272. COBHAM to the QUEEN.
The king coming yesterday to Paris sent Secretary Brulart to
me to inform me that the Prince of Condé had suddenly left la
Fère, accompanied by sundry troops of horsemen and other forces,
of which he wished me to advertise your Majesty, hoping that you
will assist him with your counsel and all other good means.
Thus much by the king's command I have thought it my duty to
certify. It seemed from Brulast that the king neither could nor
would seem to know which way the Prince has gone. But I am
informed he went by Sedan, a town of the Duchess of Bouillon, and
thence into Germany.—Paris, 21 April 1580.
½ p. [France IV. 57.]
273. COBHAM to BURGHLEY.
Since my letter sent by Mr Floude, the Prince of Condé has
started suddenly from la Fère. The king is much troubled and sent
Secretary Brulart to me so to signify to the Queen. It seems they are
very 'doubtful to have' much trouble this year, since they have
taken arms in Dauphiné, Languedoc, and Provence ; while in some
places those of the league have joined them of the Religion.
There is therefore small hope of the king making any enterprise
I enclose notes of certain edicts which the king intends to have
confirmed by the Court of Parliament, that he may levy great sums
of money. Likewise I send the proffers which the Catholic king
has sent to them of Portugal, and the names of all the principal
persons at present managing that realm.—Paris, 21 April 1580.
Add. Endd. On the back is pasted a fragment of a paper addressed
to Dr Wilson, referring to 'Edmund Roberts.' ½ p. [Ibid.IV. 58.]
274. COBHAM to [WALSINGHAM].
I have sought to get the names of the Englishmen. After I have
obtained them I will send them 'by the next.'
I suppose you know one John Frost who has lately gone into
Scotland, and will be with Sir Lewis Balandine, the Justice-Clerk,
ready to give intelligence to any that serves her Majesty.
I perceive that Mr David Chambers purposes to repair into
England, to require that he may have access to the Scottish Queen.
As yet I have not visited the Bishop of Glasgow, for I know not
her Majesty's pleasure.
It is thought that these troubles in France have proceeded, not
for any cause of religion, whereby the edict of pacification shall be
broken by them, but for the discontent and ill-government of the
I am waiting to hear from you of the matters which I certified by
Mr Phillips and Mr Floude.—Paris 21 April 1580.
P.S.—I am informed that the Scots have this day had advertisement
from a Scottish merchant dwelling at Newhaven, that
d'Aubigny has got the keeping of Stirling Castle, and the body of
the king. 1 p. [Ibid. IV. 59.]
275. The ESTATES of HOLLAND to the QUEEN.
Whereas the manifold and urgent burdens of the war have been
the reason that we have been unable to pay the second instalment
due to the merchants of Ipswich, and we understand that application
has been made to your Majesty for letters of arrest, tending to
the great hurt of persons dwelling in these lands, and of the common
cause ; we have thought good hereby to beseech you graciously to
regard the great burden of these lands, and charge the merchants
your subjects to suspend the proceedings in execution, and postpone
the stay till next October, by which time we hope to make such
provision for payment that no further complaints will reach you.—
The Hague, 21 April 1580. (Signed) de Rechtere, and another.
Add. (Seal.) Endd. in later hand. Dutch. 1 p. [Holl. and
Fl. XIII. 22.]
276. AUGUSTINO SUTARINI to COBHAM.
Owing to important business, I have been compelled to start for
Milan without saying a word to anyone ; wherefore you will excuse
me. And whereas I am of the same mind as before, namely to
serve your Queen, I write to say that if she accepts my offer as it is
made, and it seems good to you that I execute it, you should advise
me in Milan by a letter in duplicate, addressed thus : 'To the
very reverend Gio. Battista Buttinone, Canon of St. Stephen's in
Milan.' I shall stay in his house. Send the other copy as a mercantile
letter, whereby it will have a safe delivery, and time will
not be lost. When you get this I think you will have heard from
your Queen, yes or no. If you wish me to come you will find the
money for my expenses, since I do not want to spend my own.
Answer me as soon as possible, and I remind you that the more
secretly this business is handled, the better ; since you have now
made an anatomy of my affairs, in a manner of speaking. And I
will not fail in my promise to you for your own private affairs.—
Lyons, 22 April 1580.
Add. Endd. : Augustino Sutarini to Sir H. Cobham. His going
out of France and abode at Milan. Ital. 1 p. [France.]
277. COBHAM to BURGHLEY.
M. de Vray is come hither and has informed the king that
Monsieur had dispatched him to England to the Queen, 'pretending'
to bring those affairs effectually to some conclusion. On the 23rd
I was visited by him, when he told me that Monsieur wished him
to let me know of his going. It seems he hopes to 'procure' her
Majesty to send for the Commissioners, as also that she will be
pleased to advise Monsieur how he shall deal in the matter of the
Low Countries, for he is staying his enterprise only until he may
be resolved of the Queen's liking therein. I think he meant to
have gone to-day but he 'feeled' a 'grudging' of an ague, whereon
he was let blood this morning ; otherwise he would have dined with
M. de 'Marchamont' is come hither this afternoon, sent 'on
message in post' from Monsieur. He had had public conference
with the king, in which he has assured his Majesty that his
brother is ready to do him service in appeasing these troubles,
beseeching him that the devisors of evil treacherous acts may be
Thus there is again conceived a little hope of repose, but surely
the foundation is but slippery.
As to what the king wished me to write as to the Prince of
Condé's departure from la Fère, it is now certainly known that he
is still there.—Paris, 26 April 1580.
P.S.—Please let the Queen know that the Prince of Condé did
not leave la Fère, and that the king was wrongly informed.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [France IV. 61.]
278. COBHAM to WALSINGHAM.
Whereas it was certified to the king, and I also was informed by
some of the Religion of credit, that the Prince of Condé had left
la Fère, as I wrote by Bluemantle, it is now held for truth that he
is still there, of which please advertise the Queen. It seems there
were suspicions of some secret designs on both sides, and upon the
sight of a few troops who passed to and from la Fère, there arose
an opinion of his departing, which was advertised by M. Crèvecœur,
who has a jealous eye on him.
The King of Navarre went from Nérac on the 15th inst. to
Montauban on the Tarn, and has since taken four or five places
thereabouts. The gentlemen of the Religion have taken arms in
sundry parts by the Loire, and seized a few towns and castles in
M. de Liancourt was sent on Saturday the 23rd to la Fère, to
speak with the prince ; and Beauvois la Nocle was sent by the king
on the 22nd to Sedan in the belief that the prince was there.
Monsieur seems to take upon him the appeasing of these beginnings
and has dispatched de Vray to the Queen : who is come here,
and purposes to start for England in two days, if his health serve
I have moved the Ambassador of Portugal for the money he
owes you. He promises payment on receipt of money which he
expects daily. The Queen Mother is not expected till the end of
this month.—Paris, 26 April 1580.
P.S.—Lord Sandes came to Paris to-day, minding to stay here
Add. Endd. 1 p. [France IV. 62.]
279. '27 April 1580. The names of sundry Englishmen,
Papists, presently abiding in Paris.'
GENTLEMEN OF YORKSHIRE
AND THE NORTH.
Three of the Fairfaxes
2 of the Liggins
2 Vaughans (Heref.)
OF SUNDRY COUNTIES.
2 Bassedges (Nottingh.)
Mountjoy, kinsman to
Lord Mountjoy, sometime
the Duke of Norfolk
and now steward to
These for the most part are gentlemen of good account here, and
no students. Such gentlemen and others as are accounted for
students and placed in Colleges or appertaining thereto :—
3 Smythes, one a kinsman
of the late Earl of
2 Bridemans, gent.
Ployden, the lawyer's son
Flood, brother-in-law to Lord Lumley
Bayly, Dr. B's. son
3 Nevells, gent.
2 Wilbromes, gent
3 Skeynes, sons to Sir Tho.
There are besides them many gentlemen and others at REIMS, ORLEANS, and other places in France, who are not particularly known. Lady Morley has these in her house :
Mr. Parker, her son
2 Sharlocks, g.
2 Bracyes, g.
2 Gyffords, g. of Staffordshire, gone to Reims
Woosley, g. of Staffordshire, gone to Reims
2 Crosses (? erased) greatly suspected to be Papists
Dr. Tomkinson, a Jesuit
Dr. Knott, lately gone to the Prince of Parma
Lady Copley has only one, Mr. Brooke. The whole number of Papists are 307. It is thought there are about 100 Papists or rather more in this town, English and Irish, besides the forenamed ; who, living secretly and disguised as they do, cannot so readily be known.
THE ENGLISH PROTESTANTS IN PARIS.
LICENCIATES IN CIVIL
Edwards, a Londoner
Percy of Yorkshire
Watson, son to the Attorney in London
Brackford, a pensioner of the Scots Queen
Thomas Evans, a companion of David Chambers, a Scot
Sudgrave, an Irishman
GENTLEMEN REMAINING AT ROUEN.
Sir John Barckley
Mr. John Wootton
Sheldon, a practiser
Cary, gone to Germany
besides those which appertain to my Lord the ambassador.
Sir Jerome Bowes has three more.
Lord Sandes remains here with 10 servants
Mr. Crofts, Mr. Comptroller's son.
Endd. : Mary I., the names of Englishmen residing in France,
being Papists. 3 pp. [France IV. 63.]
280. The FRENCH KING to HENRY HOWARD.
I have heard from my ambassador, M. de Mauvissière, how on
every opportunity that can serve to confirm the friendship between
the Queen of England and myself, and especially in regard to her
marriage according to my desire with my brother the Duke of
Anjou, you employ your good offices, and forget nothing which
your good natural disposition, desiring of seeing our amity
established, can effect. From which I wish to assure you I have
received great pleasure and satisfaction, and am most grateful to
you, as you deserve, and as I shall always on occasion be glad to
show.—Paris, the last of April 1580. (Signed) Henry. (Countersigned)
Add. : Monsieur Henry de Hauuard mon cousin. Endd. : French
king, and in Latin. Fr. ½ p. [France IV. 64.]
281. A. GOSSON to DAVISON.
I received yours of the 23rd before that which you had previously
sent by the Flemish post. I have seen no sign of its reaching me.
Since your departure I have written to you twice, on 13 June and
22 August, 1579. I handed both to your secretary, who told me he
had forwarded them to you.
I cannot fitly thank you for your kind remembrance and for the
honour you do me in your last. I have been all along at Antwerp
without budging since the day when I returned ; though I mean to
budge as soon as I have effected what my mother and other relations
are urging me to do without further excuses, wherein I am
sufficiently disposed to obey them. The fact is that for the
re-establishment of our house they want me to marry, and several
very honourable matches have been proposed to me here. But
when I come to the point of concluding, the matter is always
difficult, especially as many good matches offer, each having
different qualities to recommend it ; and I fear that if I take one
and leave the other it will be worse for me rather than better. I
regret very much that you are not present, that I might have the
advantage of your aid and counsel. But as this cannot be I will
dare to be so enterprising as to ask you privately your advice by
letter on all the persons (ceux et celles) upon whom I have cast my
thoughts. I shall keep this to myself, as I am sure you will do.
In this way you will increase my obligation to you.
As for the news, I am glad that your country remains in sure
peace and quietness, that it may serve as a port and a retreat as
heretofore for so many poor people afflicted by the storm which
agitates all the rest of Christendom.
Touching the reception here of M. d'Anjou, it is true that every
province has separately voted for it, under such conditions as shall
be approved for the security of the country. But so far there has
been no general resolution, because the deputies for the provinces
have been returning since the arrival of his Excellency. I hear that
they will be able to begin next week, and that they will proceed to
the election of a State Council and Chamber of Finances, according
to the representation and instruction laid before them by his
Excellency shortly before his journey into Holland. From this it
is hoped that matters will be better ordered and regulated in future.
As for the report that is current here, and is not easily believed
with you, you may adhere to your judgement as correct ; nevertheless
it is useful to both you and us that the contrary opinion should
be in vogue.
M. de la Noue is using all his acts and endeavours as a soldier.
He has lately shown himself in the neighbourhood of Haulterive,
and has enabled those of Tournay to pass their goods and stock
themselves with what they needed. This done he has returned to
Ninove, where Colonel Norris and his troops, who have been employing
every device suitable to the conquest of Mechlin, are to go
and join him. We are also led to hope for the reduction of
Groningen, in token of which they write from Holland that they
are holding parley with those of the Union of Utrecht as to the
Elsewhere, the Prince of Parma is at Mons in Hainault, and does
not sleep. God order all for the best.—Antwerp, 30 April 1580.
Add. Fr. 2½ pp. [Holl. and Fl. XIII. 23.]
282. VILLIERS to DAVISON.
There is no need to excuse yourself for not writing to me, for I
know you have no great matter just now. I thank you for your
good will. If I could see you once a month I should have part of
my wish ; for there are many things which the pen cannot and
must not convey, and I much prefer that men should sometimes err
in judgement than that they should make a mistake by writing too
M. de la Noue has made as though he would (a fait contenance de)
besiege Haulterive ; meanwhile he has re-victualled Tournai, which
was his object. The enemy has re-crossed the river with all his
forces. He (la Noue) having only 400 horse and 2,000 foot, has
gone to a place of security awaiting reinforcements, and trying to
carry out what you wot of, if it comes to pass. He is at present
between Ghent and Oudenarde on the river, the enemy towards
Ath. Meanwhile the people of Cambray and Bouchain have every
chance of taking the forts which harassed them ; which they are
doing, and have burnt three. The French regiment which was at
Ninove is coming to-day to the camp. The English ensigns which
are at Mechlin will leave it on Monday, and I think others will
follow. Twelve ensigns of Scots are still at Menin, and will not be
taken away unless it is very much to the purpose. The enemy
want to assemble forces again towards Carpen for the succour of
Groningen ; meanwhile Count 'Hoenlo' has recovered all the
fortresses of the country, till only Groningen remains. Still they
do not speak of surrender, and the town cannot be taken by force.
These losses of towns make the enemy so furious that M. de Capres
killed a poor man who brought him a letter about the capture either
of his brother-in-law or of Mechlin.
I write nothing about the war in France, for I think you are
sufficiently informed about it ; nor of the report current of
Monsieur's illness. You will soon know it as certainly as we, if it
is true.—Antwerp, the last of April 1580.
P.S.—Kindly give Mr and Mrs Killigrew my humble respects,
with those of their poor gossip, who is still lying in.
Add. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 24.]
283. 'Report which came from Crate to the most reverend
Archbishop of Santo [py. Santiago] of the preparations
for war made in the ports of Spain.'
In the port of Cadiz are the Marquis of Santa Cruz, general of
the galleys of Spain, with 36 galleys and 20 ships ; general of them
Don Alonso de Bazan, his brother, with two tercios of 6,000
Spaniards ; maestre de campo, Don Luis Enriquez. Antonio Moreno
brings four companies of Don Pedro de Sotomayor's tercio, maestre
de campo of Lombardy.
At Gibraltar is Marcello Doria with 20 galleys of Prince Andrea
Doria and private persons, with one tercio of 3,000 Spaniards ;
maestre de campo, Don Antonio Zapata.
In the same port has arrived Fabrizio Colonna, son of Marcantonio,
with 10 galleys from Sicily and some people ; and four
companies of Don Diego Enriquez, maestre de campo.
The Prior of Hungary and Carlos Pinelo with 13 ships, and two
coroneles of 6,000 Italians from the kingdom of Naples.
Prospero Colonna with 7 ships and one coronelia of 3,000 Tuscans
From the district of Genoa and Lombards one coronelia of 4,000
gastadores (pioneers). Don Pedro de Medicis, brother of the Duke
of Florence, is general of all the Italian infantry. In this port are
expected 11 other ships with 6,000 Germans under the Count of
Lodron, who started from the port of La Espeque [Speke in the
translation, qy. Spezzia] on Jan. 23 last.
In the Alfagayas of Tortosa are 20 galleys from Naples which
came at the first, brought by Don Juan de Cardosa, with a tercio
from that kingdom of 3,000 Spanish infantry. As maestre del
campo comes Don Pedro Gonzalez de Mendoza, son of the Marquis
The total is 86 galleys and 49 ships ; 13,000 Spaniards, 9,000
Italians, 6,000 Germans, 4,000 gastadores ; besides the sloops and
pinnaces (zambras) from the west coast, with the people, lances, and
mariners whom Don Juan Denys, Real of Biscay, brings, who are
Also many ships have come from Italy and Naples, with cargoes
of all sorts of supplies, arms, munitions and appurtenances of war,
with many people, the number of whom is not known.
There embark also Sancho de Avila, captain-general of the coast
of Granada with 300 horse. Besides there are being raised by the
Estates of Old Castile 6,000 infantry, besides the maestros de campo
Don Gabriel Nyno, — de Aya. In Estremadura much supplies
are being got together, and about Badajos they are fortifying some
places on the frontier of Portugal, in addition to the preparations
which the Alcalde Tejada is making in Tierra de Campos.
The officers of the army in addition to the captains-general, are
Luis de Barrientos, Castellan of Gayenta, quartermaster, Andres
de Avila, caterer that used to be to the galleys of Spain ; accountant,
Alonso de Alameda, who used to be so to the army of Flanders ;
paymaster, Juan de Portilla.
Sp. 1½ pp [Spain I. 45.]