Elizabeth: June 1577

Pages 587-610

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 11, 1575-1577. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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June 1577

June 1. 1449. [Myn de Lyre] to Antonio Guerras.
Letter apparently containing shipping intelligence from Bilboa.—1 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Span. Pp. 1½.
June 2. 1450. The Prince of Orange to the Queen.
Is greatly honoured by the letter she wrote to him by M. de Melleville, and also for the favourable audience she accorded to that gentleman. Assures her of his desire, and the desire of the Estates of Holland and Zealand, to serve her, whereof he has requested Mr. Sidney, her ambassador with the Emperor, to more particularly declare to her.— Dortrecht, 2 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 2. 1451. The Princess of Orange to the Queen.
Is honoured by the letter she sent her by M. de Melleville. It has pleased God to give her another daughter, whereby she assures her that the number of her faithful servants is increased, and she prays the child may be brought up to a knowledge of the singular virtues that make her Majesty great among Princes.—Dortrecht, 2 June 1577. Signed.
Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 2. 1452. The Prince of Orange to Walsingham.
Thanks him for the good affection he has shown for the advancement of the affairs of this country, and begs him to continue his good offices and keep him always in the good opinion of the Queen.—Dortrecht, 2 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
June 3. 1453. Wilson to Walsingham.
Trusts he received his letter by the ordinary post of Bruges the 24th May. The Viscount of Ghent came this day and told him he was appointed by his Highness to go on in his voyage as ambassador to England. Understands his instructions are to use all compliments for maintenance of amity and to dissuade alliance with the Prince of Orange. Don John minds very shortly to meet the Queen of Navarre at Valenciennes, and has given order to Count Lalain for her entertainment at Mons. There are several posts sent to give advertisement of her approaching. No doubt there will be matter propounded touching England, because the Bishop of Glasgow comes in her company, who ever carries mischief about with him, and without fail will deal for his mistress.— Brussels, 3 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 5. 1454. Don John of Austria to the Queen.
Sends to her the Viscount of Ghent, Governor of Artois, to advertise her of the pacification made in the Low Countries, and to assure her of the desire of the King of Spain and himself to keep in amity with her and with all their neighbours. —Brussels, 5 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. Broadside.
June 6. 1455. Pietro Bizarri to Walsingham.
The controversy between the Elector of Cologne and the Council (of Cologne), which was thought to be settled, has broken out again with more bitterness than ever. It is thought it will be referred to the Chamber of the Empire at Spires. This town 60 or 70 years ago was ruled by the nobility, but now it is governed by the populace to the exclusion of the nobility, and is so rich that it is supposed to have 20,000,000 of gold in the public treasury, having had peace for a long time. Lazarus Swendi told him, however, the town owed as much to good fortune as to management. The Elector Palatine has at length returned from the baths at Ems, near Coblentz, where were the Landgrave and many princes and lords of Germany. The Count John of Nassau is said to levy a number of cavalry and infantry. The town of Utrecht has gone over to the Prince of Orange.— Cologne, 6 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 3.
June 8. 1456. Wilson to Burghley.
M. Dassonville has been the chiefest to devise the instructions of the Viscount of Ghent, and to advise him how to deal. Don John, seeing the Prince unwilling to enter into conference till the Almains be removed, minds upon Monday next to go to Mechlin to persuade them with three months' pay and the rest within two years, which offer hitherto they have refused. The Queen of Navarre is looked for to come to Spa, the Dukes of Nevers, and Montmorency, the Cardinals of Bourbon and Guise, and the Bishop of Glasgow and many others coming with her. It is hardly thought the Estates will agree that Don John shall go so far as Valenciennes to meet her until things be in better terms. The people of the town are very importune for him to remove from his person Escovedo, Gonzaga, and others, which highly offends him. M. de Heze, that had 5,000 florins by patent of Don John at Louvain, has given up the same again, which much troubles and annoys him. Sees he fears more than he is feared, and so far governs and directs as it pleases the Estates in matters of moment. The house of Croye wholly follows his humour, whereon trouble is like to follow if peace be not made with the Prince, whereof he sees no likelihood except the Queen take up the matter.—Brussels, 8 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 8. 1457. Wilson to Walsingham.
Truth it is Don John seeks by all means to be popular, with his aptness to give audience, his willingness to apply himself to the humour of the Estates, and using great liberalty to very many, and constancy in his doings, that many of the greatest and most of the mean sort are enchanted in his love. Thinks he is thus apparently good for necessity, because he cannot otherwise bring that to pass which he has in his mind to do, because he is overmuch controlled, yea, almost commanded, by the Estates. The burgesses of Antwerp, set on by the Estates here, are very earnest to have the Almain soldiers discharged and the castle defaced, whereof the first is in hand to be done, and the second is in deliberation. Moreover, the nine nations of Brussels have lately exhibited their bill for certain Spaniards and Italians to be removed from the person of Don John, which has greatly troubled him. Such men are thought to be of his arriere Conseil, and do direct his doings to their harm here as they fear. The Prince also touched this request in his answer to the Duke of Arschot, and the commissioners sent to him. The Prince's case must at this time be advisedly "pesed," and some revolution taken thereupon; he must of necessity give himself over to some greater personage than himself, or else yield all to the King's mercy. Is fully persuaded that he would most willingly follow what course the Queen would will him to take. In his judgment an overture made of part-taking under the colour of peace making would do much good, and give a terror to the proudest of them, and would cause others to join with them that now stand as neuters. There is no trusting suspected friends at this time; plain dealing will be the best assurance. Valiant working never wanted good fortune, and by hardiness the courage of an enemy may the sooner be abated. The Queen of Navarre comes shortly to the Spa; this coming of the daughter is like her mother's being at Bayonne, whereupon followed the massacre. Don John minds to receive her and her train with all the honour that may be, and because the charges are like to be great he has caused it to be propounded to the Estates that they will defray all the charges, which is not yet granted. It is said the Estates will not suffer him to go to Mons for fear of farther inconvenience that might follow. The Viscount of Ghent will have above 40 gentlemen to wait upon him; he is valiant of person and of a great stomach, yet very courteous. He is taken to be one that loves well the liberty of his country, and has great liking of the Prince of Orange, though his message is to dissuade all league with him. Don John makes great account of Dassonville, who is his chief director for the voyage. The Viscount said one thing that troubles him that if the Prince will not yield upon his return they must make war upon him. The commissioners appointed by Don John for their merchants could not deny that they had wrongs, but the favouring of one nation would cause others to seek the like, and so the States be disappointed of sums of great value. In the end they required him to put down in writing his demand to the Estates, which he has done, but thinks he will have but slender answer, such is their necessity, and their unkindness to the English. The 20,000l. is not due before the 20th July next, and will, he thinks, be paid to the day; Swegenhem told him the whole mass should be collected on the next impost, and so sent to England. One of this country that is a man of Estate has constantly affirmed in an open meeting that the Scottish Queen is in right before their sovereign, who is called an usurper; if any should have said so much in his hearing he would not have tarried for a warrant to make him an answer, but would rather have adventured his life upon him. Does not repent the speech he used of Hamilton to Don John, and well he knows Don John has no evil liking of him for anything he has ever said to him. Don John is informed of certain public preachings of the religion, which he minds to stop, but in no wise the burgesses will suffer him to go to Antwerp for fear of usurpation. The Spaniards were in Burgundy the 19th of May; it is thought they hover there for some purpose, and that they have animus revertendi, and want but occasion; yea, some think that if Don John could get clearly away he would rather be in Luxembourg than Brussels. Here is great want of money, and divers devices used to get it. There is a request made to the Estates that every man may be assessed according to his degree and by the poll, but they will know the minds of particular towns and countries before they will resolve upon such a taxation. Gives particulars of various enclosures. The chiefest man that utters the secrets against the Estates is Arschot, who for that he cannot be employed as one of the Council as heretofore he has been, discovers many men's doings, and sets a pique amongst them. Champagny joins with them that are thought to be the best patriots, as Count Lalain and M. de Heze, against the house of Croy, so that he may see all things are not here yet perfectly quiet. —Brussels, 8 June 1577. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 6½.
May 15. 1458. Instructions of Don John to the Duke of Arschot and others sent to the Prince of Orange and the States of Holland and Zealand.
1. They are to inform them of the pacification concluded at Ghent, of the departure of the Spaniards and of his acceptance of the government, and of the desire that he and the King of Spain have to perform the pacification and to bring quiet to the country. They are then to desire that the said pacification be published in Holland and Zealand, and then that nothing be done contrary thereto. That the proceedings against Amsterdam, Utrecht, and other places cease, so that they be no longer molested nor their commerce hindered. Whereas the Prince seeks to obtain the government of Utrecht, alleging it to be united to Holland, they are to argue to the contrary by the allegations and reasons with which they shall be more amply instructed, and state his willingness to submit this and other disputed points to commissioners to determine. That the fortifications begun and continued at Haarlem, Amsterdam, and other places may cease and the country delivered from the expense of their erection. They are to complain that certain of his agents seek to distract Friesland, Gueldres, Overyssel, Groningen, and other places from the King's obedience by the preaching of Calvinistic and Anabaptistic doctrines, and that notwithstanding the contract made by them with the burgesses of Zericksee to permit them the exercise of the Roman Catholic religion, yet that they endeavour to force them to follow their own new fashion. Further, that they recast a great part of the King of Spain's ordnance and place thereon the cognisance of the Prince of Orange. The officers of the Prince of Orange refuse to execute the decrees of the King's officers of justice whereby the suitors are forced to begin their causes over again to their great inconvenience and cost. That whereas he has restored according to the treaty the confiscated lands and goods in his hands, yet there is no like performance on the part of the States of Holland and Zealand. If the Prince should speak to them of Breda, they are to say that there is no difficulty in restoring it to him, to hold as the King's vassal, but as Breda is close to Gertruydenburg which is occupied by his force, the soldiers will not leave it till arms be laid down throughout the country, and as for his estates in Burgundy and Luxembourg, though they are not comprised in the agreement, yet he may look for contentment at the hands of the King. They are also to assist the deputies of the Estates who are going to the Prince of Orange and the States of Holland and Zealand to complain of the new impositions on merchandise in those countries. —Brussels, 15 May 1577.
2. Having had his attention called to a placard issued by the Prince of Orange in the name of the King of Spain announcing the sale of the property of the Roman Catholic clergy and religious houses in Holland and Zealand, and the proceeds of which he and the States of Holland and Zealand intend to use in the service of their own faith, he commands them to protest against it, as directly against the pacification, and as tending to cause further inconvenience, and therefore to command that the said placard be instantly revoked. Signed by order of his Highness.—Berthy.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 5¾. Enclosure.
May 23. 1459. Propositions of the Deputies of the Estates of the Low Countries to the Prince of Orange and the Estates of Holland and Zealand.
They call their attention to the chief points in the foregoing document, and express a hope that matters may be brought to a satisfactory accord.—Gertruidenburg, 23 May 1577.
2 Endds. Fr. Copy. Pp. 3. Enclosure.
June 1. 1460. The Prince of Orange to Dr. Wilson.
Desires to know the opinion of the Queen on the points sent by Mr. Rogers, so that he may know how to conduct himself with the deputies of Don John of Austria.—Dortrecht, 1 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½ Enclosure.
May 16. 1461. Don John of Austria to the Prince of Orange.
A letter of compliment in which he tells him that his greatest desire is to bring peace and prosperity to the Low Countries, but this in a great measure depends on the Prince, and therefore he desires that he will give a favourable consideration to that which the Duke of Arschot is charged with on his behalf.—Brussels, 10 May 1577.—Signed.
Endd. as "escrite de sa main propré." Span. Pp. 1¾. Enclosure.
May 16. 1462. Don John of Austria to the Prince of Orange.
Has commissioned the Duke of Arschot and others to treat with him and the Estates of Holland and Zealand touching certain matters tending to the fulfilment of the pacification and to their particular benefit. Assures him that in all matters he may assure himself of the grace and favour of the King.—Brussels, 16 May 1577.
Endd. Fr. P. 2/3. Enclosure.
May 25. 1463. Citadel of Antwerp.
Petition of the burghers of Antwerp to the Council of State praying that the Almain garrisons may receive their discharge and that the citadel be either demolished or dismantled.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 3¼. Enclosure.
June 1. 1464. Wilson to the Estates General of Flanders.
Prays them to relieve the English merchants trading to Flanders from the new impositions imposed on the 18th December 1576 and the 21st April last, such being contrary to the treaties of 1495 and 1520, by which they were to pay no more than they had been accustomed to 50 years before 1495.—1 June.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. ⅓. Enclosure.
June 9. 1465. Paulet to Burghley.
Is bound to him for his especial goodness touching the wardship of the daughter of Mr. Rouswell, the assurance of his friendship and favour being more grateful to him than the value or profit of the ward. No gentleman in England shall honour, love, or serve him more faithfully than Amias Paulet.—Tours, 9 June 1577. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. ½.
1466. Paulet to Walsingham.
Copy of his letter of the same day.—Tours, 9 June 1577. Pp. 5. Enclosure.
June 9. 1467. Paulet to Walsingham.
His servant sent to Brittany is returned, who as he passed through Maine fell into the hands of Matignon and Rambouillet at Sablé, where after long and strait examination he was sent to the castle and stripped twice to his shirt, and the collar of his shirt and all his other garments searched with all extremity. It was found he had no letters of instructions or any other things in writing; after two days he was discharged, and a gentleman sent after him to see his doings and what way he took in his journey, and who did not forsake him till he was past the town of Vitré. He took his way directly to St. Malo, where he spent three days, and during his abode there laded some forders of canvas, as he has been wont to do at other times, being one that professes merchandise, and his presence being now known to the officers and others of the town, he feigned to have new occasion of business to return to him. He addressed himself to one he knew to be his only good friend, who has undertaken to send one to know the certainty of these preparations, who sends word that La Roche prepares certain ships and makes one or two new ships which are not yet ready. Is advertised that Fitz Morris has advertised his wife that the Pope has promised eight galleys, and will write to the French King to give like furtherance. Is given to understand from the Court that La Roche is an insolent fellow, that he depends altogether upon the Guise, that a kingdom is too little for him, and that he is a very likely man to attempt any desperate voyage. Considering it most certain that some ships are new rigged and some new builded, and comparing the great charge of these preparations with the slender qualities of La Roche, who is said to be of small ability and utterly unable to bear the heavy burden, and seeing he does not join with Lansac, which he would have done if his enterprise had been intended for the King's service, therefore concludes there is some treacherous meaning towards Ireland. He pretended to go to Terra Florida. It seems the King could be content to come to some reasonable composition, but some think the treaty will come to nothing, the commissioners of the King being divided amongst themselves, La Mothe, Fenelon, and de Foix being inclined to peace, but the Bishop of Vienne, M. d'Escars, and the President of Toulouse seeking daily new devices to break it. It is thought the house of Guise has corrupted the Bishop of Vienne. The King of Navarre is said to be waxed stubborn, that he requires besides the contents of the last Edict, ports and frontier towns for his surety, and till he be satisfied in these points will not treat of any other. The King is advertised Duke Casimir makes secret preparation to come into France in August, and that this next Midsummer he will declare himself openly. La Verdin has besieged and won La Ville Franche, a town in Perigord; all the soldiers and a great part of the inhabitants are put to the sword. The Vicomte of Turenne is strong in Perigord and Limousin and Quercy, where he is well obeyed and his company well ordered. It is said they of Rochelle have fought with young Lansac, who is said to be hurt, many of his soldiers slain, and his whole navy forced to retire to Blaye. It has been given out with great gladness here that one man could not supply himself with bread in Rochelle one day for 12 sous tournois, and that they were brought to great extremity many ways, but they are well provided of all things necessary, and want nothing so much as hay for their horses. The battery began at Issoire the 3rd. M. d'Allegre, Renty, Montmorin, Premier Esquier to the Queen Mother, the lieutenant of M. St. Luc, and some others are slain there. Chavinac commands in Issoire. The army of the Duke of Maine, which was bestowed in several towns distant from St. Jean d'Angeli four or five leagues, is assembled again, the purpose is supposed to be against Brouage. The King's galleys at Nantes are appointed to be ready the 12th. The Queen Mother's house at Chenonceau has been called La Maison des Bonnes Nouvelles, but it is feared lest this goodly title will have no long continuance. Danville cannot devise a readier way to force the towns which hold for the religion in Languedoc to come to composition than to spoil their provisions of corn and other like commodities, which he is said to have put in practice already, saving for his own use all he can. Is not much affected to grant passports to Scottishmen in this doubtful time, but having received no commandment to the contrary has granted the one enclosed. Is advertised Moulins is corrupted, and that he goes over for some bad practice, and although he pretends to make this voyage to live in liberty of conscience, one of his familiars has said that he has refused this journey three times, and goes commanded, and not of his own free will. He is said to have 1,000 crowns for this journey, and that his errand touches the Queen of Scots in honour and life. He has daily conference with Morvilliers. He is accompanied with divers archers of the King's guard, and amongst others with Drysdale who is lately returned out of his country. This Drysdale has said to his secretary that the King of Scots inquires daily for his mother, where she is, why she is prisoner, and why he cannot see her; and Drysdale further found it very strange that all Frenchmen have access to the Scottish Queen, and that the same is forbidden to all Scots, and thinks great unkindness of him (Walsingham) because he denied him a license to pass over two English geldings, which he said he passed afterwards without his help for six shillings. Captain Moulins is married to a Frenchwoman and has good living in France, and leaves his wife and children behind him. The secretary of Mauvissiere has informed the King that the Queen gave audience to Haucourt la Personne and others going towards the Prince of Condé late in the night, and that they had it in commission from Casimir to advise him and the King of Navarre to condescend to no peace. The Cardinal of Guise has great credit with the King at this present. The King will be again in this town the 11th, and thence takes his journey to Poitiers, to which purpose divers companies of men-at-arms are already levied here and in the villages adjoining. The Duke of Tuscany has a young son of late, which is much rejoiced by his friends here. —Tours, 9 June 1577. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 52/3.
June 10. 1468. Walsingham to Mr. Bowes.
Has been long desirous to have a perfect note of the nobility of Scotland and of all such as be of the Privy Council there or in any chief office or place of trust though not noble by birth, wherein he knows none can give him better notice than he. Therefore beseeches him to send him a note, to the effect he desires, wherein if he can put down the livelihood, wealth, credit in the country, inclination for religion, faction, &c. that every of them be of it, shall give him no small light to judge the better of the state of that realm.
Draft. Endd. P. 1.
June 10. 1469. Impositions on English Merchants in Flanders.
1. The Estates having heard their own deputies and those of Don John, and having considered the letter of the Ambassador of England of the 1st June, touching the impositions whereof the English merchants complain, make answer as follows:—It is not for them to interpret the treaties of which the ambassador speaks, but for his Highness, for he is the representative of the King in the name of whose predecessors the said treaties were made, and as for observing such treaties when great necessity shall arise, they see daily what is the practice of England in such case; these impositions are made for the commodity of the Low Countries to which the Queen of England has always expressed herself to be well disposed; should exemption be granted to the English other nations will demand the same, for if the English alone have exemption they will get all the traffic into their own hands, and also those of other nations will call themselves English to obtain the exemption; it would be well if the Viscount of Ghent were charged to treat of the matter in England.
2. Don John orders that the foregoing answer be communicated to the English ambassador.—Brussels, 10 June 1877. Signed.
Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 11. 1470. Wilson to the Queen.
1. Took occasion upon the 9th to wait upon Don John to wish him welfare in the journey he had to Mechlin for discharging the Almain soldiers, who thanked him and said he should very shortly go there to persuade them to leave on reasonable offers, and this he would do to assure the world of his faithful meaning to keep the peace. Then he began to declare his affection for her, and how well disposed the King was to maintain amity with her, and therefore wished she would look no other way, making no mention of the Prince of Orange at all. He wished he might have the hap once to see her. Told him that two noble natures meeting together could not but agree in all goodness and virtue, and the one better understand the other than by messengers or ambassadors. Then somewhat to please him for the time showed him her picture, which he borrowed of Mr. Fulke Greville. Don John was much pleased with the sight of it, and perused it very carefully a good long time, and asked if she were not attired sometimes according to the Spanish manner. Told him she used divers attires, Italian, Spanish, and French, as occasion served and as she pleased. He said the Spanish attire was the most comely, and then desired earnestly of him to have her entire stature and making and the sooner the better. Told him he would do his best therein on his return, and in the mean season desired his whole picture, which he said he should have on his coming again from Mechlin, and that if he caused any painter to come to him he would sit to him for his sake. Don John also told him that he is so informed of her that if she were in the company of her ladies, but in a black velvet French gown, and a plain hood to the same, he might discern her for the Queen, though he had never seen her picture before. Told him indeed God had done much for her, not only to call her to the place of a Queen and so represent himself, but also to give her such a shape fit for any Queen, and therewithal a mind endued with such several and famous virtues as therefore she is had in admiration and a chief spectacle to the whole world.
2. Thinks her amongst other princes most subject to envy even for her virtues and mighty puissant State; and where they cannot prevail by open and apparent actions they will work by convert a' doulce means intermingling honey and sugar with their drugs of poison and destruction. His speech tends to this end, that she be very circumspect how to trust and never to believe words but the effect of words. It is good even to give like measure,
He that speaks me fair and loves me not I will speak him fair and trust him not. Cretisendum semper cum Cretense, and as the common speech is "fallere fallentem, non est fraus." This ambassador (the Viscount of Ghent) is taken here to be of a plain nature without sleight or cunning; Don John much esteems him at least in outward show, the rather for that he knows him to be very valiant and the rather to be cherished against the Prince of Orange if he cannot be brought to any good agreement. He is called Robert by his baptism of the House of Melun, of kin to the Viscount of Ghent, whose wife he has married, being above forty years aged, and so has the Viscountship by inheritance, his eldest brother being Prince of Penoye, who by excessive spending has somewhat wasted himself. His instructions are to dissuade aid given to the Prince of Orange; which may be a policy to divide him from her so as more easily to deal with her afterwards. In the Barons' wars of England against her ancestor Henry III. the King could never prevail till Gilbert of Clare was divided from the Earl of Leicester, Simon de Montfort, and then he was easily subdued and overcome; the same is now in France by winning Danville from the rest. Cannot be persuaded there will be assured amity among those princes that are divided in religion; as a Papist of late said to him Ubi non est eadem fides, ibi est nulla fides, which he turned upon him again in defence of the true reformed religion. But to say a little more of Don John, there is none that has been most against the King, but he cherishes them most at this time. M. de Heze was counselled to give up the grant of a pension of 6,000 guilders by the year for his life, alleging the grant to be captious and words to be inserted to make it void at all times. Don John has commanded it to be new made with as ample words as may be, and Barliamont greatly blamed for passing the grant in that sort with the King's seal; and yet M. de Heze did no service to the King, saving he caused the King's house to be broken up, and the councillors to be carried to prison with danger of their lives and shame to their persons, but now he is Don John's companion at all masques and Count Egmont with him and all those that have been chiefly heretofore doers against the Spaniards, and such as were mislikers or hinderers of these dealings have no open good countenance at this time, but only in secret manner. Is well assured the Prince shall have in the end whatsoever he will ask, but what assurance hereafter, God knows!—Brussels, 11 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 32/3.
June 11. 1471. Wilson to Burghley.
The Viscount of Ghent comes now ambassador from Don John. France does not cease to have an eye still to the Prince, and of late one Alfieran, a gentleman belonging to the King's brother, was required expressly and yet in a very modest manner to depart out of this town, for that his doings here were suspected to his Highness and the Estates, but he remains here still keeping himself very secret in the ambassador's house. None are more against the English merchants than Swegenhem and Champagny. Thinks the States will keep their day for the Queen's money, although they are in very hard case, owing the Almains it is said above ten millions, they being not paid these three years and more. Don John goes this day to Mechlin to compound with the Almains.—Brussels, 11 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
June 11. 1472. Wilson to Walsingham.
The Prince looks for Mr. Rogers's return and some certain answer out of England, as he (Walsingham) is to understand more by Mr. Philip Sidney. Wishes this ambassador were well accompanied with men of skill and good courtiers; being well used he may be wrought to benefit both the countries.— Brussels, 11 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
June 11. 1473. Edmund Hogan to the Queen.
Left Portsmouth on the 6 May, and on the 21st arrived in the coast of Barbary at Saffie, where he remained on board ship in the roads and wrote letters to Morocco, where the King keeps his Court. At the end of five days the King sent certain captains and soldiers with three English merchants to safe conduct him up to the Court, declaring he greatly rejoiced to hear from her Majesty, so as the 1st June he came to Morocco, and upon the way by his order met him all the Christian merchants, and near the city some of his Council, who declared it was the King's pleasure to honour her Majesty all he could devise; so he was brought into his presence sitting in his chair of state, with his Council, both Moors and Christians, standing about him. Hogan having delivered his letters, and declared his message in Spanish, the King had it translated into Arabic, that the Moors might understand the same. Afterwards the King, with great thanks to her Highness, declared that he and his country with all things therein should be at her commandment, reserving his honour and law; to which Hogan answered that the Queen reserved the same as he might perceive by her letters. Thereupon he was conducted to his lodging, and the same night was sent for to the Court, where the King told him that the King of Spain had sent for licence to send an ambassador hither with request that he would not give audience to any that might come from the Queen "but" said the King "when he comes he shall see that I make more account of your coming from the Queen of England than of any from Spain, for he shall be used after the use of some places in Christendom to tarry 20 days before he is spoken with, for that King cannot govern his own country but is governed by the Pope and the Inquisition," which religion he wholly mislikes, finding him to be a very earnest Protestant, of good religion and living, and well experienced as well in the Old Testament as the New, bearing great affection to God's true religion as used in her Highness' realm. Finds him agreeable to do good to her merchants more than to any other nation, and not to urge any demand that may tend to her dishonour or breach of league with other Christian princes. He is not yet all in quiet within his country, for the the black King keeps in the mountains, being of small forces.— Morocco in Barbary, 11 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Broadside.
June 12. 1474. Duke John Casimir to Philip Sidney.
Hopes that he has returned home in safety and continues in the same mind that he was in at his departure from Lauterburg. Touching the assembly which he wished to be held at Frankfort, he has been informed that several princes and lords holding the Augsburg Confession, urged by certain contentious theologians, desire that the meeting may be at Magdeburg, where certain doctrines may be framed which for the future shall be binding on all. Fears that the true and pure Confession may receive hurt through the prejudice of the said theologians, and therefore the assembly should be held at Frankfort during the next September fair, so that they may oppose the designs of the said theologians. Has already warned the churches of Switzerland, France, Poland, Bohemia, and Flanders, who he hopes will send their deputies. Desires Sidney to obtain that the Queen of England will send deputies, and also to procure the same from Scotland.— Neustat, 12 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
June 12. 1475. Conditions proposed by the Prince of Orange for making farther Amity with England.
The same in substances as paras. 11–13 of the "Notes on the State of the Prince of Orange and the Provinces of Holland and Zealand" [No. 1446], except that the request therein that she will lend them 50,000l. a year to be repaid by the Estates is here stated that "she will with a certain sum of money relieve them yearly, especially seeing that if war should be made against her they should likewise be compelled to make expense against her enemies."
Endd. as delivered to the Queen at Greenwich on the 12th June 1577. P. 1.
June 15. 1476. Richard Spencer to Lord Burghley.
The King's brother has taken the town of Issoire, and used great severity, especially upon those which being let go from La Charité promised they would never any more be against the King. From Issoire he is gone to Limousin to lay siege to certain towns. All the Almains which served the King are discharged out of his service and paid that which was due to them by the Duke of Lorraine. It is thought the Almains will stay coming into France till such time as the fruits be gathered, to the end they might find better provision at their coming.—Paris, 15 June 1577. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 1.
June 17. 1477. Piracy.
Copy of depositions made at the Admiralty Court of Dieppe touching the seizure of "La Trinité," of 70 tons, the "Nicholas," of 55 tons, by pirates of Dieppe, and of the "Jacques" by the "Captain Jaspar," of Flanders.
Copy. Fr. Endd. Pp. 2.
June 17. 1478. Francisco Giraldi to Walsingham.
Desires that a time may be appointed for him to have an audience with her Majesty and also with her Council.— Chertsey, 17 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
June 18. 1479. Francisco Giraldi to Walsingham.
Endorsed: From the Portuguese Ambassador, that it was required to be sent from him in writing, reserving it with himself to exhibit to the Lords.—Chertsey, 18 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
June 19. 1480. William Melvill to Davison.
1. It will please him to excuse the Prince towards himself and others that he writes not so often as may be looked for; partly his affairs are not small, partly his nature, which is nothing ceremonious, are stay to such declarations of his goodwill. Presently he is of good health, and better than when the ambassador did leave him, and still more and more favoured of his country, which is testified not only by the present they gave his daughter at her baptism, in granting to her and her heirs 2,000 guilders yearly, but also in divers banquettings in his passing through the country. They will stick the faster by him the more they perceive the contentions of the others, who have not only chased some of the religion out of divers places, but also have made at Mechlin, Don John being present, open execution of one that had been at the preaching since the Edict of Pacification. They of Brussels are like to be some bridle to the others, who not only after the old manner are prompt to defend their liberty, but also bear great affection to the Prince of Orange.—Delft, 19 June 1577.
2. P.S.—As for the treaty between him and the Duke of Arschot and others, nothing was done, and no answer as yet given to his demands. They of Utrecht are well affectioned, and if they come in, Amsterdam will be compelled to do what the States of Holland will.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 20. 1481. The Prince of Orange to the Estates of the Low Countries.
Every one can see that the pacification of Ghent of the 8th November 1576 has not been a sovereign remedy for the evils under which they suffer, and can testify to the devotion with which he and the States of Holland and Zealand have devoted their lands, goods, and lives to the honour and service of their country. There are certain who never desired the peace of their country, but sought only their own profit, and wish therefore to renew the dissensions. They can see how well the pacification has been kept; the strangers who were declared to be the greatest enemies of the country have not been sent forth, exiles have not been allowed to return, nor has restitution been made of goods and ancient privileges. They had the admiration of all the world for their heroism and magnanimity, but that will now be changed to derision when they are seen placing themselves under the yoke of a greater tyranny than they endured at first, and the only way to prevent this is by obtaining a true performance of the pacification. Assures them that with regard to the rumour as to their proceedings against Amsterdam, they have no desire but to treat that town on an equality with the rest of Holland, when they shall lay down their arms.—Haarlem, 20 June. Signed.
Endd. by Wilson. Fr. Copy. Pp. 5.
June 20. 1482. Another copy.
Endd. by Wilson, "24" June 1577. Fr. Pp. 2¼.
June 20. 1483. Mercenaries in Flanders.
Letters from the Almain soldiers at Antwerp and Breda refusing to leave the country till they be paid according to agreement.
Copies. Fr. Pp. 2.
June 21. 1484. Sir Robert Constable to Burghley.
Has received his letter in answer to that he wrote on the 21st May, concerning the provisions of the Master of the Ordnance, which he perceives he cannot allow without warrant from the Queen. Humbly craves pardon that he presumed to command him so to do, but did it upon right good consideration, because the gates and ward houses were needful to be repaired, and there was neither Treasurer nor money here, nor any kind of provisions left, which was a wonder to him, to see that the Queen and her progenitors had bestowed of late 200,000l., and there is no monument left that she has been at such like charge, for there was left in the storehouses not so much as a broken shovel or a gavelock of iron, and searching in every office and place in the town found the same utterly void. Upon the same did advertise him and the Lords of the Council, and received answer that with all expedition it should be amended, and thereupon willed the Master of the Ordnance to make these provisions, which serve the Queen's turn at the present very well. Means to serve the Queen truly, and be more careful of her causes than his own, for there is not in all England any man that lives at so great charges as he does, for 500 marks a year do not maintain his charges above the Queen's allowance, and so that he shall not be long able to tarry here, his only care is to make an end of these works.—Berwick, 21 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
June 22. 1485. Robert Vernon, Victualler at Berwick, to Burghley.
The main post of the south windmill is in great decay and broken, so that it is not likely to continue the next winter if it be not amended this summer, for the miller was forced to forsake the mill in the great storms in March last, and as it is thought if the weight of the millstones had not been the mill had not stood upright at this present. Also the storehouses at Holy Island lack reparations. There are certain utensils in the brewhouse and bakehouse at Wark Castle which will be utterly spoiled by reason that it rains in upon them in divers places, which must needs be repaired. —Berwick, 22 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 24. 1486. The Queen to the Prince and Princess of Orange and Duke Casimir.
1. To the Princess of Orange.
Was pleased to receive her letter, and to perceive her good affection towards her. Has good hope that as it has pleased God to give her another daughter it may please him to give her some sons, for her more complete satisfaction. Has charged the bearer, Mr. Daniel Rogers, with the report of news.—Greenwich, 23 June 1577. Signed.
2. To the Prince of Orange.
Has received his letter by Mr. Philip Sidney, in which he makes ample witness of his good affection to her. Has instructed the bearer, Mr. Daniel Rogers, to declare her satisfaction therewith, to whom also she has given charge to declare her resolution in the matters proposed by him. Mr. Rogers having charge also to proceed through Germany, she prays him to aid him with such advice as he may deem necessary. Thanks him for his honourable entertainment to Mr. Philip Sidney.—Greenwich, 24 June 1577.
3. To Duke Casimir.
Has received great contentment by his letter sent to her by Mr. Sidney, and by the good entertainment accorded to him, and of his honourable speech had with him, whereby she sees his determination to abide in the faith of the holy Word of God, as he will understand at greater length by the bearer, Mr. Rogers, who is sent by her to him for negotiating the proposed league for the advancement of the common cause. This negotiation might seem to demand a person of more consequence than Rogers, but she thinks it better to send him so that the matter may be arranged the more secretly, at the same time knowing the circumspection and fidelity of Rogers, and herein she doubts not he will conform his judgment to hers.—Greenwich, 23 June 1577.
Copies. Endd. Fr. Pp. 12/3.
June 24. 1487. Matters declared by the Viscount of Ghent to the Queen.
Don John of Austria doubts not that she will have satisfaction at the pacification made in the Low Countries, whereby the commerce with England, greatly hindered by the troubles, is placed in its former condition, and although the pacification has not taken that good effect in Holland and Zealand that could be wished, yet Don John has sent the Duke of Arschot and others to those States to understand what scruples they have, and he doubts not that those States would come to an accord were there not some that seek their particular advantages from the troubles. To show that the difficulties proceed not from his own part, Don John has charged him to declare to her his instructions to the Duke of Arschot. Having declared these instructions (vide Enclosure to Wilson's letter of June 8), he informs the Queen that he is instructed to ask her, should the Prince of Orange and the Estates of Holland and Zealand still continue rebellious, not to assist them against their King, not only because of the leagues between England and Spain of 1542 and 1563, but also of the duty there is on kings and princes not to aid the rebellious subjects of one against the other.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 9.
June 25. 1488. Paulet to Walsingham.
Refers him for report of things here to the bearer. The reiters are expected and feared, and have, as the King is informed, received already from the Queen 60,000 angels. Camillo Fera was despatched in post towards the frontier the 20th. The ambassador for the Pope is sent for to the Court and departed hence this morning; prays it be not for some conference touching Fitzmorris, which may be doubted if the coming of the reiters be assured, no other man living is acquainted with the voyages of his messengers but the messengers themselves. The reiters are said to be 20,000 horsemen. Some say Lansac's ships have been of late beaten. If the reiters may not be avoided it may be feared lest these great preparations for sea will not be idle.—Tours, 25 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 26. 1489. Sir Robert Constable to Walsingham.
Has received this morning letters from the Regent touching certain counterfeit crowns of the Queen's coin which were uttered in Edinburgh and part sent to this town. There were but two he can learn of delivered here as yet, and one he has sent to the Regent, requiring that it might be sought out whether they were made here or came from hence; and thereto has he answered that he will take all pains to find out the original doer thereof, and the other he has sent to the Privy Council if any knowledge may be gotten there. His own diligence shall be applied for the trial if they were done hereabouts. The works here proceed very well.—Berwick, 26 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
June 26. 1490. A Relation of Spain.
A book containing an account of military ecclesiastical and financial matters relating to Spain, with a list of the nobility, &c., consisting of about 115 pages closely written.
Endd.: 1577, June 26.
June 27. 1491. Cardinal Alciati to Catherine de Bargo.
Her husband at the time of his departure desired him to write in her favour to certain people in France, which he did, and now desires to know the result.—Rome, 27 June 1577.
Add. Lat. P. ¼.
June 28. 1492. The Queen to the Palsgrave.
Letter of credence for Mr. Daniel Rogers sent as an Envoy to the Palsgrave.—Greenwich, 28 June 1577.
Draft. Endd. P. ¼.
June 28. 1493. Wilson to Walsingham.
The agreement is not yet freely concluded for the Almains, but Don John thinks the accord will be made very shortly, as he told him when he gave him his reply for the merchants' imposts. He said he heard how honourably the Viscount of Ghent was entertained, wherewith he was very glad. He seeks to win all men by gentleness, and surely if he were to take another course he would not be able to prevail, being a lone man in a country divided. Is persuaded the States will no more enter into wars, nor deal against the Prince for any quarrel at all, no, not for religion, notwithstanding their own suspicion is so great among them as indeed true doctrine has no place almost but amongst very few. At Utrecht, Count Bossu's lieutenant has been racked and tormented grievously, and has confessed divers practices determined against the people there, which matter causes them to seek the Prince of Orange's favour and more willingly to join with him. The burgesses of Maestricht having one company only of M. Bercely's within their town will suffer none other to come amongst them, but keep watch and ward themselves at their gates, and have sent to the burgesses of Brussels to take their advice how to deal further. There is no word of the general assembly at all as yet for a public quietness universally. The 25th, the States general resolved not to make any war against the Prince for any cause whatsoever. Swevenghem is sent for to take order for the Queen's money. Leoninus is presently sent into Guelderland and Friesland to appease the people there by all means.—Mechlin, 28 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 28. 1494. Impositions on English Merchants.
1. Answers of the Estates of the Low Countries to the memorial of Dr. Wilson for the freeing of the English merchants from the new imposts [vide June 10].
2. Reply of the English Ambassador, stating that he was sent to them for redress as the authors of the new imposts; that there is nothing but justice administered to strangers in England, and that their confession of the Queen's good disposition to the Low Countries ought to be a ground for not further burdening her subjects, that it is expedient to do justice to all, and if others have the like privileges they should have the like exemption with the English, and that he thinks it good that the Viscount of Ghent should treat of the matter in England.
Endd. Fr. P. 1. Enclosure.
June 29. 1495. Paulet to Burghley.
It is said Monsieur is at the siege of Maruze (if he do not mistake the name), a town distant from Issoire, 18 miles towards Languedoc. Some say that Nismes treats of composition with Danville. The King came to Chatelherault the 24th, and it is thought he will remain there 14 days. It is affirmed by eye witnesses that the number of gentlemen and men bearing charge hurt or slain at the seige of Issoire is greater than the like at Rochelle. Petroutzi is arrived here lately from the Duke of Florence, and brings great proffers of men and money towards the maintenance of the civil war. Some say that besides his 50,000 crowns, the Pope will also send aid of men to withstand the reiters.—Tours, 22 June (sic) 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1.
May 15. 1496. M. de Mauvissiere to — Grande Maitre de la Garde Robe.
Copy of the letter enclosed in Paulet's letter to Walsingham of the same day.
Endd. by Burghley. Fr. Pp. 2¾.
June 29. 1497. Paulet to Walsingham.
Encloses a letter written not long since by the French Ambassador in England to a gentleman of the Court. It is addressed to one that has good credit with the King, and it is true the King accompanied only by M. Chiverny went secretly from Blois to see him in his house, 10 leagues distant, where he lay sick. The copy is ill written and there are some words that pass his cunning. When the French Ambassador's secretary was with him he made some speech of a French captain who was prisoner in England and found it very strange he could not be delivered. It may seem by this copy there is some practice in hand touching the captain. Hears nothing of Brouage, and, therefore, thinks the King has no good success there.—Tours, 29 June 1577. Signed.
Add., with seal. Eddd. P. 1.
May 15. 1498. M. de Mauvissiere to — Grande Maitre de la Garde Robe.
1. Prays him support with his favour one who is banished to an island where they make marvellous discourse of the affairs of France, which is held by those who wish them no good for lost and ruined. The evil subjects of the King are well entertained here. When the King has a little prosperity they fear it like the thunderbolt of Jupiter, and think that sooner or later he will destroy their religion; they have nothing but malice, faintness, and dissimulation in them, never speak but to lie, and seek nothing but the ruin of the King and their country. The chief thing will be to hinder Casimir, though not to hazard much with a man who has no more to lose than he has. He will be favoured in this realm if war ensue, for the English think that their safety lies only in the misfortunes of the French. He makes great diligence to have means from the Queen of England and from the churches here, and in Scotland, where at present the alliance with France is but slight after having cost so dear. Hopes sooner or later matters may return to their former condition. The Queen of England complains that the King does not love her as did the late King his brother, and by reason thereof the Queen Mother has diminished her affection towards her and this kingdom, and is highly offended that they should have so soon and so shortly stopped the practice of the marriage of Monsieur with herself, and that he should have sought in Spain a mistress younger than herself. The Huguenots persuade her that the King and his brother desire the ruin of her and of her kingdom, for that cause have made her expend some angels, which is against her nature, for she well loves to keep them. She has marvellous credit with Casimir and the Almain Protestants, who will do nothing unless she enters into it in earnest. If the grain to make the bread is from Germany, the leaven is from hence. If the King had a little good fortune those here would not behave so ill. If the King desire to reconfirm his friendship with the Queen he should send a man in credit with her, and one who would assure her that they did not intend her ruin. Would be glad to see him undertake this journey, it is one of 40 days with 25 post horses. In default of this he hopes to see him next year, and that one more sufficient will be sent in his place, who, if he have not a long purse, will be much amazed, for he has spent 40,000 francs of his own since being here, and has been badly treated by the King, who has a marvellous way of not letting one have money, but as long as he can afford to breathe he will be a faithful servant to such an excellent master, who was a good friend to him before he was King. He will find him at his return as poor as the good Job, though he is not so patient. Will be much ashamed if they give battle to Casimir to be so far from the fight.—London, 15 May 1577. Signed.
2. P.S.—The bearer will tell him what he desires to be done for Captain Niperville; may afterwards resort to other means.
Add. Fr. Copy. Pp. 3. Enclosure.
June 29. 1499. Paulet to Walsingham.
Prays him that he may hear from him when he shall provide anything for the Queen, and what he shall provide. The Court and country say the King adjourns to Paris. It is feared lest the King have some dangerous intelligence in Rochelle.— Tours, 29 June 1577. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 30. 1500. Declaration by the Viscount of Ghent to the Queen.
1. Captain Phipson and Richard Floddé, companions of one William Cotton, arrived at Ostend in September last, and were arrested on the ground they were of the faction of the said Cotton, but afterwards were released. The said Phipson has now equipped a ship as a pirate, boasting to have letters from the Queen against those of Ostend.
2. He has not yet received the news of the last treaty of Don John with the Prince of Orange, having been despatched before answer came from the Prince.
Fr. P. 1.
June 1501. Don John to the Estates of the Low Countries.
Having determined to retire to the castle of Namur for his greater security, and thinking that the Estates might discover some inconvenience from him so doing, he thinks good to declare to them his intention to fulfil his part of the pacification, and that he expects them also to do that which they have promised. He further demands that he be allowed to have a guard for his person; that there be no governors put into places where formerly there were none; that all governors and colonels should swear obedience to him; that he should have the disposal of such offices and posts as fall vacant; that the list presently to be published by the Estates of the persons qualified to enter their assembly be sent to him that he may see whether there are any suspected persons therein, and that if the Prince of Orange and the Estates of Holland and Zealand do not come to an accord with him, they will join with him against them.
Fr. Pp. 2½.
June ? 1502. The Queen to Don John of Austria.
Commends the Viscount of Ghent for his conduct in his embassy. Assures him she doubts not that the Prince of Orange will agree to all things reasonable. If she have not answered to some matters which the Viscount has required her to do on his part, she makes her excuse that she cannot sit in judgment on the Prince till she hear what he have to say in his defence.
Fragmentary draft. Fr. Pp. 1⅓.
June. 1503. The Viscount of Ghent.
The instructions of the Viscount of Ghent contain nothing but to desire the Queen to maintain amity with the Low Countries, and to postpone the day of payment of the money borrowed from her by the Estates of the Low Countries in order that they may be able to pay and discharge the Almains.
Endd. Fr. P. ¼.
June ? 1504. [M. de Mauvissiere?] to
Drillant came to him on the 25 June at five in the morning, telling him that certain of his friends thought there was some practice against him and at which he was astonished, for he was an honourable gentleman and good Catholic, and that he should be constrained to depart secretly from this kingdom into Spain.
Fr. Pp. 1¼. Endd. Information against Drylont.
June. 1506. Rowland Johnson to Burghley.
Prays for some increasement of his entertainment in consideration of his 34 years' service, and also for the payment of 252l. due to him in riding charges about the Queen's affairs. Perceives that some report he is not a poor man, but one that is able to purchase lands. Never purchased more than a poor farm of 20 nobles by the year and the lease of a parsonage, which he lets, and which will be worth sometimes 20l. a year, and that is the uttermost. If this 252l. be not paid he will be utterly undone and driven to sell his house and lands to pay his debts. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 11/8.
1507. Note of remembrance to Lord Burghley.
That Rowland Johnson perform such work as he shall be commanded, making the Controller privy to the charges thereof as has been accustomed, and that any that command them to do any work shall give their commandment in writing, that the provisions may be made by them and the Treasurer and laid in the Queen's storehouses, and that for every piece of work the Surveyor and Controller put their hand to see the Treasurer's book for his warrant, and the Treasurer likewise put his hand to the Surveyor's. That when Johnson shall be commanded to ride into Scotland or elsewhere about the Queen's affairs he have allowance at 6d. 8d. the day for himself, his man, and his guide. Signed by Johnson.
Enclosure. P. 1.
June. 1508. Negotiations of Sir John Smith in Spain.
1. Copy of a letter written by Smith to the King of Spain, 22 June 1577, complaining that he has not received a reply to his memorials, one in behalf of Simon Buxman, an Englishman resident in Spain, the other touching the rights of ambassadors; he also complains of the detention in prison of others of the Queen's subjects by the Inquisition.
On Sunday, the 23 June, the Secretary Cayas came to him in the evening on the part of the King saying that with regard to the Holy Office of the Inquisition the King was but a private gentleman, and further, that he could not interfere with their affairs. Smith said that his mistress had not made treaties with the Inquisition but with the King. He further complained that the Inquisition had taken cognizance of matters that happened on the high seas, and even he believed in England, and if they found certain books concealed in a ship they put the crew in prison and confiscated the ship and cargo.—Madrid. Signed: Jo. S.
Endd. Span. Pp. 3½.
[June.] 1509. Heads of a Treaty between the Queen of England and the Protestant Princes of Germany.
1. That all such Princes as make profession of the Gospel, as well those of the Augustan confession as others being willing to enter into a league defensive against the Pope and his adherents, shall give order for the suppressing of such as seek by preaching or otherwise to breed any contention upon points of religion until such time as by conference the said matters may in peaceable sort be drawn to some reconcilation.
2. Each prince shall lay in a convenient portion of money in deposits for the sustentation of such forces as shall be employed in the general defence of the common cause of religion.
3. The said money to be delivered into the hands of some sufficient merchants at some reasonable interest.
4. That the interest shall be employed by way of pension to some of the principal ritmasters of Germany.
5. That the Princes Associate shall support one another in case of being assailed for the cause of religion.
6. That those Princes who join first the association shall seek by all good means to draw other princes, as also the free towns and cantons of the Swiss into the said association.
Endd. P. 1.
[June.] 1510. Latin copy of above.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.