Elizabeth: December 1575, 21-31

Pages 206-224

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 11, 1575-1577. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Please subscribe to access the page scans

This volume has gold page scans.
Access these scans with a gold subscription.Key icon

December 1575, 21-31

Dec. 21. 509. M. Fremin to Walsingham.
1. Has received his letters by Wilkes, the 20th of the month. Arrived here, within three leagues of Nancy, Thursday the 15th. The Prince is lodged at Sallome, near Chateau Salins, a league from Vic, a town of the bishopric, which has been summoned to surrender, it being convenient as a passage for the artillery. They of the town have refused, saying that they were not subject to France but to the Emperor, and have sent to Duke Casimir for his protection. They have offered 4,000 crowns to be left in peace. Believes from what he hears the Prince will bring his artillery there, and that the place is not tenable. The muster is made the 22nd of the present month. The Prince of Condé leaves to-morrow to attend the muster with Duke Casimir. It is made at Annoy, three leagues from here. The Swiss that are in the environs of Saverne have been expected these six days. In the past wars the reiters have had a French officer to transact their business, but now they refuse to permit any Frenchman to have any charge among them except it be that of general or his deputy. With regard to the truce the feeling in the camp is that the Prince should make terms at Paris with a large and powerful force. The Imperial Diet is fixed for the 15th February next at Ratisbon. Has not heard if there be a King of Poland elected. From Constantinople there is news that 150 ships, great and small, were lost in a tempest, 10,000 Christian slaves drowned, and 90,000 measures of wheat and many other things destroyed. Never theless the Turk is making great preparation for the spring. The marriage of Duke Henry of Brunswick with Madame Dorothea, sister of the Duke of Lorraine, is fixed for to-morrow at Nancy. The Reine Blanche has been here four days on the way to her father.—Sallome, 21 December 1575. Signed.
2. P.S. 1.—It is said they will remain here 10 days.
3. P.S. 2.—Has sent his letters to Doctor Lobbetius.
Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Dec. 21. 510. Henry Furstemburg to Walsingham.
Has received his letter of the 8th November on the 19th instant, and expresses his gratitude for the benefits and privileges which the town of Cologne have always enjoyed in England. Touching the person and cause about which he has written, although he fears their trouble will not bring great fruit, he will do all that lies in his power therein.— Cologne, 21 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
Dec. 22. 511. Rowland Fox to Walsingham.
Wrote to him from Antwerp touching the making over of money from these parts into England. Arrived here in Cologne on the 17th instant, and does not doubt to bring all things into perfection, though there be some doubts come into the heads of the leaders here that there is like to be great discord between the house of Burgundy and the crown of England. Doubts not but money enough can be got for five upon the hundred. Dr. Furstemburg shows himself very diligent to further the cause, who says that he must have either a letter from the Queen or a special commission to demand the bonds of the town of Cologne, without which nothing will be done, as such a thing is not to be granted without a special request to them. M. Bellerbros' horses were both lame before they came here; he has provided a couple of fair coach horses for Walsingham, brown bays, each of them four white feet very well marked, the eldest under four years, and he himself breaks them daily exceeding well. Desires to know what order he will have taken for their conveying into England. His earnest request is to have a young ambling great horse, either dapple grey or brown bay. There is great taking up of horsemen and footmen, and the Prince of Condé is with his power near Metz. He is accompanied with Casimir and divers other noblemen of Germany, and has 8,000 horse, 6,000 Switzers, and 7,000 harquebussiers. The King of France has requested Casimir not to proceed any farther and he will pay all the charges he has been at. If his wife has any suit he desires that he will be good to her, for he has left her in a place where he fears she will have small courtesy shown her.—Cologne, 22 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½
Dec. 22. 512. Rowland Fox to Edward Castelyn.
Has put in execution the instructions Mr. Secretary gave him, which are to small purpose, for except there be commission or letters of credit to the town of Cologne for the giving out of their bonds it will not be. Dr. Furstemburg and others press themselves to further the cause. The town will not refuse to enter in bonds at her Majesty's request. Dr. Furstemburg has given him counsel not to proceed further until the commission comes, for that it will be very evil thought on for him to come with such slender despatch out of England. There is great doubt made because it is noised abroad that the Queen will have Zealand and Holland, which is thought will breed wars between the house of Burgundy and the Crown of England. M. Bellerbros likes not his horses, neither in very deed are they to be liked, for that they be both old and lame.—Cologne, 22 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Dec. 22. 513. M. Mauvissiere to Walsingham.
1. Writes on behalf of some poor Provencal merchants and mariners from Marseilles who seek the recovery of their goods and merchandise. They are of the country where the English merchants usually traffic, and through where pass the Candy and Muscadet wine which are used for taking away the taste of beer and dispersing the humours it would engender if it were not corrected by a warmer liquor. Nothing could be more pleasant for him than to render like service. Hopes God will take pity on the evil state of France.—London, 22 December 1575. Signed.
2. P.S.—Begs him to place before the Queen the requests of the Queen of Scots, assuring him he will find them reasonable.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Dec. 22. 514. Wars in France.
1. A list of the noblemen and captains that command the horsemen and footmen under Monsieur amounting in all to 46 names.
2. The Viscount of Turenne is to join with him in three days with 300 gentlemen and 1,200 harquebussiers.
3. The towns that Monsieur has taken since he left the Court in which he has used no pillage nor put any garrison in them are Dreux, Romorantin, Loudun, Thouars, Parthenay Melle, and Ruffecq.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
515. Copy of the above.
Endd. by Walsingham. Pp. 1½.
Dec. 23. 516. Henry Furstemburg to Walsingham.
To the same effect as his letter of the 21st instant, that he fears that the negotiations on which they are engaged will fail, unless Roland Fox has a more ample commission and authority to treat with the town of Cologne.—Cologne, 23 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
Dec. 517. Herman Rodemberg to Frederick Schwartz.
Thanks him for his kindness shown to his friend Simon Percival, who has conferred with him about the loan of a certain weighty sum of money. Begs that he will use his mediation that he may have a pension of 40 or 50 crowns from the Queen of England, for which he will do her service, and may be better able as her pensioner to aid the English merchants in any difficulty, and to attend upon any ambassadors landing here. Cannot give him full assurance presently of this great loan with the Holstein gentlemen, but if he were authorised with a letter of credit might do good service.—Hamburg, Wednesday in the Christmas holidays, 1575. Signed.
Endd.: "Translated out of the High Dutch." Pp. 2.
Dec. 25. 518. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. All Christendom is in expectation of what may become of this peace. If others did not hinder it the Queen Mother would patch it up for a time. Knows not how the reiters will be stayed, unless they will be fed with wind, for neither is there any money for them, and that that is goes still the other way. Would fain hear his successor were appointed. —Paris, 25 December 1575. Signed.
2. P.S. (in cipher, deciphered).—Has spoken to two that go to stay the Almains, so that it may be done without offence of the Queen and the Palatine. The Prince of Condé has sent in the meantime to persuade the Duke of Alençon to the contrary. Monsieur means good faith, and would gladly hear there might be means to appease the troubles, and has an opinion that good faith is meant towards him. They that came from him have many conjectures that there is some practice against him.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Dec. 25. 519. Dr. Dale to [Sir Thomas Smith and Walsingham].
The King has visited a nunnery at Melun as part of his "novaine." There was much speech that the King would go to Orleans to meet his mother there, and some secret talk that certain of Bourges should meet him at Fontainebleau to take instructions from him, either to deliver or forbear the delivery of Bourges to Monsieur. As far as he can learn the King did neither. Monsieur la Mothe makes no haste since he is assured La Porte may not go without him. Preparation is made for the fortification of St. Denis, St. Cloud, Corbeil, and Pont Charenton. A good part of the reiters are come to Toul, hoping to have some intelligence there. They that come from the Queen Mother give out that the peace is made, but those that come from the Prince of Condé, and they that understand the resolutions taken in Council and see the preparation for war, and know the disposition of them that are in credit about the King, are of another opinion. Some say Monsieur has Cognac, some St. Jean d'Angeli, some that they of Bourges are ready to receive him. The last certain news is that he went to rase a house of Ruffecq's in Poictou, because he holds Angouleme. James Fitz Morris is come to this town again, but has not past two with him, and is not so well entertained as he was. There is a voyage appointed for 10 ships to go to the Portuguese Indies, but cannot learn whether it is indeed. Three are to set forth under the name of Strozzi, three under that of Sarlabois, the rest are merchant shippers; an Italian is to be their captain. During the King's absence the Duke of Guise has showed himself much in the palace and about the town to have the favour of the common people. He goes all muffled and bewrapt on one side of his face. The Archbishop of Nazareth, that was resident here, is looked for within a day or two from the Pope to make great proffers to the King to break the peace.
Copy. Enclosure. P. 1½.
Dec. 26. 520. Robert Corbet to Lord Burghley.
Has taken his leave of the Commendator and had great talk with him, the relation of which he omits till his return. Encloses the advices for this week, and certain Italian letters.—Antwerp, 26 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Dec. 21. 521. Henry Furstemburg to Edward Castelyn.
Has received three letters from him. Was unable to come to any conclusion with the widow Hylte, as she refused to do anything during the absence of her daughter, on whose return she made the same reply as formerly to Castelyn, on which he cannot congratulate him, for though it was not a complete refusal, he thinks they will be obliged to seek other means. Will further the matter with all his power, and thanks him for the favour shown to himself.—Cologne, 21 Dec. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Enclosure. Ital Pp. 1½.
Dec. 23. 522. Henry Furstemburg to Edward Castelyn.
Fears that his commission will be found insufficient, and hopes that Roland Fox has advertised Walsingham thereof, as it is necessary in order to complete well that they should begin well.—Cologne, 23 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Enclosure. Ital. P. 2/3.
Dec. 26. 523. Advertisements.
The answer of the Estates of Brabant about the contribution of money is deferred. The islands of Zericksee, by the last great storms, are overflooded and the soldiers forced to withdraw to the forts. Certain Spaniards, removing by bark to avoid the dangers of the water, ran aground on the sands and were attacked by certain Gueux, who drove them under hatches and set fire to the ship and burnt them. All the Spaniards are removed from Zericksee and 16 companies of Walloons put in their places. There are 50 ships of the Gueux lying before the head of Zericksee tarrying for a favourable wind to attempt some enterprise. In a certain village of Duiveland there was gathered together great store of corn, and the flood was so high that the Spaniards were forced to forgo the place when the Gueux, in flat-bottomed boats, came and fetched the said corn away. The Gueux have taken or sunk certain ships, which has greatly disquieted the Commendator, for they were his last store of ships and mariners. The Commendator has sent a kinsman, Don Guilielmo de San Lorenzo, to the Duke of Brunswick to congratulate his marriage, and present the Duchess with a carcanet worth 4,000 crowns. They hear little of the reiters but of their marching forward. Some bruit there is that the peace in France is agreed. Some report there is that on Saturday there entered Zericksee 50 small vessels with victual, and that at the same time they of the town issued forth, and by policy on the sudden took about 40 Spaniards and brought them alive into the town.
Endd.: Dec. 26. Enclosure. Pp. 12/3.
Dec. 26. 524. John Hastings to the Earl of Leicester and Lord Burghley.
Has had difficulty in sending on account of the wind. Their extremity here was no more reported than he found true. This truce in France, here long talked of has somewhat revived them, but now they hear that is broken off or by the Prince of Condé's non-entry thereto somewhat slackened. They are rather minded to make the Queen Lady and Countess of Holland and Zealand than to have any other dealing, and so he fears they are resolved, if it like not her Majesty to accept thereof, otherwise to bestow it. Motion will be made to her Majesty that the French King may be dealt with to see what he will do touching his title to Artois and Flanders to occupy the enemy that way. They have great hopes of Amsterdam and the town and country of Utrecht and other places wherewith they have always had great intelligence, and the French entering by the side of Artois, their attempts here are likelier to be gone through with without any further league or condition with the French. The Prince of Orange doubts not but to bring at least 40 nobleman of good account in Germany to join with her Majesty; so any little amity being made with the free towns and Denmark and Sweden, with the English forces by sea they are like to put their enemies with all their practises farther from them. Laments that by this frowardness of weather there should be this delay in understanding their offer and answering it, lest in the meantime they be brought into greater extremity. If their offer be accepted, they first of all desire 6,000 men and 300 cast-iron pieces out of hand. There should not be more than 150 to the ensign, armed according to the schedule enclosed. Touching the captains and other officers for the recovery of that fame the English nation was wont to have, which he is sorry to hear they have so carelessly lost, there needs be had better and more particular regard to the persons. This he commends to their consideration, the rather that there was order passed for the sending of 1,000 Scots, a thing to puff the Scot to greater pride and make him a worse neighbour. If they will deal plainly their credit shall more advance the cause with 2,000li than 20,000li will do otherwise. For keeping the passages between the islands galleys and brigantines would do great service. The Commendator has made some, but they dare not yet look into the sea. The Spaniards are gone from Zerickzee, and in their place have come Count Overstein's company and certain other Almains. The town has been already victualled, and shall be so again.—Brielle, 26 Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp 3.
Dec. 29. 525. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Since the writing of his letter of the 25th all the town have been occupied about the fortification of their faubourgs, and have not ceased one day, notwithstanding the solemnity of the feast. They repair the old trenches on both sides of the river, and make divers new platforms in the field about the town. They also fortify Montmartre, a town upon a very high hill within a mile of Paris with all diligence. The townsmen of Paris and the villages were commanded some to labour and some to furnish themselves with tools and baskets for the work. The King himself has been about to the fortifications. The Duke of Guise prepares to put himself in garrison at St. Denis. Understands the occasion of this haste arises from the taking of a packet from the Prince of Condé to Monsieur, wherein it is discovered that the reiters do not mind to stay, notwithstanding any agreement with Monsieur. It is not yet known what Bellieure has wrought. Is advertised he had 500,000 francs with him in ready money to bestow either towards the performance of the agreement made by the Queen Mother or else upon the particular captains. Can hardly be persuaded he would carry so much with him, or that they here would suffer so much to go that way. It is said the "vantcourers" of the reiters have been as far as Vaucouleurs, not far from St. Dizier, and almost as far as Langres in Burgundy. It is said they batter Toul upon hope of friendship of the town, who were Imperial of old and do not greatly favour the French. The Duke of Maine gives them the looking on. Leaves the advertisement of the Queen Mother's coming hither, and of the doings in Monsieur's camp, to the report of Sir Henry Cobham. It is time for the Queen Mother to be here, for neither can she bring her matters to pass in her absence by the means of them that work the other way, neither yet do her own friends of her own making stick to her according to her expectation, insomuch that the Chancellor begins to shrink from her. Men put it in the King's head daily that she leans over much to the part of Monsieur. La Mothe departed hence the 27th, he has been much employed and in great credit since his coming home, and always used in Council. Has written to the Queen by La Mothe a letter of officious compliments in the declaration of his courtesy and good usage since he came over.—Paris, 29 December 1575. Signed.
2. P.S.—News is come of the death of Valette.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Dec. 31. 526. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
Sir Henry Cobham was constrained to part without speaking with the King, for when he should have spoken to him the King went to see another Abbey not far from Monceaux as a part of his "novaine." As far as he could perceive they were not discontented that he should have his passport and depart at his pleasure. James Fitz Morris understanding he was known to be here shifted his lodging and now prepares to depart the town. Understands he has had some money, hard as the world is here for money, and has an assignation for a pension of 1,000 crowns yearly. He and Sir Henry Cobham, made means to have spoken with him, but he would not speak with them. Men look daily more and more for war, and they about the King still persuade him to prepare himself for war. Is cast back in Mr. Warcup's matter as far as ever he was; for Nutshawe he goes forward and looks to do good for him. Minds again to speak to the King for Warcup, because he had so good words of him at the last time he moved him of the matter.—Paris, last of Dec. 1575. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
[Dec.] 527. Instructions sent by the King to Monsieur, "apostilled."
1. The King desires that Monsieur shall not march with this foreign army, but dismiss them as soon as possible.
M. Bellieure can witness that the Monsieur had a most cordial understanding with Duke Casimir.
2. To be a means that the Prince of Condé will be content with Dourlens, as the King cannot exact obedience from the inhabitants of Peronne.
The Queen Mother knows from what has been written to her, that the Prince of Condé will be content with Dourlens.
3. That he draw those of the religion to him, and, keeping them in his obedience, the authority and commandment shall be his.
Monsieur does for each religion such things as he considers will be for the service of the King and the repose of the country.
4. He must consider how little means the King has to contribute to enterprises in Flanders, for he must give his poor people of France time to breathe and to come into a position to pay the reiters and other urgent and necessary debts. It is a considerable matter to throw an army into a strange country to be under the leadership of strangers, from whom neither the King or Monsieur have ever received any particular service.
Monsieur has no wish to enterprise anything except by the express commandment of the King.
5. That he will give the King to understand of his willingness for an interview to settle matters that could not be treated by third parties.
Monsieur has amply satisfied the contents of the present article.
6. With regard to the papers of the late Sieur de la Mole, which he has demanded, that he will be content with that which the Sieurs Despaux and de Boinciau have communicated to him.
He desires that the papers be burnt, and a copy made, that he may know all have been destroyed.
7. That he will take care of anything that touches the estate of Languedoc, and that he will send a trusty person to negotiate with them upon terms which he will understand from the King and will communicate to Monsieur.
Monsieur will do all that may contribute to the service of the King, not only in this province, but in other places.
8. He should make his commodity out of that which attracts to [the King of Navarre] so many of even those who call themselves his servants. [The King of Navarre] has practised to accept the offices of the King of France as having under his command forces of them of the religion.
Monsieur will on his part do his best to keep every one in the devotion of the King, and to cherish the King of Navarre as his good brother.
9. That he will not employ in these negotiations any persons but those who are equally trusted by both, and that the Sieur de la Mole, his councillor and chamberlain, shall be ordinarily employed.
Monsieur will act in this particular according to the good pleasure of the King.
Fr. Pp. 2.
528. Copy of the above.
Fr. Pp. 2.
529. Piracy.
Contents of M. Falvert's Letter.
1. The taking of the "Catherine" at Dover was judged by the King's steward at Dinan to be a good prize, because it was proved that it carried munition of gunpowder and other things to Rochelle, and conducted thither and brought back from thence Abraham Troune, secretary to the Prince of Condé, who was taken in the same ship with a great packet of letters about him and other remembrances of great importance. There was also in the same ship one Captain Moisonniere and his son.
2. Another ship of St. Malo, called "Le Sauveur," was taken by the "Castle of Comfort," a ship of Mr. Hawkings, as they were coming from the Levant. The goods of the said ship were valued at 60,000 crowns.
Supplication of the Inhabitants of St. Malo.
1. In March last "Le Plaisir," of 150 tons, valued at 20,000 francs, laden with wool and other merchandise, besides 10,000 crowns in money, was taken by four ships of Rochelle, which were for the most part manned by Englishmen, which ship was judged good prize at Rochelle and divided amongst them.
2. The "Catherine," of Dover, was found laden with the merchandise of "Le Plaisir," and another called "La Pouche," which was before taken coming from Spain.
3. "Le Sauveur" was taken about the coast of Ireland; the men were set on land at Baltimore and the ship brought to Chepstow.
4. A ship of Rouen, called "Le Petit More du Port," belonging to Peter Lacheray, taken on the 11th January 1574 by Steven Beacon and Richard Peacock, who compounded with Lord Clinton for her, and so she remained seized, and the goods sold to his use and profit, as appears by the writings passed between these three parties before the notary of Boston 11th March 1574. The valuation of the said ship and goods amounts to 400l. sterling.
Endd. P. 1.
530. Remonstrance of the inhabitants of St. Malo referred to in the above extract.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 5½.
531. The Queen to the King of France.
Assures him that he may accept in his own person the interpretation in her letter of the 25 May 1572 to his late brother of the treaty for the mutual defence of their crowns and kingdoms.
Copy. Endd. by Walsingham. Fr. P. ½.
532. Declaration of M. Danville.
Printed copy, dated Montpellier, 1575, of No. 1618 in the volume 1572–1574, it having been conjecturally dated 1574 and so calendared.
Tract. Fr. Pp. 13½.
533. Piracy.
Supplication to the Privy Council of Alderman Thomas Bond and other merchants for the Queen's letters to the King of France demanding that one Captain Landreau may be made to give some recompense for the great piracy of the "Pelican," of London, 200 tons, and the murder done upon Nicholas Fishborne and all the company thereof at Belleisle, now three years past. The suppliants have lost thereby 4,000l. sterling, besides two years and more continual suit and expenses of above 1,000l. sterling. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
534. Claims of Sturmius in France.
Account of John Sturmius showing how he is owed and demanding payment of 10,080 crowns, the said sum being the balance owed to him from disbursements, to Lady Roye, the wife of the Prince of Condé, M. Dandelot, the brother of the admiral, and the Queen of Navarre.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 12/3.
535. Supplication of the People of Paris to the King of France.
The bourgeois and citizens of Paris, consisting of the clergy, Court of Parliament, Chambre des Comptes, Court of Aids, Provost of Paris, and the bourgeois of each quarter, understanding of his command that 200,000 livres should be raised in Paris, humbly show him,—
1. That the civil discord in France has lasted since the year 1560, now 15 years ago, and that during that time he and his predecessors have had from Paris and other towns 36,000,000 francs, 60,000,000 raised by the clergy, besides other gifts and subsidies and now at the present time the state of the country is no better than at the beginning of the troubles and the lives of many of his subjects sacrificed. What makes their condition harder to bear is the malicious rejoicing of their neighbours at their misfortunes.
2. The cause whereof is not hidden or secret, arising as it does from the universal corruption of the realm. Simony is openly permitted. Benefices are held by married gentlewomen, who employ the revenues far differently to the intention of the founders. The people are left without religious instruction and thus stray from the true religion. There is but little justice to be obtained through the venality of the tribunals, causing their neighbours to hold them in abomina tion. The number of those holding office is very great and part of them notoriously incapable, and the rest poor being thereby prone to evil actions. Justice is further impeded by the impunity with which murder is committed. Great cruelties and barbarities are committed by the foot soldiers and by the gendarmerie, which does not now consist of gentlemen but of persons of vile condition. Not only by these but by the soldiers of his guard is pillage made on the houses of his people, ecclesiastical holdings, and hospitals even in Paris itself, so that the poor cannot obtain common necessaries, there is much murmuring thereat. They further show from the various amounts demanded of them during the late years how impossible it is for them to pay such great sums as are demanded.
3. They therefore pray him to conclude a peace by which quiet may be restored to the realm, the abuses abolished, and the necessity for so much great expenditure done away with.
Fr. Pp. 7⅓.
536. Fugitives from the Low Countries.
Petition of Ebrardus, Heracleus, and nine other fugitives from the Low Countries on account of religion, that they may be allowed to practise their different trades for their sustenance.—Signed by the petitioners, specifying the calling of each.
Endd. by Burghley: Certain poor men to be made denizens. Lat. P. 1.
537. The Commendator of Castile's Answer to the Queen of England's Ambassador.
Although for many evident reasons it is not convenient to permit any course of merchandise by the river of Scheldt during the rebellion, and Englishmen ought in all reason to be content to be used as other subjects, nevertheless seeing the Queen so much desires the passage, the Commendator is content that the Merchant Adventurers and the Staplers may enter and go out of the said river on their giving assurance that they will not traffic with the rebels or pay them for the passage or otherwise assist them. The merchants are to give sureties for the observance of these conditions, and not to come with more than four or five vessels at one time, and shall be liable to search. The griefs of late done to the King of Spain's subjects in England shall be redressed. He will cause the Queen's rebels to be banished from the Low Countries if the "reciproke" is done in England. Demands that all intercourse with the revolted towns of Holland and Zealand shall be forbidden to the Queen of England's subjects. There is no cause why those who have retired out of England for their conscience sake only living quietly in the ancient religion in which they have been brought up, should be expelled.
Draft with notes in Burghley's writing. Endd. Pp. 32/3.
538. Complaints of the Commendator Requescens to Dr. Wilson.
Notwithstanding the treaties for free intercourse between the Queen of England and the King Catholic, the subjects of the latter find themselves many ways stopped therein, especially in the bringing in and selling of wrought wares and the buying of pelts, and by the various extortions of the customers and other officers of the Queen for which the Commendator requires redress. Desires that they may be discharged of bringing in bowstaves, and that the officers of the Cinque Ports may be forbidden to arrest their persons or goods. Complains of other extortions and vexatious restrictions, the increase of the charge for anchorage, and the payment of compulsory pilotage to the Trinity House, all of which he desires may be remedied.
Draft translation with notes in the margin in Burghley's writing. Endd. Pp. 4.
539. Discourse on Flanders.
A consideration of the dangers that may accrue to England through the ambition of the King of Spain if the Prince of Orange and the Low Countries were subdued, which might be obviated by sending a powerful army to Brabant, which might seize on Louvain and other towns and might assist the Duke of Alençon.
Endd. Fr. P. 1.
540. Complaints of English Merchants.
1. Answer to the complaints exhibited by Daniel Rogers touching certain English merchants pretending themselves to be endamaged by certain ships of war of his Excellency set forth by the town of Flushing according to the contents of a certain roll written in parchment under the seal of the Admiralty of England, containing 23 leaves and dated 16 May 1575.
2. Also an answer to another writing exhibited 12 July 1575.
3. Third answer to further complaints, dated 26 June 1575.
Endd. Pp. 11¼.
541. Copy in Dutch of the last two answers.
Endd. Pp. 5⅓.
542. A Discourse on Flanders.
A discourse whether it be requisite for the Queen to aid the Prince of Orange against the Spaniards, notwithstanding the league between her and the House of Burgundy. Although generally it is most dangerous for Princes to enter into wars, it is dangerous not to attempt them when they are for the purpose of safety. Intelligence has been given of a confederacy made at the last Council of Trent of all Catholic Princes for the rooting out by violence of all those who profess the gospel. The Duke's repair into the Low Countries tended not only to the appeasing of the troubles there, but also to the invasion of England, as the appointed executor of the said confederacy in that part of Europe. This intention is shown by the practice of the Spanish ambassador in England; the strange usage of the Duke towards the Queen, his disdainful answers to the English merchants in the Low Countries, and the great brags and threats made in Spain and Flanders against England. So the Queen can have no juster cause for war than the existence of this confederacy. To the objection that it is unlawful to aid the Prince of Orange, who is reputed a rebel, the King of Spain, through the provocation of the Pope, having sought to plant the Inquisition in the Low Countries, the nobility forseeing that this would lead to uproar and civil dissension amongst the people, privately dealt with the Regent (Margaret of Parma), and finding no redress, sent a supplication into Spain by two noblemen, where it was slightly regarded. The people, however, grew to arms, and the Prince of Orange and others of the nobility joined with them.
Draft unfinished. Endd. Pp. 3.
543. Exhortation to those of Antwerp.
A warning to them not to be induced to take part with the Spaniards against the rest of the Low Countries, maintaining by examples from history and by nature the lawfulness of the deposition of princes on account of misgovernment, tyranny, or cruelty. "Above 200,000 persons pitifully so with fire as with the rope, and with the sword have been destroyed without an innumerable sight of poor folks who have been banished out of their native country." Probably later, 1580.
Translated out of Dutch. Pp. 19¼.
544. The Queen's Answer to the Hollanders.
In case the King of Spain and his ministers shall not agree to give them liberty of exercising their religion her Majesty can be content to receive them into her protection.
Endd., 1575. P. 1.
545. Embassy of Sir Henry Cobham in Spain.
First he declared to the King the zealous desire the Queen had to continue the good amity and ancient league, giving him to understand how his evil advised ministers have been the disturbers of their mutual intelligence. The King's answer was how he received contentation in that her Majesty had sent him, whereby he was informed so much of her good mind, assuring him how he in like sort was determined to continue all good friendship and confederacy, and to maintain the league made by his predecessors, and for the rest of Cobham's particularities he would consider them, and cause the Duke of Alva to deliver his answer, with whom his pleasure was that he should communicate all his negotiations.
Conference with the Duke of Alva in the presence of Secretary Cayas.
First, he declared that Boischot was answered by the Queen how she would perform so much, touching the seven articles which he had propounded as she was bound by former treaties; the Queen had further inclination to grant the King's requests for his better satisfaction if presently the complaints of the English merchants of the cruel and severe dealings of the Inquisition had not been a stay thereunto.
The Duke declared that the Queen's answer to Boischot was not according to the meaning of the capitulations, and, therefore, the King required that she would perform as much as Boischot demanded, which was that arms should be levied against the rebels in Flanders, with perfect order that her subjects might not traffic with them; but if the meaning would not be so understood, that Commissioners of both parts might be appointed to the intent all doubts and difficulties might be for ever taken away.
Freedom of the Ambassador for the use of his Religion.
He declared to the Duke that the Queen could be content that there should be ambassadors leger on both parts, so as her ambassador might have the exercise of his religion for himself and his family, they being her natural subjects. To this the Duke answered, that all ambassadors in the King of Spain's Court lived catholicly, and if the Queen's ambassador would so do he should be welcome, otherwise the King could no more licence him than the Duke himself, for the estate authority and government of religion was in the hands of another power, which power the King was bound to maintain and assist. The Duke herewith asked him how it was that by this extraordinary privilege was demanded now more than heretofore, unto which he replied that since the reformation of religion in England the Queen's ambassadors had lived in Spain with that liberty which appertained to them so far as her Majesty might understand, but because Mr. Man had been troubled disorderly by the Inquisition, she had abstained from sending any other, and now would be assured that no such injury should be hereafter offered to any of her ministers.
The King's Answer delivered by the Duke of Alva.
When the Duke delivered the writings of the King's answer, finding nothing touching the demand for the ambassador and his family, the Duke said that more than was therein contained could not be granted, but that the King required the Queen to send a Catholic or such a one as would not be a dealer in matters of religion, but attend to preserve the mutual amity, and above all things, that he should come well admonished how he and his family were to observe the order given by the Inquisition, for none other could be allowed for any cause or respect. There is not to be any new negotiation concerning the King's ambassador, for that the Queen knows how he is to have full liberty for the use of his sacraments as all Spanish ambassadors have had heretofore.
Conference touching the King's subjects in the Low Countries.
To his signifying the great dangers which might arise if he did not prevent the French practices in the Low Countries, and offering the Queen's mediation between the King and his revolted subjects, the King only answered with words of thanks for the Queen's care, and that he had done the like office by her and would ever be mindful of her causes.
Conference with the Duke concerning this article.
That the King had offered to his rebels in the Low Countries pardon at two several times, and that none of their privileges were taken away from them. The King means to adventure all his States rather than license the exercise of any other religion than the Roman Catholic. Notwithstanding the excesses of those of the Low Countries, yet as it has pleased the Queen to entreat for them, the King is content to receive them at her hands, they submitting themselves.
Cobham also demanded the release of the goods and men seized by the Inquisition.
Endd. Pp. 4.
[Dec]. 546. English Subjects in Spain.
The King's ratification of his promise made to Sir Henry Cobham, touching the liberty of the Queen of England's subjects trafficking into Spain. They are not to be molested in their persons or goods provided that they behave decently and do nothing openly to offend the Inquisition. In case of transgression the goods of the offender only are to be liable.
Endd. Span. P. 1.
547. Another copy.
Endd. Span. P. 1.
548. English Subjects in Spain.
The Duke of Alva has informed Sir Henry Cobham that the orders given by the Inquisition must be observed by all foreigners in Spain. The Queen of England's, subjects are not to be molested for anything contrary to them done abroad. They must, however, salute the sacrament of the Host in churches and when they happen to meet it in the street. If offenders happen to be masters or officers of ships their own personal property alone is to be held liable.
Span. P. 2/3.
549. The King of Spain's intention touching Flanders.
The King intends to incorporate all the provinces of the Low Countries into a kingdom to be called Lower Germany, with Brussels as its capital. He will make laws for the preservation of the Catholic religion, but they shall not go by the odious term of Inquisition. Certain number of Bishops to be appointed to reside in the country. The ordinary forms of councils to be abolished in the different towns, and an officer to be appointed by the King with right of access to the senates and assemblies of the cities. Citadels to be built in all the towns, and the inhabitants to be disarmed. An arsenal to be established at Mechlin, where munitions and arms shall be kept sufficient for an army of 40,000 or 50,000. A fleet of 20 or 30 vessels to be equipped to keep the seas free from pirates, especially English. The fortresses to be furnished with garrisons of Spaniards, Italians, and strangers, as the people of the country are more given to industry than war. The King will confirm the provinces and towns in all privileges of commerce and traffic. A general pardon to be granted to all the commons for past tumults, but their leaders to be subject to justice, which the King promises shall be administered rather with mercy than rigour.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 5¾.
550. War with Spain.
A discourse by the Chancellor of England on the prudence of openly breaking with Spain, which he objects to on the grounds of infirmity in finance, military, and naval resources and useful allies, recommending that the Prince of Orange and the Low Countries should be secretly succoured.
Fr. Pp. 12.
551. Piracies.
List of names, chiefly Dutch, endorsed "the names of such persons as are confessed to have been in the ship that spoiled me."
P. 1.
552. Affairs of Flanders.
The informant believes that the French offers of assistance are merely for the purpose of preventing them from preparing against the enemy, and that when they shall be overcome that the King of Spain will give the greater part of the country to the Duke of Alençon, together with his daughter, on condition that he punishes his enemies. That the Duke of Alençon has given or will give Holland and Zealand to the Prince of Orange; that then the Kings of France and Spain will together attack England and Scotland, as well as all Protestants. Thinks that a large army in Brabant would suffice to guard against all treachery, and if necessary to drive the Spaniards and French out of the Low Countries, when they, together with England and Scotland, would be so strong that they need not fear any future wars. This army should be formed whilst Antwerp is still powerful, and it will be necessary that the Queen should lend them six "tonnes d'or" at interest, for which they would give Sluys as a security. If this money is lent by England they should also have 3,000 English infantry and 500 cavalry, and those of Brabant and Antwerp should bring 2,000 cavalry, which would bring their force up to 3,000 horsemen. Duke Casimir should also bring 2,000 cavalry, and they would place their army in Louvain. The Duke of Alençon might also assist the malcontents in Artois and Hainault. The Princes of Germany would defend Duke Casimir's dominions if they were invaded. The town of Antwerp will be able to supply large sums of money, and they may expect assistance from Ghent and the country of "Wast." Colonel Norris should be placed in command of the English, as he knows the country well, and has always been friendly with the French.
Endd.: "The discourse of the man of Antwerp." Fr. Pp. 32/3.
553. Affairs of Flanders.
A discourse consisting of 37 articles to prove by historical precedents the right of the Estates of Flanders to defend their privileges by force against the tyranny of the King of Spain.
Endd. Pp. 8½.
554. Affairs of the Borders.
The means to repair the decay of horsemen and other disorders upon the Borders:—
First. Commissioners should be appointed to decide on the debateable ground.
Secondly. Her Majesty's tenants to have their tenements at reasonable rates, and not have them taken over their heads, but to have leases, and some order to be taken with the gentlemen of the country for the better using of their tenants, and to force such as have livings there to dwell there.
Thirdly. To avoid all Scots out of Northumberland, saving fishers, colliers, and such others, and these to be denizens, and to put in sureties for their good behaviour.
Endd. P. ½.
555. The Dutch Church.
Copy of a letter sent into Flanders demanding the release of three members of the Dutch church, who had been imprisoned whilst travelling about their own affairs, and threatening reprisals in case of refusal.—No date, address, or signature.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 2.
556. Daniel Silvester to —.
Is so much beholden to the company that he is bound to do and wish the best he may for them, and as he shuns ungrateful encroaching, so he desires such reasonable consideration as his place of service and upright dealing deserves. No one is better acquainted with the Prince and affairs of Russia than he is. Wherefore he requests that when the time of his service shall be expired, whereof one half year is to come, they will firmly ratify to him during life, or continuance of their trade, such stipend as shall be reasonable for his attendance here, and not otherwise be driven to seek for his further and assured stay, and when they shall have occasion to employ him beyond the seas that they shall not only have further consideration for his pains taken, but also of his charges and expenses. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
557. Silvester's Mission to Russia.
The points wherein the Emperor was not fully satisfied.
In Silvester's writing. P. ½.
558. Complaint of Piracy.
Complaint of piracies by the English.
Endd. in Spanish: Copy of capitulations by the Duke de Feria. Fr. P. ¼.