Elizabeth: September 1574

Pages 545-550

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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September 1574

Sept. 2. 1537. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
The Queen Mother arrived at Lyons the 27th August. The Marshal de Retz was always on the wing of her. Some of the guard marched two leagues before and some two leagues after. The young Princes went in coach with her, they had no open guard upon them. Their own guard went with the train. The Queen Mother went by way of Burgundy and Chalons, where she met the Swiss that are newly come, to the number of 6,500. She made them their pay and appointed them to march by little and little to Dauphiny. Danville came to the King at Turin upon assurance of the Duke of Savoy, and is returned to his government with articles of pacification, to the effect that they of religion shall give up their towns, upon promise that they shall not be molested for matters of religion, without any other assurance. The King keeps great state, and causes his forces to approach daily towards them of religion. He departed from Turin the 28th of August, and is looked for about the 6th September. The Queen Mother was in mind to go to Grenoble, but is advised by her Council to the contrary. The common opinion is that there would be some conclusion made with them of the religion, and that the King will have peace. It is thought that the King will seek so much advantage that they of the religion will hardly condescend to it. He makes no haste, neither with the reiters or the Italians, because he hopes to make an end without them. The young princes are put in hope of great things at the coming of the King, and since coming to this town they have gone alone in divers places to make merry. Means were made that Montbrun should meet the King at Chambery, but now he has advised himself to the contrary. The Duke of Savoy has levied 500 horsemen and 4,000 footmen for the King, with pay of three months. The Queen Mother in full council told him that the King had no need of horsemen, and appointed the footmen to remain in Savoy till the King should have need, which answer is much misliked. It is privily spoken that the Queen Mother does not like the dealing of the Duke of Savoy in those matters. The Marshal de Retz has been suitor to keep his old place of first gentleman of the chamber, but the King has bestowed it upon Villequier. Words of great displeasure have been uttered against the Marshal withal. The King is not like to depart from these parts for two months at least. They of Paris make suit for him to repair thither, by the occasion of a mutiny that was like to be there against the Huguenots, to the extent to set the populace upon the town. The Protestants in Languedoc lately took twenty or thirty mules laden with silk coming from Marseilles to this town, whereupon there was a bruit that they were taken upon the way of Italy, and that the Protestants lay between Italy and this town to let the King's passage. It is said that the King will forthwith besiege Noue. There are special ambassadors here to congratulate from all parts, as well Protestant as other. He that comes from the King of Spain stays about Bordeaux for fear of the Protestants in those countries. Cannot understand of any great amity between the King and the King of Spain, yet the King passed by some part of the state of Milan and was honourably used. Don John of Austria met him not, but made speed to Naples to the succour of Tunis and La Goletta, which both are battered by the Turks at once. It is much doubted lest succour will come very late, if time of the year does not disperse the Turk's navy. The French are in great jealousy of a reconciliation between the Queen and the King of Spain. The pestilence is sore at Geneva.—Lyons, 2 Sept. 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3⅓.
Sept. 5. 1538. Dr. Dale to Sir Thomas Smith and Francis Walsingham.
Has earnestly expostulated with the Queen Mother the late stay of the merchants' ships, and complained of certain spoils done in the Seine upon the Queen's subjects since the last release obtained under the broad seal. Declared to her that the Queen's goodwill by the late honourable "funerals" of the King, and her other actions, purge all those jealousies conceived without cause, and what misliking her subjects had that this Court is so far from the sea to give any redress. She answered that she was desirous to redress anything that was amiss, and denied that the last stay was by her commandment, whereas she herself told him she had done it herself, and no less is expressed in the letters patent of the release. She said she had been advertised by De la Mothe of the Queen's good intention and honourable dealing, to the which her son would use the like correspondency. She cast forth she had heard the Queen and the King of Spain were agreed, and that Mendoza made up all for Spain. Said that the doings of Mendoza were but for the intercourse of merchants, which is easier to be accorded by reason of their evil treating in France. Learns none otherwise than of some long abode of the King here, and that the Queen Mother has a doubt of a league to be made between the Princes Protestant. She makes account to get Noue by the Rhone, and also Pouzin, upon the river, within this month, and so by force or composition to have all at commandment before any other stir, for they think to stay the doings of M. de Thon with the Swiss. They know that the Prince of Condé is in a poor case, and they practice daily to get him to submit. The King shall lack the Marshal de Retz about those things if he determine not to use him. The worst thing that moves them is that they can make no reckoning of Spain. All those sums of money that should come from the Venetians and others in Italy are turned to good cheer. Cannot hear that they of the religion are anything dismayed for all this, for Montbrun was of very late taken Mur, a castle in Dauphiny of good strength, where the country had bestowed their victuals for their store, and Montpensier's men have been beaten at Lusignan.—Lyons, 5 Sept. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 5. 1539. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
The likelihood is great that the King will endeavour to make an end of his matters in this country before he depart from hence, but how he shall be able to do it no man can judge. His articles of composition are so strait, and the places in the hands of them of the religion so many and so well situated, and the Swiss, in whom he puts most trust, so unmeet for winning of towns. If the Queen will join with the rest of the princes at the beginning, the King may be persuaded how hard it is to compass that he intends, and so take another way. It is doubted lest the Prince of Condé may be persuaded to submit himself, and some say that Thon meets the King at Chambery.—Lyons, 5 Sept. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
Sept. 7. 1540. Wilkes' Oration to Catherine De Medicis.
Declares himself ready to justify himself from the charge made against him in her letters to the Queen, that he had endeavoured in the Queen's name to incite the Duke of Alençon and the King of Navarre to rebellion, promising them aid of money and men. Had not spoken but once with the Duke with a letter from the ambassador, and twice with the King of Navarre, once about the jewels of his mother that are in the Queen's hand, and another to know for Mr. Leighton whether his intercession for him and for the Duke of Alençon had taken better effect. Knows he would much offend the Queen if he were to deal for the diminishing of the amity between the realms. Demands to be confronted with the King of Navarre and the Duke of Alençon, or any other of less quality that has told her these things, that he may be able to purge himself from the accusation.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 62/3.
Sept. 8. 1541. Charles de Montmorency, Count de Meru, to the Queen.
Prays her to intercede with the King of France for the liberty of the Duke of Montmorency his brother. Prays her to appoint a time for him to have audience with her, that he may be heard at greater length.—London, 8 Sept. 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Sept. 9. 1542. Secretary Cayas to Antonio Fogaça.
Acknowledges the receipt of his letters of 3rd June brought by Roger Bodenham.—Madrid, 9 Sept. 1574. Signed.
Add. Span. P. ¼.
Sept. 10. 1543. Thomas Wilkes to Francis Walsingham.
Arrived at Lyons his third of this present, and found the Queen Mother removed towards Chambery to meet the King. At her return on the 7th the Ambassador and he had audience, when he delivered the Queen's letter. Urged her to bring them forth that had accused him to her. She denied that the Duke of Alençon and the King of Navarre had confessed anything, but that she had received it from others. Saw that it grieved her to have the matter called any more in question, so was fain to depart without any further ado. She required the ambassador to foresee he would deal no more in any practices, and willed him himself not to intrude in their affairs any more, for he would repent it. Is advised to beware of her for she is evil affected towards him. Prays for a second letter from the Queen to be a shield against their privy dealings, for he does not trust her. The King arrived on the 6th accompanied with the Duke of Savoy. He will either repair to Molins or Avignon to give order for his wars against the Protestants. He prepares an army of 30,000, whereof are arrived about Lyons 6,500 Swiss. There are entered into France 8,000 reiters under the conduction of Count Charles and Bassompierre. The rest are levied under the Duke of Montpensier, the Prince Dauphin, and others. The Duke of Montpensier going to besiege Fontenay, met four cornets of horsemen, which for the most part he slew, and took some of the principal, which are all like to be put to the sword. The Protestants in Albigeois, the third of this present surprised Castres, a town of good strength and great importance. The Secretaries come no more to the Council, but are directed by a referendary. The Marshal de Retz is in his casu, and will shortly retrograde if the Queen Mother hold him not up. It is thought that there are 500 Savoyard horse gone to the Protestants in Languedoc. The Duke of Alençon and the King of Navarre are as he left them, constant and honest, and the Queen Mother has abused them in report. Desires him to stand his good friend for his allowance from Paris to Lyons, which is 35 posts. If he do not it will undo him, he had need be holpen or else he may go beg. Cannot as yet have any convenient mean to speak to the Duke of Alençon and the King of Navarre to see how they be satisfied.—Lyons, 10 Sept. 1574. Signed.
Partly in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 10. 1544. The Countess of Argyle to the Queen.
At the being here of her servants he travailed to bring the cause between the Regent and the Earl of Murray's children to some good end. Lately the Regent has desired the performance of some further surety than was contained in the heads agreed upon before. It appears to her and to her husband that the Regent is no ways of mind to make a sure end in this behalf, but to drive time and allege fault on their part. Sends copies of such things as have passed since the travails taken by her ambassador. She will see the Regent's mind towards herself and the Earl of Murray's children. Prays her to write in her favour to the Regent for relaxation from the horn, and a promise that during his government she shall not be troubled in this case. If she exhibit the jewels the Regent will retain them, and hold no cause lawful why she should have the custody of them.— Argyle, 10 Sept. 1574. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.