Elizabeth: September 1560, 1-5

Pages 273-277

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 3, 1560-1561. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1865.

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September 1560, 1-5

Sept. 1. 480. Throckmorton to the Cardinal of Lorraine.
Has this morning received a letter from the Queen, ordering him to demand the ratification of the treaty made in Scotland. For this purpose he desires a speedy audience with the King; the period allowed for the ratification expiring on the 4th inst. Hears that the King is about to leave Fontainebleau in a day or two.—Melun, 1 Sept 1560.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 1. 481. Another copy of the above.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 2.
Fœd. xv. p. 601.
482. Treaty of Edinburgh.
Ratification, by the Queen, of the treaty of Edinburgh of 6 July 1560.—Windsor, 2 Sept. 1560.
Orig., on vellum. English counterpart signed by the Queen, with fragment of the Great Seal in green wax. Injured by damp. Lat. Pp. 9.
Sept. 3. 483. Throckmorton to Cecil.
1. Whatsoever Cecil gives orders for the honourable usage of the Duke De Nemours, who will come shortly as an Ambassador, he trusts that he will also bethink himself that it is meet to be merry and wise, and after the example of the Guises intend the summons of the Parliament, that the Queen may have the aid and subsidy of her realm in season. Although France is in some disorder, yet he thinks it cannot but be reduced into better terms, because the Guises are diligent in consultation and provision. The Bishop of Valence was once appointed to have been conjoined into England with the Duke De Nemours, but now goes to Rome to signify the state of France concerning religion to the Pope. The Archbishop of Vienne, Marilliac, is appointed to go to the empire. They have resolved to grant an Interim, tacite. They mean to levy the greatest subsidy that ever was granted in France. The chief burden rests with the clergy, who give eight-tenths ; the lawyers, merchants, and common people are highly rated also. They reckon to levy 18,000,000 francs. Has used as many ways as he can to divert the coming of this great Duke, but all will not serve ; for the amity is so great between the Princes, that it must be to the whole world openly manifested. This legation serves their turn many ways. They have caused a bruit to be suddenly spread that the French Queen is with child. It is a sport to see how this farce is handled. Indeed there is menstruum retentio; which he takes rather to proceed of sickness than of child-breeding, the other signs are all put on. Will Cecil know what the writer thinks?
"Hæc primum adfertur jam mihi ab hoc fallacia; Hanc simulant parere, quo Chremetem absterreant . . . . . . . . . . . Nunc postquam vident (aut timent) Nuptias domi apparari, missa est ancilla Obstetricem arcessire." [Terent. Andr. iii. 1. 13, 33.]
They can hammer their work in season.
2. On the 29th August the Vidame of Chartres was arrested by a provost marshal, and the lieutenant criminal, in his lodgings in Paris, and carried through the streets upon his mule with a great rout of armed men to the Bastile, where he is close prisoner. The cause is bruited to be for letters sent to the King of Navarre, containing matters seditious, which were intercepted. There is a secret bruit also that M. De Randan has his hand in this pie. If Cecil will send his successor hither apace he will tell him what the French proverb, "It is good to fish in troubled waters," means.
3. This other letter written in cipher was meant to have been sent by the party therein named, who stays for a time to see what M. De Carsoles, Knight of the Order, can do in Scotland, who it is said will be despatched hence very suddenly to pass in post to the Queen upon the arrival of one sent from Dunbar from Sarlabois, who has advertised of great disorders and intolerable insolences committed in Scotland of late by the Scots against the French and their well willers. The last news the writer heard of the galleys was that they were on the coast of Portugal, since which time the wind has been favourable to bring them into France, where they are looked for daily. The Spanish Ambassador as evil brooks the coming of the galleys as he does; trusts that it will help to make a pike betwixt France and Spain. Towards England there is nothing but fair and smooth weather;
"Fistula dulci canit, volucrem dum decipit auceps."
4. This was written before Mr. Somers' arrival; what has since ensued and of his proceedings with the Guises Cecil may learn from his letters to the Queen and the Lords of the Council. "It will put some busse into your head, seeing that so suddenly French is turned Tottnam after so late kindness." —Melun, 3 Sept. 1560.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 5.
Sept. 3. 484. Sir Francis Leek to Cecil.
1. Received yesterday the Queen's letters of the 28th August commanding him to discharge 1,000 soldiers of the 2,000 called the extraordinary charge. He is to dismiss those noted most mutinous, and retain the most ancient soldiers, and such as have most shot of harquebuses, and herein to take the advice of Mr. Grimston.
2. Has written to haste Mr. Treasurer's coming hither, who has presently no money to despatch the soldiers withal; encloses a note of the captains' names for them to name whom they would have cassed, and to assign the number of soldiers to be committed to those that shall remain. He need not doubt the writer keeping the matter secret, otherwise than making Mr. Grimston partaker thereof.
3. By his last letters signified to him at length of the particular wages belonging to the Captain of the town and castle of Berwick, and also to particular officers and soldiers, as well their ordinary as their extraordinary wages, called benevolence money; as well as the articles he would have put in execution to induce the captains and soldiers to more obedience. Will send the statutes of the town with his next letter by Mr. Brian Fitzwilliam, who for his great affairs he despatches to-morrow.
4. This day he caused the old garrison to be mustered, and never saw for small a number such unapt men as are the Treasurer's band. Finds that the surveyor of the work, Johnson, is allowed the wages of a gunner, and the mayorsergeants have the allowance of footmen, 6d. per day. Has conferred with the Mayor to know upon what consideration he has an annuity of 10l., and demanded of the Treasurer's clerk upon what warrant his master has paid the same, they both answer that it has of old time been payed. All the captains are sworn except Mr. Somerset, who denied the oath unto the Duke of Norfolk; none replied against any article in the oath except Mr. John Ingleby and Mr. Reed, but in the end they were both content to be sworn. His own opinion is that every captain should be sworn, and so do the old statutes.
5. As it has pleased the Queen to appoint Lord Grey to the wardenry, the writer asks that he may not be charged with cassing the soldiers, as perhaps these whom he thinks most meet to serve Lord Grey may least fancy. Does not mean to leave anything undone, but is doubtful lest Lord Grey shall judge that it is his device to draw his charge to a smaller number than he would require, considering Sir Richard Lee has already taken away all "the vameures" and almost cut down the ramparts between the Snook and St. Marysgate; and if things happened otherwise than he trusts they shall, he would bear some blame, as Lord Grey is at Court.
6. Saw a letter which Lord Grey wrote to Captain Tremaine, requiring him to tell all the captains that he had been a means to the Queen in their behalf. There are enough who will desire the office of Treasurer, especially if Mr. Abington's office be joined to it, which he thinks is the best way to be taken to answer the Queen of her victuals and the most commodity for the soldier. Thinks Mr. Gervase well recompensed with the office for one year. Knows no northern gentleman who would be willing to take the office of Marshal, considering his charge is such and he must keep a table, and his entertainment is small, and where before his entry he is sure of loss and pille. Beseeches that he may be revoked, as his being here is not only very chargeable to the Queen but also to himself. Sir William Ingleby, Mr. John Selby, gentleman porter, or any other captain, may easily keep the town till the coming of Lord Grey.—Castle of Berwick, 3 Sept. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil: 3 Sept. 1560. Pp. 5.
Sept. 3. 485. List of Munitions.
Munitions received into the office of the Queen's ordnance within the Tower of London from 26th January unto 3d September 1560, of Sir Thomas Gresham.
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
Sept. 4. 486. The Queen to the Earl of Argyll.
Has seen his letters to Cecil, with declaration of the continuance of his good will towards the weal of both England and Scotland, which appears not only in his letters, but by his sending such letters and message as O'Neil has sent him. Commends his zeal. Has willed her secretary to write her opinion about the answer for O'Neil.—Windsor.
Cecil's hol. Draft. Endd.: 4 Sept. 1560. M. from the Queen to the Earl of Argyll. Pp. 2.
Sept. 4. 487. Lord James Stewart to Cecil.
1. Having in his other letters before referred all things unto the arriving of the Laird of Lethington, and now his expectations being accomplished, there rests not but that Cecil should credit him [Lethington] as the writer. Thanks him for his kindness and labours in the common cause, and proffers his services.—St. Andrews, 4 Sept. 1560. Signed.
2. P. S.—The day before, the Earl of Argyll, parting with him at Perth, desired him to send his hearty commendations to Cecil, and excuses for not writing.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
Sept. 4. 488. [Cecil] to Hans Keck.
1. By Keck's letter of the 22nd August Cecil understands that he [Keck] is returned to the Count of Mansfeld, being despatched with letters for Gresham, of which he supposes Gresham would have written. Gresham writes nothing of any practices, but writes that he is not paid the money promised by Count Mansfeld. This is the more strange as the Count writes to the Queen that he has sent Keck to satisfy Gresham therein. Until he hears of some better expedition herein he will rest in doubt what to think, and for the preservation of the Count's credit he will not presently let the Queen hear of it.
2. Whereas Keck says that he has been forced to write to the Count for another resolution, he trusts that he either has it, or that it will be no impediment to the Queen's expectation. As for the money offered the Queen, for which the bond of the maritime cities is required at 6 per cent. she cannot directly answer because the former promise is not yet performed.
Draft, in Cecil's hand. Endd. by Cecil's secretary: 4 Aug. [sic] 1560. M. from my master to Hanze Keck. Pp. 2.
[Sept. 5.] 489. Sir Richard Lee to Cecil.
Has almost pulled down as much of the wall of the town as he intends, meaning to leave the same 15 feet high in the lowest part. Therefore lest they lack stone (seeing that Sir Francis Leek has no commission to pull down the castle), he desires that it may be procured that the castle may be taken down.—Berwick, 5 Sept. 1560. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary: Received at Waltham Cross, 10 Sept. at 1 o'clock p.m. Pp. 2.
Sept. 5. 490. List of Munitions.
"Harness received from Sir Thomas Gresham, between the Feast of Christmas last past 1559, and the 5th September 1560," consisting of corslets, burgonets, and morrions, shirts and sleeves of mail, sculls, splints, and vampletts.
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.