Elizabeth: January 1563, 11-20

Pages 35-55

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 6, 1563. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1869.

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January 1563, 11-20

Jan. 11. 69. Poulet to Cecil.
1. The Admiral's servant, (who repairs to the Queen with letters), was with his master at the battle, and has been with him ever since. His report thereof does not vary much from the advertisements sent from hence; excepting that the Admiral is further from here than Orleans; that Des Adrets has not joined him, but was occupied in Dauphiné, with the Duke de Nemours; and that the Admiral (seeing that the band of Almains was coming in the spring), purposed to repair into Normandy with 5,000 or 7,000 horsemen upon the return of this messenger to him with the Queen's pleasure in that behalf whereon he wholly depends, and from whom he looks to receive men, munition, and money, like as Montgomery does for Dieppe. The latter has more need of men than money, being a man of more plainness than of subtlety.
2. Hopes that Mr. Controller of this town has satisfied him about many things specified in his letters.
3. The order for victualling this town for two months is a convenient proportion for the piece if it were thoroughly furnished accordingly; but, as appears by the remain of the victuals sent him by the Lord Lieutenant, the victuals here are not sufficient for two weeks. Portsmouth cannot be trusted to supply the whole mass required here; nor for the transportation of the same hither; nor for the speedy conveyance of advertisements with some winds.—Newhaven, 11 Jan. 1562. Signed.
4. P. S.—Has sent a barque from hence to Guernsey with intelligence, whereof he advertised him. Hopes the news will be received there in time.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 6.
Jan. 11.
rbes, ii. 272.
70. [The Vidame of Chartres and others] on the Affairs of France.
1. Since the Queen intends to take upon her their cause, as they were given to understand yesterday by her Council, (who declared to them the incommodity she would have by causing her subjects to pass from the seas to succour the Admiral of France,) who prayed the writers to give their opinion touching the succour in lieu of the Englishmen which they require; to this they answer that the Admiral must be advertised that there is no way but by Normandy to receive money for his men, and the reinforcements which she should send from elsewhere; and that Lyons is the fittest place to retire to do this, he leaving his footmen at Orleans.
2. Touching the succour for the Admiral, they would with her means levy 6,000 Swiss, with whom and the forees that might be gathered about Lyons, he might march towards the Almains and help them to enter France and join him. To do this it is needful to have the money at Strasburg, from whence it may be easily had for levying the Swiss at Basle or Geneva, and at Lyons for the payment of those with the Admiral.
3. They must do no less than this, for their enemies are now "gaillard," and may reinforce themselves. Speedy exe- cution must be had therein, or else the Admiral may be lost.
4. Dieppe is a place of great consequence, and worthy to be kept, because the French soldiers and others of the faithful of Normandy can retire thither; and by this means New- haven will be unburdened.
5. The ships at Newhaven (where there are too many), may be brought hither, for fear of fire; and by having two such places, they may succour each other by land and sea.
6. They beg that the Queen will give them the means to entertain Montgomery there.
Orig., in a French hand. Endd. Fr. Pp. 4.
Jan. 11. 71. Another copy of the above, translated into English.
Endd. by Cecil: 11 Jan. 1562. The opinion of the Vidame Bricquemault and La Haye, for the matter of France. Pp.
Jan. 11. 72. Munition at Newhaven.
Note of the munition delivered at Newhaven, from the 3rd Oct. 1562 to 11th Jan. 1563, by William Bromefilde, Master of the Ordnance, amounting to 1,057l. 19s. 2d., whereof there was delivered to Beauvoir and Montgomery, Captains Cateville and Jones, and Edward Dudley, munition amounting to 464l. 9s. 4d., whereof 35l. 13s. 2d., was received by the Clerk of the Ordnance. Signed: John Cokks, Clerk of the Ordnance.
Orig. Pp. 9.
Jan. 11. 73. Donatus Rullus to Sir John Lye.
Hearing that Lye has returned to the Court, writes to remind him of their ancient friendship. Commendations to Cecil, whom he requests to send, as he promised, a copy of the Apology of Cardinal Pole, for a transcript of which he will gladly pay.—Padua, 11 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add.: To Lye, in London. Endd.: 11 March 1563 [sic]. Ital. Pp. 2.
Jan. 12. 74. Sir Henry Percy to Cecil.
1. Is informed that the Archbishop of York minds to make a report to the Queen and Council of the evil life of Lord Latimer, and of his having lately attempted to run one of Sir Christopher Danbie's men through with a rapier, which is a great discomfort to his children and kinsfolk, and also to the writer who married his daughter.
2. His Grace minds to declare that he is meet to be committed to the government of others, and should the Queen and Council consent thereto, begs that Cecil will stand his and his sister's friend.—Tynemouth Castle, 12 Jan. 1562, Signed.
3. P. S.—Thanks him for his office this year.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 12. 75. The Queen Mother to the Queen of England.
Has received her letter and heard what the bearer, Mr. Somers, had charge to say. Trusts that the answer given to him will be to her satisfaction.—Chartres, 12 Jan. 1562. Signed, Caterine, —De l'Aubespine.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Broadside.
Jan. 12.
Forbes, ii. 274.
76. Admiral Coligni to the Queen.
Informed her of the result of the battle, and that he had halted to refresh his reiters. The author of all these troubles, instead of being touched with compassion, is rallying his forces in order to make still greater efforts to attain to the end of his designs. Begs that she will assist them with men, and also with money to pay the reiters, who have been now three months without pay.—Camp at Villefranche, 12 Jan. Signed.
Orig. almost entirely in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 12. 77. Montgomery to Warwick.
Credit for Captain Causeville, sent with intelligence.— Dieppe, 12 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 12. 78. Passport for Captain St. Ouen.
Orders all officers to permit the bearer, Captain St. Ouen, one of Montgomery's gentlemen, to pass to Dieppe.—Westminster, 12 Jan., 5th Eliz. Signed, Elizabeth,—Yetsweirt. Parchment.
Jan. 12. 79. Knights of the French Order.
Names of thirty-three gentlemen of the Guise's faction, who were made knights of the Order.
Dated and endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 4.
Jan. 12. 80. Another list of the knights of the Order, with notes respecting the family and locality of several of them.
Fr. Pp. 4.
Jan. 12. 81. Henry Knollys to Cecil.
1. Received his letters of the 14th, 15th, and 19th Dec. on the 10th of Jan. Touching his son Thomas Cecil, upon good consideration with Windebank (having respect as well to his own inclination as to his body, that is subject to diseases that rise upon immoderate heats, to the danger of these busy times, to his youth and the looseness in religion, with corruption of manners that reign in those parts, but chiefly to Cecil's green wound, that by their rashness in advice it were not made incurable) they take their journey together with speed towards their natural land. The Queen's letter whereby he is revoked home he received, but because of the many letters sent to the Queen from the Palsgrave, the Duke of Wurtemburg, and the Landgrave, some occasion might be offered to employ them by the way, he (by the advice of Mundt) stays three or four days for the next post. Trusts about the beginning of February to be in England.
2. Sends the copy of a letter which M. De Soubize, the Governor of Lyons, sent to Mme. De Roye; by which he may conjecture the terms in which the Duke of Nemours, the Baron Des Adrets, the town of Lyons, and the country thereabouts do stand. The Duke of Guise shall find some difficulty in repairing his loss at Dreux; Spain being barren of soldiers; out of Switzerland he can have none at all, as the Protestants will not, and the Papists dare not, having of late sent 8,000 to his aid; in Almain he may have some footmen, by favour of the bishops. His only refuge is the Duke of Brunswick, unto whom he has sent one Rascalon, who passed through this town to entertain certain companies of reiters.—Strasburg, 12 Jan. Signed.
3. P. S.—The Emperor on his way to Brisgau remained fifteen days at Frankfort, and made an agreement with them and the two adjacent districts of Suntgaw and Schwart- wallia, that they should give him within three years, 300,000 gold crowns and a tax of a penny on every quart of wine sold for ten years. Thence he went to Basle, where he was honourably received by the magistrates, and from thence he goes to Constance, where they say he will ask for more money.
Orig., with Mundt's seal. The first portion in Knollys's hol, the latter in that of Mundt, and in Lat. Add. Endd.: 12 Jan. 1562. Pp. 4.
Jan. 13.
Forbes, ii. 278.
82. The Queen to Smith.
1. Thinks the tarrying of John Somer somewhat long; for she wishes to hear how the journey of the Queen Mother to Chartres has taken place.
2. "A matter has happened here very strange and odible." An Italian has been hired to kill another, being her servant. The act was attempted at the gate of Durham house, where the Spanish Ambassador lodges, who received the malefactor and took him away. The author, the malefactor confesses, was one of the hostages, the Provost of Paris. The person that shot the dag was missing two days, and was taken beneath Gravesend stealing into Flanders in a Flemish hoy, having disguised himself; and within two days confessed the above. Thereupon the Council caused the Lord Mayor to take into his house the Provost, where he remains; one De Ville, his servant, was also sent to prison, who confessed having delivered the dag to the murderer by the Provost's command.
3. The day following the committal of the Provost, the French Ambassador came to the Council and requested to know the cause of the committal of the hostage, who, being told, judged it worthy of death; but he challenged the party, being here a public person and so privileged, to be delivered to him, to be sent into France, to be there judged. Whereunto the Council refused, and maintained that neither the hostage nor Ambassador is free from the English laws in criminal causes. The Ambassador then entreated that the Provost might be with him for friendship, promising to deliver him to justice. He was told that after examination of the Provost he should find consideration had of his request.
4. The Provost is known to be an extreme adversary to Condé, and wholly devoted to the Guises; therefore is the Ambassador the more earnest in his behalf. Smith, therefore, must give knowledge of the matter, as by copies of certain writings sent to him he will understand; and shall exaggerate the intent of the crime as he sees cause. He is also to impart the whole hereof to Throckmorton. The Provost will be examined to-morrow or next day.
Draft in Cecil's hol., and endd. and dated, 13 Jan. 1562. Pp. 4.
Jan. 13.
Forbes, ii. 275.
83. Throckmorton to the Queen.
1. On the 10th inst. Smith, Somers, and Throckmorton arrived at Chartres. On the 11th inst. Smith and Somers had audience, but he was not admitted. For satisfaction of the Queen's demands they had good words, which is the only payment made at the despatch hereof. Their resolute answer was not given.
2. Both armies have passed the Loire at Beaugency, and at present are in Berry, where it is thought they will fight again. It is said the Baron des Adrets has accorded with the Duke de Nemours in such manner as Dauphiné should be surrendered to the said Duke. If there should be another battle similar to the last, the noblesse of France will be shrewdly wasted; for at the last there were 800 gentlemen slain. Since his last letters the Duke of Nevers, MM. D'Annebault and La Brosse's son have died of their hurts; and he hears there are four or five hundred of good quality besides. The Prince still remains prisoner, and has been kept in a castle (a league from Chartres) for ten days. He is looked to arrive at Chartres this day, but will remain under guard. M. Damville, who had charge of him, repairs to the Duke of Guise's camp; also a number of new knights of the Order, which were made on the 12th inst., numbering thirty- three. Marshal Vielleville has gone to besiege Dieppe. Marshal Brissac is sent as the King's Lieutenant into Normandy, who will employ his force upon Tancarville, and attempt some enterprise against Newhaven, or build forts thereabouts to beat the Haven. It will not be good for the Queen's purpose to suffer Dieppe to be taken, or for her men at Newhaven to be idle. Howsoever the French satisfy her by some public act to testify a meaning of peace, they do not intend to keep it, but will not abstain from expelling her men from Tancarville and Newhaven, if they can once come to a point amongst themselves, either by accord or by victory. She might more have made her advantage upon their decla- ration of war, and have made war indeed.
3. This day the Queen Mother sent word she would speak with him; but he does not expect his despatch until she sees the issue of these matters. If the Duke of Guise prospers he looks for no speedy despatch. The Constable remains at Orleans, and his wife has liberty to go to him there. The Duke of Guise is Governor of Champagne; the Prince of Roche-sur-Yon is Governor of Dauphiné, and the Duke of Nemours is Governor of Lionois. Languedoc is at the Prince of Condé's devotion, so are Lyons and Lionois and a great part of Dauphiné, if the Baron des Adrets has not revolted. M. de Soubize keeps Lyons.
4. Sent the Queen a letter of the 7th inst., to be conveyed to her by order of Montgomery. M. de Montbron is in Valence, and keeps it. The Duke of Nemours is at Ville- franche with his force. The Duke of Guise will in no wise accord to peace until the Protestants are utterly exterminated. The Queen Mother seems now to lean more to peace than she did before, and to accept more reasonable conditions for the matters of religion. It is said the Constable and the Prince of Condé shall commune together. Hears there is some practice to surprise one of the Isles of Jersey and Guernsey. Advises her to give orders to those in command to look to those places. Also that they are arming some ships upon the coast of Bretagne; therefore her merchants are not to be over hazardous.—Chartres, 13 January 1562. Signed.
Orig. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan. 13. 84. Smith to Cecil.
1. The Baron des Adrets has agreed with the Duke de Nemours, and rendered to the Queen all Dauphiné with the chief towns, Grenoble and Valence; and the Duke is to be Governor of Dauphiné in the place of the Duke of Guise, who is made Governor of Champagne. Others say that the Marshal Bourdillon (who is coming from rendering of Pied- mont,) will be the Governor; whilst others state it will be the Prince of Roche-sur-Yon. The Baron is made a knight of the Order, and has a company of 50 men at arms. Others affirm that De Soubize still keeps Lyons for the Protestants. In Orleans there is now great practise. The Duke of Guise's eldest son, M. de Joinville, shall be sent to Orleans to-day as a pledge for the Constable, who comes hither, and make an appointment for the Admiral and the rest.
2. Since the battle the Duke de Nevers (M. de le Brosse's son) and many other gentlemen have died of their wounds. They reckon that they have lost nearly 800 gentlemen. Cannot blame them for fearing the ruiters, for it was their dags which did most of the mischief.
3. They say that the Admiral has passed the Loire at Beaugency, and distributed his men at St. Aignan, Celles, and Montrichard, which lie on that side the river; and that Guise is also minded to pass the river there and besiege Orleans on that side where the suburbs are. Marshal Vielleville is already in Normandy with a great power, whither Marshal Brissac is also dispatched.
4. On the 12th inst. reports were brought that they will not agree to peace among themselves; and that Guise will not deliver his son for a hostage, but will pass over at Beaugency and fight with the Admiral. And that he may not lack help, the King this morning, the 12th inst., made thirty-three of the Order, and such of them as were present the writer's men saw when they first wore their collars. To encourage them he has distributed gens-d'armes amongst them, as appears by the schedule herewith sent. Nearly all of them are gone to the camp, and all the men of war from this town by a proclamation.
5. It is now constantly said that the Baron des Adrets has not accorded; but he sent articles which were not accepted. Some also say that he has overthrown the Duke de Nemours, and that the Admiral desires nothing but a battle. Condé is expected to be here either to-night or to-morrow. He is still a prisoner, and lies not a league hence. And yet they say that he agreed with Guise, and that there will be a cross marriage between their children. Men look for them to come to a battle in five or six days at the farthest. Sir Nicholas (who this 13th inst. is dispatched with his passport and a gentleman to conduct him,) will declare when he gets home the state of this realm.—Chartres, 13 Jan. 1562. Signed.
6. P.S.—Trusts that the writer's man, Barlow, will be sent with answer to this and the pardons, especially that for Percival.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan 14. 85. Sir Thomas Dacre and Valentine Brown to Cecil.
For the better trial of advertisements that might pass into France by the Earl of Bothwell, they caused the ships in which he was to be ransacked, and found therein the enclosed packet, which they think of some moment, as those who have been examined touching it have denied the same. Other letters were found, many of them for the Archbishop of Glasgow, who is residing in Paris, about the great grief of the bishops, abbots, and priests of Scotland against the Congregation in overthrowing the Earl of Huntly, "the staff of that realm," as they term him. The messenger with these is servant to the Bishop of Ross, whom they detain until they hear again from thence.—Berwick, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 14. 86. The Provost of Paris [to the Privy Council.]
Having heard that they have come to interrogate him by the Queen's command, he begs before answering to assure them of the honour in which he holds her and themselves. Being a subject of the King of France and his hostage in England, he cannot reply to any of their questions without first knowing his master's pleasure, with whom he begs that the Queen will furnish him with the means of communicating. —London, 14 Jan.
Copy. Fr. P. 1.
Jan. 14.
Forbes, ii. 285.
87. The Princess of Conde to the Queen.
Has express directions from her husband to write and say that though his body is captive yet his heart remains free. Begs that she will order her troops in Havre to afford them every assistance.—Orleans, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed: Leonor De Roye.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 14.
Forbes, ii. 279.
88. Smith and Somer to the Queen.
1. The French King departing from Paris on the 5th for Chartres to his Mother, they had order from her on the 7th inst., to go thither for their audience. On Sunday the 10th inst. they arrived at Chartres, accompanied from St. Denis with a Knight of Malta, named M. De Mery, sent from Marshal De Montmorency, and with a gentleman of the Queen named Boiffevrier, who was sent to meet them six leagues from Chartres. On Monday morning M. De Sevre came and told Smith that the King and Queen Mother would hear them after dinner, and willed them to be there.
2. Smith presented Somers, who thereupon presented the Queen's letters, and then addressed his speech to the King, but so as the Queen might hear him. He said that the King on the 11th Dec. published a proclamation of war in Paris against the Queen. Whereupon she commanded her Council to inform themselves by M. De Foix and the hostages, who answered they could say nothing for certain, that such was the bruit at Paris, and they thought no such thing was meant by the King, but rather the contrary.
3. Notwithstanding which answers she is well assured that such a proclamation was published in Paris by sound of trumpet; therefore he [Somer] is sent to know their intents. If war is denounced and the proclamation continues in force let the King speak it plainly; if otherwise, then let him be some public act revoke the former.
4. To this the Queen Mother repeated the answer made upon this matter to Smith, viz., that the King had caused to be published in Paris that all persons bearing arms should attend upon the Constable; and that all strangers bearing arms against the King should leave the realm forthwith, or be reputed and followed as enemies and rebels. Another was published, whereof they have no knowledge.
5. Somer said that besides that there was another, naming directly the Queen, as if open war was denounced; to meet which evil she saw no better means than by proclamation of the contrary.
6. The Queen Mother answered, that as for a revocation of that proclamation, il ne tiendra pas â cela, and that so it is meet that the Queen does the like in England. Concerning the stopping of her ships, the Queen Mother had not heard of any such thing. Somer said he had a memorial of the complaints, exhibited to the Queen on Christmas Eve, which he delivered to the Queen Mother. She received it and said the King had dealt better with the Queen than he had been dealt with; for she has sent over aid to his enemies, received his people in England, and landed forces at Newhaven, and keeps the place. On those points he said the Ambassador was here to answer in his charge, that he had no instructions to speak thereof, but to deal as she heard; she said she would communicate the whole to the Council and then make answer.
7. On Wednesday the Queen Mother said to Smith and Somer that she and the Council have found that there was no such proclamation published; therefore not having done as was alleged, they thought there was no cause to make any revocation. Somer said that Queen Elizabeth was well assured such a proclamation was made, with those special words against her and her subjects; the Queen Mother said that they durst not do such a thing.
8. Somer replied, though there were no such made, yet to stop the bruit, if the King cared for peace, they would notify by publication that their meaning was not as is spread abroad. She answered, as to any publication, she could say no more than she had done; and therewith called the Cardinal of Bourbon, and the Duke of Montpensier to witness with her, who agreed with her saying. Thereto Smith said there were two proclamations made on the 11th December, one containing such matter as she alleged, the other that the Queen had broken her faith and had landed troops in France. The Queen Mother on her honour said there was no such thing, which the King himself also assured, and so did the Duke and Cardinal.
9. As to the memorial which Somer had delivered to her, she said she had heard of no such thing, but would do as the case required. This matter was iterated in sundry speeches, adding that those of Paris, being offended with the Queen landing her forces at Newhaven, might have made such rumour of war, but no such thing was meant by the King nor her. Somer requested that he might have the King's answer.—Chartres, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 8.
Jan. 14.
Forbes, ii. 284.
89. Smith to the Queen.
1. After Somer had taken leave of the King and Queen Mother she called him to her and said that she could not make any other answer than that already given.
2. Now this proclamation is denied, he asks the Queen to direct him how to proceed.
3. If she intends to have war with them she has now the greater part of their ships in Dieppe and Newhaven; they are thoroughly occupied a good way from her. She needs but allow this answer to Somer, to take the war as proclaimed at Paris, and revoke him, her Ambassador. If she will not wage war with them they will upon the first advantage compel her to abandon Newhaven, and maintain that she has lost her right to Calais. All is ruled here now by the house of Guise, to whose order the King and Queen Mother have given them- selves. A great matter will depend upon a battle which is expected shortly betwixt the Admiral and the Duke of Guise. —Chartres, 14th Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 14. 90. Horsey to Lord Robert Dudley.
To the same effect as his to Cecil of this date, (No. 91.) adding that he received letters for him yesterday from Henry Killigrew, which he sends by the bearer. —Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed: Edoard Horsey.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 14. 91. Horsey to Cecil.
1. Sends the letters which he received yesterday from Throckmorton for the Queen. Has not heard from New- haven since he came here, through the weather. Montgomery looks longingly for the force from England. Divers Pro- testant gentlemen come to him daily, who promise to live and die with him in the defence of this town. He has com- mitted the guard of the strongest fort here to the writer. The Rhinegrave continues his old practices. He has lately written very courteous letters to the Count, to win him with large promises and gifts, but in vain. The Rhinegrave's force is very near them; and Vielleville is at Rouen and has got some power together to come hither. Begs that more help be sent here with speed, and not to forget to send a good miner.
2. There are two forts here, the Citadel and the Polett. If they do not have at the least 2,000 men they will be driven to raze the latter, for the better furnishing of the citadel and town. The people are more tractable than at their coming, and have taxed themselves to pay off the French soldiers here. Has heard by a gentleman of Picardy that Henry Killigrew is with Damville at his house, and well treated, although the Constable would have had him hung. Mr. Leighton is at the Court and well used. Being at great charges here begs that he may be considered.—Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed: Edoard Horsey.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 14. 92. Montgomery to Lord Robert Dudley.
Sends him a letter from Killigrew. Prisoners dare not write as they wish; begs him therefore not to put too much faith in the contents, in any point relating to the present quarrel. Desires that the counterminer who is at Havre may be sent to him.—Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add.: M. Le Grand. Endd.: To the Lord Robert. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 14. 93. Montgomery to Cecil.
Begs him to desire the Queen to send her forces over as quickly as possible in order that they may take Honfleur, and so be able to join the Admiral. Has forwarded a letter from Throckmorton to the Queen, and one from Quillegree [Killigrew] to M. Le Grand [Lord Robert]. Wishes that the counterminer who is at Havre should be sent to him. If the Queen will send over her forces they will be able to become the assailants.—Dieppe, 14 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 14. 94. Arnold Walwyck to Cecil.
Last Monday when he spoke with Cecil about the Frisian affairs he informed him of the Queen's intention of making a treaty with that country and taking the Count into her pay. Desires to have a writing to that effect, which Cecil promised to send him. Has no further instructions than those which he has shown him. If there is any uncertainty in them, he can do nothing on his own responsibility. Desires that the treaty may speedily be sent to him, as he is delayed to his great cost and to the injury of his health; and also that he may receive compensation for the great expense that he was at in furthering the cause of some London merchants in East Friesland.—London, 14 Jan. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Endd.: 14 Jan. 1562. Lat. Pp. 3.
Jan. 15. 95. Warwick to the Privy Council.
Recommends the bearer, John Lewys, who served here as a soldier under Captain Souche.—Newhaven, 15 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 15. 96. Warwick to [Cecil].
1. Asks him to stay St. Ouen, servant to Montgomery, who is at London with the Vidame, of whom he has written to the Count upon a practice touching Dieppe.—Newhaven, 15 Jan. 1562. Signed.
2. P.S.—Asks what entertainment is thought meet for Mr. Pelham.
Orig. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 15. 97. Mr. Osborne to Challoner.
Fears that the Parliament matters will proceed only to a subsidy, and other acts of form. The Lord Keeper in his oration showed these two causes for summoning Parliament, religion and policy, but no word fell out of succession, nor of marriage; yet the Dean of Paul's in his sermon the first day of Parliament very sorely pressed it.—Ivy Lane, 15 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 15 Jan. 1562. Pp. 2.
Jan. 15. 98. Francisco Bravo to Challoner.
Has received his letter, and regrets the delay which has occurred in the payment of the money.—Valladolid, 15 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: 15 Jan. 1562. Span. Pp. 2.
Jan. 15. 99. Intelligences.
1. Vienna, 29 Dec. 1563.—The Emperor will summon a diet at Worms. Letters from Transilvania about the wars between the Vaivoda and the Turk.
2. Rome, 15 Jan. 1563. Death of the Bishop of Feltri. The Pope has licensed the city of Rome to mask and play comedies. Disappearance of a Spanish gentleman resident in Rome. The Archbishops of Taranto and Otranto.
Endd.: From Venice, 22 Jan. Pp. 3.
Jan. 16. 100. Guido Gianetti to the Queen.
There has been a procession of the Signory on the 10th inst., in honour of the victory in France over the enemies of the church; the like has been done at Rome and elsewhere throughout Italy. The French prelates at Trent think that the Admiral cannot hold out. King Maximilian has sent to announce his creation to the Pope. His Holiness will go to Bologna in February. Writes to Cecil on the affairs of the Council of Trent, and sends a copy of the demands made to the Council in the name of the King of France by his Ambassadors to the Legates.—Venice, 16 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 16 Jan. 1562. Ital. Pp. 3.
[Jan. 16.] 101. The Council of Trent.
Petitions presented by the French orators to the legates of the Council of Trent, thirty-four in number.
Copy, in Gianetti's hol. Lat. Pp. 7.
Jan. 16. 102. Montgomery to the Queen.
1. Forwards letters from the Princess of Condé and D'Andelot, which he begs her to answer as soon as possible; and also to send the rest of her force to the Earl of Warwick, so that he may join several gentlemen of Picardy and Brittany and go to the assistance of the Prince, who (although he is a captive) still maintains this quarrel.
2. Has sent to the Earl of Warwick and M. De Beauvoir for some stores and troops to take some of the places which hinder them from getting victuals; but has only got 300 men, which are not sufficient.—Dieppe, 16 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 16. 103. Montgomery to Cecil.
1. Asks for a speedy reply to the letters which he sent to the Queen, and that more troops be sent to the Earl of Warwick. Many gentlemen of Picardy and Normandy would willingly go with him.—Dieppe, 16 Jan. 1562. Signed.
2. P.S.—Begs that the matter may be brought to an end, as these delays are dangerous. If this town falls he would not give much for Havre, as the enemy intends to bring a large army, and to cut off the supplies with their galleys. It would have been better for the reputation of England not to have sent any men at all, than to have sent them merely to guard a place.
Orig., with seal. The P.S. is hol. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 16. 104. Horsey to Cecil.
The Count desires more Englishmen here, and money for the payment of the French soldiers who are with him. There came to him many gentlemen of reputation, who promise to deliver him divers towns, Abbeville is one.— Dieppe, 16 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 16. 105. Horsey to Cecil.
1. After having written his former letter, the Count got the news that De Vielleville means to offer him from the King, that if he would keep this place, and not let any English force enter, he should have the keeping of the town and castle during his life, and have restitution of all his goods, and certain footmen and horsemen at the King's charge to remain in this town, with liberty of religion. The man who declared this said that if the enemies had this place they would besiege Newhaven by water and land.
2. The Count desires to have such a number of men here as they shall be masters as well of the forts and castle as of the town. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd.: From Dieppe. Pp. 2.
Jan. 16. 106. Defence of Newhaven.
Portinary's recommendations respecting such arrangements as he thought necessary for the defence of Newhaven by the English against the anticipated attack by the French.
Orig. Hol. Dated and endd. by Cecil. Ital. Pp. 8.
[Jan. 16.] 107. Translation of the above into English.
Dated by Cecil, 20 Jan. 1562, and endd. by him. Pp. 12.
Jan. 16. 108. Harry King to Challoner.
1. Arrived at the Court at Westminster on the 10 Jan. and delivered the packet to Cecil, who said that Cobham came not passing ten or twelve days before, who escaped very dangerously the sea; he was driven into Ireland and they lost their ship. Moved him concerning Challoner's diets, but not of his two "footcloth nags," for he made haste to go to the Queen. On the 12th Jan., she went to the Parliament house with all the nobility and bishops of the realm, and likewise again on the 15th. Trusts ere long he shall hear some good news of the said parliament, which shall be for the welfare of the whole realm.
2. The Rhinegrave practised with certain of the French in Newhaven to betray the town. He sent a soldier ap- parrelled like a peasant, with a basket with capons. They of the ward looked in his basket, and some feeling him about the body found many blank quires with nothing to be seen upon them. The Earl of Warwick held the papers to the fire, and so understood all the treason. It was written to certain captains of the French that they should have slain the Earl and have gotten the keys, and so to let the Rhinegrave into the town. Now are these men taken and put to execu- tion.—London, 16 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received by the ordinary, 8 March 1562. Pp. 3.
Jan. 17.
Forbes, ii. 287.
109. Smith to the Queen.
1. At the departure of Mr. Somer, accord is despaired of, until one or the other party have an overthrow. It is ru- moured here, that on Wednesday the 13th inst., at break of day, the Duke of Guise with his horsemen, without carriage or baggage, crossed the Loire at Beaugency bridge, and set men there to keep the same, so that no man should pass after his company had crossed; what his exploit was, is not known.
2. On the 14th, there came a Secretary with letters from the Cardinal of Lorraine. They work there marvellously fast, and offer in marriage the Queen of Scotland to Ferdinando, the Emperor's son. "She serves them for a good stale;" she has been offered to the King of Spain's son, the Kings of Navarre and Sweden, the Emperor's son, and the Cardinal of Bourbon, who is no priest. Fain would they have one to have her that should break the amity betwixt England and Scotland, and enhance the House of Guise, which is now so great that the King and Queen here rather fear than love them. So long as this war continues, the Prince and Constable being prisoners and St. André dead, there is no remedy, but of necessity the Duke must govern all. Thinks the Queen has heard of the marriage practised betwixt the Prince of Portugal and Madame Margaret, the King's sister.
3. By all intelligence which he can learn they mind not to come to agreement with the Queen, they will rather agree to all the Admiral's demands. With religion they make no difficulty in words; but when it should come to conclusion that is the greatest stay. For the offices, the Constable shall greatly help to it; he will and does now suspect the greatness of the Duke of Guise and consider the ruin of the house of Châtillon, being his nearest kindred in France, next his own children. And they see a greater number in France than they thought of, follow that religion; a great number who follow Guise do not stick to make profession of it openly.
4. Three things only let the agreement between themselves. The chief is the mistrust that they of the religion have, that the other goes about to entrap them, and means to accord only in appearance, till they may disperse them, and then destroy them one by one. The other is the greatness of the House of Guise, which must increase as long as this dissension lasts. The third is in the Parisians, who say they will not change their religion, or receive the Huguenots amongst them, whom they have expelled. The wiser that excuse the Parisians say, their denial is because they fear if the Huguenots return they would revenge their old injuries.
5. Another, which goes as far as the rest, is the respect they have for the Pope, the King of Spain and other princes, who help them for pretence of religion; what promise they have made them he knows not.
6. On Thursday last, there was a little "escarmouche" betwixt the band of Guisians, hacquebutters on horseback, who had crossed the river, and those of Orleans. It took place near Cléry. The loss of the Orleans party did not exceed two, who pressed too far forward; but they repulsed the others, and slew and took prisoners the whole of the Guisians, except seven. The praise of that charge is given to M. D'Avarat, and they make great boast of it. The Guisian camp is still this side the water; they are so pressed that they have to forage for their horses twelve leagues distant; and for other victuals they are in such penury that they will be compelled shortly to break up the camp.
7. The talk yesterday and to-day is of a meeting at Châteaudun; to-morrow (the 18th Jan.) the Queen journeys thither. They are in hopes a peace will be concluded there. Châteaudun is not more than nine leagues from Chartres. He intends to have one of his men there, to see the manner of it. It is said Tancarville is besieged.—Chartres, 17th Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
Jan. 17. 110. The Provost of Paris.
The effect and substance of certain confessions and exami- nations of Andrew Claudy, Deoville, and John Gascon, con- cerning the pretended murder of Captain Mazine, Italian, at the instigation of the Provost of Paris, taken on 10, 12 and 17 Jan. 1562.
Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan. 18. 111. The Lady Cecilia of Sweden to the Queen.
The Queen's late doings in Scotland and her aid to the faithful in France against their raging enemies are a great comfort to all Christians. Desires her to write to the King, her brother, that he will license her to come over to Eng- land, as she has no mind to marry before she has seen the Queen. About a year past there came a nobleman of Poland, the Earl of Teyn, who moved for her marriage with his master. Her brother agreed thereto, contrary to her will, but in the end it was broken off. Now he would have her marry the eldest son of the Landgrave of Hesse; to which she will in nowise consent, but would rather serve her [the Queen] and continue unmarried. Begs her to send the letter by some nobleman who kept most company with her brother, John Duke of Finland, if possible by Easter, for about that time the Landgrave's son will be here; so that if her letter has not come the writer will be much troubled to withstand her brother's request in that behalf.—Stockholm, 18 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 18. 112. Capture of the Earl of Bothwell.
1. John Ryveley, of Berrington (Co. Northumberland), in his examination touching the receiving the Earl, affirms that he neither knew nor heard of his arrival at Holy Island, nor of his departure from thence. That Willye Tatt of Tynedale, servant to the Earl, came to his house on Sunday afternoon, the 3rd, saying that he came in a "trodd" of sheep, and desired his help in "speringe" of them. With him was an Englishman, whom he knew not. After he had set up his horse he declared to him that the Earl of Bothwell, his master, was in displeasure with the Queen and Council of Scotland. He asked him to let the Earl be in his house for two or three days to prepare himself, which he granted; whereupon Tatt departed. On the next day, Monday, the Earl, Tatt, and Davie Chambers came to his house, and he kept them close until the following Thursday, when the Council of Berwick sent and took him.
2. On Monday, the 12th, the Earl required him to provide a guide for his man, Chambers, to Holy Island, to see if there were any ships; which he granted, and willed them to bring home a bottle of wine, which they did. His man and Chambers returned the same afternoon; and after supper the Earl spoke to his man in French, and he answered in the same language. Whereupon the deponent grew suspicious of them, and mused thereon in bed; and as he imagined that the Earl might deceive, he rose up and asked the town watch "what a'clock it was ?" they answered, past two of the clock. Then he called his man, Thomas Darling, and willed him to ride to Mr. Clavering at Norham, and tell that the Earl was in his house. His boy, whom he sent to the Island, was John a Riveley, his brother's son, who is at Berrington.
3. John a Riveley said that his master sent him to guide the Earl's man to Holy Island; and after he had taken him to the end of the town he returned without tarrying.
4. Captain Carew said that he sent to Holy Island to make a secret search, and the boy being in the town to seek for wine led him to suspect Riveley's house; whereupon the garrison was sent thither.
5. Thomas Darling said that his master sent him to Norham about two "of clock" on Thursday morning; he rode there and told the Constable that the Earl was at his master's house. The distance being but four miles, he was asked what time he got to Norham; he said about day-break, being about five o'clock.
6. Thomas Clavering, Constable of Norham, said that Darling came and spoke to him hereof between 6 and 7 of the clock on Thursday morning; whereupon he immediately rose and raised his company of horsemen and rode quickly thither; but before he arrived the Earl was taken, and had been at Berwick a good space.
7. John Howrde, Master of the Ordnance of Berwick, Captain Cornewall, and John Dacres, Under-marshal, who were sent to Jo. Riveley's house at Berrington, with certain of the garrison, said that upon their arrival there they beset the same, and called; whereupon Riveley rose up in his shirt, and being asked what guests he had, said that he had some, and that the Earl was in his vault without his lodging. On coming to the door they asked for the key, which he said the Earl had within. Those within having opened the door, thinking those abroad to be their friends, they entered, where they found the Earl in bed, and two of his men standing with their weapons and apparel about them, and their horses saddled; and so apprehended the Earl and his men between 4 and 5 o'clock on the said Thursday morning. Signed by Dacres and Vaughan.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 18. 113.Message from the French Ambassador to Cecil.
The French Ambassador's secretary puts into writing the following message at Cecil's request. The Ambassador having demanded an audience last Saturday was promised one on Sunday; but just as he was setting out for court on that day he was informed by the Lord Chamberlain that the Queen could not see him. Finds this very strange, considering the grave position of affairs and that he has several times requested audience from the Queen. Desires him to remind the Queen that it is an Ambassador's duty to demand an audience when necessary; and also to consider that her Ambassador in France is never delayed more than a day.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 20. 114. Provisions for Berwick.
The Queen directs her purveyors in Norfolk and Suffolk to assist Valentine Brown in procuring grain at the following prices: wheat 13s. 4d., rye 10s., and malt 8s. the quarter.— Westminster, 20 Jan., 5 Eliz.
Draft. Endd. Broadside.
Jan. 20. 115. The Queen to Admiral Coligny.
Received his letters of the 2nd inst., by which it appears that he has only retired to Orleans to refresh his horsemern, and thereupon purposes to visit his enemies. Since she received his letters she has been advised by letters of her minister in France that the King is gone to Chartres to the Queen Mother, and that matters appear to be towards an accord. If he can have such an accord as will be to God's honour and his own surety, and that of his associates, she will be content therewith, so that it be also considered therein how her demands shall be satisfied. And so doing she is content that he should have a certain sum of money delivered to him in Normandy towards paying his army. And if the treaty now in hand at Chartres shall so fall out as that his adversaries will not yield to his conditions for ceasing this civil war, in that case she will not only make speedy payment to him of all the money promised to the Prince of Condé, but will, during the captivity of the Prince, grant him such aid by money, or men, or by both, as shall appear reasonable for her and her estate. She therefore desires that he will speedily let her understand by two or three several ways how this treaty succeeds.
Portions underlined to be expressed in cipher. Corrected draft by Cecil, and dated and endd. by him. Pp. 4.
Jan. 20.
Forbes, ii. 290.
116. Translation of the above into French.
Portions underlined to be expressed in cipher. Corrected draft, dated and endd. by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 4.
Jan. 20. 117. Sir Maurice Denys to Cecil.
1. Is sorry to perceive by his letter of the 7th inst. (received this day) that there has been some trouble in understanding the state of his charges here, by the variations betwixt the controller's books and his own. Nothing has been paid but by warrant.
2. Has not 1,200l. in hand for victuals, as Cecil wrote that he had, for the greater part thereof is in the soldiers' hands for lack of pay. The victuals due to 31 December amounted to only 1,700l., whereof the writer cannot detain much above 1,200l.
3. Touching the task work here by the soldiers, and the French masons' work, is informed that the masons began their work about the 10th ult., and have been paid weekly ever since; for otherwise they would not work, being French masons. The soldiers began their task on the 22nd ult., for which they have received no pay. Since the 24th a new task has been made for scouring the ditches, for which they have likewise been paid weekly, otherwise they would not work, because of their great charges in bringing their beef, and other things necessary for them; and if they ceased for lack of pay, the ditches would be worse than before. So the charges daily grow, which will appear in his next advertisement. Two months' wages will be due to the soldiers on the 25th inst. Mosley has demanded 50l. for transporting 140 soldiers belonging to Captains Ormesby and Kemys.
4. It is said here that the Duke of Guise besieged Orleans with 20,000 men; and that it was delivered up last Friday by the treachery of those within the town; that D' Andelot is dead, and that Châtillion is at Blois; but the news does not deserve credit. He who has Marshal St. André's place is coming into these parts. He and the Rhinegrave have 60,000 men in readiness; and within the last three days twelve cannon were brought to them; so they mean something to this town or Dieppe. This town was clean destitute of victuals until this day.—Newhaven, 20 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 4.
Jan. 20. 118. Montgomery to Warwick,
Yesterday he made a sally to Arques and beat up the companies of Souplicourt and Belebranche so sharply that there remained on the field six or seven score, and most of the rest wounded. They had only about 300 infantry, thirty English pikemen, and sixty or eighty horse. If they had had artillery they could have taken the place, although the companies were each 200 strong. Begs him to send him reinforcements, and also to give the money which the Queen has sent for his troops to the bearer. Desires that he may have the Scotch cavalry.—Dieppe, 20 Jan. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 20. 119. The Rhinegrave to Warwick.
Has received his letter thanking him for his good treat- ment of his soldiers; if he could have done more for them he would, on account of his desire to please. As for the peace, he showed a letter to Captain Saul, and has since received others which confirm the news that the Queen is doing everything to bring about a good accord, and that Condé is much inclined thereto; but they cannot yet agree upon the conditions. After he has put things in order here he intends to go for four or five days to the Court, from whence he will send more certain intelligence. M. De Guise has crossed the Loire and has approached the Admiral, who has still about 2,500 reiters and a few infantry; they are like two dogs snarling at each other, but he does not think that they will be allowed to fight. Desires him to send M. De Bacqueville to hear what he intended to do with respect to taking Dieppe with which he is charged; and promises to send him back. Will be much obliged if the Earl will allow Bacqueville to go to his house. Has managed to get the "poor English" away from Caudebec, who have engaged to pay all expenses incurred on their account.—Montivilliers, 20 Jan. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 20. 120. The Queen Mother to Marshal Montmorency.
As she intends to go to Paris in a day or two she has advised the English Ambassador to set out before her. Desires that he may be well lodged, and he and his men protected from any outrage by the people.—Chartres, 20 Jan. 1562.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 20.
Forbes, ii. 292.
121. The Queen to the Marshal of Hesse.
The affection which he bears her has induced her rather to write to him than to send a message. Has had a sum of money ready in Normandy for the Prince of Condé, which was intended to be employed in paying the Marshal and his reiters. As there is pay owing to them, it shall be given to them at Havre, or if they prefer it, it can be assigned to the German merchants.—Westminster, 20 January 1562.
Corrected draft. Endd. by Cecil: 21 Jan. [sic.] 1562. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 20. 122. Another copy of the above.
Fr. P. 1.
Jan. 20. 123. H. Knollys to Cecil.
Have already in the first setting out of their journey made such diligence that their horses begin to complain. Sends news from Lyons and Dauphiné taken out of a letter sent to M. De Conjet, the French Ambassador in Switzerland, which is confirmed by letters from M. De Soubize, Calvin, and others, insomuch as order is taken for the stay of the Baron Des Adrets' son, whom for his safety he sent to the Palsgrave to Heidelberg. It is said that the Baron has made a compact with the Duke of Nemours that on whether part soever the victory should incline, his own safety should be well provided for. They are all in good health.—Rhinhausen, 20 Jan. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 20 Jan. 1562. Pp. 2.
Jan. 20. 124. Cuerton to Challoner.
With the first wind a ship departs for London, wherein goes the maid who came for Madam Clarentius. "She hath made a wise voyage." Some say that the English have taken Honfleur and Dieppe.—Bilboa 20 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Pp. 2.