Elizabeth: July 1575, 1-15

Pages 75-91

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 11, 1575-1577. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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July 1575, 1-15

[July 1.] 198. Instructions for Henry Cobham.
He is to complain of the entertainment of Thomas Stuckley in the Court of Spain, and demand his dismissal, and to urge on the King to make peace with his subjects in the Low Countries, and to point out the danger of French interference.
Rough draft in Burghley's writing. Incomplete. Endd. Pp. 6.
July 1. 199. Instructions for Sir Henry Cobham sent into Spain by the Queen.
1. At his first access to the King he is to thank him for banishing her rebels out of the Low Countries, and show him that she was willing to have satisfied all Boischot's requests were it not that her subjects trafficking into Spain find themselves so extremely and cruelly dealt with by the Inquisition, and that there is no possibility of the continuance of good amity unless this is by him redressed.
2. He is to declare that she imputes the interruptions that have happened to their amity to proceed from evil ministers of the King, and especially Don Guerau D'Espes, the late Bishop of Aquila, and the Duke of Feria. Notwithstanding these things past, considering that she finds he means to re-enter into the ancient course of goodwill with her, and that she means the like towards him, it is necessary that he restrain those of the Inquisition, who for malice and gain, under pretext of religion, entrap and confiscate the goods of her subjects resorting to his realm only as merchants. In this matter he is to require the King to use the advice of such of his Council as are of noble birth and temporal vocation, rather than of such as have made their oath to the Pope and Church of Rome, and prefer his particular affairs to the service of the King. He is to require that her subjects ministering no just cause of offence by open word, act, or writing touching their religion shall be received as heretofore they have been, and not forced by examination to declare their consciences more than his subjects resorting to England are. He is also to move the King that her ambassador may have liberty to use privately in his own house and family the rites of religion according to the manner of England. If the King cannot be induced to assent to these points he may conclude that the amity cannot continue, for she would justly be thought an unnatural Prince and careless of her subjects if she any longer suffered them to be so misused and outraged as they lately have been within his dominions.
3. After this he shall show the King that however he has been informed of her doings with his subjects in the Low Countries, if he knew how often and earnestly she has been solicited to take possession of Holland and Zealand he might say that he never had such a friend as she has been. If some speedy remedy be not taken those countries will be at the devotion of the French King, who and his predecessor have continually aided the Prince of Orange with money to maintain his wars, and now continues the same with a monthly secret pay. As nothing can be so hurtful to the King and dangerous to herself than this, she earnestly requires him to divert this course now in hand by allowing his subjects to enjoy their ancient privileges, and suffering them to live freely from the extremities of the Inquisition. In this behalf he is to say that she will be content to use any office of mediation for the compounding of these differences. If he finds the King say that the points in difference are such as he cannot in honour accord, he may reply that the matter of religion may be referred over to the deliberations of the Estates, who in a state mixed (as that is) commonly join with their sovereign in deliberation touching the cure of such grievous diseases as all states are sometimes subject to.
4. Touching the removing of strangers out of the country, as the Prince and his confederates give out that the ancient privileges require, to the due observation of which the King is sworn, she cannot see how the King in honour can well deny it; but howsoever it be, he should consider that the greatest monarchs have been driven to yield sundry times to necessity, and that the French King being so puissant a Prince it stands him to yield, rather than lose a country so well worth keeping. In case her good brother will not allow of these her friendly advertisements, or provide that such practices may be speedily met with, he is to signify that, contrary to her disposition, she may be found for her own safety to be a dealer herein, whereunto if she shall be driven she desires him to interpret her doings in good and honourable part, and that the same proceeds of necessity to preserve her own realm rather than from desire to invade anything belonging to him. Finally, if the King will grant her ambassador and her subjects trafficking to Spain the exercise of their religion without molestation by the Inquisitors he shall advertise her with speed, but upon flat denial thereof he shall return home.
Pp. 5½.
200. Another copy. Signed by the Queen and Walsingham.
Endd. Pp. 7.
201. Rough draft of the above.
Endd. Pp. 14¼.
202. Fragment of above, cancelled.
Endd. P. 1.
July 2. 203. Edward Chester to Lord Burghley.
Has presumed to write to her Majesty and show her what speeches he has heard from the best in these parts, as well concerning the departure of Mons. de Meru, who is said to have obtained great sums of money here towards the aid of the Prince of Condé, and that he now prepares to march; as also how they complain that they can obtain nothing from her Majesty. Has been demanded whether he thought her better inclined to their aid than before, to which he could only answer that if they continued to depend on France out of doubt she would be much worse bent. One of the best acquainted with this state said that if she would lend them some money they would soon drive their enemies out of the country, and besides giving her good assurance for the repayment, would be at her command at sea and land to do her service. The peace is not likely to take effect, neither does this country desire further conference therein. New hostages have been sent by the Commendator. The town and castle of Buren has been surrendered to him by the governor, who is presently to be executed in reward of his fidelity and valour. He has also taken a little island called Rughill, which was the Prince's own inheritance. The Duke of Arschot and the Commendator have been at jar about the latter's government. The Prince and Council would gladly that the Queen would send one "lidger," who might see that her subjects here obtained justice for their complaints.—Dort, 2 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¾.
July 3. 204. The Merchant Adventurers to Daniel Rogers.
1. Have elected him as their secretary for the present year to serve and discharge their affairs at Antwerp.—Antwerp, 3 July 1575. Signed: "Thomas Heton, governor."
2. P.S.—Require him to give his assistance to the bearer, Mr. Sotheake.
Add. P. 1.
July 3. 205. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
Something is meant towards Scotland or the Queen's dominions by the setting forth of these ships. One La Beausse is taken on suspicion of a confederacy with Bussy d'Amboise, and is like to be hardly dealt with; it is laid to their charge they had an enterprise to have been attempted against Orleans. It is said La Ferte being privy thereto discovered it to a friend of his, who quarrelled with him and came to the Court to open it. In truth, La Beausse had some credit with Monsieur, and it is thought by his example to withdraw other to do any service to Monsieur. Monsieur himself has been charged and examined by the Chancellor, but nothing is found but a suspicion he would have withdrawn himself by the help of these men. He and the King of Navarre have had some friendly conference, and it is thought they will bethink themselves to be reconciled; Monsieur has sought it in divers ways. At the ratification of the league the King appointed him (Dale) a cupboard of plate according to the accustomed manner, and now a present of plate is brought of the value of three or four hundred crowns. Here is quarrelling and killing every day before the King's gate; now there is a hot stir against the Italians by them of the University for a scholar that was slain by an Italian. It is much doubted lest the Duke d'Uzes, hearing all Danville's offices are distributed, will be so fierce against Danville as he has been. That the Queen Mother doubted at the first, and therefore would have had somewhat bestowed upon him. The suspicion increases the more, for news is come that Danville is suffered to gather his harvest quietly. If they had come to the wasting of the country, the whole country would have risen against D'Uzes rather than have suffered their fruits to have been spoiled.—Paris, 3 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
July 3. 206. Occurrents in France.
Normandy is appointed to set forth 18 ships and Brittany 12; their pretence is towards the isles about Rochelle. Divers field pieces are sent by land towards Rochelle, and certain cannon along the Seine. Puygalliard is sent into Poitou to waste the country about Rochelle. The King appoints all the money that may be made for the payment of soldiers, and has paid his footmen for two months; all other men remain unpaid. It is certain Montbrun has given an overthrow to De Gordes, and has slain 400 or 500 of the Swiss that were with him. Baron de la Garde has spoiled divers French ships, and bade them repair to the King for their restitution upon his wages that is behind in the King's hands. There was one taken on the sea that cast a budget into the sea, which was taken up and the letters brought to the Court; it is one that was thought to have doings for the Prince of Condé's or for them of Rochelle and little matter found. Maurevert that shot at the Admiral is taken with many secret instructions, whereat they are much grieved at the Court. It is said De la Haye, Governor of Poitou, for all his cunning dealing, is apprehended at Tours by the King's officers. It is reported that Danville was poisoned by a clyster, and thereby was in such danger that he was taken but for a dead man, but now he is in health. The Scottish men in the Court are all miscontented; they that are not in wages do either withdraw themselves to serve the King of Spain in the Low Countries, or else make means to return home; they that are in wages are unpaid.
P. 1¼. Enclosure.
207. Attempt to poison the Queen.
One Bougran brought to him one that said certain were gone into England to poison the Queen, and named one Joseph, an Italian. Knows not the credit neither of the matter or of the man.
Partly in cipher in the handwriting of Dale. Enclosure. P. 2/3.
June 30. 208. To [Dr. Gybbon.]
An account of the condition of the nobles, the burghers, and the artisans and peasants in France, showing the improvidence of the one, the wealth of the other, and the poverty of the third; and also the general misery of the land caused by the war and by the religious differences.
Endd. by Lord Burghley. Lat. Pp. 8½. Enclosure.
July 4. 209. William Lewin to Lord Burghley.
Has received two letters from him, and answered the first on 12 June. Complains of his health. Though Dr. Sturmius has completed his 67th year he is stronger than he is. Does not know whether his master [Lord Oxford] has started for Greece, or whether he still tarries in Italy, but when he can learn for certain, will inform Burghley. Hopes that his master's travels may benefit him, and expresses his readiness to obey any command of Burghley.—4 July 1575. Signed: Guiliet Leuinces.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 3.
July 6. 210. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
There is a sudden stir in this town, and the gates kept shut a whole day. It was feared to be a great matter coming in the neck of La Beausse's matter, and that some great personage had been privy to it. Monsieur was charged with very sharp words, que ung de ces jours on le jecteroit en la riviere, but neither the one nor the other touches him, for this was but a device of a few needy persons, and La Beausse is but a common captain, who went to keep company with Bussy d'Amboise that is fled to save his life from the jealousy of the King of Navarre. The day after the stir, took occasion to go to the Court to see the countenance of the world, and made instant for the performance of the promises touching Fitz Morris and the complaints of the Queen's subjects. At his coming all was calm, and Monsieur of purpose with the King. Was promised that the King would see things done himself to the satisfaction of the Queen and her subjects; and no countenance of any stir in the world. To the Secretaries has written some particularities of the treaty of marriage between the Duke of Lorraine and the Princess of Navarre, and how the Duke of Lorraine and Vaudemont are made instruments to renew the treaty of peace and reconciliation of the house of Montmorency.—Paris, 6 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
[July.] 211. — to Dr. Dale.
The affair was under colour of the quarrel between the students and the Italians. A band of some 1,200 or 1,500 dissolute and lawless men, called "les enfants de la Matte," met together at 11 at night on the day before yesterday with the intention of massacring the Italians and sacking their houses. They were discovered by one Pompeio, who haunts the house of the Chancellor, but who was formerly himself an "enfant de la Matte." He was invited to be of the party, and was offered the command of 200 men. Feigning to consent, he was made acquainted with the whole plan. They designed to attack the houses of the Chancellor, Diaceto, Rochelay, Sardinii, and others who are reputed wealthy. He discovered the plot to the Chancellor, who informed the King, by whose orders the town was put in arms and the chiefs, four in number, and men of base condition, arrested. La Beausse is at Bois de Vincennes; the King, Queen, and the Chancellor visited him on Sunday. Is told he informed the King of a breach in the walls of Paris by which Monsieur intended to escape. Can hear nothing about the ships. It is reported Troyes in Champagne, and a town near Janures, and Sedan are taken by men who have no leader.
Copy. Fr. P. 1. Enclosure.
July 6. 212. John Willes to Walsingham.
1. The ships the King makes ready are 32; there is very much talk they go to Ireland; one La Roche is the doer therein. Upon the last day of the month he and Rose spake with the Queen Mother. The ordnance that went hence is gone to the ships, and six companies of men. They are not afraid to speak openly they will be revenged on the English. They say it is to take pirates. The Duke of Lorraine and M. Vaudemont have been very earnest with the King and Queen and Council to make peace, which it is hoped will come to some good end. The Duke says his kingdom will be lost and his people rise against him. They talk lowly, for they are half afraid of the Parisians, for they keep double watch from nine at night to six in the morning, watching with 50 horse to see there be no resort or stirring. There is a great falling out between M. "Rofite" and the Count Charles, so that they would have fought, but the King sent 40 harquebussiers to bring them to him, and charged them not to meddle with one another. The Italians have killed a scholar, and the scholars say there shall not go an Italian in Paris but they will be revenged of it; they have hurt already three or four. There are 2,000 scholars in arms. If it had not been for the thunder and lightning that fell about 11 o'clock until two in the morning it is thought there had not been as afore in Paris. The scholars cannot be appeased. Montluc is departed to burn and spoil all the corn and wine upon the ground about the places of them of the religion. It is holden for certain that Danville and the Duke d'Uzes have met and spoken, so that the King is afraid the Duke will turn his coat. News is come again that the battle that was fought with Montbrun and De Gordes is true, and De Gordes has lost 1,000 men, Swiss and others. Montbrun is master of Dauphiny and Provence. It is thought all Dauphiny will revolt, because they are not able to go out of their towns for Montbrun, and they die of hunger. The King's soldiers eat them up, and pay nothing. There is great talk that the Turk will become, or is already, Christian. Prays him advertise the Regent of Scotland to take good heed to Adam Gordon, for there is some ill meant towards him; this comes from one that dare not write it himself.— Paris, 6 July 1575. Signed.
2. P.S.—The King and the Queen Mother told the Duke in great anger that his dealing was not well done, and if he would not take a better way he should be "chipped straighter." His answer was, that his doings no man was able to accuse him but he was able to answer to it, and that he thought nothing but to be used as the King's brother.
Add. Endd. by Walsingham: "From John Furrier." Pp. 2½.
July 6. 213. Dr. Dale to Walsingham.
1. Prays him signify to the Queen that at the ratification of the league the King sent him, according to the accustomed manner, a cupboard of plate—four pieces of plate to the value of three or four hundred crowns. The French ambassador has written largely of the great entertainment of M. Meru, and that he had one of the Queen's ships appointed him for his conduct.—Paris, 6 July. Signed.
2. P.S.—The King and Queen Mother are so weary of these daily unquietnesses, that now they will have peace by any means if they can compass it.
Add., with seal. Endd. by Walsingham. Pp. 2¼.
July [8.] 214. James Home of Coldingknowes to Killegrew.
Has come into the East Marches to stay any inconvenience that may arise from the late accident at the Reidswire, and would be glad to meet him at the Bound Rood.—Friday. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
July 8. 215. The Regent of Scotland to Walsingham.
Has written to the Queen and her Council touching this late unhappy accident fallen out at the Middle Marches on the 7th inst., and is ready upon return of answer to proceed to that which shall be thought best for eschewing further breach and mischief, wherein he prays him to extend his friendly travails.—Dalkeith, 8 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
July 8. 216. Killegrew to Walsingham.
Informs him of the great inconvenient happened between the Lord Warden of the Middle Marches and the Laird of Carmichael, and desires to know the Queen's pleasure whether he shall proceed according to his former instructions or stay till he be further commanded. Hopes to be able to know what both parties can say for themselves, but beseeches him to communicate his advertisements only with such as will not make him the author of them, as this is not incident to his charge. Before this chance happened he learnt by Captain Errington that there was never better justice done on the Borders by the Scots than was done by Carmichael of late. It appears that this is no "pretensed" matter, even as the Deputy Warden here, immediately upon the news, rode forth to take order to keep the peace; the same was done on the side of Scotland, and where certain cattle was taken from Englishmen, the same was made sure to be redelivered upon the first call. Notwithstanding, unless this matter be wisely and temperately handled, the broken men and thieves of the Borders will draw this sudden misadventure to great inconvenience and dangerous consequence. Peace or war hangs now by a twine thread. There be more in this town who profess war than peace. Reminds him that the Regent long since desired that the Earl of Huntingdon might have some authority to oversee the proceedings of the Wardens, who has as yet no commission. Desires a warrant for the delivery of the ordnance in Home Castle, also for presenting Mr. Davison to remain as the Queen's agent, and that he may have a warrant for his allowances. Refers him for further relations to Mr. Selby.—Berwick, 8 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
July 8. 217. Edward Chester to Lord Burghley.
Since his letter of the 2nd inst. the Commendator has obtained six days' longer continuance of the parley. Dr. Junius, who was sent home to the French King, still remains. Cannot learn what answer he gets for the great secrecy with which they handle these affairs. The French King is very sick. M. Danville has surprised Narbonne. The University of Orleans is revolted from the King. M. de Beaujeu lately surprised Besançon, but was expelled again at the end of nine hours. The Prince is credibly informed from Antwerp that on Wednesday the 29th June the like murder should have been committed there on all such as were suspected to affect the Prince or religion as was done in Paris. The same night that it should have been put in execution, an Italian, who was one of the appointed instruments for the massacre, discovered the treason. Price and Dighton (two villains that shame their country) were two principal men who had undertaken to bring 300 of their countrymen to this unconscionable slaughter. The Commendator has offered that if they will give a respite till Hallowtide he will cause all his forces to withdraw from this country, and nothing shall be attempted against them; and further, that mutual repair and traffic to and from any of the King's dominions should be granted to the subjects on either side. The condition of withdrawing his forces with no attempting of ought against them, they like of, but refuse to have traffic or coming of any of the country into these parts. If no peace be now concluded, they certainly will defy the King as a tyrant, and seek their relief where they may best obtain it. He, therefore, puts them, in good hope of her Majesty's favour and care for their weal, that once again it may rest with her to accept or refuse their offers.—Dort, 8 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
July 8. 218. Sir John Forster to H. Killegrew.
Has thought good to advertise him of the matter fallen out betwixt him and the keeper of Liddlesdale. At the last meeting between Sir George Heron and Mr. Carmichael they could not agree in divers points, and so wrote to him to come to this meeting. The bills of Liddlesdale that they had to answer to the subject of England were very great for such spoils as they had made. What was done for the part of England for the preservation of peace, the gentlemen both of England and Scotland can record. Suddenly as they were talking an uproar was among the evil disposed. Carmichael desired him to stay the party of England, and said for the party of Scotland he would hang a hundred up on a hill for the example of others. Upon that the Laird of Bun Jedworth and others who were with Forster desired that Carmichael might go from him for the stay of the Scots, and thereupon he suffered him to depart, the English having the upper hand at that time. Forster seeing the matter like to come to great extremity with danger to himself and the gentlemen of England stayed his party, hoping that Carmichael would have done the like. Most of his company then went down the hill to get their horses, being "sparkled" abroad the field, saving himself and a small company of gentlemen with their servants being unarmed in peaceable manner, the said Carmichael's company being forth of their sight, they came with their forces, and gave them the onset with their footmen and horsemen, the English standing without armour which was the occasion of their loss. Sir Francis Russell who was something hurt is remaining at Jedworth, and he is here to set all the party of England home again at liberty, according to the treaty. Has in the mean time stayed all the Borders of England, so that they are as quiet as before. Desires to know the Regent's pleasure by the said Carmichael. In the meanwhile he has not written to the Queen or Council until he gets all things in good stay and quietness.—Bun Jedworth in Scotland, 8 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
July 9. 219. Edward Chester to the Queen.
The peace which has been here so long in parley is now in conclusion broken off and brought to no effect. On the 8th inst. came one of the Prince's commissioners to Dort from Breda to understand whether according to the demand of the King's commissioners they would yield them the possession of Flushing and Armuyden in Zealand, and of the Brielle and Enkhuisen in Holland, as assurance that the conditions of peace agreed upon should be observed, offering in return the Great Seal of the [King] and the words of the Emperor and certain Princes of Germany. Hereupon have they sent to refuse all further conference, and to protest never hereafter to give ear to any motion for parley, and for conclusion they will never become subject to their insolent tyranny, but seek relief wherever they shall obtain it. Now they arm themselves to answer the uttermost forces of their enemies, and say might they procure a sum of money they would chase them hence and unite all Holland. They are very desirous to know what is her affection towards them, and say that if they had not enemies about her they might have obtained grace as the Prince of Condé and the French faction have done. Sends the same news as that in his letter to Burghley of the 8th inst.—Dort, 9 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
July 9. 220. John Selby to Walsingham.
Yesterday, immediately after sending his letter mentioning the misfortune chanced to Sir John Forster, he repaired with the garrison horsemen of this town to the frontiers of the East Marches, having warned the gentlemen and country to meet him there, where he remained all that day for defence of the country if need required, understanding the Scots to be assembled with their Warden fore-anenst them. Encloses copy of a letter from the Warden. Has taken order with Sir Thomas Gray and the gentlemen of the country to stand upon their guard nightly, and has put 50 footmen into Wark Castle till further trial be had of their good neighbourhood. Cannot well make any perfect relation of the falling out of Sir John Forster and the Laird of Carmichael at Reedswire, but is informed by divers Scotsmen who were there, that being met and entered into justice, Sir John Forster and Carmichael fell at some hot argument, and waxed so in choler that the Laird of Carmichael made comparisons with any that was there. Sir John Forster seeing the people begin to tumult, did all in his power to keep them in peace; but the other who could not or would not, came on them with such force and sudden as in the medley Sir George Heron was slain, Sir John Forster taken, and Sir Francis Russell taken and hurt, but in no danger; Sir Cuthbert Collingwood taken, and most part of the gentlemen and servants who were there. Does not hear of any other slain out of hand, but three servants of Sir John Forster's, one or two of the Fenwick's, and one Shaftoe, a gentleman, and of the Scots slain four, but none of any value. The Laird of Carmichael rode presently to the Regent with the news, and commanded all prisoners to be kept till the Regent's pleasure was known. The Earl of Angus is in Jedworth, and is reported to be careful to have the peace kept. Refers him for particulars of the circumstances to Sir John Forster.—Berwick, 9 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
July 9. 221. Walter Williams to Walsingham.
Most part of the news they have here comes from Antwerp. It is said that by a captain, who was taken, it was discovered that 500, disguised and dispersed in divers places, should by sign of a fire shown by the Spaniards have set on fire all North Holland. A great number of the conspirators were taken and some of them executed. The town of Buren is taken, and the castle yielded up to the great dishonour of the captain, who has been punished with death. The Prince has caused Clonnder to be environed by his navy, so that the Spaniards may be famished. The Spaniards have beseiged Schoonhaven. It is reported that Danville has taken Narbonne since the bruit of his death. The French are loath to believe his death. The King wishes that the Prince of Condé or some other of the nobility were in France with whom he might come to an agreement, since there is little hope of good to be done with the commons. Out of Poland it is said that they have degraded the King, breaking his arms and defacing all monuments and remembrances of him. There are 2,000 horse in readiness for the Prince of Condé. It is said Schomberg is on the frontiers to empeach his entry into France.—Cologne, 9 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
July 10. 222. Sir John Forster to the Lords of the Privy Council.
Sir George Heron, keeper of Tindale and Reedsdale, not being able to agree with Sir John Carmichael the keeper of Liddlesdale, wrote to Forster, who thinking to have taken such order therein as they should have had no more trouble went to the meeting (gives an account of the affray nearly verbatim with that contained in his letter of the 8th inst. to Killegrew.) Assures them that notwithstanding the death of Sir George Heron the Borders are in as good quiet as ever they were. Begs that these meetings with keepers may be no more used.—Bun Jedworth, 10 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
July 11. 223. Sir John Forster to Killegrew.
Has received his letter of the 9th inst., with a copy of the Regent's letter. Hoped to have received answer from the said Regent by Carmichael that they might have departed home, but now it is turned to the contrary, for they are appointed by the Earl of Angus in his company to ride to Dalkeith to-morrow. That which the Regent doubts he need not, for he has sent his son to Harbottle Castle and caused him to take stay for all Redesdale, and likewise sent to the keeper of Tindale for the stay thereof, and taken such order that the Borders are as quiet as ever they were. Is credibly informed that the Regent thinks that he would go about to seek revenge for Sir George Heron's death; but neither his death nor that of 20 others shall hinder the amity betwixt the two realms in Forster's office otherwise than shall fall out upon the hearing and trial according to the treaties of peace. Thinks the Regent somewhat light of credit that upon the information of his own man, for the help of his own brabbling matter, he and the rest of the gentlemen taken within the meer ground of England traitorously under trust and promise should be detained here in warlike manner. When he comes into England again will meet none otherwise than with the Warden of Scotland, for if he had been on the ground they would have had no controversy.—Bun Jedworth, 11 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
July 12. 224. Walsingham to Killegrew.
1. Directs him to proceed to the Regent and persuade him that he commit Carmichael for a time to Edinburgh Castle, that it may appear to the world that her Majesty is not had by them in contempt.
2. He is also to move him to do execution on the murderers of Sir George Heron.—Kenilworth, 12 July 1575.
Copy. Endd. Pp. 2.
July 12. 225. The [Earl of Leicester] to John Selby.
By his letter of the 9th inst. her Majesty is better satisfied touching the late disorder, for that it should appear that it was not a matter pretended but rather unfortunately fell out by chance. Until she shall be further advertised from Sir John Forster and understands what the Regent will do she cannot otherwise direct his proceedings than that he should still stand upon his guard. She means presently to despatch hence the Lord of Hunsdon.—Kenilworth, 12 July 1575.
Endd. " A minute of a letter to Mr. Selby." P. 2/3.
July 12. 226. Daniel Rogers to the Prince of Orange.
1. As most of the complaints of the Queen of England's subjects are caused by an edict published by him in May 1574, forbidding traffic with Flanders, which is "diametrically" opposed to their privileges, and has been made the pretext for those of Flushing to confiscate their goods, her Majesty therefore requires that restitution shall be made to them for their losses and their privileges respected in future.
2. Gives the names of several Englishmen with their respective grievances which chiefly arise from the stay and confiscation of their vessels and goods, nonpayment of money advanced to or owing by the States, and arrears owing for military service.—Dort, 12 July 1575. Signed.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 6.
July 13. 227. M. Maillart to Walsingham.
Sends him four small pictures, portraits of the late King Charles, his wife, and Marshals Montmorency and Danville. Assures him that in return for the many services to him rendered he can always command his services.—Paris, 13 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
July 15. 228. Dr. Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Sends particularities of the doings of James Fitz Morris in this country, with a letter of his that he has intercepted. It seems to be requisite that the King were earnestly applied to to stay his hand re integra for Captain La Roche follows the Queen Mother at an inch and is never from her. There is talk the deputies will come again, and that now peace will be concluded indeed, whereof men gather the mere probability for that the more the King prepares for war the less he finds himself able thereunto. This Court is so bare of money that the Queen Blanche cannot get any to bear her charges to see her child at Amboise, and of late the table of her household has been unserved; yet there is owing her little lack. There is some displeasure arisen between the Emperor and the King because the Emperor makes earnest suit to have an election of a new King in Poland, and sues to have the kingdom for himself as he did at the last election for his son. Is advertised the King has received a letter from the Scottish Queen's hand, knows not how it should come unless by the French Ambassador's man. It is spread withal the Regent is slain. Pinart has sent him word that he will pay Warcup and Nutshawe if they will send their writings.—Paris, 15 Aug. 1575. Signed.
2. P.S.—La Beausse's matter is no more spoken of, he is prisoner still in the Bois de Vincennes. Monsieur remains in good countenance. Mauvissiere is hastened to despatch himself to come to England; he is newly married to the daughter of M. La Forest, who was ambassador in England.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¾.
July 15. 229. Of James Fitz Morris and other Matters.
James Fitz Morris remains at St. Malo with his wife and 22 persons, awaiting answer from Captain La Roche, who is at the Court soliciting for him. Their expectation is first to see if the King may obtain pardon for James Fitz Morris with restitution of his lands and goods, if not that La Roche shall get him commission to furnish him with 10 or 12 ships either to spoil the sea coast in Ireland or else to land as they shall have power or assistance. In the meantime he makes his account to be maintained at the King's charges. Cannot learn the certainty of the pension, he himself says it is 700 crowns by the year, and he has received 700 already. He promises the King no less than to make him lord of Ireland if he may have help. A certain merchant of St. Malo hangs upon him to have at a low price such merchandise as he may get by spoiling. There is a secret speech in the Court that the King has given La Roche 10 or 12 ships. Upon the 12th of this present the Marquis of Nomeni, the Queen's brother, married the sole daughter and heir of M. Martignes, one of the richest marriages in France, with as great solemnity, cost, and preparation as might be used; towards the charges of which the King gives 100,000 francs. The Rochellois have taken a strong castle called Benon belonging to M. de la Tremouille, six leagues from Rochelle, between Niort and St. Jean d'Angeli. Enclosure.
Pp. 1½.
July 15. 230. Dr. Dale to Francis Walsingham.
Does the best he can to persuade the King to cast off James Fitz Morris. La Beausse's matter is handled cunningly that men can know little of it. They look continually to hear of their Garter. There is much descanting upon the departure of M. de Meru from thence.—Paris, 12 July. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
July 15. 231. John Willes to Walsingham.
One of the four captains [of the intended rising in Paris] has been put to death and quartered, and said he died guilty of that he was condemned. It was the cause of his death to stop the people's ears that he and his company would have joined with the scholars to put fire to Paris and killed the Italians, which was nothing so. La Beausse has confessed many things, and has accused the Duke. Hears he shall be lodged in Bois de Vincennes for the prison is a making ready, and it is thought for him. The King and Queen Mother love him not, but say the river is too good for him without he do leave off his enterprises against the King. News is come the 5th of this by a captain that says he was there of the taking of Montbrun; he brought no letter, nor never since has any packet come from that country to firm it to be true. Is of opinion it is not true, but that the King has lost 3,000 "shivis," [Swiss] saving 400 that did escape, and 7 ancients of footmen, and 200 harquebussiers "a horseback." They say that after the battle 300 fresh men charged Montbrun and took him sore hurt. Is advertised M. de "Gavis" takes upon him the whole government of that country; that there are three or four towns rendered to them, and that they lost at the most 40 horsemen at the battle, and be stronger than ever they were. The King is advertised that M. de Torcy marches with some force, and that M. de Guise within this four days goes to the frontiers to meet them with 7,000 or 8,000 men. They of Rochelle have taken seven ships of Brittany going abroad, and carried them to Rochelle as good prize as men-ofwar coming to [besiege] them; the galleys of Nantes going to recover them left there two galleys. The King is very angry and has sent Baron la Garde to see if he can get them again. The Irishman has 12 ships in readiness to go to sea with 1,500 men, they talk large, and say to Ireland or to Scotland. The King sets forth 32. They say there are 17 Scottish ships at Antwerp going to sea, and that Adam Gordon is in them, he went from Dieppe to them in post; fears there is some double dealing towards the Regent, it is feared among his countrymen that some of the chiefest about him be not true to him. The 10th, the Bishop of Ross brought letters to the King signed and sealed with the hand of the Queen of Scots, he makes the bruit the Regent is slain. The peace is "talked much," but Danville is stout in his affairs, and as yet the deputies be not come all. The enterprise of Picardy has failed and is discovered. The King has sent some of his galleys from Marseilles to Constantinople. Mauvissiere will be with them within 15 days Ambassador in La Mothe's place. The King makes great preparation for wars out of hand. M. Rohan is dead, M. Fontaine's brother.—Paris, 15 July 1575. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd.: "From John Furrier." Pp. 2.
July. 232. Copy of part of the above letter.
Endd. P. ¾.
[July 15.] 233. — to —.
All that he can learn of the taking of Montbrun is that knowing M. de Suze, M. de Lestan, and others were going to join with those who were besieging M. de Gordes, Governor of Dauphiny, in Die, he determined to charge them with 300 or 400 horse. He received a wound in the knee and another in the thigh and was made prisoner, having lost not more than 25 or 30 of his men. The morrow M. de Vauqueran, brother-in-law of M. de Gua, went with all his force and charged the besiegers of Die, putting them to flight and performing a marvellous exploit. M. de Gordes is still besieged in Die. The Huguenots are masters of the country.
Copy. Fr. P. 2/3.
July 15. 234. John Selby to Walsingham.
Has sent Mr. Errington to Sir John Forster to be instructed thoroughly of the whole occasion of the late quarrel, and upon his return will advertise him with all diligence. Sir John Forster, Sir Francis Russell, Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, James Ogle, and Mr. Fenwick of Stanton, with other gentlemen remain at Dalkeith with the Regent, and the rest are kept by their takers as prisoners. On the same day, immediately after the quarrel, the Scots ran a foray upon the water of Reed, and took away 300 cattle, which they still detain. Has taken such order in the East Marches that there has been no attempts committed on either part. Notwithstanding the best of these Borders be well willing to seek revenge for the death and loss of their dear friends, yet they are obedient to observe the peace until the Queen's pleasure be further known herein. Complains that the Treasurer's men have not disbursed a penny to any captain or soldier within this town for the last year's pay. Cannot as yet answer the certain number of those slain, as there have been sundry found slain who were hurt in the chase.—Berwick, 15 July 1575. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
July 15. 235. Deposition of Henry, King of Poland.
Proclamation in the name of the Estates of Poland, declaring the throne vacant, and absolving every one from their allegiance to Henry of Valois.—Cracow, 15 July 1575.
Endd. Lat. P. 1.
236. Another copy.
Endd. Lat. P. 1.