Elizabeth: November 1569

Pages 140-147

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 9, 1569-1571. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1874.

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November 1569

Nov. 2. 500. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Encloses certain letters. Captain Reade is in Yorkshire.— Berwick, 2 Nov. 1569.
Imperfect. Add. Endd. P. ¼.
Nov. 3. 501. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
The Admiral, fearing some mutiny of the reiters, showed them certain letters out of England of two months' date, which much satisfied them. This motion grew by Count Mansfeld's lieutenant being taken prisoner in the battle, and released upon his faith, who promised M. D'Anjou, that he would divert the reiters from the Prince's service, but of late he does not hear that this practice proceeds forwards. The Admiral lies in garrison upon the river of Charente, and has broken down all the bridges. The King arrived at his camp, 24 October, where after many congratulations between him and his brother, he saw the greatest part of his army ranged in order of battle. The next morning he went to St. Jean D'Angely, and shooting one volley of five cannon and six smaller pieces, Piles, the captain, made some sign of parley, but refused to surrender, whereupon the volleys were redoubled, and battering for four days, a good part of the wall was beaten down, but no sufficient breach made. There are 1,500 soldiers within the place, but they have no other artillery than falconets and muskets. The governor of the town, upon Monsieur's approaching, minding to have rendered it up, Captain Piles openly hanged him and cast his body into the river. There has chanced no sortie save one on 21 October, when issuing out at midnight, they entered the trenches and slew to the number of twenty, and took in their retreat two ensigns and all the arms they found in the Corps de gard. M. D'Anjou took this reproach very grievously, degrading therefore two captains of blood and arms, who were, however, remitted to their former estates. Many men considering the different difficulties. think that though the King take St. Jean D'Angely, he can in nowise this winter besiege Rochelle, and thereby another war in the spring is likely to ensue. The Admiral having lost few of his cavalry, may in time recover new infantry. The Counts Rhinegrave and Mansfeld lying at point of death, and Bassompierre maimed of both arms, the King's reiters being destitute of their leaders, make some motion to depart home, whereupon the King has sent into Germany to make a new levy. The 6,000 Swiss for the King of long time talked of are not likely to be raised. M. Monluc has refused to be under M. D'Anville's conduct, which emulation has not a little availed M. Montgomery with the viscounts. Gives the different movements of troops on both sides. Has procured the release of certain English ships stayed at Bordeaux. There is lately come to the Court an Italian captain of a galley, who requests to have licence to take such of her subjects as traffic at Rochelle.—Tours, 3 Nov. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 4.
Nov. 3. 502. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
They have made great difficulty in granting a passport for Mather to go to the camp. Their Majesties think they are not well dealt with seeing their packet was taken forcibly from their courrier. La Croix has brought hither word of some trouble amongst the nobility in England, as the Duke of Norfolk and others, whereat they much rejoice here. M. D'Alençon lies at Paris sore sick of the small-pox. Thinks he shall be able to give them to understand that things are not in so desperate a state as some report them and others wish them to be in. Has procured the release of six ships of London stayed at Bordeaux and likewise certain Scotchmen.— Tours, 3 Nov. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Nov. 4. 503. Antoyne Corran to Cecil.
Desires that he will intercede with the Bishop of London to finish his process, when he assures him that his innocence will appear.—London, 4 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd.: "The Spanish preacher to my master. Fr. P. ¾.
Nov. 4. 504. The Vidame of Chartres to Cecil.
Complains of the conduct of a certain man [Thomas Gardiner, farmer of wine duties], named Garnier, who is reputed to be a papist, and begs Cecil to consider the loss that he suffers from not being able to dispose of his wine. Commends to his favour an Italian named Messer Giovanni Baptista Agnelli as a man of honesty and industry. Perchance his kindness may be returned by an ounce or so of powder of transmutation. Could have wished that Agnello's book, which he sends, had been written on cleaner paper, but that of dusky hue bests suits the works "Vulcanicorum hominum." Holborn, 4 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. and Lat. Pp. 3.
Nov. 7. 505. The Regent Murray to Cecil.
Whereas he was willed to procure good proofs that he was not the author or persuader of the marriage betwixt the Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk, he has at two several times uttered his part and interest in that matter as truly as he can. Has communicated with Lethington, who constantly affirms that there was never any mention of the said marriage betwixt the Duke and him in plain and direct words, neither in conference or in letters. Lethington would gladly go to England and answer all interrogations that can be enquired of him; and if it be found that he has ever trafficked with the Duke in any cause prejudicial to the Queen will submit himself to her jurisdiction, and underlie his punishment as an Englishman.—Edinburgh, 7 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Nov. 9. 506. Restitution of Goods arrested in England.
Articles proposed by the French deputies appointed to arrange for the restitution of goods stayed in England, with the replies of the Privy Council, drawn up in a tabular form with the ratifications of the Council and the Deputies. — London, 9 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Endd. Fr. Broadside.
Nov. 13. 507. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Has sent certain soldiers to Holy Island. Has stayed a small vessel of Ipswich in the haven. Declares the loyalty of himself and the rest of the garrison. Hears that there have been means used to draw one of the Melvilles, who has charge of certain soldiers who attend on the Regent, to betray him. Hears that divers keys of the gates of Edinburgh are secretly made. The Regent has forbidden both the numbers, and the forcible manner which was intended to have been witness of Lethington's day of law. Lord and Lady Lennox and their son have been summoned to "compere" that day. Held a day of truce on the 8th inst. The Crosiers and others of Liddlesdale, who would not come in to the Regent, he fears will often these long nights visit them. Has caused the Laird of Nuton [Kirk Newton] with the towns of Wooler, Langston, Coupland, Milfield, and others to trench and pare the banks of as many fords and comings in as may offend. In the meantime a general watch nightly.—Berwick, 13 Oct. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
[Nov. 15.] 508. Proclamation by the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland.
Printed at length in the Calendar of Domestic Papers Addenda, 1566–1579, p. 111.
Endd. P. 1.
Nov. 18. 509. Advices.
News from Rome and Vienna, dated 18 Nov. 1569, of the discovery of a society of sorcerers at Naples, the affairs of France, movements of the Grand Turk, &c.
Endd Ital. Pp. 3½.
Nov. 19. 510. The Regent Murray to Cecil.
Sends two letters written by the Bishop of Ross. Explains how they came into his hands. Has been diligently travailing in the other matter moved by Mr. Carey.—Edinburgh, 19 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Nov. 21. 511. William Norris to Cecil.
His father has departed from Tours towards the camp, and for that the country thereabouts is in great misery for want of victuals, and by the infection of the air from the multitude of sick and hurt men, who daily depart from the camp, his mother has retired to Paris. They had a long and perilous journey, and very narrowly escaped from certain Huguenot horse, who had come from La Charité.—Paris, 21 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add., with seal. P. 1.
Nov. 21. 512. The Vidame of Chartres to Cecil.
Desires him to procure letters of naturalisation for a foreign woman and her family, who has had her husband executed for religion, and has come over to England to avoid persecution. —Holborn, 21 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. ½.
Nov. 22. 513. The Regent Murray to Cecil.
Lethington's favourers and friends having assembled in such numbers at his day of law, he has declared to them that he will not proceed with the trial at that time. Has heard of this commotion risen in the north parts of England against the Queen's authority under pretence of the Papistical religion, and has offered to the Marshal of Berwick to take such part in Her Highness's cause and quarrel with the whole power of this realm as he shall advertise.—Edinburgh, 22 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 1½.
Nov. 24. 514. The Queen of Navarre to the Princes of Navarre and Condé.
1. There is no doubt but that many of the gentlemen of their party being wearied with the war would retire to their houses, which they would more readily do if they saw any overture of peace. She, therefore, informs them of what has passed with M. de Losses, who has been with her. After excusing himself for his attempt to seize the Princes, he begged her to assist in establishing a good peace. She replied that it rested entirely with the King, as they had only taken up arms in order to enjoy the free exercise of their religion granted to them by his edicts. It was answered that the King did not wish to restrain the exercise of religion by the nobility in their own houses privately, but that he was firmly determined never to permit it publicly in France. The Queen said that then it was useless to talk of peace as they were all determined to die rather than give up this freedom. De Losses replied that there were many people of rank in their army who would not give her that advice, and who would be content with reasonable terms. The Queen assured him that even if they all consented that the signatures of Jeanne and Henri would never be found attached to such a peace.
2. She desired him to give her very humble commendations to the King, the Queen Mother and Monsieur, and to beg the King to take pity on his realm.
3. M. Marmoustier has been sent with a similar message to his brother, M. De la Roche. Assures them that if they abandon the defence of the religion all the ruin and losses which they are charged with causing will fall upon them and their posterity; and if any should be content to remain quietly in their houses, all communications will be cut off between the churches, and they will be one by one compelled to obey the commands of the bishop of the diocese. It is for that purpose that they advise that the Queen and the princes should reside near the King, and that the Admiral should go into Germany in order that they of the religion should have no one to rally round. Knows there are certain in their army of so strange a humour that they think that they put forth these things merely for their private advantage. Asks if it is probable that the King, thinking himself victorious over his rebellious subjects, will give them good terms of peace. The anxiety of the Cardinal of Lorraine for peace ought alone to show them what is the design of their enemies. Shows the inconvenience of making peace without including the Protestant princes of Germany, and warns them of the power of the League, which persecutes Calvinist and Lutheran alike. As the danger is common, so should be the defence, seeing that the Papist Princes spare no pains to ruin them. It will be time to talk of peace with the enemy when their forces are more equal. Desires them to be very careful in receiving deserters, and to order the captains of the cornets of cavalry to see that none enter amongst their troops, whom they do not know, as there is a plot to assassinate the Admiral.
4. Has not heard from them for a long time.—Rochelle, 24 Nov. 1569.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2¾.
Nov. 24. 515. Advertisements from France.
On the 24th Nov. 1569, the King and Queen Mother of France sitting in council, the Sieur de la Personne, on behalf of the princes and the nobility associated with them, expressed their loyalty and desire for peace, and begged humbly that he would send some one to negociate with them for that purpose. The King having desired that this request might be put in writing delivered his answer also in writing, to the effect that he was willing to receive any one who might be sent to him by them, and would grant them safe-conducts. List of the councillors who were present.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 2¼.
Nov. 25. 516. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
Sends a letter which he received from the French King, declaring some miscontent, taxing her officers for not seeking the recovery of his packet or the punishment of the offenders, and likewise requiring him to desire her to make such demonstration towards the Queen of Scots as she deserves. Gives an account of the progress of the siege of St. Jean d'Angely. M. Piles accorded to deliver the town to the King if they were not succoured in ten days, but afterwards refused to do so without a general peace were made. Monluc having made offer of surrender of his government of Guienne, the same is offered to Marshal Cosse, the said offer growing upon emulation between him and D'Anville, which greatly avails the Admiral's proceedings in those parts. The Admiral minds being joined with the Viscounts to gather forces in Berry, which are esteemed at 800 horse and 2,000 footmen. Those of the religion are in hopes of succours from Germany. The King is advertised that Her Majesty has made league with the Princes Germans for six years continuance which causes him to make a new levy for next spring. There has been some earnest dealing for peace; the Count of Rochefoucault being in Rochelle the Marshal De Cosse and M. De Cormere were sent to speak with him; and since this secret treaty has been continued by M. De Croc sent from the King to deal with M. De Ranty on the behalf of the Queen of Navarre, to which end M. De Losse, Captain of the Scotch Guard, has been at Rochelle with the said Queen; whereupon the Rochellois suspect lest the nobility make some accord to their prejudice. Gives particulars of the surrender of certain towns. The Count St. Fiore is returned into Italy having left of 1,000 horsemen 300, and of 4,000 footmen only 400. —Saumur, 25 Nov. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
517. Copy of the above with information of the arrival of Thomas Fleming in France, and the intended succour of Dumbarton.
Draft. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
Nov. 25. 518. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Sends similar information to that in his letter to the Queen of this date. Thomas Fleming has brought letters to the King from Lord Fleming. The order of arming two ships is appointed to Martigues to go out of the coast of Britanny. Fleming minds to repair to Scotland with ships, munitions, victuals, and 200 men for Dumbarton.—Saumur, 25 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Nov. 27. 519. Proclamation by the Regent Murray.
Warns all Scotchmen against in any way assisting the authors and members of the present troubles and commotions in England.—St. Andrew, 27 Nov. Signed.
Copy. Endd. P. 1.
Nov. 30. 520. The Cardinal of Chatillon to Cecil.
The Privy Council having granted leave to Captain Sores to refresh his ships in the Queen's ports, he desires that he may not be annoyed by any of her officers.—Shene, 30 Nov. 1569. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. ½.
[Nov.] 521. Proclamation at Berwick.
Warns the soldiers and inhabitants on pain of their allegiance, that they do neither by word or fact, or countenance, speak or utter any misliking of the Queen's most royal person or her most gracious proceedings, or to the favouring or supporting of any traitorous, mutinous, or seditious fact or practise against her Highness. Any person hearing or seeing any party so offending, is to cause them to be apprehended. No person is to depart out of the town and bounds without the consent of the Deputy, as he will answer to the contrary at his extreme peril.
Subscribed in Drury's hand: "God save the Quene."
Pp. 1¼.