Elizabeth: January 1563, 5-10

Pages 19-35

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 6, 1563. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1869.

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January 1563, 5-10

Jan. 5.
Forbes, ii. 265.
31. The Princess of Condé to the Queen.
Begs her to continue her assistance to the cause, and help to rescue her husband from his captivity. Orleans, 5 Jan. 1562. Signed: Leonor De Roye.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 5.
Forbes, ii. 263.
32. D'Andelot to the Queen.
Although the Prince was taken, they lost fewer men than the enemy. The author of all this mischief is so puffed up with pride that he has constrained the King and the Queen Mother to set out for Paris to act as spectators to the bloody tragedies he intends to perform there. Begs her to furnish them with money, as it is the third month the reiters have been without pay. The Queen Mother (by the advice of her Council) set out with the intention of seeing Condé and placing him in the position which belongs to him in the kingdom, and to build up a firm peace; but the Duke of Guise opposed her so warmly, even using menaces, that she was compelled to change her tone.—Orleans, 5 January 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
Jan. 5. 33. Nicholas Guldenstiern to the Mayor of Newcastle.
Two of the King of Sweden's ships, the Swan and the Angel, having started for London last November, and not having been heard of since, he has made inquiries about them in different ports of England. Sends a Swedish gentleman, named Nicholas Gryp, to him, whom he begs he will assist in case the ships should have come to Newcastle. If they are not there he fears that they must have been driven into some Scotch harbour and there fraudulently detained, as they are laden with many precious things of the King's. In this case he begs that he will forward his journey towards Scotland.—London, 5 Jan. 1562.
Copy. Add.: To John Wilkinson, Mayor of Newcastle. Endd. Lat. Pp. 3.
Jan. 6. 34. Sir Thomas Dacre and Valentine Browne to Cecil.
1. Received his letters of the 26th ult., and dispatched those for Randolph. Thank him for news from France, and of the appointment of a new governor. The disorders about this town by reason of the townships of Tweedmouth, Ord, and Spittal (which are liberties) might be redressed by annexing them to this town. Complain of the late governor not having lived in the castle, as others had done before him, but in the lower parts of the town, in those houses intende for provisions, whereby the upper parts of the town, without the new works and nearest the enemy, were left naked by reason of all resorting to where he dwelt. If the governor lived in the castle, he would always see what Scotch resorted to the market, and the fields round about, and also be ready to defend any part that may be in danger.
2. The horsemen of this garrison were always considered the best of all light horsemen, and (notwithstanding the Queen gives them higher wages than they ever had) they are almost decayed, and daily seek to give up their "rooms"; the reason whereof is that the Governor, (being also Warden of the East Marches, Vice-admiral of the Seas, and having great farms of tithes and others in the country,) has used them for messengers, and servants, and also to seek all offenders, either in the Borders or in his private causes, wherein they have consumed their wages, horses, and furniture. And the country (being bound to be furnished for defence and attend- ance upon the Warden in all causes of the Marches) is now disfurnished and of little strength to this Border.
3. The Queen of Scots has been at Dunbar during the holidays, and by proclamation has forbidden her subjects to bring victuals to this place, and has laid certain persons at Coldingham to apprehend any who shall offend therein. The writers think this order is given because of the scarcity in Scotland. Though this town is well provided, yet the Warden of the East Marches and the rulers of Wark and Norham should have the like command not to suffer any grain or victuals to be taken into Scotland, which they daily do, namely those at Wark and upon the water of Till.— Berwick, 6 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 6.
Forbes, ii. 270.
35. Throckmorton to the Queen.
1. Informed her on the 3rd by Francisco, of the issue of the battle, and the state he was in. On the 5th inst., the King left Paris for Chartres, there to find the Queen. Neither of them intend to return to Paris for a long time; for that reason the Admiral and his force (about 6,000 horsemen, and 5,000 footmen) have passed the Loire, and gone towards Lyons, intending to join the Baron Des Adrets, and also the forces from Languedoc, sent by his brother the Cardinal Châtillon and M. De Cursolles.
2. The treaty of peace is still in hand, wherein the Queen Mother and the Constable employ themselves. The Admiral is more firm now than he was before the battle, both in his conditions and answers. Some judge the peace is more forward than it appears, because the Chief President and other councillors of the Parliament have gone to Chartres by the Queen's commandment, to yield to such articles as hitherto they and the Parisians have impugned. The Prince is guarded by D'Amville very straightly, and is at this dispatch in a castle, within a league of Chartres.
3. Has advised Smith (notwithstanding the Queen Mother's order) to repair to the Court, and take Mr. Somer with him, who has not yet had audience.
4. Means to accompany Smith to Chartres, to know what they intend to do with him. If he does not return shortly to the Queen, hopes she [Elizabeth] will declare to the French Ambassador there that she thinks it strange he [Throckmorton] cannot return according to her commandment, and the like to Smith to use to the Queen Mother and Council here.
5. It is necessary for her to have some one to reside continually with the Admiral's force, of which she should be truly informed, so as not to depend only upon advertisements from her Ambassador here or upon such intelligences as she may receive from the Admiral, who will use things to their own advantage. Recommends Henry Middlemore.—St. Denis, 6 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 6.
Forbes, ii. 266.
36. Warwick and others to the Privy Council.
1. Montgomery having requested men and money, they have sent him 500 crowns for the relief of his soldiers at present, which they have made up with difficulty, and 300 men from this town under Captains Horsey and Blunt, to be supplied here again by those that are at Tancarville. They intend to call these men from thence, the place not being guardable against cannon, and because they think Dieppe and this place sufficient to be kept for this time. The money and men are nothing to his expectation; and yet they are greater than they could conveniently spare, yet that present necessity required it.
2. A great treason is revealed, which was intended towards this town and Dieppe, as by the discourse enclosed may appear, which is the copy of a blank letter sent hither from the Rhinegrave to Le Menye, late Captain of Tancarville, now prisoner here. The bearer being suspected at the gate for a spy was searched; the blank of three sheets of paper which he had in his bosom, was tried by the fire; whereupon he, Le Menewe, and Vitemale, Captains Blundell and Macomble, with divers others, are imprisoned, for further examination. It appears by Le Menye, that the persons specified in the letter were Vitemall, Blundell, and Macomble. This will further appear by a declaration of Mr. Controller. Sends further advertisements about the late battle.
3. Intelligence from M. Beauvoir says, that the Admiral is about Orleans with 6,000 horsemen, and 5,000 or 6,000 footmen; and that about 4,000 Almains in Lorraine, are marching towards the said Admiral. The Baron Des Adrets has taken Toulouse, and marches with his forces towards Orleans.— Newhaven, 6th January 1562. Signed: Warwick, Poulet, Ponyngs, Denys, Bromefeld, Fysscher.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan. 6. 37. Poulet to Lord Robert Dudley and Cecil.
1. The intended treason against Newhaven, and Dieppe has been revealed. Commends Warwick for his wisdom, courage, and wit. They have enemies without and no trustworthy friends within. If the Prince makes peace (including their pardons, and a promise of their estate of religion), the French here will turn to that party, and employ all their forces to overthrow the English. Besides, amongst their own com- pany they will not fail to work some inward treason.
2. Mr. Vaughan, Comptroller here, is presently sent to them, by Warwick. Does not find such haughtiness and wilfulness in Vaughan as he has heard.—Newhaven, 6 Jan. 1562. Signed.
3. P. S.—Since writing this has received the enclosed from a gentleman of reputation by the report of M. Beauvoir, who is coming here upon his escape from prison, having sent a copy thereof to pass by Hampton to Guernsey and Jersey with speed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
Jan. 6. 38. Denis to Cecil.
1. This day received his of the 16th ult. On the arrival here of Poulet, sent a declaration of his charges. Little is stayed here for armour and munition.
2. Perceives by the victualler that 1,700l. is due to the end of last December. A good store of victuals has been delivered to the French ships for transporting English soldiers to Dieppe, and Tancarville. Moseley demanded 50l. for transportation, as have also others at Rye for the like, which he will not pay until he hears what Armagil Wade has paid thereof. Poulet has already imprested 2,000 crowns. The charges increase here daily, and they are looked to do so, by the increase of pinnaces; whereof there is great need, because the walls of this place cannot be mended without them.
3. After having written this, received his letter of the 29th ult.—Newhaven, 6 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan. 6
Forbes, ii. 268.
39. The Rhinegrave to Captain Le Menye.
1. The Count has had much ado to read what he has written to him. Whereas he desires to know some news, he can say no other but that the Prince's association is well scattered, and he believes he will try to make his peace. The Admiral will do as he thinks good. He has not sent him [the Conté] word of him he "trusts the most" [Blundell]. If he does not excuse the Conté of the death of his son, and if this fortune has not his affection, he cannot do with all, when the hour is come men cannot shun it. Concerning the Rhinegrave's "great friend" [Vitemale], who he says will come to him, the Conté will do all he can to sustain him, and cause his letters to be entertained in the Parliament whether they will or no. He is not so hated as he thinks for, the Conte has heard many say that he has been suborned, and that he is a valiant gentleman. The Conté does not know whether he pretends to have a company of men, for he must be sent to the Court, or else some good entertainment with him.
2. Wrote that the Conté should send to him a passport for himself and twenty-five men which he dare not deliver to this messenger lest he be searched; but tells him to send him his drum, or some other whom he trusts, and he will send it to him, although it is not needful. If the Conté's folks find him, he is to put up his hands, and they will bring him to him [the Conté]. Le Menye has done well to send soldiers to Dieppe. He will send word to the Queen thereof, and that a friend [Macomble] of his has also some there. Trusts they will practice a good enterprise. Will make a bruit that the burgesses have intended to swear to the recompense of the town, and of the King. Montgomery has not paid his men, and is in much trouble, and the English will not come thither. He is to take pains to know the truth thereof. It is not meant to enter upon the place where Le Menye is, seeing all the French go out of it. The Conté's friend [Macomble] should make a good booty, if at his coming away they might prepare a skirmish. He and his should have a token, which all his [the Rhinegrave's] should understand, and so he should seize upon the best that came out, to wit, upon his Lordship, who should yield to them 30,000 crowns; or if the skirmish be not brought to pass, that it may be upon a day when his Lordship goes to run at the ring. The Conté would come at an hour named between them, and as soon as the Earl shall take alarm and attempt to retire he shall be taken. Then the Conté will upon the gallop come to him, and give him leisure to come with him, and he will bring such force with him, which shall be hid in a secret place, so if all came forth he would break their heads, or else enter with them pell mell. If this seems to him too hard a thing to do, not to hazard it. Let him tell the friend [Macomble] to send always some of his folks to Dieppe, for if by his means he [the Rhinegrave] may enter the town, he will do so much that he shall be Captain thereof for ever. Will inform him of something when next they meet, which he cannot write. He had almost desired he were gone thither [to Dieppe] with his company, for if he would do as the Conté would show him, he is assured that he [the Rhinegrave] would enter the town, and make him rich, for he will show him a way whereby he shall enter by the gate, with consent of all the town, either in the morning or at night, and everybody shall have his candle at his window, so that no disorder may happen.
3. If he [Macomble] will enterprise this, he shall be well recompensed both of the town and the King, and cannot miss to have the Captainship. Will give him the way thereunto, but to find means to speak with him that none perceive the same, he [Macomble] must enterprise for his own person to pass by land, and in the night, feigning that he will pass by his house, and he shall name unto the Conté a place near where he shall pass, and he will go and tarry for him there, and they can talk together for half an hour, or an hour, and then he is to go on his way, or else return to Havre, feigning to have met with some of the Contés folks, who chased him, so that none living shall know they have spoken together. Is sorry that Le Menye cannot send the messenger any more, another must be found, or some other means to hove news often from him, and from him "whom the Conté trusts" [Blundell] to whom he wishes to be recommended.
Copy. Endd.: 1562. From the Count Rhinegrave in French and English. Fr. Pp. 4.
Jan. 6. 40. Translation of the above into English.
Endd. by Cecil: The Rhinegrave to the Spy in Newhaven. Pp. 4.
[Jan. 6.] 41. The Rhinegrave to— —.
When he has any news to tell the writer he can easily send letters to a merchant of Antwerp, Peter van der Wael, or to Jehan Freminot, who always have intelligence by the wag- goners who come to St. Nicolas.—Signed.
Orig. on a small piece of paper. Fr. P. 1.
Jan. 6. 42. La Motte Tybergeau to — —.
1. After Condé had offered to render other prisoners "for my fellow and me," M. D'Etampes sent Captain Surdeval, captain of Belle Isle, "to my companion and me," who told the writer that if he would serve the King, either he or his companion should have the leading of 100 harquebusers on horseback, and they should not be employed against their brethren the Frenchmen, but against the English in the Isles of Jersey and Guernsey, whither the fugitives for religion ordinarily retire, and certain false brethren of Belle Isle, Saint Malo and other places in Brittany. These for a sign carry in their hats a branch of bays or rosemary, and the chief wears both, with a white ball in his hands, who gathers together all those who wear these tokens, and being assembled, a house in Guernsey will furnish three small pieces to help them to sustain themselves until the enterprisers set foot on land. The said chief is of Belle Isle and greatly favoured by Captain Surdeval. There is one in England named Brillac, whom the Queen Mother and De Guise favours, who is there to meddle in all enterprises, especially in one by Scotch Papists accompanied by certain Flemings.
2. M. Martigues has written to the writer and promised him the order and fifty men of arms, if he would do an enterprise of which he would tell him. The bearer of his letters, upon being asked what it was, said that if he would come with his company of footmen from their churches, he should find M. Blondet, who would help him to deliver Montgomery into the hands of the King. The writer said that God had not yet so forgotten him that he should think of doing such a naughty deed. He then said he did but jest, and so suddenly went his way. Signed.
Orig. Hol. [?] Endd. by Cecil: 6 Jan. 1562, Intelligence from Newhaven concerning Guernsey. Pp. 3.
Jan. 6. 43. Translation of the above into English.
Dated and endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.
Jan. 7. 44. Complaints of the Spanish Ambassador.
1. Thursday, 7th Jan. 1562, Westminster. First the Spanish Ambassador complained to the Lords of the Council that certain of the Queen's workmen came the day before to his house, and set a new lock on the uttermost gate, and delivered the keys to the keeper; and therefore he required to know whether it was their commandment or no. Answer was made that they had commanded that a lock should be set upon the back gate towards the water only, and that the keeper should see it shut every night, and yet diligently attend upon the Ambassador or any of his family to open it. The Ambassador said that besides this, on this day the keeper had come into his kitchen and threatened his servants that he would take away the water from the kitchen. These matters have grown by an accident two days past; viz. at night, being in his chamber with the French Ambassador at play, he heard a great noise at his chamber door, and coming thither found a young Italian servant, Alphonso la Bononye, who plays on the lute in the Court, crying for help, who told him that he had fallen out with an Italian captain called Mazines at the gate, who pursued him into the house to take him. The Ambassador willed the steward of his house to examine the matter, who told him that the matter was this, that he had shot a dag at another Italian and missed him, and thereupon was pursued into the house. Thereupon the Ambassador willed his steward to rid him out of the house, which he did immediately. Upon this the Queen's Marshal and Mr. Cobham in the Queen's name required him to deliver the malefactor, to whom he answered that he was gone. After this they came again with the keeper of the house, requiring him in the Queen's name to cause the keys of the water gate to be delivered to the keeper; which he thought not meet to be done.
2. After some conference it was ordered by consent of the whole Council that he should be thus answered. The Duke of Norfolk (holding in the absence of the Lord Keeper the chief place in Council) told him that "because his own Latin tongue was not ready" he and the rest had required Mr. Secretary to declare their minds, who thereupon said as follows.
3. That he guessed well that the fact committed by the Italian was the cause which led to his complaints, and that first he should hear the very order of that matter from the beginning. The man who was conveyed out of his house was named Andrea, who was put from Alphonso's service for certain lewd parts a month past, and has been banished out of Italy for two like kind of murders. He confesses that he has most haunted the Ambassador's house at meat and drink, and the day when he committed this fact came out after dinner and was at the gate from one o'clock until five at night, about which hour he shot off his dag at the Italian in the highway. This Andrea discharged his dag suddenly and secretly, but the pellet lighted betwixt his left arm and his body, and pierced the side of his coat, and clean through his Spanish cloak, and glanced over the street into a shop, where it also missed very narrowly the killing of another honest Englishman, grazing the top of his shoulder. As soon as the murderer had discharged his dag he leapt into the Ambas- sador's gate, running down into the great hall; whom the Italian captain with his sword drawn, and divers of the neighbours without weapon and the keeper of the house followed to the hall door, which was immediately shut against them; and the officers calling for the offender, a great multi- tude of the Ambassador's servants came out armed with halberts, bills, and swords drawn, denying his entry there. The Italian captain would have pressed upon them with his sword, but the officers stayed him, and in so doing the Ambassador's men pursued them all to the outward gate. Having heard that his porter had conveyed the murderer out of his back gate by the water side (where two watermen with a boat had attended two or three hours before), the Marshal and Mr. Cobham were sent the second time to require that the keys of the said water gate might be delivered to the keeper. The workmen who set the lock on the gate complain that they were made afraid of their lives.
4. The last matter for threatening by the keeper to stay the water out of his kitchen was in this sort. Yesterday the Ambassador's servants used the conduit so as they took away the whole water from the conduit above, and shut the gates of the hall so that neither the keeper nor any of the neighbours, who were wont to have water at the said upper conduit and the Thames, could come at the same or go to the water side through the hall. Whereupon followed these words of the keeper which he calls threatening.
5. It is notorious that by means of that gate there has been a common access to him of the Queen's subjects every Sunday and holiday to his private Mass, in disobedience to the laws of the realm; and because it should not appear who they be, on those days the hall doors towards the street are shut. Besides this it is proved that certain traitors have resorted thither by that back gate.
6. A fray was made in August betwixt three English soldiers and others at his gate, by his own men, as the speaker can show by letters written in Spanish by one of his, making a vaunt of that fray, and that they made up the matter with a few rials and cups of wine.
7. The Queen, understands her house to be much ruined and spoiled since his coming to it in lead, glass, iron, doors, wainscot, and such like; she means to have it repaired, therefore he shall have some other convenient lodging.
8. Upon the ending of this speech certain lords willed him to understand that besides this it was very well known what had passed between him and Shane O'Neil, when he denied that Shane O'Neil had been in his house with him; but he could not deny that he had oftentimes dealt with his priest, who also was known a very rebel and evil man, and by him had given Shane very evil counsel and comfort. The Ambassador protested that he had never committed anything against the Queen, or meddled in anything to the disquiet of the realm, if it had not been in matters of religion, wherein he not only dissents, but think it commendable for men so to profess, and herein has done nothing but what his master allows. To this it was said that the Ambassadors of the Emperor Charles did always their offices without intermeddling with any matters of religion.
9. The Ambassador said that he much mused what was meant by charging him that he should be of counsel with any conspirators. To this certain lords said the traitors were such as were in hold, and had confessed such matters of him as thereby they yielded themselves guilty of death. The Ambassador said that he could not guess whom they meant, and that he was not guilty in any such matter. In the end the parties were described unto him as men might be "painted out in words," without express naming of them, and yet he could not conjecture who they were. And so concluding with him that he should have some other meet lodging provided for him he departed. In going away, in communication with Lord Howard he said he could not guess who the conspirators were, if it were not Arthur Poole and his complices, and with Arthur Poole he said he had not spoken a great while; but of Antony Fortescue, the archtraitor, with whom he had all the last summer frequent conference, he did not once speak.
Copy. Endd.: 7 Jan. 1563. Span. Pp. 9.
Jan. 7. 45. Translation of the preceding into English.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd.: 7 Jan. 1562. Pp. 17.
Jan. 7. 46. The Earl of Bothwell to the Earl of Northumberland.
Being deliberate to go into France to the Queen's uncles by sea, he has been driven in at the island beside Berwick where he is kept by Sir Thomas Dacres. Being afraid lest his unfriends should procure him to be delivered into Scotland (to his utter ruin and displeasure), he prays him to solicit the Queen in his name to retain him under her protection, and wishes to have the commodity to offer her his service personally.—Berwick, 7 Jan. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 7 Jan. 1562. Pp. 2.
Jan. 7. 47. Information against the Provost of Paris.
1. Andrea the Italian who fired the pistol at Captain Mazins confesses that the Provost solicited him to do so. That he promised him 100 crowns, and caused the pistol to be given to him; that one of the Provost's servants helped him to escape to the Spanish Ambassador's house; and that the Provost gave him ten crowns after he had fired the shot, telling him to escape.
2. Domville, the Provost's servant, confesses that he gave Andrea a pistol by his master's order.
3. The Provost confesses that Andrea before he was arrested was frequently at his house; and also said, in Andrea's presence, that he would gladly give 100 crowns to any one who would cut off one of Mazine's legs or arms, in return for an evil turn which he had done him.
4. The said Andrea, finding the Provost alone, told him that he would hamstring Mazines for the said sum; and two days afterwards begged the Provost to give him a shirt of mail, which he did, and seven or eight days afterwards he asked for a pistol, which the Provost gave him.
5. The Provost was in the Spanish Ambassador's house when Andrea fired the shot before the door. Also he agreed to give Andrea 100 crowns if he would cut off one of Mazine's legs or arms. Andrea fled to the Provost's house, but was sent away.
6. The Provost says that he would have been justified in telling Andrea to kill Mazines, as he formerly tried to murder him at Paris.
7. Domville says that the Provost, on his return from the Spanish Ambassador, remained at supper for three-quarters of an hour, and afterwards went out for an hour.
8. The Provost being very honourably treated in the house of Sir William Chester, alderman of London, has used many secret ways of communicating with his people, such as hiding letters written with onion juice in his breeches, and in the stoppers of bottles, which is very suspicious.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 8.
[Jan. 7.] 48. The Provost of Paris.
Two sets of interrogatories to be administered to the Provost of Paris respecting his complicity in the attempted murder of Captain Mazines by Andrea Claude, an Italian.
Pp. 2 and 5.
[Jan. 7.] 49. The Provost of Paris.
Two sets of charges against the Provost of Paris in regard to the same attempt.
Pp. 4 and 3.
Jan. 7. 50. Smith to Warwick.
Writes, by request of Nicholas Durevel, merchant of Paris, asking him to send by the bearer, Nicholas Durevel, his nephew, a safe conduct for his ship the St. Christopher, from Marseilles, with raisins of Corinth, malvoises, and other Levant merchandise, part for England and the rest for Antwerp. He requires this because of the rumours of war between England and France.—From St. Denis, departing towards the Court at Chartres, Jan. 7 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 7. 51. Warwick to the Privy Council.
1. Received their letters of the 26th ult. and has given instructions to the bearer, Mr. Controller [Cuthbert Vaughan], in answer, for whom he asks credit touching the state of this town and Dieppe.—Newhaven, 7 Jan. 1562. Signed.
2. P. S.—There is a bruit that Throckmorton is a prisoner.
Orig., with armorial seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 7. 52. Warwick to Cecil.
1. Perceives by his letter of the 29th ult. that he is grieved that the charges of the town are so far above the estimates. Would keep it with 500 men if he could, but engineers who have been sent to view it have agreed that it cannot be kept with less than 6,000. Has done nothing without the advice of Poulet and the rest of the Council. Is sorry the Queen has been offended with him for taking Tancarville, which he did by the advice of others of more experience. Touching putting her people in danger at Harfleur, he put them in no more danger than he put himself. Did not think of skirmishing when he went out, but only to see their town, and took such a band with him that he was well assured he would return in safety, despite of the Rhinegrave, who having horse and foot lost ten men for one of the English.—Newhaven, 7 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with armorial seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 7.
Jan. 7. 53. Thomas Wood to Cecil.
The Lieutenant has sent with Mr. Comptroller, Mr. Morris and young Vaughan, both of whom were committed according to Cecil's letter to his Lordship. The writer was appointed by the Court before his Lordship came here, to lead 100 Surrey men, and appointed the said Vaughan as his lieutenant; and being evilly armed has had to pay forty marks to the Queen for armour, which is not half enough to put them in order. The Controller has been evil handled with reports.— Newhaven, 7 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 7. 54. Poulet to Cecil.
1. Has received his of the 29th ult. Many of the reports of the late battle were so contrary that he doubts whether they should have been advertised. The Admiral's letters appear not to have been received by Cecil when he wrote. The slaughter of the nobility was far greater than on the other side, and Guise has reputation of having the victory only from the Prince being taken, who would have been retaken if the Admiral had been well seconded by his footmen. The night forced to Admiral to withdraw from the field rather than the Guise's force, who did not keep it long, but departed with the Prince.
2. The report brought this day by a gentlemen (who brought the intelligence for Guernsey) is nearest the truth. He declared that the Admiral's footmen were defeated and dispersed, that he has 5,000 reiters, to whom are joined 4,000 Almains under Des Adrets, and 5,000 French footmen wherewith to keep the field. He cannot see how the Admiral can increase his power, or shall be furnished with money to maintain it without the Queen's aid, which is undoubtedly looked for by him. They should be put in comfort thereof out of hand, or otherwise they may make peace without her, which they have already concluded, if the Rhinegrave's advertisements are true, which he has now sent to Beauvoir. In these he affirms that the Constable is coming from Orleans to Dreux or Paris about the conclusion thereof; but it may be as untrue as his advertisement about the Prince repairing to Orleans to that purpose, which may appear by a clause in his [the Rhinegrave's] traitorous letter sent to Le Meuriel [?], wherein he stated that the Prince was restrained from company, which is utterly untrue. The conclusion of that peace may be doubted every way, for (like as Le Meuriel [?] confesses) he had commission from the Queen Mother's own mouth to assure life, lands, and liberty of conscience in religion to as many as he could practise to return to that part, and the like promises are made to the Prince and the Admiral, which are malicious baits to allure them to a revolt, and consequently to band all their forces together against the Queen. Of this he can see no stay but by raising the Admiral's hopes of her speedy aid, neither can he see that any more trust can be laid on Montgomery for Dieppe, nor any of this town.
3. Cannot undertake to answer for any increase of charges until there shall have been a thorough pay passed. Mr. Comptroller (who is now going to him) will explain the increase of payments. The musters and payments will pass better if two muster-masters are sent hither to assist Mr. Comptroller at the next musters, and an auditor to see to the passing of the next payments. They cannot be certain of the charges so long as they are matched with the French, whom they must please, or they will not give them any true service.—Newhaven, 7 Jan. 1562. Signed.
4. P.S.—The Lord Lieutenant seeks good espials for this place about the French Princes (besides the Ambassador), to whom the Lord Lieutenant might address some person from hence to bring the intelligence upon certain prescribed marks and tokens.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 7 Jan. 1562. Pp. 10.
Jan. 7. 55. Cuerton to Challoner.
1. His servant King departed on New Year's day from Portugallette in a ship of Plymouth. Three or four English ships are on the coast. The Prince of Condé is taken prisoner and sore hurt, and the Constable is prisoner. They say the Spaniards did all.
2. Sends a writing for Thomas Shipman. The maid that came for Mrs. Clarentius intends to go for London. "Surely she is to blame for her." Encloses a paper of account.—Bilboa, 7 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 7 Jan. 1563. Received 29 of the same, by an ordinary messenger. Pp. 3.
[Jan. 7.] 56. Challoner's Accounts.
Account of money expended for Challoner between 9 March 1562 and 2 Jan. 1563.
Span. Pp. 2.
Jan. 7. 57. Challoner's Bill.
Bill brought by Meliadus Spinola to Challoner for renewal. Endd. by Challoner. Span. Pp. 2.
Jan. 8. 58. Maurice Denis to the Privy Council.
1. On the 7th inst. he saw by theirs of the 29th ult., that they did not like his books which he sent them, of all his charges here, nor his advertisement of the monthly charge.
2. Has conferred with the master of the ordnance on the munition and armour, and perceives there is not yet 67l. stayed of the pay to November, which he meant to stay until the next month's pay. Is sorry they should think that he does not charge himself with as much as he receives.
3. Advertised them respecting the victuals. Those which he has received more than are already answered to the victual- lers he has paid and prested by the Lord Lieutenant's warrants since he last wrote. The charges have increased by sending men to Dieppe and Tancarville, and calling them again from the latter.
4. The victualler estimates that the victuals due here for last month amount to 1700l. Does not understand the rate of galley men's wages, so knows not how to stay any money for victuals for those two months. Victuals have also been delivered to French ships for transporting men to Dieppe, Tancarville and other places. The victualler says that he must have 400l. from him [the writer], to pay for such things as he has taken up here. Means at the end of every month to pay according to their order. Does not understand how there is a variance between his book and Mr. Controller's. Never heard of the checks, nor does he know what they mean, except it be such as the Controller threatens for going to church, whereof he did not deliver him any books, and must leave the rest to Mr. Poulet. Will (as they direct), defalk from the soldier's next month's pay, for the mattresses and bolsters. The soldiers have but 18s. 8d. a month, out of which their victuals and munition as defalked; and their munition decays daily, which they are obliged to repair.
5. Touching the new increase of wages for tipped staves and others, whereof they desire to understand from him, marvels what they mean, as nothing is done here but by the Lord Lieutenant's and the Council's order.
6. As they are not satisfied with his accounts, begs that he may repair to them and answer his doings, and obtain his discharge for the same.—Newhaven, 8 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 12.
Jan. 8. 59. Montgomery to Warwick.
Hopes that Poulet will interpret his wishes, which are that he will content the French, in order that the good feeling between them and the English may increase. Begs him to do nothing to the French gentlemen whom he has in prison, but keep them safely until they can assemble a court of Frenchmen to try them. If he does otherwise he will set the nobility of the country against him.—Dieppe, 8 Jan. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 8 Jan. 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 9. 60. The Queen to Phillip II.
She has occasion to doubt whether his Ambassador rightly reports her mind to him. Although she will not deny his zeal, he meddles with affairs that do not appertain to his office, and he has implicated himself in matters tending to disturb the tranquillity of the realm. She has therefore ordered her Ambassador to request that he may be com manded to desist from these proceedings, or that he may be recalled home and another sent in his place.—Westminster, 9 Jan. 1562.
Copy. Endd.: 9 Jan. 1562. Lat. Pp. 3.
Jan. 9. 61. Another copy of the above.
Copy. Endd. by Challoner: Received 12 March. Lat. Pp. 3.
Jan. 9. 62. The Queen to Challoner.
The Bishop of Aquila has been plainly told of sundry his misdemeanors that have come to her knowledge, much disagreeable to his office. Because he may advertise his master otherwise than it passed indeed, she has thought meet to write to the King, whereof a copy shall be sent to him. He is to deliver the letter and say that the report is true, and that the Queen hopes that this may be redressed and fit ministers placed in this service; wherein he shall endeavour to have some speedy resolution.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd.: 9 Jan 1562. Pp. 3.
Jan. 9. 63. Clough to Challoner.
1. Sends statements of accounts and encloses a parcel of letters out of England. In the skirmishes with Condé's men before Paris he always forced the Guisians to retire, and one of the Constable's sons who fell from his horse was ridden over and slain.
2. The Prince having marched towards Bas Normandy the Duke followed him. The Prince having gone with 100 horse to view the place where the battle should be, some traitor wrote to the Duke of Guise who came with 500 horse and took him prisoner and fled with him towards Paris, but was followed by 700 or 800 horsemen so hard that he was forced to take shelter in a castle not far from Dreux. In the meantime the Admiral, perceiving that the whole camp followed the Duke, made after them with his entire camp; and before they could turn, the Dutch horsemen overran them three or four times and made such slaughter that most of the nobility of France were slain, hurt and taken. There were slain 18,000 men, whereof the Prince lost about 3,500. So having overthrown the whole camp the Prince's camp lay before the castle, and will not away until they have him dead or alive.
3. The Parliament of Paris have sent for all the garrisons, and will have out of Paris 5,000 foot and 1,500 horse to fetch the Prince.
4. There are in Newhaven about 8,000 English with pioneers.
5. Dieppe has revolted and slain its captain, and received Montgomery with 1,000 men. All the Spaniards are slain or drowned. Parliament begins about the 10th inst. It is thought they will grant a great piece of money to the Queen. —Antwerp, 9 Jan. 1563.
6. P.S.—In his last enclosed a bill of 740 ducats payable at Madrid, with two packets of letters.—Antwerp, 9 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 10.
Jan. 9. 64. Clough to Challoner.
Sends him a packet wherein are two parcels out of England, and a bill of exchange of 740 ducats delivered here to Philip and Isuardo Catanes, due to Challoner on the last of February. Has paid his bill of 114l. to Catanes already, who has pro- mised him that if Challoner needs his money ten days sooner he shall have it.—Antwerp, 9 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received 3 Feb. 1562. Pp. 2.
Jan. 9. 65. Clough to Challoner.
List of the killed, wounded, and prisoners on the side of the Duke of Guise at the battle of Dreux.
Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 1562, Jan. 9. Received 3 Feb. 1562, by the Ordinary of Flanders. Pp. 2.
Jan. 9. 66. Montgomery to the Queen.
The Admiral intends to join his forces to her army. It is necessary to take Honfleur, in order that he may do so more easily. Begs her to send more troops so that they may strike a decisive blow. Warwick has sent him two ensigns of foot, but he wants more, and also the means of paying the French troops whom he has.—Dieppe, 9 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 9. 67. Montgomery to Cecil.
Has written to the Queen. Begs him to urge her to augment her forces in Normandy before the Admiral joins them, and also to command the Earl of Warwick to take Honfleur; also to furnish them with money. He requires four or five ensigns more in order to guard this town.— Dieppe, 9 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 9. 68. Horsey to Cecil.
1. He and Mr. Blount arrived here yesterday with their companies by the appointment of the Earl of Warwick. They were welcomed by Montgomery, but not by the Papists. Captain Twyttie (also appointed to come hither), has not arrived for lack of shipping. If the Queen means to keep this place more men must be sent with speed. There are 500 French soldiers here, and 1,500 English added would suffice for the defence thereof. They require a miner, as it is much subject to be mined. By keeping it, Newhaven will be strengthened with 5,000 men's forces; the enemy's naviga tion taken away; and they shall be able to transport men as occasion serves. Near here is the castle of Arques, wherein is a Papist garrison who alarm them daily. Upon coming here he found the bailiff (whom Cecil knows), swimming between the two waters. The Rhinegrave (that crafty old fox), has been practising with the burgesses and soldiers here, and promised them good entertainment and money.
2. Asks for some consideration of his charges here, which are greater than at Newhaven.—Dieppe, 9 Jan. 1562. Signed: Edoard Horsey.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.