Elizabeth: August 1574

Pages 536-545

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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August 1574

August 3. 1507. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Beseeches his revocation, whereof he never stood in greater need. The Regent is gone this day to Aberdeen, having left the rule with the Earl of Angus and others. He has committed 12 principal men of the Borders to gentlemen's keeping, hoping thereby to have the Borders in better tune. The complaints increase daily against the pirates. Captain Read of Berwick and Mr. Witherington's son are worthy blame for publicly favouring them. Berwick is now left very bare without a head, and great divisions among the captains and soldiers. Has sent to Mr. Walsingham a letter in cipher from Mr. Hamilton to the Scottish Queen. Such of the Scottish guard as are in this country repair into France as fast as they may. The Master of Salton, in the north, has slain one of the Innes, a kinsman of the Regent, whom he thinks will pass over the matter. The Archbishop of St. Andrew's is dead, and something will be done in the General Assembly against the man nominated by the Regent. The pique between the Regent and the church is like to breed a scab in the end. There is of late come to the Regent a letter of Grange's to the Scottish Queen, written not two days before his death, making mention of his devotion and service to her, and declaring where all he jewels were, and how many Sir William Drury had in gage for 600l. Perceives that Lord Home and others taken in the Castle shall not die. For the ordnance of Home Castle, told the Regent he had not yet any answer.—Edinburgh, 3 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
August 3. 1508. H. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Is going this northern voyage with the Regent. The French faction increases. Claude Hamilton, the Duke's son, was married to-day to Lord Seton's daughter. Touching old Lady Seton, for whom he wrote to have safe conduct, understands since by the Regent that she will speak with the Scottish Queen under pretence to see her daughter, Mary Seton. Thinks it a good course to win favour of all men indifferently for his sovereign; for that purpose beseeches him remember the Earl of Argyle's suit. Robinson, lately come out of France to speak with the Scottish Queen, is a man very dangerous, and to be taken heed of. Lord Home has the liberty of the castle where he is prisoner. Now these people begin to wax hollow it were not amiss to have some better regard to Berwick. Pirates are so openly maintained by some belonging to that town that it makes evil blood among them here. The Regent expects the rendition of the ordnance for Home Castle. Captain Cockburn has lost 300 francs by pirates, taken from a very honest ship within sight of the ships set forth by Mr. Woodhouse, vice-admiral of Norfolk.—Edinburgh, 3 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
August 9. 1509. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
They have in France already 6,000 reiters, 6,000 Swiss of a new levy, besides the Swiss that were here before. The foctmen that were in Normandy, and other to the number of 10,000, are delivered to Puygalliard, their cannons and munition sent away; all the horsemen in France appointed to wait upon the King; 4,000 Italians in readiness in Savoy and Italy; 500,000 crowns lent by the Pope, the Venetians, and the Dukes of Savoy and Florence. The King has been highly received in Venice and much honoured in Italy. The 29th July he arrived at Ferrara, and comes by Mirandola and Mantua to Turin. It was thought he had had some mishap, because there was no news of him from the 17th of July to the 6th August. No man could hold the Queen Mother but that she would to Lyons in all haste with the Princes, who now ride in train with her. She has removed all their men of trust, and committed their guard to the Marshal de Retz. They are appointed to come at leisure to Lyons. Thanks her little therefore, and will be thitherward to-morrow, to be as near hand as he can. La Noüe fortifies himself in Lusignan and has taken a strong place near Niort. Danville is thought to be in a strong place at Languedoc. The Queen has left the government of Paris in the hands of the Court of Parliament and merchants.—Paris, 5 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
August 9. 1510. Conference with Dr. Wyer.
Doctor Wyer said he was sent by the Count Palatine to treat with the King and Queen Mother for some pacification for them of the religion. The Count had sent to the Queen of England, the Swiss, and Princes of Germany to enter into a league if the King went forward with extremities. Duke Casimir had in readiness 6,000 reiters at the death of the King. Now considering the great preparation made for the King that now is, both of reiters, Swiss, and Italians, the Count thought to attempt what might be done by treaty, because he was not able to go through with the matter alone. He has proposed to the Queen Mother that there might be a truce during the time of talk, that the marshals might be at liberty, that the Queen of England, the Princes of the religion in Germany, and the Swiss might be parties to the conclusion and defenders of the pacification. That no man should be inquired of for his religion. That they of haute justice should have marriage and baptism in their houses, not being above the number of 10; that Rochelle, Nismes, and Montauban should have generally free exercise of religion. The Queen Mother says that she will not meddle with any matter of state till the coming of the King, so that the Count's ambassador is constrained to go towards the King for his answer. He has written to his master of the preparation that is made for war, and that there is little or no hope of any pacification, to the end his master may prepare for the worst.
Pp. 1¼. Enclosure.
August 9. 1511. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Sees how well the fair promises of quietness and these great preparations of war do agree. Like with what mind the King went to Rochelle, when he (Walsingham) was here, he comes towards Languedoc and Dauphiny. The Marshal's case is thought to be as evil as ever it was, notwithstanding that his wife has spoken with him divers times in the company of the King's Procureur. Dr. Wyer's dealing for him finds as little comfort as Mr. Leighton's on his. Danville stands at his defence only, and does not much enterprise. The young Princes are led like wards, sometimes with fair words, sometimes with strait dealing. The Queen takes her journey by Treves and Burgundy as far as she can from Poitou for fear of surprise. Her chickens go in coach under her wing, and so she minds to bring them to the King. They are like to tarry long from this town, because Dauphiny and Languedoc will require long time to be pacified. Has appointed George Hopton to remain here to convey letters to and fro. Captain Sasetto (in cipher) also tarries here, which will do good service. Takes Jacomo with him as he cannot spare him. Paris, 9 August. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
August 10. 1512. The Queen to Catherine de Medicis.
Is astonished at the strange news in her last letters, that her ministers should serve as instruments to perform ill offices in France. Cannot tell easily what secretary it is of the which she makes mention, but sends this bearer, who was the last messenger despatched by the ambassador a few days after the receipt of her letters, and has charged him to clear himself, or never to see her face again. Cannot think that want of affection towards her should be imputed to anyone who would risk his life for her son's. It is a new and unheard-of circumstance for a mother to demand, "Wherefore would you the safety of my son?" Perhaps she suspects that the injury is written in marble, but why should one suffer for the people? If she could assure herself that his elevation could remove from the King all natural ties, she would remind him of them, and by such means aid her son, but other means are not her fashion. If any of her subjects have engaged therein, it is but right that they should be made to smart well, both for having given her cause to be suspected, and to teach them a lesson not to meddle in the affairs of princes. In telling her of the circumstance the Princes have committed treason to themselves sooner than offend her, but if some companion has advised them by so easy means to acquire her favour, she does not approve of the councillor, and still less the following his advice. Understands by her letters to her Ambassador that someone of her (Elizabeth's) Council has dared to say that she would not observe friendship with this King, because of the dishonourable way he had used her. Has not made rash choice of her councillors, and is too well persuaded that they can keep secrets committed to them, to think they can imagine something that has never been said. They say that a woman can keep a secret that is not one at all, much more wise men will not speak of a subject that does not pertain to them. She does them great wrong to injure them in her opinion, and hopes she will make amends by saying whence such a fable arose. There is no living creature who has heard her say so much of him as lately she declared to his ambassador. It was those who influenced him in their first negotiation that made him swear so contrary to the letters and messages he had formerly sent, and she pardons him for the good she desires of him. Wishes that such persons should live in another place, or at least that their hate should lack force to accomplish their designs. If she see a desire on the part of the King to have her amongst his nearest allies, she will forget the memory of past grievances, and will show that the Queen of England will not revenge on the King of France the wrongs that Monsieur has inflicted. She will be the author of nothing that she cannot defend. Gloucester, 10 August 1574. Signed.
Copy. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
August 11. 1513. Francis Walsingham to Dr. Dale.
The Queen has written to the Queen Mother an answer to the complaints she makes of certain that have done ill offices in France, as in practising with the Duke of Alençon, and others for the disturbance of that realm. She names none, but only this bearer, his (Dale's) secretary. The Queen's pleasure is, that at the time of the delivery thereof this bearer should accompany him to the Court, that he may present him to her as ready to justify himself against any that should charge him. If she should refuse to do this, he is to tell her that the Queen finds herself aggrieved, and he himself not well used, when he and his ministers, who seek nothing but the conservation of the amity, should be charged as violators thereof. She refers what speech is most fit to be used to his own discretion. After certain knowledge received from him, about what time he thinks the new King shall approach towards Paris, the Queen means to send over Lord North to use offices of congratulation.—Churcham, 11 August 1574.
Copy. P. 1.
August 12. 1514. Jewels of the King of Scotland.
It has pleased the Regent to grant that the Earl of Argyle and his lady shall keep certain jewels until certain demands be answered to the heirs of the late Earl of Murray for money disbursed by him in the King's service. He is contented they shall retain them in their custody after they be valued and esteemed, giving caution to be answerable for them to the King's use. If this content them, he will relax them from the horn, that they may come to him for ending of the matter.
Endd. P. 2/3.
August 16. 1515. The Regent of Scotland to the Queen.
In respect of the diligence and sufficiency of her present ambassador has forborne to write the state of matters here. Seems to be needful that some shall take heed of the Wardens to spur them to their duties in administration of justice. None appear more apt than Mr. Killegrew or Lord President Huntingdon. The difficulty is great for him long to continue this state and Borders in quietness, the people through frequent alterations being desirous of novelty. To augment his force, besides the reparation of his sovereign's decayed house, is a matter more chargeable than he can bear, except he have her support and aid. Has conferred more specially with her ambassador, and has no doubt he will faithfully report his meaning. The King daily increases in virtuous and princely learning. According to her recommendation is content the Earl of Argyle shall retain the King's jewels in his custody. Without some present punishment of the pirates cannot prevent their people from seeking their private remedy and revenge.—Aberdeen, 16 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
August 16. 1516. The Regent of Scotland to the Earl of Leicester.
Has forborne to write since the coming of the present messenger, trusting to his sufficiency; his longer tarry would have been very acceptable. He is of great purpose in admo nishing the officers of the Queen on the Borders. Has sincerely dealt with him in the charge he had to communicate. He will receive from him a cast of falcons, the best that have come to his hand this year. — Aberdeen, 16 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
August 16. 1517. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Is heartily sorry the Queen's pleasure is to revoke his brother-in-law. His presence has increased the quietness and amity, the Queen's officers on the frontiers being ofttimes moved by his admonitions to do their duty with greater care and diligence. No stranger has had greater goodwill or departed with greater liking or contentment. In such things as he has dealt with him he has answered plainly and directly, so meaning always to proceed. — Aberdeen, 16 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
August 16. 1518. Memorial from the Regent of Scotland to Killegrew.
Earnest letters to be directed to the Wardens to hold hand to justice. Commandment to Lord Huntingdon to take care and oversee the proceedings of the Wardens and press them to their duty. How weary he is of his charge, and how unable he is to bear it without the Queen's aid and support. Has yielded to the Queen's request as concerning the jewels to remain in the Earl of Argyle's hands. Cruelty and inhumanity used to their people by the English pirates. Restitution of ordnance belonging to the King in Home Castle, and to procure a definite answer. Trial of the matter of the false money apprehended in Ayr, that the offenders receive punishment. Lawrence dwelling in Berwick that counterfeited the King's coin, that he may be searched for and receive the reward of his deserving. To be mindful what can be gathered from Mr. John Hamilton's letters or otherwise concerning this state. What further light is had of the examination of Mr. Alexander Hamilton.
Pp. 1½.
August [16.] 1519. Notes to Killegrew to crave the Queen's pleasure thereupon.
Restitution of the ordnance in Home Castle. What is fallen out upon the examination of Alexander Hamilton. What is discovered upon Thomas Leslie's examination. What is to be looked for touching the matter of the greatest moment. Grant of a placard for a hundred geldings. That he may be certified of the Countess of Lennox and the condition and affairs of her son. That some worthy officer may be placed in charge of the Middle March.
Endd. P. ¾.
August 18. 1520. Robert Melvil to the Earl of Leicester.
Thanks him for procuring the Queen to travail for his life, and giving commission to the ambassador to suit for him, whereby he has obtained his surety and liberty. As his service in England has been so well recompensed, his constant love and faithful service shall be bestowed at his utter power to the contentation of the Queen and country. Doubts not he has misliked his behaviour during the late troubles, but his proceeding would be better interpreted considering his bounden duty to his mistress, which never abstracted his goodwill from the country where he had received so much pleasure and courtesy. Is comforted to hear of his good estate after the evil bruit passed of him in this country. It has not pleased the Regent to restore him his living, yet, having life, hopes not to lack that which is sufficient for him.—"Karneye," 18 August. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
August 19. 1521. The Earl of Argyle to the Queen.
Her ambassador has from time to time notified her goodwill and affection borne towards him. His present power is not able to acquit him of the benefits she has rendered to him by her letters directed to the Regent, whereby he has been relaxed from the horn, if he will agree to certain conditions which for the most part he offered himself.—Argyle, 19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
August 19. 1522. The Countess of Argyle to the Queen.
Thanks her for her affection towards her and the posterity of him who rests with God, and specially for the letters directed to the Regent in their favour. Assures her they will be always her faithful and addicted servants. Remits particulars of the appointment between her present husband and the Regent to the declaration of the bearer [Killegrew].—Argyle, 19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
August 19. 1523. The Earl of Argyle to Killegrew.
The favour and benefits bestowed on him by the Queen shall not be forgotten, nor yet his travail taken on the procuring thereof. The conditions concerning the jewels he and his bedfellow like very well, and will perform the same at such time as the Regent shall appoint. Begs him to write to the Regent thereof, and procure a day for the performing of the conditions. Prays him to deliver their letters to the Queen himself because particulars are referred to his declaration.—Argyle, 19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
August 19. 1524. The Countess of Argyle to Killegrew.
Has shewn the Queen in the letter it will please him to present that she cannot recompense her humanity and kindness otherwise than by a loving heart. Is not unmindful of his goodwill therein, and gives him hearty thanks. Is sorry to hear of his departing, for she would have been most glad to have spoken with him touching matters too long to write, but has declared them to the bearer. He shall have a leash of hounds, and many more if these prove good.—Argyle, 19 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
August 20. 1525. Ivan Basilowitz to Queen Elizabeth.
Amongst other matters complains that she has transmitted a certain affair which he has commissioned a nobleman of his Court, named Andrew Gregoriwitz Saurin, to communicate to herself to the consideration of her Council, on the plea of her maidenly state, instead of treating with him personally.— 20 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Russ. Broadside.
[August 21.] 1526. Arrest of Goods.
A request for the Queen's letters to the Senate of Brabant that they will not admit any suits arising out of the late arrests of goods in Spain and England against a certain contract concluded 21 August 1574.
Endd. P. 1.
August 21. 1527. Treaty at Bristol.
Extract out of the treaty at Bristol, touching the giving out of a commission for hearing and determining such causes as were not determined at the time of the treaty.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 12/3.
August 21. 1528. Treaty at Bristol.
Extracts out of certain treaties made between the Kings of England and Spain for free traffic between their subjects.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 7.
August 21. 1529. Treaties between England and Spain.
Rough notes of certain articles contained in different treaties concluded between England and Spain in the reigns of Henry 8 and Queen Elizabeth, the last relating to the treaty concluded at Bristol, 21 August 1574.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 8.
[August 21.] 1530. Tonnage and Poundage.
The advice of the Judges of the Admiralty, Doctors Dale and Awbery, how further proofs may be made for poundage, tonnage, &c.
Endd. by Burghley. P. 2/3.
August 23. 1531. Proclamation in the Low Countries.
Declares all goods, merchandise, and wares to be confiscated and of good prize that be transported towards the King of Spain's enemies and rebels, with also those that be coming from thence, or that must touch or pass by the parts occupied by them, or which by their sufference and permission or dissimulation come over hither.—Given at Antwerp, 23 August 1574.
Copy, translated out of Dutch. Endd. Pp. 6.
August 24. 1532. John Arnott's Memorial to Killegrew.
Gives an account of the robbery of himself and mariners off Yarmouth by one William Hudson of Colchester, under pretence of examining all ships coming from Flanders for rebels against the Queens. Details the amount of goods that he has lost amounting to three hundred and four score and six pounds Flemish money. Prays him to be his good friend therein.—Edinburgh, 23 August. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 2.
August 24. 1533. Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington to the Queen.
Being assured of her continual aiding of all such as crave her help, is driven to relate to her his heavy trouble. Never having offended against the King and his Regents, he has for the space of four years been debarred and put away from his living. Being a man near fourscore years of age, she may consider what displeasure it is to him to be kept from his native house of Lethington. No man in Scotland can accuse him of anything wherein he has merited such extreme dealing, unless it be alleged that by the son's offence the father deserves punishment. The proceedings of his son were very displeasing to him, whose fall his natural feelings moved him to lament. Has been the father of many sons, but only one remains alive, who is dead to him in respect of the forfeiture led against him. Were he not assured of her goodness to have his grief and anguish appeased, death were welcome a thousand times. Prays her to write to the Regent in his behalf for the liberty of his son now in ward, and the restoring of his house and lands. Edinburgh, 24 August 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
August [24.] 1534. Information for Killegrew of Sir Richard Maitland's affairs.
As he was one of the senators of the courts of justice and session, and therefore behoved to remain the most part of the year in Edinburgh, his son William borrowed his house and place of Lethington when he married and had some family, which house he used till he was taken in Stirling. Having hope of his relief he caused certain servants to remain there while the Earl of Murray was Regent. When the Earl of Lennox was made Regent, fearing he would be extreme and sharp to his son, he caused his wife to pass to Lethington and discharge his son's servants, entering his own proper servants. Notwithstanding the Regent directed the servants to deliver the same upon pain of treason. Told the Regent he and the house would be ever at the obedience of the authority, but could get no answer. Within a month it was delivered to Captain David Home by the Regent. David Home occupied the manors adjacent to the house and took the profits. The Regent made him factor to intromit with all his son's goods and lands, by reason of his forfeiture, and he charged the lands to pay him the farms and duties, albeit his son never had to do with the same. Is credibly informed the said David has disposed of the furniture; the house and place daily decays for fault of entertainment, and is daily wasted. The Regent, who might have disposed of him as he did of the others, has through his mercy not only preserved the life of the only son which is alive, but has removed him from sharp ward, and put him in one more free; prays that the Regent may take him into his favour, and prays him to travail with the Queen for the same.
Endd. Pp. 2½.
[August.] 1535. Traffic to the Ports of France.
Letters patent by Catherine de Medicis directing the officers in command on the coasts of Normandy to free ships from a restraint placed upon them by M. Milleray, ViceAdmiral and Lieutenant-General in Normandy, and allow them to have full ingress and egress.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Aug.-Sept. 1536. Advices.
Palermo, 14 Aug. 1574.—Heavy bombardment of the fort at La Goletta by the Turks and repulse of their assault. La Goletta, 9 Aug.—Discovery of a plot to destroy the powder in the fort. Palermo, 18 Aug.—Dispatch of help to La Goletta. Rome, 28 Aug.—News of the siege, and fear that the fort will not be able to hold out against a general assault. Efforts for its succour. News from Venice 4 Sept., Cracow 11 Aug., and Vienna 21 Aug.
Endd. by Burghley. Ital. Pp. 62/3.