made him swear
so contrary to the letters and messages he had formerly
sent, and she pardons him for the good she desires of him.
Wishes that such persons should live in another place, or at
least that their hate should lack force to accomplish their
designs. If she see a desire on the part of the King to have
her amongst his nearest allies, she will forget the memory of
past grievances, and will show that the Queen of England will
not revenge on the King of France the wrongs that Monsieur
has inflicted. She will be the author of nothing that she
cannot defend. Gloucester, 10 August 1574. Signed.
Copy. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
1513. Francis Walsingham to Dr. Dale.
The Queen has written to the Queen Mother an answer
to the complaints she makes of certain that have done ill
offices in France, as in practising with the Duke of Alençon,
and others for the disturbance of that realm. She names
none, but only this bearer, his (Dale's) secretary. The Queen's
pleasure is, that at the time of the delivery thereof this bearer
should accompany him to the Court, that he may present him
to her as ready to justify himself against any that should
charge him. If she should refuse to do this, he is to tell her
that the Queen finds herself aggrieved, and he himself not
well used, when he and his ministers, who seek nothing but
the conservation of the amity, should be charged as violators
thereof. She refers what speech is most fit to be used to his
own discretion. After certain knowledge received from him,
about what time he thinks the new King shall approach
towards Paris, the Queen means to send over Lord North to
use offices of congratulation.—Churcham, 11 August 1574.
Copy. P. 1.
1514. Jewels of the King of Scotland.
It has pleased the Regent to grant that the Earl of Argyle
and his lady shall keep certain jewels until certain demands
be answered to the heirs of the late Earl of Murray for money
disbursed by him in the King's service. He is contented they
shall retain them in their custody after they be valued and
esteemed, giving caution to be answerable for them to the
King's use. If this content them, he will relax them from
the horn, that they may come to him for ending of the
Endd. P. 2/3.
1515. The Regent of Scotland to the Queen.
In respect of the diligence and sufficiency of her present
ambassador has forborne to write the state of matters here.
Seems to be needful that some shall take heed of the Wardens
to spur them to their duties in administration of justice.
None appear more apt than Mr. Killegrew or Lord President
Huntingdon. The difficulty is great for him long to continue
this state and Borders in quietness, the people through
frequent alterations being desirous of novelty. To augment
his force, besides the reparation of his sovereign's decayed
house, is a matter more chargeable than he can bear, except he
have her support and aid. Has conferred more specially with
her ambassador, and has no doubt he will faithfully report his
meaning. The King daily increases in virtuous and princely
learning. According to her recommendation is content the
Earl of Argyle shall retain the King's jewels in his custody.
Without some present punishment of the pirates cannot
prevent their people from seeking their private remedy and
revenge.—Aberdeen, 16 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
1516. The Regent of Scotland to the Earl of Leicester.
Has forborne to write since the coming of the present messenger, trusting to his sufficiency; his longer tarry would
have been very acceptable. He is of great purpose in admo
nishing the officers of the Queen on the Borders. Has sincerely
dealt with him in the charge he had to communicate. He
will receive from him a cast of falcons, the best that have
come to his hand this year. — Aberdeen, 16 August 1574.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
1517. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Is heartily sorry the Queen's pleasure is to revoke his
brother-in-law. His presence has increased the quietness and
amity, the Queen's officers on the frontiers being ofttimes
moved by his admonitions to do their duty with greater
care and diligence. No stranger has had greater goodwill or
departed with greater liking or contentment. In such things
as he has dealt with him he has answered plainly and
directly, so meaning always to proceed. — Aberdeen, 16
August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1518. Memorial from the Regent of Scotland to Killegrew.
Earnest letters to be directed to the Wardens to hold hand
to justice. Commandment to Lord Huntingdon to take care
and oversee the proceedings of the Wardens and press them to
their duty. How weary he is of his charge, and how unable
he is to bear it without the Queen's aid and support. Has
yielded to the Queen's request as concerning the jewels to
remain in the Earl of Argyle's hands. Cruelty and inhumanity used to their people by the English pirates. Restitution of ordnance belonging to the King in Home Castle,
and to procure a definite answer. Trial of the matter of the
false money apprehended in Ayr, that the offenders receive
punishment. Lawrence dwelling in Berwick that counterfeited
the King's coin, that he may be searched for and receive the
reward of his deserving. To be mindful what can be gathered
from Mr. John Hamilton's letters or otherwise concerning this
state. What further light is had of the examination of
Mr. Alexander Hamilton.
1519. Notes to Killegrew to crave the Queen's pleasure
Restitution of the ordnance in Home Castle. What is
fallen out upon the examination of Alexander Hamilton.
What is discovered upon Thomas Leslie's examination.
What is to be looked for touching the matter of the greatest
moment. Grant of a placard for a hundred geldings. That he
may be certified of the Countess of Lennox and the condition
and affairs of her son. That some worthy officer may be
placed in charge of the Middle March.
Endd. P. ¾.
1520. Robert Melvil to the Earl of Leicester.
Thanks him for procuring the Queen to travail for his life,
and giving commission to the ambassador to suit for him,
whereby he has obtained his surety and liberty. As his
service in England has been so well recompensed, his constant
love and faithful service shall be bestowed at his utter power
to the contentation of the Queen and country. Doubts not
he has misliked his behaviour during the late troubles, but
his proceeding would be better interpreted considering his
bounden duty to his mistress, which never abstracted his goodwill from the country where he had received so much pleasure
and courtesy. Is comforted to hear of his good estate after
the evil bruit passed of him in this country. It has not
pleased the Regent to restore him his living, yet, having life,
hopes not to lack that which is sufficient for him.—"Karneye,"
18 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
1521. The Earl of Argyle to the Queen.
Her ambassador has from time to time notified her goodwill and affection borne towards him. His present power is
not able to acquit him of the benefits she has rendered to
him by her letters directed to the Regent, whereby he has
been relaxed from the horn, if he will agree to certain conditions which for the most part he offered himself.—Argyle,
19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1522. The Countess of Argyle to the Queen.
Thanks her for her affection towards her and the posterity of him who rests with God, and specially for the
letters directed to the Regent in their favour. Assures her
they will be always her faithful and addicted servants.
Remits particulars of the appointment between her present
husband and the Regent to the declaration of the bearer
[Killegrew].—Argyle, 19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1523. The Earl of Argyle to Killegrew.
The favour and benefits bestowed on him by the Queen
shall not be forgotten, nor yet his travail taken on the procuring thereof. The conditions concerning the jewels he and
his bedfellow like very well, and will perform the same at
such time as the Regent shall appoint. Begs him to write to
the Regent thereof, and procure a day for the performing of
the conditions. Prays him to deliver their letters to the
Queen himself because particulars are referred to his declaration.—Argyle, 19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
1524. The Countess of Argyle to Killegrew.
Has shewn the Queen in the letter it will please him to
present that she cannot recompense her humanity and kindness otherwise than by a loving heart. Is not unmindful of
his goodwill therein, and gives him hearty thanks. Is sorry
to hear of his departing, for she would have been most glad
to have spoken with him touching matters too long to write,
but has declared them to the bearer. He shall have a leash
of hounds, and many more if these prove good.—Argyle,
19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
1525. Ivan Basilowitz to Queen Elizabeth.
Amongst other matters complains that she has transmitted
a certain affair which he has commissioned a nobleman of his
Court, named Andrew Gregoriwitz Saurin, to communicate
to herself to the consideration of her Council, on the plea of her
maidenly state, instead of treating with him personally.—
20 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Russ. Broadside.
1526. Arrest of Goods.
A request for the Queen's letters to the Senate of Brabant
that they will not admit any suits arising out of the late
arrests of goods in Spain and England against a certain
contract concluded 21 August 1574.
Endd. P. 1.
1527. Treaty at Bristol.
Extract out of the treaty at Bristol, touching the giving
out of a commission for hearing and determining such causes
as were not determined at the time of the treaty.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 12/3.
1528. Treaty at Bristol.
Extracts out of certain treaties made between the Kings of
England and Spain for free traffic between their subjects.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 7.
1529. Treaties between England and Spain.
Rough notes of certain articles contained in different
treaties concluded between England and Spain in the reigns
of Henry 8 and Queen Elizabeth, the last relating to the
treaty concluded at Bristol, 21 August 1574.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 8.
1530. Tonnage and Poundage.
The advice of the Judges of the Admiralty, Doctors Dale
and Awbery, how further proofs may be made for poundage,
Endd. by Burghley. P. 2/3.
1531. Proclamation in the Low Countries.
Declares all goods, merchandise, and wares to be confiscated
and of good prize that be transported towards the King
of Spain's enemies and rebels, with also those that be coming
from thence, or that must touch or pass by the parts occupied
by them, or which by their sufference and permission or
dissimulation come over hither.—Given at Antwerp, 23 August
Copy, translated out of Dutch. Endd. Pp. 6.
1532. John Arnott's Memorial to Killegrew.
Gives an account of the robbery of himself and mariners
off Yarmouth by one William Hudson of Colchester, under
pretence of examining all ships coming from Flanders for
rebels against the Queens. Details the amount of goods that
he has lost amounting to three hundred and four score and six
pounds Flemish money. Prays him to be his good friend
therein.—Edinburgh, 23 August. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 2.
1533. Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington to the Queen.
Being assured of her continual aiding of all such as crave
her help, is driven to relate to her his heavy trouble. Never
having offended against the King and his Regents, he has for
the space of four years been debarred and put away from his
living. Being a man near fourscore years of age, she may
consider what displeasure it is to him to be kept from his
native house of Lethington. No man in Scotland can accuse
him of anything wherein he has merited such extreme
dealing, unless it be alleged that by the son's offence the
father deserves punishment. The proceedings of his son
were very displeasing to him, whose fall his natural feelings
moved him to lament. Has been the father of many sons,
but only one remains alive, who is dead to him in respect
of the forfeiture led against him. Were he not assured of her
goodness to have his grief and anguish appeased, death were
welcome a thousand times. Prays her to write to the Regent
in his behalf for the liberty of his son now in ward, and the
restoring of his house and lands. Edinburgh, 24 August 1574.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
1534. Information for Killegrew of Sir Richard Maitland's affairs.
As he was one of the senators of the courts of justice and
session, and therefore behoved to remain the most part of the
year in Edinburgh, his son William borrowed his house and
place of Lethington when he married and had some family,
which house he used till he was taken in Stirling. Having
hope of his relief he caused certain servants to remain there
while the Earl of Murray was Regent. When the Earl of
Lennox was made Regent, fearing he would be extreme and
sharp to his son, he caused his wife to pass to Lethington and
discharge his son's servants, entering his own proper servants.
Notwithstanding the Regent directed the servants to deliver
the same upon pain of treason. Told the Regent he and the
house would be ever at the obedience of the authority, but
could get no answer. Within a month it was delivered to
Captain David Home by the Regent. David Home occupied
the manors adjacent to the house and took the profits. The
Regent made him factor to intromit with all his son's goods
and lands, by reason of his forfeiture, and he charged the
lands to pay him the farms and duties, albeit his son never
had to do with the same. Is credibly informed the said
David has disposed of the furniture; the house and place
daily decays for fault of entertainment, and is daily wasted.
The Regent, who might have disposed of him as he did of the
others, has through his mercy not only preserved the life of
the only son which is alive, but has removed him from sharp
ward, and put him in one more free; prays that the Regent
may take him into his favour, and prays him to travail with
the Queen for the same.
Endd. Pp. 2½.
1535. Traffic to the Ports of France.
Letters patent by Catherine de Medicis directing the
officers in command on the coasts of Normandy to free ships
from a restraint placed upon them by M. Milleray, ViceAdmiral and Lieutenant-General in Normandy, and allow
them to have full ingress and egress.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Palermo, 14 Aug. 1574.—Heavy bombardment of the fort
at La Goletta by the Turks and repulse of their assault. La
Goletta, 9 Aug.—Discovery of a plot to destroy the powder
in the fort. Palermo, 18 Aug.—Dispatch of help to La
Goletta. Rome, 28 Aug.—News of the siege, and fear that
the fort will not be able to hold out against a general assault.
Efforts for its succour. News from Venice 4 Sept., Cracow
11 Aug., and Vienna 21 Aug.
Endd. by Burghley. Ital. Pp. 62/3.