Elizabeth: June 1576

Pages 337-346

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 11, 1575-1577. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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June 1576

June 1. 805. Occurrents In France.
Commission was given yesterday to put M. de Montagu, Lieutenant of the Prince of Condé, in possession of Peronne. The inhabitants retired thence with their goods to neighbouring towns. A garrison is sent to Abbeville. Yesterday morning a placard was attached to the street corners with threats against the first President and President Seguier. The King takes a quarter of their wages from all the officers of the kingdom. Order was to-day given by the council that all grants of the King should be reviewed in Council. The Count of Vantadour, Governor of Limousin, will not publish the Edict, saying it is not what was accorded between the King and Monsieur. Monsieur is at Bar-sur-Aube with the reiters. The King of Navarre is at Niort. The journey of M. de Bellieure is accomplished. To-morrow should be assembled the chamber, nominated by the Edict. Tours and Angers are not willing to submit to Monsieur.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
June 3. 806. Occurrents in France.
The Sieur de Bellieure departs in three days towards Duke Casimir for divers matters. Deputies go from Duke Casimir to take possession of Estampes and of Chateau Thierry. It is ordered that all moneys in the hands of the receiver-general be brought to the Louvre for the payment of Duke Casimir; 10,000 livres were brought yesterday evening from Paris towards the 600,000 livres to be given to him. The King of Navarre has crossed the Loire on the way to Guienne and Bearn. There is discontent among those of the religion that those concerned in making peace looked only to themselves. Yesterday morning the clergy met at the house of the Cardinal of Bourbon to take steps to hinder exercise of religion in such places as belonged to them. An enterprise for a massacre at Orleans is discovered.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
June 5. 807. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
The Princess of Navarre is sent to the King her brother. The reiters are not like to have above 300,000 francs at this time; they looked for 1,700,000. Monsieur is constrained to abide near Duke Casimir, for his army is much disbanded. La Mothe is returned from Bourges, and says St. Aigneau is in quiet possession both of the town and castle for Monsieur. La Charité refuses utterly to receive Monsieur. The King sends to-day or to-morrow to Duke Casimir to pacify him. Sends the copy of the secret articles not contained in the Edict.—Paris, 5 June 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
June 5. 808. Occurrents in France.
The delay in the payment of the 600,000 livres proceeds from the non-payment of their imposts by them of Paris, who will melt down two great silver vases and a silver horse and coin them into 3,000 livres. M. de Bellieure has charge to obtain 60,000 livres for the payment of the Swiss; he can find none willing to lend. The clergy will not consent to the King's demand for the sale of property to the value of 100,000 crowns, and are much miscontented.
Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 5. 809. Advertisements from Ratisbon.
Several envoys, deputies, and councillors are already present, but the Emperor has not yet arrived. The States of Poland have not yet convened for the election of King; the greater and most influential favour the Emperor, but the rest the Palatine of Transylvania, whom it is reported they have crowned, whose portrait the writer encloses.
Incomplete. Endd.: Non. Junii 1576. Lat. P. 2/3.
June 9. 810. Monsieur of France to the Queen.
Takes advantage of the coming over of Mr. Wilkes, whom he recommends to her consideration, to acquaint her of the conclusion of peace, which is partly attributable to her favour and good offices. She may expect to hear more of his matters by the Sieur de Plessis.—Chatillon, 9 June 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 9. 811. The Prince of Condé to the Queen.
Assures her of his service, with other compliments. Commends Mr. Wilkes to her.—Chatillon, 9 June 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
[June 11.] 812. Loan of Money at Cologne.
1. Copy of the instructions given to Roland Fox sent over to Cologne to take up money in the end of 1575, especially 100,000 dollars from a certain widow named Hilton.
2. Copy of the instructions given by the Privy Council to Robert Colshill, Christopher Hudson, and Edward Castelyn sent into Germany for the taking up certain sums of money 11 June 1576. They are to take up not more than 200,000li for 10 and not less than seven years at the rate of six per cent. per annum. If the money is paid in bullion they are to see that it contains at least 11oz 2dwt of silver, and 8dwt of copper, according to the standard of England. They are to assure the money both by sea and land, and provide chests to contain it. A pension of 100 dollars to be given to Furstemburg.
3. Copy of commission for the taking up of the money by the above-mentioned persons, in Latin.—Greenwich, 20 May 1576.
4. Copy of the safe-conduct for the said commissioners, in Latin, dated at Greenwich, 20 May 1576.
5. Copy of the bond of the city of London, in Latin.— Guildhall, 1576.
6. Copy of the Queen's bond, in Latin.
Pp. 6.
June 12. 813. Dr. Dale to the Privy Council.
Respecting the goods of one Oliver Fisher which have been seized by the Crown of France in virtue of the droit d'aubaine, and granted to one of the physicians of the Queen Mother, Fisher had given these goods over to Thomas Morrice in consideration of certain debt, but they cannot be recovered. It is urged that the droit d'aubaine still exists, the English not having allowed the creation of a staple in France, on the ground that they are so evil used, and therefore the doing away with the droit d'aubaine provided for in the same treaty has no effect, but Dale doubts if one depends on the other.—Paris, 12 June 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
[June]. 814. Dr. Dale to the Council of France.
Says that though they urge the English are still subject to the droit d'aubaine because of the non-erection of the staple, yet that fault is to be imputed to the French, not to the English. Prays them to do what is right with regard to the goods of him of whom they are discussing (Oliver Fisher).
Endd. Lat. Enclosure. Pp. 1¼.
June 12. 815. Dr. Dale to Burghley.
Has written to the Lords of the Council touching the Aubaine as being a matter of such weight and the only commodity the Queen's subjects have by the treaty, and although the merchants have unadvisedly given occasion that the breach may seem to come of them, yet it would be a good deed to remedy it, that the Queen's subjects may enjoy the benefit of that which she has so carefully provided by the treaty. It is hard dealing here in such cases with them that are both judges and parties.—Paris, 12 June 1576. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ¾.
June 12. 816. Dr. Dale to Burghley.
Sends various papers whereby it will appear how far the King has proceeded in the execution of this peace. Understands Monsieur has Bourges, and the King is in possession of La Charité, to deliver it to him at his pleasure. Bellieure is gone with 300,000 francs to Casimir. Peronne resists the Prince of Condé. The King will not permit any preaching in Metz, thought most part of the town are of the religion, and desire it. It is said they have begun preaching openly in Caen. How the reiters will be content with this piece of money, and whether they will depart without the rest, or whether the King will depart with the money unless they will depart the realm, is yet uncertain, but the Queen Mother says she will provide more money by the end of this month. Understands the King retains the greatest part of his forces still, whether it be for policy defensive or offensive God knoweth.—Paris, 12 June 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
June 15. 817. The Queen to Sir Robert Constable.
Directs him to use diligence in calling in of debts due to Sir Valentine Browne intended for the supply of the victualling, and recommends that they should rather be paid in the shape of corn.
Rough draft. Endd: 15 June 1576. Pp. 1¼.
June 19. 818. Humfrey Jeney to Lord Burghley.
Has thought since his last letter to his Lordship from Flanders how he was far too bold to ask his favour to her Majesty for favour at his return home, as he had never served him, and therefore begs his pardon. As he heard not from him he accepted conditions abroad in Lombardy with provision as good as any of his nation, where he is, with his duty reserved to the King, ready and most affected to his Queen and country.—Milan, 19 July. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
June 19. 819. Instructions for Sir William Winter.
1. Whereas the Merchant Adventurers and other Her Majesty's subjects have at this present under arrest at Flushing a mass of merchandize amounting to nearly 200,000li in value, and finding but one of the three following ways is to be taken for the help of this, to wit persuasion, slight, or threats, it is thought good that he should proceed by degrees and begin with persuasion. He shall therefore declare to the Prince of Orange that the Queen and Council, upon consideration of his answer sent to excuse his not releasing the ships, conceive the same to consist of two points, to wit objections and requests. For reply to the objections he is to let him understand touching the four ships at Falmouth that the only cause of the continuance of their stay was upon the arrest of the ships of the Merchant Adventurers; and further he is to signify Her Majesty's displeasure at his distrusting her ministers' assurance for their release. He is further to assure him that the commission directed to the judges of the Admiralty to examine into Southwick's complaints shall be revoked if he will release her subject's ships. Thirdly, where he seems to be greatly aggrieved with the Queen's sharp letter to him for the release of Giraldi's wife, he is to let him understand that about the same time that Giraldi's wife was taken Her Majesty was greatly grieved with the sundry and daily complaints of her subjects who were spoiled by those of Flushing. Fourthly, where the Prince finds himself aggrieved for that as he conceives he was proclaimed rebel he is to let him understand that he has been wrongly informed of the truth of the circumstances. Fifthly, where he complains of the evil usage of his commissioners sent to England, being sent away without reward, threatenings used towards them, and being long entertained with delays, they can say the contrary, as they received a very honorable and bountiful reward; they were certainly told that the Queen would not endure that the French should have any footing in the Low Countries; and if the weightiness of the matter be considered there is no reason why fault should be found with long deliberation. Sixthly, where it is alleged that they were promised that within 14 days the answer made by the Governor of Flanders to the Queen's minister touching the surcease of arms, their strange manner of proceeding by continuing the arrest gave her Majesty just cause to make stay in that behalf, seeing their unthankful dealing towards her. Having dealt in this sort with him touching his objections, if shall press for answer to his requests, he shall proceed as follows. Where he desires that the Queen's subjects may be inhibited from traffic with Flanders their late usage has been so hard and outrageous that without any inhibition (whereunto in honour Her Majesty cannot yield) it is likely that of themselves they will forbear to repair thither. He is also to say that the Queen cannot yield to his petition for borrowing 100,000 angels from the merchant Adventurers, "for the name of borrowing; set apart, the matter is rather a constraint than otherwise."
2. After answering these objections and requests Winter shall of himself, as pitying his estate, lay before him how this kind of dealing may hurt the whole cause which he professes, for if these matters grow to further unkindness, instead of the refuge and safety which the inhabitants of the Low Countries have had in England, they may be cast out and driven to come to their enemies, who still seek their blood; the cause of which misery proceeding from the Prince's contemptuous dealing with her Majesty cannot but render him odious to all good men, and in the end the greatest force of the smart will light on himself, for from hence, if he yields not to the restitution, he is to look for nothing but hostility, his means of victualling and munitions cut off, and his access to her Majesty's ports restrained. Furthermore, as he seems to conceive that the Queen's estate and safety depends, on his up fortune Winter shall as of himself advise him not to be abused with that imagination, for whether he stand or fall the King of Spain will as greatly need the amity of England as England that of Spain, and besides, the Queen's forces are not so weak and feeble but that she is able to defend herself against the said King or any other prince. "By the way you may let fall that in the judgment of the world the aptest mean for Her Majesty to withstand or prevent the peril that he conceives might grow to her by his overthrow were to join with the King of Spain against him."
3. If after the delivery of the speeches Winter finds the Prince will not be induced to yield to restitution he shall proceed to the second degree, and that is by practice and device to find out some way (though it be with hazard) for the stealing away of the said ships to Antwerp or England as the wind shall be most favourable, the execution whereof is referred to his discretion. And in case neither by persuasion or practice can the release of the ships be procured he shall proceed to the third degree, letting him plainly understand that her Majesty is fully resolved to prosecute this injury with all hostility, not only by her own forces and subjects but by all other means, in revenge of this dishonour received at his hands. After this denunciation he and Beale shall immediately return. During his abode he is to inform himself of the state of the forces placed in the towns, and how they are fortified, and what landing places are apt for descent. Moreover, in case there is no hope of restitution, he is to give secret warning to Edward Berkley and other English captains serving the Prince of Orange either to retire into England or some of the towns in the King of Spain's possession, or otherwise to devise how to possess themselves of some place of importance pertaining to the Prince, fit also by situation to be kept by them, and to receive relief from England.—19 June 1576.
Draft corrected by Burghley. Pp. 15½.
820. Another draft of later portion of the above.
Pp. 2½.
821. Another draft corrected by Burghley.
Endd. 19 June 1576. Pp. 2.
June 20. 822. Garrison of Berwick.
"The whole number of men in pay, and their ordinary entertainments appointed to be paid by the Treasurer of Berwick at several rates, according to the establishment signed by Her Majesty 20 June 1576, and other warrants given since that time." Men 980, money 13,700li.
Endorsed by Burghley. Pp. 1½.
June 20. 823. The Regent Morton to Lord Burghley.
Desires a passport for Mr George Halkett, conservator of the Scottish privileges in Flanders, who is returning through England to that country.—Dalkeith, 20 June 1576. Signed: "James Regent."
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
June 20. 824. Instructions for Mr. Robert Bowes, Treasurer of Berwick.
First, he is to receive yearly by two half-yearly payments from the receivers of the revenues of York 8,000li, from Lincoln 3,000li, and from the revenues of Northumberland and Durham 4,000li, to be employed in payment of all the Queen's charges that shall be due in those parts at the Feast of St. John Baptist and St. Andrew the Apostle within 14 days next after the receipt of every half-year's rent of the said treasure. In the issuing and defraying of this mass of treasure as well as all further sums as shall come into his hands he shall be guided by a book of establishment and rates signed by the Queen and dated 20 June 1576, which shall be left with him for the better execution of his duty. He shall pay the Governor and head officers of Berwick their wages therein limited upon acquittances testifying their due satisfaction for the same. Payments to the captains, officers, or soldiers are to be subscribed with the hands of the Governor or Marshal and the clerk of the cheque, who are likewise to subscribe all payments made to the preacher, mayor, master, mason, surgeon, and all other officers, soldiers, and persons within the said garrison. He is not to exceed the numbers and charge contained in the said book of establishment without the Queen's special warrant, except upon great and weighty considerations seen to the Governor and Council, which he shall immediately advertise to the Queen or Council. He is to pay the master of the ordnance all such sums as he shall lay out in his charge according to a perfect book expressing the particulars of all such expenses which shall likewise be subscribed by the Governor or Marshal and the Controller of the Works. A similar book is to be made of all expenses and charges of the works and fortifications, which shall be certified every month to the Queen or Privy Council. List of allowances for the Paymaster, Controller, and surveyor of the works, under different circumstances. He is himself to have in addition to all such wages and fees as are assigned to his office in the said Book of Establishment the sum of 26li 13s 4d as an allowance for house rent. He is to have a further allowance of 20s. in every 100li by him received for the charges of transportation of treasure. Postage and other requisites are to be paid out of such money as comes to his hands.
Endd.: June 20. Pp. 92/3.
June 20. 825. Instructions for the Surveyor of Berwick.
Copy of that part of Mr. Robert Bowes instructions that concern the payment of the surveyor of works at Berwick. If the charges for the works are under 200li a year he is to have besides his ordinary stipend 22d per diem in reward, but if they exceed that sum he is to have in all 3s 2d per diem; if over 500li the sum of 4s 2d, and if over 1500li the sum of 5s 10d.
Endd. P. 1.
June 22. 826. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
It were better for him to use congratulations in the Queen's name to the King for this peace, that she sent him some letter to deliver to countenance his speech, for the King is daily discouraged, and therefore it were the more requisite the Queen encouraged him. He would be glad she liked of his constancy in the execution of the peace; and the Queen Mother would rejoice to have some commendation both for making and execution of the peace. La Charité is at the devotion of Monsieur, but with condition to have a Catholic for Governor. Bellieure is ready to pay Duke Casimir 300,000 francs, and 200,000 more are going from hence with assurance for the rest to make up two millions. Touching the Low Countries, as far as he can learn, the King plays on both hands and has promised to send his reiters to the King of Spain and 1,200 shot to the Prince of Orange.—Paris, 22 June 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
June 23. 827. M. Villiers to Walsingham.
Commends to him the bearer, M. de Martines, Councillor of the Court of the Parliament of Brittany and superintendent of the affairs of M. de Laval, a man worthy as well from his piety as his condition. A week ago they preached publicly at Rouen, and without any tumult. M. de Meru is governor for Monsieur of Mantes and Meulan.—London, 23 June 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
June 23. 828. R. Colshill to Lord Burghley
On Corpus Christi day a sudden mutiny fell among the Almains in garrison here under Count Hannibal to the number of 1,500, who killed one burgess and wounded sundry, but by giving them two dollars apiece and making promise for a better provision for them by the States they be appeased. That night the Flushingers burnt a village called Oysterwell [Austrawel] not two miles from the town and took 200 oxen and 100 horses, and next day to the number of 17 sail chased four of the King's galleys under the bulwark at the town's end, between whom was long and great shot without hurt to any party.
It is said that Count Hannibal and his regiments shall be discharged, and Count Overstein shall come in his place, and M. Champagny shall hold the governorship. The King minds to send mariners from Biscay for the new vessels and, ships in the haven. One Ingram Thwynge, naming himself servant to the late Earl of Northumberland, has humbly required his letters to Burghley for his pardon, which with sharpness he has denied, except in recompense of his sundry treasons he would betray or disclose some worthy matter; who answered that he knew nothing, yet to this is he come that, having promise of pardon, he will do hereafter great service and deliver sundry packets of letters, and disclose sundry practises as he can learn them.
The English traitors utter much malice against Her Majesty, as do likewise the Spaniards. At Calais, on his arrival, he noted the town much amended, and great traffic, and but a small garrison.
In the galleys here are many English continually tormented, for whom he begs that some mercy may be procured. Reminds him of his promise that nothing shall be done in the commission of Her Majesty's lands, wherein he is a poor officer.—Antwerp, 23 June 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 22/3.
June 25. 829. Dr. Dale to Burghley.
Monsieur has sent in haste to the King that Duke Casimir's reiters will not depart without their whole money which was promised them, and that it is to be feared the reiters which have served the King will join with them against him; wherewith the Council here is much troubled. The King with a very few is gone to Gallion in Normandy, and from thence to go to Dieppe to the intent the young Queen may be bathed in the salt water the sooner to conceive with child, other cause of the voyage men cannot learn. Monsieur cannot depart from the reiters until they be satisfied.—Paris, June 25, 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 28. 830. Hans Landschadt to Katherine, Duchess of Suffolk.
Has received no answer to his previous applications. Desires some reward for his services to the English crown portly rendered through the learned Johan Sturm rector of Strasburg University.—Zweibruck, 28 June 1576. Signed.
Add. Endd. German. Pp. 5.
To the Lord President of York.
June 30. 831. Requiring him to assist Sir Valentine Browne in the recovery of certain corn, money, and provisions by him laid out for the furniture of the town of Berwick.
Rough draft. Endd. 30 June 1576. Pp. 2¼.
[June]. 832. Calculation of Time.
The suspension, being for six weeks, will last till the 15th July. The notification as to the end of the suspension was to be made before that, that is, about the 30th June. The ratification shall be within three weeks after the 15th July, that is, about the 5th August. Parliament will meet about the 21st August, but the time at which they will come to a resolution on these matters is uncertain.
Endd. Fr. P. ½.
833. Translation of the above in Burghley's handwriting, with some few disconnected notes in another hand.
Endd. P. ¾.