Elizabeth: January 1582, 11-20

Pages 452-459

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 15, 1581-1582. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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January 1582, 11-20

Jan. 11. 505. COBHAM to WALSINGHAM.
I beseech you to hold me excused that Don Antonio's letter was not enclosed in the packet which I sent you 'this other day' by Diego Botelho. I have now packed it herewith ; beseeching you I may receive it again as a memorial of Don Antonio.—Paris, 11 Jan. 1581. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Ibid. VII. 9.]
Jan. 11. 506. The DUKE OF POMERANIA to the QUEEN.
Almost all countries trade mutually with each other, none being self-supporting. Kindly allow the bearer, my agent Michael Pritz, to buy and export for my use 500 pieces of cloth free of duty.— Rugenwald, III. Id. Jan. 1582. (Signed) Barnimus. Add. Endd. Latin. 2 pp. [Germany II. 28.]
Jan. 13. 507. GILPIN to WALSINGHAM.
I have not failed since your last to solicit those of this town for her Majesty's contentment. What their answer is will appear 'per' the enclosed. This morning I received a letter from Mr 'Stoake,' and because those of the Francq and 'Bridges' had not satisfied in answer, I mean to press their resolution more. The half year's interest of Brabant, Flanders, and Zealand is ready ; and 'hoped' that for the residue of other provinces will in like sort be in readiness. But as yet notwithstanding my continual suit no redress could be found, though the present questions may be brought it is hoped, 'per' their next meeting, to final determination. The Prince and other chief men are still in Zealand, staying the meeting of the General States, who were appointed here on the first inst. 'and now doubtful till certainty here of Monsieur's coming.' I mean to write to the Four Members of Flanders for the whole year's interest ; to whom the Lords of this town will also write. And understanding that the commissioners of Holland have arrived in Zealand, someone shall be sent hence to deal there, so that no means, time, place, opportunity or occasion shall be omitt to effect what is required in her Majesty's name.—Antwerp, 13 Jan. 1581. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 8.]
Jan. 14. 508. COBHAM to WALSINGHAM.
On the 12th inst. I received yours of the 3rd, brought by John de Vicques. I perceive that Monsieur was then still in England, well 'cheered' by her Majesty ; which likewise is 'certified hither' by M. Pinart, with ample declaration of the special particular kindness which daily passes between her Majesty and his Highness, so far that thereon he makes a sure ground that the marriage must proceed. It is understood here that the affairs of the Low Countries do not pass to Monsieur's satisfaction. Their Majesties have deferred their departure from this town, of which intended journey I certified you in my late letter. The king has been moved to stay upon occasion of his affairs, as likewise because he is desirous to have the marriage accomplished between Lavalette, governor of Saluces, and the Countess of Bouchage, aunt to M. de Joyeuse, which is to be consummated presently. Lavalette has now been made one of the king's Conseil d'Affaires, and was in election to be Marshal of France ; but Marshal Cosse's place is supplied by M. Joyeuse, father to the Duke, whom the king has assigned to be Marshal. The other offices of the abovesaid deceased Marshal are meant to be distributed in this sort, as I am informed : The office of Grand Panetier of France is assigned to Count Brissac, the Capitainerie of the 'Toyles' (?) to the Duke Montmorency, the government of Fangville to old M. Lansac, the Abbey of Blois to M. Serillac. Where there has been some unkindness between the Dukes of Joyeuse and Epernon, the king has reconciled them, so that there passes now good friendship, through a renewed love. M. d'Epernon having ended his diet returned three or four days ago to the Court. I sent you a small book of the death of Campion. They have been crying these books in the streets with outcries, naming them to be cruelties used by the Queen in England. Whereon I used M. Brulart's means to move his Majesty to give order that such untruths might be stayed and forbidden, which seemed to prejudice her Majesty's good fame. The king has now given order to his Procurer-fiscal that there shall be a prohibition of the further sale of such books, and those punished who have used such unworthy outcries ; which I cause to be followed to the execution, it seeming to me that I am thereto bound in duty. I wait to do as I am further commanded therein. The quarrel between Laverdin and Randan is accommodated by the means of Marshal Biron and M. Malicorne. The Queen Mother waits to go to Chenonceaux till she hears some certainty of the Queen of Navarre's setting forwards towards these parts, which it is thought will be about now, as signified in the last letters from Gascony. Monsignor Malespina, who was lately sent from the Pope, has 'persuaded with' their Majesties that they will not consent to the marriage between her Majesty and Monsieur, propounding to them many inconveniences which would prejudice the Roman religion ; 'as otherwise' it would be 'improper' for this state. He has likewise delivered sundry exhortations to the king and Queen Mother, 'tending to that' they would not enterprise anything towards Portugal or any country belonging to that Crown. The Queen Mother, as I hear, answered that she favoured Don Antonio as her kinsman and subject, wishing the Pope had counselled the Spanish king 'he had attended' the judgement before entering Portugal with forces. Malespina has, as I am informed, a brief from the Pope to deliver to Monsieur, if he had been in these parts ; with instructions and offers of accord to be had between his Highness and the Catholic king, whereby he might be drawn from his further enterprise in Flanders. The nuncio legier has dealt with the king that he would be pleased that the ordinance agreed on in the last Council of Trent might be published and authorised in this realm. And the king demands at the Pope's hands that he [? will con] firm the alienation of 300,000 francs a year, which the king would employ on the Order of Saint-Esprit. His Majesty, as they say, purposes to show himself so far forth devout and conformable to the Bishop of Rome, that he will erect a company of Battuti or Flagellanti ; hoping the rather through this meritorious fast to obtain grace at God's hands to get issue. He keeps his custom every Friday to go in procession for that purpose. The king seems to like this ordinary nuncio well, because he 'pretends' only devotion, and 'shows' not to meddle in matters of state, nor to seek advertisements ; but it is known that he is a cunning prelate, entirely trusted by the Pope. The Florentine secretary 'haunts' very much 'to' the agent of Spain. The Queen Mother 'pretends' to be jealous of his staying here. The commissioners from the Swiss Cantons to the king are looked for today. The return of M. de Paulmy is looked for daily, with answer from the Duke of Savoy, touching his marriage with the Princess of Lorraine.—Paris, 14 Jan. 1581. P.S.—The Bishop of Ross has informed the king that the Scottish king has sent to him, willing him to assure this king that he likes the Roman religion. I am informed that three Servites have left Rheims to go to England. One of them, named Pryce, is still in this town. One who came out of Portugal is imprisoned in England. He is a Jesuit priest. Add. Endd. 3 pp. [France VII. 10.]
Here is old stir about Monsieur. If he comes not, all the mainland is like to turn Spanish, within few days. If he comes, if all the troops that will come with him behave themselves as these ones which are here already, many say they had rather have the Spaniards. Yesterday I had speech 'after great kyndes' with the Prince. In came M. de Plessis and Villiers. I think I was indifferent well 'boytit' (?). I thought wise men would never 'a spoke' so largely. I shall see what will come of it ; then I will show it you at large. The Prince is so melancholy that there is no pleasure to follow him. The Marquis of Bergues and Hautepenne are gone to Liége. They say the bishop 'does furnish them with a number of munition.' It is thought they will besiege no place till the spring. They lie still within 3 leagues of Bruges. Oudenarde and Ypres will take no more garrison. 'M. de Anvers' are departed half discontented. Yesterday they wrote to the Prince to desire his return. Although Monsieur comes, yet if the Prince come, they will furnish him with money and will deliver all the charge of the wars into his hands, with a number of good 'caryges.' I could write you numbers of these petty matters. In the most part of them there is neither truth nor honesty. One of these days I mean to trouble you with a number of them.—Flushing, 17 Jan. P.S.—Among the rest of other good talks, Villiers told [?] the Prince ask him if he heard nothing of the Pope's ambassador who was named in France as 'nuch' [? nuncio] to 'Frise'? There is news for him to write to England, thought I is all the hasards [?] that I did in your service come to that opinion. I humbly desire you to write to Mr Norris to give me my 'count' and reckoning [?], that I may have something to show if I miscarry, I mean in coming away. I pray tell Sainte-Aldegonde that I served the Prince in England as well as here, to my power. Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 9.]
Jan. 19. 510. ROSSEL to WALSINGHAM.
When I was at Antwerp lately, I wrote shortly to you on the condition of the Low Countries and specially of the United Provinces ; which I perceive to be more disunited than ever, Flanders especially. This his Excellency and the Council of State will not recognise, in the handling of the money and the military affairs. It is all through seeing his Highness's arrival postponed, which had given them hope of succour. It seems too by the leagues between the cities that some are tending towards a reconciliation with the Malcontents, others want to manage the war themselves, others to limit the disposal of their resources to those who are fighting, so that the state of things is a chaos to behold, nor can one find any expedient to remedy it, except the very speedy arrival of his Highness. The enemy profits by it all, though he is anxious to see the preparations of the Italian forces to come hither for this matter. There is to be a meeting of all the Malcontent lords at Douay to consider whether they should receive the forces in question and permit them to enter the country. On this subject some letters have been intercepted from M. de Rassinghien, who writing to a friend of his, finds the matter doubtful ; and it seems from the contents of those letters that if our affairs were straight they themselves would seek us with a view to reconciliation. They find it strange that the Prince of Parma commands absolutely, and that he has garrisoned Tournay with his own people at his own disposition. There I recognise that Tournay will be a common misfortune to one and the other ; it has disgusted (altéré) our side and is angering the others who see themselves dispossessed of it. I received your letters of Dec. 31 on the 17th inst. It seems to me that they had been opened, as I have noticed with several others. I know not whom to blame for it. It makes me somewhat apprehensive, not for your letters, but lest the same happens to mine, wherefore please take care, as I will do. From the camp at Eccloo, 19 Jan. 1582. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XV. 10.]
Jan. 20. 511. COBHAM to WALSINGHAM.
The thirteen Commissioners for the Swiss arrived on the 17th. They were met and conducted into this town by M. Lansac and la Mothe-Fènelon, and were admitted to their first audience with the king on the 18th, accompanied into their Majesties' presence by Lansac and President Haultfort brother to Bellièvre, who was sent for a-purpose from Grenoble, being one who has credit with the Swiss, having heretofore 'passed some affairs' among them. Two of them spoke with the king on behalf of the rest, remaining uncovered all the time of their conference and being with their Majesties. [This piece of information is marked in the margin.] After leaving the king, they went to the Queen Mother, making her a brief oration. She had by her the President Haultfort. This being finished, they after their manner did reverence to the Queen regnant, the Princess of Lorraine, and Mme de Guise, and to no other lady there. Among the rest of the Swiss, Colonel Pfyffer had long conference with the Queen Mother, she hearing him willingly, with good countenance. It is said in Court that the king is giving order to pay 500,000 crowns to the 'Canton Swisses.' The most part of this will be paid out of the king's customs and profits in Lyons and Lyonnois. For the overplus that remains due to them the king promises to take order that they be paid this next year, so that their ancient amity will be preserved. I enclose the Commissioners' names. The same day King Philip's agent, together with Maldonado the Spanish secretary, lately come from Spain, had audience of the Queen Mother, who appeared not to take their message, giving them but a short answer. At that time, as I hear, the agent and secretary 'lamented' to her how the Catholic king understood that Monsieur had given new commissions for 140 captains to levy companies for his enterprise in Flanders ; and that moreover the king their master knew that she 'set forth' Strozzi and Brissac for the aiding of Don Antonio, which he believed she would not do unless the king her son participated with her. Which two allegations, as it has 'been informed' me, she 'excused' and rather denied, with earnest protestations. Count Saint-Aignau has had audience of their Majesties, and has made very favourable report of her Majesty and of the Court. He is now in some grief, being 'given to understand of' his wife's death. The father of Duke Joyeuse is sent for to Court to take the oath of a Marshal. The Count de Bryanne [qy. Brienne] is looked for to repair to the Court, to marry the Duke of Épernon's youngest sister. There has been some discontent at Court because the king has pressed the Marshal de Retz to be content that Villequier may have the entire and whole office of Premier Gentilhomme de Chambre ; whereon the Queen Mother has been very earnest that the Marshal might have some recompense. Yet because the king did not think that office worthy of any recompense, and was resolved Villequier should only enjoy the 'room' of chief gentleman, the Marshal has 'accorded' to his will. I suppose you may remember M. de Roussy, who sometime, by the name of M. de Malassise, dealt in many causes to the disadvantage of them of the Religion, through the ill desert of which it seems he was advanced, and has now lastly obtained the honour to become the Queen Regnant's Chancellor ; having such credit with the young queen that she committed to him the contract of her sister's dowry and the handling of those causes. In the managing and 'penning' of these it seems he has not done it to the king's satisfaction, his Majesty understanding he has deceived both him and M. Joyeuse. Whereupon he is deposed from his Chancellor's 'room,' and 'become' out of the king's favour. The office is now given to the king's Procurer-general. The king, with his mother, sundry of his councillors, and certain chief personages of the clergy, were yesterday in the Cabinet a long time in council to devise how the king might obtain of the Pope, partly in rents of the church, and partly from the tenths, so much as might satisfy the Swiss and other debts of the king's which are necessary to be paid. In this matter there grow sundry opinions and rise divers debates ; but the king resolves to have the matter pass so far forth as he means to get out of the Church 40 millions of francs. The king finds none of the prelates so conformable to his mind in this action as the Cardinal of Guise ; but it is upon hope he shall pay but little, and have some recompense of the king for his forward service. Upon the entering into consultation on this matter, there have been delivered to the king sundry memorials whereby it appears that the rents of the clergy are so great as it is almost incredible. So the king is persuaded that the great charges of his realm hereafter must be somewhat eased by them. But here-withal the Pope's nuncio seeks to mitigate the king's desire, and to press cunningly by little and little to bring the Inquisition into France. The Jesuits very much enlarge their practices to advance the Pope's credit and theirs by teaching, with their ceremonious sacrifices, through their 'spyalls' and intelligences, as also seeking slily to win opinion by distributing their sacred trifles. Their practices will grow most dangerous to all princes' states if it be not well considered, and they abolished. Together with my late letters I sent you a book published here touching the execution of those factious English Jesuits, the king has given order ; so that it is no longer sold with those outcries. But instead of it they sell with their public cries a book against the cruelties of the Spaniards, which I pack herewith.—Paris, 20 Jan. 1581. Enclosure. "The lords undernamed are received by the king very friendly, and by him defrayed in their inns :"
Herr Lodewyck 'Pheiffer' of Lucerne, principal, with five more of the same canton.
Bannerherr Koen of Bri [qy. Uri].
Landammer [sic] Wasser of Unterwalden.
Landammer Abiberch of Schwyz.
Jonker Balthazar of Griesbach upon Zolthorn.
Hamptman [sic] Vrun [or Vrini] of Basel.
Schultheis of Fribourg.
Hamptman Irlach of Bern.
The Lords of Zurich and Schafthausen are not here, but will stand to what is concluded. Add. Endd. 3 pp. and ½ p. [France VII. 11.]