Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 13, 1578-1579. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.
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Ecclo. See Eecloo.
Echevins of Ghent, proposed change of constitution of, 444.
-, Julius, Bishop of Wrzburg, Commissioner on part of Emperor to treat for peace between Spain and the Estates General of Netherlands, 468 (p. 360), 494
-, Bishop of Ross accredited to, 516, by Papal brief, 565.
Edict of Pacification
-, of A.D. 1570, in France, to be published at L'Isle Jourdain, 393, 423
-, conference at Nrac to provide for observation of, 579.
Edinburgh, in hands of rebellious lords, 141.
Eecloo, Ecclo, letter dated at, 282.
Egerton, Thomas, Deputy of the Merchant Adventurers, letter from to Lord Burghley, 503.
Egmont, Lamoral, Count, his son's disgrace on the anniversary of his execution, 688, 691.
-, Philip, Count, lord of Armentires, 58.
-, -, his regiment in camp of Estates, at Enghien, 61, 62, 63.
-, -, in garrison at Nivelles, 272.
-, -, visits Duke John Casimir at Ghent
-, burghers threaten to arrest as malcontent, 338.
-, -, at St. Omer
-, his lieutenant, the governor there, intrigues with malcontents, 380
-, visited at St. Omer by M. de la Motte, 399.
-, -, further intrigues of his lieutenant, 444.
-, -, proposal to appoint, colonel of bodyguard for the Estates, 476.
-, -, estimate of forces under, for coming year, the expense charged on Artois, &c., 585.
-, -, his companies sent to defend Antwerp, 591.
-, -, summoned to St. Omer by garrison, 621, goes thither in disguise, 623, fails in enterprise, and abandons town to M. de la Motte, 629
-, returns with report that St. Omer is safe, 635.
-, -, his plot to seize Brussels with Walloons, foiled on the anniversary of his father's execution, 687, 688, 691
-, professes regret, 691.
-, -, conference between, and members of Archduke's Privy Council
-, hope of securing, for relief of Maestricht, 694.
-, -, failure to secure
-, he concludes league with MM. de Montigny and de Hze, 695.
-, -, siezes Ninove, Ath and Nivelle, ibid (p. 526).
-, Sabine, Countess of, relict of Lamoral, Count Egmont, daughter of John, Duke of Simmeren, aunt of Duke John Casimir, her dower at Armentires, 58.
-, Ehemius, Dr. Christopher, Chancellor to Palsgrave, Frederick, procures newsletter for Davison, 95
-, Chancellor to Duke John Casimir, mentioned, 516
-, letter from, to Walsingham, with list of papers found on Bishop of Ross, 565.
Eindhoven, Eyndhoven, defeat of Duke John Casimir's 'reiters' at, 560.
-, Larach, Larache, taken by Portuguese, 85
-, mentioned, 210 (p. 167), 696 (4).
El Hamira, Rehamina, in Morocco, 210.
-, Alcazar, battle of, described, 210
-, mentioned, 484.
El Morro del Moro Moreno, 615.
Elector Palsgrave. See Lewis.
Electors of Germany, named in treaty between Duke of Anjou and Estates of Netherlands, 163.
-, the two. See John George
Elizabeth, Queen of England :
her instructions to Davison
-, to require the Estates of the Netherlands and the Prince of Orange to stay any negotiations with the Duke of Anjou, until the arrival of her special embassy, 3
-, covering letter from Walsingham, 4.
approves dispatch from Davison, 6.
letter to, from Catherine de Medicis, in reply to her message by Edward Stafford, desiring her speedy marriage to Duke of Anjou, 8.
Duke of Anjou recommended to conciliate, 9 (p. 7).
her instructions to Ambassadors sent to Netherlands, drafts and final text, 15, 16, 17, 18.
her scheme to secure the co-operation of Duke John Casimir and the Duke of Anjou against Don John, with English intervention if required, 17.
Poulett instructed by, to ascertain French view of her co-operation with Duke of Anjou in Netherlands
-, his comments, 21.
her policy to encourage the Huguenots to act with Duke, ibid.
danger incurred by, in assisting the Estates of the Netherlands, of the arrest of her subjects' goods in Spain, 24.
her reply to the Duke of Anjou's Agent
-, if the Duke rescued the Netherlands from Spanish tyranny, without usurping authority there, she would support him, 25.
the Duke accepts Poulett's proffer of her co-operation, 28.
makes light of application from Ireland for money and troops to withstand Stukeley's descent
-, Wilson's anxiety at her indifference, 31.
Duke of Anjou asserts that he has received encouragement from her
-, Davison in ignorance of fact, 33.
Walsingham instructs Davison to write to Secretary Wilson with reasons which might induce her to forward bonds for loan, and to forego the first receipts on them, 40.
Lord Leicester's presence with, desired by Walsingham, 41.
her bonds applied for, for money taken up by the Estates, 43.
pleased with good reception of her Embassy, vexed at its slow advance, 47.
courted by all parties in Scotland, ibid.
proposes to hand over person of pirate to Denmark, in lieu of compensation, ibid.
revokes bill signed for 'waste of provender,' ibid.
lulled by favourable reports from Netherlands, Scotland, &c., orders ships to be 'discharged'
-, Wilson's alarm, 49
-, further expression of his alarm at her false security, 52.
her condemnation, re Schmalkald conference, of divisions among Protestants, 54.
her desire to co-operate with Emperor's Ambassador for peace in Netherlands
-, her hopes from Don John's ill success and his differences with his brother
-, her dissatisfaction with Estates re loan
-, her request for cautionary towns to be delivered to
-, her mislike of the invitation to the Duke of Anjou, not to be taken as absolute, 57.
questions addressed by, to the Estates, 64
-, their reply, in detail, 72, 73, 74.
Walsingham's anxiety that she should make sure of Scotland, 66.
preparations in France alleged to be directed against, to deter, from foreign intervention, 71.
in progress at Ham, 77.
the proclamation of toleration for religion in the Netherlands, in her opinion, 'a hasty change,' like to bring ruin on them by division, 77.
the Estates' request for funds 'hardly digested' by, 'being a money matter,' ibid.
her reliance on Duke of Anjou's word, ibid.
Agent despatched to, by Duke, 84, vi Paris, 87 bis.
her sending embassy, without definite assurance of aid, to Netherlands, drives Estates into arms of Duke of Anjou
-, her credit destroyed by her delay in signing bonds for loan, as promised
-, Walsingham's denunciation of her action, 87.
Duke of Anjou's attitude to, as declared by his Agents to Walsingham, 89.
her refusal to send aid to Netherlands, as promised in her letter to Davison of 22 May, the direct cause of acceptance by Estates of Duke of Anjou's intervention
-, statement by Prince of Orange to this effect, endorsed by Walsingham, ibid.
further remonstrance by Walsingham on her delay in signing bonds, ibid (p. 71).
-, furious at refusal of Estates to treat with Don John
-, demands 'cautionary towns,' while refusing to make further advances
-, Lord Burghley's deep disapproval of her conduct, 91, 92, 93, 94.
her anger in part explained by miscarriage of dispatches, 93, 102, 107.
Davison's remonstrance at nondelivery of her bonds, 98.
Estates inform Duke of Anjou they will not treat with him without her privity, 99, 100, 101.
grounds of her displeasure with Walsingham, (1) That he did not insist on repayment by Estates of previous loans, (2) That he did not resent the 'imperious' tone of their 'articles,' which ill became 'subjects,' 102.
Lord Leicester's remonstrances with her
-, her obstinacy
-, her desire for towns 'in pledge,' 103.
orders Walsingham to enquire whether Duke of Anjou proposes to marry daughter of Prince of Orange, after making overtures of marriage to herself, 106.
persistent-representations to her by Lord Leicester, as to signing bonds
-, her continued refusal, 106
-, the like remonstrance by Lord Cobham and Walsingham, 107, 108.
approves dispatch from Davison, 113.
Walsingham expresses soreness at hard measure dealt him by, 119.
M. de Champagni's proposal, that she should 'receive' the Estates 'into her protection and restore them,' after Don John's removal, to the King of Spain, 120.
Walsingham's chagrin at her treatment, expressed in private letter, 121.
her treatment of Scottish representatives in doubt
-, loath to treat them as Ambassadors, being in rebellion against lawful Queen
-, comments on the results of her scruples, 122, 123.
better pleased with Walsingham, but determined not to sign bonds, ibid, 123.
orders a surprise inspection of accounts of Ordnance Office, ibid.
overtures renewed to, for match with Duke of Anjou, 123.
Wilson reports her continued obstinacy, re loan, to Walsingham
-, she expects much from Walsingham's interview with Duke of Anjou
-, her strange neglect of her chances, 124.
favourable to Scottish overtures, 124.
receives French Ambassador and Agent of Duke of Anjou in audience, 141.
dismisses Scottish Ambassador 'without reward,' and with general promises, only, of support for his master, 141.
letter of compliment and excuse to, from Duke John Casimir, 143.
Lord Sussex asserts that she can only influence the Duke of Anjou by marrying him, 148.
Lord Leicester's analysis of her sentiments to the Duke of Anjou, she hopes to manage him, without marrying him
-, any 'mistrust of his affection' or 'mislike to match' offends her
-, but to marry him she has no inclination, 149.
troubled with rheumatism, ibid.
offended with Duke John Casimir for 'giving out that his coming was by her means,' she neither bade him come, nor would maintain him, ibid.
her instructions to Walsingham
-, doubts the Duke of Anjou's intentions
-, admits he is there on her invitation
-, desires that he should be 'moved to desist,' with offer of towns to recoup his expenses, to prove his sincerity, unless his aid is a necessity to the Estates, 151, 152.
Lord Burghley's dispatch, covering the above, and criticising it, 153.
favourably disposed to Walsingham, 154, cf. 151 circ. fin.
growing alarm of, at Duke of Anjou's intentions
-, to prevent his becoming 'Lord' of the Netherlands, or joining in with Spain, she will send troops, and sign bonds
-, she will require towns 'in pledge,' 159
-, Wilson's approval, Lord Bughley's doubts, 160, 161
-, her change of front due in Knolly's opinion to bravery of English troops in recent action, 162.
urged by Lord Cobham to furnish subsidy to Estates, 166.
the Estates apply to, for her approval of their treaty with Duke of Anjou, 169.
her great reception in Norwich
-, prepares troops, nominally against 'recusants,' encouraged by Lord Leicester
-, her match with the Duke of Anjou 'very forward,' 171.
signifies, by dispatch from Privy Council, her approval of treaty between the Estates and Duke of Anjou, subject to their retaining their allegiance to Spain, 174, 175.
dispatch to, from Powlett, 186, 187.
Don John's letter to, 190.
instructions from, to Ambassadors
-, commenting in detail on terms of treaty between the Duke of Anjou and the Estates, and agreeing to advance 10,000l. to Estates on security of jewels, 197, 198, 199
-, comments of Lord Burghley, Lord Leicester, Sir Christopher Hatton, Wilson, and Lord Sussex, on above dispatch, 200, 201, 202, 203, 205.
unpopularity in England of her proposed marriage, 200
-, comments on match by Lord Leicester, 201, and Lord Sussex, 205.
influenced by gossip of some that went over with English embassy and returned, 208.
Privy Council, in Scottish matters, obliged to negotiate without her cognizance, ibid.
Walsingham writes to Wilson and Lord Burghley and others that she had alienated the affections of the Netherlands
-, the Huguenot leaders had learned not to rely on her
-, Scotland had been dissapointed by her
-, the Duke of Anjou was to be dismissed unsatisfied
-, at home, the country was ready for revolt, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220.
communicates to Poulett, by letter from Privy Council, the substance of her negotiation with M. de Rambouillet, 228, 229, 230.
applies to Henry III. to expel English rebels from France, previously expelled from Spain, ibid.
appeal to, by Duke John Casimir
-, for want of the aid she had promised him his army was wasting away, 231.
dispatch to, from Poulett
-, the Duke of Anjou may grow to friendship with Spain, with danger to her
-, discontent in France, &c., 232, 233.
memorandum of her speech to M. de Bacqueville, the Duke of Anjou's Agent, inviting the Duke to visit her, as privately as might be, without prejudice to her ultimate decision as to the marriage, 234.
Poulett's aspiration that she may have the will to profit by the blessings with which she has been 'endewed,' 235.
report of her speech to M. de Bacqueville (No. 234), with comments, by Lord Burghley, sent to Walsingham, 238.
instructions from, to Ambassadors, on what terms she make further advance to the Estates, 241, 242, 244.
Walsingham recapitulates, in letter to Lord Burghley, the effects of her policy in alienating all her friends, 243.
approves efforts of Ambassadors
-, declines to recall them
-, refuses to follow Wilson's advice re loan, though backed by Hatton and Lord Burghley, 245.
her speeches reported to Don John by Mendoza, 245.
Lord Cobham reports effects, on the Estates, and Duke John Casimir, of her refusal of aid, 247.
Lord Dudley deplores her 'slackness' to Walsingham, 248.
a peace, alone, can save her from effects of her perverseness
-, Lord Sussex's opinion delivered to same, 249.
instructions from, to Ambassadors, to negotiate an understanding for a mutual reduction of their forces by the Estates, Don John and the Duke of Anjou, pending negotiation of peace by Emperor
-, and an Interim in matters of religion, the chief obstacle to peace
-, their return home left to their discretion, 253, 256
-, despatch written on Lord Burghley's advice, 255.
renewed efforts to induce her to advance full 100,000l. to the Estates
-, her continued refusal
-, 'gages' demanded, 255.
Walsingham, in letter to Cecil, resents her attention to secret advisers, thus impugning either his loyalty or his discernment
-, as to the Netherlands, the country was strong enough, and the government good enough, to become independent, if supported by her
-, she habitually dislikes what is most to her advantage. e.g. the spread of Protestantism in Netherlands
-, he declines further to persuade her
-, her marriage negotiation with Duke of Anjou futile, 260.
letter from the Estates General to the Ambas, lamenting her 'closeness'
-, desiring them to return home and represent case to her, and consenting to her demand for jewels, &c., 265.
Walsingham thanked by Duke's Agent for promoting match with, 266.
letter, drafted by Daniel Rogers, excusing her treatment of Duke John Casimir, 268.
report to, of Ambassadors' proceedings re loan, 269.
her proposal for armistice and reduction of Estates' forces laid before them, 270.
the Prince of Orange requests Lord Burghley to use his influence with, to secure aid for Netherlands, 277.
allusion to her employment of Duke John Casimir, in lieu of sending her own troops, 296 (p. 228).
Poulett reports to, the efforts of the Queen Mother, Henry III., Spain and the Pope, to draw the Duke of Anjou into a Spanish match
-, he believes the Duke, guided by Bussy and Simier, prefers English alliance, 298.
ill with faceache
-, Walsingham reports bad influences used with, which he hopes to dispel, &c., 299.
her supposed orders to Duke John Casimir to seize Flanders, 304.
accused of supporting Duke John Casimir and the men of Ghent, ibid (p. 236), 309.
directs, by Wilson, that 8,000l. for Duke John Casimir's troops shall be paid to the 'chiefs of the Council' of the Estates, rather than to the Estates, having 'a better liking for the nobility,' 306
-, like order conveyed by Walsingham, 322.
Davison enjoined by, to bid the Estates to leave off quarreling and to be temperate qua religion, 316.
Walsingham anxious that her alleged support of Duke John Casimir at Ghent should be repudiated, 319, 328.
Walsingham reports to Davison that he had endeavoured to counteract intrignes of Spanish party with
-, her consent reluctantly given to advance 8,000l. to the Estates, 322.
Junius returns from, and reports negotiation with, to Davison, 324.
Rossel recommends that she should write to Emperor re peace, 333 (p. 255).
gratification in Netherlands at her reported disapproval of Duke John Casimir's move to Ghent, 338.
Villiers 'practises' her marriage to Duke of Anjou, ibid.
negotiation by Simier, to induce her to forego interview with Duke of Anjou, and to discuss sureties on either side forthwith, 340, 341, 342.
her assent to proposal to send Simier to her taken as equivalent to her consent to accept the Duke of Anjou, 348.
to be induced to write 'roundly' to Duke John Casimir, that Davison may use letter to correct impression of her connivance in Duke's escapade, 349.
resents attribution to her, of Duke John Casimir's move to Ghent
-, desires Davison to go to Ghent, 356, vexed at his delay in proceeding thither, 369.
unwilling to keep her obligations to Spinola and Pallavicino
-, the Estates advised to arrange postponement, ibid.
disposed to grant a reversion to Davison
-, has no intention of giving it to 'Payne's son,' ibid.
letters to, from King and Queen Mother of France, 359, 360, 361.
strictures on her behaviour to Duke John Casimir, in letter from Beutterich to Rogers, 365.
Duke John Casimir requires to be informed by Walsingham if Davison's communication was by her orders, 366.
annoyed at Davison's delay in going to Ghent
-, disavows Duke John Casimir and Beutterich
-, money meant for, to be otherwise applied
-, has no wish further to aid the Estates, 369.
officially informed by Prince of Parma of his succession to Don John, she replies, 372, 385, 459, 472.
prisoners at Ghent desire to be put under her protection, 373.
solicited to lend the Estates the sum advanced by Spinola for redemption of jewels, ibid.
Duke John Casimir applies to Lord Leicester to learn if Davison's language is with her authority, 375, 376.
letter to, from Duke John Casimir
-, he cannot credit that writing handed to him by Davison was by her instructions, 377.
replies to Simier
-, declines to discuss articles before interview with Duke of Anjou
-, he is at liberty to propound points that seem obscure in previous negotiation, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391.
letter to, from Jacques Rossel, on progress of French plot in Netherlands, 397.
approves Davison's discourse to Duke John Casimir, 403.
discovery of Spanish inclinations of Artois, &c., makes it expedient for her to reconcile the Duke and the Prince of Orange, ibid.
Simier's commission to treat with, 405, 406.
Duke John Casimir's narrative of his dealings with, 408.
ill with toothache, unable to attend to business, 411, practical advantage therefrom, 419, 439.
finds fault with Davison's slackness in reporting
-, her letter to Prince of Parma not mentioned as delivered
-, grants Davison's suit (cf. No. 356, and No. 489), 459.
Wilson reports to Davison her approval of his action at Ghent
-, she despairs of the Estates, 490
-, Davison's comments, 513.
letter to, from Duke of Anjou
-, 'the most perfect goddess of the heavens,' &c., 491.
suspicion that she would hinder peace in Netherlands, 'for her own repose,' 494.
proposal to invite, to act as arbitrator, jointly with Emperor, between Spain and Netherlands, 506.
Davison 'under correcton' marvels she should 'wrong her credit' by refusing to meet bonds given by her, on behalf of the Estates, 512.
her letters on behalf of the prisoners at Ghent, 516 (cf. 506).
Walsingham anxious an Envoy should be accredited to, by the Estates, to bring her to a better mind re bonds, 526
-, the next day he informs Davison that the dispatch of such an Envoy would be useless, 527.
she writes, on the suggestion of Simier, to the Estates, to protest against their treatment of the Duke of Anjou, 527, 540, 544
-, proposes to recall Davison, to save expense, and on account of the ingratitude of the Estates for benefits received, 530.
the Estates despair of any good result from embassy to, 531.
welcomes Duke John Casimir, on finding he asks for no favours, 530, 545.
changes her mind, and will not revoke Davison, 545.
repudiates her bonds, 546, 569, 571.
Serranus presents his 'Plato' to, 548.
letter from, to the Duke of Anjou, alluding to his 'misuse' by a 'true mob,' 566.
confers Garter on Duke John Casimir
-, allows Beutterich to kiss hands, 569.
merchants of Antwerp protest against her patent to Tipper, 571.
complaints addressed to, re piracy, by King of Denmark, 577.
efficacy of her letter in procuring removal from Ghent of the prisoners, 583.
has no inclination to meet her bonds, 584.
will probably marry the Duke, to provide for her safety, though match not greatly to her liking, 584.
Davison hopes that, on receipt of the jewels, she will honour her bonds, 597
-, hopes she will keep her credit 'unspotted,' 610.
complimentary letters from, to the Queen of Navarre, 603, the Queen Mother, 604, and Duke of Anjou, 605.
Rossel trusts she will not marry the Duke, 609.
request to, from the Estates for the 30,000fl., 611.
letter to, from the Grand Turk, 613.
issues Letters of Marque to Drake, 615 (p. 459).
Poulett, in letter to, describes his audience with the Duke of Anjou, 618.
the Duke of Anjou's inclination to, to be gauged by his 'good or bad amity' with the Due de Guise, 619.
letter from, to the Duke of Anjou, commending his servant, 620.
refuses extra allowance to Davison, 622.
letter from, to the Estates of Holland and Zealand on behalf of Mr. Goddard, 632.
arguments for, and against, her marriage to the Duke of Anjou, in Lord Burghley's handwriting, 633.
letter from, to the Estates, notifying them that she has ordered Mr. Davison to bring over the jewels of theirs, which she had in pledge
-, and that, being unable to meet her obligations, the term must be prolonged, 645
-, covering letter from Walsingham to Davison
-, the Estates must give bonds to repay the interest accruing during prolongation
-, the 30,000fl. for taking the jewels out of pledge she would not pay, 646
-, letter from her, to Davison, suggesting proper excuse to be made to the Estates for non-payment of the 30,000fl., 648, 649.
dispatch to, from Poulett, describing audience with king, 650, 651.
Henry III. professes to desire brother's marriage with
-, compliments her on her good seat, 650.
Simier extols her wit, &c., 652.
the Estates write to, for bond for the 30,000fl. and payment of the 28,000l.
-, Davison earnest that she should not impair her credit, 658.
gratified by letters from the Estates
-, Prince of Orange advised to pay her the compliment of corresponding with, 660.
letters from, on behalf of merchants of Ipswich, to Prince of Orange and the Estates of Holland and Zealand, 662, 663.
dispatch to, from Poulett, with account of the Duke of Anjou's reception in Paris, and preparations for his journey to England, 667 bis.
doubts occasioned to the Estates by her recall of Davison, 669, 670.
Sturmius proposes to dedicate his 'Antipappi' to
-, advises her to send fresh embassy to German States, 673.
dispatch from, to Poulett, on the demands put forward on behalf of the Duke of Anjou, and the grounds for refusing, 674.
alleged preparations of Spain against, 'the sole succour of Religion,' 677.
letters to, from the Prince of Orange, and the Marquis of Havrech, in commendation of Davison, on his recall, 679, 680.
overtures to, by Portugal, 686 (pp. 518, 519).
to be solicited to write to Germany, for good of Church, 692.
letter to, from the Queen of Navarre, 698.
-, instructions by, to Ambassadors (Cobham and Walsingham), 15, 16, 17, 18.
-, letters and dispatches from, 3, 19, 54, 151, 152, 159, 197, 198, 199, 241, 242, 253, 256, 566, 603, 604, 605, 620, 632, 645, 648, 662, 663, 674.
-, letters and dispatches to, 2, 8, 9, 10, 37, 71, 143, 169, 186, 187, 190, 231, 232, 233, 298, 359, 360, 361, 377, 491, 577, 611, 613, 618, 650, 667 bis, 679, 680, 698.
Elizabeth, the Empress, wife of Charles V., 607.
Elmenhorst, John, of Lbeck, attacked by English pirates, 577.
Elst, Eltz, Anthony van, brother of the Elector of Tryre', commands 'reiters' for Prince of Parma, 496.
-, James van, Archbishop and Elector of Trves, Peace Commissioner of Emperor, 473
-, his brother with the Prince of Parma, 496 (p. 379)
-, Bishop of Ross accredited to, 516, by Papal brief, 565.
Elvas, Eblis, 682.
Emanuel, Manuel, King of Portugal, claim of King Philip by descent from, 607.
Emanuel-Philibert, Duke of Savoy :
his truce with Geneva, 21 (p. 16).
sends Ambassador to dissuade Duke of Anjou from adventure in Netherlands, 111, 120, 126.
his dread of the French, 185.
said to be going to relief of Franche-Comt, 323.
visited by Duc de Mayenne, 423.
his Ambassador appears in Cortes to urge his claim to Portuguese succession, 696 (2).
Embize, Embese, Embise. See Hembyze.
Emden, Embden, routes from, to Frankfort and Mainz, 626.
Emmerich, Duke John Casimir to cross Rhine at, 144.
Emperor, The. See Rudolf II.
Empress, The. See Elizabeth.
-, Dowager, The. See Mary of Castille.
Ems, river, 626.
-, engagement near, 33
-, camp of army of Estates General of Netherlands at, 61, 62, 63.
mission to Germany from, 2, 25, given up, 47.
trade relations of, with Hamburg, 29, 30.
Privy Council in, meets ordinarily on Sunday, 31.
copper forbidden to be exported from, 32.
pirate from, injures Danish trade
-, proposed mission touching, 47.
navy reduced in, 49.
Queen alleges dissatisfaction in, at at 'treasure being transported out of realm,' 57 (p. 41).
vessels from, beat off English pirate, 71.
details of English loan to Duke John Casimir, 116.
English troops in service of the Estates, their pay, 117.
application on behalf of Haarlem and Leyden to export wool from, 164.
unpopularity in, of Queen's marriage, 200.
Walsingham on the smouldering discontent in, and Queen's neglect of it, 215.
soldiers from, in Netherlands, unpaid, starving, compelled to go looting
-, half of them dead with plague, &c., 227.
English rebels at Rouen
-, application for their expulsion, 228.
'English regiments,' in service of the Estates 'melting away as by a slow fire,' 317.
Duke John Casimir welcomed in, as a defender of religion, 530, 545, 569.
German Count, a Divinity student in, 563.
arrests made in, by private individuals, 'under colour of certain bills of the States,' 571.
trade relations between, and Turkey, opened, 613.
alleged Spanish preparations against, 677.
James Fitzgerald speaks of, as the place from which schism is propagated, 685.
- See also Elizabeth
-, Merchant Adventurers.
-, King of, castle built by a, at Tournai, 58.
-, Sir Francis, arrives in Paris
-, Poulett watches, 348.
-, in service of Estates General of Netherlands, in Gueldres, 13
-, Sluys and Flushing required as base for, 17
-, their good conduct dependent on regular pay
-, in camp at Wilden, 22, moved to Ost, 23
-, recruits to be equipped from Antwerp
-, a quartermaster in trouble ;
-, a chaplain required for, 23
-, in camp at Bois-le-Duc, 61, 62, 63
-, bloody affray between, and people of Lierre, 126
-, distinguish themselves in action near Rymenam, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139
-, effect of their gallantry on Queen's resolution
-, importance of appointing Norris as their Colonel. 162
-, efforts to raise money for their pay, 176
-, in camp unpaid and starving, compelled to raid, one half dead of disease, 227, wastage among, 272-278
-, in Don John's service, at Gravelines, 276
-, in service of the Estates 'made little account of,' resentment at home, 299
-, to go into garrison in Netherlands, if disbanded, 325
-, at Anstrate, with Scots
-, attack on, probable, 407
-, Englishmen in garrison at Gravelines under M. de la Motte, 488 (p. 372)
-, suggested employment of, to guard the Estates General when in session at Brussels, 504
-, cover flight of 'reiters,' 560
-, in garrison at Herenthals, 587, 591
-, their valour at Borgenhout, 595
-, mentioned, 600
-, waylay the Abbot of St. Michael in Antwerp and hold him to ransom on a hoy in river, to secure their pay, 638
-, letter from Walsingham on behalf of Mr. Cobham, who has remained unpaid in respect of companies he raised, 640
-, sent to reinforce M. de la Noue in Flanders, 647
-, refused admission to Mechlin by burghers, 653, 656
-, at Ravestein, about to cross Maas, 687
-, mutiny for pay
-, refuse to leave Meghem, 694.
English Embassy (Lord Cobham and Sir Francis Walsingham) to the Netherlands :
negotiations between Estates and Duke of Anjou to be stayed pending their arrival, 3.
about to start, 6, anxiously awaited, 13.
instructions for, 15, 16, 17, 18.
letters of credence for, 19.
-, too great expectations from, deprecated, 24.
arrive at Dunkirk, leave for Nieuport, well received, 37.
declaration by Ambassadors that subsidy for Duke Casimir is in their hands, in money, 39.
Davison reports Dampmartin's oration to the Ambassadors, 42.
Queen pleased with good reception given to, vexed at their slow advance, 47, 49.
ingots in hands of, for pay of Duke Casimir's troops, to be handed to attorneys of the Estates, to be coined, 51.
instructions by, to gentlemen in suite of, to observe attitude of towns in Netherlands to Don John, to religion, and to taxation, with special reports thereon, 55, 58-63
-, mentioned by Lord Cobham, 65.
substance of negotiations between, and Prince of Orange, 57.
summary, under eleven heads, of matters laid by, before the Estates, in form of questions, 64
-, the reply of the Estates seriatim to each article, 72, 73, 74.
Agents of Duke of Anjou to confer with, 71
-, their coming delayed, 76, arrive, 80
-, 'dally with' the Ambassadors, 81
-, remonstrances by Poulett, at Paris, to Duke's Agent, on this score, 84.
futility of the mission explained by Walsingham
-, the Estates looked for aid
-, he brought none
-, they would, accordingly, come to terms with Duke of Anjou
-, the Queen's credit destroyed, 87.
the Ambassadors borrow small sum in Antwerp on Queen's (unsigned) bonds, 88.
report of communications between, and Agents of Duke of Anjou, 89.
recalled by, letter from Privy Council
-, the Queen's anger at failure of their negotiation for peace, and their neglect to secure repayment of former loans, 91, 92, 93, 94.
the Estates desire the Duke of Anjou to send Agent, with full powers, to treat with, and them, 99, 100, 101.
grounds of Queen's offence with, (1) that they did not require repayment by Estates of previous loans, (2) that they did not rebuke the Estates for the imperiousness of their attitude to Don John, 102.
instructed to interview Duke of Anjou, 106.
letters from Lord Cobham and Walsingham to Lord Burghley, with thanks for his good offices, and urging the issue of the bonds, 107, 108.
the Ambassadors send Mr. Somers to Duke of Anjou, to announce their departure, to again invite him to send properly accredited Deputies to them and to urge him to open negotiations with Don John for peace, 109.
memorandum of Conference between, and Imperial Ambassador, 114, 115.
report of Mr. Somers' interview with Duke of Anjou, 118, 120A.
expression of Ambassadors' soreness at hard measure dealt them by Queen, 119.
dispatch from, to Privy Council, urging Queen to a resolution, and explaining the uneasiness of a party in Netherlands at Duke of Anjou's enterprise, as undermining their Spanish allegiance, 120.
Queen better pleased with, 122.
letter from Burghley to the Ambassadors, reporting Queen determined not to expedite her bonds, &c., 123.
apology by Lord Cobham to Lord Burghley for the conduct of the embassy, &c., 127.
letter forwarded from, by the Imperial Ambassador offering to wait on Don John, 128.
Duke John Casimir's apologies for not meeting, 143, 144.
Don John's reply to their letter, 146, 147.
hints for their guidance from Lord Sussex and Lord Leicester, as to Queen's disposition to the Duke of Anjou, 148, 149.
instructions for, from Queen
-, the Duke's enterprise to be encouraged if necessary for the safety of the Estates
-, otherwise that he be asked to withdraw, according to promise, by the offer of towns in pledge, 151, 152.
their efforts approved by Queen, ibid (p. 125).
Lord Burghley's covering dispatch to above, 153.
letter from, to Duke of Anjou re negotiations between his Agents, themselves and Estates, 156.
further instructions to, from Queen
-, her growing alarm at Duke's proceedings
-, she will send troops and sign bonds to hinder his assumption of sovereignty or joining with Spain, 159
-, satisfaction of Wilson and Lord Burghley tempered by doubts of Queen's continuance in this mind, 160, 161.
about to proceed, at request of Estates, to Don John, 166.
request to be recalled
-, their expenses ruinous, ibid.
dispatch to, from Privy Council, approving treaty between Estates and Duke of Anjou, subject to the Estates' retaining allegiance to Spain, 174, 175.
promise of their speedy recall, ibid.
at Mechlin, waiting for safe conduct to Don John, 176, which arrives, 177, they depart, 180, return from. 189.
bill for sweets supplied to, 179.
dispatch from, to Privy Council, with account of their interview with Don John, 194
-, hopes of his yielding, 195.
instructions to, from Queen, 197, 198, 199, comments thereon of Privy Counsellors, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205.
formally thanked by Estates for their good offices with Don John, 207.
linger at Louvain, the truce with Don John being prolonged, 211.
urge their recall, 213.
Don John's refusal to negotiate further with, grounded on the appointment of the Emperor to conclude peace, 236, 237.
letter to, from Master of Mint, re payments to Pallavicino and Spinola, 240.
instructions to, from Queen
-, conditions on which she will make further advance of 28,000l. to the Estates, 241, 242.
letter to, from Wilson, forwarding bonds
-, he had urged their recall, without success, 245.
Wilson's fear that Spinola, driven to desperation, would arrest their persons, ibid.
the Queen's letters of recall for, subject to their endeavouring to arrange that the opposing parties should all reduce their armaments, pending negotiation of peace by Emperor
-, they should also arrange an Interim, if possible, in matter of religion, 253, 256.
note to, from the Estates General, with names of Commissioners appointed to consider claim of Merchant Adventurers to exemption from export and import duties, 258.
letter to, from Duke John Casimir
-, his difficulties very great
-, resolved to go home, 264.
letter to, from the Estates, desiring them to return home and explain to Queen the effects of her 'closeness'
-, consenting to delivery of jewels, &c., 265.
letter from, to Privy Council, on reluctance of the Estates to deliver jewels, debt to Spinola, payments to Duke John Casimir, &c., 269.
note by Walsingham, to Wilson
-, they had laid before the Estates the Queen's proposal for cessation of arms and reduction of forces, 270.
Lord Cobham urges recall of, 271.
letter written by, to men of Ghent, from Dunkirk, mentioned, 328.
English loan to the Estates General of the Netherlands :
Davison refuses advance on, 1
-, Gilpin fails to raise money for, at Strasburg, 11, 33, 40
-, the Estates make a 'party' with merchants for 26,000l., on Queen's credit, part in alum, part in cash
-, Davison pressed to 'hasten the bonds,' 34, 35
-, arguments suggested to Davison by Walsingham to induce Queen to give bonds, and to forego first 20,000l. raised on bonds for 100,000l., 40
-, letter from Davison to Lord Burghley, requesting bonds to be forwarded for sums taken up by Estates by virtue of his procuration, 43, 44
-, letter of attorney by Estates to Theodore de Bic and Thierry van der Beken, to receive 20,000l. in ingots from English Ambassadors, to coin and return, 51
-, bond by Estates of indemnity to Queen, for bonds for 16,000l. odd, given by her to Pallavicino, lent to Estates, 56
-, the Estates request payment of loan in cash, the benefit from Queen's bonds having been small, 57 (p. 41)
-, demand for 'cautionary towns' in exchange for, ibid (pp. 41-42)
-, the Estates request a cash payment, 'seeing that nothing can be raised on the obligation,' 72 (p. 55)
-, list of ingots, part of loan handed to Peter Laiguier, 75
-, Lord Cobham advises payment of loan in cash, the Queen's bonds having taken no effect, 76
-, Queen's bonds for, and bonds by City of London, not yet issued, 77
-, urgent application by Walsingham for advance, 81
-, his denunciation of her lack of faith in not signing bonds for, 87
-, promissory note for small sum by English Ambassadors part of, 88
-, the Queen's bonds unsigned, 88
-, further remonstrance by Walsingham at Queen's delay in signing bonds for
-, English influence in Netherlands destroyed by her action, 89 (p. 71)
-, refusal of Queen to proceed with
-, she cancels instructions to Davison, demands repayment of previous advances and towns to be delivered to her 'in pledge,' as security for, 91, 92, 93, 94
-, remonstrance by Davison at Queen's breach of faith in not issuing bonds, 98
-, further remonstrances of Lord Leicester
-, Wilson's regret at their ill-success, 106
-, letters from Lord Cobham and Walsingham to Lord Burghley enforcing the danger and discredit of not signing the bonds, 107, 108
-, Davison acknowledges orders touching, but renews protest against not signing bonds for, 112
-, bonds mentioned, 113
-, Queen determined not to sign bonds, 122, 123, 124
-, memorandums of all proceedings relating to, from A.D. 1577 on, 129, 130
-, the Queen still aggrieved re bonds, 155
-, Queen changes front, in alarm at Duke of Anjou's progress, she is willing to complete loan to the Estates, 159
-, an instalment of, to be paid on security of jewels
-, bonds to be expedited
-, Queen's statement of case, 199
-, Lord Sussex recommends further payment on account of, 205
-, note of bonds for, made to Pallavicino and Spinola, 225, 226
-, bonds for, signed, 240
-, further advance of 28,000l. to be made, subject to payment of 11,000l. to Duke John Casimir, 241, 242
-, Wilson's instructions to Davison as to bonds for, now forwarded, 244
-, the like, to the Ambassadors, whose bodies, Wilson feared, Spinola, in desparation, might arrest, 245
-, Lord Dudley laments Queen's refusal of, 248
-, Queen excuses her breach of agreement with the Marquis of Havrech in respect of, by neglect of the Estates to repay her previous advances out of first money received on bond for 100,000l., 255
-, comments of the Estates on Queen's 'closeness'
-, they agree to give jewels in pledge for, 265
-, defence drafted by Daniel Rogers, of Queen's action touching, particularly as regards Duke John Casimir, 268
-, report by the Ambassadors of negotiation with the Estates for jewels, &c., in pledge for
-, with request for instructions touching application of 8,000l.
-, the desperate need of Duke John Casimir and the Estates for, 269
-, Walsingham desires to give personal explanations to Queen concerning, 270
-, Davison settling in respect of, with Spinola, 287
-, the Queen directs 8,000l. to be paid by Davison out of, for pay of Duke John Casimir's troops, 306
-, advance made by Davison from, without authority, to Prince of Orange, 308
-, Walsingham anxious for an advance to be made to the Estates, to keep their army together, 319
-, obligations of Antwerp and other cities given for, 321
-, balance due to Spinola refused
-, Walsingham still anxious that States may be allowed to take up balance of 100,000l., 328
-, Davison gives his own promissory note to Spinola to secure him Queen's bonds for 400l. still due, 334
-, note of obligations of, to be given for the 400l., 344
-, Spinola and the Treasurer of the Estates are instructed by Davison as to the kind of language to be used respecting, to the Queen, in accordance with Walsingham's suggestions
-, Davison indemnified by the Estates in respect of his promissory note to Spinola, 349
-, bond of City of Antwerp obtained for, ibid, 353, 373
-, bonds of Bruges and Brussels for, to be given
-, Davison pays balance of, to the Estates, for Duke John Casimir's use, as directed, and gives own promissory note for 400l. due to Spinola, 353
-, order by the Estates to towns to give bonds for, 355
-, Walsingham advises Davison to warn the Estates of Queen's intention to repudiate payment to Spinola and Pallavicino of, 356
-, Queen unlikely to further assist the Estates in matter of Spinola's advance in
-, 8,000l. paid to the Estates need not be applied for Duke John Casimir, 369
-, request by Grobbendonck to Walsingham to induce Queen to pay sum advanced by Spinola for redemption of jewels, 373
-, letters from Spinola to Davison on subject of a loan, a 'coif,' and repayment of his advance for jewels, and (400l.) deficiency on Queen's obligations, 381, 382
-, Davison reports Spinola's 'lewd behaviour"
-, desires nothing may be paid him, 399, 411
-, Duke John Casimir's narrative of advances made to him, 408
-, bonds of Bruges and Ghent obtained, 413
-, that from Ghent not yet dispatched, 458
-, enquiry respecting, by Walsingham, 459
-, Davison 'under correction' recommends that Queen should, for the sake of her credit, meet her obligations to Spinola, pay the 30,000 fl. for redemption of jewels and give her bond for 400l. short on bonds previously sent, 512, 517
-, Walsingham recommends the Estates, through Davison, to send Agent over to induce Queen to honour her bonds
-, he will endeavour to obtain 30,000 fl. for Spinola, 526
-, letter from same, to opposite effect, 527
-, Spinola clearing his account with the Estates, on which delivery of last obligation depends, 538
-, the Queen refuses the 30,000 fl. and repudiates her bonds, 546, 569, 571
-, Davison anxious that in any case the Queen's bond may be given for the 400l., 571
-, the bonds from towns to be sent to England
-, pledged jewels to be 'had over' to England, if Davison is recalled, 584
-, Davison forwards bonds to England
-, desires orders as to jewels, 592, recommends that the jewels should be sent to England, and that, with this security, the Queen should honour her bonds to Spinola, &c., 597, 610
-, letter from the Estates to the Queen requesting the 30,000 fl. which they had to pay for redeeming the jewels, 611
-, Davison anxious about receipt of bonds sent over. &c., 638
-, Queen orders Davison to bring over jewels
-, she refuses to pay Spinola and Pallavicino
-, the Estates must find bonds to recoup her the interest she must pay for prolonging term
-, she will not pay the 30,000fl. for taking the jewels out of pawn, 645, 646. 648
-, the Estates apply to Queen for bond for the 30,000fl. and a payment of the 28,000l.
-, Davison backs request, 658
-, consent of the Estates to conveyance of jewels to England
-, Davison's reluctance to bring them, with the 30,000fl. unpaid and bonds unsatisfied, 670
-, Spinola delivers to Davison bond of the Estates, for which Queen's bond was to be substituted, for 3,000l. odd, 681.
Epinoy, Prince d'. See Melun, Pierre de.
Episcopus Maionen. See O'Hely.
-, Duke of Brunswick-Gottingen, his period of service with Prince of Parma expires, 496
-, visits Spain with wife, 609.
Eric XIV, King of Sweden, his suit for Queen Elizabeth's hand, 234, 633.
Erpe, Herpe, Harp, M. van. See Schouteete.
Escars, Comte d'. See Perusse.
-, M. d'. See Esquerdes.
-, Juan, his prophecy, 351 (p. 268)
-, arrest of his reputed murderer, 560.
-, Franois d', Seigneur de St. Luc, reports to King. 9
-, government for, 37, at Brouage, 187.
Esquerdes, Escars, M. d'. See Fiennes.
Esselstain, M., his regiment in camp of Estates, at Enghien, 61, 62, 63.
-, Alfonso II, d', Duke of Ferrara, sends embassy to Duke of Anjou to dissuade from enterprise of Netherlands, 120
-, his quarrel with the Luquoys, 287.
Esterre, Walloons at, 420.
Ether, township of, evacuated by Walloons, 262.
Euphrates, Turkish defeat near, 496.
Every, Ivory, Alexander, of London, merchant, export trade of, 627, 665.
Eyndhoven. See Eindhoven.